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Akash Ganguly, Joanne Warner, Hifz Aniq
OBJECTIVE: Central metatarsalgia relates to abnormalities of the second, third, and fourth metatarsals and their respective metatarsophalangeal joints. A variety of disorders present with central forefoot pain; they range from traumatic lesions (acute or chronic repetitive), inflammatory and infective disorders, nonneoplastic soft-tissue lesions, and benign tumors to malignant lesions. Patients often present with symptoms of localized pain in the forefoot that worsens on weight bearing (walking or running), which can be sharp or dull and often is perceived as a lump felt inside or underneath the foot and described as walking on a marble or pebbles...
February 22, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Isabel Arias-Martín, María Reina-Bueno, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez
PURPOSE: Pain in and around the metatarsal heads, the metatarsal phalangeal joints and the surrounding soft tissues is called metatarsalgia. Non-operative treatment of metatarsalgia includes foot orthoses. Foot orthoses may be classified as standard or custom-made. A systematic review was carried out to determine whether custom-made foot orthoses are effective for treating forefoot pain. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PEDro databases were searched for relevant articles reporting patients undergoing treatment for forefoot pain by means of custom-made foot orthoses...
February 8, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Tianqi Tao, Yiqiu Jiang, Wang Li, Yang Li, Jing Du, Jianchao Gui
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the relationship between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI gene polymorphism and risk factors, surgical outcome and prognosis of hallux valgus (HV). METHODS: A case-control study was performed on a cohort of 236 HV patients and 236 controls in a Chinese Han population. Detection of the VDR BsmI/G2A polymorphism was performed using restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: We detected a statistically significant difference in the allele distribution of the BsmI polymorphism between cases and controls (p<0...
October 28, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
N Gutteck, P Savov, M Panian, D Wohlrab, A Zeh, K S Delank
The TMT I arthrodesis is an established procedure for the correction of hallux valgus deformity associated with the instability of the TMT-I joint. A risk of transfer metatarsalgia is reported in the literature associated with persistant elevation of MT-I. Detailed information for ideal positioning of the arthrodesis is missing so far. Clinical, radiological and padobarografical results and their correlations were analyzed with special consideration of the elevation position of the MT-I in a TMT-I arthrodesis using the plantar plate osteosynthesis...
April 25, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bruno Magnan, Ingrid Bonetti, Stefano Negri, Tommaso Maluta, Carlo Dall'Oca, Elena Samaila
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiological results of percutaneous distal metatarsal minimally invasive osteotomy (DMMO) of the lesser rays for surgical treatment of primary metatarsalgia due to plantar overpressure with metatarsophalangeal instability are described. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy, feasibility and safety of this minimally invasive surgical (MIS) technique, verifying the possibility to lower the complication rate related to surgical exposures, to reduce operating times with comparable functional and cosmetic results to those reported with traditional open procedures...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Katherine M Edenfield
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Todd A Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Andrew E Federer, David M Tainter, Samuel B Adams, Karl M Schweitzer
There are several forefoot conditions that can result in metatarsal head pain. Various points of the gait cycle can predispose the metatarsal heads to pain based on intrinsic and extrinsic imbalances. Metatarsalgia can further be classified according to primary, secondary, or iatrogenic etiologies. Within these groups, conservative management is the first line of treatment and can often obviate surgical intervention. Depending on the cause of pain, proper shoewear, orthoses, and inserts coupled with targeted physical therapy can alleviate most symptoms of metatarsalgia and lesser toe deformities...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Rose E Cortina, Brandon L Morris, Bryan G Vopat
Metatarsalgia is a common cause of plantar forefoot pain. Causes of metatarsalgia include foot anatomy, gait mechanics, and foot and ankle deformity. One specific cause, mechanical metatarsalgia, occurs because of gastrocnemius muscle contracture, which overloads the forefoot. Muscular imbalance of the gastrocnemius complex alters gait mechanics, which increases recruitment of the toe extensor musculature, thereby altering forefoot pressure. Patients with concomitant metatarsalgia and gastrocnemius contracture demonstrate ankle equinus and a positive Silfverskiold test...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Veerabhadra Babu Reddy
Metatarsal osteotomies can be divided into proximal and distal. The proximal osteotomies, such as the oblique, segmental, set cut, and Barouk-Rippstein-Toullec (BRT) osteotomy, all provide the ability to significantly change the position of the metatarsal head without violating the joint. These osteotomies, however, have a high rate of nonunion when done without internal fixation and can lead to transfer metatarsalgia when done without regard to the parabola of metatarsal head position. Distal osteotomies such as the Weil and Helal offer superior healing but have an increased incidence of recurrent metatarsalgia, joint stiffness, and floating toe...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Emily C Vafek, Simon Lee
Metatarsalgia is among the most common sources of forefoot pain. Proximal metatarsal osteotomies are an important technique in the armamentarium of the surgeon treating metatarsalgia that has failed nonoperative management. Proximal osteotomies can provide powerful deformity correction with precise control to both shorten and elevate the metatarsal head. However, they can be technically challenging, difficult to attain satisfactory fixation, require increased postoperative immobilization, and can result in transfer lesions...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
David Redfern
Many different distal metatarsal osteotomies have been described in the surgical treatment of metatarsalgia. The surgeon should use such osteotomies judiciously, and indeed, in the author's experience, they are infrequently required and are certainly not a first port of call. In cases where nonoperative treatments have failed, a thorough understanding of the causes of metatarsalgia and a detailed clinical assessment of the patient are essential if good surgical outcomes are to be achieved. If using distal metatarsal osteotomies as part of the surgical plan, then the author favors extra-articular percutaneous osteotomies to minimize postoperative stiffness...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Jeffrey D Seybold, Jacob R Zide
Freiberg disease, or osteochondrosis of the lesser metatarsal head, usually involves the second metatarsal and presents during the second or third decades of life. Conservative measures to relieve pressure on the affected metatarsal head are the first-line treatments, with good success for Smillie stage I to III disease. Operative treatments are divided into joint-preserving and joint-reconstructing procedures. Although multiple case series describe success with numerous techniques, there are no established guidelines for treatment...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Jean Paul Foumenteze, Helen Simpson, Nabil Kerrouche
BACKGROUND: Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury that may be caused by wearing high-heeled shoes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the decrease in metatarsalgia using a hyaluronic acid dermal filler. METHODS: A 6-month, open study was conducted in 15 subjects with metatarsalgia because of regularly wearing high-heeled shoes. Hyaluronic acid (20 mg/mL) with lidocaine hydrochloride (3 mg/mL) was injected under the metatarsal heads at baseline. Pain (on a 0-10 scale) under the metatarsal heads when walking in high heels was recorded in a weekly subject diary...
January 22, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Sabine Krenn, Sascha Albers, Peter Bock, Clemens Mansfield, Michel Chraim, Hans-Joerg Trnka
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a shorter surgical time, and in this study we focus on minimally invasive distal metatarsal metaphyseal osteotomy (DMMO). The operation seems to be less complex but requires a high learning curve. We report on our first patients to underline the need for extensive training and great awareness for the risks in the early learning stages. METHODS: We evaluated 27 patients (mean age = 60.9 years) with a mean follow-up time of 7...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Liu Chiao Yi, Ana Carolina Camacho Cabral, Danilo Harudy Kamonseki, Elly Budiman-Mak, Milena Carlos Vidotto
BACKGROUND: The revised foot function index (FFI-R) is used to evaluate the functionality of patients with conditions that affect the feet. The objective here was to produce the Brazilian Portuguese version of this index. DESIGN AND SETTING: Translation and validation study conducted at the Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The translation and cultural adaptation process involved translation by two independent translators, analysis by an expert committee, back translation into the original language, analysis by the expert committee again and a pretest...
December 7, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Joonho Lee, Jeongyo Kim, Myoungjin Lee, Intak Chu, Sungjae Lee, Heuichul Gwak
Background: Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia and many treatments had been described in literature. However, there have been only a few reports that treat the neuroma with an osteotomy on the proximal, not distal portion of the metatarsal bone using a plate. This study describes the clinical outcome of sliding osteotomy on the proximal metatarsal bone for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. Materials and Methods: Sixty five consecutive patients (85 feet) who underwent surgery for Morton's neuroma between November 2010 and February 2013 were identified from hospital records to include in this retrospective study...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
M N Baig, Usman Baig, Ali Tariq, Robert Din
Introduction Hallux valgus is one of the most common forefoot deformities worldwide. Females are affected more often than males. The three most common clinical symptoms are the painful bunion, transfer metatarsalgia, and hammer or claw toes. Methods This case series consisted of 20 patients who had chevron osteotomy from January 2015 to January 2016. The clinical assessment was measured by The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS), and radiologic assessment was determined by preoperative and postoperative hallux valgus angle (HVA) and intermetatarsal angle (IMA)...
September 20, 2017: Curēus
H Waizy, B Bouillon, C Stukenborg-Colsman, D Yao, S Ettinger, L Claassen, C Plaass, K Danniilidis, D Arbab
Ruptures of the tendon of the tibialis anterior muscle tend to occur in the context of degenerative impairments. This mainly affects the distal avascular portion of the tendon. Owing to the good compensation through the extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum muscles, diagnosis is often delayed. In addition to the clinical examination, magnetic resonance inaging (MRI) diagnostics are of particular importance, although damage or rupture of the tendon can also be demonstrated sonographically. Therapeutic measures include conservative or operative measures, depending on the clinical symptoms...
December 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
X J Wang, B X Bao, F Y Wei, J Z Zhang
Objective: To analyze the clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia. Methods: From September 2011 to November, a total of 21 patients(30 feets)with transfer metatarsalgia of hallux valgus and underwent the simple hallux valgus surgery without lateral metatarsal shortening osteotomy In Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled in the study.The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA) , AOFAS scale and analogue score (VAS) were measured pre-operation and a half year, one year, two years after operation...
September 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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