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melanoma-surgical oncology

Vivian W M Ho, Rumana N Hussain, Gabriela Czanner, Julia Sen, Heinrich Heimann, Bertil E Damato
PURPOSE: To compare hydroxyapatite with acrylic implants after enucleation for uveal melanoma with respect to eyelid position, ocular motility, implant complications, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary enucleation for uveal melanoma between May 2005 and November 2012 at the Liverpool Ocular Oncology Centre, United Kingdom, were randomized between hydroxyapatite and acrylic implants. Questionnaires were sent to patients and ocularists to comment on the main outcomes...
November 17, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Claudiu Peştean, Elena Bărbuş, Andra Piciu, Maria Iulia Larg, Alexandrina Sabo, Cristina Moisescu-Goia, Doina Piciu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Melanoma is a disease that has an increasing incidence worldwide. Sentinel lymph node scintigraphy is a diagnostic tool that offers important information regarding the localization of the sentinel lymph nodes offering important input data to establish a pertinent and personalized therapeutic strategy. The golden standard in body contouring for sentinel lymph node scintigraphy is to use a planar flood source of Cobalt-57 (Co-57) placed behind the patients, against the gamma camera...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Gian Piero Guerrini, Felice Lo Faso, Alessio Vagliasindi, Rosalba Lembo, Luciano Solaini, Paolo Soliani, Mario Taviani, Calogero Porrello
INTRODUCTION: The ideal surgical approach for pulmonary metastasectomy remains controversial. Thoracoscopic surgery may offer advantages in quality of life outcomes, with equivalent oncologic long-term results. This study aimed to demonstrate the validity of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of lung metastases. METHODS: In all 224 patients who underwent 300 VATS metastasectomies from January 2000 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Claudio E Tatsui, Telmo A B Belsuzarri, Marilou Oro, Laurence D Rhines, Jing Li, Amol J Ghia, Behrang Amini, Heron Espinoza, Paul D Brown, Ganesh Rao
OBJECTIVE An emerging paradigm for treating patients with epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) caused by metastatic tumors is surgical decompression and stabilization, followed by stereotactic radiosurgery. In the setting of rapid progressive disease, interruption or delay in return to systemic treatment can lead to a negative impact in overall survival. To overcome this limitation, the authors introduce the use of spinal laser interstitial thermotherapy (sLITT) in association with percutaneous spinal stabilization to facilitate a rapid return to oncological treatment...
October 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Giancarlo D'Andrea, Lucia Palombi, Giuseppe Minniti, Alessandro Pesce, Paolo Marchetti
OBJECTIVE: Brain metastases occur between 10 and 40% of patients with cancer and are more common than primary brain tumors (30-40%) and their incidence is growing because of the improvements in control of systemic disease, the prolonged survival and the better radiological detection. Modern treatment of brain metastases dramatically changed their expected prognosis that traditionally has been considered very poor referring such patients only to palliation because their terminal stage, and new prognostic indexes have been proposed to evaluate them...
September 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Brendan P Lovasik, Ishna Sharma, Maria C Russell, Grant W Carlson, Keith A Delman, Monica Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Scalp and neck melanomas (SNMs) have a relatively poor prognosis compared to other sites, and represent an anatomically challenging area for detection. The aim of this study was to identify the role of the hairdresser in detection of SNMs. METHODS: A tertiary surgical oncology institutional database was retrospectively reviewed for all patients undergoing resection of a scalp, posterior neck, or retro auricular invasive primary melanoma between 2008 and 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
S Pasquali, A Sommariva, A J Spillane, K Y Bilimoria, C R Rossi
In an attempt to ensure high standards of cancer care, there is increasing interest in determining and monitoring the quality of interventions in surgical oncology. In recent years, this has been particularly the case for melanoma surgery. The vast majority of patients with melanoma undergo surgery. Usually, this is with combinations of wide excision, sentinel lymph node biopsy and lymphadenectomy. The indications for these procedures evolved during a time when no effective systemic adjuvant therapy was available, and whilst the rationale has been sound, the justification for differences in extent and thoroughness has generally been supported by inadequate or low-level evidence...
June 29, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
GilJoon Lee, Chung-Hwan Baek, Na Yeon Choi, Man Ki Chung
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of the surgical approach and adjuvant treatment in operable malignant melanoma of head and neck (MMHN). Methods: Retrospective reviews of 31 patients who underwent surgery-based treatment with curative intent, either by the endoscopic or external approach, for MMHN were performed to analyze recurrence patterns, salvage modalities, and oncological outcomes (disease-specific survival and disease-free survival)...
July 1, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Claus Garbe, Ketty Peris, Axel Hauschild, Philippe Saiag, Mark Middleton, Lars Bastholt, Jean-Jacques Grob, Josep Malvehy, Julia Newton-Bishop, Alexander J Stratigos, Hubert Pehamberger, Alexander M Eggermont
Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is potentially the most dangerous form of skin tumour and causes 90% of skin cancer mortality. A unique collaboration of multi-disciplinary experts from the European Dermatology Forum, the European Association of Dermato-Oncology and the European Organisation of Research and Treatment of Cancer was formed to make recommendations on CM diagnosis and treatment, based on systematic literature reviews and the experts' experience. Diagnosis is made clinically using dermoscopy and staging is based upon the AJCC system...
August 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Tero T Kivelä, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Laurence Desjardins, Alexander Schmittel, Nikolaos Bechrakis, Edoardo Midena, Serge Leyvraz, Leonidas Zografos, Jean-Daniel Grange, Guillaume Ract-Madoux, Ernest Marshall, Bertil Damato, Sebastian Eskelin
PURPOSE: To validate a staging system for metastatic uveal melanoma that will facilitate planning, reporting, and interpreting the results of clinical trials. DESIGN: Reliability and validity study. METHODS: The performance index, the largest diameter of the largest metastasis and alkaline phosphatase level at the time of diagnosis of metastases, and overall survival of 249 patients from 7 ocular oncology centers who died of dissemination were analyzed...
August 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Davorin Herceg, Daska Stulhofer Buzina, Romana Ceović, Snjezana Dotlić, Ivana Ilić, Sanda Smuđ Orehovec, Gordana Horvatić Herceg, Davor Mijatović, Robert Separović, Tajana Silovski, Damir Vrbanec
Melanoma in the Western world has an increasing incidence. One of the most important factor for the increase in incidence is sporadic, uncontrolled exposure to the sun. The basis for the treatment of primary melanoma is surgical treatment. Treatment of metastatic disease of melanoma in recent years experienced significant changes. BRAF and MEK inhibitors, immunotherapy with programmed cell-death immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-PD-1-antibodies) are new options for the treatment of metastatic disease. A mulitidisiplinary team of Croatian Society for Medical Oncology provides recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of melanoma primarily driven to the discovery of new drugs and therapeutic options, that change the prognosis of patients with metastatic melanoma...
January 2016: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
Alexander C J van Akkooi, Michael B Atkins, Sanjiv S Agarwala, Paul Lorigan
Wide local excision is considered routine therapy after initial diagnosis of primary melanoma to reduce local recurrences, but it does not impact survival. Sentinel node staging is recommended for melanomas of intermediate thickness, but it has also not demonstrated any indisputable therapeutic effect on survival. The prognostic value of sentinel node staging has been long established and is therefore considered routine, especially in light of the eligibility criteria for adjuvant therapy (trials). Whether completion lymph node dissection after a positive sentinel node biopsy improves survival is the question of current trials...
2016: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
H A R Homulle, F Powolny, P L Stegehuis, J Dijkstra, D-U Li, K Homicsko, D Rimoldi, K Muehlethaler, J O Prior, R Sinisi, E Dubikovskaya, E Charbon, C Bruschini
In near infrared fluorescence-guided surgical oncology, it is challenging to distinguish healthy from cancerous tissue. One promising research avenue consists in the analysis of the exogenous fluorophores' lifetime, which are however in the (sub-)nanosecond range. We have integrated a single-photon pixel array, based on standard CMOS SPADs (single-photon avalanche diodes), in a compact, time-gated measurement system, named FluoCam. In vivo measurements were carried out with indocyanine green (ICG)-modified derivatives targeting the αvβ 3 integrin, initially on a genetically engineered mouse model of melanoma injected with ICG conjugated with tetrameric cyclic pentapeptide (ICG-E[c(RGD f K)4]), then on mice carrying tumour xenografts of U87-MG (a human primary glioblastoma cell line) injected with monomeric ICG-c(RGD f K)...
May 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Adam C Berger, Robert S Davidson, J Kevin Poitras, Indy Chabra, Richard Hope, Amy Brackeen, Clare E Johnson, Derek J Maetzold, Brooke Middlebrook, Kristen M Oelschlager, Robert W Cook, Federico A Monzon, Alexander R Miller
OBJECTIVE: DecisionDx-Melanoma * is a 31-gene expression profile test that predicts the risk of metastasis in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma (CM). This study was designed to ascertain clinical management changes determined by the test outcome, which classifies CM patients being at low (Class 1) or high (Class 2) risk for recurrence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Medical charts were reviewed from 156 CM patients from six institutions (three dermatology and three surgical oncology practices) who were consecutively tested between May 2013 and December 2015...
September 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Patrick Lorimer, Zvonimir Milas
Most cutaneous malignancies of the head and neck (HN) are non-melanoma skin cancers, predominantly basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Less common entities include Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), sebaceous carcinoma (SC), and angiosarcoma. Treatment is based on histology subtype, stage, and extent of involvement. Surgery is the primary means of treatment and includes wide local excision, Mohs micrographic surgery, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and cervical lymphadenectomy. Multidisciplinary management including radiation and targeted chemotherapy are critical adjuncts to surgery...
June 2016: Seminars in Oncology
Alexis Sánchez, Rene Sotelo, Omaira Rodriguez, Renata Sánchez, José Rosciano, Luis Medina, Liumariel Vegas
Inguinal lymphadenectomy is the indicated procedure in the regional lymph node management for patients with lower limb melanoma and positive nodes. This procedure is commonly associated with surgical site complications. Video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy is a minimally invasive alternative with oncological principles and lower wound-related morbidity. Incorporation of robotic surgery with optimal vision and great maneuverability would offer great advantages. A 42-year-old male patient was diagnosed with acral lentiginous melanoma and palpable inguinal nodes T2 N1 M0...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Amilcare Parisi, Stefano Trastulli, Francesco Ricci, Rossana Regina, Roberto Cirocchi, Veronica Grassi, Alessandro Gemini, Daniele Pironi, Vito D'Andrea, Alberto Santoro, Jacopo Desiderio
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, criteria for liver resection were extended thanks to surgical and oncological developments, thus increasing the number of surgeries for non-colorectal liver metastases. However, the real advantages of surgery in this category of patients remain debated, due to the few studies available in the literature. The present study aims to analyze liver surgery performed for metastatic disease at a single referral center, comparing outcomes of patients that underwent resections for colorectal and non-colorectal metastases...
April 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Lauge H Mikkelsen, Ann-Cathrine Larsen, Christian von Buchwald, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Jan U Prause, Steffen Heegaard
Mucosal melanomas constitute 1.3% of all melanomas and they may develop in any mucosal membrane. Conjunctival melanomas (0.5/million/year) and melanomas in the sinonasal cavity (0.5/million/year) are the most common, followed by anorectal melanomas (0.4/million/year) and melanomas in the oral cavity (0.2/million/year). Anorectal melanoma occurs slightly more often in females, whereas oral melanoma has a male predilection. Mucosal melanoma most commonly develops in a patient's sixth or seventh decade of life, and no differences between races have been found except for sinonasal melanoma and conjunctival melanoma, which are very rare in Black people...
June 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Federica Arginelli, Attilio Carlo Salgarelli, Barbara Ferrari, Amanda Losi, Pierantonio Bellini, Cristina Magnoni
PURPOSE: Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most frequent skin tumours; in 25.5% of cases, they are reported to affect the nasal area. For an excellent surgical outcome, first of all the radical excision of the lesion is important, with appropriate margins of healthy skin in order to avoid recurrences. Moreover is important to achieve a good aesthetical result, avoiding distortion of the aesthetic units and preserving their functions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have applied the modified crescentic flap, described by Smadja in 2007, to 24 nasal skin defects left by oncologic surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
E Weis, T G Salopek, J G McKinnon, M P Larocque, C Temple-Oberle, T Cheng, J McWhae, R Sloboda, M Shea-Budgell
INTRODUCTION: Survival in uveal melanoma has remained unchanged since the early 1970s. Because outcomes are highly related to the size of the tumour, timely and accurate diagnosis can increase the chance for cure. METHODS: A consensus-based guideline was developed to inform practitioners. PubMed was searched for publications related to this topic. Reference lists of key publications were hand-searched. The National Guidelines Clearinghouse and individual guideline organizations were searched for relevant guidelines...
February 2016: Current Oncology
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