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Radu Danescu, Razvan Itu, Andra Petrovai
The driving environment is complex and dynamic, and the attention of the driver is continuously challenged, therefore computer based assistance achieved by processing image and sensor data may increase traffic safety. While active sensors and stereovision have the advantage of obtaining 3D data directly, monocular vision is easy to set up, and can benefit from the increasing computational power of smart mobile devices, and from the fact that almost all of them come with an embedded camera. Several driving assistance application are available for mobile devices, but they are mostly targeted for simple scenarios and a limited range of obstacle shapes and poses...
October 17, 2016: Sensors
Anastasia M Konstantinova, Liubov Kyrpychova, Irena E Belousova, Dominic V Spagnolo, Denisa Kacerovska, Michal Michal, Katrin Kerl, Dmitry V Kazakov
The normal histology of anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLG) has been studied previously, but some aspects, including glandular depth, presence of columnar epithelium resembling columnar cell change/hyperplasia as defined in mammary pathology, and distribution of elastic fibers, have not been previously investigated. To address these issues, we studied 148 AGMLG identified in 133 paraffin blocks sampled from 64 vulvar wide excision or vulvectomy specimens (64 patients, various indications for surgery). The depth of AGMLG ranged from 0...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Takashi Oide, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Ichiro Yoshino, Yukio Nakatani, Kenzo Hiroshima
We report a 38-year-old woman with a left lung tumor presenting as obstructive pneumonia. Bronchoscopic examination revealed a polypoid tumor filling the left main bronchus. The tumor was partially resected by a snaring procedure for diagnostic purposes. Microscopic examination revealed a submucosal tumor located underneath normal bronchial epithelium. The tumor was composed of sheets of uniform oval to cuboidal cells encompassing numerous blood vessels. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells exhibited smooth muscle markers, but were negative for neuroendocrine markers...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Michael Michal, Alena Skálová, Dmitry V Kazakov, Květoslava Pecková, Filip Heidenreich, Petr Grossmann, Michal Michal
We report a tumor arising in the middle ear of a 65-year-old female patient that was composed of an ovarian-type stroma (OS) and an epithelial component. The tumor consisted of irregular, polypoid masses containing multiple variably sized cystic spaces which were invariably surrounded by the OS. The cystic spaces were lined by flat, cuboidal or columnar epithelial cells, in most parts showing mucinous differentiation. The epithelial lining of the cysts strongly expressed cytokeratins AE1-3, CK7, CK8, CK18, CK19, EMA and S100 protein...
October 13, 2016: Human Pathology
Arzu Ozcan Akcal, Kerim Ünal, Tahsin Gorgulu, Mehmet Akif Akcal, Zekiye Bigat
In this report we present two cases of gunshot injury related midfoot defects, reconstructed with a chimeric partial scapula and latissimus dorsi muscle flap and short perforator-based skin flap. The first case, a 14 years old male, had 10 × 8 cm medial plantar and 6 × 4 cm dorsal foot defects and the second case, a 55 years old female, had only 8 × 6 cm dorsal foot defect. In both cases the defects were associated with fractures, one with lateral cuneiform and cuboid with 90% bone loss and the other with navicular bone, respectively...
October 2016: Microsurgery
Junhao Lin, Leyre Gomez, Chris de Weerd, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Kazutomo Suenaga
We investigate the variation of the bandgap energy of single quantum dots of CsPbBr3 inorganic halide perovskite as a function of size and shape, and upon embedding within an ensemble. For that purpose, we make use of valence-loss electron spectroscopy with Z-contrast annular dark-field (ADF) imaging in a state-of-the-art low-voltage monochromatic scanning transmission electron microscope. In the experiment, energy absorption is directly mapped onto individual quantum dots, whose dimensions and location are simultaneously measured to the highest precision...
October 13, 2016: Nano Letters
Liang Zhu, Huanming Xia, Zhenfeng Wang, Eliza Li Shan Fong, Junjun Fan, Wen Hao Tong, Yen Peng Daphne Seah, Weian Zhang, Qiushi Li, Hanry Yu
Although hepatocytes in vivo experience intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), pressure is typically not incorporated in hepatocyte culture systems. The cuboidal cell shape and extent of intercellular contact between cultured hepatocytes are critical parameters that influence the differentiated hepatic phenotype. Using a microfluidic device, the application of pressure to artificially compact cells and forge cell-cell interactions was previously demonstrated to be effective in accelerating hepatic repolarization. In seeking to implement this approach to higher throughput culture platforms for potential drug screening applications, we specifically designed a vertical-flow compaction bioreactor array (VCBA) that compacts hepatocytes within the range of IAP and portal pressure in vivo in a multi-well setup...
October 5, 2016: Lab on a Chip
M D Gilchrist, D MacManus, J G Murphy, B Pierrat
In order to avoid the numerical difficulties in locally enforcing the incompressibility constraint using the displacement formulation of the Finite Element Method, slight compressibility is typically assumed when simulating the mechanical response of arterial tissue. The current standard method of accounting for slight compressibility of hyperelastic soft tissue assumes an additive decomposition of the strain-energy function into a volumetric and a deviatoric part. This has been shown, however, to be inconsistent with the linear theory and results in cubes retaining their cuboid shape under hydrostatic tension and compression, which seems at variance with the reinforcement of arterial tissue with two families of collagen fibres...
October 6, 2016: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Meeta Pathak, O K Olstad, Liv Drolsum, Morten C Moe, Natalia Smorodinova, Sarka Kalasova, Katerina Jirsova, Bjørn Nicolaissen, Agate Noer
Patients with limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) often experience pain and photophobia due to recurrent epithelial defects and chronic inflammation of the cornea. Successfully restoring a healthy corneal surface in these patients by transplantation of ex vivo expanded human limbal epithelial cells (LECs) may alleviate these symptoms and significantly improve their quality of life. The clinical outcome of transplantation is known to be influenced by the quality of transplanted cells. Presently, several different protocols for cultivation and transplantation of LECs are in use...
October 1, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Lluis Balcells, Carlos Martinez-Boubeta, José Cisneros-Fernandez, Konstantinos Simeonidis, Bernat Bozzo, Judith Oró-Sole, Núria Bagués, Jordi Arbiol, Narcis Mestres, Benjamin Martinez
We report on the fabrication of hollow iron oxide nanoparticles with large surface to volume ratio by a single step gas condensation process at ambient temperature. Fe clusters formed during the sputtering process are progressively transformed into hollow cuboids with oxide shells, at the expense of oxygen captured inside the deposition chamber by the Kirkendall mechanism. TEM and Raman spectroscopy techniques strongly indicate that magnetite is the main component of the nanocuboids, however the magnetic behavior exhibited by the samples suggests the presence of FeO as well...
October 4, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yin-Kai Chao, Ta-Lun Peng, Wen-Yu Chuang, Chi-Ju Yeh, Yan-Liang Li, Ya-Ching Lu, Ann-Joy Cheng
Background: To characterize the potential function and clinical significance of Transketolase (TKT) in esophageal cancer. Methods: High invasive esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell line CE48T/VGH was used. Cellular functions in response to TKT modulation were examined, including cell growth, migration and invasion. The underlying molecules involved in the TKT regulatory mechanism were determined by western blot and confocal microscopic analysis. Clinically, TKT expressions in 76 ESCC patients were assessed by immunohistochemical (IHC) method, and the association with treatment outcome was determined...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Wen-Ta Li, Hui-Wen Chang, Chian-Ren Jeng, Chen-Hsuan Liu, Fun-In Wang, Li-Jen Chang, Victor Fei Pang
An ~21-year-old female Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) died spontaneously following a lengthy episode of difficulty in walking. An ~6 × 3 × 3 cm, unilocular cystic growth was found in the cranioventral thorax. The fibrotic cystic wall, lined by a single layer of flattened to cuboidal epithelial cells, was invaginated and partially encircled solid masses of fusiform neoplastic cells with multiple intratumoral cystic structures. The fusiform neoplastic cells were intensely positive for cytokeratin (CK) and partially positive for α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin, but negative for thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE)...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez, Yohei Honkura, Yukio Katori, Gen Murakami, Hiroshi Abe
The existence of hard tissue pulleys that act to change the direction of a muscle insertion tendon is well known in the human body. These include (1) the trochlea for the extraocular obliquus superior muscle, (2) the pterygoid hamulus for the tensor veli palatini muscle, (3) the deep sulcus on the plantar aspect of the cuboid bone for the peroneus longus tendon, (4) the lesser sciatic notch for the obturator internus muscle, and (5) the bony trochleariformis process for the tensor tympani muscle tendon. In addition, (6) the stapedius muscle tendon shows a lesser or greater angulation at the pyramidal eminence of the temporal bone...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Kohei Matsumoto, Hiroya Ueyama, Kenshi Matsumoto, Yoichi Akazawa, Hiroyuki Komori, Tsutomu Takeda, Takashi Murakami, Daisuke Asaoka, Mariko Hojo, Natsumi Tomita, Akihito Nagahara, Yoshiaki Kajiyama, Takashi Yao, Sumio Watanabe
AIM: To investigate clinicopathological features of early stage gastric cancer with enteroblastic differentiation (GCED). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated data on 6 cases of early stage GCED and 186 cases of early stage conventional gastric cancer (CGC: well or moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma) who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection or endoscopic mucosal resection from September 2011 to February 2015 in our hospital. GCED was defined as a tumor having a primitive intestine-like structure composed of cuboidal or columnar cells with clear cytoplasm and immunohistochemical positivity for either alpha-fetoprotein, Glypican 3 or SALL4...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Kristen Zhelnin, Yue Xue, Brian Quigley, Michelle D Reid, Hyejeong Choi, Bahar Memis, Volkan Adsay, Alyssa M Krasinskas
Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) can occur in the pancreas and liver. Classically, these cystic lesions are lined by columnar mucinous epithelium with underlying ovarian-type stroma. It has been proposed that cysts with ovarian-type stroma and nonmucinous epithelium be considered separate entities in both the pancreas and liver. Using a series of 104 pancreatic and 32 hepatic cases, we aimed to further characterize the epithelium present in MCNs. Mucinous epithelium was defined as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia-like columnar cells with pale pink/clear apical mucin...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Jose Ángel Pino-Chamorro, Yuliya A Laricheva, Eva Guillamón, M Jesús Fernández-Trujillo, Andrés G Algarra, Artem L Gushchin, Pavel A Abramov, Emilio Bustelo, Rosa Llusar, Maxim N Sokolov, Manuel G Basallote
Treatment of the triangular [Mo3S4Cl3(dbbpy)3]Cl cluster ([1]Cl) with CuCl produces a novel tetrametallic cuboidal cluster [Mo3(CuCl)S4Cl3(dbbpy)3][CuCl2] ([2][CuCl2]), whose crystal structure was determined by X-ray diffraction (dbbpy = 4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine). This species, which contains two distinct types of Cu(I), is the first example of a diimine-functionalized heterometallic M3M'S4 cluster. Kinetics studies on both the formation of the cubane from the parent trinuclear cluster and its dissociation after treatment with halides, supported by NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry, and density functional theory calculations, are provided...
October 3, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Tadashi Itoh, Mifumi Kawabe, Takahiko Nagase, Katsumi Endo, Masafumi Miyoshi, Kazuro Miyahara
The body surface area (BSA) of an organism is an important parameter for evaluating physiological functions. In drug development, normalization by BSA is an appropriate method for extrapolating doses between species. The BSA of animals has generally been estimated by multiplying a constant by the power of the body weight (BW). Recently, the use of miniature pigs in non-clinical studies for medical drugs or devices has gradually been increasing. However, verification of their BSA is not as yet sufficient. In this study, we measured the BSAs of 40 laboratory miniature pigs (11 males and 9 females of Göttingen minipig and 14 males and 6 females of Nippon Institute for Biological Science [NIBS] miniature pig) by analyzing computed tomography (CT) images, since measurements using a CT scanner were expected to more precisely determine BSA than classical measuring techniques...
2016: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Maryam Ali, VijayKrishna Raghunathan, Jennifer Y Li, Christopher J Murphy, Sara M Thomasy
The posterior face of the cornea consists of the corneal endothelium, a monolayer of cuboidal cells that secrete and attach to Descemet's membrane, an exaggerated basement membrane. Dysfunction of the endothelium compromises the barrier and pump functions of this layer that maintain corneal deturgesence. A large number of corneal endothelial dystrophies feature irregularities in Descemet's membrane, suggesting that cells create and respond to the biophysical signals offered by their underlying matrix. This review provides an overview of the bidirectional relationship between Descemet's membrane and the corneal endothelium...
September 14, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Anna Caliò, John N Eble, David J Grignon, Brett Delahunt
Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is an uncommon complex neoplasm, and previous studies have included only a modest number of cases and have left gaps in our understanding of its morphology. We analyzed 53 tumors (46 F, median age: 49 y), collecting data on gross, histologic, and immunohistochemical features. The most common gross appearance was solid and cystic (47%). Hypocellular fibrous and cellular spindle cell stroma were the most common stromal types, followed by smooth muscle differentiation, edematous stroma, and adipose tissue...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Tilo D Schachel, Haidy Metwally, Vlad Popa, Lars Konermann
Infusion of NaCl solutions into an electrospray ionization (ESI) source produces [Na(n+1)Cl n ](+) and other gaseous clusters. The n = 4, 13, 22 magic number species have cuboid ground state structures and exhibit elevated abundance in ESI mass spectra. Relatively few details are known regarding the mechanisms whereby these clusters undergo collision-induced dissociation (CID). The current study examines to what extent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can be used to garner insights into the sequence of events taking place during CID...
November 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
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