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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722102/expression-of-cd34-and-cd146-vascular-markers-contributes-to-the-immunological-function-of-the-human-palatine-tonsil
#1
Marko Jović, Verica Avramović, Predrag Vlahović, Aleksandra Veličkov, Vladimir Petrović
The fundamental function of the palatine tonsil is the immune response to airborne and foodborne pathogenic agents. Small blood vessels have an important role in the provision of a special microenvironment in which the immune response occurs. In this study, we investigated the expression of vascular markers CD34 and CD146 and basal lamina marker - type IV collagen - in the small blood vessels of the human palatine tonsil in the context of their role in the immunological function of the tonsil. The tonsils were collected after tonsillectomy from ten patients with chronic tonsillitis, aged 18-28 years...
July 19, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721518/illusory-visual-depth-reversal-can-modulate-sensations-of-contact-surface
#2
Yuka Igarashi, Keiko Omori, Tetsuya Arai, Yasunori Aizawa
To perceive the external world stably, humans must integrate and manage continuous streams of information from various sensory modalities, in addition to drawing on past experiences and knowledge. In this study, we introduce a novel visuo-tactile illusion elicited by a visual-depth-reversal stimulus. The stimulus (a model of a building) was constructed so as to produce the same retinal image as an opaque cuboid, although it actually consisted of only three PVC boards forming a three-dimensional corner with the hollow inside facing the observer...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719468/etv6-gene-rearrangements-characterize-a-morphologically-distinct-subset-of-sinonasal-low-grade-non-intestinal-type-adenocarcinoma-a-novel-translocation-associated-carcinoma-restricted-to-the-sinonasal-tract
#3
Simon Andreasen, Alena Skálová, Abbas Agaimy, Justin A Bishop, Jan Laco, Ilmo Leivo, Alessandro Franchi, Stine R Larsen, Daiva Erentaite, Benedicte P Ulhøi, Christian von Buchwald, Linea C Melchior, Michal Michal, Katalin Kiss
Low-grade sinonasal adenocarcinomas (low-grade SNACs) of the sinonasal tract comprise a poorly characterized and histologically heterogeneous group of tumors. We describe three cases of a histologically distinct variant of low-grade SNAC characterized by ETV6 gene rearrangements. The patients included 2 women (aged 32 and 88 y) and a man (aged 75 y); all were initially treated with surgery alone. Follow-up ranged from 9 to 170 months with one patient having 2 local recurrences and none experiencing distant or regional metastases...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698608/wall-slipping-behavior-of-foam-with-nanoparticle-armored-bubbles-and-its-flow-resistance-factor-in-cracks
#4
Qichao Lv, Zhaomin Li, Binfei Li, Maen Husein, Dashan Shi, Chao Zhang, Tongke Zhou
In this work, wall slipping behavior of foam with nanoparticle-armored bubbles was first studied in a capillary tube and the novel multiphase foam was characterized by a slipping law. A crack model with a cuboid geometry was then used to compare with the foam slipping results from the capillary tube and also to evaluate the flow resistance factor of the foam. The results showed that the slipping friction force F FR in the capillary tube significantly increased by addition of modified SiO2 nanoparticles, and an appropriate power law exponents by fitting F FR vs...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696981/cuboid-syndrome-whip-it-good
#5
Christine Martin, Ashley Zapf, Daniel C Herman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696514/modulation-of-lateral-positions-of-bragg-peaks-via-magnetic-fields-inside-cancer-patients-towards-magnetic-field-modulated-proton-therapy
#6
Wencheng Shao, Xiaobin Tang, Yanling Bai, Changran Geng, Diyun Shu, Chunhui Gong, Da Chen
PURPOSE: This work investigated whether the Bragg peak (BP) positions of proton beams can be modulated to produce uniform doses and cover a tumor under the magnetic fields inside cancer patients, and whether magnetic field modulated proton therapy (MMPT) is effective in vital organ protection. METHODS: The authors initially constructed an ideal water phantom comprising a central tumor surrounded by cuboid organ regions using GEANT4. Second, we designed the proton beams passing through the gap between two adjacent organ regions during beam configuration...
July 11, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693353/injury-characteristics-of-low-energy-lisfranc-injuries-compared-with-high-energy-injuries
#7
Christopher H Renninger, Grant Cochran, Trevor Tompane, Joseph Bellamy, Kevin Kuhn
BACKGROUND: Lisfranc injuries result from high- and low-energy mechanisms though the literature has been more focused on high-energy mechanisms. A comparison of high-energy (HE) and low-energy (LE) injury patterns is lacking. The objective of this study was to report injury patterns in LE Lisfranc joint injuries and compare them to HE injury patterns. METHODS: Operative Lisfranc injuries were identified over a 5-year period. Patient demographics, mechanism of injury, injury pattern, associated injuries, missed diagnoses, clinical course, and imaging studies were reviewed and compared...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687094/angular-limb-deformities-growth-augmentation
#8
REVIEW
José M García-López
Angular limb deformities are seen in young foals and are defined as lateral or medial deviations of the limb in the frontal plane distal to a particular joint. Several factors can contribute to the development of an angular limb deformity. Early assessment of the level of ossification of the cuboidal bones is critical to avoid complications long term. Although most deviations self-correct with minimal intervention other than modifications in exercise and hoof trimming, some require surgical intervention in the form of growth acceleration or retardation...
August 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685445/a-new-method-based-on-graphics-processing-units-for-fast-near-infrared-optical-tomography
#9
Jingjing Jiang, Linda Ahnen, Alexander Kalyanov, Scott Lindner, Martin Wolf, Salvador Sanchez Majos
The accuracy of images obtained by Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT) could be substantially increased by the newly developed time resolved (TR) cameras. These devices result in unprecedented data volumes, which present a challenge to conventional image reconstruction techniques. In addition, many clinical applications require taking photons in air regions like the trachea into account, where the diffusion model fails. Image reconstruction techniques based on photon tracking are mandatory in those cases but have not been implemented so far due to computing demands...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681216/preparation-and-characterization-of-maghemite-nanoparticles-from-mild-steel-for-magnetically-guided-drug-therapy
#10
Nitesh Kumar, Kaustubh Kulkarni, Laxmidhar Behera, Vivek Verma
Maghemite (γ-Fe 2 O 3) nanoparticles for therapeutic applications are prepared from mild steel but the existing synthesis technique is very cumbersome. The entire process takes around 100 days with multiple steps which lack proper understanding. In the current work, maghemite nanoparticles of cuboidal and spheroidal morphologies were prepared from mild steel chips by a novel cost effective oil reduction technique for magnetically guided intravascular drug delivery. The technique developed in this work yields isometric sized γ-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles in 6 h with higher saturation magnetization as compared to the existing similar solid state synthesis route...
August 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679080/renal-cystic-adenocarcinoma-in-a-flowerhorn-fish-with-metastatic-involvement-of-the-spleen
#11
Hooman Rahmati-Holasoo, Sara Shokrpoor, Majid Masoudifard, HosseinAli Ebrahimzadeh Mousavi, Ali Haddadi, Amir Tavakkoli
A 480 g flowerhorn fish hybrid cichlid with severe bilateral abdominal swelling, bulla-like structures on the skin, bilateral exophthalmia and prolapsed intestine was presented. Radiographs showed a compression of the posterior part of swim bladder and abdominal distention. Ultrasonography of visceral organs showed a heterogenous mass with hypo to anechoic polycystic parenchyma and free fluid in abdominal cavity. At necropsy free fluid in the abdominal cavity and a large polycystic mass, originating from the posterior kidney, was observed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663083/brunner-s-gland-cyst-a-clinicopathological-study-of-25-cases-highlighting-an-underappreciated-lesion
#12
Ian S Brown, Gregory C Miller
Brunner's gland cysts are rare, benign lesions of the duodenum usually seen as incidental, polypoid or cystic lesions of the duodenum. We present a series of 25 cases of Brunner's gland cyst, the largest case series to date. All the cases were identified during endoscopic assessment for unrelated causes. The mean age of the patients was 66.2 years and the sex ratio was approximately equal. Most were detected as a small (3-10 mm) polypoid lesion in the second part of the duodenum, away from the ampulla. Most of the cysts were unilocular and all were lined by undulating, cytologically bland cuboidal to columnar cells with clear cytoplasm and small, basal nuclei...
June 26, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658792/serous-microcystic-adenoma-of-pancreas-a-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india
#13
K Rajasree Varma, Saji Francis, P P Sathi, C Saikiran Reddy
Serous microcystic adenoma is a rare exocrine tumour of the cystic neoplasm of pancreas seen predominantly in the elderly population. The first patient was a 56-year-old diabetic woman with abdominal pain, constipation and loss of weight since two months. The second patient was a 73-year-old female with complaints of abdominal pain and back pain since one year. The third patient was a 72-year-old diabetic man with complaints of burning sensation in the right lumbar region since two months. Clinical and laboratory examinations were normal...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658296/ultrastructural-analysis-of-salivary-glands-in-a-phytophagous-stink-bug-revealed-the-presence-of-unexpected-muscles
#14
Nathaly Castellanos, Luis C Martínez, Eder H Silva, Adenir V Teodoro, José Eduardo Serrão, Eugênio E Oliveira
The exceptional abilities of stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to colonize a diverse group of plants have been attributed to the feeding behaviors and the functions of the salivary complex of these insects. Here, we describe the ultrastructure of the salivary glands of the Neotropical brown stink bug, Euschistus heros, which is a major component of the pentatomid pest complex on soybeans, Glycine max, in the neotropics. Our results revealed a salivary gland complex consisting of two lobes (i.e., anterior and posterior), with a constriction between them (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651491/manifestation-of-osteoblastic-phenotypes-in-the-sarcomatous-component-of-epithelial-carcinoma-and-sarcomatoid-carcinoma
#15
Yasutoshi Takashima, Teppei Murakami, Takao Inoue, Man Hagiyama, Azusa Yoneshige, Syunji Nishimura, Masao Akagi, Akihiko Ito
Epithelial carcinomas occasionally have sarcomatous components that consist primarily of spindle and cuboidal cells, which often resemble osteoblasts. Sarcomatoid carcinomas consist of similar cells. Recent studies have characterized these phenomena as a manifestation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in carcinoma cells, but the mesenchymal phenotypes that manifest in sarcomatous cells of epithelial carcinomas are not well understood. Here, we examined the expression profiles of four osteoblastic differentiation biomarkers in the sarcomatous components of multiple carcinoma types, including five renal clear cell, four breast invasive ductal, two esophageal, one maxillary squamous cell, three larynx, three lung, one liver, and one skin sarcomatoid carcinoma...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644668/strong-light-matter-interactions-in-single-open-plasmonic-nanocavities-at-the-quantum-optics-limit
#16
Renming Liu, Zhang-Kai Zhou, Yi-Cong Yu, Tengwei Zhang, Hao Wang, Guanghui Liu, Yuming Wei, Huanjun Chen, Xue-Hua Wang
Reaching the quantum optics limit of strong light-matter interactions between a single exciton and a plasmon mode is highly desirable, because it opens up possibilities to explore room-temperature quantum devices operating at the single-photon level. However, two challenges severely hinder the realization of this limit: the integration of single-exciton emitters with plasmonic nanostructures and making the coupling strength at the single-exciton level overcome the large damping of the plasmon mode. Here, we demonstrate that these two hindrances can be overcome by attaching individual J aggregates to single cuboid Au@Ag nanorods...
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642650/epidemiological-study-on-lisfranc-injuries
#17
Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Guilherme Honda Saito, Marcos Hideyo Sakaki, Pedro Augusto Pontin, Alexandre Leme Godoy Dos Santos, Túlio Diniz Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of patients with Lisfranc injuries and their associated fractures . METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis on 42 patients with Lisfranc injuries hospitalized at Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, between 2006 and 2010. Parameters on patient profile, risk factors, fracture characteristics, data on treatment and acute complications were analyzed ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641409/citric-acid-modulated-growth-of-oriented-lead-perovskite-crystals-for-efficient-solar-cells
#18
Yunlong Guo, Wataru Sato, Kazutaka Shoyama, Henry Halim, Yuki Itabashi, Rui Shang, Eiichi Nakamura
Solar cells made of lead perovskite crystals have attracted much attention for their high performance, but far less attention as a subject of crystal engineering. Here, we report that citric acid (CA) and chloride anion, working together, modulate crystal growth of CH3NH3PbI3, producing sub-mm-sized cuboid crystals-a morphology more suitable for close packing in a thin film than the commonly observed elongated dodecahedral morphology. By using a 15 wt % CA-doped precursor solution, we formed a single layer of large, flat, and oriented cuboid crystals with minimum crystal domain boundaries and maximum contact with neighboring layers, and fabricated an archetypal inverted-structured device of 4 mm(2) area, which showed, reproducibly and with little hysteresis, 16...
July 5, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639372/syntheses-structures-and-solution-studies-of-multi-component-macrocycles-and-cages-based-on-versatile-ligands
#19
Guo-Xin Jin, Ying-Ying Zhang, Wen-Xi Gao, Yue-Jian Lin, Li-Wei Mi
Different types of multinuclear half-sandwich rhodium macrocycles and cages were designed and synthesized by using two similar multifunctional hydroxamate ligands (pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid (NaHL1) and 4,4'-bipyridine-2-hydroxamic acid (KHL2)) featuring one monodentate site and two pairs of chelating sites. The Rh(III)-Pd(II) heterometallic macrocycles were constructed by using the semi-open palladium(II) source (Pd(en)Cl2) with two free acceptor sites. However, only one kind of macrocycle was found when the shorter ligand L1 was used, while in the larger case, various spectroscopic techniques demonstrated that the coexistence of the hexanuclear and octanuclear macrocyles in solution and the proportions of both components depended on concentration and temperature...
June 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636607/three-dimensional-cell-shapes-and-arrangements-in-human-sweat-glands-as-revealed-by-whole-mount-immunostaining
#20
Ryuichiro Kurata, Sugiko Futaki, Itsuko Nakano, Fumitaka Fujita, Atsushi Tanemura, Hiroyuki Murota, Ichiro Katayama, Fumihiro Okada, Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi
Because sweat secretion is facilitated by mechanical contraction of sweat gland structures, understanding their structure-function relationship could lead to more effective treatments for patients with sweat gland disorders such as heat stroke. Conventional histological studies have shown that sweat glands are three-dimensionally coiled tubular structures consisting of ducts and secretory portions, although their detailed structural anatomy remains unclear. To better understand the details of the three-dimensional (3D) coiled structures of sweat glands, a whole-mount staining method was employed to visualize 3D coiled gland structures with sweat gland markers for ductal luminal, ductal basal, secretory luminal, and myoepithelial cells...
2017: PloS One
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