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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904797/preseason-jump-and-hop-measures-in-male-collegiate-basketball-players-an-epidemiologic-report
#1
Jason Brumitt, Amy Engilis, Dale Isaak, Amy Briggs, Alma Mattocks
BACKGROUND: Injuries are inherent in basketball with lower extremity (LE) injury rates reported as high as 11.6 per 1000 athletic exposures (AEs); many of these injuries result in time loss from sport participation. A recent trend in sports medicine research has been the attempt to identify athletes who may be at risk for injury based on measures of preseason fitness. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine if the standing long jump (SLJ) and/or the single-leg hop (SLH) for distance functional performance tests (FPT) are associated with non-contact time loss lower quadrant (LQ, defined as lower extremities or low back) injury in collegiate male basketball players...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900583/does-elite-sport-degrade-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Luke Gupta, Kevin Morgan, Sarah Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Information on sleep quality and insomnia symptomatology among elite athletes remains poorly systematised in the sports science and medicine literature. The extent to which performance in elite sport represents a risk for chronic insomnia is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to profile the objective and experienced characteristics of sleep among elite athletes, and to consider relationships between elite sport and insomnia symptomatology...
November 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899345/ethics-of-genetic-testing-and-research-in-sport-a-position-statement-from-the-australian-institute-of-sport
#3
Nicole Vlahovich, Peter A Fricker, Matthew A Brown, David Hughes
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent identification. Athletes and coaches should be discouraged from using direct-to-consumer genetic testing because of its lack of validation and replicability and the lack of involvement of a medical practitioner in the process...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845297/pain-perception-in-athletes-a-brief-review
#4
L Kakiashvili, M Tsagareli, D Mjavanadze, I Kvachadze
Pain is almost synonymous with sport. For many athletes, pain is a normal everyday experience and success is often achieved in spite of pain. However, pain can restrict the ability to concentrate on performance and take away the opportunity to compete. It can even end sporting careers. Therefore, the relationship between pain and sport is filled with challenges for athletes. One consequence and response that sport researchers have focused on is the pain associated with injury. Sport medicine professionals have directed the major part of their research and rehabilitation attention towards the physical recovery, but psychological factors are also very important for injured athletes...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825179/-manubriosternal-synchondrosis-a%C3%A2-rare%C3%A2-problem%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-sports%C3%A2-medicine
#5
A Rist, G Willscheid, H Rasch, J Paul
Non-traumatic, inflammatory and painful lesions of the manubriosternal joint are rare pathologies and, to our knowledge, have not been described in the literature of sports medicine. We report the case of a 30-year-old male strength athlete who developed chronic pain in the manubriosternal joint after exercise. Four-month abstinence from exercise combined with a conservative rehabilitation program performed after clinical and radiological tests did not bring any symptomatic relief. After a local ultrasound-guided single-shot sclerotherapy procedure performed in our clinic, the patient was free of symptoms and quickly regained his ability to exercise...
November 8, 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811516/ankle-injuries-in-the-pediatric-athlete
#6
John B Erickson, Walter P Samora, Kevin E Klingele
Foot and ankle injuries are the second most common reason for young athletes to present to a primary care physician, and account for up to 30% of visits to sports medicine clinics in this population. Heightened performance expectations placed on today's young athletes have led to intense training and competition demands. With increasing rates of sport participation among children and adolescents, it is important for treating physicians to have an understanding of the evaluation and management of ankle injuries seen in the pediatric athlete...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806673/sprint-performance-and-mechanical-outputs-computed-with-an-iphone-app-comparison-with-existing-reference-methods
#7
Natalia Romero-Franco, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes, Adrián Castaño-Zambudio, Fernando Capelo-Ramírez, Juan José Rodríguez-Juan, Jorge González-Hernández, Francisco Javier Toscano-Bendala, Víctor Cuadrado-Peñafiel, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández
The purpose of this study was to assess validity and reliability of sprint performance outcomes measured with an iPhone application (named: MySprint) and existing field methods (i.e. timing photocells and radar gun). To do this, 12 highly trained male sprinters performed 6 maximal 40-m sprints during a single session which were simultaneously timed using 7 pairs of timing photocells, a radar gun and a newly developed iPhone app based on high-speed video recording. Several split times as well as mechanical outputs computed from the model proposed by Samozino et al...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796913/self-administration-of-medicines-and-dietary-supplements-among-female-amateur-runners-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#8
Médéa Locquet, Charlotte Beaudart, Robert Larbuisson, Victoria Leclercq, Fanny Buckinx, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Yves Reginster, Olivier Bruyère
INTRODUCTION: Self-administration of medicines or dietary supplements without any physician's advice is a widespread behavior and appears to be more frequently practiced by women. Moreover, reasons to self-administer products are often pains and injuries especially among athletes who might also use remedies to improve physical performance. The objective of this study was thus to assess the prevalence of self-administration of medicines and dietary supplements as well as its determinants among female amateur runners...
October 31, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783572/the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-pediatric-back-outcome-measure
#9
James P MacDonald, Pierre A dʼHemecourt, Lyle J Micheli
OBJECTIVE: Young athletes not uncommonly complain of back pain. Many patient-reported outcome measures are used to evaluate back pain, but none have been designed specifically to assess young, athletic patients. The Micheli Functional Scale (MFS) was developed to measure impairment due to back pain in this population. This study examined the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the MFS used in routine clinical assessments. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755257/measurement-of-functional-capacity-requirements-of-farmers-implications-for-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-program
#10
Shannon Jordan, Justin Karcher, Rebecca Rogers, Kathleen Kennedy, Anne Lawrence, Jenny Adams
PURPOSE: Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693050/circulating-mirna-as-fine-regulators-of-the-physiological-responses-to-physical-activity-pre-analytical-warnings-for-a-novel-class-of-biomarkers
#11
REVIEW
Giovanni Lombardi, Silvia Perego, Veronica Sansoni, Giuseppe Banfi
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by specifically binding the target mRNA and by consequently inducing its degradation. miRNAs can be released into the circulation where they remain stable and they can be measured. Their changes reflect individual biologic adaptation to exposures to specific environmental conditions. As such, measurement of circulating microRNAs represents an opportunity to evaluate biologic changes associated with interventions such as exercise and diet...
December 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660369/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#12
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the centre of the controversy is the addition of a resting ECG to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625762/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disorders-among-iranian-elite-athletes
#13
Shahin Salehi, Farhad Moradi Shahpar, Gholamreza Norouzi, Farshad Ghazalian, Mehrshad Poursaid Esfehani, Amir Hosein Abedi Yekta
BACKGROUND: Athletes' health is an important issue and for promoting it, pre-participation examination (PPE) is widely performed by responsible bodies around the world. OBJECTIVES: This study was to determine prevalence of cardiovascular disorders among athletes participating in the Asian games and answering the question whether the electrocardiogram (ECG) is a necessary part of pre-participation examination (PPE) for prevention of sudden cardiac death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All athletes participated at Asian games came to sports medicine federation for a PPE including a comprehensive questionnaire, physical examination and ECG...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618246/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#14
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598018/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#15
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G OʼConnor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular (CV) screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed before participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for CV screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573090/sports-specialization-and-intensive-training-in-young-athletes
#16
Joel S Brenner
Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successful in reaching specific goals. Young athletes who train intensively, whether specialized or not, can also be at risk of adverse effects on the mind and body. The purpose of this clinical report is to assist pediatricians in counseling their young athlete patients and their parents regarding sports specialization and intensive training...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568074/are-mental-toughness-and-mental-health-contradictory-concepts-in-elite-sport-a-narrative-review-of-theory-and-evidence
#17
Daniel F Gucciardi, Sheldon Hanton, Scott Fleming
OBJECTIVE: Athlete development and management encompass a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors. Within elite sport, multidisciplinary sport science and medicine teams play an important role in achieving an optimal balance between preventing athlete ill-health and optimizing health and performance. The psychological aspects of athlete health and performance have gained increased attention over the past two decades, with much of this research concerned with the mental health of athletes and the concept of mental toughness...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518445/-historical-development-of-drug-testing-in-swiss-equestrian-sports
#18
V Bachmann, B von Salis, A Fürst
The goal of this study was to describe the development of equine drug testing in horses in Switzerland. This was achieved through evaluation of a film made by the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Basel entitled 'Doping von Rennpferden' [Doping of Race Horses], toxicological detection, 1962', the analysis of doping test results of the Swiss Equestrian Federation and by interviewing individuals of various professions who were involved in equine drug testing at the time. The study compares early and modern methods of drug testing and highlights the changes in the attitude of equestrian athletes, horse owners and the general public toward doping in equestrian sports...
April 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497636/protective-effects-of-the-roots-of-angelica-sinensis-on-strenuous-exercise-induced-sports-anemia-in-rats
#19
Chih-Wei Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chi-Chang Huang, Yu-Tse Wu, Mei-Chich Hsu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sports anemia is a persistent and severe problem in athletes owing to strenuous exercise-induced oxidative stress and hepcidin upregulation. The roots of Angelica sinensis (AS), a familiar traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for replenishing blood since antiquity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of ethanolic AS extract in a 4-week study on sports anemia in female Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce anemia, a strenuous exercise protocol consisting of running and swimming was employed with increasing intensity...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451270/gender-differences-in-the-electrocardiogram-screening-of-athletes
#20
Bram B Bessem, Matthijs M C de Bruijn, Wybe W Nieuwland
OBJECTIVES: Gender-related differences are frequently used in medicine. Electrocardiograms are also subject to such differences. This study evaluated gender differences in ECG parameters of young athletes, discussing the possible implications of these differences for ECG criteria used in the cardiovascular screening of young athletes. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014 all the ECGs from the cardiovascular screenings performed at University Sports Medical Centre in Groningen of the student athletes who wanted to participate in a college sports program were collected...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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