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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#1
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715216/sports-related-concussions-in-children-differences-in-care-and-expectations-when-seen-in-an-emergency-department-versus-a-sports-medicine-clinic
#2
Kraigher Allan OʼKeefe, Bradley Beamon, Kori L Brewer, Brock Niceler
OBJECTIVES: Patient and parent expectations can potentially influence management of care. We compared expectations in the diagnosis of concussion between patients who presented to a pediatric emergency department (ED) and those who presented to a sports medicine clinic, and if there was a difference in computed tomography (CT) scans performed. METHODS: Head-injured athletes aged 8 to 18 years presenting to a pediatric ED and a sports medicine clinic were enrolled...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627092/performance-characteristics-of-para-swimmers-how-effective-is-the-swimming-classification-system
#3
REVIEW
Brendan Burkett, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Hannah Jarvis, Daniel Daly, Christiane Mehrkuehler, Marvin Kilian, Luke Hogarth
Swimming is one of the inaugural sports within the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the key difference between the Olympic and Paralympic games being the classification system. The aim of this study was to investigate how effective the current classification system creates clearly differentiated Paralympic competition classes, based on performance time for all swimming strokes and events. Based on the performance characteristics of swimmers within the current classification system, the relationship between impairment and swimming performance is inconsistent, potentially disadvantaging some athletes...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607594/management-of-the-female-athlete-triad
#4
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Miyuki Harada, Osamu Hiraike, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
The female athlete triad (FAT) is defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) as low energy availability (low EA), functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea and osteoporosis. In low EA, lutein dysfunction first develops, followed by anovulation and, subsequently, oligomenorrhea, leading to amenorrhea. Moreover, low estradiol concentrations due to amenorrhea decrease bone mineral density (BMD). In athletes with one of the factors of FAT, the risk of a stress fracture is 2.4-4.9 times higher and may increase the risk of fracture throughout the lifespan...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568244/herbal-medicine-for-sports-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Maha Sellami, Olfa Slimeni, Andrzej Pokrywka, Goran Kuvačić, Lawrence D Hayes, Mirjana Milic, Johnny Padulo
The use of herbal medicinal products and supplements has increased during last decades. At present, some herbs are used to enhance muscle strength and body mass. Emergent evidence suggests that the health benefits from plants are attributed to their bioactive compounds such as Polyphenols, Terpenoids, and Alkaloids which have several physiological effects on the human body. At times, manufacturers launch numerous products with banned ingredient inside with inappropriate amounts or fake supplement inducing harmful side effect...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564843/upper-extremity-functional-performance-tests-reference-values-for-overhead-athletes
#6
Dorien Borms, Ann Cools
This study aimed to provide an age, gender and sport-based normative database for three functional shoulder tests: Y Balance Test - Upper Quarter (YBT-UQ), Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability Test (CKCUEST), and Seated Medicine Ball Throw (SMBT). A second aim was to discuss gender, age and sports differences. Finally, correlation between tests was evaluated. Overhead athletes (106 male, 100 female) between 18 and 50 years old and from three different sports (volleyball, tennis, handball) performed all functional tests...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536023/male-sex-decreased-activity-level-and-higher-bmi-associated-with-lower-completion-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-acl-reconstruction
#8
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Philip Locker, Annabelle Davey, Kevin C Wang, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole
Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys have become increasingly important in both improving patient care and assessing outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables are associated with compliance with completing PRO surveys in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The authors hypothesized that older patient age and longer time since ACLR would be associated with lower completion rates of PRO surveys preoperatively and at postoperative time points...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532331/athlete-s-heart-and-left-heart-disease
#9
Cesare de Gregorio, Dalia Di Nunzio, Gianluca Di Bella
Physical activity comprises all muscular activities that require energy expenditure. Regular sequence of structured and organized exercise with the specific purpose of improving wellness and athletic performance is defined as a sports activity.Exercise can be performed at various levels of intensity and duration. According to the social context and pathways, it can be recreational, occupational, and competitive. Therefore, the training burden varies inherently and the heart adaptation is challenging.Although a general agreement on the fact that sports practice leads to metabolic, functional and physical benefits, there is evidence that some athletes may be subjected to adverse outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510653/clinical-examination-diagnostic-imaging-and-testing-of-athletes-with-groin-pain-an-evidence-based-approach-to-effective-management
#10
Kristian Thorborg, Michael P Reiman, Adam Weir, Joanne L Kemp, Andreas Serner, Andrea B Mosler, Per HÖlmich
Synopsis Groin pain is common in athletes who participate in multidirectional sports and has traditionally been considered a difficult problem to understand, diagnose, and manage. This may be due to sparse historical focus on this complex region in sports medicine. Until recently, there has been little agreement regarding terminology, definitions, and classification of groin pain in athletes. This has made clear communication between clinicians difficult, and the results of research difficult to interpret and implement into practice...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421823/-what-do-we-know-about-osteitis-pubis-in-athletes
#11
Jens Kelm, Oliver Ludwig, Jan André, Stefan Maas, Sascha Hopp
BACKGROUND:  Osteitis pubis is a common cause of chronic groin pain. Due to high clinical uncertainty and varying etiopathology, the diagnosis is often delayed. Especially athletes suffer from this disease, but patients with orthopaedic, traumatological, neurological, urological, gynaecological, and rheumatic complaints can also be affected. Osteitis pubis can be treated by conservative as well as surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  Systematic literature research, descriptive presentation of the studies, and interpretation of evidence-based medicine results...
February 8, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420437/objectively-differentiating-movement-patterns-between-elite-and-novice-athletes
#12
Gwyneth B Ross, Brittany Dowling, Nikolaus F Troje, Steven L Fischer, Ryan B Graham
INTRODUCTION: Movement screens are frequently used to identify abnormal movement patterns that may increase risk of injury or hinder performance. Abnormal patterns are often detected visually based on the observations of a coach or clinician. Quantitative, or data-driven methods can increase objectivity, remove issues related to inter-rater reliability and offer the potential to detect new and important features that may not be observable by the human eye. Applying principal components analysis (PCA) to whole-body motion data may provide an objective data-driven method to identify unique and statistically important movement patterns, an important first step to objectively characterize optimal patterns or identify abnormalities...
February 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276071/enhancement-of-force-patterns-classification-based-on-gaussian-distributions
#13
Thomas Ertelt, Ilja Solomonovs, Thomas Gronwald
Description of the patterns of ground reaction force is a standard method in areas such as medicine, biomechanics and robotics. The fundamental parameter is the time course of the force, which is classified visually in particular in the field of clinical diagnostics. Here, the knowledge and experience of the diagnostician is relevant for its assessment. For an objective and valid discrimination of the ground reaction force pattern, a generic method, especially in the medical field, is absolutely necessary to describe the qualities of the time-course...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233376/a-pharmacy-student-s-role-as-a-teaching-assistant-in-an-undergraduate-medicinal-chemistry-course-implementation-evaluation-and-unexpected-opportunities-for-educational-outreach
#14
Matthew J DellaVecchia, Alyssa M Claudio, Jamie L Fairclough
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe 1) a pharmacy student's teaching assistant (TA) role in an undergraduate medicinal chemistry course, 2) an active learning module co-developed by the TA and instructor, and 3) the unexpected opportunities for pharmacy educational outreach that resulted from this collaboration. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Medicinal Chemistry (CHM3413) is an undergraduate course offered each fall at Palm Beach Atlantic University (PBA). As a TA for CHM3413, a pharmacy student from the Gregory School of Pharmacy (GSOP) at PBA co-developed and implemented an active learning module emphasizing foundational medicinal chemistry concepts as they pertain to performance enhancing drugs (PEDs)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214921/heteropterys-tomentosa-a-juss-toxicological-and-adaptogenic-effects-in-experimental-models
#15
Géssica Alves Fraga, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Emilly Della Pascqua, Ruberlei Godinho de Oliveira, Guilherme Botelho, Eduarda Pavan, Thiago da Rosa Lima, Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Clarissa de Medeiros Amorim Krueger, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
BACKGROUND: The constant pursuit of improved athletic performance characterizes high-performance sport and the use of medicinal plants as dietary supplements is becoming widespread among athletes to enhance long-term endurance performance. AIM: The present study evaluated the toxicity of Heteropterys tomentosa (HEHt) and its acute adaptogenic effects. METHODS: The in vitro safety profile was evaluated on CHO-k1 cells using the alamar Blue assay, at concentrations ranging from 3...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172647/clinical-utility-of-the-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-3-scat3-tandem-gait-test-in-high-school-athletes
#16
Ashley Santo, Robert C Lynall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik
CONTEXT:   Dynamic balance during functional movement may provide important clinical information after concussion. The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, version 3 (SCAT3), includes a timed tandem-gait test (heel-to-toe walking) administered with a pass-fail scoring system. Minimal evidence supports inclusion of the tandem-gait test in the SCAT3, especially in high school athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine (1) the percentage of healthy high school athletes who passed (best trial ≤14 seconds) the tandem-gait test at baseline, (2) the association between sex and test performance (pass versus fail), and (3) the relationships among sex, age, height, and tandem-gait test score...
December 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161185/medications-for-sleep-schedule-adjustments-in-athletes
#17
REVIEW
Matthew B Baird, Irfan M Asif
CONTEXT: Sleep schedule adjustments are common requirements of modern-day athletes. Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies exist to facilitate circadian rhythm shifts to maximize alertness and performance during competition. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used pharmacologic agents and presents recommendations for the sports medicine provider. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE searches were performed using the following keywords: sleep aids, circadian rhythm adjustment, athletes and sleep, caffeine and sports, melatonin and athletes, and sleep aids and sports...
January 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158958/the-functional-movement-screen-fms%C3%A2-in-elite-young-soccer-players-between-14-and-20-years-composite-score-individual-test-scores-and-asymmetries
#18
Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Thales Menezes Medeiros, Felipe de Souza Stigger, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
Background: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a widely used seven-test battery used by practitioners working in sport medicine. The FMS™ composite score (sum of seven tests) in soccer athletes from different competitive levels has been well explored in literature, but the specific movement deficits presented by young high competitive level players remains unclear. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to provide a detailed description of the performance of elite young soccer players (age 14-20 years) on the FMS™ testing battery...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112467/meniscectomy-and-resultant-articular-cartilage-lesions-of-the-knee-among-prospective-national-football-league-players-an-imaging-and-performance-analysis
#19
Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Jonathan A Godin, George Sanchez, George F Lebus, James M Whalen, Mark D Price, Nicholas I Kennedy, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: The effect of prior meniscectomy and the resulting reduction in meniscal tissue on a potential National Football League (NFL) player's articular cartilage status and performance remain poorly elucidated. Purpose/Hypothesis: (1) To determine the epidemiology, imaging characteristics, and associated articular cartilage pathology of the knee among players with a previous meniscectomy who were participating in the NFL Combine and (2) to evaluate the effect of these injuries on performance as compared with matched controls...
January 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#20
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
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