keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

environmental illness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633964/sampling-methods-for-recovery-of-human-enteric-viruses-from-environmental-surfaces
#1
REVIEW
Nicole L Turnage, Kristen E Gibson
Acute gastroenteritis causes the second highest infectious disease burden worldwide. Human enteric viruses have been identified as leading causative agents of acute gastroenteritis as well as foodborne illnesses in the U.S. and are generally transmitted by fecal-oral contamination. There is growing evidence of transmission occurring via contaminated fomite including food contact surfaces. Additionally, human enteric viruses have been shown to remain infectious on fomites over prolonged periods of time. To better understand viral persistence, there is a need for more studies to investigate this phenomenon...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625989/rapid-high-throughput-identification-of-anthrax-causing-and-emetic-bacillus-cereus-group-genome-assemblies-using-btyper-a-computational-tool-for-virulence-based-classification-of-bacillus-cereus-group-isolates-using-nucleotide-sequencing-data
#2
Laura M Carroll, Jasna Kovac, Rachel A Miller, Martin Wiedmann
The Bacillus cereus group comprises nine species, several of which are pathogenic. Differentiating between isolates that may cause disease and those that do not is a matter of public health and economic importance, but can be particularly challenging due to the high genomic similarity of the group. To this end, we have developed BTyper, a computational tool that employs a combination of (i) virulence gene-based typing, (ii) multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), (iii) panC clade typing, and (iv) rpoB allelic typing to rapidly classify B...
June 16, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625225/legionella-longbeachae-detected-in-an-industrial-cooling-tower-linked-to-a-legionellosis-outbreak-new-zealand-2015-possible-waterborne-transmission
#3
C N Thornley, D J Harte, R P Weir, L J Allen, K J Knightbridge, P R T Wood
A legionellosis outbreak at an industrial site was investigated to identify and control the source. Cases were identified from disease notifications, workplace illness records, and from clinicians. Cases were interviewed for symptoms and risk factors and tested for legionellosis. Implicated environmental sources were sampled and tested for legionella. We identified six cases with Legionnaires' disease and seven with Pontiac fever; all had been exposed to aerosols from the cooling towers on the site. Nine cases had evidence of infection with either Legionella pneumophila serogroup (sg) 1 or Legionella longbeachae sg1; these organisms were also isolated from the cooling towers...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#4
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620503/general-practice-views-of-managing-childhood-obesity-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-analysis
#5
Jennifer E O'Donnell, Rachel Foskett-Tharby, Paramjit S Gill
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practice staff views of managing childhood obesity in primary care. DESIGN: A qualitative study to elicit the views of clinical and non-clinical general practice staff on managing childhood obesity. SETTING: Interviews were conducted at 30 general practices across England. These practices were interviewed as part of the Quality and Outcomes Framework Pilot Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 52 staff from 30 practices took part in a semi-structured interview...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619165/the-use-of-animals-as-a-surveillance-tool-for-monitoring-environmental-health-hazards-human-health-hazards-and-bioterrorism
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline Pei Shan Neo, Boon Huan Tan
This review discusses the utilization of wild or domestic animals as surveillance tools for monitoring naturally occurring environmental and human health hazards. Besides providing early warning to natural hazards, animals can also provide early warning to societal hazards like bioterrorism. Animals are ideal surveillance tools to humans because they share the same environment as humans and spend more time outdoors than humans, increasing their exposure risk. Furthermore, the biologically compressed lifespans of some animals may allow them to develop clinical signs more rapidly after exposure to specific pathogens...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619007/whole-genome-sequencing-analyses-of-listeria-monocytogenes-that-persisted-in-a-milkshake-machine-for-a-year-and-caused-illnesses-in-washington-state
#7
Zhen Li, Ailyn Pérez-Osorio, Yu Wang, Kaye Eckmann, William A Glover, Marc W Allard, Eric W Brown, Yi Chen
BACKGROUND: In 2015, in addition to a United States multistate outbreak linked to contaminated ice cream, another outbreak linked to ice cream was reported in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. It was a hospital-acquired outbreak linked to milkshakes, made from contaminated ice cream mixes and milkshake maker, served to patients. Here we performed multiple analyses on isolates associated with this outbreak: pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis, species-specific core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST), lineage-specific cgMLST and whole genome-specific MLST (wgsMLST)/outbreak-specific cgMLST...
June 15, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#8
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616666/the-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-intensive-care-units
#9
REVIEW
Heidemarie Abrahamian, Diana Lebherz-Eichinger
Critically ill patients, their relatives, and intensive care staff are consistently exposed to stress. The principal elements of this exceptional burden are confrontation with a life-threatening disease, specific environmental conditions at the intensive care unit, and the social characteristics of intensive care medicine. The short- and long-term consequences of these stressors include a feeling of helplessness, distress, anxiety, depression, and even posttraumatic stress disorders. Not only the patients, but also their relatives and intensive care staff are at risk of developing such psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616489/multistate-outbreak-of-human-salmonella-typhimurium-infections-linked-to-live-poultry-from-agricultural-feed-stores-and-mail-order-hatcheries-united-states-2013
#10
Tara C Anderson, Thai-An Nguyen, Jennifer K Adams, Nancy M Garrett, Cheryl A Bopp, Joe B Baker, Carrie McNeil, Paul Torres, Paul J Ettestad, Matthew M Erdman, Denise L Brinson, Thomas M Gomez, Casey Barton Behravesh
Live poultry-associated salmonellosis is an emerging public health issue in the United States. Public and animal health officials collaborated to investigate one of the largest (356 cases, 39 states) of these outbreaks reported to date. A case was defined as illness in a person infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium with illness onset between 1 March and 22 October 2013. The median patient age was seven years (range: < 1-87 years); 58% of ill persons were children ≤ 10 years, 51% were female, 25% were hospitalized; 189 (76%) of 250 patients reported live poultry exposure in the week before illness; and 149 (95%) of 157 reported purchasing live poultry from agricultural feed stores...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615835/haematological-changes-in-south-indian-fresh-water-murrel-channa-punctatus-have-both-eus-and-a-hydrophila-infection
#11
Koteshwar Rao Podeti, G Benarjee
The mixed infection in fishes is a common feature and in this Pathogens like Bacteria, Fungi and Protozoan's are found together to cause ill health to the fishes known as Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS). In this syndrome the low temperature and aquatic pollution aggravates the infection in fishes. In the present study the fresh water edible fish, Channa punctatus (Murrel) was found infected with the bacteria namely, Aeromonas hydrophila, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella salmonicida...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615472/neuronal-circadian-clock-protein-oscillations-are-similar-in-behaviourally-rhythmic-forager-honeybees-and-in-arrhythmic-nurses
#12
T Fuchikawa, K Beer, C Linke-Winnebeck, R Ben-David, A Kotowoy, V W K Tsang, G R Warman, E C Winnebeck, C Helfrich-Förster, G Bloch
Internal clocks driving rhythms of about a day (circadian) are ubiquitous in animals, allowing them to anticipate environmental changes. Genetic or environmental disturbances to circadian clocks or the rhythms they produce are commonly associated with illness, compromised performance or reduced survival. Nevertheless, some animals including Arctic mammals, open sea fish and social insects such as honeybees are active around-the-clock with no apparent ill effects. The mechanisms allowing this remarkable natural plasticity are unknown...
June 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615263/factors-associated-with-inflammation-in-preschool-children-and-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#13
REVIEW
Rebecca D Merrill, Rachel M Burke, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Pura Rayco-Solon, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary K Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: In many settings, populations experience recurrent exposure to inflammatory agents that catalyze fluctuations in the concentrations of acute-phase proteins and certain micronutrient biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ferritin, and retinol. Few data are available on the prevalence and predictors of inflammation in diverse settings.Objective: We aimed to assess the relation between inflammation (CRP concentration >5 mg/L or AGP concentration >1 g/L) and covariates, such as demographics, reported illness, and anthropometric status, in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#14
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603461/perceptions-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-hispanic-americans-need-for-targeted-messaging
#15
Ozioma Obiwuru, Sarah Joseph, Lihua Liu, Ana Palomeque, Leslie Tarlow, Annette M Langer-Gould, Lilyana Amezcua
BACKGROUND: Illness perceptions have been reported to be important determinants of multiple sclerosis (MS)-related well-being. Hispanic culture is defined by strong cultural beliefs in which illness is often perceived to arise from strong emotions. Understanding the perceptions of MS in Hispanic Americans may provide a better understanding of cultural barriers that may exist. The purpose of this study was to describe Hispanic American perceptions of MS. METHODS: We gathered information from semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant responses from the University of Southern California Hispanic MS Registry...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598348/mortality-from-selected-diseases-that-can-be-transmitted-by-water-united-states-2003-2009
#16
J W Gargano, E A Adam, S A Collier, K E Fullerton, S J Feinman, M J Beach
Diseases spread by water are caused by fecal-oral, contact, inhalation, or other routes, resulting in illnesses affecting multiple body systems. We selected 13 pathogens or syndromes implicated in waterborne disease outbreaks or other well-documented waterborne transmission (acute otitis externa, Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Escherichia coli (E. coli), free-living ameba, Giardia, Hepatitis A virus, Legionella (Legionnaires' disease), nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), Pseudomonas-related pneumonia or septicemia, Salmonella, Shigella, and Vibrio)...
June 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597303/current-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-foodborne-outbreak-cases-and-therapy-development
#17
REVIEW
Shih-Chun Yang, Chih-Hung Lin, Ibrahim A Aljuffali, Jia-You Fang
Food contamination by pathogenic microorganisms has been a serious public health problem and a cause of huge economic losses worldwide. Foodborne pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) contamination, such as that with E. coli O157 and O104, is very common, even in developed countries. Bacterial contamination may occur during any of the steps in the farm-to-table continuum from environmental, animal, or human sources and cause foodborne illness. To understand the causes of the foodborne outbreaks by E. coli and food-contamination prevention measures, we collected and investigated the past 10 years' worldwide reports of foodborne E...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585301/analysis-of-complete-genome-sequence-and-major-surface-antigens-of-neorickettsia-helminthoeca-causative-agent-of-salmon-poisoning-disease
#18
Mingqun Lin, Katherine Bachman, Zhihui Cheng, Sean C Daugherty, Sushma Nagaraj, Naomi Sengamalay, Sandra Ott, Al Godinez, Luke J Tallon, Lisa Sadzewicz, Claire Fraser, Julie C Dunning Hotopp, Yasuko Rikihisa
Neorickettsia helminthoeca, a type species of the genus Neorickettsia, is an endosymbiont of digenetic trematodes of veterinary importance. Upon ingestion of salmonid fish parasitized with infected trematodes, canids develop salmon poisoning disease (SPD), an acute febrile illness that is particularly severe and often fatal in dogs without adequate treatment. We determined and analysed the complete genome sequence of N. helminthoeca: a single small circular chromosome of 884 232 bp encoding 774 potential proteins...
June 6, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583602/effects-of-environmental-temperature-and-season-on-hair-coat-characteristics-physiologic-and-reproductive-parameters-in-shetland%C3%A2-pony-stallions
#19
Kathrin Schmidt, Katharina Deichsel, Rodrigo Arruda de Oliveira, Jörg Aurich, Natascha Ille, Christine Aurich
We hypothesized that housing of stallions in a thermoneutral temperature zone during autumn and winter does not only influence metabolism and hair shedding but also improves the characteristics of raw and processed semen. Fertile Shetland pony stallions were followed from October to June. This time coincided with the seasons autumn, winter and spring. Ponies were kept in outside paddocks (group CON, n = 8) or in indoor stables (group ST, n = 8) from October to March when ST stallions returned to outdoor paddocks, but ponies remained in the same groups...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580865/the-association-between-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-childhood-respiratory-disease-a-review
#20
A Vanker, R P Gie, H J Zar
Childhood respiratory illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality particularly in low and middle-income countries. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is a recognised risk factor for both acute and chronic respiratory illness. Areas covered: The aim of this paper was to review the epidemiology of ETS exposure and impact on respiratory health in children. We conducted a search of 3 electronic databases of publications on ETS and childhood respiratory illness from 1990-2015. Key findings were that up to 70% of children are exposed to ETS globally, but under-reporting may mask the true prevalence...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
keyword
keyword
41665
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"