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Sammy Saab, Cameron Sikavi, Melissa Jimenez, Matthew Viramontes, Ruby Allen, Youssef Challita, Michelle Mai, Negin Esmailzadeh, Jonathan Grotts, Gina Choi, Francisco Durazo, Mohamed El-Kabany, Steven-Huy Han, Elisa Moreno
Background and Aims: Given the increased risk of post-transplant metabolic syndrome (PTMS; defined by hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia), we aimed to identify the potential role of food addiction in the development of metabolic complications in the post-liver transplant population. Methods: Inclusion criteria included adult liver transplant recipients followed at our institution between June 2016 and November 2016. Participants were administered a demographic survey as well as the Yale Food Assessment Scale 2...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
Steven K Huprich, Sharon M Nelson, Kevin B Meehan, Caleb J Siefert, Gregory Haggerty, James Sexton, V Barry Dauphin, Matthew Macaluso, Jennifer Jackson, Rosey Zackula, Lyle Baade
With the introduction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) of a hybrid system of personality disorder assessment, the ability to assess patients' traits, as well as their level of personality functioning, has become increasingly important. To assess this criterion, the DSM-5 Levels of Personality Functioning Questionnaire (DLOPFQ) was developed. The DLOPFQ assesses individuals' self-impairments and other impairments in several domains (self-direction, identity, empathy, and intimacy) and across 2 contexts (work/school and relationships)...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
Joseph Okiria, Leonid N Ten, Su-Jin Park, Seung-Yeol Lee, Dong Hoon Lee, In-Kyu Kang, Dae Sung Lee, Hee-Young Jung
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium, designated 15J9-8T, was isolated from soil on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. The isolate was able to grow between 10 and 30°C, pH 6.5-8.5, and in presence of 0-1% (w/v) NaCl. The results of comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain 15J9-8T represented a member of the family Cytophagaceae, phylum Bacteroidetes, and was most closely related to Spirosoma aerophilum 5516J-17T (96.1% similarity), Spirosoma pulveris JSH5-14T (95...
December 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Sylvia Kristyanto, Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
We conducted a taxonomic study of two algicidal bacteria, designated strains Yeonmyeong 1-13T and Yeonmyeong 1-11, isolated from seawater off Geoje Island in the South Sea, Republic of Korea. The two novel strains were yellow-pigmented, halotolerant, Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria. Both strains were able to grow at 5-39 °C, pH 5.0-10.0 and 0-11 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strains Yeonmyeong 1-13T and Yeonmyeong 1-11 belonged to the genus Stakelama and are closely related to Stakelama pacifica JLT832T (98...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yujie Fang, Yonglu Wang, Zongdong Liu, Binghuai Lu, Hang Dai, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
Two strains, 08MAS2251T and LZ2016-166, were isolated from diverse samples in China collected from the surface of crucian carp and the faeces of a diarrhoea patient, respectively. Both strains were pink-orange coloured, Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, facultative anaerobic and motile bacteria, produced H2S and reduced nitrates to nitrites. Growth occurred in the presence of 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl and at 10-42 °C. The optimum conditions were with 1 % (w/v) NaCl and at 35 °C. The phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that strains 08MAS2251T and LZ2016-166 clustered in a distinctive clade next to the species Shewanella chilikensis JC5T within the genus Shewanella...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Raquel Quintilla, Anna Kolecka, Serge Casaregola, Heide M Daniel, Jos Houbraken, Markus Kostrzewa, Teun Boekhout, Marizeth Groenewald
Since food spoilage by yeasts causes high economic losses, fast and accurate identifications of yeasts associated with food and food-related products are important for the food industry. In this study the efficiency of the matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) to identify food related yeasts was evaluated. A CBS in-house MALDI-TOF MS database was created and later challenged with a blinded test set of 146 yeast strains obtained from food and food related products...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
C Hervochon, V Bourgeois, M Rotharmel, J-B Duboc, B Le Goff, P Quesada, D Campion, S Dollfus, O Guillin
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a disorder affecting 1% of the population and is associated with severe functional impairment. Negative symptoms are responsible for the majority of this impairment, and many patients with schizophrenia have negative symptoms. However, their evaluation is still a challenge. Thus, standardized assessments are needed to facilitate identification of these symptoms. Many tools have been developed, but most are based on observer ratings. Self-evaluation can provide an additional outcome measure and allow patients to be more engaged in their treatment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
Cynthia Maria Chibani, Anja Poehlein, Olivia Roth, Heiko Liesegang, Carolin Charlotte Wendling
Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Vibrio splendidus type strain DSM 19640. V. splendidus is an abundant species among coastal vibrioplankton. The assembly resulted in a 5,729,362-bp draft genome with 5,032 protein-coding sequences, 6 rRNAs, and 117 tRNAs.
November 30, 2017: Genome Announcements
Mariko Takahashi, Kayoko Kabaya, Kenichi Sekiya, Futoshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Sekiya, Shinichi Esaki, Yuji Sato, Akira Inagaki, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is an auditory sensation that can cause discomfort or even pain. Because patients with tinnitus frequently have psychological problems, self-reporting of the severity of tinnitus is unreliable. We developed a new grading system and practical protocol for the systematic treatment of tinnitus that accounts for its severity, patients' psychological problems, and the frequency of catastrophic episodes. The aim of this study is to employ and validate the new system in patients with tinnitus...
November 27, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
David Garcia Nuñez, Soenke Boettger, Rafael Meyer, André Richter, Maria Schubert, David Meagher, Josef Jenewein
OBJECTIVE: Delirium has been characterized into its subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, or no motor subtype-along with the use of the Delirium Motor Symptom Scale (DMSS). The German version of this scale (DMSS-G), however, has not yet been validated. METHOD: We determined internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the DMSS-G in the surgical intensive care unit, using DSM-IV-TR criteria and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98. RESULTS: In total, 289 patients were included, and out of these, 122 were delirious...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
Hui-Lin Guan, Yun-Jiao Zhang, Xiao-Ju Lu, Man Jia, Zheng-Yun Zhang, Xu-Hong Gao, Yong-Chun Ma, Fei Tian, Shu-Kun Tang
A novel Gram-staining positive, moderately halophilic, endospore-forming, motile, rod-shaped and strictly aerobic strain, designated YIM 93565T, was isolated from a salt lake in Xinjiang province of China and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain YIM 93565T grew in the range of pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0), 10-45 °C (optimum 35-40 °C) and at salinities of 2-24% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 7-10%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM 93565T clustered with members of the genera Gracilibacillus and form a clade with Gracilibacillus bigeumensis KCTC 13130T (95...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Khadejah F Mahmoud, Deborah Finnell, Christine L Savage, Kathryn R Puskar, Ann M Mitchell
Previous diagnostic categories of substance abuse and dependence have given way to the current view that substance use disorders occur on a continuum with a broad range of severity. This current view is featured in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM V). In recognizing the role of stigma in preventing persons from seeking substance use treatment, advocates have called attention that particular terminology can fuel such stigma. To mitigate the negative effects of such stigmatizing language, the International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE) recommends against using previously-used and possibly pejorative terminology for substance abuse and dependence, unless a particular scientific justification exists...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Michael J Silverstein, Samuel Alperin, Stephen V Faraone, Ronald C Kessler, Lenard A Adler
Objectives: To examine the test-retest reliability of the DSM-IV Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) v1.1 Screener in adults without ADHD. Prior studies have not examined test-retest reliability of the Screener in non-ADHD controls. Methods: Subjects completed the Screener in a primary care physician (PCP) waiting room (T1); those who screened negative for ADHD (n = 104) (<4/6 significant Screener items) symptoms were further assessed on the phone (T2). T2 included phone administration of the full ASRS v1...
November 21, 2017: Family Practice
Cody A Siciliano, Kaustuv Saha, Erin S Calipari, Steve C Fordahl, Rong Chen, Habibeh Khoshbouei, Sara R Jones
Cocaine abuse disrupts dopamine system function, including reduced cocaine inhibition of the dopamine transporter (DAT), which results in tolerance. Although tolerance is a hallmark of cocaine addiction and a DSM-V criteria for substance abuse disorders, the molecular adaptations producing tolerance are unknown, and testing the impact of DAT changes on drug taking behaviors has proven difficult. In regard to treatment, amphetamine has shown efficacy in reducing cocaine intake; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects have not been explored...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
S Evans-Lacko, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, C Benjet, R Bruffaerts, W T Chiu, S Florescu, G de Girolamo, O Gureje, J M Haro, Y He, C Hu, E G Karam, N Kawakami, S Lee, C Lund, V Kovess-Masfety, D Levinson, F Navarro-Mateu, B E Pennell, N A Sampson, K M Scott, H Tachimori, M Ten Have, M C Viana, D R Williams, B J Wojtyniak, Z Zarkov, R C Kessler, S Chatterji, G Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: The treatment gap between the number of people with mental disorders and the number treated represents a major public health challenge. We examine this gap by socio-economic status (SES; indicated by family income and respondent education) and service sector in a cross-national analysis of community epidemiological survey data. METHODS: Data come from 16 753 respondents with 12-month DSM-IV disorders from community surveys in 25 countries in the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Michael J Silverstein, Stephen V Faraone, Samuel Alperin, Joseph Biederman, Thomas J Spencer, Lenard A Adler
OBJECTIVES: Assess agreement between self-ratings via the adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Self-Report Scale (ASRS)-v1.1 Symptom Checklist and clinician ratings via the adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale (AISRS) expanded version using DSM-5 adult ADHD patients (referred sample) and ADHD controls (recruited from a primary care physician practice). METHODS: The ASRS v1.1 Symptom Checklist was administered to measure self-reported ADHD symptoms and impairment, the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale v1...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Luis Dabul, Andrew Droney, Juan Oms, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez
Despite the anti-inflammatory benefits of steroids in the management of multiple medical conditions, they are associated with undesired metabolic and psychiatric side effects. We present a case of a 57-year-old Hispanic man with hepatic cirrhosis due to hepatitis C and no past medical history of psychiatric illnesses who became delirious after treatment with high doses of intravenous Dexamethasone. The patient presented to Larkin Community Hospital, USA with complaints of lower back pain requiring treatment with steroids for severe lumbar central canal stenosis...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
Stephan Christel, Malte Herold, Sören Bellenberg, Mohamed El Hajjami, Antoine Buetti-Dinh, Igor V Pivkin, Wolfgang Sand, Paul Wilmes, Ansgar Poetsch, Mark Dopson
Leptospirillum ferriphilum plays a major role in acidic, metal rich environments where it represents one of the most prevalent iron oxidizers. These milieus include acid rock and mine drainage as well as biomining operations. Despite its perceived importance, no complete genome sequence of this model species' type strain is available, limiting the possibilities to investigate the strategies and adaptations Leptospirillum ferriphilum(T) applies to survive and compete in its niche. This study presents a complete, circular genome of Leptospirillum ferriphilum(T) DSM 14647 obtained by PacBio SMRT long read sequencing for use as a high quality reference...
November 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Jonathan H Lindsay, Rebecca A Prosser
BACKGROUND: Alcohol tolerance and withdrawal-induced effects are criteria for alcohol use disorders listed by the DSM-V. Although tolerance and withdrawal have been studied over many decades, there is still uncertainty regarding mechanistic distinctions that characterize these different forms of ethanol (EtOH)-induced plasticity. Previously, we demonstrated that the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) circadian clock develops both acute and rapid tolerance to EtOH inhibition of glutamate-induced circadian phase shifts...
November 15, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Tingye Feng, Sang Eun Jeong, Kyung Hyun Kim, Hye Yoon Park, Che Ok Jeon
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and halotolerant bacterial strain, designated strain NAP41(T), was isolated from a sea tidal flat in the Yellow Sea of South Korea. Cells were non-motile cocci showing oxidase- and catalase-positive activities. Growth of strain NAP41(T) was observed at 15-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0.5-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2 %). Strain NAP41(T) contained summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c) and C18 : 0 as the major fatty acids and ubiquinone-10 as the sole isoprenoid quinone...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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