keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DSM V

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303420/aging-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-the-comorbidities-and-behavioral-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-adults-with-asd
#1
Elizabeth A Wise, Marcia D Smith, Peter V Rabins
Little is known about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in persons over age 50. In a retrospective, naturalistic review of 74 individuals aged 30 and older meeting DSM-5 criteria for ASD, the point prevalence of behavioral and neuropsychiatric symptoms (BNPS) declined significantly for 12 of 13 BNPS over a mean of 25 years while many other features of ASD remained stable. GI disorders (68.9%) and seizure disorders (23%) were common, and 25.7% of the sample had a BMI >30. Females were more likely to engage in screaming (p < 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301060/prevalence-of-eating-disorders-and-picking-nibbling-in-elderly-women
#2
Eva M Conceição, Fabiana V S Gomes, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Paulo P P Machado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the point prevalence of eating disorders and picking/nibbling in elderly women. METHODS: This was a two-stage epidemiological study that assessed 342 women aged 65-94 years old. In Stage 1, the following screening measures were used to identify possible cases: the Mini-Mental State Examination, to screen and exclude patients with cognitive impairment; Weight Concerns Scale; SCOFF (Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food) Questionnaire; Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-dietary restraint subscale; and three questions to screen for picking/nibbling and night eating syndrome...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289918/geodermatophilus-daqingensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-petroleum-contaminated-soil
#3
Yang Wang, Liguo Zhang, Xiaofei Zhang, Jinying Huang, Yu Zhao, Yuanling Zhao, Jianxin Liu, Cui Huang, Jing Wang, Yingying Hu, Guoling Ren, Xiuhong Xu
A novel Gram-positive actinobacterium, designated WT-2-1(T), was isolated from a sample of petroleum-contaminated soil collected in Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The optimal growth for strain WT-2-1(T) was found to be at 25-35 °C and at pH 6.0-9.0 and with 0-4% (w/v) NaCl, forming blackish green-coloured colonies. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate match those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and xylose were detected as diagnostic sugars...
March 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288440/schizophrenia-spectrum-personality-disorders-in-psychometrically-identified-schizotypes-at-two-year-follow-up
#4
P Kevin Bolinskey, Elizabeth A Smith, Kelly M Schuder, Dianna Cooper-Bolinskey, Kevin R Myers, Daniel V Hudak, Alison V James, Helen K Hunter, Jonathan H Novi, Janice P Guidi, Yelena Gonzalez, Erin F McTiernan, Kaitlin M Arnold, Carina A Iati, Irving I Gottesman
Earlier (Bolinskey et al., 2015), we reported that psychometrically identified schizotypes displayed greater symptom levels and higher incidences of schizophrenia spectrum (schizotypal, schizoid, paranoid, and avoidant) personality disorders (PDs). In this study, 49 schizotypes and 39 matched controls participated in follow-up assessments after two years. Participants were previously identified as schizotypes or controls based on scores on the Chapman Psychosis Proneness Scales (CPPS), and were interviewed at baseline and follow-up with the Personality Disorder Interview for DSM-IV (PDI-IV)...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287372/thermodesulfitimonas-autotrophica-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-thermophilic-obligate-sulfite-reducing-bacterium-isolated-from-a-terrestrial-hot-spring
#5
G B Slobodkina, R V Baslerov, A A Novikov, E A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, A I Slobodkin
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, strain SF97T, was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring (Kuril Islands, Russia). Cells of strain SF97T were rod-shaped and motile with a Gram-positive cell-wall type. The novel isolate grew at 45-72 °C (optimum 65 °C) and pH 5.5-8.5 (optimum 6.0-6.5). The strain grew chemolithoautotrophically with molecular hydrogen as an electron donor, sodium sulfite or SO2 gas as an electron acceptor and bicarbonate/CO2 as a carbon source. Sulfate, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur, Fe(III) or nitrate were not used as electron acceptors either with H2 or organic electron donors...
February 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285372/dysfunctional-personality-traits-in-adolescence-effects-on-alerting-orienting-and-executive-control-of-attention
#6
Maria Casagrande, Andrea Marotta, Valeria Canepone, Alfredo Spagna, Caterina Rosa, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Augusto Pasini
The present study examined attentional networks performance in 39 adolescents with dysfunctional personality traits, split into two group, Group < 10 and Group ≥ 10, according to the number of criteria they met at the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders. The attentional performance has been tested by means of a modified version of the Attentional Network Test (ANTI-V) which allows testing both phasic and tonic components of the alerting system, the exogenous aspect of the orienting system, the executive network and their interactions...
March 11, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262601/il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-unmedicated-adults-with-adhd-relationship-to-cortisol-awakening-response
#7
M Corominas-Roso, A Armario, G Palomar, M Corrales, J Carrasco, V Richarte, R Ferrer, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
There is preliminary evidence that the immune system's cytokines may have impact on ADHD in children. Nevertheless, studies exploring the possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in adults with ADHD are lacking. This study aimed to assess differences in serum IL-6 and TNF-α between patients and controls and their possible relationship to resting cortisol. 108 adults with ADHD (DSM-IV), 44 inattentive and 64 combined, age ranging between 18 and 55 years, and 27 healthy controls were included. Major psychiatric disorders and organic comorbidities were excluded...
February 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262398/post-operative-delirium-is-an-independent-predictor-of-30-day-hospital-readmission-after-spine-surgery-in-the-elderly-%C3%A2-65years-old-a-study-of-453-consecutive-elderly-spine-surgery-patients
#8
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Timothy Y Wang, Adam G Back, Emily Lydon, Gireesh B Reddy, Isaac O Karikari, Oren N Gottfried
In the last decade, costs of U.S. healthcare expenditures have been soaring, with billions of dollars spent on hospital readmissions. Identifying causes and risk factors can reduce soaring readmission rates and help lower healthcare costs. The aim of this is to determine if post-operative delirium in the elderly is an independent risk factor for 30-day hospital readmission after spine surgery. The medical records of 453 consecutive elderly (≥65years old) patients undergoing spine surgery at Duke University Medical Center from 2008 to 2010 were reviewed...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257919/progressing-moodswings-the-upgrade-and-evaluation-of-moodswings-2-0-an-online-intervention-for-bipolar-disorder
#9
S Lauder, V E Cosgrove, E Gliddon, D Grimm, S Dodd, L Berk, D Castle, T S Suppes, M Berk
MoodSwings 2.0 is a self-guided online intervention for bipolar disorder. The intervention incorporates technological improvements on an earlier validated version of the intervention (MoodSwings 1.0). The previous MoodSwings trial provides this study with a unique opportunity to progress previous work, whilst being able to take into consideration lesson learnt, and technological enhancements. The structure and technology of MoodSwings 2.0 are described and the relevance to other online health interventions is highlighted...
February 28, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243074/delirium-in-405-articles-of-medical-non-surgical-or-icu-inpatients-unproven-speed-of-onset-and-recovery
#10
Paul Jay Regal
PURPOSE: There is agreement in the medical literature that delirium is of sudden or rapid onset. Although the speed of recovery cannot be used for initial diagnosis, recovery speed provides a test of diagnostic criteria. The aim of this study was to determine whether articles on delirium among medical inpatients proved sudden onset and rapid recovery. METHODS: The literature was searched for studies with at least 50 patients on medical or geriatric wards. Excluded were postoperative, critical care, and nursing home studies...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224040/massilioclostridium-coli-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-member-of-the-clostridiaceae-family-isolated-from-the-left-colon-of-a-27-year-old-woman
#11
C I Lo, M Mailhe, D Ricaboni, V Vitton, A Benezech, C Michelle, N Armstrong, F Bittar, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, J-C Lagier
Massilioclostridium coli strain Marseille-P2976(T) (= CSUR P2976 = DSM 103344) is a new bacterial genus isolated from the left colon of a patient who underwent colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. Massilioclostridium coli is a Gram-negative bacillus, strict anaerobic, nonsporogenous and nonmotile organism. We describe here the strain Marseille-P2976(T) and provide its complete annotated genome sequence according to taxonogenomics concepts. Its genome is 2 985 330 bp long and contains 2562 predicted genes and 75 RNA genes...
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222425/post-finasteride-adverse-effects-in-male-androgenic-alopecia-a-case-report-of-vitiligo
#12
Ion G Motofei, David L Rowland, Simona R Georgescu, Mircea Tampa, Stana Paunica, Vlad D Constantin, Cristian Balalau, Mirela Manea, Bogdan C Baleanu, Ioanel Sinescu
Finasteride has proved to be relatively safe and effective in the therapeutic management of male androgenic alopecia. However, literature data report several endocrine imbalances inducing various adverse effects, which often persist after treatment cessation in the form of post-finasteride syndrome. Here we present the case of a 52-year-old man receiving finasteride (1 mg/day) who developed an uncommon adverse effect represented by generalized vitiligo 2 months after finasteride discontinuation. Associated adverse effects encountered were represented by mild sexual dysfunction (as determined by the International Index of Erectile Function, IIEF) and moderate depressive symptoms (according to DSM-V criteria), all of these manifestations aggregating within/as a possible post-finasteride syndrome...
2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#13
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
April 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212066/response-to-ross-s-comment-to-miccio-fonseca-and-defeo
#14
L C Miccio-Fonseca
Response to Ross on his comments regarding my purported misunderstanding of Ross's article and the DSM-V (Ross, 2015). Although Ross claims he offered no personal opinions of any kind in his commentary, undeniably there were two separate and independent comments in (Miccio-Fonseca (2015) and DeFeo (2015) addressing similar issues. Is this coincidental? This author maintains the stance expressed in the cited commentary.
January 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211596/the-structure-of-adult-adhd
#15
Lenard A Adler, Stephen V Faraone, Thomas J Spencer, Patricia Berglund, Samuel Alperin, Ronald C Kessler
Although DSM-5 stipulates that symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are the same for adults as children, clinical observations suggest that adults have more diverse deficits than children in higher-level executive functioning and emotional control. Previous psychometric analyses to evaluate these observations have been limited in ways addressed in the current study, which analyzes the structure of an expanded set of adult ADHD symptoms in three pooled US samples: a national household sample, a sample of health plan members, and a sample of adults referred for evaluation at an adult ADHD clinic...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199070/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-exercise-to-health-education-for-stimulant-use-disorder-results-from-the-ctn-0037-stimulant-reduction-intervention-using-dosed-exercise-stride-study
#16
Madhukar H Trivedi, Tracy L Greer, Chad D Rethorst, Thomas Carmody, Bruce D Grannemann, Robrina Walker, Diane Warden, Kathy Shores-Wilson, Mark Stoutenberg, Neal Oden, Meredith Silverstein, Candace Hodgkins, Lee Love, Cindy Seamans, Angela Stotts, Trey Causey, Regina P Szucs-Reed, Paul Rinaldi, Hugh Myrick, Michele Straus, David Liu, Robert Lindblad, Timothy Church, Steven N Blair, Edward V Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exercise as a treatment for stimulant use disorders. METHODS: The STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) study was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 9 residential addiction treatment programs across the United States from July 2010 to February 2013. Of 497 adults referred to the study, 302 met all eligibility criteria, including DSM-IV criteria for stimulant abuse and/or dependence, and were randomized to either a dosed exercise intervention (Exercise) or a health education intervention (Health Education) control, both augmenting treatment as usual and conducted thrice weekly for 12 weeks...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153674/high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-hptlc-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-the-cyclic-lipopeptides-surfactin-iturin-a-and-fengycin-in-culture-samples-of-bacillus-species
#17
Mareen Geissler, Claudia Oellig, Karin Moss, Wolfgang Schwack, Marius Henkel, Rudolf Hausmann
A high-performance thin-layer chromatography method has been established for the identification and simultaneous quantification of the cyclic lipopeptides Surfactin, Iturin A and Fengycin in Bacillus culture samples. B. subtilis DSM 10(T), B. amyloliquefaciens DSM 7(T) and B. methylotrophicus DSM 23117 were used as model strains. Culture samples indicated that a sample pretreatment is necessary in order to run HPTLC analyses. A threefold extraction of the cell-free broth with the solvent chloroform/methanol (2:1, v/v) gave best results, when all three lipopeptides were included in the analysis...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151382/pyrobaculum-igneiluti-sp-nov-a-novel-anaerobic-hyperthermophilic-archaeon-that-reduces-thiosulfate-and-ferric-iron
#18
Jerry Y Lee, Brenda Iglesias, Caleb E Chu, Daniel J P Lawrence, Edward J Crane Iii
A novel anaerobic, hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a mud volcano in the Salton Sea geothermal system in Southern California, USA. The isolate, named strain 521T, grew optimally at 90°C, pH 5.5-7.3, and 0-2.0% w/v NaCl, with a generation time of 10 hours under optimal conditions. Cells were rod-shaped and nonmotile, ranging from 2-7 μm in length. Strain 521T grew only in the presence of thiosulfate and/or Fe(III) (ferrihydrite) as terminal electron acceptors in strictly anaerobic conditions, and preferred protein-rich compounds as energy sources, although the isolate was capable of chemolithoautotrophic growth...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150576/desulfurobacterium-indicum-sp-nov-a-thermophilic-sulfur-reducing-bacterium-from-the-indian-ocean
#19
Junwei Cao, Tiphaine Birien, Nicolas Gayet, Zhaobin Huang, Zongze Shao, Mohamed Jebbar, Karine Alain
A novel sulfur-reducing bacterium, strain K6013T, was isolated from a sulfide sample collected at a depth of 2,771 m from a high-temperature hydrothermal vent in the Indian Ocean. Cells were Gram-negative, anaerobic, motile rods (0.9-2.2 × 0.4-0.6 μm). The strain grew at NaCl concentrations ranging from 1 to 4.5% (w/v) (optimum 2.5%), from pH 5 to 8 (optimum 6), and at temperatures between 40 and 75 °C (optimum 65 °C). Strain K6013T was an obligate chemolithoautotroph using thiosulfate, sulfur, and nitrate as terminal electron acceptors in the presence of H2, but not sulfate, sulfite nor nitrite...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150571/sanguibacter-gelidistatuariae-sp-nov-a-novel-psychrotolerant-anaerobe-from-an-ice-sculpture-in-antarctica-and-emendation-of-descriptions-for-the-family-sanguibacteraceae-the-genus-sanguibacter-and-species-s-antarcticus-s-inulinus-s-kedieii-s-marinus-s-soli
#20
Elena V Pikuta, Zhe Lyu, Melissa D Williams, Nisha B Patel, Yuchen Liu, Richard Brice Hoover, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Paul A Lawson, William B Whitman
A novel psychrotolerant bacterium strain ISLP-3T was isolated from a sample of naturally formed ice sculpture on the shore of Lake Podprudnoye in Antarctica. Cells were motile, stained Gram positive, non-spore-forming, straight or slightly curved rods with the shape of a baseball bat. The new isolate was facultatively anaerobic and catalase positive. Growth occurred at 3-35 ºC with an optimum at 24 °C, 0-2 % w/v NaCl with an optimum at 0.3 % and pH 6.2 - 9.5 with an optimum 7.5. Strain ISLP-3T grew on several carbon sources, with the best growth on D-cellobiose...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
keyword
keyword
41656
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"