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René Kurz, Julia Huemer, Elvira Muchitsch, Martha Feucht
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Drug-naïve children who met the DSM-V criteria for a diagnosis of ASD were recruited from a day care center, specialized in long-term treatment of children and adolescents with ASD. Symptom assessment was performed using the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) before (base-line) and after 12 months (follow-up) of CBT...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
İsmail Akaltun, Atilla Çayır, Tayfun Kara, Hamza Ayaydın
AIM: Children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) are reported to experience failure in psychological maturation, and to have a lack of self-confidence in social life, and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between GHD and anxiety disorders and depression in children and adolescents. METHOD: 122 children and adolescents aged 7-17, 87 receiving GHD therapy and 35 before treatment, and 122 healthy volunteers were included in the study...
June 4, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Fatemeh Mohammadipanah, Ewelina Atasayar, Sheida Heidarian, Joachim Wink
A novel Glycomyces strain, designated as MH2460T , was isolated from marine sediment collected from 12 m depth in Rostami seaport, Bushehr Province in Iran. On International Streptomyces Project 2 medium it produced branching substrate hyphae that developed into a large number of irregularly shaped spores in 8 days. It showed optimal growth at 25-35 °C, pH 6.0-8.0 and in salinity between 2.5-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched descriptions for members of the genus Glycomyces...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
V N Mutiso, K Pike, C W Musyimi, T J Rebello, A Tele, I Gitonga, G Thornicroft, D M Ndetei
AimsStigma can have a negative impact on help-seeking behaviour, treatment adherence and recovery of people with mental disorders. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of the WHO Mental Health Treatment Gap Interventions Guidelines (mhGAP-IG) to reduce stigma in face-to-face contacts during interventions for specific DSM-IV/ICD 10 diagnoses over a 6-month period. METHODS: This study was conducted in 20 health facilities across Makueni County in southeast Kenya which has one of the poorest economies in the country and has no psychiatrist or clinical psychologist...
June 4, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
L Tondo, G H Vázquez, M Pinna, P A Vaccotto, R J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between subjects with vs. without mixed features in major affective disorders. METHODS: In 3099 out-patient subjects with DSM-5 major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 1921) or bipolar disorders (BD, n = 1178), we compared those with (Mx) vs. without (Non-Mx) mixed features (agitated-irritable depression or dysphoric [hypo]mania) in an index episode. RESULTS: Prevalence of Mx averaged 21.9% [CI: 20.5-23.4] overall, ranking: BD-II > BD-I > MDD, and in BD depression ≥ [hypo]mania > MDD...
June 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Jae-Won Lee, Ye-Eun Kim, Myung-Suk Kang, Ki-Eun Lee, Eun-Young Lee, Soo-Je Park
A rod-shaped, white color colony with lobate architectures, strain h2T was isolated from a moderately acidic soil on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain h2T is closely related to Paenibacillus relictisesami DSM 25385T (97.4%, 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Paenibacillus azoreducens KACC 11244T (97.2%), and Paenibacillus cookii LMG 18419T (97.0%). DNA-DNA hybridization indicated that the strain h2T has relatively low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with respect to P...
June 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
V Tapiainen, H Taipale, A Tanskanen, J Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, A-M Tolppanen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between benzodiazepine and related drug (BZDR) use and risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with cumulative consumption and duration of use based models. METHOD: A nationwide nested case-control study of all Finnish community-dwelling persons who received clinically verified AD diagnosis in 2005-2011 (N = 70 719) and their matched controls (N = 282 862). AD diagnosis was based on DSM-IV and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. BZDR purchases were extracted from the Prescription Register since 1995...
May 31, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Mei-Juan Huang, Min Xiao, Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao, Tao Cheng, Yan-Yu Yang, Dalal Hussien M Alkhalifah, Wael N Hozzein, Hai-Quan Huang, Wen-Jun Li
A Nocardia-like actinobacterial strain, designated YIM TG2190T , was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Psammosilene tunicoides collected from Gejiu, Yunnan province, China. The cells of strain YIM TG2190T were observed to be Gram-stain positive and non-motile. The strain forms extensively branched substrate mycelia that fragments into rod-shaped elements. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain YIM TG2190T is closely related to Nocardia nova (97.5%), Nocardia jiangxiensis (97.1%) and Nocardia miyunensis (96...
May 29, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Sukonthar Ngampramuan, Puttichai Tungtong, Sujira Mukda, Apichat Jariyavilas, Chanin Sakulisariyaporn
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) and cognitive impairment. Heart rate variability (HRV) and Pulse pressure (PP) parameters reflect influences of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Cortisol exerts its greatest effect on the hippocampus, a brain area closely related to cognitive function. This study aims to examine the effect of HRV, PPG, salivary cortisol levels, and cognitive function in MDD patients by using noninvasive techniques...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
Hai-Liang Wang, Jian Zhang, Li Sun
A novel bacterium, designed strain S38T , was isolated from the deep-sea sediment of Pacmanus hydrothermal field in Manus Basin. The isolate was gram-positive, aerobic, motile, and was defined by endospore-forming rods. Strain S38T grew at 16-38 °C, pH 6-8, and in the presence of 0-7% (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, S38T was grouped into the genus Fictibacillus and was most closely related to Fictibacillus phosphorivorans CCM 8426T (97.8%), Fictibacillus nanhaiensis DSM 23009T (97.8%), Fictibacillus halophilus DSM 100124T (97...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
A John Rush, Hisham M Ibrahim
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V), criterion symptom listings are frequently used in clinical practice as checklists to make diagnoses. However, most DSM-V conditions are, in fact, syndromes, that is, collections of signs and symptoms that commonly occur together in the clinic. This report discusses the value of syndromes in medicine and psychiatry. It is argued that a more precise future enumeration of brain circuits and the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions will help us better understand and treat psychiatric syndromes, but they are unlikely to eliminate the need to categorize psychiatric conditions...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Dong Wan Lee, Hanbyul Lee, Bong-Oh Kwon, Jong Seong Khim, Un Hyuk Yim, Hongjae Park, Byeonghyeok Park, In-Geol Choi, Beom Seok Kim, Jae-Jin Kim
A novel Gram-stain-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain 102-Py4T , was isolated from Sinduri beach sediment in Taean, Republic of Korea. Cells were aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. The isolate grew optimally with 1-3 % (w/v) NaCl, but NaCl is not an absolute requirement for growth. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain 102-Py4T clustered together with Zobellella aerophila and fell within the clade formed by recognized species of the genus Zobellella. Its closest phylogenetic neighbours were Z...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Dimitry Y Sorokin, Alexander Y Merkel, Ben Abbas, Kira S Makarova, W Irene C Rijpstra, M Koenen, Jaap S Sinninghe Damsté, Erwin A Galinski, Eugene V Koonin, Mark C M van Loosdrecht
Methanogenic enrichments from hypersaline lakes at moderate thermophilic conditions have resulted in the cultivation of an unknown deep lineage of euryarchaeota related to the class Halobacteria. Eleven soda lake isolates and three salt lake enrichment cultures were methyl-reducing methanogens that utilize C1 methylated compounds as electron acceptors and H2 or formate as electron donors, but they were unable to grow on either substrates alone or to form methane from acetate. They are extreme halophiles, growing optimally at 4 M total Na+ and the first representatives of methanogens employing the 'salt-in' osmoprotective mechanism...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Kai-Ling Wang, Zhi-Man Song, Cu-Huang Rong, Ling-Yun Hao, Qi-Liang Lai, Shuang-Fei Li, Ying Xu
A Gram-stain-negative, non-flagellated, short rod-shaped bacterium, designated XY-R6T , was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of a mangrove plant, Kandelia candel (L.) Druce, in Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. Growth of strain XY-R6T was observed at pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum 6.5-8.0), between 8 and 42 °C (optimum 28-34 °C), and in the presence of 0-9.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1-4 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c) (55...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Özlem Hekim Bozkurt, Esra Güney, Zeynep Göker, Gülser Şenses Dinç, Murat Alışık, Özcan Erel, Esra Çöp, Özden Şükran Üneri
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in adolescence, however, the etiology has not been described. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one potential factor that may be involved in the etiology of ADHD. The goal of this study was to evaluate NPY levels in children with ADHD and compare the findings to healthy controls. METHODS: Forty-eight ADHD patients and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. The age range of ADHD patients was 6 to 16 years...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Man-Young Jung, So-Jeong Kim, Jong-Geol Kim, Heeji Hong, Joo-Han Gwak, Soo-Je Park, Yang-Hoon Kim, Sung-Keun Rhee
Members of the family Clostridiaceae within phylum Firmicutes are ubiquitous in various iron-reducing environments. However, genomic data on iron-reducing bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae, particularly regarding their environmental distribution, are limited. Here, we report the analysis and comparison of the genomic properties of Geosporobacter ferrireducens IRF9, a strict anaerobe that ferments sugars and degrades toluene under iron-reducing conditions, with those of the closely related species, Geosporobacter subterraneus DSM 17957...
May 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Srinagesh Mannekote Thippaiah, Vinu George, Badari Birur, Ananda Pandurangi
Per DSM-V, pseudocyesis is included under the category "other specified somatic symptom and related disorder" and is defined as a false belief of being pregnant that is associated with objective signs and reported symptoms of pregnancy. The male counterpart of pseudocyesis is Couvade syndrome, also called "sympathetic pregnancy" where a man experiences symptoms of pregnancy when his female partner is pregnant. There are extensive reports on pseudocyesis and Couvade syndrome in psychiatric literature but none with features of both, in a single case...
March 13, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
Ya-Hui Shao, Li-Zhong Guo, Yu-Qing Zhang, Hao Yu, Bai-Suo Zhao, Hai-Qiang Pang, Wei-Dong Lu
Although some bacteria, including Chromohalobacer salexigens DSM 3043, can use glycine betaine (hereafter referred to as GB) as the sole carbon and energy source, little information is available about the genes and their encoded proteins involved in the initial step of GB degradation pathway. In the present study, the results of conserved domain analysis, construction of in-frame deletion mutants, and in vivo functional complementation assay suggested that the open reading frames Csal_1004 and Csal_1005, designated bmoA and bmoB , may act as the terminal oxygenase and the ferredoxin reductase in a novel Rieske-type oxygenase system to convert GB to dimethylglycine in C...
April 27, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ellen E Lee, Averria Sirkin Martin, Xin Tu, Barton W Palmer, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of childhood adversity and current (adulthood) resilience on mental and physical health and markers of metabolic function among adults with schizophrenia and nonpsychiatric comparison participants (NCs). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 114 participants with schizophrenia (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and 101 NCs aged 26-65 years during 2012-2017. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory measures were examined. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire was used to retrospectively assess emotional abuse/neglect, physical abuse/neglect, and sexual abuse experienced during childhood...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Alexey Fomenkov, Zhiyi Sun, Tamas Vincze, Galina Dubinina, Maria Orlova, Sergey V Tarlachkov, Brian P Anton, Margarita Y Grabovich, Richard J Roberts
Here, we report the complete closed genome sequence and methylome analysis of Beggiatoa leptomitoformis strain D-401 (DSM 14945, UNIQEMU 779), which is quite different from the previously described Beggiatoa leptomitoformis neotype strain D-402T (DSM 14946, UNIQEM U 779) with regard to morphology and lithotrophic growth in the presence of thiosulfate.
April 26, 2018: Genome Announcements
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