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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453789/psychotic-experiences-and-religiosity-data-from-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
V Kovess-Masfety, S Saha, C C W Lim, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, G Borges, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, K Demyttenaere, S Florescu, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, N Kawakami, S Lee, J P Lepine, F Navarro-Mateu, J C Stagnaro, M Ten Have, M C Viana, R C Kessler, J J McGrath
OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample. METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments...
February 16, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452966/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-of-childhood-trauma-and-the-course-of-illness-in-schizophrenia
#2
Krisztina Kocsis-Bogár, Veronika Mészáros, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
INTRODUCTION: Different types of childhood trauma have been repeatedly shown to contribute to psychotic symptoms. Gender differences in schizophrenia are well known. Some studies argue that trauma history means a significantly higher risk of psychosis for women than men. However, there is evidence of early adverse life events to be associated with higher stress-sensitivity in men. Little is known about the connection of specific type of trauma and specific psychotic symptoms as well as the course of illness with explicit regard to gender differences...
February 13, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432501/venlafaxine-and-sertraline-does-not-affect-the-expression-of-genes-regulating-stress-response-in-female-mdd-patients
#3
Ewa Banach, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Anna Leszczyńska-Rodziewicz, Joanna Pawlak, Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Dorota Zaremba, Joanna Twarowska-Hauser
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of 3 genes involved in the regulation of HPA axis: GR, HSP90 and FKBP5, in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) before antidepressant treatment and after 8 weeks of pharmacotherapy. Additionally, we analyzed the level of glucocorticoid receptor isoforms before and after treatment. METHODS: The study included 30 female patients (aged 18-60 years), with major depres- sive disorder diagnosed on the basis of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#4
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423616/frequency-and-predictors-of-post-stroke-delirium-in-prospective-observational-polish-study-propolis
#5
P Pasinska, K Kowalska, E Klimiec, A Szyper-Maciejowska, A Wilk, A Klimkowicz-Mrowiec
Delirium is the most common and serious neurobehavioral complication in acute hospital admissions. Some patients develop signs of delirium but do not meet all diagnostic criteria. Stroke is a major risk factor for delirium. The aim of this prospective study was to build a predictive model for delirium and subsyndromal post-stroke delirium. Patients with stroke were screened for delirium during the first 7 days after admission. Delirium was diagnosed according to DSM-V criteria. Baseline demographic, biochemical, stroke-related data, medications used, neurological deficit, and premorbid cognitive and functional impairment were assessed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423563/new-insights-into-the-metabolic-potential-of-the-phototrophic-purple-bacterium-rhodopila-globiformis-dsm-161t-from-its-draft-genome-sequence-and-evidence-for-a-vanadium-dependent-nitrogenase
#6
Johannes F Imhoff, Tanja Rahn, Sven Künzel, Sven C Neulinger
Rhodopila globiformis: is the most acidophilic anaerobic anoxygenic phototrophic purple bacterium and was isolated from a warm acidic sulfur spring in Yellowstone Park. Its genome is larger than genomes of other phototrophic purple bacteria, containing 7248 Mb with a G + C content of 67.1% and 6749 protein coding and 53 RNA genes. The genome revealed some previously unknown properties such as the presence of two sets of structural genes pufLMC for the photosynthetic reaction center genes and two types of nitrogenases (Mo-Fe and V-Fe nitrogenase), capabilities of autotrophic carbon dioxide fixation and denitrification using nitrite...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419345/validation-of-the-expanded-versions-of-the-adult-adhd-self-report-scale-v1-1-symptom-checklist-and-the-adult-adhd-investigator-symptom-rating-scale
#7
Michael J Silverstein, Stephen V Faraone, Samuel Alperin, Terry L Leon, Joseph Biederman, Thomas J Spencer, Lenard A Adler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to validate the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale (AISRS) expanded versions, including executive function deficits (EFDs) and emotional dyscontrol (EC) items, and to present ASRS and AISRS pilot normative data. METHOD: Two patient samples (referred and primary care physician [PCP] controls) were pooled together for these analyses. RESULTS: Final analysis included 297 respondents, 171 with adult ADHD...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411040/cognitive-profiles-of-finnish-preschool-children-with-expressive-and-receptive-language-impairment
#8
Virpi Saar, Sari Levänen, Erkki Komulainen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the verbal and nonverbal cognitive profiles of children with specific language impairment (SLI) with problems predominantly in expressive (SLI-E) or receptive (SLI-R) language skills. These diagnostic subgroups have not been compared before in psychological studies. Method: Participants were preschool-age Finnish-speaking children with SLI diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team. Cognitive profile differences between the diagnostic subgroups and the relationship between verbal and nonverbal reasoning skills were evaluated...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395538/bacillus-onubensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-air-of-two-andalusian-caves
#9
Irene Dominguez-Moñino, Valme Jurado, Jose L Gonzalez-Pimentel, Ana Zelia Miller, Bernardo Hermosin, Cesareo Saiz-Jimenez
Two Gram-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria, designated as 0911MAR22V3T and 0911TES10J4, were isolated from air samples collected in two show caves, located in Andalusia, Southern Spain. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that both strains were indistinguishable and they were most closely related to Bacillus humi DSM 16318T (98%). DNA-DNA hybridization values of the strain 0911MAR22V3T with respect to strain 0911TES10J4 and B...
January 25, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385740/effects-of-combining-medication-and-pivotal-response-treatment-on-aberrant-behavior-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Mohammad Rezaei, AliReza Moradi, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, HamidReza Hassanabadi, Reza Khosroabadi
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined risperidone (RIS) and pivotal response treatment (PRT) on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 34 children diagnosed with ASD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-V) (mean age of 12.36 years) were randomly assigned to either of two groups; the first group (n = 17) received combined PRT-RIS while the second group (n = 17) received RIS only. Behavioral problems were evaluated with the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), whereas global improvement (GI) was measured with the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI)...
January 30, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363482/validation-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-cpss-in-spanish-adolescents
#11
Elena R Serrano-Ibáñez, Gema T Ruiz-Párraga, Rosa Esteve, Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, Alicia E López-Martínez
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used instruments to assess posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents is the Child PTSD Symptom Scale. However, there has been limited evaluation of its construct validity in the Spanish language despite Spanish being one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide data on the psychometric properties of the CPSS in a sample of Spanish adolescents, to establish the internal consistency of the measure, and to examine its criterion validity...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344631/a-brief-exposure-based-treatment-vs-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-noninferiority-clinical-trial
#12
Denise M Sloan, Brian P Marx, Daniel J Lee, Patricia A Resick
Importance: Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Objective: To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between February 28, 2013, and November 6, 2016, 126 veteran and nonveteran adults were randomized to either WET or CPT...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331569/salinivibrio-kushneri-sp-nov-a-moderately-halophilic-bacterium-isolated-from-salterns
#13
Clara López-Hermoso, Rafael R de la Haba, Cristina Sánchez-Porro, Antonio Ventosa
Ten Gram-strain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, moderately halophilic bacterial strains, designated AL184T, IB560, IB563, IC202, IC317, MA421, ML277, ML318, ML328A and ML331, were isolated from water ponds of five salterns located in Spain. The cells were motile, curved rods and oxidase and catalase positive. All of them grew optimally at 37°C, at pH 7.2-7.4 and in the presence of 7.5% (w/v) NaCl. Based on phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA, the isolates were most closely related to Salinivibrio sharmensis BAGT (99...
December 21, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329498/treatment-outcomes-of-acute-bipolar-depressive-episode-with-psychosis
#14
Marco Antonio Caldieraro, Steven Dufour, Louisa G Sylvia, Keming Gao, Terence A Ketter, William V Bobo, Samantha Walsh, Jessica Janos, Mauricio Tohen, Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Susan L McElroy, Richard C Shelton, Charles L Bowden, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of psychosis on the treatment of bipolar depression is remarkably understudied. The primary aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of bipolar depressed individuals with and without psychosis. The secondary aim was to compare the effect of lithium and quetiapine, each with adjunctive personalized treatments (APTs), in the psychotic subgroup. METHODS: We assessed participants with DSM-IV bipolar depression included in a comparative effectiveness study of lithium and quetiapine with APTs (the Bipolar CHOICE study)...
January 12, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325988/arboriscoccus-pini-gen-nov-sp-nov-an-endophyte-from-a-pine-tree-of-the-class-alphaproteobacteria-emended-description-of-geminicoccus-roseus-and-proposal-of-geminicoccaceae-fam-nov
#15
Diogo N Proença, William B Whitman, Neha Varghese, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C Kyrpides, Paula V Morais
Bacterial strain B29T1T was isolated from the endophytic microbial community of a Pinus pinaster tree trunk and characterized. Strain B29T1T stained Gram-negative and formed diplococci that grew optimally at 26-30°C and at pH 6.0-7.0. The G+C content of the DNA was 61.6mol%. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 10 (UK-10), and the major fatty acids were C16:0, cyclo-C19:0ω8c and C18:0 12-methyl, representing 64% of the total fatty acids. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain B29T1T within the order Rhodospirillales in a distinct lineage that also included the genus Geminicoccus...
December 22, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321938/noncontiguous-finished-genome-sequence-and-description-of-mediterranea-massiliensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-member-of-the-bacteroidaceae-family-isolated-from-human-colon
#16
I I Ngom, M Mailhe, D Ricaboni, V Vitton, A Benezech, S Khelaifia, C Michelle, F Cadoret, N Armstrong, A Levasseur, D Raoult, M Million
Strain Marseille-P2645T was isolated in a colon sample from a Frenchwoman who underwent a colonoscopy. Bacterial cells were Gram negative, non-spore forming, mobile and strictly anaerobic. The genome of strain Marseille-P2645T is 3 950 441 bp long and contains 3374 protein-coding genes. The DNA G+C content is of 51.66 mol%. Strain Marseille-P2645T exhibited a 92.9% sequence similarity with Bacteroides helcogenes strain P36-108T (GenBank accession no. CP002352), the phylogenetically closest species with standing in nomenclature...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317742/psychiatric-genetics-and-the-structure-of-psychopathology
#17
REVIEW
Jordan W Smoller, Ole A Andreassen, Howard J Edenberg, Stephen V Faraone, Stephen J Glatt, Kenneth S Kendler
For over a century, psychiatric disorders have been defined by expert opinion and clinical observation. The modern DSM has relied on a consensus of experts to define categorical syndromes based on clusters of symptoms and signs, and, to some extent, external validators, such as longitudinal course and response to treatment. In the absence of an established etiology, psychiatry has struggled to validate these descriptive syndromes, and to define the boundaries between disorders and between normal and pathologic variation...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306597/vagococcus-teuberi-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-malian-artisanal-sour-milk-f%C3%A3-n%C3%A3
#18
Stephan Wullschleger, Christoph Jans, Clelia Seifert, Sarah Baumgartner, Christophe Lacroix, Bassirou Bonfoh, Marc J A Stevens, Leo Meile
Ten bacterial isolates belonging to the genus Vagococcus were obtained from Malian sour milk fènè produced from spontaneously fermented cow milk. However, these isolates could not be assigned to a species upon initial comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and were therefore further characterized. Rep-PCR fingerprinting of the isolates yielded four strain clusters represented by strains CG-21T (=DSM 21459T), 24CA, CM21 and 9H. Sequence identity of the 16S rRNA gene of DSM 21459T to its closest relative species Vagococcus penaei was 97...
December 21, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288745/a-translational-approach-to-the-genetics-of-anxiety-disorders
#19
N W McGregor, J J Dimatelis, P J Van Zyl, S M J Hemmings, C Kinnear, V A Russell, D J Stein, C Lochner
There have been important advances in our understanding of the genetic architecture of anxiety disorders. At the same time, relatively few genes have reached genome wide significance in anxiety disorders, and there is relatively little work on how exposure to an adverse environment impacts on gene expression in either animal models or human clinical populations. Here we assessed differential expression of genes of the dorsal striatum involved in synaptic transmission in an animal models of early adversity (maternal separation followed by restraint stress), and investigated whether variants in these genes were associated with risk for anxiety disorders, particularly in the presence of environmental stressors...
December 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279139/photobacterium-carnosum-sp-nov-isolated-from-spoiled-modified-atmosphere-packaged-poultry-meat
#20
Maik Hilgarth, Sandra Fuertes, Matthias Ehrmann, Rudi F Vogel
Analysis of spoilage-associated microbiota of modified-atmosphere packaged poultry meat revealed four different bacterial isolates that could not be assigned to known species. They showed a Gram-negative staining behavior, were facultatively aerobic, non-motile with variable cell morphology. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA and gyrB, rpoD and recA revealed a distinct lineage within the genus Photobacterium with Photobacterium (P.) iliopiscarium DSM 9896T, P. phosphoreum DSM 15556T, P. kishitanii DSM 19954T, P...
December 19, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
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