Read by QxMD icon Read


Ram Hari Dahal, Jaisoo Kim
A novel bacterium, designated strain CA-1T , was isolated from forest soil in Kyonggi University. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and red-orange-pigmented. Strain CA-1T hydrolysed casein and DNA. It was able to grow at 15-37 °C, pH 5.5-9.0 and at 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Flexirubin-type pigments were present. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CA-1T formed a lineage within the family Crocinitomicaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes that was distinct from Fluviicola hefeinensis MYL-8T (96...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Mary V Solanto
OBJECTIVE: Three recent prospective longitudinal studies of population cohorts reported nontrivial rates of "adult-onset" ADHD. Given that this result is at odds with the neurodevelopmental conceptualization of ADHD, as well as with general clinical experience, we obtained report of onset of symptoms in a clinical sample of adults diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: One hundred four adults diagnosed with ADHD completed retrospective ratings of DSM-IV/DSM-5 ADHD symptoms between the ages of 5 and 12 years...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Ateka A Contractor, Stephanie V Caldas, Megan Dolan, Susan Lagdon, Chérie Armour
To investigate the effect of the count of traumatizing event (TE) types on post-trauma mental health, several studies have compared posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity between individuals experiencing one versus multiple TE types. However, the validity of these studies depends on the establishment of measurement invariance of the construct(s) of interest. The current study examined the stability of the most optimal PTSD Model symptom cluster constructs (assessed by the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 [PCL-5]) across subgroups experiencing one versus multiple TE types...
March 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Jane Ludvigsen, Davide Porcellato, Gro V Amdam, Knut Rudi
The gut microbiota of honeybees (Apis) and bumblebees (Bombus) include the symbiotic bacterial genus Gilliamella. This genus shows a high degree of functional and genomic diversity and separates into distinct lineages. Gilliamella apicola wkB1T , which was isolated from Apis, was the first species to be described. Recently four new species, isolated from Bombus, were identified. In this paper, we compare several genomes/strains from previous studies spanning this diversity, which gives insight into the phylogenetic relationship among different Gilliamella species...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, creamy-white and rod-coccus shaped actinobacterium, designated strain Ktm-20T , capable of degrading petroleum oil was isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Strain Ktm-20T was able to grow at 15-37 °C, at pH 5.5-10.0 and at 0.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain Ktm-20T belonged to the genus Rhodococcus and is closely related to Rhodococcus triatomae DSM 44892T , Rhodococcus pedocola UC12T , Rhodococcus wratislaviensis NBRC 100605T , Rhodococcus agglutinans CFH S0262T and Rhodococcus canchipurensis MBRL 353T (98...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Thomas J Spencer, Pradeep Bhide, Jinmin Zhu, Stephen V Faraone, Maura Fitzgerald, Amy M Yule, Mai Uchida, Andrea E Spencer, Anna M Hall, Ariana J Koster, Leah Feinberg, Sarah Kassabian, Barbara Storch, Joseph Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Supratherapeutic doses of methylphenidate activate μ-opioid receptors, which are linked to euphoria. This study assessed whether naltrexone, a mixed μ-opioid antagonist, may attenuate the euphoric effects of stimulants, thereby minimizing their abuse potential in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We conducted a 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of naltrexone in adults with DSM-IV ADHD receiving open treatment with a long-acting formulation of methylphenidate (January 2013 to June 2015)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Sidong Zhu, Danqiu Lin, Shangling Xiong, Xing Wang, Zehao Xue, Bingxia Dong, Xudong Shen, Xiangdong Ma, Jigang Chen, Jifang Yang
A novel, alkaliphilic, psychrotolerant, facultative anaerobe, designated CP1T , was isolated from sandy soil near the Davis Station in Antarctica. The short-rod-shaped cells displayed Gram-positive staining and did not form spores. Strain CP1T was able to grow at temperatures between 4 and 36 °C, pH 6.0-9.5, and in the presence of up to 5.0 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene and multilocus (pheS, rpoA, and atpA) sequence analysis revealed Carnobacterium mobile DSM 4848T and Carnobacterium iners LMG 26642T as the closest relatives (97...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yue-Hong Wu, Jing Yan, Chen Fang, Ying-Yi Huo, Wei-Lin Ma, De-Min Zhang, Chun-Sheng Wang, Xue-Wei Xu
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated LA399T , was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Pacific Ocean. Cells of strain LA399T grew in the medium containing 0-10.0 % of NaCl (w/v; optimum 3.0-5.0 %), pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum 7.0) and 20-40 °C (optimum 37 °C). Aesculin, gelatin, starch and Tween 80 were hydrolysed. Strain LA399T was closely related to Gracilimonas halophila WDS2C40T (97.0 % sequence similarity), Gracilimonas mengyeensis YIM J14T (96...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ananta N Panda, Samir Ranjan Mishra, Lopamudra Ray, Surajit Das, Gurdeep Rastogi, Ajit Kumar Pattanaik, Tapan Kumar Adhya, Mrutyunjay Suar, Vishakha Raina
moderately halophilic spore forming, motile, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strain designated as KGW1T was isolated from water sample of Chilika Lake and characterized taxonomically using polyphasic approach. The strain grew in the presence of 0-25% (w/v) NaCl in marine salt agar media, hydrolyzes casein, and gelatin and shows presence of alkaline proteases. The major cell wall menaquinone was MK7 and major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 (44.89%), anteiso-C17:0 (6.18%), isoC15:0 (19.38%), and iso-C16:0 (7...
April 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
David Beltrán, María Romo-Vaquero, Juan C Espín, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, Maria V Selma
Urolithins are gut microbial metabolites that exert health benefits in vivo and are generated from ellagic acid (EA) and ellagitannin-containing foods such as strawberries, pomegranates and walnuts. Gordonibacter species produce some intermediary urolithins but the micro-organisms responsible for the transformation of EA into the final and more bioactive urolithins, such as urolithin A and isourolithin A, are unknown. We report here a new bacterium, capable of metabolizing EA into isourolithin A, isolated from healthy human faeces and characterized by determining phenotypic, biochemical and molecular methods...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Naji M Bassil, Jonathan R Lloyd
Strain NB2006T was isolated from an isosaccharinate-degrading, nitrate-reducing enrichment culture in minimal freshwater medium at pH 10. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that this strain was most closely related to species of the newly established genus Anaerobacillus. This was supported by phenotypic and metabolic characterisation that showed that NB2006T was rod-shaped, Gram-stain-positive, motile and formed endospores. It was an aerotolerant anaerobe and an obligate alkaliphile that grew at pH 8...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xiao-Xia Luo, Guang-Bin Gao, Zhan-Feng Xia, Zheng-Jun Chen, Chuan-Xing Wan, Li-Li Zhang
The taxonomic position of a novel actinomycete, strain TRM 41337T , isolated from sediment of a salt lake, Xiaoerkule Lake, Xinjiang, China, was determined by a polyphasic approach. Strain TRM 41337T grew optimally at 28 °C and in the presence of 1 % (w/v) NaCl. It grew at up to pH 12. The whole-cell sugars of strain TRM 41337T were ribose and xylose. The diagnostic diamino acid contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositolmannoside and two other unidentified phospholipids...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Marina L Mokrishcheva, Attila Kertesz-Farkas, Dmitri V Nikitin
Type II restriction endonucleases and modification DNA-methyltransferases are key instruments of genetic engineering. Recently the number of proteins assigned to this group exceeds 8500. Subtype IIC organizes bifunctional endonuclease-methyltransferase enzymes and currently consists of 16 described members. Here we present phylogenetic tree of 22 new potential bifunctional endonucleases. The majority of them are thought to be fusions of a restriction nuclease with a DNA-methyltransferase and a target recognition subunit of type I restriction-modification systems (R-M-S structure)...
March 21, 2018: Gene
Can Chen, Nusratgul Anwar, Chen Wu, Geyi Fu, Ruijun Wang, Choangya Zhang, Yuehong Wu, Cong Sun, Min Wu
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated MC28T , was isolated from storage liquid collected from the stems of Populus euphratica in the Xinjiang province of China. The growth range of NaCl concentration was 0.5-6.0 % (w/v), with an optimum at 3.0 % (w/v), the temperature range for growth was 10-45 °C, with an optimum at 40 °C, and the pH range for growth was 6.0-9.0, with an optimum around pH 8.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain MC28T formed a distinct lineage in the clade of genus Halomonas and is closely related to Halomonas desiderata DSM 9502T (96...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yuli Wei, Jiasong Fang, Yunping Xu, Weiqiang Zhao, Junwei Cao
A novel heterotrophic, Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain NBT06-6T , was isolated from the deep seawater in the New Britain Trench and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal bacterial growth occurred at 35 °C (range 22-41 °C), at pH 6 (4-8) and with 4 % (w/v) NaCl (0-10 %). The strain grew at hydrostatic pressures of 0.1-100 MPa (optimum, 0.1 MPa) at 35 °C. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain NBT06-6T belonged to the genus Corynebacterium, with the highest sequence similarity (97...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Stephanie Vandentorren, Philippe Pirard, Alice Sanna, Lyderic Aubert, Yvon Motreff, Nicolas Dantchev, Sophie Lesieur, Pierre Chauvin, Thierry Baubet
BACKGROUND: Terrorist attacks occurred in Paris in January 2015. Aims To assess the mental health impact and the access to psychomedical care of people exposed to the attacks. METHOD: We implemented an open-cohort design 6 and 18 months after the attacks. Exposed civilians and rescue workers were included according to the exposure criteria A for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in DSM-5. A face-to-face questionnaire conducted by trained psychologists was used to collect sociodemographic characteristics, exposure level, scores on psychometric scales, an international neuropsychiatric interview and access to care...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: I review the historical antecedents of the two key features of the bereavement exclusion (BE) for major depression (MD) criteria initially proposed in DSM-III: (i) a context-dependent approach to the evaluation of MD which required that the diagnosis be given only when course, symptoms and signs are 'out of proportion' to experienced adversities, and (ii) bereavement is the sole adversity for which this context-dependent approach should be utilized. METHODS: A review of 49 textbook and review articles on depression or melancholia published 1880-1960...
March 20, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Stefanie Amend, Roland Frankenberger, Susanne Lücker, Eugen Domann, Norbert Krämer
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to establish Lactobacillus casei in a completely automated Streptococcus mutans-based artificial mouth model and to investigate secondary caries inhibiting properties of glass ionomer cements / resin composite groups in vitro. METHODS: Sixty extracted, caries-free human third molars were used for preparation of standardized class-V-cavities. Specimens were restored with a resin-modified (Photac Fil; PF) as well as a conventional glass ionomer cement (Ketac Molar; KM) and one resin composite bonded with and without conduction of etch-and-rinse technique (Prime&Bond NT, Ceram X mono; C+ERT, C)...
March 12, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Edith V Sullivan, Natalie M Zahr, Stephanie A Sassoon, Wesley K Thompson, Dongjin Kwon, Kilian M Pohl, Adolf Pfefferbaum
Importance: The prevalence of alcohol misuse increased substantially over a decade in adults, particularly in those aged 65 years or older. Ramifications for brain structural integrity are significant, especially in older adults. Objectives: To combine cross-sectional, longitudinal data to test age-alcoholism interactions and examine the association between prevalent comorbidities (drug dependence and hepatitis C virus [HCV] infection) and cortical volume deficits in alcohol dependence...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
D Zoenen, V Delvenne
INTRODUCTION: The processing of information coming from the elementary sensory systems conditions the development and fulfilment of a child's abilities. A dysfunction in the sensory stimuli processing may generate behavioural patterns that might affect a child's learning capacities as well as his relational sphere. The DSM-5 recognizes the sensory abnormalities as part of the symptomatology of Autism Spectrum Disorders. However, similar features are observed in other neurodevelopmental disorders...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"