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Stephen Greenspan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is a descriptive v-code that is often used, especially in forensic settings, as if it were a full-fledged disorder. Various historical and other aspects of this classification are reviewed, and commentary is made on the question of whether to upgrade BIF to a regular psychiatric category, or to eliminate it by folding it into an already recently expanded category of intellectual developmental disorder (IDD). RECENT FINDINGS: Full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) is an outmoded concept that is decreasingly being used...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
January 11, 2017: LGBT Health
Yong Li, Meng-Jie Ai, Ye Sun, Yu-Qin Zhang, Jian-Qiang Zhang
A phosphate-solubilizing bacterium, designated CPCC 100624T, was isolated from a fresh water reservoir in south-west China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison of strain CPCC 100624T with the available sequences in the GenBank database showed that the isolate was closely related to the members of the genus Spirosoma. In the phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain CPCC 100624T formed a stable phylogenetic subclade with Spirosoma soli MIMBbqt12T within the genus Spirosoma, which indicated that strain CPCC 100624T could be identified as a member of the genus Spirosoma...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Inam Ullah Khan, Firasat Hussain, Ye Tian, Neeli Habib, Wen-Dong Xian, Zhao Jiang, Arshia Amin, Chang-Guo Yuan, En-Min Zhou, Xiao-Yang Zhi, Wen-Jun Li
Two closely related thermophilic bacterial strains, designated YIM 73013T and YIM 73008 were isolated from a sediment sample collected from a hot spring in Tibet, western Tibet province, China. Taxonomic positions of the two isolates were investigated using a polyphasic approach. The novel isolates were Gram-staining negative, aerobic, short rod shaped and motile by means of a polar flagellum. They were oxidase and catalase positive and were able to grow at 30-55 °C (optimum, 37-45 °C), pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
S Foster, M Mohler-Kuo
AIMS: Previous research failed to uncover a replicable dimensional structure underlying the symptoms of depression. We aimed to examine two neglected methodological issues in this research: (a) adjusting symptom correlations for overall depression severity; and (b) analysing general population samples v. subsamples of currently depressed individuals. METHODS: Using population-based cross-sectional and longitudinal data from two nations (Switzerland, 5883 young men; USA, 2174 young men and 2244 young women) we assessed the dimensions of the nine DSM-IV depression symptoms in young adults...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
J J McGrath, K A McLaughlin, S Saha, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, R Bruffaerts, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, O Esan, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, V Kovess-Masfety, S Lee, J P Lepine, C C W Lim, M E Medina-Mora, Z Mneimneh, B E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, N Sampson, M C Viana, M Xavier, E J Bromet, K S Kendler, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Although there is robust evidence linking childhood adversities (CAs) and an increased risk for psychotic experiences (PEs), little is known about whether these associations vary across the life-course and whether mental disorders that emerge prior to PEs explain these associations. METHOD: We assessed CAs, PEs and DSM-IV mental disorders in 23 998 adults in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Discrete-time survival analysis was used to investigate the associations between CAs and PEs, and the influence of mental disorders on these associations using multivariate logistic models...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
J Biederman, P Hammerness, B Sadeh, Z Peremen, A Amit, H Or-Ly, Y Stern, A Reches, A Geva, S V Faraone
BACKGROUND: A previous small study suggested that Brain Network Activation (BNA), a novel ERP-based brain network analysis, may have diagnostic utility in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study we examined the diagnostic capability of a new advanced version of the BNA methodology on a larger population of adults with and without ADHD. METHOD: Subjects were unmedicated right-handed 18- to 55-year-old adults of both sexes with and without a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
M Crusco, F Massoni, E Luzi, P Ricci, M Pelosi, P Corbosiero, M Rapp-Ricciardi, S Ricci
BACKGROUND: The Gambling Disorder (GD) was recently defined as a behavioral addiction by the "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV"( DSM-V) since the clinical, neurobiological and psychopathological similarities led it to be defined it as an addiction "sine substantia". The aim of this study is to formulate an "identikit" of the gambler, to evaluate a possible association between GD / emotional specific factors and the correlation between GD / substance abuse, GD / suicide...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
D Ricaboni, M Mailhe, F Cadoret, V Vitton, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, J-C Lagier
We report here the main characteristics of 'Merdibacter massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3254(T) (= CSUR P3254 = DSM 103475), which was isolated from human ileum.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
D Ricaboni, M Mailhe, J-C Lagier, C Michelle, N Armstrong, F Bittar, V Vitton, A Benezech, D Raoult, M Million
Strain Marseille-P2915(T), a Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic and nonmotile coccus, was isolated from the gastric lavage of a patient with severe anaemia. The 16S rRNA and rpoB gene comparison exhibited a sequence identity of 98.7 and 92.6% with Streptococcus infantis strain JCM 10157(T), respectively, collocating it within the 'Streptococcus mitis' group. On the basis of phenotypic and genomic analysis, we propose the validation of the type strain Streptococcus timonensis sp. nov. Marseille-P2915T (= DSM 103349 = CSUR P2915)...
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Jian Zhang, Niklas Manz, Madhavi Rangaswamy, Chella Kamarajan, Leah Wetherill, David B Chorlian, Sun J Kang, Lance Bauer, Victor Hesselbrock, John Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, John I Nurnberger, Jay Tischfield, Jen Chyong Wang, Howard J Edenberg, Alison Goate, Tatiana Foroud, Bernice Porjesz
BACKGROUND: Differences in fast beta (20-28 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) oscillatory activity distinguish some individuals with psychiatric and substance use disorders, suggesting that it may be a useful endophenotype for studying the genetics of disorders characterized by neural hyper-excitability. Despite the high heritability estimates provided by twin and family studies, there have been relatively few genetic studies of beta EEG, and to date only one genetic association finding has replicated (i...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
I Grande, J Sanchez-Moreno, B Sole, E Jimenez, C Torrent, C M Bonnin, C Varo, R Tabares-Seisdedos, V Balanzá-Martínez, E Valls, I Morilla, A F Carvalho, J L Ayuso-Mateos, E Vieta, A Martinez-Aran
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) reflects the capacity of the brain to endure neuropathology, minimize clinical manifestations and successfully complete cognitive tasks. The present study aims to determine whether high CR may constitute a moderator of cognitive functioning in bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: 102 patients with BD and 32 healthy controls were enrolled. All patients met DSM-IV criteria for I or II BD and were euthymic (YMRS≤6 and HDRS≤8) during a 6-month period...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Emil F Coccaro, Jennifer R Fanning, Eliana Fisher, Laurel Couture, Royce J Lee
A computerized version of an assessment of Social-Emotional Information Processing (SEIP) using audio-video film stimuli instead of written narrative vignettes was developed for use in adult participants. This task allows for an assessment of encoding or relevant/irrelevant social-emotional information, attribution bias, and endorsement of appropriate, physically aggressive, and relationally aggressive responses to aversive social-emotional stimuli. The psychometric properties of this Video-SEIP (V-SEIP) assessment were examined in 75 healthy controls (HC) and in 75 individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) and were also compared with the original questionnaire (SEIP-Q) version of the task (HC=26; IED=26)...
November 8, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Kamal Elkahlout, Siamak Alipour, Inci Eroglu, Ufuk Gunduz, Meral Yucel
In this study, agar immobilization technique was employed for biological hydrogen production using Rhodobacter capsulatus DSM 1710 (wild type) and YO3 (hup-mutant) strains in sequential batch process. Different agar and glutamate concentrations were tested with defined nutrient medium. Agar concentration 4% (w/v) and 4 mM glutamate were selected for bacterial immobilization in terms of rate and longevity of hydrogen production. Acetate concentration was increased from 40 to 60-100 and 60 mM gave best results with both bacterial strains immobilized in 4% (w/v) agar...
December 20, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
A straw-coloured, Gram-staining negative, aerobic, motile, and rod shaped bacterium, designated strain K-1-15T, was isolated from reclaimed grassland soil of Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal. This strain was non-spore forming, catalase-negative, and oxidase-positive. It was able to grow at 10-45°C, pH 6.5-9.5, and 0-1.5% (w/v) NaCl concentration. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain K-1-15T formed a distinct lineage within the family Oxalobacteraceae and was most closely related to genera Herbaspirillum (96...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Evgenii N Frolov, Ilya V Kublanov, Stepan V Toshchakov, Nazar I Samarov, Andrei A Novikov, Alexander V Lebedinsky, Elizaveta A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Nikolai A Chernyh
A new obligately anaerobic sulfate-reducing microorganism, strain 3127-1T, was isolated from geothermally heated soil (Oil Site, Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Russia). The new isolate was a moderately thermoacidophilic anaerobe able to grow on H2 or formate by sulfate or thiosulfate respiration. The pH range for growth was 3.7 - 6.5, with an optimum at 4.8-5.0. The temperature range for growth was 37 - 65 °C, with an optimum at 55 °C. The G+C content of genomic DNA was 33.7%. The genome of strain 3127-1T contained two almost identical 16S rRNA genes, differing by a single nucleotide substitution...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ye-Ji Hwang, Sa-Youl Ghim
Strain KUDC4121T was isolated from the rhizosphere of Acer okamotoanum, a plant native to the Korean island of Ulleungdo. The strain is a Gram stain-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium that can grow at 18-37 °C and pH 6.0-7.5, with optimum growth at 30 °C and pH 7.0. It grows on tryptic soy agar containing less than 0.5% NaCl (w/v) and in R2A broth. The cell length ranges from 2.0 to 2.5 μm. KUDC4121T is oxidase- and catalase-positive and does not hydrolyse starch or casein. The genomic G+C content is 48...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
A P Ringoot, P W Jansen, J Rijlaarsdam, P So, V W V Jaddoe, F C Verhulst, H Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Problem behavior of young children is generally not assessed with structured child interviews. This paper examined how information about problem behavior, obtained by structured interviews with six-year-old children, relates to DSM-disorders obtained from parents and to treatment referral. METHODS: In a population-based cohort, caregivers of 1084 young children (mean age 6.7 years) were interviewed with the DSM-based Diagnostic Interview Schedule-Young Child version (DISC-YC), and they scored the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Amira M Embaby, Ramy R Melika, Ahmed Hussein, Amal H El-Kamel, Heba S Marey
Pectic-Oligosaccharides (POS) have a growing potential in food and feed industries. To satisfy the demand of worldwide markets from POS and avoid the shortcomings of currently applied methodologies encountered in their preparation, the present study highlights a novel robust approach for POS biosynthesis. In the current approach, Aspergillus sp.section Flavi strain EGY1 DSM 101520 was grown on citrus pectin-based medium as a core POS production medium. POS' levels accumulated in the fungal fermentation broth were optimized through a three step sequential statistical mathematical methodology; Plackett-Burman design (PBD), Box-Behnken design (BBD) and canonical analysis...
2016: PloS One
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