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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820124/bacillus-wudalianchiensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-grass-soils-of-the-wudalianchi-scenic-area
#1
Bo Liu, Guo-Hong Liu, Cetin Sengonca, Peter Schumann, Jie-Ping Wang, Yu-Jing Zhu, Hai-Feng Zhang
A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium, designated FJAT-27215T, was isolated from grass soil collected from Wudalianchi in the Heilongjiang Province of China. Growth was observed at 10-60 °C (optimum 30 °C), in 0 and 3.0 % NaCl (optimum 0 %) and at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum 7.0), respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the isoprenoid quinone was MK7. The main fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, and iso-C16 : 0...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820108/nakamurella-intestinalis-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-faeces-of-pseudorhynchus-japonicus
#2
Soo-Jin Kim, Hayoung Cho, Jae-Ho Joa, Moriyuki Hamada, Jae-Hyung Ahn, Hang-Yeon Weon, Soon-Wo Kwon
One strain, designated 63MJ-1T, was isolated from fresh faeces of broad-winged katydids collected in Jinan-gun, Jeollabuk-do, the Republic of Korea. The organism stained Gram-positive and was an aerobic, non-flagellated and short-rod-shaped bacterium. The organism grew in the range of 4-35 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0), and in the presence of 5 % NaCl (w/v), but not in media containing 7 % NaCl. According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain 63MJ-1T showed the highest sequence similarities with Nakamurella panacisegetis P4-7T (95...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820088/bacillus-praedii-sp-nov-isolated-from-purplish-paddy-soil
#3
Bo Liu, Guo-Hong Liu, Cetin Sengonca, Peter Schumann, Jie-Ping Wang, Yu-Jing Zhu, Qin-Ying Liu, Ming-Kuang Wang
A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium, designated strain FJAT-25547T, was isolated from the purplish paddy soil collected from Linshan Township, Yanting Prefecture of Sichuan Province in PR China (31° 16' N 105° 27' E). Growth was achieved aerobically at temperatures between 15 and 40 °C (optimum 30 °C), with between 0 and 10.0 % NaCl (w/v) (optimum 4 %) and in the range of pH 5.0-12.0 (optimum pH 9.0). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, and the main isoprenoid quinone was MK-7...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#4
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809144/defluviimonas-nitratireducens-sp-nov-isolated-from-surface-seawater
#5
Yang Liu, Qiliang Lai, Wanpeng Wang, Zongze Shao
A bacterial strain, designated DL5-4T, was isolated from the surface seawater of Dalian Bay and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of DL5-4T were Gram-staining-negative, non-motile and short-rod-shaped. Growth was observed at 8-40 °C (optimum 28-30 °C), at pH 6-9 (optimum pH 7) and in 0-7 % NaCl (optimum 1-3 %, w/v). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that DL5-4T formed an independent branch with members of the genus Defluviimonas, sharing high similarities with five related type strains, Defluviimonas aquaemixtae CDM-7T (96...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809140/planococcus-ruber-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-polluted-farmland-soil-sample
#6
Xu Wang, Zhi Wang, Xueqiu Zhao, Xing Huang, Yu Zhou, Wen-Jun Li
A pale-red-pigmented bacterial strain, designated CW1T, was isolated from a polluted soil sample in China and was characterized by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain CW1T was Gram-stain-positive (or variable), coccoid, motile by a single polar flagellum and non-spore-forming. Growth was observed at 15-37 °C, but not at 10 °C or 40 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and with 0-5 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain CW1T belongs to the genus Planococcus. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between CW1T and the four most closely related type strains, Planococcus antarcticus DSM 14505T, Planococcus halocryophilus DSM 24743T, Planomicrobium soli XN13T and Planomicrobium okeanokoites NBRC 12536T were 97...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809139/paraphaeobacter-pallidus-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-seawater
#7
Xiulei Cai, Yanan Wang, Xiaoting Yang, Ji Liu, Yanhong Wu, Xiao-Hua Zhang
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium with a single polar flagellum, designated strain DCSW07T, was isolated from the surface water of the Bohai Sea, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain DCSW07T shared highest similarity (96.97 %) with Phaeobacter gallaeciensis DSM 26640T, formed a lineage within the family Rhodobacteraceae and was distinct from the most closely related genera Phaeobacter and Pseudooceanicola (96.6-96.8 and 95.8-96.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively)...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#8
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802691/the-genome-analysis-of-oleiphilus-messinensis-me102-dsm-13489-t-reveals-backgrounds-of-its-obligate-alkane-devouring-marine-lifestyle
#9
Stepan V Toshchakov, Alexei A Korzhenkov, Tatyana N Chernikova, Manuel Ferrer, Olga V Golyshina, Michail M Yakimov, Peter N Golyshin
Marine bacterium Oleiphilus messinensis ME102 (DSM 13489(T)) isolated from the sediments of the harbor of Messina (Italy) is a member of the order Oceanospirillales, class Gammaproteobacteria, representing the physiological group of marine obligate hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria (OHCB) alongside the members of the genera Alcanivorax, Oleispira, Thalassolituus, Cycloclasticus and Neptunomonas. These organisms play a crucial role in the natural environmental cleanup in marine systems. Despite having the largest genome (6...
August 9, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799031/spirosoma-metallum-sp-nov-isolated-from-an-automobile-air-conditioning-system
#10
Dong-Uk Kim, Hyosun Lee, Suyeon Lee, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, So Yoon Park, Jong-Ok Ka
A Gram-stain-negative and yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated TX0653(T), was isolated from an automobile evaporator core collected in Korea. The cells were aerobic and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 10-28 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 6.0-7.5 (optimum, 6.5), and in the presence of 0-1% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetically, the strain was related to members of the genus Spirosoma (95.1-90.8% 16S rRNA sequence similarity) and distantly related to Spirosoma pulveris JSH5-14(T) (95.1%), Spirosoma fluviale MSd3(T) (95...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795659/role-of-mycotoxins-in-the-pathobiology-of-autism-a-first-evidence
#11
Barbara De Santis, Carlo Brera, Alessandra Mezzelani, Sabina Soricelli, Francesca Ciceri, Giorgio Moretti, Francesca Debegnach, Maria Clara Bonaglia, Laura Villa, Massimo Molteni, Maria Elisabetta Raggi
OBJECTIVES: Gene-environment interaction is an emerging hypothesis to expound not only the autism pathogenesis but also the increased incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (such as autistic spectrum disorder, attention-deficit, hyperactivity disorder). Among xenobiotics, mycotoxins are worldwide contaminants of food that provoke toxicological effects, crucially resembling several symptoms associated with autism such as oxidative stress, intestinal permeability, and inflammation. Here, we focused on a group of mycotoxins to test their role in the manifestation of autism, try to explain their mechanism of action, and discuss possible preventive and therapeutic interventions...
August 10, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795065/psycho-social-and-mental-variables-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traffic-accident-survivors-in-northern-iran
#12
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients. METHODS: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. Psycho-social characteristics associated to PTSD were explored in these survivors in an outpatient clinic. They completed the questionnaires via interview between six weeks to six months after accident...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792375/sphingomonas-olei-sp-nov-with-the-ability-to-degrade-aliphatic-hydrocarbons-isolated-from-oil-contaminated-soil
#13
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
A yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated K-1-16T, that is capable of degrading aliphatic hydrocarbons was isolated from oil-contaminated soil at Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal. It was able to grow at 15-45 °C, at pH 5.5-9.5 and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain K-1-16T belongs to the genus Sphingomonas and is closely related to Sphingomonas mucosissima CP173-2T (98...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792369/marinobacter-aquaticus-sp-nov-a-moderately-halophilic-bacterium-from-a-solar-saltern
#14
María José León, Cristina Sánchez-Porro, Antonio Ventosa
A moderately halophilic bacterium designated strain M6-53T was isolated from water of a pond from a marine saltern located in Huelva, south-west Spain. Cells of the strain were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile, slightly curved rods, able to grow in media containing 5-25 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal growth at 10 %, w/v), at temperatures from 20 to 40 °C (optimally at 37 °C) and at pH 6.5-9 (optimally at pH 7.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the new isolate within the genus Marinobacter, with the type strains of the most closely related species being Marinobacter persicus IBRC-M 10445T (98...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792366/meiothermus-luteus-sp-nov-a-slightly-thermophilic-bacterium-isolated-from-a-hot-spring
#15
Neeli Habib, Inam Ullah Khan, Firasat Hussain, En-Min Zhou, Min Xiao, Lei Dong, Xiao-Yang Zhi, Wen-Jun Li
A slightly thermophilic, aerobic bacterium, designated YIM 72257T, was isolated from a sediment sample taken from a hot spring in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. The isolate was Gram-stain-negative, non-sporulating and forms non-motile rods, appearing in chains. The isolate grew at 50-65 °C, pH 6.0-9.0 and with 0.5-1 % NaCl (w/v). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain YIM 72257T was most closely related to Meiothermus cateniformans LY1T (95.6 %), Meiothermus ruber DSM 1279T (95...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780748/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-i-yfas-2-0-in-a-sample-of-undergraduate-students
#16
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Rita Cristina Rodríguez Muñoz, Susana Jiménez Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) refers to a condition characterized by addiction in relation to some high-fat and high-sugar carbohydrate that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress on several areas of functioning. The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) has been recently updated to measure FA according to the DSM-5 criteria for substance-related and addictive disorders. This study aimed at validating the Italian version of YFAS 2.0. METHODS: A sample of 574 Italian university students was involved in this research...
August 5, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771118/marinomonas-epiphytica-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-marine-intertidal-macroalga
#17
Anup Kumar Ojha, Ashish Verma, Yash Pal, Deepak Bhatt, Shanmugam Mayilraj, Srinivasan Krishnamurthi
A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic marine bacterial strain, SAB-3T, was isolated from brown macroalgae (Dictyota sp.) growing in the Arabian sea, Goa, India. The strain grew optimally at 30 °C, with 2.0-4.0 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 7.0 on marine agar medium. Strain SAB-3T was unable to hydrolyse aesculin and did not grow in the presence of rifamycin but showed resistance to antibiotics such as cefadroxil and co-trimoxazole. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0, and Q-8 was the major ubiquinone...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764291/impact-of-alcohol-dependency-on-oral-health-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#18
Kakarla Priyanka, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, Rvs Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive psychiatric illness characterised by a loss of control over alcohol consumption. Consumption of alcohol inevitably affects the oral cavity, oral mucosa and teeth. Literature indicates that alcohol dependents may have increased risk of dental caries, probing pocket depth and mucosal lesions. AIM: To assess the impact of alcohol dependency on oral health status among alcoholics in comparison with non alcoholics...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755311/sphingomonas-montana-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-soil-sample-from-the-tanggula-mountain-in-the-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#19
Pooja Manandhar, Gengxin Zhang, Arun Lama, Fei Liu, Yilun Hu
An orange pigmented, Gram-staining negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a soil from the Tanggula Mountain, China was studied using a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain W16RD(T) was found to be closely related to Sphingomonas prati DSM 103336(T) (99%), Sphingomonas fennica DSM 13665(T) (97.21%), followed by Sphingomonas laterariae DSM 25432(T) (96.44%), Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans CGMCC 1.10206 (T) (96.36%) and Sphingomonas formosensis DSM 24164(T) (96...
July 28, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754781/nongenomic-modulation-of-the-large-conductance-voltage-and-ca-2-activated-k-channels-by-estrogen-a-novel-regulatory-mechanism-in-human-detrusor-smooth-muscle
#20
Kiril L Hristov, Shankar P Parajuli, Aaron Provence, Eric S Rovner, Georgi V Petkov
Estrogens have an important role in regulating detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) function. However, the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms by which estrogens control human DSM excitability and contractility are not well known. Here, we used human DSM specimens from open bladder surgeries on 27 patients to elucidate the mechanism by which 17β-estradiol regulates large conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels, the most prominent K(+) channels in human DSM We employed single BK channel recordings on inside-out excised membrane patches, perforated whole-cell patch-clamp on freshly isolated DSM cells, and isometric tension recordings on DSM-isolated strips to investigate the mechanism by which 17β-estradiol activates BK channels...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
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