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F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
Stefanie P Glaeser, Swapnil Doijad, Muaz Hijazin, Trinad Chakraborty, Enevold Falsen, Val Hall, Peter Kämpfer
During the years 1994-2011 five strictly anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, diphtheroid bacteria (strains CCUG 31793(T), CCUG 44221, CCUG 61255, CCUG 45114, and CCUG 44993) were isolated from different clinical samples in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the five strains shared 99-100% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity among each other and 98.3-98.6% sequence similarity to Varibaculum cambriense DSM 15806(T). Genomic fingerprint patterns generated with ERIC-, BOX-, and RAPD-PCR, and whole genome sequence (WGS) based comparison by in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (isDDH), average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis and six housekeeping gene (atpA, rpoB, pgi, metG, gltA and gyrA) based multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) showed that the strains could be differentiated from V...
September 20, 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
V S Yastrebov, V G Mitikhin, T A Solokhina, I A Mitikhina
AIM: Analysis and development of conceptual models of mental health organization allowing to determine the perspective directions of its further development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The work was based on the collection of scientific publications on the problems of psychiatric care organization as well as the results of own research carried out by the authors over the last 25 years. System analysis was used for the development and analysis of the major conceptual models of mental health care...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Jie Fan, Mingtian Zhong, Jun Gan, Wanting Liu, Chaoyang Niu, Haiyan Liao, Hongchun Zhang, Changlian Tan, Jinyao Yi, Xiongzhao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Insight into illness is an important issue for psychiatry disorder. Although the existence of a poor insight subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was recognized in the DSM-IV, and the insight level in OCD was specified further in DSM-V, the neural underpinnings of insight in OCD have been rarely explored. The present study was designed to bridge this research gap by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS: Spontaneous neural activity were examined in 19 OCD patients with good insight (OCD-GI), 18 OCD patients with poor insight (OCD-PI), and 25 healthy controls (HC) by analyzing the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) in the resting state...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Luis Franca, Luciana Albuquerque, De-Chao Zhang, Imen Nouioui, Hans-Peter Klenk, Milton S da Costa, Rosa Margesin
A positive Gram-staining, non-motile, catalase-positive and cytochrome c oxidase-negative bacterium, designated strain S20-107T, was isolated from alpine forest soil. Growth occurred at a temperature range of 0-30 °C, at pH 6-9 and in the presence of 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain S20-107T was related to the genus Nakamurella and had the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strain of Nakamurella flavida DS-52T (96.1 %). Strain S20-107T showed <96...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Zhaoxu Ma, Shanshan Zhao, Tingting Cao, Chongxi Liu, Ying Huang, Yuhang Gao, Kai Yan, Wensheng Xiang, Xiangjing Wang
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain NEAU-QY3T, was isolated from the leaves of Sonchus oleraceus L and examined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The organism formed single spores with smooth surface on substrate mycelia. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the strain had a close association with the genus Verrucosispora and shared the highest sequence similarity with Verrucosispora qiuiae RtIII47T (99.17 %), an association that was supported by a bootstrap value of 99 % in the neighbour-joining tree and also recovered with the maximum-likelihood algorithm...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Florence Clesse, Emmanuelle Leray, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Mathilde Husky, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kui Wang, Gabriel V Pereira, Janaina J V Cavalcante, Meiling Zhang, Roderick Mackie, Isaac Cann
Many human diets contain arabinoxylan, and the ease of genome sequencing coupled with reduced cost have led to unraveling the arsenal of genes utilized by the colonic Bacteroidetes to depolymerize this polysaccharide. The colonic Bacteroidetes with potential to ferment arabinoxylans include Bacteroides intestinalis. In this study, we analyzed the hydrolytic activities of members of a xylan degradation cluster encoded on the genome of Bacteroides intestinalis DSM 17393. Here, it is demonstrated that a cocktail of the xylanolytic enzymes completely hydrolyze arabinoxylans found in human diets...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Donyez Frikha-Dammak, Marie-Laure Fardeau, Jean-Luc Cayol, Lilia Ben Fguira-Fourati, Soumaya Najeh, Bernard Ollivier, Sami Maalej
A novel filamentous, halophilic, thermotolerant bacterium, strain SMBg3T was isolated from superficial sediment of a solar saltern in Sfax, Tunisia. The isolate is Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, catalase andoxidase-positive. Its optimum growth occurred at 40-45 °C, 10 % (w/v) NaCl and pH 8.0-9.0. Long and well developed aerial and substrate mycelia, with long chains of fluorescent and circular spores, were observed on all tested media. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SMBg3T belongs to an independent phylogenetic lineage of the family Thermoactinomycetaceae and shows a gene sequence similarity of 94 % with Desmospora activa, 94...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Isabella D White, Amrit Sangha, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman
BACKGROUND: Practitioners and researchers require an outcome measure that accurately identifies the range of common treatment-induced changes in sexual function and well-being experienced by women after cervical or endometrial cancer. This systematic review critically appraised the measurement properties and clinical utility of instruments validated for the measurement of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in this clinical population. METHODS: A bibliographic database search for questionnaire development or validation papers was completed and methodological quality and measurement properties of selected studies rated using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instrument (COSMIN) checklist...
September 23, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Srinivas A, Divyasree B, Sasikala Ch, Tushar L, Dave Bharti, Ramana Ch V
A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, rod shaped bacterium (strain JC303T) isolated from a salt pan was identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as a member of the genus Jeotgalibacillus. It was most closely related to J. salarius ASL-1T (99.1%), J. alimentarius YKJ-13T (97.9%), J. soli JSM 081008 (97.9%), J. malaysiensis D5T (97.8%), J. marinus DSM 1297T (96.3%), J. campisalis SF-57T (96.1%) and J. soli P9T (94.9%). Genome relatedness based on DNA-DNA hybridization of strain JC303T with the type strains of the closest related species was less than 40%...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Darshan B Desai, Maksym V Zhelyeznyakov, Shaima A S Alanzi, Luis Grave de Peralta
We explore the convergence of the dual-space microscopy (DSM) phase-recovery algorithm. DSM is an optical microscopy technique based on simultaneous observation of an object in the position and momentum spaces. We present one-dimensional (1D) simulations of this technique, demonstrating that the DSM technique is capable to resolve periodic and nonperiodic structures with a resolution well below the Rayleigh resolution limit. Using a simple and faster 1D version of the full 2D DSM algorithm, we simulated the DSM technique for thousands of different samples...
September 10, 2016: Applied Optics
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: This study examines the role of mindfulness in predicting psychological distress in Arab parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: In this descriptive study, parents of 104 children with ASD completed measures of psychological distress and mindfulness. The severity of autism in children was measured using the DSM-V criteria. RESULTS: After controlling for parental age and gender and the severity level of ASD, mindfulness was significantly associated with the levels of anxiety, stress, and depression in parents (anxiety: β = 0...
September 20, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
L Vaivre-Douret, A Boschi, M L Cuny, C Clouard, A Mosser, B Golse, A Philippe, M Bourgeois, N Boddaert, S Puget
: Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuro-psychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François). With DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, the terminology of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) covers two main categories of infantile disorders: disorders of "strictly" autistic nature and pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
September 16, 2016: L'Encéphale
Eric Roche, John Lyne, Brian O'Donoghue, Ricardo Segurado, Caragh Behan, Laoise Renwick, Felicity Fanning, Kevin Madigan, Mary Clarke
BACKGROUND: Formal thought disorder (FTD) is associated with poor outcome in established psychotic illnesses and it can be assessed as a categorical or dimensional variable. However, its influence on functional outcome and hospitalisation patterns in early psychosis has not been investigated. We evaluated the relationship between FTD and these outcomes in a first episode psychosis (FEP) sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mixed diagnostic FEP cohort was recruited through an Early Intervention in Psychosis Service in Ireland...
September 14, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
G Dorard, C Bungener, O Phan, Y Edel, M Corcos, S Berthoz
BACKGROUND: The use of illicit substances, in particular cannabis, among French adolescents and young adults has become an important public health concern. A better understanding of the mechanisms involved in pathological substance use is nowadays critical. Psychiatric comorbidities have been previously reported in adult substance abusers but are less documented in adolescents, especially regarding cannabis dependence. OBJECTIVES: We investigated mental health problems in adolescents and young adults, seeking treatment for their problematic cannabis use, comparatively to healthy controls, taking into account the participant's gender and age...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
Enzo Grossi, Sara Melli, Delia Dunca, Vittorio Terruzzi
OBJECTIVES: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition that typically displays socio-communicative impairment as well as restricted stereotyped interests and activities, in which gastrointestinal disturbances are commonly reported. We report the case of a boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis, severe cognitive disability and celiac disease in which an unexpected improvement of autistic core symptoms was observed after four months of probiotic treatment. METHOD: The case study refers to a 12 years old boy with ASD and severe cognitive disability attending the Villa Santa Maria Institute in resident care since 2009...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Maria Camacho, Susana Redondo-Gómez, Ignacio Rodríguez-Llorente, Manfred Rohde, Cathrin Spröer, Peter Schumann, Hans-Peter Klenk, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz
A novel, halophilic, motile rod, Gram-staining-negative and non-endospore forming bacterium, designated Cs25T, was isolated in a tidal flat from the rhizosphere of the halophyte Arthrocnemum macrostachyum. Strain Cs25T was observed to be catalase negative and oxidase positive, and to hydrolyze hypoxanthine. Growth occurred from 15-40 ºC, at pH 7.0-10.0 and with 1-11 % (w/v) NaCl. Q-10 was identified as the dominant ubiquinone and the major cellular fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, 11-methyl C18:1ω7c, C20:1ω7c and C18:0...
September 11, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Andrei N Shkoporov, Boris A Efimov, Ivanela Kondova, Boudewijn Ouwerling, Andrei V Chaplin, Victoria A Shcherbakova, Jan A M Langermans
A study of the fecal microbiome in three healthy female rhesus macaques revealed the presence of a novel obligately anaerobic, chemoorganoheterotrophic, non-sporing, coccoid, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive bacterial species. Three strains of this species, designated as M108T, M916-1/1, and M919-2/1, were non-hemolytic, H2S-positive, catalase positive, bile- and NaCl-sensitive and required peptone for growth. Strains also were asaccharolytic, able to utilize sulfite, thiosulfate and elemental sulfur as electron acceptors, and produced acetic and butyric acids as metabolic end products...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Gi Gyun Nam, Yochan Joung, Jaeho Song, Yeonjung Lim, Jang-Cheon Cho
A bacterial strain, designated IMCC1731T, was isolated from an eutrophic freshwater pond and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cellular growth occurred at pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 8.0), at 10-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain IMCC1731T belonged to the genus Emticicia in the family Cytophagaceae and was most closely related to Emticicia ginsengisoli Gsoil 085T (98.1 %) followed by Emticicia paludis HMF3850T (95...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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