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macrophage catenin

Cheng-Ta Yang, Jhy-Ming Li, Wing-Keung Chu, Shu-Er Chow
The overexpression of lumican has been found in lung cancer cells; however, the functional role of lumican in lung cancer cells remains unclear. In this study, we found lumican functioned as a tubulin-binding protein and the depletion of lumican by transfection with its specific shRNA increased lung cancer cell invasion. Such alterations led to morphological changes and actin cytoskeleton remodeling, including the induction of membrane ruffling or protrusion and stress fiber formation, correlated with the increased activities of Rac and Rho...
March 16, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Zhen Yan, James P Grenert, Nancy M Joseph, Chuanli Xu, Xin Chen, Nafis Shafizadeh, Sanjay Kakar
AIMS: Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML) often shows epithelioid morphology with inconspicuous fat. Epithelioid component can mimic hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) or carcinoma (HCC). The aims were to examine the expression of commonly used markers for HCA or HCC in hepatic AML, and highlight pitfalls in diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Resected hepatic AML (n=16) were reviewed; reticulin stain, immunohistochemistry for GS, β-catenin, LFABP were performed along with Sanger sequencing of exon 3 of CTNNB1 and next generation sequencing (NGS)...
March 7, 2018: Histopathology
Zetao Chen, Lingling Chen, Runheng Liu, Yixiong Lin, Shoucheng Chen, Shifeier Lu, Zhengmei Lin, Zhuofan Chen, Chengtie Wu, Yin Xiao
A barrier membrane is a major component of guided bone regeneration (GBR), which is traditionally viewed as a physical barrier. Due to its "foreign body" nature, the implantation of a barrier membrane would inevitably modulate immune response and subsequently affect bone dynamics, which has long been neglected. To bridge this knowledge gap, we investigated the osteoimmunomodulatory effects of barrier collagen membranes. It is found that barrier collagen membranes elicit significant effects on modulating the osteoimmune response of macrophages, by upregulating the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-18) and osteogenic factors (BMP2/6, WNT10b, OSM)...
February 27, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Francesca L'Episcopo, Cataldo Tirolo, Maria F Serapide, Salvatore Caniglia, Nunzio Testa, Loredana Leggio, Silvia Vivarelli, Nunzio Iraci, Stefano Pluchino, Bianca Marchetti
Neuroinflammatory processes are recognized key contributory factors in Parkinson's disease (PD) physiopathology. While the causes responsible for the progressive loss of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neuronal cell bodies in the subtantia nigra pars compacta are poorly understood, aging, genetics, environmental toxicity, and particularly inflammation, represent prominent etiological factors in PD development. Especially, reactive astrocytes, microglial cells, and infiltrating monocyte-derived macrophages play dual beneficial/harmful effects, via a panel of pro- or anti-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, neurotrophic and neurogenic transcription factors...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
María Marcuello, Xavier Mayol, Eloísa Felipe-Fumero, Jaume Costa, Laia López-Hierro, Silvia Salvans, Sandra Alonso, Marta Pascual, Luís Grande, Miguel Pera
Peritoneal infection after colorectal cancer surgery is associated with a higher rate of tumor relapse. We have recently proposed that soluble inflammatory factors released in response to a postoperative infection enhance tumor progression features in residual tumor cells. In an effort to set up models to study the mechanisms of residual tumor cell activation during surgery-associated inflammation, we have analyzed the phenotypic response of colon cancer cell lines to the paracrine effects of THP-1 and U937 differentiated human macrophages, which release an inflammatory medium characteristic of an innate immune response...
2018: PloS One
Carla Iacobini, Claudia Blasetti Fantauzzi, Rossella Bedini, Raffaella Pecci, Armando Bartolazzi, Bruno Amadio, Carlo Pesce, Giuseppe Pugliese, Stefano Menini
OBJECTIVE: Galectin-3 is constitutively expressed in bone cells and was recently shown to modulate osteogenic transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells and atherosclerotic calcification. However, the role of galectin-3 in bone physiology is largely undefined. To address this issue, we analyzed (1) the skeletal features of 1-, 3- and 6-month-old galectin-3 null (Lgals3-/- ) and wild type (WT) mice and (2) the differentiation and function of osteoblasts and osteoclasts derived from these animals...
February 9, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Yang Zhou, Chuan Hua He, Daniel S Yang, Tung Nguyen, Yueming Cao, Suchitra Kamle, Chang-Min Lee, Bernadette R Gochuico, William A Gahl, Barry S Shea, Chun Geun Lee, Jack A Elias
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) comprises a group of inherited disorders caused by mutations that alter the function of lysosome-related organelles. Pulmonary fibrosis is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in HPS-1 and HPS-4 patients. However, the mechanisms that underlie the exaggerated injury and fibroproliferative repair responses in HPS have not been adequately defined. In particular, although Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is dysregulated in HPS, its roles in the pathogenesis of HPS have not been adequately defined...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Kai Guo, Lu Hu, Dan Xi, Jinzhen Zhao, Jichen Liu, Tiantian Luo, Yusheng Ma, Wenyan Lai, Zhigang Guo
AIMS: Human genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have found that proline/serine-rich coiled-coil 1 (PSRC1) encodes a protein that is associated with serum lipid levels and coronary artery disease. In addition, our previous study showed that the cholesterol efflux capacity is decreased in macrophages following a treatment silencing Psrc1, indicating that PSRC1 has anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the role of PSRC1 in the development of atherosclerosis is unknown. This study aims to explore the effect of PSRC1 on atherosclerosis and its underlying mechanisms...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Ling Huang, Mei Xiang, Ping Ye, Wei Zhou, Manhua Chen
Regulatory mechanisms for acute inflammatory responses post myocardial infarction (MI) have yet to be fully understood. In particular, the mechanisms by which cardiac macrophages modulate MI-induced myocardial inflammation remains unclear. In this study, using a mouse MI model, we showed that β-catenin-mediated signaling was activated in cardiac macrophages post-MI, especially in Ly-6C-positive proinflammatory macrophages. Using a RAW264.7-based β-catenin reporter cell line, we confirmed the presence of active β-catenin and its downstream signaling in cardiac macrophages after MI...
January 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Hiroyuki Morita, Issei Komuro
The molecular pathophysiology of heart failure, which is one of the leading causes of mortality, is not yet fully understood. Heart failure can be regarded as a systemic syndrome of aging-related phenotypes. Wnt/β-catenin signaling and the p53 pathway, both of which are key regulators of aging, have been demonstrated to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Circulating C1q was identified as a novel activator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, promoting systemic aging-related phenotypes including sarcopenia and heart failure...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
Ning Huangfu, Zhenyu Xu, Wenyuan Zheng, Yong Wang, Jingsong Cheng, Xiaomin Chen
The expression of scavenger receptors in macrophages regulating lipid uptake plays an important role in foam cell formation and the subsequent atherosclerotic plaque formation. Long non-coding RNA MALAT1 is abundantly expressed in THP-1-derived macrophages, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein promotes its transcription by qRT-PCR and RNA FISH detection. Through chemical inhibitor treatments and by performing a dual luciferase reporter analysis, we found that oxLDL induces MALAT1 transcription through the NF-κB pathway...
December 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Büsra Öztürk Akcora, Gert Storm, Ruchi Bansal
Quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), in response to liver injury, undergo characteristic morphological transformation into proliferative, contractile and ECM-producing myofibroblasts. In this study, we investigated the implication of canonical Wnt signaling pathway in HSCs and liver fibrogenesis. Canonical Wnt signaling pathway activation and inhibition using β-catenin/CBP inhibitor ICG001 was examined in-vitro in TGFβ-activated 3T3, LX2, primary human HSCs, and in-vivo in CCl4 -induced acute liver injury mouse model...
March 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Chao Wang, Guang Peng, Hai Huang, Fei Liu, De-Pei Kong, Ke-Qin Dong, Li-He Dai, Zhe Zhou, Kai-Jian Wang, Jun Yang, Yan-Qiong Cheng, Xu Gao, Min Qu, Hong-Ru Wang, Feng Zhu, Qin-Qin Tian, Dan Liu, Li Cao, Xin-Gang Cui, Chuan-Liang Xu, Dan-Feng Xu, Ying-Hao Sun
Purpose: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), including enzalutamide, induces resistance in prostate cancer; ADT resistance is associated with neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). This study aimed to investigate the association between enzalutamide-induced NED and TAMs and its mechanism. Experimental Design: The association between enzalutamide-induced NED and TAMs was investigated by IHC using prostate cancer tissues, enzalutamide-resistant mouse xenografts, and a coculture system...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Eleanna Kaffe, Romina Fiorotto, Francesca Pellegrino, Valeria Mariotti, Mariangela Amenduni, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Luca Fabris, Mario Strazzabosco, Carlo Spirli
Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis (CHF), a genetic disease caused by mutations in the PKHD1 gene, encoding for the protein fibrocystin (FPC), is characterized by biliary dysgenesis, progressive portal fibrosis, and by a PKA-mediated activating phosphorylation of β-Catenin at Ser675. Biliary structures of Pkhd1del4/del4 mice, a mouse model of CHF, secrete CXCL10 a chemokine able to recruit macrophages. The aim of this study is to clarify whether CXCL10 plays a pathogenetic role in disease progression in CHF/CD and to understand the mechanisms leading to increased CXCL10 secretion...
November 15, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Xuanyang Hu, Zhirong Wang, Jiawei Shi, Xiaobin Guo, Liangliang Wang, Zichuan Ping, Yunxia Tao, Huilin Yang, Jun Zhou, Yaozeng Xu, Dechun Geng
Osteoclast over-activation and inflammation responses promote peri-implant osteolysis (PIO), which is the leading cause of aseptic artificial joint loosening. We examined the effect of lithium chloride (LiCl) on wear debris-induced osteoclastogenesis and inflammation. Fifty-Six C57BL/6J male mice were randomly distributed into four groups: sham control (sham, treated with phosphate buffered saline [PBS]), vehicle (treated with titanium/PBS), low-LiCl (L-LiCl, titanium: 50 mg/kg LiCl) and high-LiCl (H-LiCl, titanium: 200 mg/kg LiCl)...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
S-J Zhao, Y-Q Jiang, N-W Xu, Q Li, Q Zhang, S-Y Wang, J Li, Y-H Wang, Y-L Zhang, S-H Jiang, Y-J Wang, Y-J Huang, X-X Zhang, G-A Tian, C-C Zhang, Y-Y Lv, M Dai, F Liu, R Zhang, D Zhou, Z-G Zhang
Metastasis significantly reduces the survival rate of osteosarcoma (OS) patients. Therefore, identification of novel targets remains extremely important to prevent metastasis and treat OS. In this report, we show that SPARCL1 is downregulated in OS by epigenetic methylation of promoter DNA. In vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that SPARCL1 inhibits OS metastasis. We further demonstrated that SPARCL1-activated WNT/β-catenin signaling by physical interaction with various frizzled receptors and lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5/6, leading to WNT-receptor complex stabilization...
October 30, 2017: Oncogene
Rui-Min Liu, Dan-Ni Sun, Ye-Lin Jiao, Pan Wang, Juan Zhang, Ming Wang, Jin Ma, Man Sun, Bian-Li Gu, Pan Chen, Ke Liu, Heng Ma, She-Gan Gao, Yuan-Fang Ma, Yi-Jun Qi
The pleiotropic pro-inflammatory cytokine, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), represents an important link between chronic inflammation and tumorigenesis. Although accumulating evidence demonstrates that MIF overexpression is implicated in the development and progression of multiple cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the molecular mechanisms underlying its tumor-promoting roles in ESCC remain unclear. In the present study, we observed that MIF is overexpressed in ESCC and correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis, advanced clinical stage, and poor survival of ESCC...
January 1, 2018: Cancer Letters
Yangyi Fang, Yanhua Kang, Han Zou, Xiaxuan Cheng, Tian Xie, Liyun Shi, Hang Zhang
β-elemene, extracted from Rhizoma zedoariae, has been widely used as a traditional medicine for its antitumor activity against a broad range of cancers. However, the effect of β-elemene in inflammation disorders has yet to be determined. The present study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and potential molecular mechanisms of β-elemene in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage cells RAW264.7. We found that the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, including interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), induced by LPS was significantly suppressed by β-elemene in a dose-dependent manner in RAW264...
October 21, 2017: Fitoterapia
Ye Feng, Jiafa Ren, Yuan Gui, Wei Wei, Bingyan Shu, Qingmiao Lu, Xian Xue, Xiaoli Sun, Weichun He, Junwei Yang, Chunsun Dai
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway is crucial in normal development and throughout life, but aberrant activation of this pathway has been linked to kidney fibrosis, although the mechanisms involved remain incompletely determined. Here, we investigated the role of Wnt/β-catenin in regulating macrophage activation and the contribution thereof to kidney fibrosis. Treatment of macrophages with Wnt3a exacerbated IL-4- or TGFβ1-induced macrophage alternative (M2) polarization and the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT3 in vitro Conversely, inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling prevented these IL-4- or TGFβ1-induced processes...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Ankita Singh, Ellora Sen
Emerging evidences suggest the impact of autophagy on differentiation but the underlying molecular links between metabolic restructuring and autophagy during monocyte differentiation remain elusive. An increase in PPARγ, HK2 and SIRT6 expression was observed upon PMA induced monocyte differentiation. While PPARγ positively regulated HK2 and SIRT6 expression, the latter served as a negative regulator of HK2. Changes in expression of these metabolic modelers were accompanied by decreased glucose uptake and increase in Chibby, a potent antagonist of β-catenin/Wnt pathway...
November 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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