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Electromagnetic therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646801/the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-male-fertility
#1
Mahsa Darbandi, Sara Darbandi, Ashok Agarwal, Ralf Henkle, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • People are increasingly exposed to low frequency (LF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), mainly from electricity distribution networks and electronic devices. Critics of this widespread exposure believe that it can have detrimental effects on the human body. On the other hand, many in vivo and in vitro studies have claimed that low frequency electromagnetic therapy can function as a form of alternative medicine and that therapists can treat disease by applying electromagnetic radiation or pulsed EMFs to the body or cells...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642559/little-evidence-to-support-or-refute-interventions-for-the-management-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#2
Debra K Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Handsearch of the proceedings from the British Society for Oral Medicine (BSOM), British Society for Dental Research (BSDR) and the International Association for Dental Research (IADR).Study selectionAll included studies were randomised placebo controlled trials comparing a treatment to placebo with no language or year of publication restrictions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610699/an-accurate-model-for-the-computation-of-the-dose-of-protons-in-water
#3
A Embriaco, V E Bellinzona, A Fontana, A Rotondi
PURPOSE: The accurate and fast calculation of the dose in proton radiation therapy is an essential ingredient for successful treatments. We propose a novel approach with a minimal number of parameters. METHODS: The approach is based on the exact calculation of the electromagnetic part of the interaction, namely the Molière theory of the multiple Coulomb scattering for the transversal 1D projection and the Bethe-Bloch formula for the longitudinal stopping power profile, including a gaussian energy straggling...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605288/neck-and-scapula-focused-exercise-training-on-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Taha Ibrahim Yildiz, Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of additional 6-week scapular stabilization training in patients with non-specific neck pain (NNP). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty patients with non-specific neck pain were randomly allocated to the study. Fifteen participants in the intervention group (IG) received neck-focused exercise and scapular stabilization training while 15 participants in the control group(CG) received neck-focused exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585348/synthesis-of-magnetic-nanoparticle-ansamitocin-conjugates-inductive-heating-leads-to-decreased-cell-proliferation-in-vitro-and-attenuation-of-tumour-growth-in-vivo
#5
Andreas Kirschning, Liang Liang Wang, Katja Seidel, Michael Ott, Asha Balakrishnan, Ronja Komoll, Christina Janko, Christoph Alexiou
Conjugates based on nanostructured, superparamagnetic particles, a thermolabile linker and a cytotoxic maytansinoid were developed to serve as a model for tumour selective drug delivery and release. It combines chemo- with thermal therapy. The linker-modified toxin was prepared by a combination of biotechnology and semisynthesis.Drug release was achieved by hyperthermia through an external oscillating electromagnetic field that induces heat inside the particles. Efficacy of this release concept was demonstrated both for cancer cell proliferation in vitro, and for tumour growth in vivo, in a xenograft mouse model...
June 6, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570785/dual-action-cancer-therapy-with-targeted-porous-silicon-nanovectors
#6
Anna Cifuentes-Rius, Angela Ivask, Ester Sporleder, Ishdeep Kaur, Yasmin Assan, Shasha Rao, David Warther, Clive A Prestidge, Jean-Olivier Durand, Nicolas H Voelcker
There is a pressing need to develop more effective therapeutics to fight cancer. An idyllic chemotherapeutic is expected to overcome drug resistance of tumors and minimize harmful side effects to healthy tissues. Antibody-functionalized porous silicon nanoparticles loaded with a combination of chemotherapy drug and gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) are developed. These nanocarriers are observed to selectively deliver both payloads, the chemotherapy drug and AuNCs, to human B cells. The accumulation of AuNCs to target cells and subsequent exposure to an external electromagnetic field in the microwave region render them more susceptible to the codelivered drug...
June 1, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558937/numerical-simulation-of-time-fractional-dual-phase-lag-model-of-heat-transfer-within-skin-tissue-during-thermal-therapy
#7
Dinesh Kumar, K N Rai
In this paper, we investigated the thermal behavior in living biological tissues using time fractional dual-phase-lag bioheat transfer (DPLBHT) model subjected to Dirichelt boundary condition in presence of metabolic and electromagnetic heat sources during thermal therapy. We solved this bioheat transfer model using finite element Legendre wavelet Galerkin method (FELWGM) with help of block pulse function in sense of Caputo fractional order derivative. We compared the obtained results from FELWGM and exact method in a specific case, and found a high accuracy...
July 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558773/magnetic-inductive-phase-shift-a-new-method-to-differentiate-hemorrhagic-stroke-from-ischemic-stroke-on-rabbit
#8
Qingguang Yan, Gui Jin, Ke Ma, Mingxin Qin, Wei Zhuang, Jian Sun
BACKGROUND: The major therapy for ischemic stroke is thrombolytic treatment, but severe consequences occur when this method is used to treat hemorrhagic stroke. Currently, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are used to differentiate between two types of stroke, but these two methods are ineffective for pre-hospital care. METHODS: We developed a new brain diagnostic device for rabbits based on electromagnetic induction to non-invasively differentiate two types of stroke...
May 30, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552916/magneto-therapy-of-human-joint-cartilage
#9
Krzysztof Wierzcholski, Andrzej Miszczak
PURPOSE: The topic of the present paper concerns the human joint cartilage therapy performed by the magnetic induction field. There is proved the thesis that the applied magnetic field for concrete cartilage illness should depend on the proper relative and concrete values of applied magnetic induction, intensity as well the time of treatment duration. Additionally, very important are frequencies and amplitudes of magnetic field as well as magnetic permeability of the synovial fluid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research methods used in this paper include: magnetic induction field produced by a new Polish and German magneto electronic devices for the therapy of human joint cartilage diseases, stationary and movable magnetic applicators, magnetic bandage, ferrofluid injections, author's experience gained in Germany research institutes and practical results after measurements and information from patients...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551545/cytotoxicity-of-temozolomide-on-human-glioblastoma-cells-is-enhanced-by-the-concomitant-exposure-to-an-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-100hz-100g
#10
Zeinab Akbarnejad, Hossein Eskandary, Luciana Dini, Cristian Vergallo, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahi-Mahani, Alireza Farsinejad, Maryam Fekri Soofi Abadi, Meysam Ahmadi
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant brain cancer that causes high mortality in humans. It responds poorly to the most common cancer treatments, such as surgery, chemo- and radiation therapy. Temozolomide (TMZ) is an alkylating agent that has been widely used to treat GBM; resistance to this drug is often found. One unexplored possibility for overcoming this resistance is a treatment based on concomitant exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and TMZ. Indeed, many evidences show that EMF affects cancer cells and drug performance...
May 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534925/osmotin-loaded-magnetic-nanoparticles-with-electromagnetic-guidance-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Faiz Ul Amin, Ali Kafash Hoshiar, Ton Duc Do, Yeongil Noh, Shahid Ali Shah, Muhammad Sohail Khan, Jungwon Yoon, Myeong Ok Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent age-related neurodegenerative disease, pathologically characterized by the accumulation of aggregated amyloid beta (Aβ) in the brain. Here, we describe for the first time the development of a new, pioneering nanotechnology-based drug delivery approach for potential therapies for neurodegenerative diseases, particularly AD. We demonstrated the delivery of fluorescent carboxyl magnetic Nile Red particles (FMNPs) to the brains of normal mice using a functionalized magnetic field (FMF) composed of positive- and negative-pulsed magnetic fields generated by electromagnetic coils...
May 23, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528237/skin-deformation-during-shoulder-movements-and-upper-extremity-activities
#12
Weiqing Ge, Alison Sfara, Brittany Hians
BACKGROUND: The necessity of sternal precautions for patients following cardiac surgery with median sternotomy has been questioned by clinicians, researchers, and even patients. The primary purpose was to determine if sternal skin deformation during shoulder movements and upper extremity activities is compressive or distractive and if there are any significant differences between the skin deformation at different positions during shoulder movements and upper extremity activities. The secondary purpose was to determine if sternal skin deformation is correlated with scapular stabilizer muscle strength...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524900/tumor-treating-fields-nursing-implications-for-an-emerging-technology%C3%A2
#13
Alice Chang
Tumor-treating fields (TTFields) are a new technology used for cancer treatment consisting of battery-powered, insulated electromagnetic transducers that are placed on the scalp. This wearable, adhesive device is a certified physician-prescribed therapy for patients with glioblastoma multiforme, a type of primary brain cancer. TTFields are being used concomitantly with temozolomide (Temodar®) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and as a monotherapy in patients with recurrent glioblastoma after radiation therapy and chemotherapy...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510268/effect-of-intervention-initiation-timing-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-on-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporosis-in-rats
#14
Jun Zhou, Yuan Liao, Yahua Zeng, Haitao Xie, Chengxiao Fu, Neng Li
The aim of this study is to explore the effect of timing of initiation of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy on bone mass, microarchitecture, and biomechanical properties, and to investigate receptor activator of NF-kB (RANK) expression in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Sixty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two equal batches of three groups each (10 rats in each group). The first batch comprised of sham-operated (Sham-0 group), ovariectomized (OVX-0 group), and ovariectomized plus treated with PEMF starting from the day of OVX (Early PEMF group)...
May 16, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490761/nanoscale-brownian-heating-by-interacting-magnetic-dipolar-particles
#15
Yann Chalopin, Jean-Claude Bacri, Florence Gazeau, Martin Devaud
Clusters of magnetic nanoparticles have received considerable interest in various research fields. Their capacity to generate heat under an alternating magnetic field has recently opened the way to applications such as cancer therapy by hyperthermia. This work is an attempt to investigate the collective effects of interacting dipoles embedded in magnetic nano-particles (MNP) to predict their thermal dissipation with a liquid. We first present a general approach, based on the tracking of the microscopic dipole fluctuations, to access to the dissipation spectra of any spatial distribution of MNPs...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488167/a-generic-label-free-microfluidic-microobject-sorter-using-a-magnetic-elastic-diverter
#16
Jiachen Zhang, Onaizah Onaizah, Amir Sadri, Eric Diller
Cell sorters play important roles in biological and medical applications, such as cellular behavior study and disease diagnosis and therapy. This work presents a label-free microfluidic sorter that has a downstream-pointing magnetic elastic diverter. Different with most existing magnetic sorters, the proposed device does not require the target microobjects to be intrinsically magnetic or coated with magnetic particles, giving users more flexibility in sorting criteria. The diverter is wirelessly deformed by an applied magnetic field, and its deformation induces a fluid vortex that sorts incoming microobjects, e...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447135/-environmental-medical-syndromes
#17
REVIEW
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Claudia Hornberg
Environmental medical syndromes comprise sick building syndrome (SBS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)/idiopathic environmental intolerances (IEI), electromagnetic hypersensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), burnout, fibromyalgia, and the candida syndrome. There is also some overlap described in the literature. There is still no established knowledge of etiology, pathology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, therapy, prevention and prognosis. These syndromes are thought to result from a complex interaction of physical, chemical and/or (micro)biological environmental stresses, individual dispositions, psychological influencing factors, perceptual and processing processes, variants of somatization disorders, culturally or socially caused distress, or simply iatrogenic causation...
June 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441605/biological-effects-and-medical-applications-of-infrared-radiation
#18
Shang-Ru Tsai, Michael R Hamblin
Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 760nm and 100,000nm. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy generally employs light at red and near-infrared wavelengths (600-100nm) to modulate biological activity. Many factors, conditions, and parameters influence the therapeutic effects of IR, including fluence, irradiance, treatment timing and repetition, pulsing, and wavelength. Increasing evidence suggests that IR can carry out photostimulation and photobiomodulation effects particularly benefiting neural stimulation, wound healing, and cancer treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440987/-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system
#19
Marco Antonio Alegría-Loyola, Javier Andrés Galnares-Olalde, Moisés Mercado
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors constitute a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that share a considerable morbidity and mortality rate. Recent advances in the underlying oncogenic mechanisms of these tumors have led to new classification systems, which, in turn, allow for a better diagnostic approach and therapeutic planning. Most of these neoplasms occur sporadically and several risk factors have been found to be associated with their development, such as exposure to ionizing radiation or electromagnetic fields and the concomitant presence of conditions like diabetes, hypertension and Parkinson's disease...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429681/microwave-diathermy-in-physiotherapy-units-a-survey-on-spatial-and-time-heterogeneity-of-the-electromagnetic-field
#20
Andreas Andrikopoulos, Adam Adamopoulos, Ioannis Seimenis, Constantinos Koutsojannis
Microwave diathermy (MWD) is a therapeutic system that has been in use for some decades now in all physiotherapy settings, following the regulations of national facility establishments. The validity of diathermy devices is probably reduced as their working time increases, introducing the need for the device to be controlled/reset by qualified personnel in order to maintain its effectiveness in sessions and to accurately deliver the energy output that the physiotherapist asks for. However, while MWD has been a vital tool for practising physiotherapists, there is no clear evidence of a health burden due to incorrect usability...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
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