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Electromagnetic therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689407/immobilization-of-triclosan-and-erythrosine-in-layer-by-layer-films-applied-to-inactivation-of-microorganisms
#1
Maria F Costa Pedro, Alessandro S Kalck, Kevin F Dos Santos, Marcos S Sousa, Karla B Romio, Paula C S Souto, Josmary R Silva, Nara C de Souza
The use of the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition technique allows materials, such as drugs, to be self-assembled in multilayers with other electrolytes by combining their properties in a nanostructured system. Triclosan (TCS) is commonly used as a drug because of its bactericidal action, while erythrosine (ERY) has been used as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapies because of its high light absorptivity in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The major advantage of investigating systems immobilized in LbL films is the benefit of characterizing the interaction through available substances in solid state techniques...
April 21, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670350/colloidal-plasmonic-gold-nanoparticles-and-gold-nanorings-shape-dependent-generation-of-singlet-oxygen-and-their-performance-in-enhanced-photodynamic-cancer-therapy
#2
Yamin Yang, Yue Hu, Henry Du, Lei Ren, Hongjun Wang
Introduction: In recognition of the potentials of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) in enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT) for cancer, it is desirable to further understand the shape-dependent surface plasmonic resonance (SPR) properties of various gold nanostructures and evaluate their performances in PDT. Materials and methods: Monodispersed colloidal spherical solid Au NPs were synthesized by UV-assisted reduction using chloroauric acid and sodium citrate, and hollow gold nanorings (Au NRs) with similar outer diameter were synthesized based on sacrificial galvanic replacement method...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658031/fully-automated-on-site-isolation-of-cfdna-from-whole-blood-for-cancer-therapy-monitoring
#3
Chi-Ju Kim, Juhee Park, Vijaya Sunkara, Tae-Hyeong Kim, Yongjin Lee, Kyusang Lee, Mi-Hyun Kim, Yoon-Kyoung Cho
The potential utility of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) in patient blood for cancer diagnostics and real-time monitoring of disease progression is highly recognized. However, the lack of automated and efficient methods for cell-free DNA (cfDNA) isolation from peripheral blood has remained a challenge for broader acceptance of liquid biopsy in general clinical settings. Here, we demonstrate a lab-on-a-disc system equipped with newly developed, electromagnetically actuated, and reversible diaphragm valves that allows fully automated and rapid (<30 min) isolation of cfDNA from whole blood (>3 ml) to achieve high detection sensitivity by minimizing the degradation of fragile ctDNA as well as contamination of wild-type DNA from abundant blood cells...
April 16, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628543/electromagnetically-induced-distortion-of-a-fibrin-matrix-with-embedded-microparticles
#4
Tyler Scogin, Sumith Yesudasan, Mitchell L R Walker, Rodney D Averett
Blood clots occur in the human body when they are required to prevent bleeding. In pathological states such as diabetes and sickle cell disease, blood clots can also form undesirably due to hypercoagulable plasma conditions. With the continued effort in developing fibrin therapies for potential life-saving solutions, more mechanical modeling is needed to understand the properties of fibrin structures with inclusions. In this study, a fibrin matrix embedded with magnetic micro particles (MMPs) was subjected to a magnetic field to determine the magnitude of the required force to create plastic deformation within the fibrin clot...
2018: Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584700/can-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-trigger-on-demand-drug-release-from-high-tm-magnetoliposomes
#5
Martina Nardoni, Elena Della Valle, Micaela Liberti, Michela Relucenti, Maria Antonietta Casadei, Patrizia Paolicelli, Francesca Apollonio, Stefania Petralito
Recently, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been used to trigger drug release from magnetoliposomes through a magneto-nanomechanical approach, where the mechanical actuation of the MNPs is used to enhance the membrane permeability. This result can be effectively achieved with low intensity non-thermal alternating magnetic field (AMF), which, however, found rare clinic application. Therefore, a different modality of generating non-thermal magnetic fields has now been investigated. Specifically, the ability of the intermittent signals generated by non-thermal pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFS) were used to verify if, once applied to high-transition temperature magnetoliposomes (high-Tm MLs), they could be able to efficiently trigger the release of a hydrophilic model drug...
March 27, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584629/co-culture-with-human-osteoblasts-and-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-improve-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#6
Sabrina Ehnert, Martijn van Griensven, Marina Unger, Hanna Scheffler, Karsten Falldorf, Anne-Kristin Fentz, Claudine Seeliger, Steffen Schröter, Andreas K Nussler, Elizabeth R Balmayor
Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) have been proposed as suitable option for cell-based therapies to support bone regeneration. In the bone environment, Ad-MSCs will receive stimuli from resident cells that may favor their osteogenic differentiation. There is recent evidence that this process can be further improved by extremely low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (ELF-PEMFs). Thus, the project aimed at (i) investigating whether co-culture conditions of human osteoblasts (OBs) and Ad-MSCs have an impact on their proliferation and osteogenic differentiation; (ii) whether this effect can be further improved by repetitive exposure to two specific ELF-PEMFs (16 and 26 Hz); (iii) and the effect of these ELF-PEMFs on human osteoclasts (OCs)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580853/fem-simulation-of-em-field-effect-on-body-tissues-with-bio-nanofluid-blood-with-nanoparticles-for-nanoparticle-mediated-hyperthermia
#7
Rangoli Goyal, Rama Bhargava
The study of temperature profiles and heat transport within the human body when subjected to electromagnetic waves is crucial for development and improvement of radiofrequency hyperthermia treatments. These treatments being minimally invasive can be a better alternative over surgery and chemotherapy for treatment of cancer. Nanoparticle-mediated hyperthermia for cancer therapy is a growing area of cancer nanomedicine because of the potential for localized and targeted destruction of cancer cells. This treatment is dependent on many factors, including thermal conductivity of bio-nanofluid, volume fraction of nanoparticles,excitation wavelength and power and metabolic heat generation...
March 23, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576808/important-parameters-for-optimized-metal-nanoparticles-aided-electromagnetic-field-emf-effect-on-cancer
#8
Lawrence Ochoo, Charles Migwi, John Okumu
Background: A number of experimental research findings for the metal nanoparticles (NPs)-mediated EMF photothermal therapy of cancer cells show an intriguing trend of the NPs' size-dependent efficacy. This is a phenomenon we find to trend with the light absorption bandwidth behavior (full width at half maximum) of the NPs and the accompanying electric field enhancement. We find that the nanoparticle sizes that have been reported to produce the optimized effect on cancer cells are of minimum absorption bandwidth and optimized electric field magnitude...
2018: Cancer Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559289/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-gated-stereotactic-liver-radiation-therapy-using-continuous-internal-electromagnetic-motion-monitoring
#9
Esben S Worm, Morten Høyer, Rune Hansen, Lars P Larsen, Britta Weber, Cai Grau, Per R Poulsen
PURPOSE: Intrafraction motion can compromise the treatment accuracy in liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Respiratory gating can improve treatment delivery; however, gating based on external motion surrogates is inaccurate. The present study reports the use of Calypso-based internal electromagnetic motion monitoring for gated liver SBRT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifteen patients were included in a study of 3-fraction respiratory gated liver SBRT guided by 3 implanted electromagnetic transponders...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547575/optical-and-electrical-characterization-of-biocompatible-polymeric-lines-for-hemodialysis-applications
#10
Enrico Ravagli, Stefano Severi
During hemodialysis (HD), blood is circulated through an extracorporeal tubing system (bloodline) made of medical-grade polymeric material. Sensors of various types that do not come into contact with blood (optical, electromagnetic, etc.) are applied directly across the bloodline for clinical purposes and for therapy customization. Thus, a detailed knowledge of the bloodline's physical properties is useful for the development of next-generation HD sensors. In this work, we performed a novel comparative analysis of the materials used by the manufacturers of the bloodlines...
March 16, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547026/percutaneous-kirschner-wire-repair-of-failed-digital-arthrodesis-using-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy-a-case-report
#11
Kyle M L Unsdorfer, Samir M Abdelmagid
A case of a repaired failed toe arthrodesis is presented. A novel and previously unreported approach using a percutaneously placed Kirschner wire coupled with a pulsed electromagnetic field achieved healing of a painful pseudoarthrosis at 54 days. With a percutaneous technique, open debridement of the failed arthrodesis site can be avoided.
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534898/electromagnetic-guided-mlc-tracking-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-patients-prospective-clinical-trial-results
#12
Paul J Keall, Emma Colvill, Ricky O'Brien, Vincent Caillet, Thomas Eade, Andrew Kneebone, George Hruby, Per R Poulsen, Benjamin Zwan, Peter B Greer, Jeremy Booth
PURPOSE: To report on the primary and secondary outcomes of a prospective clinical trial of electromagnetic-guided multileaf collimator (MLC) tracking radiation therapy for prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-eight men with prostate cancer were treated with electromagnetic-guided MLC tracking with volumetric modulated arc therapy. A total of 858 fractions were delivered, with the dose per fraction ranging from 2 to 13.75 Gy. The primary outcome was feasibility, with success determined if >95% of fractions were successfully delivered...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533788/biomaterial-scaffolds-for-non-invasive-focal-hyperthermia-as-a-potential-tool-to-ablate-metastatic-cancer-cells
#13
Francisco Pelaez, Navid Manuchehrabadi, Priyatanu Roy, Harishankar Natesan, Yiru Wang, Emilian Racila, Heather Fong, Kevin Zeng, Abby M Silbaugh, John C Bischof, Samira M Azarin
Currently, there are very few therapeutic options for treatment of metastatic disease, as it often remains undetected until the burden of disease is too high. Microporous poly(ε-caprolactone) biomaterials have been shown to attract metastasizing breast cancer cells in vivo early in tumor progression. In order to enhance the therapeutic potential of these scaffolds, they were modified such that infiltrating cells could be eliminated with non-invasive focal hyperthermia. Metal disks were incorporated into poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffolds to generate heat through electromagnetic induction by an oscillating magnetic field within a radiofrequency coil...
February 28, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532509/successful-placement-of-nasointestinal-feeding-tubes-using-electromagnetic-sensor-guided-enteral-access-systems-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#14
Kay Lash, Rachelle Oppel, Jeanette Hasse
Technology advances have made it possible to prolong life for patients with heart failure who are not transplant candidates or while awaiting transplant. Many different cardiac devices are available that can be used as a bridge to transplant (temporary support) or as a destination therapy (permanent support). Placement of these devices can cause complications that, if not addressed, could negatively impact the nutrition status of patients. Placement of nasointestinal feeding tubes using an electromagnetic sensor-guided enteral access system (EMS-EAS) has been difficult in patients with implantable devices because of the potential for interference with the EMS-EAS and the left ventricular assist device (LVAD)...
March 12, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519473/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-parietal-lobe-for-improving-neurologic-neuropsychologic-and-neuropsychiatric-deficits
#15
Nadia Bolognini, Carlo Miniussi
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electric stimulation (tES) are noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) tools that are now widely used in neuroscientific research in humans. The fact that both TMS and tES are able to modulate brain plasticity and, in turn, affect behavior is opening up new horizons in the treatment of brain circuit and plasticity disorders. In the present chapter, we will first provide the reader with a brief background on the basic principles of NIBS, describing the electromagnetic and physical foundations of TMS and tES, as well as the current knowledge of the neurophysiologic basis of their effects on brain activity and plasticity...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504386/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-on-muscle-tissue-the-effects-on-healthy-athletes
#16
A Notarnicola, I Covelli, G Maccagnano, R Marvulli, L Mastromauro, G Ianieri, S Boodhoo, A Turitto, L Petruzzella, G Farì, F P Bianchi, S Tafuri, B Moretti
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on muscle rheological and functional properties in a population of young athletes. Thirty-two football and basketball players were recruited and randomized into two groups. The athletes underwent three sessions of therapy administered every five days to the thigh muscles. The treatment consisted of ESWT (electromagnetic generator, Energy Flux Density=0.03 mJ/mm2) or a placebo treatment bilaterally on the quadricep and femoral bicep muscles...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498537/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-usage-by-multiple-sclerosis-patients-results-from-a-prospective-clinical-study
#17
Soohyun Kim, Lawrence Chang, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Sirin Gandhi, Dejan Jakimovski, Ellen Carl, Robert Zivadinov, Murali Ramanathan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) usage by multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Design, Setting/Location: Single-center, prospective clinical study at an academic MS center in the northeastern United States. METHODS: This study included CAM data from 524 MS patients and 304 healthy controls (HC) enrolled in a prospective study of clinical, neuroimaging, and environmental risk factors in MS at an academic MS Center...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492540/pulsed-electromagnetic-field-pemf-mitigates-high-intracranial-pressure-icp-induced-microvascular-shunting-mvs-in-rats
#18
Denis E Bragin, Olga A Bragina, Sean Hagberg, Edwin M Nemoto
OBJECTIVE: High-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation is an emerging noninvasive therapy that we have shown increases cerebral blood flow (CBF) and tissue oxygenation in the healthy rat brain. In this work, we tested the effect of PEMF on the brain at high intracranial pressure (ICP). We previously showed that high ICP in rats caused a transition from capillary (CAP) to non-nutritive microvascular shunt (MVS) flow, tissue hypoxia and increased blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456527/light-as-a-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial
#19
Peter J Gwynne, Maurice P Gallagher
Antimicrobial resistance is a significant and growing concern. To continue to treat even simple infections, there is a pressing need for new alternative and complementary approaches to antimicrobial therapy. One possible addition to the current range of treatments is the use of narrow-wavelength light as an antimicrobial, which has been shown to eliminate a range of common pathogens. Much progress has already been made with blue light but the potential of other regions of the electromagnetic spectrum is largely unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451219/low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-pretreated-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-the-regeneration-of-crush-injured-rat-mental-nerve
#20
NaRi Seo, Sung-Ho Lee, Kyung Won Ju, JaeMan Woo, BongJu Kim, SoungMin Kim, Jeong Won Jahng, Jong-Ho Lee
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been shown to promote the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) reportedly promotes the proliferation and neuronal differentiation of BMSCs. Low-frequency PEMF can induce the neuronal differentiation of BMSCs in the absence of nerve growth factors. This study was designed to investigate the effects of low-frequency PEMF pretreatment on the proliferation and function of BMSCs and the effects of low-frequency PEMF pre-treated BMSCs on the regeneration of injured peripheral nerve using in vitro and in vivo experiments...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
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