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Electromagnetic therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339776/effect-of-acute-millimeter-wave-exposure-on-dopamine-metabolism-of-ngf-treated-pc12-cells
#1
Alexis J Haas, Yann Le Page, Maxim Zhadobov, Ronan Sauleau, Yves Le Dréan, Christian Saligaut
Several forthcoming wireless telecommunication systems will use electromagnetic frequencies at millimeter waves (MMWs), and technologies developed around the 60-GHz band will soon know a widespread distribution. Free nerve endings within the skin have been suggested to be the targets of MMW therapy which has been used in the former Soviet Union. So far, no studies have assessed the impact of MMW exposure on neuronal metabolism. Here, we investigated the effects of a 24-h MMW exposure at 60.4 GHz, with an incident power density (IPD) of 5 mW/cm², on the dopaminergic turnover of NGF-treated PC12 cells...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339498/enhancement-of-osteogenic-differentiation-of-rat-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-zinc-sulphate-under-electromagnetic-field-via-the-pka-erk1-2-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathways
#2
Ezzatollah Fathi, Raheleh Farahzadi
Zinc ion as an essential trace element and electromagnetic fields (EMFs) has been reported to be involved in the regulation of bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) on the osteogenic differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in the presence of EMF as a strategy in osteoporosis therapy. Alkaline phophatase (ALP) activity measurement, calcium assay and expression of several osteoblastic marker genes were examined to assess the effect of ZnSO4 on the osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs under EMF...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339333/non-pharmacological-conservative-therapy-for-phantom-limb-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Sarah Batsford, Cormac G Ryan, Denis J Martin
The aim of this manuscript was to investigate the effectiveness of conservative therapy for phantom limb pain (PLP). In this systematic review, CINAHL, AMED, the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, PEDro, psychology and behavioral sciences collection, and MEDLINE were systematically searched for appropriate randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Selected papers were assessed for risk of bias, and evidence was graded using the GRADE approach. Twelve RCTs met initial inclusion/exclusion criteria, of which five were of sufficient quality for final inclusion...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339109/validation-of-dynamic-treatment-couch-tracking-for-prostate-sbrt
#4
Stefanie Ehrbar, Simon Schmid, Alexander Jöhl, Stephan Klöck, Matthias Guckenberger, Oliver Riesterer, Stephanie Tanadini-Lang
PURPOSE: In stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of prostatic cancer, a high dose per fraction is applied to the target with steep dose gradients. Intrafractional prostate motion can occur unpredictably during the treatment and lead to target miss. This work investigated the dosimetric benefit of motion compensation with dynamic treatment-couch tracking for prostate SBRT treatments in the presence of prostatic motion. METHODS: Ten SBRT treatment plans for prostate cancer patients with integrated boosts to their index lesion were prepared...
March 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331912/effect-of-visible-range-electromagnetic-radiations-on-escherichia-coli
#5
Samina T Yousuf Azeemi, Saleem Farooq Shaukat, Khawaja Shamsuddin Azeemi, Idrees Khan, Khalid Mahmood, Farah Naz
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli is the agent responsible for a range of clinical diseases. With emerging antimicrobial resistance, other treatment options including solar/photo-therapy are becoming increasingly common. Visible Range Radiation Therapy/Colour Therapy is an emerging technique in the field of energy/vibrational medicine that uses visible spectrum of Electromagnetic Radiations to cure different diseases. In this study, our goal was to understand the effect of Visible Range Electromagnetic Radiations on E...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331888/new-concept-on-an-integrated-interior-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-medical-linear-accelerator-system-for-radiation-therapy
#6
Xun Jia, Zhen Tian, Yan Xi, Steve B Jiang, Ge Wang
Image guidance plays a critical role in radiotherapy. Currently, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is routinely used in clinics for this purpose. While this modality can provide an attenuation image for therapeutic planning, low soft-tissue contrast affects the delineation of anatomical and pathological features. Efforts have recently been devoted to several MRI linear accelerator (LINAC) projects that lead to the successful combination of a full diagnostic MRI scanner with a radiotherapy machine. We present a new concept for the development of the MRI-LINAC system...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323174/multicenter-investigation-of-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-algorithm-to-detect-oversensing
#7
Nicolas Welte, Marc Strik, Romain Eschalier, Pierre Mondoly, Pascal Defaye, Antonio Frontera, Philippe Ritter, Michel Haïssaguerre, Sylvain Ploux, Jayanthi Koneru, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Pierre Bordachar
BACKGROUND: The SecureSense™ RV Lead Noise Discrimination algorithm is designed to detect lead fracture and other types of oversensing in order to decrease inappropriate therapy. OBJECTIVE: We studied the real-life accuracy of the SecureSenseTM algorithm in ICD patients followed by remote-monitoring across multiple centers. METHODS: Across three French centers, we studied 486 patients with a St. Jude Medical device who were followed by remote-monitoring and who had the SecureSense™ algorithm activated...
March 18, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301678/effectiveness-of-adjunctive-interventions-for-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Hanshi Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
This study was aimed to summarize published systematic reviews that assess the effects of adjunctive interventions on the acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Electronic and manual searches were performed up to Aug 2016. Systematic reviews investigating the impact of adjunctive techniques on the promotion of OTM were included. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the AMSTAR scale. The quality of evidence for each intervention was assessed using GRADE. The Jadad decision algorithm was used to select a study to provide body evidence from discordant reviews on the same intervention...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269626/bone-composition-and-healing-open-electromagnetic-and-biomechanical-problems
#9
Peter Biggane, Xavier Jackson, Ara Nazarian
In this paper, we present a review of some electromagnetic interactions in bone matter. Special attention is paid to pulsed electromagnetic therapy, which is potentially a promising therapeutic method for bone healing. We review and compare existing setups and their applications.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268291/comparison-of-imaging-modalities-and-source-localization-algorithms-in-locating-the-induced-activity-during-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-stn
#10
K G Mideksa, A Singh, N Hoogenboom, H Hellriegel, H Krause, A Schnitzler, G Deuschl, J Raethjen, G Schmidt, M Muthuraman
One of the most commonly used therapy to treat patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). Identifying the most optimal target area for the placement of the DBS electrodes have become one of the intensive research area. In this study, the first aim is to investigate the capabilities of different source-analysis techniques in detecting deep sources located at the sub-cortical level and validating it using the a-priori information about the location of the source, that is, the STN...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267751/cost-effectiveness-of-adjunct-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#11
Beth Woods, Andrea Manca, Helen Weatherly, Pedro Saramago, Eleftherios Sideris, Christina Giannopoulou, Stephen Rice, Mark Corbett, Andrew Vickers, Matthew Bowes, Hugh MacPherson, Mark Sculpher
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the costs and benefits of alternative adjunct non-pharmacological treatments for knee osteoarthritis and little guidance on which should be prioritised for commissioning within the NHS. This study estimates the costs and benefits of acupuncture, braces, heat treatment, insoles, interferential therapy, laser/light therapy, manual therapy, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, pulsed electrical stimulation, pulsed electromagnetic fields, static magnets and transcutaneous electrical nerve Stimulation (TENS), based on all relevant data, to facilitate a more complete assessment of value...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258389/inappropriate-icd-discharge-related-to-electrical-muscle-stimulation-in-chiropractic-therapy-a-case-report
#12
Abhishek Shenoy, Abhishek Sharma, Firehiwot Achamyeleh
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown to reduce mortality in high-risk patients. Despite several advances in programming ICDs, inappropriate shocks persist and continue to be psychologically and physically disturbing. External electromagnetic interference from electrocautery, welding, acupunctures, low-output transcutaneous electric nerve stimulators, and electronic muscle stimulators may result in inappropriate ICD sensing and shock. We present a 63-year-old female who presented to the emergency department after an ICD shock while undergoing electronic muscle stimulation in chiropractic treatment, during which light electrical pulses were sent through skin electrodes...
March 3, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236644/theoretical-dosimetric-evaluation-of-carbon-and-oxygen-minibeam-radiation-therapy
#13
Wilfredo González, Cécile Peucelle, Yolanda Prezado
PURPOSE: Charged particles have several advantages over x-rays radiations, both in terms of physics and radiobiology. The combination of these advantages with those of minibeam radiation therapy (MBRT) could help enhancing the therapeutic index for some cancers with poor prognosis. Among the different ions explored for therapy, carbon ions are considered to provide the optimum physical and biological characteristics. Oxygen could be advantageous due to a reduced oxygen enhancement ratio along with a still moderate biological entrance dose...
February 25, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227884/bone-composition-and-healing-open-electromagnetic-and-biomechanical-problems
#14
Peter Biggane, Xavier Jackson, Ara Nazarian, Peter Biggane, Xavier Jackson, Ara Nazarian, Ara Nazarian, Peter Biggane, Xavier Jackson
In this paper, we present a review of some electromagnetic interactions in bone matter. Special attention is paid to pulsed electromagnetic therapy, which is potentially a promising therapeutic method for bone healing. We review and compare existing setups and their applications.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226449/comparison-of-imaging-modalities-and-source-localization-algorithms-in-locating-the-induced-activity-during-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-stn
#15
K G Mideksa, A Singh, N Hoogenboom, H Hellriegel, H Krause, A Schnitzler, G Deuschl, J Raethjen, G Schmidt, M Muthuraman, K G Mideksa, A Singh, N Hoogenboom, H Hellriegel, H Krause, A Schnitzler, G Deuschl, J Raethjen, G Schmidt, M Muthuraman, G Deuschl, K G Mideksa, A Singh, H Krause, A Schnitzler, N Hoogenboom, M Muthuraman, J Raethjen, G Schmidt, H Hellriegel
One of the most commonly used therapy to treat patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). Identifying the most optimal target area for the placement of the DBS electrodes have become one of the intensive research area. In this study, the first aim is to investigate the capabilities of different source-analysis techniques in detecting deep sources located at the sub-cortical level and validating it using the a-priori information about the location of the source, that is, the STN...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164384/design-of-organic-macrocycle-modified-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-drug-delivery
#16
Ali Trabolsi, Tina Skorjanc, Farah Benyettou, John-Carl Olsen
Paul Ehrlich's vision of a "magic bullet" cure for disease inspires the modern design of nanocarriers whose purpose is to deliver drug cargo to specific sites in the body while circumventing endogenous immunological clearance mechanisms. Iron-oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have emerged as particularly promising nanocarriers because of their biodegradability, ability to be guided magnetically to sites of pathology, mediation of hyperthermic therapy and imaging capabilities. In this review, we focus on the design and drug-delivery aspects of IONPs coated with organic macrocycles (crown ethers, cyclodextrins, calix[n]arenes, cucurbit[n]urils, or pillar[n]arenes) which, by means of reversible complexation, allow for the convenient loading and release of drug molecules...
February 5, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149581/recent-advances-in-diagnostic-bronchoscopy
#17
REVIEW
Philip G Ong, Labib G Debiane, Roberto F Casal
The field of diagnostic bronchoscopy has been revolutionized in the last decade primarily with the advent of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) but also with the addition of multiple different techniques for "guided-bronchoscopy". These advances have had a substantial impact in the management of lung cancer with bronchoscopy now providing both diagnosis and mediastinal staging in a single procedure. EBUS has, in fact, become the first choice for staging of the mediastinum over cervical mediastinoscopy (CM). Although EBUS is now a well-established technique, there are continuous efforts from the scientific community to improve its diagnostic performance, and these will be reviewed in this manuscript...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128685/scar-remodeling-with-the-association-of-monopolar-capacitive-radiofrequency-electric-stimulation-and-negative-pressure
#18
Giovanni Nicoletti, Paola Perugini, Sara Bellino, Priscilla Capra, Alberto Malovini, Omar Jaber, Marco Tresoldi, Angela Faga
OBJECTIVE: A study was established to objectively assess the effects of low-intensity electromagnetic and electric stimulation plus negative pressure on mature scars. BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency plus negative pressure therapy demonstrated a favorable reorganization and regeneration of the collagen and elastic fibers and was proposed for the treatment of cellulitis and skin stretch marks. METHODS: Twenty-six mature scars in 20 Caucasian patients (15 females and 5 males) were enrolled in the study...
January 24, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110721/transient-electro-magneto-hydrodynamic-two-phase-blood-flow-and-thermal-transport-through-a-capillary-vessel
#19
I A Mirza, M Abdulhameed, D Vieru, S Shafie
Therapies with magnetic/electromagnetic field are employed to relieve pains or, to accelerate flow of blood-particles, particularly during the surgery. In this paper, a theoretical study of the blood flow along with particles suspension through capillary was made by the electro-magneto-hydrodynamic approach. Analytical solutions to the non-dimensional blood velocity and non-dimensional particles velocity are obtained by means of the Laplace transform with respect to the time variable and the finite Hankel transform with respect to the radial coordinate...
December 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095547/prospective-internally-controlled-blind-reviewed-clinical-evaluation-of-cryolipolysis-combined-with-multipolar-radiofrequency-andvaripulsetechnology-for-enhanced-subject-results-in-circumferential-fat-reduction-and-skin-laxity-of-the-flanks
#20
Julius Few, Michael Gold, Neil Sadick
BACKGROUND: Increasing demand for non-invasive skin tightening and body contouring procedures has led to several technological in- novations in energy-based devices such as ultrasound, radiofrequency and cryolipolysis. An emerging trend in the eld is to evaluate whether combination therapies for skin laxity/body contouring using energy-based devices can deliver superior clinical results and patient satisfaction. As such, the objective of this prospective, internal-controlled, blind clinical study was to assess the safety and efficacy of cryolipolysis followed by multipolar radiofrequency with pulsed electromagnetic elds (PEMF) and adjustable pulsed suction for the treatment of skin laxity in the flanks...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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