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Electromagnetic therapy

N R Datta, S Krishnan, D E Speiser, E Neufeld, N Kuster, S Bodis, H Hofmann
Effective multimodal cancer management requires the optimal integration of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy, alone or in combination, are integral parts of various cancer treatment protocols. Hyperthermia at 39-45°C is a potent radiosensitiser and has been shown to improve therapeutic outcomes in various tumours through its synergy with chemotherapy. Gene silencing approaches, using small interfering RNAs and microRNAs, are also being explored in clinical trials in oncology...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Patrícia Manuela Ribeiro Pereira, Sandrina Silva, Mafalda Bispo, Mónica da Rocha Zuzarte, Célia Gomes, Henrique Girão, José A S Cavaleiro, Carlos A Fontes Ribeiro, Joao P C Tome, Rosa Fernandes
Here we report the rational design of a new third-generation photosensitizer (PS), a chlorin conjugated with galactodendritic units, ChlGal8, to improve the effectiveness of bladder cancer treatment. ChlGal8 shows better photo-chemical and -physical properties than a recently reported homologous porphyrin, PorGal8. In addition to inheriting excellent photostability, ability to generate singlet oxygen and to interact with the proteins galectin-1 and human serum albumin (HSA), ChlGal8 exhibits high absorption in the red region of the electromagnetic spectrum...
October 17, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Maria Vadalà, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina, Annamaria Vallelunga, Beniamino Palmieri, Carmen Laurino, Tommaso Iannitti
Cancer is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Available treatments are associated with numerous side effects and only a low percentage of patients achieve complete remission. Therefore, there is a strong need for new therapeutic strategies. In this regard, pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy presents several potential advantages including non-invasiveness, safety, lack of toxicity for non-cancerous cells, and the possibility of being combined with other available therapies. Indeed, PEMF stimulation has already been used in the context of various cancer types including skin, breast, prostate, hepatocellular, lung, ovarian, pancreatic, bladder, thyroid, and colon cancer in vitro and in vivo...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Medicine
G N Tayupova, A R Saitgareeva, A R Baitimerov, O S Levin
This review presents the results of studies investigating the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TKMS) on motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been found that TKMS reduces the severity of both motor and non-motor disorders without causing serious side-effects. Magnetic field therapy can be combined with pharmacological and non-drug therapies, including the use of dopaminergic therapy, antidepressants and anti-dementia drugs, as well as stereotactic operations. It is necessary to continue the study of the influence of TKMS on the severity of PD symptoms using different electromagnetic characteristics...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Konstantin Tamarov, Wujun Xu, Liubov Osminkina, Sergey Zinovyev, Pasi Soininen, Andrey Kudryavtsev, Maxim Gongalsky, Azha Gaydarova, Ale Närvänen, Victor Timoshenko, Vesa-Pekka Lehto
: One critical functionality of the carrier system utilized in targeted drug delivery is its ability to trigger the release of the therapeutic cargo once the carrier has reached its target. External triggering is an alluring approach as it can be applied in a precise spatiotemporal manner. In the present study, we achieved external triggering through the porous silicon (PSi) nanoparticles (NPs) by providing a pulse of infrared or radiofrequency radiation. The NPs were grafted with a temperature responsive polymer whose critical temperature was tailored to be slightly above 37°C...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
J Booth, V Caillet, N Hardcastle, C R Haddad, B Harris, K Szymura, C Crasta, R O'Brien, T Eade, P Keall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
P Keall, E Colvill, T Eade, P Juneja, A Kneebone, R O'Brien, P R Poulsen, J Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
K Grantham, H Wan, N M Maughan, D J Muccigrosso, H Schultejans, R Bera, P J Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Hannah Friedman, John V Higgins, James D Ryan, Thomas Konecny, Samuel J Asirvatham, Yong-Mei Cha
BACKGROUND: In the USA, the number of people needing implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) has grown dramatically. Many ICD recipients will need to undergo a surgical procedure at some point following ICD implantation. Most surgeries involve the use of electrocautery. Currently, the effects of electrocautery-induced electromagnetic interference (EI-EMI) on ICDs are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to study EI-EMI using prospectively collected clinical data. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected ICD data from patients undergoing a surgical procedure at Mayo Clinic between 2011 and 2012...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
S Incerti, M Douglass, S Penfold, S Guatelli, E Bezak
Emerging radiotherapy treatments including targeted particle therapy, hadron therapy or radiosensitisation of cells by high-Z nanoparticles demand the theoretical determination of radiation track structure at the nanoscale. This is essential in order to evaluate radiation damage at the cellular and DNA level. Since 2007, Geant4 offers physics models to describe particle interactions in liquid water at the nanometre level through the Geant4-DNA Package. This package currently provides a complete set of models describing the event-by-event electromagnetic interactions of particles with liquid water, as well as developments for the modelling of water radiolysis...
September 19, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Ze-Rui Zhao, Zheng Li, Dong-Rong Situ, Calvin S H Ng
The concept of personalized medicine, which aims to provide patients with targeted therapies while greatly reducing surgical trauma, is gaining popularity among Asian clinicians. Single port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has rapidly gained popularity in Hong Kong for major lung resections, despite bringing new challenges such as interference between surgical instruments and insertion of the optical source through a single incision. Novel types of endocutters and thoracoscopes can help reduce the difficulties commonly encountered during single-port VATS...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Víctor Peña-Martínez, Jorge Lara-Arias, Félix Vilchez-Cavazos, Eduardo Álvarez-Lozano, Roberto Montes de Oca-Luna, Óscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: A fracture repair involves complex cellular processes. However, despite optimal treatment, some fractures heal slowly or do not repair. These complications support the need for innovative therapies. Electromagnetic stimulation is a non-invasive technology that could have a direct impact on many cellular pathways. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of electro-stimulation by alternating current applied during bone elongation to accelerate the consolidation process for 30 days in an animal model...
September 12, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Elliot Smith, Fabio Freschi, Maurizio Repetto, Stuart Crozier
PURPOSE: Gradient strength and speed are limited by peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) thresholds. The coil array method allows the gradient field to be moved across the imaging area. This can help reduce PNS and provide faster imaging for image-guided therapy systems such as the magnetic resonance imaging-guided linear accelerator (MRI-linac). THEORY: The coil array is designed such that many coils produce magnetic fields, which combine to give the desired gradient profile...
September 8, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Paola Franzone, Alba Fiorentino, Salvina Barra, Domenico Cante, Laura Masini, Elena Cazzulo, Liana Todisco, Pietro Gabriele, Elisabetta Garibaldi, Anna Merlotti, Maria Grazia Ruo Redda, Filippo Alongi, Renzo Corvò
The use of imaging to maximize precision and accuracy throughout the entire process of radiation therapy (RT) delivery has been called "Image-guided RT" (IGRT). RT has long been image guided: in fact, historically, the portal films and later electronic megavoltage images represented an early form of IGRT. A broad range of IGRT modalities is now available and adopted. The target location may be defined for each treatment fraction by several methods by localizing surrogates, including implanted fiducial markers, external surface markers or anatomical features (through planar imaging, fluoroscopy, KV or MV computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and X-ray imaging, electromagnetic localization, optical surface imaging, etc...
September 6, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Jack Finnegan, Hui Ye
Spinal cord injury devastates the CNS, besetting patients with symptoms including but not limited to: paralysis, autonomic nervous dysfunction, pain disorders and depression. Despite the identification of several molecular and genetic factors, a reliable regenerative therapy has yet to be produced for this terminal disease. Perhaps the missing piece of this puzzle will be discovered within endogenous electrotactic cellular behaviors. Neurons and stem cells both show mediated responses (growth rate, migration, differentiation) to electromagnetic waves, including direct current electric fields...
October 2016: Regenerative Medicine
Nicole D Osier, C Edward Dixon
Controlled cortical impact (CCI) is a mechanical model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that was developed nearly 30 years ago with the goal of creating a testing platform to determine the biomechanical properties of brain tissue exposed to direct mechanical deformation. Initially used to model TBIs produced by automotive crashes, the CCI model rapidly transformed into a standardized technique to study TBI mechanisms and evaluate therapies. CCI is most commonly produced using a device that rapidly accelerates a rod to impact the surgically exposed cortical dural surface...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Ricky Chen, David C Spencer, Jennifer Weston, Sarah J Nolan
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a highly prevalent neurological condition characterized by repeated unprovoked seizures with various etiologies. Although antiepileptic medications produce clinical improvement in most individuals, nearly a third of individuals have drug-resistant epilepsy that carries significant morbidity and mortality. There remains a need for non-invasive and more effective therapies for this population. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses electromagnetic coils to excite or inhibit neurons, with repetitive pulses at low-frequency producing an inhibitory effect that could conceivably reduce cortical excitability associated with epilepsy...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Thushara Perera, Shivanthan A C Yohanandan, Wesley Thevathasan, Mary Jones, Richard Peppard, Andrew H Evans, Joy L Tan, Colette M McKay, Hugh J McDermott
Tremor is characterized commonly through subjective clinical rating scales. Accelerometer-based techniques for objective tremor measurement have been developed in the past, yet these measures are usually presented as an unintuitive dimensionless index without measurement units. Here we have developed a tool (TREMBAL) to provide quantifiable and objective measures of tremor severity using electromagnetic motion tracking. We aimed to compare TREMBAL's objective measures with clinical tremor ratings and determine the test-retest reliability of our technique...
September 2016: Physiological Measurement
Matthew J Snyder, Lawrence M Gibbs, Tammy J Lindsay
Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs in approximately 25% of patients with diabetes mellitus who are treated in the office setting and significantly affects quality of life. It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses proximally from the feet and hands. Clinicians should carefully consider the patient's goals and functional status and potential adverse effects of medication when choosing a treatment for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy...
August 1, 2016: American Family Physician
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