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Myocardial infarction health utility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778317/appropriate-use-of-noninvasive-ischemia-testing-to-guide-revascularization-decision-making-following-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-latin-american-countries-results-from-an-expert-panel-meeting-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#1
I Berrocal, A Peix, F Mut, L J Shaw, G Karthikeyan, E Estrada Lobato, D Paez
Across Latin American and Caribbean countries, cardiovascular disease and especially ischemic heart disease is currently the main cause of death both in men and in women. For most Latin American and Caribbean countries, public and community health efforts aim to define care strategies which are both clinically and cost effective and promote primary and secondary prevention, resulting in improved patient outcomes. The optimal approach to deal with acute events such as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a matter of controversy; however, there is an expanding role for assessing residual ischemic burden in STEMI patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764713/utility-of-grace-and-acuity-horizons-risk-scores-to-guide-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-korean-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-drug-eluting-stenting
#2
Doo Sun Sim, Myung Ho Jeong, Hyo Soo Kim, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, Ki Bae Seung, Seung Woon Rha, Shung Chull Chae, Chong Jin Kim, Kwang Soo Cha, Jong Sun Park, Jung Han Yoon, Jei Keon Chae, Seung Jae Joo, Dong Ju Choi, Seung Ho Hur, In Whan Seong, Myeong Chan Cho, Doo Il Kim, Seok Kyu Oh, Tae Hoon Ahn, Jin Yong Hwang
BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is recommended in patients receiving drug-eluting stents (DES). However, bleeding risk should be weighed against ischemic risk. Utility of GRACE risk score and ACUITY-HORIZONS bleeding risk score was assessed in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) according to use of P2Y12 blocker. METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 7791 patients with acute MI receiving DES were divided into ticagrelor (n=1554) and clopidogrel (n=6237) groups...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748060/haemodynamically-derived-pulmonary-artery-pulsatility-index-predicts-mortality-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#3
Sula Mazimba, Timothy S Welch, Hunter Mwansa, Khadijah K Breathett, Jamie L W Kennedy, Andrew D Mihalek, William C Harding, Manu M Mysore, David X Zhuo, Kenneth C Bilchick
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery (PA) pulsitility index (PAPi) is a novel haemodynamic index shown to predict right ventricular failure in acute inferior myocardial infarction and post left ventricular assist device surgery. We hypothesised that PAPi calculated as [PA systolic pressure - PA diastolic pressure]/right atrial pressure (RAP) would be associated with mortality in the National Institutes of Health Registry for Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (NIH-RPPH). METHODS: The impact of PAPi, the Pulmonary Hypertension Connection (PHC) risk score, right ventricular stroke work, pulmonary artery capacitance (PAC), other haemodynamic indices, and demographic characteristics was evaluated in 272 NIH-RPPH patients using multivariable Cox proportional hazards (CPH) regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
April 17, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739432/emergency-management-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-eastern-austria-a-descriptive-quality-control-study
#4
Helmut Trimmel, Thomas Bayer, Wolfgang Schreiber, Wolfgang G Voelckel, Lukas Fiedler
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is a time-critical condition and its outcome is determined by appropriate emergency care. Thus we assessed the efficacy of a supra-regional ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) network in Easternern Austria. METHODS: The Eastern Austrian STEMI network serves a population of approx. 766.000 inhabitants within a region of 4186 km2 . Established in 2007, it now comprises 20 pre-hospital emergency medical service (EMS) units (10 of these physician-staffed), 4 hospitals and 3 cardiac intervention centres...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736894/smoking-cessation-a-comparison-of-two-model-structures
#5
Becky Pennington, Alex Filby, Lesley Owen, Matthew Taylor
BACKGROUND: Most economic evaluations of smoking cessation interventions have used cohort state-transition models. Discrete event simulations (DESs) have been proposed as a superior approach. OBJECTIVE: We developed a state-transition model and a DES using the discretely integrated condition event (DICE) framework and compared the cost-effectiveness results. We performed scenario analysis using the DES to explore the impact of alternative assumptions. METHODS: The models estimated the costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for the intervention and comparator from the perspective of the UK National Health Service and Personal Social Services over a lifetime horizon...
May 8, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659790/ratio-of-transmitral-early-filling-velocity-to-early-diastolic-strain-rate-predicts-long-term-risk-of-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-general-population
#6
Mats Christian Højbjerg Lassen, Sofie Reumert Biering-Sørensen, Flemming Javier Olsen, Kristoffer Grundtvig Skaarup, Kirsten Tolstrup, Atif Nazier Qasim, Rasmus Møgelvang, Jan Skov Jensen, Tor Biering-Sørensen
Aims: It has previously been demonstrated that the ratio of early mitral inflow velocity to global diastolic strain rate (E/e'sr) is a significant predictor of cardiac events in specific patient populations. The utility of this measurement to predict cardiovascular events in a general population has not been evaluated. Methods and results: A total of 1238 participants in a general population study underwent a health examination including echocardiography where global longitudinal strain (GLS) and E/e'sr were determined...
April 5, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605152/pharmacologic-hemostatic-agents-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#7
Dipak B Ramkumar, Niveditta Ramkumar, Stephanie J Tapp, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: Total knee and hip arthroplasties can be associated with substantial blood loss, affecting morbidity and even mortality. Two pharmacological antifibrinolytics, ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA) and tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used to minimize perioperative blood loss, but both have associated morbidity. Given the added cost of these medications and the risks associated with then, a cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken to ascertain the best strategy. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness model was constructed using the payoffs of cost (in United States dollars) and effectiveness (quality-adjusted life expectancy, in days)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580629/rates-of-echocardiography-coronary-angiography-and-coronary-intervention-associated-with-troponin-testing-in-hospitalized-patients
#8
Gibbs Wilson, Kevin Kurian, Syed Zamin, Jonathan Urbanczyk, Travis Haneke, Cameron Simonsen, Sachin Mehta, Mitta Suresh, Jeffrey Michel
Diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) often depends on detection of cardiac troponin elevation >99th percentile. However, troponin elevation is commonly found in patients without AMI. We have previously reported an association between troponin elevation and rates of electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography (ECHO), and coronary angiography (CAG) in patients with a primary diagnosis of sepsis. We hypothesized that elevated troponin might be associated with greater use of ECHO and CAG in primary diagnoses other than sepsis and that this correlation might also include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557277/a-mini-review-garlic-extract-and-vascular-diseases
#9
Yuequan Zhu, Raja Anand, Xiaokun Geng, Yuchuan Ding
Vascular diseases refer to medical conditions that narrow blood vessels. Narrowed cardiac or cerebral arteries can lead to myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke. Risk factors including atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes may induce either cardiovascular or cerebral complications. Based on current research, garlic favorably affects atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes, and helps decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. Garlic has been utilized for hundreds of years as a natural health remedy...
March 20, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557218/prospective-utility-study-of-patients-with-multiple-cardiovascular-events
#10
Rhys D Pockett, Phil McEwan, Joshua Ray, Irwin Tran, Simon Shutler, Steven Martin, Zaheer Yousef, Ameet Bakhai
OBJECTIVES: The effects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events on health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) and the time dependency of these effects are unknown. This study aimed to characterize health utilities in ACS patients to aid development of future economic models estimating the cost per quality-adjusted life-year impact of ACS events and potential treatments. METHODS: Multi-center, non-interventional, longitudinal evaluation of health utility in patients experiencing ACS or stroke events...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536101/health-care-spending-in-the-united-states-and-other-high-income-countries
#11
Irene Papanicolas, Liana R Woskie, Ashish K Jha
Importance: Health care spending in the United States is a major concern and is higher than in other high-income countries, but there is little evidence that efforts to reform US health care delivery have had a meaningful influence on controlling health care spending and costs. Objective: To compare potential drivers of spending, such as structural capacity and utilization, in the United States with those of 10 of the highest-income countries (United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Australia, Japan, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Denmark) to gain insight into what the United States can learn from these nations...
March 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454380/quality-of-life-satisfaction-and-outcomes-after-ministernotomy-versus-full-sternotomy-isolated-aortic-valve-replacement-quality-avr-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Emiliano A Rodríguez-Caulo, Ana Guijarro-Contreras, Juan Otero-Forero, María José Mataró, Gemma Sánchez-Espín, Arantza Guzón, Carlos Porras, Miguel Such, Antonio Ordóñez, José María Melero-Tejedor, Manuel Jiménez-Navarro
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, the use of ministernotomy in cardiac surgery has increased. Quality of life and patient satisfaction after ministernotomy have never been compared to conventional full sternotomy in randomised trials. The aim of the study is to determine if this minimally invasive approach improves quality of life, satisfaction and clinical morbimortality outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: The QUALITY-AVR trial is a single-blind, single-centre, independent, and pragmatic randomised clinical trial comparing ministernotomy ("J" shaped upper hemisternotomy toward right 4th intercostal space) to full sternotomy in patients with isolated severe aortic stenosis scheduled for elective aortic valve replacement...
February 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449950/impact-of-malnutrition-on-survival-and-healthcare-utilization-in-medicare-beneficiaries-with-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#13
Naseer Ahmed, Yong Choe, Vikkie A Mustad, Sumita Chakraborty, Scott Goates, Menghua Luo, Jeffrey I Mechanick
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of pre-existing malnutrition on survival and economic implications in elderly patients with diabetes. Research design and methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted to examine the impact of malnutrition with or without other significant health conditions on survival time and healthcare costs using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data from 1999 to 2014 for beneficiaries with a confirmed first date of initial diagnosis of diabetes (n=15 121 131)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436251/improvement-of-metabolic-control-and-diabetes-management-in-insulin-treated-patients-results-in-substantial-cost-savings-for-the-german-health-system
#14
Katharina Fritzen, Bettina Gutschek, Benedikte Coucke, Katerina Zakrzewska, Michael Hummel, Oliver Schnell
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) using the ColourSure™ Technology to visualize target range showed improvement of metabolic control and overall diabetes self-management in insulin-treated patients. This economic analysis aimed to identify cost savings for the German health system resulting from an HbA1c reduction due to the utilization of user-friendly glucose meters. METHODS: Patient data from a recently published observational study on SMBG were used for risk evaluations using the UKPDS risk engine...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423535/the-population-impact-of-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-relation-to-other-non-communicable-disorders-comparing-two-estimation-approaches
#15
Daniela Simões, Fábio Azevedo Araújo, Teresa Monjardino, Milton Severo, Ivo Cruz, Loreto Carmona, Raquel Lucas
The aim of this study was to quantify the population impact of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), using two complementary strategies: standard multivariate models based on global burden of disease (GBD)-defined groups vs. empirical mutually exclusive patterns of NCDs. We used cross-sectional data from the Portuguese Fourth National Health Survey (n = 23,752). Six GBD-defined groups were included: RMDs, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, cancer, depression, diabetes or renal failure, and stroke or myocardial infarction...
May 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343292/global-trends-in-the-awareness-of-sepsis-insights-from-search-engine-data-between-2012-and-2017
#16
Craig S Jabaley, James M Blum, Robert F Groff, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is an established global health priority with high mortality that can be curtailed through early recognition and intervention; as such, efforts to raise awareness are potentially impactful and increasingly common. We sought to characterize trends in the awareness of sepsis by examining temporal, geographic, and other changes in search engine utilization for sepsis information-seeking online. METHODS: Using time series analyses and mixed descriptive methods, we retrospectively analyzed publicly available global usage data reported by Google Trends (Google, Palo Alto, CA, USA) concerning web searches for the topic of sepsis between 24 June 2012 and 24 June 2017...
January 17, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321135/acute-myocardial-infarction-readmission-risk-prediction-models-a-systematic-review-of-model-performance
#17
Lauren N Smith, Anil N Makam, Douglas Darden, Helen Mayo, Sandeep R Das, Ethan A Halm, Oanh Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are subject to federal financial penalties for excessive 30-day hospital readmissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Prospectively identifying patients hospitalized with AMI at high risk for readmission could help prevent 30-day readmissions by enabling targeted interventions. However, the performance of AMI-specific readmission risk prediction models is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched the published literature through March 2017 for studies of risk prediction models for 30-day hospital readmission among adults with AMI...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318435/exploring-the-relationship-between-spiritual-well-being-and-death-anxiety-in-survivors-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-moderating-role-of-sex-marital-status-and-social-support
#18
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Ken Kyid Yeoh, Bianca Panarello
Previous empirical studies have shown that both spiritual well-being (SWB) and death anxiety (DA) significantly affect the mental health of patients with acute diseases. In this regard, our paper contributes to the extant literature by scrutinizing the conditional relationship between SWB and DA as well as the various mechanisms underpinning such a relationship in patients with acute myocardial infraction (AMI). A descriptive, correlational methodology was utilized. Our main sample consisted of 300 patients with acute myocardial infraction who were hospitalized in a specialized medical institution in Iran throughout a two-month period (i...
April 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305714/diagnoses-of-cardiovascular-disease-or-substance-addiction-abuse-in-us-adults-treated-for-adhd-with-stimulants-or-atomoxetine-is-use-consistent-with-product-labeling
#19
Kathleen A Fairman, Lindsay E Davis, Alyssa M Peckham, David A Sclar
BACKGROUND: Among US adults, utilization of pharmacotherapy for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased more than ninefold since 1995-1996. Potential contraindications to ADHD pharmacotherapy include serious cardiovascular disease (CVD) and, for stimulants, addictions and bipolar disorder (BPD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of potential contraindications among adults treated with ADHD pharmacotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the Truven Health MarketScan® database...
March 2018: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301713/the-coronary-artery-disease-reporting-and-data-system-cad-rads-prognostic-and-clinical-implications-associated-with-standardized-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-reporting
#20
Joe X Xie, Ricardo C Cury, Jonathon Leipsic, Matthew T Crim, Daniel S Berman, Heidi Gransar, Matthew J Budoff, Stephan Achenbach, Bríain Ó Hartaigh, Tracy Q Callister, Hugo Marques, Ronen Rubinshtein, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Daniele Andreini, Gianluca Pontone, Filippo Cademartiri, Erica Maffei, Kavitha Chinnaiyan, Gilbert Raff, Martin Hadamitzky, Joerg Hausleiter, Gudrun Feuchtner, Allison Dunning, Augustin DeLago, Yong-Jin Kim, Philipp A Kaufmann, Todd C Villines, Benjamin J W Chow, Niree Hindoyan, Millie Gomez, Fay Y Lin, Erica Jones, James K Min, Leslee J Shaw
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess clinical outcomes associated with the novel Coronary Artery Disease-Reporting and Data System (CAD-RADS) scores used to standardize coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) reporting and their potential utility in guiding post-coronary CTA care. BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support is a major focus of health care policies aimed at improving guideline-directed care. Recently, CAD-RADS was developed to standardize coronary CTA reporting and includes clinical recommendations to facilitate patient management after coronary CTA...
January 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
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