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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667222/exploring-concussion-awareness-in-hockey-with-a-first-nations-community-in-canada
#1
Cindy Hunt, Alicja Michalak, Chrissy Lefkimmiatis, Elaine Johnston, Leila Macumber, Tony Jocko, Donna Ouchterlony
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was twofold: (1) to begin to understand concussion in youth hockey in a First Nations community in Canada and (2) to determine the impact of a novel concussion education workshop. DESIGN: A one-group quasiexperimental time series study was undertaken. SAMPLE: A total of 41 participants consented, with 71% (n = 29) completing data collection at all three study time points. MEASUREMENT AND INTERVENTIONS: Two nurses one from the First Nations community and one from the tertiary care center collaborated to develop and deliver the intervention on concussion specifically general, hockey and symptom knowledge...
April 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666024/social-determinants-of-self-reported-health-for-canada-s-indigenous-peoples-a-public-health-approach
#2
R Bethune, N Absher, M Obiagwu, T Qarmout, M Steeves, M Yaghoubi, R Tikoo, M Szafron, C Dell, M Farag
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, indigenous peoples suffer from a multitude of health disparities. To better understand these disparities, this study aims to examine the social determinants of self-reported health for indigenous peoples in Canada. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses data from Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2012. METHODS: Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine how selected social determinants of health are associated with self-reported health among off-reserve First Nations and Métis peoples in Canada...
April 14, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653319/analysis-of-fatal-accidents-with-tractors-in-the-centre-of-portugal-ten-years-analysis
#3
Soraia M Antunes, Cristina Cordeiro, Helena M Teixeira
Tractors have been described as one of the deadliest farming implements concerning agricultural activity. In Portugal, the scientific investigations about this problem are practically non-existent, with only statistical studies performed by entities related to road traffic safety, not in accordance to the study now performed, pinpointing the possibility of an underreporting of these accidents. This work aims to characterize the fatal tractor accidents in Portugal, autopsied at the Forensic Pathology Department of the Centre Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, analysing several variables: gender, age, occupation, survival time, the victim position in the tractor, cause of death, toxicological and histological exams, year/month/day of the week, type of agricultural machine, existence of rollover protective structures (ROPS), type of accident, ground conditions, circumstantial information and geographic distribution of the accidents...
April 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652890/state-tobacco-control-expenditures-and-tax-paid-cigarette-sales
#4
John A Tauras, Xin Xu, Jidong Huang, Brian King, S Rene Lavinghouze, Karla S Sneegas, Frank J Chaloupka
This research is the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between actual state-level tobacco control spending in each of the 5 CDC's Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program categories and cigarette sales. We employed several alternative two-way fixed-effects regression techniques to estimate the determinants of cigarette sales in the United States for the years 2008-2012. State spending on tobacco control was found to have a negative and significant impact on cigarette sales in all models that were estimated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626582/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-diabetes-in-portugal-results-from-the-first-national-health-examination-survey-insef-2015
#5
Marta Barreto, Irina Kislaya, Vânia Gaio, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Ana João Santos, Sónia Namorado, Liliana Antunes, Ana Paula Gil, José Manuel Boavida, Rogério Tavares Ribeiro, Ana Clara Silva, Patrícia Vargas, Tamara Prokopenko, Baltazar Nunes, Carlos Matias Dias
AIMS: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health threat worldwide and continues to increase in numbers and significance. Estimates of diabetes prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are essential to effectively monitor its trends, plan and evaluate interventions. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide health examination survey in the population residing in Portugal aged between 25 and 74 years old in 2015. It consisted in a cross sectional prevalence study which included the measurement of HbA1c, a physical examination and a general health interview of a probabilistic sample of 4911 individuals (Authorization n°9348/2010 of the National Committee for Data Protection)...
April 4, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625587/the-norwegian-national-summary-care-record-a-qualitative-analysis-of-doctors-use-of-and-trust-in-shared-patient-information
#6
Kari Dyb, Line Lundvoll Warth
BACKGROUND: This paper explores Norwegian doctors' use of and experiences with a national tool for sharing core patient health information. The summary care record (SCR; the Kjernejournal in Norwegian) is the first national system for sharing patient information among the various levels and institutions of health care throughout the country. The health authorities have invested heavily in the development, implementation and deployment of this tool, and as of 2017 all Norwegian citizens have a personalised SCR...
April 6, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606693/canadian-alliance-for-healthy-hearts-and-minds-first-nations-cohort-study-rationale-and-design
#7
Sonia S Anand, Sylvia Abonyi, Laura Arbour, Jeff Brook, Sharon Bruce, Heather Castleden, Dipika Desai, Russell J de Souza, Stewart Harris, James Irvine, Christopher Lai, Diana Lewis, Richard T Oster, Paul Poirier, Ellen L Toth, Karen Bannon, Vicky Chrisjohn, Albertha D Davis, Jean L'Hommecourt, Randy Littlechild, Kathleen McMullin, Sarah McIntosh, Julie Morrison, Manon Picard, Pictou Landing First Nation, Melissa M Thomas, Natasa Tusevljak, Matthias G Friedrich, Jack V Tu
BACKGROUND: This is the first national indigenous cohort study in which a common, in-depth protocol with a common set of objectives has been adopted by several indigenous communities across Canada. OBJECTIVES: The overarching objective of the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) cohort is to investigate how the community-level environment is associated with individual health behaviors and the presence and progression of chronic disease risk factors and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606222/effectiveness-of-inpatient-withdrawal-and-residential-rehabilitation-interventions-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-national-observational-cohort-study-in-england
#8
Brian Eastwood, Amy Peacock, Tim Millar, Andrew Jones, Jonathan Knight, Patrick Horgan, Tim Lowden, Peter Willey, John Marsden
BACKGROUND: This was a national English observational cohort study to estimate the effectiveness of inpatient withdrawal (IW) and residential rehabilitation (RR) interventions for alcohol use disorder (AUD) using administrative data. METHODS: All adults commencing IW and/or RR intervention for AUD between April 1, 2014 and March 31, 2015 reported to the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (n=3812). The primary outcome was successful completion of treatment within 12months of commencement, with no re-presentation (SCNR) in the subsequent six months, analysed by multi-level, mixed effects, multivariable logistic regression...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605801/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-multi-center-controlled-trial
#9
Serkan Ozakbas, Recai Turkoglu, Yusuf Tamam, Murat Terzi, Ozlem Taskapilioglu, Canan Yucesan, Hatice Limoncu Baser, Mehmet Gencer, Esref Akil, Sedat Sen, Omer Faruk Turan, Mine Hayriye Sorgun, Pinar Yigit, Nevin Turkes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common problem in multiple sclerosis (MS), may occur either in early or late phase of the disease, and impairs quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CI and related risk factors in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients in Turkey. METHODS: The present cross-sectional, multi-center, and nationally representative study included RRMS patients. Sociodemographic characteristics, cognitive functions and additional outcomes were compared between patients with and without CI...
March 24, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605057/first-nations-people-s-perspectives-on-barriers-and-supports-for-enhancing-hpv-vaccination-foundations-for-sustainable-community-driven-strategies
#10
R I Henderson, M Shea-Budgell, C Healy, A Letendre, L Bill, B Healy, R A Bednarczyk, K Mrklas, C Barnabe, J Guichon, N Bedingfield, S MacDonald, A Colquhoun, S Glaze, T Nash, C Bell, J Kellner, R Richardson, T Dixon, J Starlight, G Runner, G Nelson
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, Indigenous people have higher human papillomavirus (HPV) infection rates, lower screening rates for cervical cancer, and higher rates of invasive cancer, leading to worse cervical cancer-related outcomes than observed in non-Indigenous Canadian women. Lingering harms from European colonization drive these health inequities and create public health challenges. Policy guidance is needed to optimize HPV vaccination rates and, thereby, decrease the burden of HPV-related illness, including high-morbidity surgical procedures and chemo-radiotherapy...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599875/analysis-of-tactical-decisional-and-executional-behaviour-according-to-the-level-of-expertise-in-squash
#11
María Catalán-Eslava, Sixto González-Víllora, Juan C Pastor-Vicedo, Onofre R Contreras-Jordán
The objective of this study was to analyse the differences in tactical principles, decision-making and execution of the return shot and drop shot of squash players at different levels of proficiency. The sample was composed of 80 players, divided into four levels of expertise (first national category, second national category, autonomous regional level and provincial level). The Squash Performance Evaluation Tool was used for recording the level of decision-making and execution. The results revealed that reading of the context of the game improved as the level of the player's expertise of both the return shot and the drop shot increased...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596083/the-scope-of-extra-professional-caregiving-challenges-among-early-career-faculty-findings-from-a-university-medical-center
#12
Katherine E Hartmann, Alexandra C Sundermann, Rebecca Helton, Helen Bird, Ashley Wood
PURPOSE: Academic scientists work in competitive environments and many institutions invest in career development supports. These investments may be imperiled when extra-professional demands challenge a faculty member's reserve capacity. This research assessed prevalence of caregiving challenges and estimated incidence of stressful life events. METHOD: In 2015-2016, the authors surveyed recipients of career development awards supporting ≥ 75% effort and individuals within the funding period of their first National Institutes of Health R01 or equivalent at Vanderbilt University Medical Center...
March 27, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595343/on-the-persistence-and-detectability-of-ancient-beothuk-mitochondrial-dna-genomes-in-living-first-nations-peoples
#13
Ashley Collier, Steven M Carr
Claims have long been made as to the survival to the present day of descendants of the Newfoundland Beothuk, a group generally accepted to have become extinct with the death of the last known member, Shanawdithit, in 1829. Interest has recently been revived by the availability of commercial genetic testing, which some claim can assign living individuals to specific Native American groups. We compare complete mitogenome sequences (16569 bp) from aDNA of eight distinct Beothuk lineages, including Shanawdithit's uncle Nonosabasut and his wife Demasduit, with three Newfoundland Mi'kmaq lineages and 21 other living Native Americans drawn from GenBank...
March 29, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592797/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-among-healthcare-workers-in-chinese-tuberculosis-facilities
#14
Xiao-Ning Wang, Tian-Lun He, Meng-Jie Geng, Yu-Dan Song, Ji-Chun Wang, Min Liu, Sarah Jayne Hoosdally, Ana Luíza Gibertoni Cruz, Fei Zhao, Yu Pang, Yan-Lin Zhao, Guang-Xue He
BACKGROUND: China is one of 22 countries with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden in the world. Healthcare workers (HCWs) have a high risk of contracting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection due to insufficient infection control practices. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the prevalence of TB and its associated risk factors among HCWs in Chinese TB facilities. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one TB facilities employing a total of 9663 HCWs were selected from 12 provinces in China to represent healthcare settings at the provincial, prefectural, and county levels...
March 24, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587892/equality-of-care-between-first-nations-and-non-first-nations-patients-in-saskatoon-emergency-departments
#15
Rachit Batta, Robert Carey, Martin Ashley Sasbrink-Harkema, Taofiq Olusegun Oyedokun, Hyun J Lim, James Stempien
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? There are concerns regarding unequal treatment towards First Nations people when engaged with health care services. What did this study ask? Whether quantitative differences in care exist between First Nations and non-First Nations patients in the ED. What did this study find? First Nations presenting with abdominal pain were found to have no difference in the time-related care parameters relative to non-First Nations patients. Why does this study matter to clinicians? Future quantitative and qualitative studies will be necessary to further understand the care inequality that has been expressed among First Nations patients...
March 28, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581209/index-coronary-angiography-use-in-manitoba-canada-a-population-level-descriptive-analysis-of-first-nations-and-non-first-nations-recipients
#16
Annette S H Schultz, Lindsey Dahl, Elizabeth McGibbon, R Jarvis Brownlie, Catherine Cook, Basem Elbarouni, Alan Katz, Thang Nguyen, Jo Ann Sawatzky, Moneca Sinclaire, Karen Throndson, Randy Fransoo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate recipient characteristics and rates of index angiography among First Nations (FN) and non-FN populations in Manitoba, Canada. SETTING: Population-based, secondary analysis of provincial administrative health data. PARTICIPANTS: All adults 18 years or older who received an index angiogram between 2000/2001 and 2008/2009. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Descriptive statistics for age, sex, income quintile by rural and urban residency and Charlson Comorbidity Index for FN and non-FN recipients...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577326/a-feasibility-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-first-nations-acceptability-cultural-adaptation-and-preliminary-outcomes
#17
Claire V Crooks, Andrea Lapp, Monique Auger, Kim van der Woerd, Angela Snowshoe, Billie Jo Rogers, Samantha Tsuruda, Cassidy Caron
The Mental Health First Aid First Nations course was adapted from Mental Health First Aid Basic to create a community-based, culturally safe and relevant approach to promoting mental health literacy in First Nations contexts. Over 2.5 days, the course aims to build community capacity by teaching individuals to recognize and respond to mental health crises. This feasibility trial utilized mixed methods to evaluate the acceptability, cultural adaptation, and preliminary effectiveness of MHFAFN. Our approach was grounded in community-based participatory research principles, emphasizing relationship-driven procedures to collecting data and choice for how participants shared their voices...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569528/capacity-building-for-health-inequality-monitoring-in-indonesia-enhancing-the-equity-orientation-of-country-health-information-system
#18
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Jihane Tawilah, Anne Schlotheuber, Benedicte Briot, Massee Bateman, Tamzyn Davey, Nunik Kusumawardani, Theingi Myint, Mariet Tetty Nuryetty, Sabarinah Prasetyo, Suparmi, Rustini Floranita
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in health represent a major problem in many countries, including Indonesia. Addressing health inequality is a central component of the Sustainable Development Goals and a priority of the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO provides technical support for health inequality monitoring among its member states. Following a capacity-building workshop in the WHO South-East Asia Region in 2014, Indonesia expressed interest in incorporating health-inequality monitoring into its national health information system...
January 2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562596/the-relationship-between-persistent-organic-pollutants-exposure-and-type-2-diabetes-among-first-nations-in-ontario-and-manitoba-canada-a-difference-in-difference-analysis
#19
Lesya Marushka, Xuefeng Hu, Malek Batal, Tonio Sadik, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
We previously studied the association between fish consumption and prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Manitoba and Ontario First Nations (FNs), Canada and found different results. In this study, we used a difference in difference model to analyze the data. Dietary and health data from the First Nations Food Nutrition and Environment Study, a cross-sectional study of 706 Manitoba and 1429 Ontario FNs were analyzed. The consumption of fish was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Fish samples were analyzed for dichloro diphenyldichloro ethylene (DDE) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) content...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561692/antibiotic-resistant-infection-treatment-costs-have-doubled-since-2002-now-exceeding-2-billion-annually
#20
Kenneth E Thorpe, Peter Joski, Kenton J Johnston
Antibiotic-resistant infections are a global health care concern. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 23,000 Americans with these infections die each year. Rising infection rates add to the costs of health care and compromise the quality of medical and surgical procedures provided. Little is known about the national health care costs attributable to treating the infections. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we estimated the incremental health care costs of treating a resistant infection as well as the total national costs of treating such infections...
March 21, 2018: Health Affairs
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