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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530047/what-is-it-going-to-take-to-move-youth-related-hiv-programme-policies-into-practice-in-africa
#1
Daniella Mark, Lina Taing, Lucie Cluver, Chris Collins, Kate Iorpenda, Catarina Andrade, Luann Hatane
INTRODUCTION: HIV has been reported to be the leading cause of mortality amongst adolescents in Africa. This has brought attention to the changes in service provision and health management that many adolescents living with HIV experience when transferring from specialized paediatric- or adolescent-focused services to adult care. When transition is enacted poorly, adherence may be affected and the continuum of care disrupted. As the population of HIV-infected adolescents grows, effective and supported transition increases in significance as an operational imperative...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526043/management-of-rare-diseases-of-the-head-neck-and-teeth-results-of-a-french-population-based-prospective-8-year-study
#2
Lisa Friedlander, Rémy Choquet, Eva Galliani, Myriam de Chalendar, Claude Messiaen, Amélie Ruel, Marie-Paule Vazquez, Ariane Berdal, Corinne Alberti, Muriel De La Dure Molla
BACKGROUND: In the last ten years, national rare disease networks have been established in France, including national centres of expertise and regional ones, with storage of patient data in a bioinformatics tool. The aim was to contribute to the development and evaluation of health strategies to improve the management of patients with rare diseases. The objective of this study has been to provide the first national-level data concerning rare diseases of the head, neck and teeth and to assess the balance between demand and supply of care in France...
May 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509516/variations-in-survival-time-for-amalgam-and-resin-composite-restorations-a-population-based-cohort-analysis
#3
S Birch, R Price, P Andreou, G Jones, A Portolesi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between the restorative material used and time to further treatment across population cohorts with universal coverage for dental treatment. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cohort study of variation in survival time for tooth restorations over time and by restoration material used based on an Accelerated Failure Time model. CLINICAL SETTING: Primary dental care clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Members of Canada's First Nations and Inuit population covered by the Non-Insured Health Benefits program of Health Canada for the period April 1, 1999 to March 31, 2012...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502218/recommendations-to-reduce-inequalities-for-lgbt-people-facing-advanced-illness-accesscare-national-qualitative-interview-study
#4
Katherine Bristowe, Matthew Hodson, Bee Wee, Kathryn Almack, Katherine Johnson, Barbara A Daveson, Jonathan Koffman, Linda McEnhill, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans (LGBT) people have higher risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and unmet needs in advanced illness and bereavement. ACCESSCare is the first national study to examine in depth the experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness. AIM: To explore health-care experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness to elicit views regarding sharing identity (sexual orientation/gender history), accessing services, discrimination/exclusion and best-practice examples...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501814/a-scoping-review-protocol-on-social-participation-of-indigenous-elders-intergenerational-solidarity-and-their-influence-on-individual-and-community-wellness
#5
Chantal Viscogliosi, Hugo Asselin, Suzy Basile, Yves Couturier, Marie-Josée Drolet, Dominique Gagnon, Jill Torrie, Mélanie Levasseur
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous elders have traditionally played an important role in maintaining social cohesion within their communities. Today, part of this role has been taken over by government social and healthcare services, but they are having limited success in addressing social challenges. Increasing elders' social participation and intergenerational solidarity might foster community development and benefit young people, families, communities and the elders themselves. However, knowledge of the contribution of elders' social participation and intergenerational solidarity to wellness is scattered and needs to be synthesised...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494638/an-environmental-scan-of-emergency-response-systems-and-services-in-remote-first-nations-communities-in-northern-ontario
#6
E J Mew, S D Ritchie, D VanderBurgh, J L Beardy, J Gordon, M Fortune, S Mamakwa, A M Orkin
BACKGROUND: Approximately 24,000 Ontarians live in remote Indigenous communities with no road access. These communities are a subset of Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN), a political grouping of 49 First Nations communities in Northern Ontario, Canada. Limited information is available regarding the status of emergency care in these communities. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand emergency response systems, services, and training in remote NAN communities. DESIGN: We used an environmental scan approach to compile information from multiple sources including community-based participatory research...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492517/first-nations-approaches-to-childhood-obesity-healthy-lifestyles-in-canada-compared-with-alternatives-for-alaska-native-communities
#7
Peter A de Schweinitz, Janet M Wojcicki
Alaska Native and American Indian children have among the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States. Canadian Aboriginal populations including First Nations also have high rates of obesity but obesity rates among children are noticeably lower. We highlight some of the important differences between American and Canadian approaches to healthy lifestyles and Aboriginal/Native health, including diet and physical activity, which may in part explain the differences in obesity prevalence. Specifically, the Canadian government provides a food subsidy program to bring perishable fruits and vegetable to remote, rural Canadian areas and secondly supports the use of traditional foods and harvesting/gathering through a number of government supported programs...
May 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489764/mutual-associations-between-intellectual-disability-and-epilepsy-related-psychiatry-disability-population-based-study
#8
Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Lei Zhang, Xun Wen, Xiaoying Zheng
Epilepsy is the third-leading cause of psychiatry disability in China, and intellectual disability (ID) is also 1 major type of disabilities in China. This study estimates the prevalence of comorbidities with ID and epilepsy-related psychiatry disability (EPD) and examines mutual associations within ID and EPD.Data were taken from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability, which was a nationally representative, population-based survey. To derive a nationally representative sample, the survey used multistage, stratified, cluster random sampling with probability proportional to size...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483724/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-co-infection-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-visiting-antiretroviral-therapy-centres-in-nepal-a-first-nationally-representative-study
#9
G Ionita, A Malviya, R Rajbhandari, W William Schluter, G Sharma, S Kakchapati, S Rijal, S Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infections among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. METHODS: A sample of 677 PLHIV representing key affected populations (KAP) in Nepal, who were undergoing antiretroviral (ART) therapy in ART clinics around the country, were voluntarily enrolled in the study. Rapid kit-based testing followed by ELISA for validation was performed, focusing on HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482294/association-between-fish-consumption-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-persistent-organic-pollutants-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-in-18-first-nations-in-ontario-canada
#10
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, William David, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Donald Sharp, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: First Nations (FNs) populations in Canada experience a disproportionally higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population. Recent data suggest that a high consumption of fish may help prevent T2D. On the other hand, fish might also be a potential source of environmental contaminants which could potentially be a risk factor for T2D. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between self-reported T2D and consumption of locally-harvested fish, dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) and persistent organic pollutants intake among adult FNs living on reserve in Ontario...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480241/high-incidence-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcal-infections-in-remote-indigenous-communities-in-northwestern-ontario-canada
#11
Natalie Bocking, Cai-Lei Matsumoto, Kassandra Loewen, Sarah Teatero, Alex Marchand-Austin, Janet Gordon, Nahuel Fittipaldi, Allison McGeer
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, indigenous populations appear to be at increased risk for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) infections. Although there is empirical evidence that the burden of iGAS disease is significant among remote First Nations communities in Northwestern Ontario, Canada, the epidemiology of iGAS infections in the area remains poorly characterized. METHODS: Individuals that met case definition for iGAS disease and whose laboratory specimens were processed by Meno Ya Win Health Centre in Sioux Lookout, Canada or who were reported to Thunder Bay District Health Unit, Canada were identified for the period 2009 to 2014...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475790/prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-among-adult-inpatients-in-singapore-acute-care-hospitals-results-from-the-first-national-point-prevalence-survey
#12
Yiying Cai, Indumathi Venkatachalam, Nancy W Tee, Thean Yen Tan, Asok Kurup, Sin Yew Wong, Chian Yong Low, Yang Wang, Winnie Lee, Yi Xin Liew, Brenda Ang, David C Lye, Angela Chow, Moi Lin Ling, Helen M Oh, Cassandra A Cuvin, Say Tat Ooi, Surinder K Pada, Chong Hee Lim, Jack Wei Chieh Tan, Kean Lee Chew, Van Hai Nguyen, Dale A Fisher, Herman Goossens, Andrea L Kwa, Paul A Tambyah, Li Yang Hsu, Kalisvar Marimuthu
Background: We conducted a national point prevalence survey (PPS) to determine the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use (AMU) in Singapore acute-care hospitals. Methods: Trained personnel collected HAI, AMU, and baseline hospital- and patient-level data of adult inpatients from 13 private and public acute-care hospitals between July 2015 and February 2016, using the PPS methodology developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469443/self-reported-effects-of-water-on-health-in-first-nations-communities-in-saskatchewan-canada-results-from-community-based-participatory-research
#13
Cheryl L Waldner, Hubert Tote Alimezelli, Lianne McLeod, Rebecca Zagozewski, Lori Ea Bradford, Lalita A Bharadwaj
Water-related health challenges on First Nations reserves in Canada have been previously documented. Our objective was to describe factors associated with self-reported health effects from tap water in 8 First Nations reserve communities in Saskatchewan, Canada. Community-based participatory approaches were used in designing and implementing cross-sectional household surveys. Individual, household, community, and contextual effects were considered in multilevel analysis. Negative health effects from tap water were reported by 28% of households (n = 579)...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466606/very-low-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-among-young-french-children-a-national-cross-sectional-hospital-based-survey
#14
Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Serge Hercberg, Laurent Gouya, Corinne Levy, Alain Bocquet, Béatrice Blondel, Catherine Vincelet, Pascale Hebel, Isabelle Vinatier, Mariane de Montalembert, Henrique Barros, Yann Le Strat, Martin Chalumeau
Although iron deficiency (ID) is considered the most frequent micronutrient deficiency in industrialized countries and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment when occurring in early years, accurate recent estimations of its prevalence are lacking. Our objective was to estimate ID prevalence and associated sociodemographic markers in young children in France. The Saturn-Inf national cross-sectional hospital-based survey recruited 3,831 French children <6 years old between 2008 and 2009 to assess lead poisoning prevalence and to establish a biobank...
May 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462213/category-1-external-quality-assessment-program-for-serum-creatinine
#15
Elisabet González-Lao, Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Zoraida Corte, Carmen Ricós, Carmen Perich, Virtudes Álvarez, Margarita Simón, Joana Minchinela, José Vicente García-Lario, Beatriz Boned, Carmen Biosca, Fernando Cava, Pilar Fernández-Fernández, Pilar Fernández-Calle
BACKGROUND: The Commission of Analytical Quality and the Committee of External Quality Programs of Spanish Society of Laboratory Medicine (SEQC) in collaboration with the Dutch Foundation for the Quality organized the first national category 1 External Quality Assessment Programs (EQAP) pilot study. The aim is to evaluate the standardization of serum creatinine measurements in the Spanish laboratories through a category 1 external quality assurance program with commutable material and reference method assigned values...
March 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455735/public-priorities-for-osteoporosis-and-fracture-research-results-from-a-general-population-survey
#16
Zoe Paskins, Clare Jinks, Waheed Mahmood, Prakash Jayakumar, Caroline B Sangan, John Belcher, Stephen Gwilym
This is the first national study of public and patient research priorities in osteoporosis and fracture. We have identified new research areas of importance to members of the public, particularly 'access to information from health professionals'. The findings are being incorporated into the research strategy of the National Osteoporosis Society. PURPOSE: This study aimed to prioritise, with patients and public members, research topics for the osteoporosis research agenda. METHODS: An e-survey to identify topics for research was co-designed with patient representatives...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455732/using-public-participation-to-sample-trace-metals-in-lake-surface-sediments-the-opal-metals-survey
#17
S D Turner, N L Rose, B Goldsmith, J M Bearcock, C Scheib, H Yang
Members of the public in England were invited in 2010 to take part in a national metals survey, by collecting samples of littoral sediment from a standing water body for geochemical analysis. To our knowledge, this is the first national sediment metals survey using public participation and reveals a snapshot of the extent of metals contamination in ponds and lakes across England. Hg, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb concentrations exceeding sediment quality guidelines for the health of aquatic biota are ubiquitous in ponds and lakes, not just in areas with a legacy of industrial activity...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454045/canadian-harm-reduction-policies-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-provincial-and-territorial-documents-2000-2015
#18
REVIEW
T Cameron Wild, Bernie Pauly, Lynne Belle-Isle, Walter Cavalieri, Richard Elliott, Carol Strike, Kenneth Tupper, Andrew Hathaway, Colleen Dell, Donald MacPherson, Caitlin Sinclair, Kamagaju Karekezi, Benjamin Tan, Elaine Hyshka
BACKGROUND: Access to harm reduction interventions among substance users across Canada is highly variable, and largely within the policy jurisdiction of the provinces and territories. This study systematically described variation in policy frameworks guiding harm reduction services among Canadian provinces and territories as part of the first national multimethod case study of harm reduction policy. METHODS: Systematic and purposive searches identified publicly-accessible policy texts guiding planning and organization of one or more of seven targeted harm reduction services: needle distribution, naloxone, supervised injection/consumption, low-threshold opioid substitution (or maintenance) treatment, buprenorphine/naloxone (suboxone), drug checking, and safer inhalation kits...
April 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438270/innovation-within-a-national-health-care-system
#19
Antony Young
Tony is a practicing frontline National Health Service surgeon and director of medical innovation at Anglia Ruskin University and has founded 4 medical-technology start-ups. He has also cofounded the £500 million Anglia Ruskin MedTech Campus, which will become one of the world's largest health innovation spaces. In 2014, he was appointed as national clinical director for innovation at National Health Service England and in February 2016 became the first national clinical lead for innovation. In this role, he provides clinical leadership and support in delivering improved health outcomes in England, drives the uptake of proven innovations across the National Health Service, promotes economic growth through innovation, and helps make the National Health Service the go-to place on the planet for medical innovation...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433965/national-health-policy-2017-a-cautious-welcome
#20
T Sundararaman
On March 15, 2017 the union cabinet approved the new National Health Policy. The next day a 28-page policy text and an accompanying 13-page situational analysis were placed in Parliament and in the public domain. To have, at all times, a health policy in place that shows a road map on how a nation would show "progressive realization" of health as a basic human right is an obligation under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. This is an international treaty adopted in 1976, to which India became a signatory in 1979, and this was one of the catalysts for the adoption of the first National Health Policy in 1 983...
April 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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