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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105612/-imperative-trend-towards-the-establishment-of-training-qualification-and-certification-system-for-colorectal-and-anal-surgeons
#1
Jianping Wang
Compared to Europe and America, the specialization of colorectal and anal surgery in China started a bit late, and so far there has been no standardized residency program and expert-access system. This review introduces different training systems of colorectal and anal surgery residency in the United States, Europe, and Japan, aiming to provide references for the establishment of residency program in China, which is imperative. Firstly, national uniform identification standards for standardization training bases of colorectal and anal surgeons are required...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104003/-the-first-national-general-investigation-and-treatment-of-uterine-prolapse-1959-1966
#2
J Li
The first national general investigationon uterine prolapse is an important measure of strengthening the protection of working women. Under the guidance of the Ministry of Health, local governments are extensively carried out all rescuing works, including the adjustment of labor time by organizing traditional and western medicine practitioners to carry on the comprehensive survey and concentrated treatment, with certain effects. Across the full application of traditional Chinese medical therapies with its recipes and medicines, traditional Chinese medical practitioners were actively involved in rescuing...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103214/association-between-the-real-cost-media-campaign-and-smoking-initiation-among-youths-united-states-2014-2016
#3
Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, James Nonnemaker, Anna J MacMonegle, Tesfa N Alexander, Xiaoquan Zhao, Janine C Delahanty, Pamela Rao, Jane A Allen
In the United States, approximately 900,000 youths smoke their first cigarette each year (1). Health communication interventions are evidence-based strategies for preventing the initiation of tobacco use, promoting and facilitating cessation, and changing beliefs and attitudes about tobacco use (2,3). This report describes the association between the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) first national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and rates of smoking initiation among youths in the United States from 2014 to 2016...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101954/task-sharing-with-nurses-to-enhance-access-to-hiv-treatment-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#4
Margaret L McNairy, Jules B Bashi, Hannah Chung, Louise Wemin, Marie-Nicole Akpro Lorng, Hermann Brou, Cyprien Nioble, A Lokossué, Kouame Abo, Delphine Achi, Kiyali Ouattara, Daniel Sess, Pongathie Adama Sanogo, Alexandre Ekra, Virginie Ettiegne-Traore, Conombo J Diabate, Elaine J Abrams, Wafaa M El-Sadr
OBJECTIVE: We report the first national program in Côte d'Ivoire to evaluate the feasibility of nurse-led HIV care as a model of task-sharing with nurses to increase coverage and decentralization of HIV services. METHODS: Twenty-six public HIV facilities implemented either a nurse-with-onsite-physician or a nurse-with-visiting-physician model of HIV task-sharing. Routinely collected patient data were reviewed to analyze patient characteristics of those enrolling in care and initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096826/pol-tavi-polish-registry-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-simple-tool-great-value-rationale-and-design
#5
Joanna Zembala-John, Krzysztof Wilczek, Zdzisław Tobota, Piotr Chodór, Daniel Cieśla, Tomasz Jaźwiec, Waldemar Banasiak, Janina Stępińska, Zbigniew Kalarus, Grzegorz Opolski, Marian Zembala
Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in adults in Europe and North America. Management of AS patients depends on accurate diagnosis of the cause and stage of the disease process: the first and definitive therapeutic choice for a growing number of elderly patients with symptomatic AS is surgical treatment. In patients not eligible for surgery, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) constitutes a safe and effective alternative. As an innovative, costly method of treatment, it requires however careful monitoring of its course, documenting its early and long-term results, and assessment of its safety and medical-economic cost-effectiveness...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095873/physical-integrity-and-residual-bio-efficacy-of-used-llins-in-three-cities-of-the-south-west-region-of-cameroon-4%C3%A2-years-after-the-first-national-mass-distribution-campaign
#6
Stravensky T Boussougou-Sambe, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Geraud C T Tasse, Josiane Etang, Jerome A Binyang, Lynda D Nouage, Gaston Wamba, Peter Enyong, Eric B Fokam
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are effective tools at reducing malaria transmission. In Cameroon, following the first national mass distribution campaign in 2011, there has been no follow up on the efficacy of LLINs distributed. The aim of this report is to assess the physical integrity and insecticidal potency of LLINs distributed in three cities with contrasting socio economic status (SES) and to evaluate the use and care for bed nets owned by individuals. METHODS: The study was conducted in Limbe, Tiko and Buea three localities in the Fako division of the South West Region of Cameroon...
January 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092966/avian-influenza-prevalence-among-hunter-harvested-birds-in-a-remote-canadian-first-nation-community
#7
Eric N Liberda, Richard Meldrum, Nadia A Charania, Robert Davey, Leonard Js Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Avian influenza virus (AIV) prevalence has been associated with wild game and other bird species. The contamination of these birds may pose a greater risk to those who regularly hunt and consumed infected species. Due to resident concerns communicated by local Band Council, hunter-harvested birds from a remote First Nation community in subArctic Ontario, Canada were assessed for AIV. Hunters, and especially those who live a subsistence lifestyle, are at higher risk of AIV exposure due to their increased contact with wild birds, which represent an important part of their diet...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068917/emergency-department-presentations-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter-in-alberta-a-large-population-based-study
#8
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Michelle M Graham, Brian R Holroyd, Brian H Rowe
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) are not infrequent presenting problems in Emergency Departments (ED); however, little is known of the pattern of these presentations. This study provides a description of AFF presentations and outcomes after ED discharge in Alberta. METHODS: Provincial administrative databases were used to obtain all primary ED encounters for AFF during 1999 to 2011 for patients aged >35 years. Data extracted included demographics, ED visit timing, and subsequent visits to non-ED settings...
January 10, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056450/current-status-and-associated-human-health-risk-of-vanadium-in-soil-in-china
#9
Jie Yang, Yanguo Teng, Jin Wu, Haiyang Chen, Guoqiang Wang, Liuting Song, Weifeng Yue, Rui Zuo, Yuanzheng Zhai
A detailed assessment of vanadium contamination characteristics in China was conducted based on the first national soil pollution survey. The map overlay analysis was used to evaluate the contamination level of vanadium and the non-carcinogenic risk assessment model was calculated to quantify the vanadium exposure risks to human health. The results showed that, due to the drastically increased mining and smelting activities, 26.49% of soils were contaminated by vanadium scattered in southwest of China. According to Canadian soil quality guidelines, about 8...
December 13, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035497/diagnosed-hiv-infection-in-transgender-adults-and-adolescents-results-from-the-national-hiv-surveillance-system-2009-2014
#10
Hollie Clark, Aruna Surendera Babu, Ellen Weiss Wiewel, Jenevieve Opoku, Nicole Crepaz
Publications on diagnosed HIV infection among transgender people have been limited to state- or local-level data. We analyzed data from the National HIV Surveillance System and present results from the first national-level analysis of transgender people with diagnosed HIV infection. From 2009 to 2014, HIV surveillance jurisdictions from 45 states plus the District of Columbia identified and reported at least one case of newly diagnosed HIV infection for transgender people; jurisdictions from 5 states reported no cases for transgender people...
December 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033239/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-antibodies-in-portuguese-children
#11
Ricardo Oliveira, João Rodrigo Mesquita, Sara Pereira, Joana Abreu-Silva, Joana Teixeira, Maria São José Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has become a growing Public Health concern in industrialized countries. Most of the HEV seroprevalence studies have focused on adult populations and reports regarding HEV seroepidemiology among children are scarce in these countries. The aims of the present work were to perform a nationwide seroprevalence study on HEV infection in Portuguese children and to compare the HEV seropositivity in this 2015 children cohort with results in sera performed 20 years earlier...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018134/prospective-childhood-risk-factors-for-gang-involvement-among-north-american-indigenous-adolescents
#12
Dane S Hautala, Kelley J Sittner Hartshorn, Les B Whitbeck
The purpose of the study was to examine prospective childhood risk factors for gang involvement across the course of adolescence among a large eight-year longitudinal sample of 646 Indigenous (i.e., American Indian and Canadian First Nations) youth residing on reservation/reserve land in the Midwest of the United States and Canada. Risk factors at the first wave of the study (ages 10-12) were used to predict gang involvement (i.e., gang membership and initiation) in subsequent waves (ages 11-18). A total of 6...
2016: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993070/urinary-concentrations-of-the-antibacterial-agent-triclocarban-in-united-states-residents-2013-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Xiaoyun Ye, Lee-Yang Wong, Prabha Dwivedi, Xiaoliu Zhou, Tao Jia, Antonia M Calafat
Triclocarban is widely used as an antibacterial agent in personal care products, and the potential for human exposure exists. We present here the first nationally representative assessment of exposure to triclocarban among Americans ≥6 years of age who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We detected triclocarban at concentrations above 0.1 μg/L in 36.9% of 2686 urine samples examined. Triclocarban was detected more frequently in adolescents and adults than in children, and in non-Hispanic black compared to other ethnic groups...
December 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990836/practical-aspects-of-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#14
Antonio Ruiz de León San Juan, Constanza Ciriza de Los Ríos, Julio Pérez de la Serna Bueno, Fernando Canga Rodríguez-Valcárcel, Fermín Estremera Arévalo, Raquel García Sánchez, José Walter Huamán Ríos, María Teresa Pérez Fernández, Cecilio Santander Vaquero, Jordi Serra Pueyo, Concepción Sevilla Mantilla, Elisabeth Barba Orozco, María José Bosque López, Sergio Casabona Francés, Silvia Carrión Bolorino, Pilar Castillo Grau, Silvia Delgado Aros, Ana Belén Domínguez Carbajo, Pilar Fernández Orcajo, Javier García-Lledó, Froilán Gigantó Tomé, Rosa Iglesias Picazo, Gloria Lacima Vidal, Pilar López López, Magdalena Llabrés Rosselló, Pilar Mas Mercader, Marianela Mego Silva, María Usua Mendarte Barrenetxea, Carlos Miliani Molina, Milagros Oreja Arrayago, Francisco Sánchez Ceballos, Sandra Sánchez Prudencio
High resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) is currently under development as can be seen in the various Chicago classifications. In order to standardize criteria in certain practical aspects with limited scientific evidence, the First National Meeting for Consensus in High Resolution Manometry of the Spanish Digestive Motility Group took place, bringing together a wide group of experts. The proposals were based on a prior survey composed of 47 questions, an exhaustive review of the available literature and the experience of the participants...
December 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989927/major-depressive-disorder-among-preadolescent-canadian-children-rare-disorder-or-rarely-detected
#15
Daphne J Korczak, Marianna Ofner, John LeBlanc, Sam Wong, Mark Feldman, Patricia C Parkin
OBJECTIVE: Despite agreement that preadult onset of depression is associated with greater illness severity, and that children can meet the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD), few studies have examined the presentation of MDD among young children. This is the first nationwide study of MDD among preadolescent children in Canada. METHODS: Pediatrician members (2500) of a Canadian pediatric surveillance network were surveyed monthly over 3 years to report new cases of MDD among 5- to 12-year-olds...
December 21, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973706/the-direct-observation-of-nurse-practitioner-care-study-an-overview-of-the-np-patient-visit
#16
Sharon M Weyer, Michelle L Cook, Lydia Riley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is a preponderance of studies that demonstrate the quality of nurse practitioner (NP) practice, little is known on the practice style of NPs. The Direct Observation of Nurse Practitioner Care study provided the first national direct observation and characterization of patient care delivered by primary care NPs. METHODS: The setting for this study was ambulatory care practices of NPs located throughout the United States. A nested sample was utilized, consisting of 22 NPs during visits with 245 patients...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966541/prevalence-birth-incidence-and-penetrance-of-von-hippel-lindau-disease-vhl-in-denmark
#17
Marie Louise Mølgaard Binderup, Michael Galanakis, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Michael Kosteljanetz, Marie Luise Bisgaard
Von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) is a rare hereditary tumour predisposition with multiorgan involvement that is not always easily recognized. The disease is reported to be almost fully penetrant at age 60 years. Previous estimates of vHL prevalence and incidence are all regional and vary widely. Most are >20 years old and prone to selection bias because of inclusion of only clinically affected vHL patients who were diagnosed before genetic testing was available. In an unselected cohort of all known Danish carriers of a disease-causing VHL variant, we assessed vHL penetrance on a national basis...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965294/cancer-survival-disparities-between-first-nation-and-non-aboriginal-adults-in-canada-follow-up-of-the-1991-census-mortality-cohort
#18
Diana R Withrow, Jason D Pole, E Diane Nishri, Michael Tjepkema, Loraine D Marrett
BACKGROUND: The burden of cancer among indigenous people in Canada has been understudied due to a lack of ethnic identifiers in cancer registries. We compared cancer survival among First Nations to that among non-Aboriginal adults in Canada in the first national study of its kind to date. METHODS: A population-based cohort of approximately 2 million respondents to the 1991 Canadian Long Form Census was followed for cancer diagnoses and deaths using probabilistic linkage to cancer and death registries until 2009...
December 13, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941037/china-the-tipping-point-in-tobacco-control
#19
REVIEW
Judith Mackay
BACKGROUND: Tobacco control in China, the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco, began in the 1980s with the first national prevalence survey and a conference on tobacco held in Tianjin. Since then, there have been dozens of research papers, partial restrictions on smoking and tobacco advertising, public education campaigns, and the ratification of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, but progress has been slow. The state-owned tobacco industry remains a major obstacle to tobacco control...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938644/creating-exclusive-breastfeeding-knowledge-translation-tools-with-first-nations-mothers-in-northwest-territories-canada
#20
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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