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Continous medical education

Muhammad Shahid Shamim, Lubna Baig, Adrienne Torda, Chinthaka Balasooriya
The world is geographically divided into hemispheres, continents and countries, with varying cultures in different regions. Asia, the largest of continents, has a variety of philosophically distinctive cultures and lifestyles, informing the norms of societies that are much different from cultures in other continents. These complexities in the societal norms in Asian cultures have created unique issues in development of ethics education in the region. This paper looks in to the distinctions in what is generally referred to as the "non-western" Asian culture, the importance of cultural context and how it influences the ethics curriculum in the region...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
G Sheridan, E Wisken, C B Hing, T O Smith
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice is a foundation to clinical excellence. However there remains little evidence on the characteristics of authors who contribute to the evidence-base and whether these have changed over time. The purpose of this study was to explore these characteristics by undertaking a bibliometric analysis to explore publication and authorship characteristics in a leading sub-speciality orthopaedic journal (The Knee) over a 20-year period. METHODS: All articles published in The Knee in 1996, 2006 and 2016 were identified...
March 5, 2018: Knee
Kara Mangold, Brenda Tyler, Lyda Velez, Constance Clark
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators must guide competency assessment in a way that influences safe patient care. The goal of this innovative competency assessment was for RNs to demonstrate performance of sound practice related to anticoagulation medication, pressure injuries, and pain management using a peer-review format. METHOD: The process was initiated through the unit-based team. The clinical RN was required to bring forth the information that he or she had met the competency requirements...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Joan Such Lockhart, Melinda G Oberleitner, Toni L Felice, Anna Vioral
BACKGROUND: Growing increases in current and projected cancer survivors demands a workforce that can safely meet their health care needs spanning a lifetime. The literature lacks sufficient evidence regarding the knowledge needed by non-oncology nurses who care for cancer survivors in settings not designated for cancer care. This study identified this oncology knowledge and perceived barriers. METHOD: The Cancer Nursing Curriculum Survey was completed by a national pool of 302 oncology and 313 medical-surgical nurses who rated the depth and importance of 33 cancer concepts needed by non-oncology nurses for cancer survivor care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Craig McIlhenny, Yo Kurashima, Carlos Chan, Satoshi Hirano, Ismael Domínguez-Rosado, Dimitrios Stefanidis
Surgical education has seen tremendous changes in the US over the past decade. The Halstedian training model of see one, do one, teach one that governed surgical training for almost 100 years has been replaced by the achievement of the ACGME competencies, milestones, entrustable professional activities (EPAs), and acquisition of surgical skill outside the operating room on simulators. Several of these changes in American medical education have been influenced by educators and training paradigms abroad. In this paper, we review the training paradigms for surgeons in the UK, Japan, and Mexico to allow comparisons with the US training paradigm and promote the exchange of ideas...
February 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Kathleen A Russell-Babin
BACKGROUND: A paucity of literature exists on use of the affective domain to improve adherence to pressure injury prevention. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of emphasizing the cognitive domain versus education based on combination of the affective and cognitive domains focusing on medical-surgical nurses' behavioral intent to use evidence-based practices to prevent pressure injury. METHOD: A cluster randomized, controlled design was used to compare differences between groups...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
John S Wiener, Kristina D Suson, Jonathan Castillo, Jonathan C Routh, Stacy Tanaka, Tiebin Liu, Elisabeth Ward, Judy Thibadeau, David Joseph, National Spina Bifida Patient Registry
INTRODUCTION: Advances in care have allowed most children with spina bifida (SB) to live to adulthood. The majority have neuropathic bowel dysfunction (NBD), resulting in constipation, incontinence, and diminished quality of life. We sought to 1) describe contemporary NBD management and continence outcomes of adults with SB; 2) describe differences from younger patients; and 3) assess for association with socio-economic factors. METHODS: We analyzed data on NBD management and continence from the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Mitchell G Goldenberg, Teodor P Grantcharov
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel, outcome-based method of standard setting that differentiates between clinical outcomes rather than arbitrary educational goals. BACKGROUND: Standard setting methods used in assessments of procedural skill are currently not evidence-driven or outcome-based. This represents a potential obstacle for the broad implementation of these evaluations in summative assessments such as certification and credentialing. METHODS: The concept is based on deriving a receiver operating characteristic curve from a regression model that incorporates measures of intraoperative surgeon performance and confounding patient characteristics...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
N Bleijenberg, N P A Zuithoff, A K Smith, N J de Wit, M J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of disability in 15 individual ADL, IADL, and mobility in older adults by age; and to assess the association of multimorbidity, gender, and education with disability. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study. The sample included 805 community-dwelling older people aged 60+ living in the Netherlands. MEASUREMENTS: Disability was assessed using the Katz-15 Index of Independence in Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and one mobility item...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Deborah A Saber, Kelley Strout, Lisa Swanson Caruso, Charlene Ingwell-Spolan, Aiden Koplovsky
Many natural and man-made disasters require the assistance from teams of health care professionals. Knowing that continuing education about disaster simulation training is essential to nursing students, nurses, and emergency first responders (e.g., emergency medical technicians, firefighters, police officers), a university in the northeastern United States planned and implemented an interprofessional mass casualty incident (MCI) disaster simulation using the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) management framework...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Fred S Sarfo, Sheila Adamu, Dominic Awuah, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: The rapid advancement in telecommunications on the African continent has opened up avenues for improving medical care to underserved populations. Although the greatest burden of neurological disorders is borne by Low-and-Middle Income Countries (LMICs) including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is a profound paucity of neurologists to serve the population. Telemedicine presents a promising avenue for effective mobilization and utilization of the few neurologists in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published literature on the use of telemedicine for improved care and outcomes for patients with neurological disorders in SSA...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Andrew Parke
Surgeon Major Thomas Heazle Parke (1857-1893) was a doctor from Drumsna, County Roscommon, who after completing his education at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland joined the British army as a medical officer. After several years of serving in Ireland and Egypt, he volunteered to be medical officer of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition of 1887-1889. This was to become Henry Morton Stanley's largest, longest and most controversial African expedition. The epic journey saw Stanley, his eight European officers and 800 African porters take almost 3 years to cross the African continent from West to East via the Congo River, Southern Sudan and Uganda...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Abdul Jabbar, Mohamed Hassanein, Salem A Beshyah, Kristina S Boye, Maria Yu, Steven M Babineaux
AIMS: To describe diabetes treatment and hypoglycaemia in individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus during Ramadan. METHODS: A multi-country, retrospective, observational study with data captured before, during, and after Ramadan. We report on a cohort of people (N=3250) with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in four culturally distinct regions: Asia, North Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. RESULTS: During Ramadan, the proportion of participants on oral anti-diabetic medication alone ranged from 68...
July 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Sara L Hubbell, Elaine Kauschinger, Marilyn Oermann
Increasing focus is being placed on providing spiritual care for patients as a component of holistic nursing care. Studies indicate that patients whose spiritual needs are met report higher quality of and satisfaction with their care. However, nurses are not including spiritual assessment and care into their practice. One barrier cited by nurses is that they lack educational preparation. A 2-hour, face-to-face educational module about the provision of spiritual care was implemented for inpatient nursing staff at a large academic medical center...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Sarah Catherine Walpole, Aditya Vyas, Janie Maxwell, Ben J Canny, Robert Woollard, Caroline Wellbery, Kathleen E Leedham-Green, Peter Musaeus, Uzma Tufail-Hanif, Karina Pavão Patrício, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Global environmental change is associated with significant health threats. The medical profession can address this challenge through advocacy, health system adaptation and workforce preparedness. Stewardship of health systems with attention to their environmental impacts can contribute to mitigation of and adaptation to negative health impacts of environmental change. Medical schools have an integral role in training doctors who understand the interdependence of ecosystems and human health...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
Kimberly R Myers, N Benjamin Fredrick
PROBLEM: Increasing student interest in global health has resulted in medical schools offering more global health opportunities. However, concerns have been raised, particularly about one-time, short-term experiences, including lack of follow-through for students and perpetuation of unintentional messages of global health heroism, neocolonialism, and disregard for existing systems and communities of care. Medical schools must develop global health programs that address these issues. APPROACH: The Global Health Scholars Program (GHSP) was created in 2008-2009 at Penn State College of Medicine...
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Perry G Rigby, Ramnarayan P Gururaja
OBJECTIVE: There is a worldwide shortage of doctors, which is true in most countries and on most continents. To enumerate the number of medical schools in the world at two different times, showing the trends and relating this to population is a beginning. The number is actually going up and has done so for some time; this has increased the supply of physicians and broadened healthcare delivery. DESIGN: The number to count for geographic and regional information about the medical schools relates directly to the supply of doctors...
June 2017: JRSM Open
Kohei Ando, Makoto Nabetani, Nobuyuki Yotani, Tatsushi Rin, Hiroyuki Sano
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric hospice has been the adoption of several service provision models in highly developed countries such as UK, Germany, Australia or Canada for a few decades, yet it has seldom been the case in the Asian Continent. This study aimed to evaluate the newest challenge for the children with Life-threatening illness (LTI) and described the characteristic of pediatric palliative care at the first pediatric hospice in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients at our pediatric hospice in these three years was conducted...
May 31, 2017: Brain & Development
Bieke Samijn, Christine Van den Broeck, Ellen Deschepper, Catherine Renson, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Plasschaert, Johan Vande Walle, Erik Van Laecke
PURPOSE: We identify risk factors for daytime or combined urinary incontinence in children with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted including children with cerebral palsy with or without daytime or combined urinary incontinence from the CP-Reference Center at Ghent University Hospital and 2 associated special education schools. Factors were subdivided in 3 clusters of demographic and general medical data, cerebral palsy classification, and bladder and bowel dysfunction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
Javier Jerez-Roig, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, José Rodolfo Torres de Araújo, Kenio Costa Lima
AIM: To verify the probability of maintaining functional capacity in basic activities of daily living and identify the prognostic factors of functional decline in institutionalized older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study is presented herein, with 5 waves every 6 months, throughout 2 years (2013-2015), conducted with individuals ≥60 years old in 10 nursing homes in the city of Natal-RN (Brazil). Functional capacity was assessed by the items 'eating', 'personal hygiene', 'dressing', 'bathing', 'transferring', 'toileting' and 'walking', through a 5-item Likert scale...
2017: PloS One
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