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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656416/women-infected-with-hiv-and-the-impact-of-associated-sexually-transmitted-infections
#1
REVIEW
Somaia Reda, Fernanda Aguiar Gonçalves, Melissa Mello Mazepa, Newton Sérgio de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To review the relationship between concomitant sexually transmitted infections in women infected with HIV. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched for articles published in English and Portuguese between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2015, using relevant keywords, including AIDS, HIV, female genital diseases, and sexually transmitted infections. Articles that associated sexually transmitted infections with HIV-infected women were selected for inclusion...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655904/3d-printed-controlled-release-tritherapeutic-tablet-matrix-for-advanced-anti-hiv-1-drug-delivery
#2
Margaret Siyawamwaya, Lisa C du Toit, Pradeep Kumar, Yahya E Choonara, Pierre P P D Kondiah, Viness Pillay
PURPOSE: A 3D-Bioplotter® was employed to 3D print (3DP) a humic acid-polyquaternium 10 (HA-PQ10) controlled release fixed dose combination (FDC) tablet comprising of the anti-HIV-1 drugs, efavirenz (EFV), tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC). METHODS: Chemical interactions, surface morphology and mechanical strength of the FDC were ascertained. In vitro drug release studies were conducted in biorelevant media followed by in vivo study in the large white pigs, in comparison with a market formulation, Atripla® ...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652613/knowledge-and-concern-about-stis-hiv-and-sociodemographic-variables-associated-with-getting-tested-for-hiv-among-the-general-population-in-spain
#3
Inmaculada Teva, Ludgleydson Fernandes de Araújo, María de la Paz Bermúdez
HIV testing is important in terms of prevention and treatment. However, HIV testing rates in the Spanish general population remains low. Therefore, HIV testing promotion constitutes a key issue. A high level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS is associated with having been tested for HIV. The general aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of people who had ever been tested for HIV in Spain. The sample consisted of 1,106 participants from the general population - 60.0% females and 40.0% males - aged between 17 and 55 years old...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651922/prior-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-associated-with-less-hiv-testing-among-young-women
#4
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Annet Davis-Vogel, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the United States. They are also at risk for the SAVA (substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS) syndemic issues. Women who have recently given birth are at high risk for substance use and intimate partner violence (IPV), and HIV testing is not routinely administered during the postpartum visit. We explored the relationship between substance use, IPV, and HIV testing among low-income young adult women attending Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), a federally supported nutrition program...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650451/hiv-incidence-in-western-kenya-during-scale-up-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-population-based-cohort-analysis
#5
Martien W Borgdorff, Daniel Kwaro, David Obor, George Otieno, Viviane Kamire, Frederick Odongo, Patrick Owuor, Jacques Muthusi, Lisa A Mills, Rachael Joseph, Mary E Schmitz, Peter W Young, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Kevin M De Cock
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people with HIV infection has increased from 7% in 2006, to 57% in 2016; and, in western Kenya, coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) increased from 45% in 2008, to 72% in 2014. We investigated trends in HIV prevalence and incidence in a high burden area in western Kenya in 2011-16. METHODS: In 2011, 2012, and 2016, population-based surveys were done via a health and demographic surveillance system and home-based counselling and testing in Gem, Siaya County, Kenya, including 28 688, 17 021, and 16 772 individuals aged 15-64 years...
April 9, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650217/effect-of-logo-therapy-acceptance-commitment-therapy-family-psychoeducation-on-self-stigma-and-depression-on-housewives-living-with-hiv-aids
#6
Titi Sri Suyanti, Budi Anna Keliat, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma in people living with HIV/AIDS is a survival mechanism to protect themselves from external stigma. Stigma and discrimination in people living with HIV/AIDS can lead to inequality in social life. This inequality can cause inferiority complex, preoccupation, and denial of diagnosis, which correlates with the onset of depression. This study aims to determine the effect of logotherapy, commitment acceptance therapy, and family psychoeducation on self-stigma and depression on housewives living with HIV/AIDS...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649107/impaired-hematologic-status-in-relation-to-clinical-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-adults-from-uganda-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Amara E Ezeamama, David Guwatudde, Alla Sikorskii, Edmond K Kabagambe, Raybun Spelts, Grace Vahey, Jenifer I Fenton, Wafaie W Fawzi
Impaired hematologic status (IHS) was investigated as a determinant of immune function defined as cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T-helper cell count, quality of life (QOL) weight and hospitalization/mortality over 18-months among 398 adult persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) on anti-retroviral therapy. IHS was defined as having anemia at baseline (Hemoglobin: <12 g/dL for women and <13 g/dL for men), time-updated anemia or having low (<30 μg/L) or high (>200 μg/L for men and >150 μg/L for women) ferritin levels at baseline...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648942/a-phenomenology-of-informal-caregiving-for-hiv-aids-in-india-exploring-women-s-search-for-authoritative-knowledge-self-efficacy-and-resilience
#8
Shrivridhi Shukla, Judith L M McCoyd
Women provide informal caregiving across the world and are often expected to provide care even when ailing themselves. We explore the lived experience of 33 impoverished married Indian women living with HIV, caring for their husbands and/or children living with HIV. Drawing on concepts of authoritative knowledge (AK), self-efficacy and resilience, we found a trajectory that reveals barriers to accessing care, yet we also found that women developed strengths and resiliency. Women gather information, develop 'environ-info,' and deliberatively weigh AK from health workers, family/friends' advice, and their own experiences...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645080/risk-of-oral-tongue-cancer-among-immunocompromised-transplant-recipients-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals-in-the-united-states
#9
Joseph E Tota, Eric A Engels, Margaret M Madeleine, Christina A Clarke, Charles F Lynch, Ana P Ortiz, Brenda Y Hernandez, Anil K Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Oral tongue cancer incidence has increased among whites in the United States; however, the cause remains unknown. If an infectious agent is implicated, then elevated risk would be expected among immunosuppressed individuals. METHODS: By using population-based registry linkage information from the US Transplant Cancer Match and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Cancer Match studies, the authors examined the risk of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) among immunocompromised transplantation recipients and HIV-infected individuals...
April 12, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630030/hiv-serostatus-and-having-access-to-a-physician-for-regular-hepatitis-c-virus-care-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#10
Tara Beaulieu, Kanna Hayashi, Michael J Milloy, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr, Lianping Ti
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWIDs) and who are living with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are vulnerable to a range of health-related harms, including liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death. There is limited evidence describing how HIV serostatus shapes access to a physician for regular HCV care among PWID. SETTING: Data were collected through the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS), the AIDS Care Cohort to evaluate Exposure to Survival Services (ACCESS), and the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), 3 prospective cohorts involving people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada, between 2005 and 2015...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630021/changing-patterns-and-factors-associated-with-mode-of-delivery-among-pregnant-women-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-the-united-states
#11
Kartik K Venkatesh, Leavitt Morrison, Elizabeth G Livingston, Alice Stek, Jennifer S Read, David E Shapiro, Ruth E Tuomala
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns and factors associated with mode of delivery among pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States in relation to evolving HIV-in-pregnancy guidelines. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of two observational studies, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group and International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Network Protocol P1025, which enrolled pregnant women with HIV infection from 1998 to 2013 at more than 60 U...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629679/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-conducting-hiv-vaccine-trials-in-adolescents-in-south-africa-going-beyond-willingness-to-participate-towards-implementation
#12
M Wallace, K Middelkoop, P Smith, C Pike, T Bennie, J Chandia, G Churchyard, G Gray, M H Latka, M Mathebula, M Nchabeleng, S Roux, C Slack, A Strode, L-G Bekker
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS remains a leading cause of death in adolescents (aged 15 - 25 years), and in sub-Saharan Africa HIV-related deaths continue to rise in this age group despite a decline in both adult and paediatric populations. This is attributable in part to high adolescent infection rates and supports the urgent need for more efficacious prevention strategies. In particular, an even partially effective HIV vaccine, given prior to sexual debut, is predicted to significantly curb adolescent infection rates...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629663/the-effect-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-use-among-hiv-positive-children-on-the-hazard-of-aids-using-calendar-year-as-an-instrumental-variable
#13
Andrew Anglemyer, Amy Sturt, Yvonne Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Instrumental variable (IV) analyses are a common causal inference technique used in the absence of randomized data. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) was first introduced in 1996 and calendar periods have been used as a proxy for cART use. However, cART use misclassification can bias IV analyses. OBJECTIVE: We aim to highlight the differences in effects of antiretroviral therapy on clinical outcomes between applications of traditional and adapted IV analysis techniques...
April 9, 2018: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628512/hot-news-sexually-transmitted-infections-on-the-rise-in-prep-users
#14
Pablo Barreiro
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with oral Truvada (tenofovir plus emtricitabine) is effective at preventing HIV infection in high-risk homosexual men. In the United States, PrEP was approved in 2012 and is reimbursed by Medicaid and the majority of private insurers. The situation is diverse and not uniform in the European Union, being PrEP more widely used in France than in the rest of countries. Concerns have been raised that PrEP use may be accompanied by the phenomena of risk compensation or behavioral disinhibition, whereby PrEP users' perception of decreased risk of HIV acquisition may lead them to engage in overall riskier sexual practices and increase their chances of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (Blumenthal, et al...
January 2018: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627923/religious-fundamentalism-satisfaction-with-life-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-intensity-in-a-polish-sample-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#15
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
We investigated the relationship between religious fundamentalism, satisfaction with life and the intensity of posttraumatic stress symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS. The study was conducted on 283 adults, including 242 HIV-positive patients and 41 individuals with AIDS, aged from 20 to 74. Religious fundamentalism was positively correlated with age and posttraumatic stress symptoms intensity. Negative correlation between satisfaction with life and posttraumatic stress intensity was also found. Religious fundamentalism and satisfaction with life accounted for 34% of the variance in posttraumatic stress symptoms intensity...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627523/mircorna-3162-3p-is-a-potential-biomarker-to-identify-new-infections-in-hiv-1-infected-patients
#16
Jiegang Huang, Jingzhen Lai, Bingyu Liang, Junjun Jiang, Chuanyi Ning, Yanyan Liao, Ning Zang, Minlian Wang, Fengxiang Qin, Jun Yu, Wudi Wei, Li Ye, Hao Liang
BACKGROUND: Identification of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) is critical for monitoring AIDS epidemic and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures. However, current methods for distinguishing new infections from newly diagnosed HIV-1 patients are still imperfect. We explored utilizing miRNAs as biomarker to identify HIV new infections. METHODS: According to the HIV-1 status and the estimated duration of infection (EDI), we enrolled participants and divided them into three groups: healthy control, new infection (within 1 year), and old infection (longer than 1 year)...
April 5, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626643/patterns-of-repeated-anal-cytology-results-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Hilary A Robbins, Dorothy J Wiley, Ken Ho, Michael Plankey, Susheel Reddy, Nancy Joste, Teresa M Darragh, Elizabeth C Breen, Stephen Young, Gypsyamber D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk for anal cancer. In cervical cancer screening, patterns of repeated cytology results are used to identify low- and high-risk women, but little is known about these patterns for anal cytology among MSM. METHODS: We analyzed Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) data for MSM who were offered anal cytology testing annually (HIV-positive) or every 2 years (HIV-negative) for 4 years. RESULTS: Following an initial negative (normal) cytology, the frequency of a second negative cytology was lower among HIV-positive MSM with CD4≥500 (74%) or CD4<500 (68%) than HIV-negative MSM (83%) (p<0...
April 4, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626397/an-analysis-of-the-extent-of-social-inclusion-and-equity-consideration-in-malawi-s-national-hiv-and-aids-policy-review-process
#18
Mathews Junior Chinyama, Malcolm MacLachlan, Joanne McVeigh, Tessy Huss, Sylvester Gawamadzi
BACKGROUND: Equity and social inclusion for vulnerable groups in policy development processes and resulting documents remain a challenge globally. Most often, the marginalization of vulnerable groups is overlooked in both the planning and practice of health service delivery. Such marginalization may occur because authorities deem the targeting of those who already have better access to healthcare a cheaper and easier way to achieve short-term health gains. The Government of Malawi wishes to achieve an equitable and inclusive HIV and AIDS Policy...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626042/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-first-line-antiretroviral-treatment-failure-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-children-in-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-retrospective-follow-up-study
#19
Malede Mequanent Sisay, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Melkitu Fentie Melak
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and risk factors of treatment failure among HIV/AIDS-infected children who were on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective follow-up study was conducted from January 2010 to March 2016. A total of 824 children under the age of 15 who had started ART were included in the study. Data were collected from children's medical charts and ART registration logbook using a standard checklist...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625531/the-burden-of-aids-a-time-series-analysis-of-thirty-five-years-of-the-epidemic-in-brazil
#20
Jefferson Traebert, Eliane Traebert, Fabiana Schuelter-Trevisol, Juan Jose Cortez Escalante, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider
Although traditional epidemiological information, such as mortality rate and prevalence or incidence rates, is relevant to the understanding of AIDS epidemiology in Brazil, a more complete indicator would be recommended. The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of AIDS and its trends in Brazil from 1980 to 2015. An ecological study using secondary data on mortality, morbidity and demography was carried out. Data were collected from official health information sources. Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) index was estimated by year...
April 6, 2018: AIDS Care
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