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Adenopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727198/morphology-quiz-mediastinal-adenopathy-cytology-from-endobronchial-ultrasound-transbronchial-aspiration-ebus-tbna
#1
D Frankel, A Robaglia-Schlupp, P Roll, E Kaspi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714265/can-malignant-and-inflammatory-pleural-effusions-in-dogs-be-distinguished-using-computed-tomography
#2
Thom C Watton, Ana Lara-Garcia, Christopher R Lamb
Computed tomography (CT) is the primary imaging modality used to investigate human patients with suspected malignant or inflammatory pleural effusion, but there is a lack of information about the clinical use of this test in dogs. To identify CT signs that could be used to distinguish pleural malignant neoplasia from pleuritis, a retrospective case-control study was done based on dogs that had pleural effusion, pre- and postcontrast thoracic CT images, and cytological or histopathological diagnosis of malignant or inflammatory pleural effusion...
July 16, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709488/endobronchial-ultrasound-experience-in-a-high-tuberculosis-prevalence-setting
#3
Balamugesh Thangakunam, Barney Thomas Jesudason Isaac, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
BACKGROUND: Most of the published endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) data are from the western countries, establishing the role of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. The etiology of mediastinal lymphadenopathy may be different in an ethnic group with a high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVE: To assess the etiology of mediastinal adenopathy in a high TB prevalence setting and to determine the performance of various tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenitis...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702770/oncologic-outcomes-after-treatment-for-mri-occult-breast-cancer-pt0n
#4
Damian P McCartan, Emily C Zabor, Monica Morrow, Kimberly J Van Zee, Mahmoud B El-Tamer
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing outcomes in occult breast cancer have often included women treated before the routine use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study examined outcomes for patients presenting with axillary adenopathy and no primary breast tumor detectable by MRI or other imaging methods. METHODS: All patients with axillary nodal metastases consistent with breast carcinoma and no breast primary tumor detectable by physical exam, mammography, or MRI treated between 1 January 1996 and 30 June 2011 were identified from an institutional database...
July 12, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698211/extra-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-france-a-clinical-and-molecular-study
#5
Arnaud Desclaux, Arabella Touati, Didier Neau, Cécile Laurier-Nadalié, Cécile Bébéar, Bertille de Barbeyrac, Charles Cazanave
OBJECTIVES: To describe a series of extrarectal lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) cases diagnosed in France. METHODS: Consecutive LGV cases confirmed at the French Reference Centre for chlamydiae with an extrarectal sample from January 2010 to December 2015 were included. The first part of the study consisted of a retrospective case note review and analysis. In a second part, the complete ompA gene sequence of our samples was determined. RESULTS: There were 56 cases overall: 50 cases of genital LGV and six cases of pharyngeal LGV...
July 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696856/internal-thoracic-lymphadenopathy-in-breast-cancer
#6
Ashley R Cahoon, Benjamin D Smith, Wei T Yang
The internal thoracic (IT) nodal basin is a first-echelon drainage pathway in the breast, accounting for up to a quarter of its lymphatic drainage, primarily from the deep structures of the breast. The presence of internal thoracic node (ITN) metastases upstages the breast cancer (BC) patient to a minimum of clinical stage III disease. Medial tumors, deep tumors, young age, axillary nodal metastases, tumors of a high nuclear grade, lymphovascular invasion, and triple-negative hormone receptor status are predisposing factors for ITN metastases from primary BC...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695805/clinical-analysis-of-77-patients-with-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#7
Mingqiang Zhang, Jinming Gao
Objective To summarize the clinical features of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA)to facilitate its early diagnosis and treatment. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 77 patients who had been admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1996 to July 2015 with ABPA. Results The average age of these 77 patients(38 men and 39 women)was(41.8±18.3)years. The co-morbidities included bronchial asthma(n=74,96%)and pulmonary cystic fibrosis(n=3,4%). The main symptoms and signs of ABPA were chronic cough(100%),sputum production(97%),wheeze(86%),sputum plugs(25%),blood-stained sputum(18%),hemoptysis(9%),chest pain(9%),fever(47%),weight loss(30%),and night sweat(12%)...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694713/an-algorithmic-approach-for-assessment-of-mediastinal-lesions-using-conventional-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-and-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-a-single-procedure
#8
Andrew Burkett, Harmanjatinder S Sekhon, Craig Burkett, Shaheed W Hakim, Kayvan Amjadi
BACKGROUND: In the era of endobronchial/esophageal ultrasound (EBUS-TBNA/EUS-FNA), many centers forgo conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) in favour of EBUS-TBNA/EUS-FNA despite no conclusive evidence showing better yields with EBUS-TBNA/EUS-FNA. OBJECTIVES: Assess the feasibility of an algorithmic approach for mediastinal sampling beginning with C-TBNA utilizing rapid onsite cytologic evaluation. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of 92 consecutive patients referred for adenopathy that underwent C-TBNA and subsequent EBUS-TBNA/EUS-FNA if C-TBNA was negative or nondiagnostic...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690530/hodgkin-lymphoma-mimicking-osteomyelitis
#9
Aneela Majeed, Onyee Chan, Onyemaechi Okolo, Volodymyr Shponka, Anca Georgescu, Daniel Persky
Hodgkin lymphoma with symptomatic osseous involvement can have a similar presentation to osteomyelitis. Common findings in symptoms, laboratory workup, and imaging can make it very difficult to distinguish between the two diseases. Excisional biopsy should be pursued if fine-needle biopsy is equivocal and suspicion of lymphoma is high. We report a case of a 40-year-old man who presented with a history of marine animal sting on his neck and later developed erythema in the area, chest pain, constitutional symptoms, adenopathy, and imaging classic for sternal osteomyelitis...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690492/interval-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-rectum
#10
Daryl Ramai, Kinesh Changela, Jonathan Lai, Ghulamullah Shahzad, Madhavi Reddy
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the rectum is a rare clinical entity with an incidence rate of 0.1-0.25% per 1,000 cases. Though its etiology and pathogenesis remains unclear, it has been associated with chronic inflammation and infections. Herein, we report a case of an 82-year-old female who presented with a 2-month history of worsening abdominal pain, hematochezia, and bilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy with right-sided purulent discharge. Two years prior, she had had an unremarkable screening colonoscopy which met all quality indicators...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683842/using-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-pre-operative-evaluation-of-tongue-carcinoma
#11
K F Moreno, R S Cornelius, F V Lucas, J Meinzen-Derr, Y J Patil
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the role of 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging in predicting tongue tumour thickness via direct and reconstructed measures, and their correlations with corresponding histological measures, nodal metastasis and extracapsular spread. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted of 25 patients with histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and pre-operative 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging from 2009 to 2012...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656381/predicting-malignant-and-paramalignant-pleural-effusions-by-combining-clinical-radiological-and-pleural-fluid-analytical-parameters
#12
Susana Herrera Lara, Estrella Fernández-Fabrellas, Gustavo Juan Samper, Josefa Marco Buades, Rafael Andreu Lapiedra, Amparo Pinilla Moreno, María Morales Suárez-Varela
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of clinical, radiological and pleural fluid analytical parameters for diagnosing malignant and paramalignant pleural effusion is not clearly stated. Hence this study aimed to identify possible predictor variables of diagnosing malignancy in pleural effusion of unknown aetiology. METHODS: Clinical, radiological and pleural fluid analytical parameters were obtained from consecutive patients who had suffered pleural effusion of unknown aetiology...
June 27, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655404/the-cluster-of-black-pearls-sign-of-sarcoid-lymphadenopathy-a-new-sign-on-thin-section-contrast-enhanced-multidetector-ct
#13
R Venkata Ramanan, A Pudhiavan, A Venkataramanan
AIM: To identify a specific diagnostic sign for sarcoid adenopathy on contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) based on nodal morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 105 patients with 1654 nodes. Of this, 18 patients with sarcoidosis formed the study group. The control group consisted of the remaining 87 patients with other proven disease entities of metastatic adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, tuberculosis, and reactive adenopathy for comparison...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652089/in-vivo-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-during-laparoscopy-for-gynecological-surgery-a-promising-tool
#14
G Chene, L Chauvy, A Buenerd, S Moret, B Nadaud, E Beaufils, K Le Bail-Carval, P Chabert, G Mellier, G Lamblin
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the technical feasibility of optical biopsy (probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy [pCLE]) during laparoscopy and by the vaginal route in the exploration of pelvic gynecological cancers. METHODS: Prospective study including 31 patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy (benign or malignant indication). Confocal microlaparoscopy (analysis of tubes, ovaries, and depending on the type de cancer, pelvic adenopathies) and optical biopsy of the endometrium were first carried out by the vaginal route under general anesthesia...
June 23, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648516/-mycosis-fungoides-in-a-heart-transplant-recipient
#15
Q Bodard, N Litrowski, D Carre, M Midhat, P Chenal, P Bravard
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer occurs frequently in organ transplant patients as a result of induced immunosuppression. Most cases involve carcinomas or B-cell lymphomas induced by the Epstein Barr virus (EBV). Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas remain rare. We report a case of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma of the mycosis fungoides type in a heart transplant recipient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 68-year-old man who had received a heart transplant 21years earlier and was being treated with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone had been presenting a psoriasiform rash on his trunk, limbs and head for 4years...
June 22, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644156/clinical-case-of-the-month-a-57-year-old-man-with-an-axillary-mass
#16
Palak Desai, Andrew Myers, Brian Boulmay, Fred A Lopez
A 57-year-old man presented to the surgical oncology clinic with a mildly tender mass under his right arm. Four years prior, the patient had a melanoma removed from his right shoulder along with an ipsilateral right axillary sentinel lymph sampling. Computed tomography (CT) scan was negative for metastatic disease at that time. The patient did not undergo completion axillary node dissection and was lost to follow-up. The patient was originally from Australia, did not tan but reported multiple sunburns before age 18...
May 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643685/-disseminated-interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma
#17
Ignacio M Santarelli, Mariano Veltri, Diego J Manzella, María Alejandra Avagnina, Pablo M Pereyra, Hernán C Chavín
A 70 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 3-month history of abdominal pain, weight loss and night sweats. On physical examination, she presented with a 5 cm diameter abdominal mass extended from epigastrium to the left flank, and at least three bilateral supraclavicular adenopathies. A disseminated interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma was diagnosed through a biopsy of the abdominal mass. After that, a CHOP regime (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) was iniciated. She died after completion of the first cycle of treatment, six months after diagnosis...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612375/outcome-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-compared-to-children-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-treated-with-response-based-chemotherapy-on-pediatric-protocols-a-children-s-oncology-group-report
#18
Karen S Fernández, Cindy L Schwartz, Lu Chen, Louis S Constine, Allen Chauvenet, Pedro A de Alarcón
PURPOSE: We evaluated the outcome of children (<15 years) versus that of adolescents and young adults (AYA; 15-≤ 21 years) treated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in two Pediatric Oncology Group/Children's Oncology Group clinical trials, P9425 and P9426, that used dose-dense, response-based chemotherapy and reduced dose radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects 21 years or younger with HL were eligible for these studies. Subjects with low-risk (stages IA, IIA, and IIIA1) without large mediastinal adenopathy biopsy-proven HL, eligible for P9426, were treated with two to four 28-day cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, and etoposide (ABVE) chemotherapy and 25...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603650/in-the-era-of-ultrasound-technology-could-conventional-trans-bronchial-needle-aspiration-still-play-a-role-in-lung-cancer-mediastinal-staging
#19
Alfonso Fiorelli, Carlo Santoriello, Davide Di Natale, Roberto Cascone, Valentina Musella, Rossella Mastromarino, Nicola Serra, Giovanni Vicidomini, Mario Polverino, Mario Santini
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of a combined strategy including conventional-trans-bronchial needle aspiration biopsy (C-TBNA) and endobronchial ultrasounds transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for sampling mediastinal adenopathies in patients with lung cancer in order to determinate whether in the era of ultrasound technology C-TBNA could still play a role in mediastinal staging. METHODS: It was a retrospective multicenter study including all consecutive patients with lung cancer and radiological mediastinal adenopathies undergoing TBNA for mediastinal staging (January 2014 - July 2016)...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579851/transformation-of-follicular-lymphoma-to-a-high-grade-b-cell-lymphoma-with-myc-and-bcl2-translocations-and-overlapping-features-of-burkitt-lymphoma-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Alina M Bischin, Russell Dorer, David M Aboulafia
Most commonly, histologic transformation (HT) from follicular lymphoma (FL) manifests as a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS). Less frequently, HT may result in a high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) with MYC and B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (BCL2) and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements, also known as "double-hit" or "triple-hit" lymphomas. In the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms, the category B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable was eliminated due to its vague criteria and limiting diagnostic benefit...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Blood Disorders
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