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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528310/comparative-analysis-of-speciation-and-bioaccessibility-of-arsenic-in-rice-grains-and-complementary-medicines
#1
S Bolan, A Kunhikrishnan, S Chowdhury, B Seshadri, R Naidu, Y S Ok
In many countries, rice grains and complementary medicines are important sources of arsenic (As) consumption. The objective of this study was to compare the speciation and bioaccessibility of As in selected rice grains and complementary medicines. A number of rice grain samples, and a range of herbal and ayurvedic medicines were analyzed for total As, speciation of As using sequential fractionation and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) techniques, and bioaccessibility of As using an in vitro extraction test...
May 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526441/conceptual-analysis-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-ayurveda
#2
REVIEW
Prasanta Kumar Sahoo, Shamsa Fiaz
Inclusion of Prameha among the eight major disorders in Charaka Samhita shows the significance of the disease given by ancient seers. The risk of development of blindness in diabetics increases by 20-25 times as compared to the normal population. High prevalence rate of Diabetic Retinopathy (34.6%), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (7%), diabetic macular edema (6.8%), and Vision threatening Diabetic retinopathy (10.2%) in diabetics was great concerns which led to search and analyze the disease process on the basis of modern pathogenesis and different Timirvyadhi mentioned in Ayurvedic authoritative texts...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508673/ayurvedic-college-education-reifying-biomedicine-and-the-need-for-reflexivity
#3
Maarten Bode, Prasan Shankar
The paper analyses the experiences with government sanctioned Ayurvedic college education of 14 young Ayurvedic doctors working at the Integrative Health Centre in Bangalore, India. Unfamiliarity with Ayurvedic logic and Indian natural philosophies, lack of clinical training and the mixing-up of Ayurvedic and biomedical notions are their main complaints. The 14 young Ayurvedic doctors also missed a convincing perspective on how to integrate Ayurvedic logic, modern scientific knowledge and biomedical diagnostics...
May 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492494/nasal-irrigation-an-imprecisely-defined-medical-procedure
#4
REVIEW
Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Nasal irrigation (NI) is an old practice of upper respiratory tract care that likely originated in the Ayurvedic medical tradition. It is used alone or in association with other therapies in several conditions-including chronic rhinosinusitis and allergic rhinitis-and to treat and prevent upper respiratory tract infections, especially in children. However, despite it being largely prescribed in everyday clinical practice, NI is not included or is only briefly mentioned by experts in the guidelines for treatment of upper respiratory tract diseases...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#5
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480739/translation-and-purification-ayurvedic-psychiatry-allopathic-psychiatry-spirits-and-occult-violence-in-kerala-south-india
#6
Claudia Lang
In this paper, the author traces two parallel movements of institutionalized Ayurvedic psychiatry, an emergent field of specialization in Kerala, India: the 'work of purification' and the 'work of translation' that Latour has described as characteristic of the 'modern constitution.' The author delineates these processes in terms of the relationship of Ayurvedic psychiatry to (1) allopathic psychiatry, (2) bhutavidya, a branch of textual Ayurveda dealing with spirits, and (3) occult violence. The aim is to offer a model of these open and hidden processes and of Ayurvedic psychiatry's positioning within a hierarchical mental health field characterized simultaneously by biopsychiatric hegemony and a persistent vernacular healing tradition...
May 8, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480411/pharmacognostic-standardization-of-the-leaf-of-melaleuca-alternifolia-maiden-betche-cheel
#7
Gagan Shah, Uttam Singh Baghel
BACKGROUND: Melaleuca alternifolia (Myrtaceae) is a well-known, commonly used, tall shrub plant in Ayurvedic medicine. Traditionally, it is used for its antimicrobial potential to treat cutaneous infections. No attempts have been made regarding pharmacognostic investigation of the plant till date. So, the present study was aimed to establish standards with the help of different pharmacognostic parameters. METHODS: Various pharmacognostic parameters (morphological, microscopic, physicochemical evaluations and preliminary phytochemical screening) were studied along with fluorescent and thin layer chromatographic analysis of the extract...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471731/efficacy-and-safety-of-ashwagandha-withania-somnifera-l-dunal-root-extract-in-improving-memory-and-cognitive-functions
#8
Dnyanraj Choudhary, Sauvik Bhattacharyya, Sekhar Bose
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive decline is often associated with the aging process. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal) has long been used in the traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine to enhance memory and improve cognition. AIM: This pilot study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal) in improving memory and cognitive functioning in adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 50 adults...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447035/novel-therapeutic-approaches-rett-syndrome-and-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-technology
#9
REVIEW
Mohan Gomathi, Vellingiri Balachandar
Recent advances in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology target screening and discovering of therapeutic agents for the possible cure of human diseases. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) are the right kind of platform for testing potency of specific active compounds. Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine developed between 2,500 and 500 BC, is a science involving the intelligent formulations of herbs and minerals. It can serve as a "goldmine" for novel neuroprotective agents used for centuries to treat neurological disorders...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446828/preliminary-pharmacognostic-and-phytochemical-investigation-of-blepharis-sindica-t-anders-seeds
#10
Apurva Priyadarshi, Rajesh Kumari, Anil Kumar Sharma, Mohal Lal Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: Blepharis sindica - T. Anders of family Acanthaceae is an important medicinal plant which is mainly used as an invigorating tonic, given to cattle to increase milk production and its roots are used for urinary discharge and dysmenorrhea. It is commonly known as "Bhaṅgārī". It is extensively used traditionally as Vājīkāraka and Vṛṣya (Aphrodisiac) by vaidyas of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The seeds of Blepharis sindica T. Anders are the parts of the plant valued for their medicinal value...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446825/vaidyavallabha-an-authoritative-work-on-ayurveda-therapeutics
#11
REVIEW
Arhanth Kumar Jain, Shreevathsa Manjunath
The text "Vaidyavallabha" is an authoritative work on Ayurvedic therapeutics written by Hastiruci, a Jain scholar. It belongs to the time period of 1673-1726 CE. Different physical and mental ailments with their treatments are addressed in the 274 verses spanned over eight chapters in this work. In this text many unique, special and simple medicinal preparations for different diseases are given. Many drugs which were easily available in the local area are given much more importance in the treatment. Added to this, method and uniqueness of naming the diseases in the text stand differently when compared to other texts...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417095/a-visual-grid-to-digitally-record-an-ayurvedic-prakriti-assessment-a-first-step-toward-integrated-electronic-health-records
#12
Andrew Stranieri, Kerryn Butler-Henderson, Tony Sahama, Pathirage Kamal Perera, Jonas Lima Da Silva, Danwin Pelonio, Sai Suman Manjunath, Dharini Raghavachar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400848/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-tulsi-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Negar Jamshidi, Marc M Cohen
Tulsi, also known as holy basil, is indigenous to the Indian continent and highly revered for its medicinal uses within the Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems. Many in vitro, animal and human studies attest to tulsi having multiple therapeutic actions including adaptogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and immunomodulatory effects, yet to date there are no systematic reviews of human research on tulsi's clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted a comprehensive literature review of human studies that reported on a clinical outcome after ingestion of tulsi...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392961/preparation-and-characterization-of-suvarna-bhasma-parada-marit
#14
Kapil Thakur, Ramacharya Gudi, Mahesh Vahalia, Shekhar Shitut, Shailesh Nadkarni
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to characterize Suvarna Bhasma Parada Marit by using the Ayurvedic test parameters, physico-chemical tests, and various instrumentation techniques. METHODS: Suvarna Bhasma, an Ayurvedic formulation manufactured as per Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakar 5/8357 (BBR), has been studied using various instrumentation techniques: X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), laser particle size distribution (PSD) analysis, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), and physico-chemical parameters, such as the loss on drying (LOD), loss on ignition (LOI), and acid insoluble Ash (AIA) were determined...
March 2017: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384980/anti-bacterial-efficacy-of-terminalia-chebula-terminalia-bellirica-embilica-officinalis-and-triphala-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-a-linear-randomized-cross-over-trial
#15
Smariti Saxena, Nagesh Lakshminarayan, Shanmukha Gudli, Manish Kumar
INTRODUCTION: From the oral health perspective, it is well established that microorganisms have an important role in caries aetiology. From the dawn of civilization, herbal plants have served an array of roles. Triphala a tradtional herbal Ayurvedic formula consists of three native fruits of india including Terminalia Chebula (T. chebula), Terminalia Bellirica (T. bellirica) and Embilica Officinalis (E. officinalis). As per Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Triphala is prepared by combining a 1:1:1 mixture of ground dry fruits called myrobalans...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377653/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-turmeric-powder-as-a-pulpotomy-medicament-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376870/effect-of-new-polyherbal-formulations-df1911-df2112-and-df2813-on-cfa-induced-inflammation-in-rat-model
#17
Bhagyashri Nagarkar, Suresh Jagtap
BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate anti-inflammatory activity of newly developed polyherbal formulations DF1911, DF2112 and DF2813. These newly developed formulations are modifications of Dashamoola, a well known Ayurvedic formulation, along with addition of new plants. METHODS: Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced inflammation in rat was used as an experimental model. Effects of the treatment in rats were monitored by physiological and biochemical parameters, histopathology and through gene expression studies...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbal-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325147/berberine-derivatives-with-different-pharmacological-activities-via-structural-modifications
#19
Daipeng Xiao, Zhenbao Liu, Shanshan Zhang, Mi Zhou, Fen He, Ming Zou, Junying Peng, Xiong Xie, Yanfei Liu, Dongming Peng
Berberine, a quaternary ammonium protoberberine alkaloid with an isoquinoline scaffold isolated from medicinal herbs, exhibits a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities. Berberine has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine. However, it has poor bioavailability, which seriously limits its application and development. The chemical transformation of natural products is an effective method to improve pharmacological activities. Researches have been carried out on the modification of berberine to obtain better pharmacological properties...
March 21, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303062/perception-and-attitude-of-medical-doctors-in-dhaka-bangladesh-with-regard-to-ayurvedic-medicine
#20
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Md Abdul Alim, Zakia Alam, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Yasuko Yoshida, Shahabuddin Manikdrs
The World Health Organization (WHO) Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023) aimed to help member states promote the safe and effective use of traditional medicine. While economic conditions have markedly improved in Bangladesh, the country is experiencing significant public health problems. Because of limited medical resources, there is a strong incentive to enhance complementary and alternative medicine usage in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to confirm the perceptions and attitudes of medical doctors (MDs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with regard to Ayurvedic medicine (AM)...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
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