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Neeraj K Sethiya, Alok Nahata, Pawan Kumar Singh, S H Mishra
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the neuropharmacological effect of four herbs commonly identified as source of Shankhpushpi. BACKGROUND: Shankhpushpi is an Ayurvedic drug, widely used for its actions on the central nervous system, especially to improve intellect and boost memory. Four botanicals viz. Canscora decussata Schult. (CD), Clitorea ternatea Linn. (CT), Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy. (CP) and Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (EA) are considered as sources of Shankhpushpi by Indian practitioners on the basis of their morphological descriptions given in ancient texts...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Ha Thanh Tung Pham, Minh Chau Hoang, Thi Kim Quy Ha, Lan Huong Dang, Van On Tran, Thi Bich Thu Nguyen, Chul Ho Lee, Won Keun Oh
Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm. (Asclepiadaceae) is a well-known Ayurvedic anti-sweet plant for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although it was previously proposed that G. sylvestre exhibits chemical variation based on geography, most research on G. sylvestre has used material originating from India. Morphological and anatomical descriptions, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 DNA sequencing, and acid hydrolysis analyses showed that G. sylvestre samples from Vietnam are distinguishable from those of Indian origin and thus suggest a dissimilarity among G...
March 9, 2018: Phytochemistry
Marek A Mikulski, Michael D Wichman, Donald L Simmons, Anthony N Pham, Valentina Clottey, Laurence J Fuortes
Background Herbal formulations, traditional medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine are used by the majority of the world's population. Toxicity associated with use of Ayurvedic products due to metal content is an increasingly recognized potential public health problem. Objectives Report on toxic metals content of Ayurvedic products obtained during an investigation of lead poisoning among users of Ayurvedic medicine. Methods Samples of Ayurvedic formulations were analyzed for metals and metalloids following established US...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Arvind Chopra, Manjit Saluja, Toktam Kianifard, Deepa Chitre, Anuradha Venugopalan
BACKGROUND: Data on long term use of Ayurvedic drugs is sparse. They may prove useful if combined with modern medicine in certain clinical situations (integrative medicine). We present the results of a long term observational study of RA-1 (Ayurvedic drug) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: On completion of a 16 week randomized controlled study, 165 consenting volunteer patients were enrolled into a three year open label phase (OLP) study...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Sushant Shengule, Kalyani Kumbhare, Dada Patil, Sanjay Mishra, Kishori Apte, Bhushan Patwardhan
Nisha Amalaki (NA), formulation with Curcuma longa Linn (Turmeric, Haridra, Nisha in Sanskrit; Family: Zingiberaceae) and Phyllanthus emblica Linn (Indian gooseberry, Amlaki in Sanskrit; Family: Phyllanthaceae) which is described for various diseases including diabetes in ayurvedic texts and Nighantus. The aim of the present study was to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) interactions of chemically standardized NA and Curcuminoids (CE) with metformin (MET) in normal and diabetic animals...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Harshad Devarbhavi
The published online version contains incorrect data. These have been corrected below.
March 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Madhuri Shelar, Sadhana Nanaware, S Arulmozhi, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Mahadik
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sarasvata ghrita (SG), a polyherbal formulation from ayurveda, an ancient medicinal system of India, has been used to improve intelligence and memory, treat speech delay, speaking difficulties and low digestion power in children. AIM OF THE STUDY: Study aimed to validate the ethno use of SG in memory enhancement through systematic scientific protocol. The effect of SG and modern extracts of ingredients of SG was compared on cognitive function and neuroprotection in amyloid-β peptide 25-35(Aβ25-35) induced memory impairment in wistar rats...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Asmita Wele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Shamsul Arifeen Khan Mamun, Rasheda Khanam, Mohammad Mafizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: The Government of Bangladesh has a National Healthcare Strategy 2012-2032 that reiterates a goal to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by the year 2032. To achieve the goal, the government has set up a strategy to reduce the share of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure from the current 64% of the total household healthcare costs to 32% at the national level. As the majority of the people live in the rural areas, and the rural people are generally poor, the success of the strategy relies predominantly on any type of pro-poor healthcare policy and strategy...
March 1, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Jyotibala Banjare, Prerna Raina, Prakash Mansara, Ruchika Kaul Ghanekar, Supriya Bhalerao
Background: Triphala, an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation, is used for the treatment of various diseases including obesity. Objective: The present study was planned to evaluate the anti-adipogenic potential of aqueous extract of Triphala (TPaq ) using 3T3-L1 adipocyte cell line model. Methods: The effect of aqueous extract of Triphala (TPaq ) was tested on the viability of 3T3- L1 cells by MTT assay. The cells were treated with a cocktail of dexamethasone (DEX), isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) and insulin to induce adipogenesis...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
H V Sudeep, K Gouthamchandra, B J Venkatesh, K Shyam Prasad
Background: Withania somnifera is an Indian medicinal herb known for the multipotential ability to cure various therapeutic ailments as described in the ayurvedic system of medicine. Objective: In the present study, we have evaluated the antiproliferative activity of a standardized W. somnifera root extract (Viwithan) against different human and murine cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of Viwithan was determined using thiazolyl blue tetrazolium blue assay and crystal violet staining...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Akula Annapurna, Thonangi C Vishala, Veera R Bitra, Deepthi Rapaka, Asmath Shaik
Objective: The prime objective of this study is to evaluate the cerebroprotective actions of Triticum aestivum (wheatgrass) powder and Bauhinia purpurea flower (dev kanchan) powder against the experimentally induced global ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Materials and Methods: In the first phase of the studies, 1 h before the surgical procedure, the Wistar rats were orally served with varied doses of wheatgrass powder (5, 10, 30, and 100 μg/kg) and Bauhinia flower powder (30, 100, 200, and 300 μg/kg), respectively...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Nar S Chauhan, Rajesh Pandey, Anupam K Mondal, Shashank Gupta, Manoj K Verma, Sweta Jain, Vasim Ahmed, Rutuja Patil, Dhiraj Agarwal, Bhushan Girase, Ankita Shrivastava, Fauzul Mobeen, Vikas Sharma, Tulika P Srivastava, Sanjay K Juvekar, Bhavana Prasher, Mitali Mukerji, Debasis Dash
Heterogeneity amidst healthy individuals at genomic level is being widely acknowledged. This, in turn, is modulated by differential response to environmental cues and treatment regimens, necessitating the need for stratified/personalized therapy. We intend to understand the molecular determinants of Ayurvedic way (ancient Indian system of medicine) of endo-phenotyping individuals into distinct constitution types termed " Prakriti," which forms the basis of personalized treatment. In this study, we explored and analyzed the healthy human gut microbiome structure within three predominant Prakriti groups from a genetically homogenous cohort to discover differentially abundant taxa, using 16S rRNA gene based microbial community profiling...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Cyriac Abby Philips, Rajaguru Paramaguru, Adarsh K Joy, K L Antony, Philip Augustine
INTRODUCTION: Ayurvedic and herbal medicines (AHM) are known to cause varying degrees of drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Clinical, biochemical, histological spectrum and outcomes of AHM linked to severe DILI are not well studied. METHODS: Out of 1440 liver disease patients, 94 were found to have a severe liver injury and associated AHM intake. Thirty-three patients were suspected to have AHM-DILI on Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Scoring Method. Forty-seven and 30 of retrieved AHM samples were analyzed for heavy metals and hepatotoxic volatile organic compounds (hVOCs), respectively...
February 24, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
A Tokinobu, T Yorifuji, M Sasai, H Doi, T Tsuda
OBJECTIVES: The effect of tongue cleaning on digestive power is mentioned in Ayurvedic information sources. However, no study has yet evaluated this. We aimed to evaluate the effects of tongue cleaning on digestive power from Ayurvedic viewpoint, and on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in healthy adults. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over. INTERVENTIONS: We recruited healthy adults aged 20-60 years. After randomization, the immediate intervention group started tongue cleaning with a tongue scraper every morning for 4 weeks, and then waited for 4 weeks...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Christian S Kessler, Kartar S Dhiman, Abhimanyu Kumar, Thomas Ostermann, Shivenarain Gupta, Antonio Morandi, Martin Mittwede, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Michaela Spoo, Katja Icke, Andreas Michalsen, Claudia M Witt
OBJECTIVE: Ayurveda is commonly used in South Asia to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic treatment compared to conventional conservative care in patients with knee OA. METHOD: According to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria knee OA patients were included in a multicenter randomized, controlled, open-label trial and treated in 2 hospital clinics and 2 private outpatient clinics in Germany. Participants received either a multi-modal Ayurvedic treatment or multi-modal conventional care with 15 treatments over 12 weeks respectively...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Harshad Devarbhavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Amrita Mishra, Arun K Mishra, Shivesh Jha
OBJECTIVE: Brahmi vati (BV) is an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation used since ancient times and has been prescribed in seizures associated with schizophrenia and related memory loss by Ayurvedic practitioners in India. The aim of the study was to investigate these claims by evaluation of anticonvulsant, antischizophreniac, and memory-enhancing activities. Antioxidant condition of brain was determined by malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels estimations. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was quantitatively estimated in the brain tissue...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Arjun Singh, Sarada Ota, Narayan Srikanth, Ruknuddin Galib, Sreedhar Bojja, Kartar Sing Dhiman
Rasa Shastra is an exclusive branch of ayurveda that uses processed metals and minerals in various combinations. Though the formulations are time tested, safety and quality concerns are being raised since the past two decades. In view of this, it becomes mandatory to generate quality control profiles of such formulations by following available parameters. Considering this, we attempted to develop standard manufacturing procedures of Maha Yogaraja Guggulu and generate preliminary physicochemical profiles using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and high-performance thin-layer chromatography...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
Chitra Subramani, Arivukkodi Rajakkannu, Arunadevi Rathinam, Sudesh Gaidhani, Ilavarasan Raju, Dhiman Vaidya Kartar Singh
Premna integrifolia Linn. is a medicinal plant used in "Dhasamula" drug preparation of Ayurvedic systems of medicine in the treatment of various ailments like bronchitis, dyspepsia, liver disorders, piles, constipation, hyperlipidemia and fever. The anti-atherosclerotic activity of hydroalcoholic extract (HAE) of root bark of P. integrifolia was evaluated in high fat diet induced atherosclerosis rats. Sixty Wistar rats were divided into six groups: the first group served as control, the second group was fed with high fat diet and the other three groups were fed with high fat diet along with various concentrations of HAE and the last group was treated with atorvastatin for 30 days...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
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