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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025113/innovative-technology-using-virtual-reality-in-the-treatment-of-pain-does-it-reduce-pain-via-distraction-or-is-there-more-to-it
#1
Anita Gupta, Kevin Scott, Matthew Dukewich
Objective: Virtual reality (VR) is an exciting new technology with almost endless possible uses in medicine. One area it has shown promise is pain management. This selective review focused on studies that gave evidence to the distraction or nondistraction mechanisms by which VR leads to the treatment of pain. Methods: The review looked at articles from 2000 to July 29, 2016, focusing on studies concerning mechanisms by which virtual reality can augment pain relief...
August 31, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021121/effect-of-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-acquisition-of-coping-skills-among-cocaine-dependent-individuals-enrolled-in-methadone-maintenance
#2
Brian D Kiluk, Elise E DeVito, Matthew B Buck, Karen Hunkele, Charla Nich, Kathleen M Carroll
The acquisition of coping skills has long been considered one of the putative mechanisms of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for substance use disorders, yet consistent statistical support is lacking. This study sought to replicate and extend prior findings regarding the quality of coping skills as a mediator of abstinence outcomes from a computerized CBT program for substance users. Participants were methadone-maintained, cocaine dependent individuals enrolled in a clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of computer-based training for CBT ('CBT4CBT') as an add-on to treatment as usual (TAU+CBT4CBT) compared to TAU only...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019903/an-atypical-presentation-of-functional-visual-loss-a-case-report
#3
Junkyu Chung, Kyung Hyun Jin, Jaheon Kang, Tae Gi Kim
RATIONALE: Functional visual loss (FVL) can manifest as various symptoms. Decreased distant visual acuity is the most common symptom and visual field defect is the second most common symptom. Hemianopsia is rarely reported. In an atypical situation of FVL, it is important to prove that no organic pathology exists, through detailed history taking and appropriate examinations. PATIENT CONCERNS: This review presents the case of a 48-year-old male patient presented with decreased bilateral visual acuity and visual field defect after a traffic accident 3 weeks ago...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019640/spine-conditions-mechanical-and-inflammatory-low-back-pain
#4
Christopher Ledford
Mechanical low back pain (LBP) is an injury or derangement of an anatomic structure in the low back. When evaluating patients with LBP, clinicians should maintain clinical suspicion for vertebral fracture, cancer, and cauda equina syndrome. Management includes patient education focused on exercise, massage, and behavioral approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Acupuncture can be an effective alternative and specific herbal supplements may provide short-term pain relief. The prognosis for patients with mechanical LBP is good...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017481/cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-patients-with-physical-diseases-and-comorbid-depressive-or-adjustment-disorders-on-a-waiting-list-for-individual-therapy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Miriam Ruesch, Almut Helmes, Juergen Bengel
BACKGROUND: Depressive and adjustment disorders are highly prevalent in patients with physical diseases and are associated with poorer quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, as well as higher healthcare costs. Access to mental health care holds strong importance for these patients, although waiting times for outpatient individual psychotherapy in Germany are often long. Attending an intervention while waiting for individual therapy could improve this problem. For this purpose, we developed an eight-session cognitive behavioral group therapy (STEpS) and tested its efficacy in a randomized controlled trial...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017418/maternal-glucose-supplementation-in-a-murine-model-of-chorioamnionitis-alleviates-dysregulation-of-autophagy-in-fetal-brain
#6
Jun Lei, Wenyu Zhong, Ahmad Almalki, Hongxi Zhao, Hattan Arif, Rayyan Rozzah, Ghada Al Yousif, Nader Alhejaily, Dan Wu, Michael McLane, Irina Burd
Fetal brain injury induced by intrauterine inflammation is a major risk factor for adverse neurological outcomes, including cerebral palsy, cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral disabilities. There are no adequate therapies for neuronal protection to reduce fetal brain injury, especially new strategies that may apply promptly and conveniently. In this study, we explored the effect of maternal glucose administration in a mouse model of intrauterine inflammation at term. Our results demonstrated that maternal glucose supplementation significantly increased survival birth rate and improved the neurobehavioral performance of pups exposed to intrauterine inflammation...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016937/screening-for-insomnia-an-observational-study-examining-sleep-disturbances-headache-characteristics-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-visiting-a-headache-center
#7
Olivia Begasse de Dhaem, Elizabeth Seng, Mia T Minen
Objective: Effective treatments for insomnia exist, but few physicians treating headaches have routine methods for screening for insomnia. We sought to 1) describe the migraine characteristics and comorbid conditions that can affect sleep and 2) assess their relationships with positive screens on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of the migraine and sleep characteristics of new patients in our headache center (August 15, 2015-October 28, 2015) who were suspected of having migraines based on the new patient intake questionnaire...
July 21, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016468/a-systematic-review-of-reminiscence-therapy-for-older-adults-in-taiwan
#8
Hsin-Yen Yen, Li-Jung Lin
BACKGROUND: Population aging is an increasing phenomenon in many countries around the world. It has been estimated that more than one quarter of all older adults experience a mental or neurological disorder or disease such as dementia, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Reminiscence is a popular treatment for enhancing well-being in older adults. Previous studies have shown that reminiscence therapy improves the cognitive functions, behaviors, and other psychosocial outcomes in older adult patients...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016275/effectiveness-of-psychoanalytic-interactional-group-therapy-vs-behavioral-group-therapy-in-routine-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-dependent-patients
#9
Peter W Nyhuis, Eva Niederhofer, Norbert Scherbaum, Fabrizio Schifano, Udo Bonnet, Nikolai Dembski, Anna Niederhofer, Michael Specka, Meike Tenbergen
BACKGROUND: The cognitive behavioral therapy has been extensively investigated to assess relapse prevention rates in patients with alcohol dependence. In contrast, only little is known regarding the effectiveness of psychoanalytical psychotherapy in relapse prevention, although this treatment is widely used and especially so in Germany. The aim of this quasi-randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of these two group treatments' approaches under the condition of routine outpatient treatment in a non-university hospital...
October 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992858/cognitive-changes-related-to-cancer-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Tracy D Vannorsdall
A growing population of cancer survivors is at risk for acute and long-term consequences resulting from cancer and its treatment. Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) typically manifests as modest deficits in attention, processing speed, executive functioning, and memory, which may persist for decades after treatment. Although some risk factors for CRCI are largely immutable (eg, genetics and demographic factors), there are many other contributors to CRCI that when appropriately addressed can result in improved cognitive functioning and quality of life...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#11
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992822/therapy-update-for-insomnia-in-the-elderly
#12
Sum Lam, Lucy O Macina
OBJECTIVE: To offer an update on insomnia in older adults and treatment options. DATA SOURCES: A search of PubMed using the terms "insomnia" and "older adults" was performed. Current guidelines, review articles, and drug database and manufacturer package inserts were utilized to provide relevant information. STUDY SELECTION: All English-language articles from 2012 to February 2017 and their bibliographies were reviewed for relevance. Current guidelines from the American College of Physicians, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and the American Geriatrics Society's Beers criteria were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991661/behavioral-and-affective-features-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients
#13
Yasuyuki Ohta, Kota Sato, Mami Takemoto, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Ryuta Morihara, Yumiko Nakano, Keiichiro Tsunoda, Emi Nomura, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
Evaluating the cognitive and behavioral features in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients is important for therapy and care. Fifty-seven ALS, 5 ALS with the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) (ALS-FTD), 12 FTD patients, and 35 control subjects were evaluated by 10 different tests for cognitive and behavioral (mini-mental state examination (MMSE), Hasegawa dementia rating scale - revised (HDS-R), frontal assessment battery (FAB), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA), ALS-frontotemporal dementia-Questionnaire (ALS-FTD-Q), and anosognosia scale), affective (depression, apathy, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)), and activities of daily living (ADL) assessments...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989210/the-relationship-between-automatic-thoughts-and-depression-in-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-exploring-temporality-and-causality
#14
Kristen E Riley, Jasper S Lee, Steven A Safren
Depression in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is highly prevalent and related to worse adherence to antiretroviral therapy, but is amenable to change via CBT. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) specifically addresses negative automatic thoughts (ATs) as one component of the treatment. There is little research on the temporal nature of the relation between ATs and depression. HIV-positive adults with depression (N=240) were randomized to CBT-AD, information/supportive psychotherapy for adherence and depression (ISP-AD), or one session of adherence counseling alone (ETAU)...
October 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988322/multimodal-residential-treatment-for-adolescent-anxiety-outcome-and-associations-with-pre-treatment-variables
#15
Sophie C Schneider, Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza, Davíð R M A Højgaard, Brian S Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Stephanie C Eken, Peter Lake, Joshua M Nadeau, Eric A Storch
This study aimed to determine the effect of a multimodal residential treatment program for severe adolescent anxiety, and examine whether treatment outcome was associated with pre-treatment anxiety, comorbid disorders, or participant age or gender. Participants were 70 adolescents (61.4% female, mean age = 15.4 years) with a primary anxiety disorder who received residential treatment involving cognitive behavioral therapy and medication management. Treatment outcome was assessed both as the change in adolescent-reported anxiety symptoms, and using treatment response criteria...
October 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986942/management-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-bpsd-by-an-aroma-massage-with-acupressure-treatment-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Jo Kamen Ka-Man Fung, Hector Wing-Hong Tsang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the clinical effectiveness of a multi-component aroma-massage with an acupressure treatment protocol and compared it to cognitive training for the management of BPSD. BACKGROUND: Pharmacological interventions have been unsatisfactory in managing BPSD; thus, complementary and alternative medicine has been extensively researched to identify an adjunct safe and cost-effective intervention. DESIGN: This RCT utilized a three-arm parallel group design...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983515/using-research-informed-pedagogical-practices-to-maximize-learning-in-youth-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#17
Gerald M Reid, Amie E Grills, Nicholas D Mian, Alexis A Reid, Rachel A Merson, David A Langer
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth is an evidence-based treatment that typically starts with some form of psychoeducation, during which the patient is taught in a didactic manner about their presenting problems and strategies to ameliorate their symptoms. The learning process continues over the course of treatment as patients consolidate and attempt to utilize their aqcuired knowledge in their daily life. Manuals provide helpful structure and strategies to facilitate this learning process (e.g., using metaphors, personalized coping cards); however, there is variability across patients in terms of what presented content they will be able to access and understand, how they can most effectively transfer what they learn into their everyday life, and why they will become engaged in this learning process...
2017: Evid Based Pract Child Adolesc Ment Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979968/comparison-of-simulated-treatment-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-stepped-care-case-finding-intervention-vs-usual-care-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-a-natural-disaster
#18
Gregory H Cohen, Shailesh Tamrakar, Sarah Lowe, Laura Sampson, Catherine Ettman, Ben Linas, Kenneth Ruggiero, Sandro Galea
Importance: Psychiatric interventions offered after natural disasters commonly address subsyndromal symptom presentations, but often remain insufficient to reduce the burden of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To simulate a comparison of a stepped care case-finding intervention (stepped care [SC]) vs a moderate-strength single-level intervention (usual care [UC]) on treatment effectiveness and incremental cost-effectiveness in the 2 years after a natural disaster...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978988/effects-of-long-term-psychological-intervention-on-blood-pressure-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hypertension-among-the-chinese-working-population
#19
Lei Liu, Min Li, Shaowu Song, Anshi Shi, Si Cheng, Xiawei Dang, Hui Chen, Heng Zhang, A Ziguli, Lifei Cao, Ping Wang, Hui Luan, Yunlong Ma, Songlin Zhang, Zengwu Wang, Xin Wang, Runlin Gao, Gang Tian
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of psychological intervention on blood pressure, health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL), and stroke prevalence in patients with hypertension among the Chinese working population. Cluster sampling was conducted in September 2013 at the Shaanxi Jinduicheng Molybdenum Group General Hospital (intervention group) and the Shaanxi Province Hancheng Mining Bureau General Hospital (control group). The intervention group received regular psychological intervention for 2 years, including cognitive, emotional, and behavioral interventions...
October 5, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976292/addiction-treatment-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-people-an-application-of-the-cenaps-model
#20
Leo Yates, Laura Dreany-Pyles
Alcohol and drug addiction is a significant problem among Deaf and hard of hearing people. Looking through a Deaf culture lens, treatment for alcohol and drug addiction is key for providing care for Deaf and hard of hearing clients. Using the CENAPS model, an applied cognitive-behavioral therapy program is recommended for addiction treatment. The CENAPS model provides clinicians with tools for stabilizing Deaf and hard of hearing clients, while supporting their transition to early recovery. Educating the client about the stages of relapse and the stages of recovery, clinicians using this model can better treat and prepare Deaf and hard of hearing clients for long-term recovery...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
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