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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222250/iron-deficiency-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-clinical-implications-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Christian Breymann, Michael Auerbach
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia during pregnancy; however, its prevalence is highly determined by nutritional and socioeconomic status. Oral iron is the frontline therapy, but is often poorly tolerated. Awareness of the available intravenous formulations is essential for management. Before delivery, risk factors such as multiparity and heavy uterine bleeding increase the prevalence of iron deficiency and should be motivation for early diagnosis and treatment. Neonates born with iron deficiency have a statistically significant increment in both cognitive and behavioral abnormalities that persist after repletion, highlighting the need for heightened awareness of the diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#2
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222079/web-based-interventions-supporting-adolescents-and-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Maritta Välimäki, Katriina Anttila, Minna Anttila, Mari Lahti
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies on information and communication technology (ICT)-based intervention on mental health among adolescents with depressive symptoms have already been combined in a number of systematic reviews, coherent information is still missing about interventions used, participants' engagement of these interventions, and how these interventions work. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials to describe the effectiveness of Web-based interventions to support adolescents with depression or depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220627/neuropsychological-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-insomnia-randomized-to-cbt-i-or-control-group
#4
Erin Cassidy-Eagle, Allison Siebern, Lisa Unti, Jill Glassman, Ruth O'Hara
OBJECTIVES: Improving the sleep of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a first step in discovering whether interventions directed at modifying this risk factor also have the potential to alter the cognitive decline trajectory. METHODS: A six-session, adapted version of a cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) was administered to older adults (N = 28; 14 per group) with MCI across two residential facilities. Participants were randomly assigned to either the sleep intervention or an active control group and completed a neuropsychological battery at three time points (e...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217683/insulin-like-growth-factor-ii-targets-the-mtor-pathway-to-reverse-autism-like-phenotypes-in-mice
#5
Adam B Steinmetz, Sarah A Stern, Amy S Kohtz, Giannina Descalzi, Cristina M Alberini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by impairments in social interaction and repetitive behavior, and is also associated with cognitive deficits. There is no current treatment that can ameliorate most of the ASD symptomatology; thus, identifying novel therapies is urgently needed. We used male BTBR T+Itpr3tf /J (BTBR) mice, a model that reproduces most of the core behavioral phenotypes of ASD, to test the effects of systemic administration of insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II), a polypeptide that crosses the blood brain barrier and acts as a cognitive enhancer...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#6
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215315/internet-based-vs-face-to-face-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-psychiatric-and-somatic-disorders-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Pim Cuijpers, Heleen Riper, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
During the last two decades, Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in hundreds of randomized controlled trials, often with promising results. However, the control groups were often waitlisted, care-as-usual or attention control. Hence, little is known about the relative efficacy of ICBT as compared to face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). In the present systematic review and meta-analysis, which included 1418 participants, guided ICBT for psychiatric and somatic conditions were directly compared to face-to-face CBT within the same trial...
December 7, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214931/-intervention-and-therapy-for-perpetrators-and-victims-of-bullying-a-systematic-review
#8
Markus Hess, Susanne Wirtz, Marc Allroggen, Herbert Scheithauer
Intervention and Therapy for Perpetrators and Victims of Bullying: A Systematic Review Bullying is a form of repeated and aggressive behavior with serious consequences for victims and perpetrators, who often suffer from their experiences long after the bullying episodes have ended. However, the therapeutic treatment of bullying and its consequences represents a neglected topic in bullying research. Objective of the present article is to review publications systematically describing targeted interventions for the treatment of bullying (for victims and perpetrators) and associated disorders...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214620/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-treatment-in-a-military-deployed-operational-setting-utilizing-enlisted-combat-medics-a-quality-and-process-improvement-project
#9
Rohul Amin, Brooke E Wirtz
Insomnia disorder is a prevalent condition especially among the American military, affecting up to 50% of service members. It is shown to affect military performance. Guidelines recommend the use of nonpharmacologic approaches as initial treatment of insomnia. Cognitive behavioral therapy informed insomnia treatment (CBT-I) has the greatest evidence, however it requires specialized training. While deployed in the Middle East in support of US military operations, we faced a resource challenge while caring for service members with insomnia...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214483/psychotherapyplus-augmentation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-with-prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-in-major-depressive-disorder-study-design-and-methodology-of-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Malek Bajbouj, Sabine Aust, Jan Spies, Ana-Lucia Herrera-Melendez, Sarah V Mayer, Maike Peters, Christian Plewnia, Andreas J Fallgatter, Lukas Frase, Claus Normann, Nora Behler, Linda Wulf, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Frank Padberg
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders worldwide. About 20-30% of patients do not respond to the standard psychopharmacological and/or psychotherapeutic interventions. Mounting evidence from neuroimaging studies in MDD patients reveal altered activation patterns in lateral prefrontal brain areas. Successful cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is associated with a recovery of these neural alterations. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is capable of influencing prefrontal cortex activity and cognitive functions such as working memory and emotion regulation...
December 6, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212135/what-is-the-effect-on-comorbid-personality-disorder-of-brief-panic-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#11
John R Keefe, Barbara L Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless
BACKGROUND: No studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD. METHODS: In a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#12
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210517/the-current-status-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-marking-the-51st-annual-convention-of-the-association-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-therapies
#13
EDITORIAL
Ruth Striegel Weissman, Guido K W Frank, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer J Thomas, Tracey Wade, Glenn Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209201/do-lifestyle-activities-protect-against-cognitive-decline-in-aging-a-review
#14
Gregory J Christie, Tara Hamilton, Bradley D Manor, Norman A S Farb, Faranak Farzan, Andrew Sixsmith, Jean-Jacques Temprado, Sylvain Moreno
The number of patients suffering from dementia is expected to more than triple by the year 2040, and this represents a major challenge to publicly-funded healthcare systems throughout the world. One of the most effective prevention mechanisms against dementia lies in increasing brain- and cognitive-reserve capacity, which has been found to reduce the behavioral severity of dementia symptoms as neurological degeneration progresses. To date though, most of the factors known to enhance this reserve stem from largely immutable history factors, such as level of education and occupational attainment...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207980/pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-culturally-adapted-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-psychosis-cacbtp-in-pakistan
#15
Muhammed Omair Husain, Imran B Chaudhry, Nasir Mehmood, Raza Ur Rehman, Ajmal Kazmi, Munir Hamirani, Tayyeba Kiran, Ameer Bukhsh, Paul Bassett, Muhammad Ishrat Husain, Farooq Naeem, Nusrat Husain
BACKGROUND: Evidence for efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in treatment of schizophrenia is growing. CBT is effective and cost efficient in treating positive and negative symptoms. To effectively meet the needs of diverse cultural groups, CBT needs to be adapted to the linguistic, cultural and socioeconomic context. We aimed to assess the feasibility, efficacy and acceptability of a culturally adapted CBT for treatment of psychosis (CaCBTp) in a low-income country. METHODS: Rater-blind, randomised, controlled trial of the use of standard duration CBT in patients with psychosis from a low-income country...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205325/couple-based-intervention-for-depression-an-effectiveness-study-in-the-national-health-service-in-england
#16
Donald H Baucom, Melanie S Fischer, Michael Worrell, Sarah Corrie, Jennifer M Belus, Efthymia Molyva, Sara E Boeding
This study represents an effectiveness study and service evaluation of a cognitive behavioral, couple-based treatment for depression (BCT-D) provided in London services that are part of the "Improving Access to Psychological Therapies" (IAPT) program in England. Twenty-three therapists in community clinics were trained in BCT-D during a 5-day workshop, followed by monthly group supervision for 1 year. The BCT-D treatment outcome findings are based on 63 couples in which at least one partner was depressed and elected to receive BCT-D...
December 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204796/identifying-effective-components-of-child-maltreatment-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Claudia E van der Put, Mark Assink, Jeanne Gubbels, Noëlle F Boekhout van Solinge
There is a lack of knowledge about specific components that make interventions effective in preventing or reducing child maltreatment. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to increase this knowledge by summarizing findings on effects of interventions for child maltreatment and by examining potential moderators of this effect, such as intervention components and study characteristics. Identifying effective components is essential for developing or improving child maltreatment interventions. A literature search yielded 121 independent studies (N = 39,044) examining the effects of interventions for preventing or reducing child maltreatment...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201549/l-dopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-and-subthalamic-nucleus-stimulation-effects-on-cognition-and-behavior
#18
Francesc Valldeoriola, Pilar Santacruz, José Ríos, Yaroslau Compta, Jordi Rumià, José Esteban Muñoz, María José Martí, Eduardo Tolosa
Objective: In Parkinson's disease (PD), effects on behavior and cognition of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) and subthalamic stimulation (STN-DBS) and their practical consequences remain controversial. This study was designed to analyze the possible effects of these therapies on cognition and behavior after 1 year follow-up. Methods: This was an open-label, nonrandomized prospective study for pre- and postintervention analyses. Twenty-four patients were considered eligible to be candidates for complex therapies such as STN-DBS or LCIG; 23 patients treated with standard medication were included as controls...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201122/quasi-experimental-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reliving-migraine-headaches-in-migraine-sufferers
#19
Hosein Ebrahimi Moghadam, Ahoo Karimi, Kimia Seifi
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on relieving migraine headaches in migraine sufferers. Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test method, the samples were outpatients of public hospitals in Ilam City, southwestern Iran since May-Jul 2010. They were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and divided into experimental and control groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200858/group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study
#20
Hongjing Mao, Yutian Ji, You Xu, Guangzheng Tang, Zhenghe Yu, Lianlian Xu, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Background: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy (GCBT) might meet the considerable treatment demand of insomnia, but its effectiveness needs to be addressed. Participants: This study recruited 27 insomnia patients treated with 16-weeks of zolpidem (zolpidem group), 26 patients treated with 4-weeks of zolpidem and also treated with 12-weeks of GCBT (GCBT group), and 31 healthy control volunteers. Methods: Before treatment and 16 weeks after intervention, participants were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15]), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep-16 (DBAS-16), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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