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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#1
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
January 31, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473698/a-proof-of-concept-pilot-randomized-comparative-trial-of-brief-internet-based-compassionate-mind-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-perinatal-and-intending-to-become-pregnant-women
#2
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473029/fluoxetine-administration-in-juvenile-monkeys-implications-for-pharmacotherapy-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Mari S Golub, Casey E Hogrefe, Richard J Sherwood, Christoph W Turck
Fluoxetine therapy has been approved for children with major depressive disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder for over 14 years and has expanded to other childhood behavior disorders. As use increases, more detail on fluoxetine effects during juvenile brain development can help maintain safe and effective use of this therapy. Here, a narrative review is provided of previously published findings from a large nonhuman primate project. Fluoxetine was administered to juvenile male rhesus monkeys for an extended period (2 years) prior to puberty...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472955/improving-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-using-group-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#4
Zahra Noroozi, Sajedeh Hamidian, Niloofar Khajeddin, Mahnaz Mehrabi Zadeh Honarmand, Yadollah Zargar, Homeira Rashidi, Behrooz Dolatshahi
Objective: Depression is a chronic condition comorbid with diabetes type 2 that often remains untreated. Dealing with diabetes is a challenging task for patients and can lead to depression in long term. These two conditions have a negative influence on each other and on the individual's quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of group cognitive behavior therapy on depression, quality of life in women with diabetes type 2. Method : We conducted a clinical trial among 30 women with diabetes type 2 comorbid with depression...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471478/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Robert Zachariae, Ali Amidi, Malene F Damholdt, Cecilie D R Clausen, Jesper Dahlgaard, Holly Lord, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband
Background: Insomnia is two to three times more prevalent in cancer survivors than in the general population, where it is estimated to be 10% to 20%. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia, but meeting survivor needs remains a challenge. Internet-delivered CBT-I (iCBT-I) has been shown efficacious in otherwise healthy adults. We tested the efficacy of iCBT-I in breast cancer survivors with clinically significant sleep disturbance...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468568/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-case-study
#6
Marieke van de Wal, Petra Servaes, Rebecca Berry, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins
This case study describes the course and content of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for clinical fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in a breast cancer survivor. The CBT for clinical FCR consisted of seven face-to-face therapy sessions and one telephone session. The primary treatment goal was to reduce FCR severity by modifying cognitive processes and dysfunctional behavior. Assessments of FCR and quality of life were completed by the breast cancer survivor pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at 6 and 12 months of post-therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462464/determining-brain-mechanisms-that-underpin-analgesia-induced-by-the-use-of-pain-coping-skills
#7
Leonie J Cole, Kim L Bennell, Yasmin Ahamed, Christina Bryant, Francis Keefe, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul Hodges, Michael J Farrell
Objective: Cognitive behavioral therapies decrease pain and improve mood and function in people with osteoarthritis. This study assessed the effects of coping strategies on the central processing of knee pain in people with osteoarthritis of the knees. Methods: Mechanical pressure was applied to exacerbate knee pain in 28 people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Reports of pain intensity and functional magnetic resonance imaging measures of pain-related brain activity were recorded with and without the concurrent use of pain coping skills...
February 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461284/psychometric-performance-of-the-arabic-versions-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-and-the-functional-assessment-of-cancer-therapy-breast
#8
Maaidah M Algamdi, Sandra K Hanneman
BACKGROUND: Valid and reliable instruments in Arabic are needed to measure self-efficacy and quality of life for Arabic patients with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric performance of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Arabic (CBI-BA), including participant understanding of items, and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Arabic (FACT-BA). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 438 cancer patients completed the CBI-BA, 30 of whom completed cognitive interviews...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460918/treatment-of-supragastric-belching-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-quality-of-life-and-reduces-acid-gastroesophageal-reflux
#9
E Glasinovic, E Wynter, J Arguero, J Ooi, K Nakagawa, E Yazaki, P Hajek, C Clin Psych, P Woodland, D Sifrim
OBJECTIVES: Excessive supragastric belching (SGB) manifests as troublesome belching, and can be associated with reflux and significant impact on quality of life (QOL). In some GERD patients, SGB-associated reflux contributes to up to 1/3 of the total esophageal acid exposure. We hypothesized that a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) might reduce SGB, improve QOL, and reduce acid gastroesophageal reflux (GOR). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of CBT in patients with pathological SGB...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460067/a-systematic-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Claudine Blanchet, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Audrey St-Laurent, Shirley Fecteau, Nathalie St-Amour, Vicky Drapeau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our systematic review aims to assess the overall evidence available in the literature regarding the role of physical activity (PA) in individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) and better understand the potential underlying mechanisms of action. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently, the most effective and well-established psychological treatment for BED is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with a remission rate around 80%. CBT is sometimes combined with pharmacotherapy targeting comorbidities associated with BED, such as obesity and depression...
February 19, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460009/the-global-spine-care-initiative-applying-evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-non-invasive-management-of-back-and-neck-pain-to-low-and-middle-income-communities
#11
REVIEW
Roger Chou, Pierre Côté, Kristi Randhawa, Paola Torres, Hainan Yu, Margareta Nordin, Eric L Hurwitz, Scott Haldeman, Christine Cedraschi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to develop recommendations for the management of spinal disorders in low-income communities, with a focus on non-invasive pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies for non-specific low back and neck pain. METHODS: We synthesized two evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the management of low back and neck pain. Our recommendations considered benefits, harms, quality of evidence, and costs, with attention to feasibility in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries...
February 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458705/reliability-of-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-sleep-disorders-module
#12
Daniel J Taylor, Allison K Wilkerson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Jacob M Williams, Camilo J Ruggero, Willie Hale, Jim Mintz, Katherine Marczyk Organek, Karin L Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Katherine A Dondanville, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Alan L Peterson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To develop and demonstrate interrater reliability for a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Sleep Disorders (SCISD). METHODS: The SCISD was designed to be a brief, reliable, and valid interview assessment of adult sleep disorders as defined by the DSM-5. A sample of 106 postdeployment active-duty military members seeking cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in a randomized clinical trial were assessed with the SCISD prior to treatment to determine eligibility...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458193/attenuation-of-neuro-inflammation-improves-survival-and-neurodegeneration-in-a-mouse-model-of-severe-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#13
Simone Vodret, Giulia Bortolussi, Alessandra Iaconcig, Elena Martinelli, Claudio Tiribelli, Andrés F Muro
All pre-term newborns and a high proportion of term newborns develop neonatal jaundice. Neonatal jaundice is usually a benign condition and self-resolves within few days after birth. However, a combination of unfavorable complications may lead to acute hyperbilirubinemia. Excessive hyperbilirubinemia may be toxic for the developing nervous system leading to severe neurological damage and death by kernicterus. Survivors show irreversible neurological deficits such as motor, sensitive and cognitive abnormalities...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457252/body-image-flexibility-a-predictor-and-moderator-of-outcome-in-transdiagnostic-outpatient-eating-disorder-treatment
#14
Mia L Pellizzer, Glenn Waller, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: Predictors of attrition and predictors and moderators of outcome were explored in a transdiagnostic sample of patients who received ten-session cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-T) for nonunderweight eating disorders. Body image flexibility, a protective positive body image construct, was hypothesized to be a significant moderator. METHOD: Data from two case series were combined to form a sample of 78 participants who received CBT-T. Baseline measures of body image, negative affect, personality, and motivation (readiness to change and self-efficacy) were included as potential predictors...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#15
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456927/best-practices-in-supervising-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-youth
#16
REVIEW
Robert D Friedberg
Clinical supervision of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with youth ensures better patient care and fosters trainees' professional development. However, often insufficient attention is directed toward disseminating best practices in supervision of CBT with youth. This Therapeutic Advances contribution aims to communicate the core content of supervision. Additionally, the key supervisory practices associated with CBT with youth are described. Supervisory outcomes are summarized and recommendations for supervisory practices are made...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454881/curcumin-treatment-leads-to-better-cognitive-and-mood-function-in-a-model-of-gulf-war-illness-with-enhanced-neurogenesis-and-alleviation-of-inflammation-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-the-hippocampus
#17
M Kodali, B Hattiangady, G A Shetty, A Bates, B Shuai, A K Shetty
Diminished cognitive and mood function are among the most conspicuous symptoms of Gulf WarIllness(GWI). Our previous studies in a rat model of GWI have demonstrated that persistent cognitive and mood impairments are associated with substantially declined neurogenesis, chronic low-grade inflammation, increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in the hippocampus. We tested the efficacy of curcumin (CUR) to maintain better cognitive and mood function in a rat model of GWI because of its neurogenic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, and memory and mood enhancing properties...
February 15, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454255/effects-of-adjunctive-eslicarbazepine-acetate-on-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-refractory-focal-onset-seizures
#18
Sergiusz Jóźwiak, P Veggiotti, J Moreira, H Gama, F Rocha, P Soares-da-Silva
PURPOSE: This was a phase-II, randomized, double-blind (DB), placebo-controlled study aimed to evaluate neurocognitive effects of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) as adjunctive therapy in pediatric patients with refractory focal-onset seizures (FOS). METHODS: Children (6-16years old) with FOS were randomized (2:1) to ESL or placebo. Treatment started at 10mg/kg/day, was up-titrated up to 30mg/kg/day (target dose), and maintained for 8weeks, followed by one-year open-label follow-up...
February 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453745/investigating-the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-impact-on-healthcare-usage-of-providing-a-cognitive-behavioural-based-psychological-therapy-service-for-patients-with-primary-antibody-deficiency
#19
Mari Campbell, Alex Clarke, Andrew Symes, Sarita Workman, Hans Stauss, A David Webster
PURPOSE: Patients with primary antibody deficiency report poorer quality of life and higher rates of anxiety and depression than the general population. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to be a valuable treatment for patients with other long-term physical health conditions, improving well-being and enabling them to manage their symptoms more effectively. The aim of this project was to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of providing cognitive-behavioral based therapy to patients with primary antibody deficiency...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452980/association-between-smoking-cessation-and-weight-gain-in-treatment-seeking-african-americans
#20
Marcia M Tan, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Ken Resnicow, Noella A Dietz, Michael H Antoni, Monica Webb Hooper
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown that African Americans gain more than average weight after smoking cessation. However, African Americans have been underrepresented in post-cessation weight gain research. The current study examined 1) the pattern of weight gain and 2) the association between smoking status and weight gain in a sample of African Americans seeking smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Data were drawn from a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a 4-week culturally specific smoking cessation cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention among African American smokers (N = 342)...
February 3, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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