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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#1
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549161/cigarette-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-buprenorphine-treatment-patients
#2
Sharon M Hall, Gary Humfleet, James Gasper, Kevin L Delucchi, David Hersh, Joseph Guydish
Introduction: Patients receiving Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder have high cigarette smoking rates. Cigarette smoking interventions have had limited success. We evaluated an intervention to increase cigarette abstinence rates in patients receiving buprenorphine-assisted therapy. Methods: Cigarette smokers (N=175; 78% male; 69% Caucasian; 20% Hispanic), recruited from a buprenorphine clinic were randomly assigned to either an extended innovative system intervention (E-ISI) or to Standard Treatment Control (STC)...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#3
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545756/cognitive-behavioral-family-treatment-for-suicide-attempt-prevention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Jennifer L Hughes, Kalina N Babeva, Catherine A Sugar
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death. New data indicate alarming increases in suicide death rates, yet no treatments with replicated efficacy or effectiveness exist for youths with self-harm presentations, a high-risk group for both fatal and nonfatal suicide attempts. We addressed this gap by evaluating Safe Alternatives for Teens and Youths (SAFETY), a cognitive-behavioral, dialectical behavior therapy-informed family treatment designed to promote safety. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial for adolescents (12-18 years of age) with recent (past 3 months) suicide attempts or other self-harm...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545580/early-response-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-syndromes-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#5
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael J Lambert, Wolfgang Hiller
BACKGROUND: Early dramatic treatment response suggests a subset of patients who respond to treatment before most of it has been offered. These early responders tend to be over represented among those who are well at termination and at follow-up. Early response patterns in psychotherapy have been investigated only for a few of mental disorders so far. The main aim of the current study was to examine early response after five therapy-preparing sessions of a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for syndromes of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545578/the-effect-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-in-cognitive-functions-and-psychological-well-being-applied-as-an-early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-and-high-risk-mental-state-in-a-chilean-sample-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Álvaro I Langer, Carlos Schmidt, Rocío Mayol, Marcela Díaz, Javiera Lecaros, Edwin Krogh, Aída Pardow, Carolina Vergara, Guillermo Vergara, Bernardita Pérez-Herrera, María José Villar, Alejandro Maturana, Pablo A Gaspar
BACKGROUND: According to the projections of the World Health Organization, 15% of all disabilities will be associated with mental illnesses by 2020. One of the mental disorders with the largest social impacts due to high personal and family costs is psychosis. Among the most effective psychological approaches to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders at the world level is cognitive behavioral therapy. Recently, cognitive behavioral therapy has introduced several tools and strategies that promote psychological processes based on acceptance and mindfulness...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542026/combination-drug-therapy-of-pioglitazone-and-d-cycloserine-attenuates-chronic-orofacial-neuropathic-pain-and-anxiety-by-improving-mitochondrial-function-following-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#7
Danielle N Lyons, Liping Zhang, Jignesh D Pandya, Robert J Danaher, Fei Ma, Craig S Miller, Patrick G Sullivan, Cristian Sirbu, Karin N Westlund
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to determine how peripheral trigeminal nerve injury affects mitochondrial respiration and to test efficacy of combined treatment with two FDA approved drugs with potential for improving mitochondrial bioenergetics, pain and anxiety related behaviors in a chronic orofacial neuropathic pain mouse model. METHODS: Efficacy of (R)-(+)-4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone (D-cycloserine, DCS), an NMDA antagonist/agonist, and Pioglitazone (PIO), a selective agonist of nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was investigate in the trigeminal inflammatory compression (TIC) neuropathic nerve injury mouse model...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541464/quality-and-usability-of-arthritic-pain-self-management-apps-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
Priyanka Bhattarai, Tro Newton-John, Jane L Phillips
Objective.:  To appraise the quality and usability of currently available pain applications that could be used by community-dwelling older adults to self-manage their arthritic pain. Methods. : A systematic review. Searches were conducted in App Store and Google Play to identify pain self-management apps relevant to arthritic pain management. English language pain management apps providing pain assessment and documentation function and pain management education were considered for inclusion...
May 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541091/psychodynamic-therapy-as-efficacious-as-other-empirically-supported-treatments-a-meta-analysis-testing-equivalence-of-outcomes
#9
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy are most frequently applied to treat mental disorders. However, whether psychodynamic therapy is as efficacious as other empirically supported treatments is not yet clear. Thus, for the first time the equivalence of psychodynamic therapy to treatments established in efficacy was formally tested. The authors controlled for researcher allegiance effects by including representatives of psychodynamic therapy and CBT, the main rival psychotherapeutic treatments (adversarial collaboration)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541068/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-cbt-bisc-in-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Aaron J Blashill, Steven A Safren, Sabine Wilhelm, Jonathan Jampel, S Wade Taylor, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Body image disturbance is a distressing and interfering problem among many sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with elevated depressive symptoms and poor HIV self-care (e.g., antiretroviral therapy [ART] nonadherence). The current study tested the preliminary efficacy of a newly created intervention: cognitive-behavioral therapy for body image and self-care (CBT-BISC) for this population. METHOD: The current study entailed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial (N = 44) comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541060/metacognition-and-cognition-in-inpatient-mct-and-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-study-of-within-person-effects
#11
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Pål G Ulvenes, KariAnne Vrabel, Bruce E Wampold
Psychotherapists have long questioned what mediating processes are linked to outcome of psychotherapy. Few studies examining this question have assessed within-person changes in the process outcome relationship over time. The present study examined changes in cognition and metacognition over the course of therapy using a dataset from a randomized controlled trial comparing Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The sample included 74 patients measured on process and symptom instruments weekly throughout therapy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538871/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
Larissa Lyra, Luiz Eduardo Rizzo, Camila Sá Sunahara, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder. The manifestations of ASDs can have an important impact on learning and social functioning that may persist during adulthood. The aim here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for ASDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536989/development-and-evaluation-of-an-online-mental-health-program-for-medical-students
#13
Emily G Lattie, Jennifer L Duffecy, David C Mohr, Kathleen Kashima
OBJECTIVE: Medical school presents a time of psychological distress for many students, who are less likely than the general population to seek mental health treatment due to multiple treatment barriers. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) programs may be an acceptable option for medical students. This study aims to assess acceptability and usability of ThinkFeelDo, an iCBT program, and to examine the impact of the program on perceived stress, quality of life, and the development of cognitive and behavioral coping skills...
May 23, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536810/fibromyalgia-treating-pain-in-the-juvenile-patient
#14
REVIEW
Sabrina Gmuca, David D Sherry
Presently, evidence for the efficacy of medications for the treatment of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) is limited. While there are medications approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (duloxetine, milnacipran and pregabalin) for adults with fibromyalgia syndrome, there are none for the treatment of JFMS. A variety of medications have been prescribed for the treatment of JFMS, including (but not limited to) non-opioid analgesics, opioids, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants...
May 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534928/music-genetics-research-association-with-musicality-of-a-polymorphism-in-the-avpr1a-gene
#15
Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Alexandre Mauat da Silva, Thayne Woycinck Kowalski, Gustavo Schulz Gattino, Gustavo Andrade de Araujo, Felipe Grahl Figueiredo, Alice Tagliani-Ribeiro, Tatiana Roman, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, Lavínia Schuler-Faccini, Jaqueline Bohrer Schuch
Musicality is defined as a natural tendency, sensibility, knowledge, or talent to create, perceive, and play music. Musical abilities involve a great range of social and cognitive behaviors, which are influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. Although a number of studies have yielded insights into music genetics research, genes and biological pathways related to these traits are not fully understood. Our hypothesis in the current study is that genes associated with different behaviors could also influence the musical phenotype...
May 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530532/the-effect-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-social-skills-in-institutionalized-elderly-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Fatemeh Mohammadi, Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Seyedeh Ameneh Motallebi, Shahnaz Boosepasi
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific investigations on cognitive remediation in elderly patients with schizophrenia. The present study was aimed to examine the efficacy of cognitive remediation therapy on social skills in institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The study employed a randomized clinical trial. A total of 60 institutionalized elderly patients with schizophrenia from Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Tehran were selected and randomly allocated into two equal groups (control and intervention)...
May 22, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528567/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-positively-affects-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Lizanne E van den Akker, Heleen Beckerman, Emma H Collette, Jos Wr Twisk, Gijs Bleijenberg, Joost Dekker, Hans Knoop, Vincent de Groot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often restricts societal participation. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may alleviate MS-related fatigue, but evidence in literature is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of CBT to improve MS-related fatigue and participation. METHODS: In a multi-center, assessor-masked, randomized controlled trial, participants with severe MS-related fatigue were assigned to CBT or control treatment...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528015/the-mediating-effect-of-mindful-non-reactivity-in-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety
#19
Erik Hedman, Hugo Hesser, Erik Andersson, Erland Axelsson, Brjánn Ljótsson
Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of severe health anxiety, but little is known about mediators of treatment effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate mindful non-reactivity as a putative mediator of health anxiety outcome using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial. We assessed mindful non-reactivity using the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire-Non-Reactivity scale (FFMQ-NR) and health anxiety with the Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527272/-does-corticosteroid-treatment-during-the-pre-and-postnatal-periods-affect-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-newborns
#20
Marita Lardón, José Uberos, Eduardo Narbona
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoids, widely used in the perinatal period, may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of very low birth weight newborns treated with antenatal and/or postnatal corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which we included all very low birth weight babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2013...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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