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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913227/effects-of-bright-light-exposure-on-human-fear-conditioning-extinction-and-associated-prefrontal-activation
#1
Takuya Yoshiike, Motoyasu Honma, Naoto Yamada, Yoshiharu Kim, Kenichi Kuriyama
Bright light (BL) not only regulates human emotion and circadian physiology but can also directly modulate emotional memories. Impaired fear extinction and enhanced fear acquisition and consolidation are hallmarks of fear-circuitry disorders; thus, we tested whether BL facilitates fear extinction and inhibits fear acquisition. We randomly exposed 29 healthy humans to high- (9000 lx) or low-intensity light (<500 lx) for 15 min, near the nadir of the phase response to light, in a single-blind manner...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913093/recent-advances-in-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#2
A Ritchie, J M Kramer
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a debilitating condition that has a striking female predilection. Although the oral mucosa is normal in appearance, patients with BMS experience oral burning that most commonly localizes to the lips and tongue. BMS is a diagnosis of exclusion, and all underlying pathoses associated with allodynia must be ruled out prior to rendering the diagnosis. The etiopathogenesis of BMS remains poorly understood, and thus patient management is challenging. Data indicate that oral and systemic factors both contribute to the development and persistence of the condition...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911644/editorial-comment-on-karlsson-et-al-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Henrik Børsting Jacobsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909760/-epidemiology-etiology-and-treatment-of-patients-with-psychosis-and-co-morbid-substance-use-disorder
#4
Franz Moggi
Epidemiology, etiology and treatment of patients with psychosis and co-morbid substance use disorder Abstract. More than 25 years ago, when the research on the efficacy of treatments for patients with a comorbidity of psychosis and substance use disorder has been systematically started, some authors described the treatment of these patients as a "mission impossible". Approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia develop substance use disorders in the course of their life; about one third of them a comorbid alcohol use disorder and about one quarter a comorbid substance use disorder with other addictive substances...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909374/the-command-trial-of-cognitive-therapy-for-harmful-compliance-with-command-hallucinations-ctch-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-and-tolerability-in-the-uk
#5
Max Birchwood, Laura Mohan, Alan Meaden, Nick Tarrier, Shon Lewis, Til Wykes, Linda M Davies, Graham Dunn, Emmanuelle Peters, Maria Michail
OBJECTIVES: To explore service user experiences of a 9-month cognitive behavioural therapy for command hallucinations in the context of a randomised controlled trial including their views on acceptability and tolerability of the intervention. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews. SETTING: The study took place across three sites: Birmingham, Manchester and London. Interviews were carried out at the sites where therapy took place which included service bases and participants' homes...
June 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909302/affective-styles-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-clinical-validation-of-the-affective-style-questionnaire-asq
#6
Christina Totzeck, Tobias Teismann, Stefan G Hofmann, Ruth von Brachel, Xiao Chi Zhang, Verena Pflug, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders. Less is known about the association of affective styles and psychopathology. The 20-item "Affective Style Questionnaire" (ASQ) has been validated in nonclinical samples. The American and German validation studies resulted in a three-factor structure (concealing, adjusting, and tolerating). The present study aimed to investigate three aspects: (1) the validation of the ASQ within a clinical sample, (2) the examination of possible differences in affective styles between patients suffering from affective versus anxiety disorders, and (3) the association of affective styles and anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908771/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Laura G Cooney, Lauren W Milman, Liisa Hantsoo, Sara Kornfield, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, C Neill Epperson, Anuja Dokras
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and lifestyle modification (LS) versus LS alone on weight, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and stress response in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), overweight/obesity, and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: A 16-week pilot randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care PCOS center. PATIENT(S): Overweight/obese women with PCOS and depressive symptoms...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907557/effective-behavioral-changes-through-a-digital-mhealth-app-exploring-the-impact-of-hedonic-well-being-psychological-empowerment-and-inspiration
#8
Yuting Lin, Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Sarim Siddiqui, Yusuf Sherwani, Maroof Ahmed, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: New mobile health (mHealth) software apps are emerging and are providing the foundation to radically transform the practice and reach of medical research and care. For this study we collaborated with Quit Genius, a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based mHealth app that helps users quit smoking, to explore the effective design of a digital mHealth app; one that delivers important benefits to its users and helps them change their behaviors for a healthier lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of this study were to (1) explore the key role of CBT program progress, (2) examine the gamification design app elements that deliver significant benefits (ie, empowerment, well-being, inspiration) to users, (3) explore the effectiveness of these app elements to help users quit smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, and (4) identify and describe any potential drivers and hindrances arising from the app design elements...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906719/behavioral-activation-is-it-the-expectation-or-achievement-of-mastery-or-pleasure-that-contributes-to-improvement-in-depression
#9
Toshi A Furukawa, Hissei Imai, Masaru Horikoshi, Shinji Shimodera, Takahiro Hiroe, Tadashi Funayama, Tatsuo Akechi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) is receiving renewed interest as a stand-alone or as a component of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. However, few studies have examined which aspects of BA are most contributory to its efficacy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a 9-week randomized controlled trial of smartphone CBT for patients with major depression. Depression severity was measured at baseline and at end of treatment by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902736/computerized-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-patients-with-mild-to-moderately-severe-depression-in-primary-care-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-ktiv
#10
Margrit Löbner, Alexander Pabst, Janine Stein, Marie Dorow, Herbert Matschinger, Melanie Luppa, Astrid Maroß, Anette Kersting, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Self-guided computerized cognitive behavior therapy (cCBT) has the potential to be a feasible alternative to current first-step treatment approaches for depression. Yet, research regarding the effectiveness and acceptability of self-guided cCBT as an adjunct element of GP care is controversial. METHODS: Primary care patients with symptoms of mild to moderately severe depression (N = 647) were recruited from 112 GP practices within a cluster randomized controlled trial...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902020/pilot-intervention-for-discrimination-related-coping-among-hiv-positive-black-sexual-minority-men
#11
Laura M Bogart, Sannisha K Dale, Gary K Daffin, Kinjal N Patel, David J Klein, Kenneth H Mayer, David W Pantalone
OBJECTIVES: Discrimination is associated with worse health. Although interventions have been developed to improve coping with general stressors and chronic illness, no literature to date has reported the development and testing of an intervention specifically to address coping with discrimination. We examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of Still Climbin', a pilot intervention created to improve coping with discrimination experienced by HIV-positive Black sexual minority men, who face significant HIV-related disparities...
June 14, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901032/emotion-recognition-and-its-relation-to-prefrontal-function-and-network-in-heroin-plus-nicotine-dependence-a-pilot-study
#12
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Many patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) live in a stressful environment, and comorbidity is not uncommon. Understanding the neural mechanisms underlying heroin and nicotine dependences and their relationships to social cognition could facilitate behavioral therapy efficacy. We aimed to provide a translational approach that leads to identifying potential biomarkers for opioid use disorder (OUD) susceptibility during recovery. We examined the clinical characters and the relationships between theory of mind (ToM) and executive functions in three groups: heroin plus nicotine-dependent (HND) patients who had remained heroin abstinent ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
April 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898692/the-implementation-and-adherence-to-evidence-based-protocols-for-psychotherapy-for-depression-the-perspective-of-therapists-in-dutch-specialized-mental-healthcare
#13
Sanne J E Bruijniks, Gerdien Franx, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND: Although psychotherapy is an effective treatment for depression, a large number of patients still do not receive care according to the protocols that are used in clinical trials. Instead, patients often receive a modified version of the original intervention. It is not clear how and when treatment protocols are used or modified in the Dutch specialized mental health care and whether these changes lead to suboptimal adherence to treatment protocols. METHODS: In the context of an ongoing multicenter trial that investigates whether twice-weekly sessions of protocolized interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression lead to better treatment outcomes compared to once-weekly sessions, two focus groups using semi-structured interviews were organized...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898196/pituitary-gland-volumes-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#14
Murad Atmaca, Hanefi Yildirim, Seda Yilmaz, Neslihan Caglar, Sema Baykara, Yasemin Kekilli, Filiz Koseoglu, Hakan Turkcapar
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effects of psychopharmacological and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on the brain are not well understood. In a previous study, we found smaller pituitary volumes in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CBT on pituitary gland volume. METHODS: A total of 81 patients with various anxiety disorders and the same number of healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging, and their pituitary gland volumes were compared at baseline...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898192/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-neurotrophic-factors-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Sally K da Silva, Carolina Wiener, Gabriele Ghisleni, Jean P Oses, Karen Jansen, Mariane L Molina, Ricardo Silva, Luciano D Souza
OBJECTIVE: To correlate neurotrophic factors - brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and beta-nerve growth factor (beta-NGF) - and severity of depressive symptoms in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) undergoing cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, participants were selected by convenience and received 16 sessions of CBT. The outcomes of interest were severity of depressive symptoms and changes in neurotrophic factor levels after CBT...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897921/economic-evaluations-of-ehealth-technologies-a-systematic-review
#16
Chiranjeev Sanyal, Paul Stolee, Don Juzwishin, Don Husereau
BACKGROUND: Innovations in eHealth technologies have the potential to help older adults live independently, maintain their quality of life, and to reduce their health system dependency and health care expenditure. The objective of this study was to systematically review and appraise the quality of cost-effectiveness or utility studies assessing eHealth technologies in study populations involving older adults. METHODS: We systematically searched multiple databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, NHS EED, and PsycINFO) for peer-reviewed studies published in English from 2000 to 2016 that examined cost-effectiveness (or utility) of eHealth technologies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896716/animal-tests-for-evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-neonatal-mouse
#17
Ahmad Salimi, Jalal Pourahmad
For a long time, mice have been less popular than rats for studying cognitive impairment, mainly because much less neuroanatomical and neurochemical information was available on mice than on rats. Over the recent years, the generation of many types of transgenic mice has brought mice to the forefront of this research. Genetically modified mouse models have demonstrated useful to search memory and learning processes and the neurocircuitry and molecular mechanisms involved, as well as to extend therapies for cognitive impairment...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895249/strategies-for-continued-successful-treatment-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-overview-of-switching-between-pharmacological-agents
#18
Rafael Blesa, Kazuhiro Toriyama, Kengo Ueda, Sean Knox, George Grossberg
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, characterized by a progressive decline in cognition and function. Current treatment options for AD include the cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) donepezil, galantamine, and rivastigmine, as well as the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist memantine. Treatment guidelines recommend the use of ChEIs as standard of care first-line therapy. Several randomized clinical studies have demonstrated the benefits of ChEIs on cognition, global function, behavior and activities of daily living...
June 12, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895001/cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-therapy-in-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Simone Salzer, Annette Stefini, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller, Eric Leibing, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Henningsen, Hamid Peseschkian, Günter Reich, Rita Rosner, Uwe Ruhl, Yvonne Schopf, Christiane Steinert, Eva Vonderlin, Regina Steil
BACKGROUND: Although social anxiety disorder (SAD) has an early onset and is frequently found in adolescence, evidence for psychotherapeutic treatments of SAD in adolescents is rather scarce. Within the Social Phobia Psychotherapy Research Network (SOPHO-NET), we examined the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) compared to a waiting list (WL) in these patients. METHODS: In a multicenter randomized controlled superiority trial, 107 patients, aged 14-20 years, were randomized to CBT (n = 34), PDT (n = 34), or WL (n = 39)...
June 12, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894598/neural-responsiveness-to-reward-as-an-index-of-depressive-symptom-change-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-ssri-treatment
#20
Katie L Burkhouse, Stephanie M Gorka, Heide Klumpp, Amy E Kennedy, Shannon Karich, Jennifer Francis, Olusola Ajilore, Michelle G Craske, Scott A Langenecker, Stewart A Shankman, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan
OBJECTIVE: Reward positivity (RewP), a neurophysiologic index of reward responsivity, is consistently reduced in participants with depression and, to a lesser extent, anxiety. It remains unknown, however, whether RewP can be altered as psychiatric symptoms change with treatment. The current study addressed this question by examining differences in RewP within patients before and after 12 weeks of treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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