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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690770/repeated-interoceptive-exposure-in-individuals-with-high-and-low-anxiety-sensitivity
#1
Katharina Holtz, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
Interoceptive exposure is one component in cognitive behavioral therapy of panic disorder. The present investigation addressed changes in defensive mobilization during repeated interoceptive exposure using a standardized hyperventilation procedure. 26 high and 22 low anxiety sensitive persons (ASI, Peterson & Reiss, 1992) went through two guided hyperventilation and normoventilation procedures, spaced one week apart. Breathing parameters, startle response magnitudes and symptom reports were measured. All participants successfully adhered to the guided breathing procedures...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688639/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-clinical-activity-in-israel
#2
Yuval Bloch
This editorial relates to the study published in the current issue on how our current knowledge is practiced in screening, diagnosing and treating children suffering from ADHD in Israel. It seems that there is an awareness of the disorder by parents and teachers, thus there is no need for community screening. The roles of the different medical professions: pediatricians (after receiving training on ADHD), child neurologists and child psychiatrists are not clear enough and thus services are not utilized properly...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687457/a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-improve-emotion-regulation-in-children-with-autism
#3
Jonathan A Weiss, Kendra Thomson, Priscilla Burnham Riosa, Carly Albaum, Victoria Chan, Andrea Maughan, Paula Tablon, Karen Black
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and difficulties with emotion regulation processes may underlie these issues. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is considered an efficacious treatment for anxiety in children with ASD. Additional research is needed to examine the efficacy of a transdiagnostic treatment approach, whereby the same treatment can be applied to multiple emotional problems, beyond solely anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a manualized and individually delivered 10-session, transdiagnostic CBT intervention, aimed at improving emotion regulation and mental health difficulties in children with ASD...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687164/central-noradrenergic-interactions-with-alcohol-and-regulation-of-alcohol-related-behaviors
#4
Elena M Vazey, Carolina R den Hartog, David E Moorman
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) results from disruption of a number of neural systems underlying motivation, emotion, and cognition. Patients with AUD exhibit not only elevated motivation for alcohol but heightened stress and anxiety, and disruptions in cognitive domains such as decision-making. One system at the intersection of these functions is the central norepinephrine (NE) system. This catecholaminergic neuromodulator, produced by several brainstem nuclei, plays profound roles in a wide range of behaviors and functions, including arousal, attention, and other aspects of cognition, motivation, emotional regulation, and control over basic physiological processes...
April 24, 2018: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686643/inhibition-of-mtorc1-signaling-reverts-cognitive-and-affective-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Débora Masini, Alessandra Bonito-Oliva, Maëlle Bertho, Gilberto Fisone
Non-motor symptoms, including cognitive deficits and affective disorders, are frequently diagnosed in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and are only partially alleviated by dopamine replacement therapy. Here, we used a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) mouse model of PD to examine the effects exerted on non-motor symptoms by inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), which is involved in the control of protein synthesis, cell growth, and metabolism. We show that rapamycin, which acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1, counteracts the impairment of novel object recognition...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684586/targeted-biochemical-profiling-of-brain-from-huntington-s-disease-patients-reveals-novel-metabolic-pathways-of-interest
#6
Stewart F Graham, Xiaobei Pan, Ali Yilmaz, Shirin Macias, Andrew Robinson, David Mann, Brian D Green
Huntington's disease (HD) is a devastating, progressive neurodegenerative disease with a distinct phenotype characterized by chorea and dystonia, incoordination, cognitive decline and behavioral difficulties. The precise mechanisms of HD progression are poorly understood; however, it is known that there is an expansion of the trinucleotide cytosine-guanosine-guanine (CAG) repeat in the Huntingtin gene. Herein DI/LC-MS/MS was used to accurately identify and quantify 185 metabolites in post mortem frontal lobe and striatum from HD patients and healthy control cases...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684136/effects-of-a-group-mediated-exercise-and-dietary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy-results-from-the-idea-p-trial
#8
Brian C Focht, Alexander R Lucas, Elizabeth Grainger, Christina Simpson, Ciaran M Fairman, Jennifer M Thomas-Ahner, Jackie Buell, J Paul Monk, Amir Mortazavi, Steven K Clinton
Background: Although androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) is the foundation of treatment for prostate cancer, the physiological impacts of ADT result in functional decline and enhanced risk of chronic disease and metabolic syndrome. Purpose: The Individualized Diet and Exercise Adherence Pilot Trial (IDEA-P) is a single-blind, randomized, pilot trial comparing the effects of a group-mediated, cognitive-behavioral (GMCB) exercise and dietary intervention (EX+D) with those of a standard-of-care (SC) control during the treatment of prostate cancer patients undergoing ADT...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680979/phencyclidine-and-scopolamine-for-modeling-amnesia-in-rodents-direct-comparison-with-the-use-of-barnes-maze-test-and-contextual-fear-conditioning-test-in-mice
#9
Natalia Malikowska-Racia, Adrian Podkowa, Kinga Sałat
Nowadays cognitive impairments are a growing unresolved medical issue which may accompany many diseases and therapies, furthermore, numerous researchers investigate various neurobiological aspects of human memory to find possible ways to improve it. Until any other method is discovered, in vivo studies remain the only available tool for memory evaluation. At first, researchers need to choose a model of amnesia which may strongly influence observed results. Thereby a deeper insight into a model itself may increase the quality and reliability of results...
April 21, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680728/respiratory-subtype-of-panic-disorder-can-serum-phosphate-levels-be-a-possible-outcome-to-group-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#10
Pedro Beria, Ana Cristina W Viana, Andressa Behenck, Elizeth Heldt, Gisele Gus Manfro, Carolina Blaya Dreher
OBJECTIVE: Panic disorder (PD) respiratory subtype (RS) was described in order to cluster patients according to their symptoms. These patients are characterized by experiencing a relatively high number of noticeable respiratory symptoms during a panic attack (PA) and a higher reactivity to CO2 . In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical relevance of this diagnostic category, evaluating if there are different responses to cognitive-behavioral therapy in patients with panic disorder RS as compared to those with the non-respiratory subtype (NRS), using serum phosphate as a biological marker...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680294/klinefelter-syndrome-the-effects-of-early-androgen-therapy-on-competence-and-behavioral-phenotype
#11
REVIEW
Ryan Flannigan, Premal Patel, Darius A Paduch
INTRODUCTION: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the result of sex chromosome aneuploidy most often characterized as 47,XXY. The typical features of KS include tall stature, gynecomastia, small firm testicles, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and infertility. However, abnormalities in neurodevelopment, cognition, and social and behavioral functioning also can be present. The abnormalities in neurodevelopment are believed to be due in part to androgen deficiency during early development and puberty...
April 18, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678804/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-treatment-with-telephone-support-for-postpartum-women-with-anxiety-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Miriam T Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane Rw Fisher, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety can have adverse effects on the mother and child if left untreated. Time constraints and stigma are common barriers to postpartum treatment. Web-based treatments offer potential flexibility and anonymity. What Am I Worried About (WaWa) is a self-guided treatment based on cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness principles for women experiencing postpartum anxiety. WaWa was developed in Australia and consists of 9 modules with optional weekly telephone support...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678563/pilot-randomized-trial-of-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-neuromuscular-training-for-juvenile-fibromyalgia-the-fit-teens-program
#13
Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, William R Black, Megan Pfeiffer, James Peugh, Sara E Williams, Tracy V Ting, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Gregory D Myer
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) improves coping and daily functioning in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), but is less effective in reducing pain. This pilot trial evaluated the efficacy of a novel intervention (Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens; FIT Teens) which integrates CBT with specialized neuromuscular exercise training to enhance the impact of treatment on reducing pain and disability. Forty adolescents with JFM (12-18 years) were randomized to CBT-only or FIT Teens. Treatment was conducted in group-based sessions over 8 weeks with assessments at baseline, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up (primary endpoint)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678195/does-sensorimotor-upper-limb-therapy-post-stroke-alter-behavior-and-brain-connectivity-differently-compared-to-motor-therapy-protocol-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Nele De Bruyn, Bea Essers, Liselot Thijs, Annick Van Gils, Lisa Tedesco Triccas, Sarah Meyer, Kaat Alaerts, Geert Verheyden
BACKGROUND: The role of somatosensory feedback in motor performance has been warranted in the literature. Although sensorimotor deficits are common after stroke, current rehabilitation approaches primarily focus on restoring upper limb motor ability. Evidence for integrative sensorimotor rehabilitation approaches is scarce, as is knowledge about neural correlates of somatosensory impairments after stroke and the effect of rehabilitation on brain connectivity level. Therefore, we aim to investigate changes in sensorimotor function and brain connectivity following a sensorimotor therapy program compared to an attention-matched motor therapy program for the upper limb after stroke...
April 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678193/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-with-prolonged-grief-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Rita Rosner, Eline Rimane, Anna Vogel, Jörn Rau, Maria Hagl
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has emerged as a well-defined and relatively common mental disorder that will be included in the upcoming revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Recent trials with grief-specific, mostly cognitive behavioral interventions for patients with a clinically relevant diagnosis of PGD showed large effect sizes. However, a small trial suggested that non-specific behavioral activation might suffice to improve PGD. So, more evidence for the relative efficacy of grief-specific treatments is needed, as is more research on the predictors of treatment success...
April 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677451/treatment-features-associated-with-youth-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-follow-up-effects-for-internalizing-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#16
Michael Sun, Leslie R Rith-Najarian, Timothy J Williamson, Bruce F Chorpita
Our aim was to investigate whether four treatment features (i.e., the inclusion of parental involvement, goal-setting strategies, maintenance/relapse prevention sessions, the addition of booster sessions) were associated with posttreatment and follow-up effect size of youth cognitive behavioral therapies (yCBTs) for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder in age groups spanning young children to adolescents. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis of 106 yCBTs tested in 76 randomized clinical trials from the PracticeWise Database to examine average effects of yCBTs posttreatment and at a later follow-up assessment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676960/psychotherapy-targeting-depression-and-anxiety-for-use-in-palliative-care-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jessica J Fulton, Amie R Newins, Laura S Porter, Katherine Ramos
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in the treatment of depression and anxiety with palliative care populations is primarily limited to individuals having specific conditions such as cancer. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the effect of psychotherapy on depression and anxiety among individuals with any condition appropriate for palliative care. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases until August 2017...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673974/randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-supportive-psychotherapy-telehealth-interventions-for-chronic-back-pain
#18
Thomas Rutledge, J Hampton Atkinson, Rachael Holloway, Tatiana Chircop-Rollick, John D'Andrea, Steven R Garfin, Shetal Patel, Donald B Penzien, Mark Wallace, Anne L Weickgenant, Mark Slater
This study evaluated a nurse-delivered, telehealth intervention of cognitive behavioral therapy versus supportive psychotherapy for chronic back pain. Participants (N=61) had chronic back pain (pain "daily" ≥ 6 months at an intensity ≥4/10 scale) and were randomized to an 8-week, 12-session, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or to Supportive Care (SC) matched for frequency, format, and time, with each treatment delivered by a primary care nurse. The primary outcome was the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673379/erythropoietin-as-an-add-on-treatment-for-cognitive-side-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lejla Sjanic Schmidt, Jeff Zarp Petersen, Maj Vinberg, Ida Hageman, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for severe depression, but its use is impeded by its cognitive side effects. Novel treatments that can counteract these side effects may therefore improve current treatment strategies for depression. The present randomized trial investigates (1) whether short-term add-on treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) can reduce the cognitive side -effects of ECT and (2) whether such effects are long-lasting. Further, structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used to explore the neural underpinnings of such beneficial effects of EPO...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671524/light-therapy-improves-behavioral-disturbances-sleep-depression-in-older-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#20
Henry C Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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