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Anxiety Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738451/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#1
Yuman Kawoos, Zaid A Wani, Showkat A Kadla, Irfan A Shah, Arshad Hussain, M Maqbool Dar, Mushtaq A Margoob, Kouser Sideeq
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic psycho-physiological disorder. It is considered to be the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder, and about 50.0-90.0% of IBS patients have associated psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to study psychiatric comorbidities in patients with IBS visiting a tertiary care center. Methods: This was a cross-sectional case-control study conducted over a duration of one and a half years from January 2014 to July 2015...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738315/dimensions-of-parenting-among-mothers-and-fathers-in-relation-to-social-anxiety-among-female-adolescents
#2
Teah-Marie Bynion, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Sarah A Bilsky, Renee M Cloutier, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
Social anxiety is the most common anxiety disorder among youth; theoretical and empirical work suggest specific parenting behaviors may be relevant. However, findings are inconsistent, particularly in terms of maternal as compared to paternal effects. In the current study, we evaluated the indirect effects of perceived psychological control on the relation between anxious rearing behaviors and child social anxiety among 112 community-recruited girls (ages 12-15 years). In addition to self-report, adolescent participants completed a laboratory-based social stress task...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738110/validation-of-the-korean-migraine-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire-version-2-1-in-episodic-and-chronic-migraine
#3
Jong-Geun Seo, Sung-Pa Park
AIMS: To evaluate the validity of the Korean Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire version 2.1 (K-MSQ v 2.1) in patients with episodic migraine (EM) or chronic migraine (CM). METHODS: Subjects were recruited from a headache clinic and completed several self-report instruments, including the K-MSQ v 2.1, the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS), the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6), the Migraine-Specific Quality of Life (MSQoL), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7)...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738097/impact-of-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-internet-users
#4
Samuelon R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Internet use is pervasive in many cultures. Little is known about the impact of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) symptoms on impulsive and compulsive psychopathologies in people who use the Internet. METHODS: Adult Internet users (N = 1,323) completed an online questionnaire quantifying OCPD symptoms, likely occurrence of select mental disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], problematic Internet use, generalized anxiety disorder), and personality questionnaires of impulsivity and compulsivity...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737954/an-app-a-day-keeps-the-doctor-away-guided-education-and-training-via-smartphones-in-subthreshold-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Michael J Roy, Michelle E Costanzo, Krista B Highland, Cara Olsen, Denece Clayborne, Wendy Law
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are common in military service members (SMs), but stigma can impede treatment initiation. Smartphone applications (apps) are available anywhere, anytime, with the potential to both mitigate the impact of stigma and reduce PTSD symptom severity. We provided 144 SMs or family members, with subthreshold PTSD symptoms (PTSD Checklist [PCL] scores of 28-49), with apps promoting psychoeducation, social engagement, and relaxation and randomized them to 6 weeks of resilience enhancement (brief cognitive-behavioral session, followed by daily text messages directing app use) or a control group (daily text messages of inspirational quotes)...
July 24, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737269/concordance-between-self-reported-and-observer-rated-anxiety-severity-in-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#6
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Erik J Giltay, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety severity measures can be self-report or observer-rated. Although mostly these measures concur, they can diverge markedly. We examined concordance between two anxiety scales: the observer-rated Brief Anxiety Scale (BAS) and the self-report Brief Symptom Inventory 12-item version (BSI-12), and described associations between patient characteristics and discordance. DESIGN: The study used an observational design, using prospective data from 2,007 outpatients with DSM-IV-TR panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737225/psychostimulant-effect-of-dopaminergic-treatment-and-addictions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Benoit Delpont, Eugénie Lhommée, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Valérie Fraix, Anna Castrioto, Jean-Louis Quesada, Pierre Pélissier, Andrea Kistner, Sébastien Carnicella, Christian Lüscher, Emmanuel Broussolle, Pierre Pollak, Stéphane Thobois, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Dopamine replacement therapy in PD has been associated with both behavioral addictions and dopamine addiction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate potential association between l-dopa induced neuropsychiatric fluctuations and addictions in PD. METHODS: A cohort of 102 patients with PD suffering from motor complications of l-dopa treatment was prospectively analyzed. We evaluated dopamine addiction, behavioral addictions, and neuropsychiatric fluctuations using the Ardouin scale of behavior in PD...
July 24, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#8
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736915/anxiety-symptoms-and-children-s-eye-gaze-during-fear-learning
#9
Kalina J Michalska, Laura Machlin, Elizabeth Moroney, Daniel S Lowet, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Bruno B Averbeck, Melissa A Brotman, Eric E Nelson, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine
BACKGROUND: The eye region of the face is particularly relevant for decoding threat-related signals, such as fear. However, it is unclear if gaze patterns to the eyes can be influenced by fear learning. Previous studies examining gaze patterns in adults find an association between anxiety and eye gaze avoidance, although no studies to date examine how associations between anxiety symptoms and eye-viewing patterns manifest in children. The current study examined the effects of learning and trait anxiety on eye gaze using a face-based fear conditioning task developed for use in children...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736608/interrelationship-between-insistence-on-sameness-effortful-control-and-anxiety-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#10
Mirko Uljarević, Amanda L Richdale, David W Evans, Ru Ying Cai, Susan R Leekam
BACKGROUND: Both self-regulation and insistence on sameness (IS) are related to anxiety, which is a common feature of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here, we aimed to characterise the IS-self-regulation-anxiety interrelationship by investigating the potential contribution made by self-regulation, assessed via effortful control (EC), to the IS-anxiety relationship in a sample of adolescents and young adults with ASD. METHOD: Seventy-one older adolescents and younger adults with ASD (49 males, 22 females; Mage = 18...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736544/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-eating-disordered-patients-associations-with-heart-rate-variability-and-state-trait-anxiety
#11
Cristina Giner-Bartolome, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Trevor Steward, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda
Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly present in individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and is often employed as a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy to avoid or abate negative emotions. One of the most prevalent negative emotions experienced by self-injurers is anxiety; however, this emotion has not been extensively studied in this population. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of anxiety on NSSI in patients with ED from two different dimensions: state anxiety and trait anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736515/heidelberg-neuro-music-therapy-enhances-task-negative-activity-in-tinnitus-patients
#12
Christoph M Krick, Heike Argstatter, Miriam Grapp, Peter K Plinkert, Wolfgang Reith
Background: Suffering from tinnitus causes mental distress in most patients. Recent findings point toward a diminished activity of the brain's default-mode network (DMN) in subjects with mental disorders including depression or anxiety and also recently in subjects with tinnitus-related distress. We recently developed a therapeutic intervention, namely the Heidelberg Neuro-Music Therapy (HNMT), which shows an effective reduction of tinnitus-related distress following a 1-week short-term treatment. This approach offers the possibility to evaluate the neural changes associated with the improvements in tinnitus distress...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735826/affron-%C3%A2-a-novel-saffron-extract-crocus-sativus-l-improves-mood-in-healthy-adults-over-4-weeks-in-a-double-blind-parallel-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Graham Kell, Amanda Rao, Gavin Beccaria, Paul Clayton, Antonio Manuel Inarejos-García, Marin Prodanov
BACKGROUND: In recent years phytotherapy has been explored as a source for alternative treatments for mood disorders. One potential candidate is saffron (Crocus sativus L.), whose main bioactive components are crocins and safranal. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of affron(®), a standardised stigmas extract from Crocus sativus L. for improving mood, stress, anxiety and sleep quality in healthy adults. METHODS: In this 3 arm study, 128 participants self-reporting low mood but not diagnosed with depression, were given affron(®) at 28mg/day, 22mg/day, or a placebo treatment in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial for 4 weeks...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735779/a-systematic-review-of-variables-associated-with-sleep-paralysis
#14
REVIEW
Dan Denis, Christopher C French, Alice M Gregory
Sleep paralysis is a relatively common but under-researched phenomenon. While the causes are unknown, a number of studies have investigated potential risk factors. In this article, we conducted a systematic review on the available literature regarding variables associated with both the frequency and intensity of sleep paralysis episodes. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. For each study, sample size, study site, sex and age of participants, sleep paralysis measure, and results of analyses looking at the relationship(s) between sleep paralysis and associated variable(s) were extracted...
June 8, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#15
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735699/establishing-clinical-cutoffs-for-response-and-remission-on-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-scared
#16
Nicole E Caporino, Dara Sakolsky, Douglas M Brodman, Joseph F McGuire, John Piacentini, Tara S Peris, Golda S Ginsburg, John T Walkup, Satish Iyengar, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal percent reduction and raw score cutoffs on the parent- and child-report Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) for predicting treatment response and remission among youth with anxiety disorders. METHOD: Data were obtained from youth (N = 438; 7-17 years old) who completed treatment in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study, a multisite, randomized clinical trial that examined the relative efficacy of medication (sertraline), cognitive-behavioral therapy (Coping Cat), their combination, and pill placebo for the treatment of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#17
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735579/directed-threat-imagery-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#19
C Buff, C Schmidt, L Brinkmann, B Gathmann, S Tupak, T Straube
BACKGROUND: Worrying has been suggested to prevent emotional and elaborative processing of fears. In cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) patients are exposed to their fears during the method of directed threat imagery by inducing emotional reactivity. However, studies investigating neural correlates of directed threat imagery and emotional reactivity in GAD patients are lacking. The present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study aimed at delineating neural correlates of directed threat imagery in GAD patients...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735566/attachment-and-personality-disorders-among-child-molesters-the-role-of-trust
#20
Carlo Garofalo, Stefan Bogaerts
The present study investigated multivariate associations between attachment styles and personality disorders (PDs)-and the mediating role of trust-in a sample of child molesters ( n = 84) and a matched control group from the general community ( n = 80). Among child molesters, canonical correlation analysis revealed that two variates resembling avoidant and anxious attachment dimensions were associated with PD traits. Attachment avoidance was related to schizoid, schizotypal, and avoidant PDs, with a marginal contribution of antisocial PD...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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