Read by QxMD icon Read


Lifei Li, Jianlin Guo, Yanhui Chen, Cuifang Chang, Cunshuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Rat liver regeneration (LR) proceeds along a process of highly organized and ordered tissue growth in response to the loss or injury of liver tissue, during which many physiological processes may play important roles. The molecular mechanism of hepatocyte proliferation, energy metabolism and substance metabolism during rat LR had been elucidated. Further, the correlation of circular RNA (circRNA) abundance with proliferation has recently been clarified. However, the regulatory capacity of circRNA in rat LR remains a fascinating topic...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
Peifei Li, Huilin Chen, Shengcan Chen, Xiaoyan Mo, Tianwen Li, Bingxiu Xiao, Rui Yu, Junming Guo
BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs broadly expressed in cells of various species. Their role in cancers, especially in gastric cancer, is poorly understood. METHODS: Circular RNA 0000096 (hsa_circ_0000096) levels in 101 paired gastric cancer tissues and adjacent non-tumorous tissues from patients with gastric cancer were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. A receiver operating characteristic curve was generated to evaluate the diagnostic value of hsa_circ_0000096...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
Kotb Abdelmohsen, Amaresh C Panda, Rachel Munk, Ioannis Grammatikakis, Dawood B Dudekula, Supriyo De, Jiyoung Kim, Ji Heon Noh, Kyoung Mi Kim, Jennifer L Martindale, Myriam Gorospe
HuR influences gene expression programs and hence cellular phenotypes by binding to hundreds of coding and noncoding linear RNAs. However, whether HuR binds to circular RNAs (circRNAs) and impacts on their function is unknown. Here, we have identified en masse circRNAs binding HuR in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. One of the most prominent HuR target circRNAs was hsa_circ_0031288, renamed CircPABPN1 as it arises from the PABPN1 pre-mRNA. Further analyses revealed that HuR did not influence CircPABPN1 abundance; interestingly, however, high levels of CircPABPN1 suppressed HuR binding to PABPN1 mRNA...
January 12, 2017: RNA Biology
Chun-Mei Tang, Ming Zhang, Lei Huang, Zhi-Qin Hu, Jie-Ning Zhu, Zhen Xiao, Zhuo Zhang, Qiu-Xiong Lin, Xi-Long Zheng, Min -Yang, Shu-Lin Wu, Jian-Ding Cheng, Zhi-Xin Shan
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in regulating gene expression in diverse biological and pathological processes. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the modulation of circRNA_000203 on expressions of fibrosis-associated genes in cardiac fibroblasts. CircRNA_000203 was shown upregulated in the diabetic mouse myocardium and in Ang-II-induced mouse cardiac fibroblasts. Enforced-expression of circRNA_000203 could increase expressions of Col1a2, Col3a1 and α-SMA in mouse cardiac fibroblasts...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yingying Zhang, Yao Zhang, Xueqin Li, Mengying Zhang, Kun Lv
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are generated from diverse genomic locations and are a new player in the regulation of post-transcriptional gene expression. Recent studies have revealed that circRNAs play a crucial role in fine-tuning the level of microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation of gene expression by sequestering miRNAs. The interaction of circRNAs with disease-associated miRNAs suggests that circRNAs are important in the pathology of disease. However, the effects and roles of circRNAs in macrophage polarization have yet to be explored...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Junchao Xue, Yang Liu, Fei Luo, Xiaolin Lu, Hui Xu, Xinlu Liu, Lu Lu, Qianlei Yang, Chao Chen, Weimin Fan, Qizhan Liu
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a class of noncoding RNAs generated from pre-mRNAs, participate in regulation of genes. The mechanism for regulation, however, is unknown. Here, to determine if, in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells, circular RNAs are involved in arsenite-induced acceleration of the cell cycle, a circRNA microarray was performed to analyze the variability of circRNAs in arsenite-treated HaCaT (As-HaCaT) cells and in arsenite-transformed (T-HaCaT) cells in comparison to control HaCaT cells. Among the circRNAs up-regulated in both As-HaCaT cells and T-HaCaT cells, hsa:circRNA_100284 (circ100284) had the greatest increase and was chosen for further research...
January 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yeping Dong, Dan He, Zhenzi Peng, Wei Peng, Wenwen Shi, Jun Wang, Bin Li, Chunfang Zhang, Chaojun Duan
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of endogendous RNAs that form a covalently closed continuous loop and exist extensively in mammalian cells. Majority of circRNAs are conserved across species and often show tissue/developmental stage-specific expression. CircRNAs were first thought to be the result of splicing error; however, subsequent research shows that circRNAs can function as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and regulate splicing and transcription. Emerging evidence shows that circRNAs possess closely associated with human diseases, especially cancers, and may serve as better biomarkers...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Zhenzhou Zhao, Xuejie Li, Chuanyu Gao, Dongdong Jian, Peiyuan Hao, Lixin Rao, Muwei Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the peripheral blood of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and the potential use of circRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers of CAD. We first analysed peripheral blood circRNAs of 12 CAD patients and 12 control individuals by RNA microarray and found that 22 circRNAs were differentially expressed between these two groups: 12 were upregulated, and 10 were downregulated. Then, we selected 5 circRNAs as candidate biomarkers under stricter screening criteria and verified them in another group of subjects consisting of 30 control individuals and 30 CAD patients with different SYNTAX scores...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mariela Cortés-López, Pedro Miura
Many thousands of Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently been identified in metazoan genomes by transcriptome-wide sequencing. Most circRNAs are generated by back-splicing events from exons of protein-coding genes. A great deal of progress has recently been made in understanding the genome-wide expression patterns, biogenesis, and regulation of circRNAs. To date, however, few functions of circRNAs have been identified. CircRNAs are preferentially expressed in neural tissues and some are found at synapses, suggesting possible functions in the nervous system...
December 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Jia-Ni Guo, Jin Li, Chang-Li Zhu, Wan-Ting Feng, Jing-Xian Shao, Li Wan, Ming-de Huang, Jing-Dong He
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, despite great progress in cancer research, the detailed mechanisms of colorectal cancer (CRC) are still poorly understood. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a new star of the non-coding RNA network, have been identified as critical regulators in various cancers, including CRC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, by using unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis, a novel dysregulated circRNA, hsa_circ_0000069, was found. The expression of hsa_circ_0000069 was measured in 30 paired CRC tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues using quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Haimin Li, Xiaokun Hao, Huimin Wang, Zhengcai Liu, Yong He, Meng Pu, Hongtao Zhang, Hengchao Yu, Juanli Duan, Shibin Qu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a special novel type of a stable, diverse and conserved noncoding RNA in mammalian cells. Particularly in cancer, circRNAs have been reported to be widely involved in the physiological/pathological process of life. However, it is unclear whether circRNAs are specifically involved in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: We investigated the expression profile of circRNAs in six PDAC cancer samples and paired adjacent normal tissues using microarray...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jie Chen, Yan Li, Qiupeng Zheng, Chunyang Bao, Jian He, Bin Chen, Dongbin Lyu, Biqiang Zheng, Yu Xu, Ziwen Long, Ye Zhou, Huiyan Zhu, Yanong Wang, Xianghuo He, Yingqiang Shi, Shenglin Huang
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) comprise a novel class of widespread non-coding RNAs that may regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. However, the characterization and function of circRNAs in human cancer remain elusive. Here we identified at least 5500 distinct circRNA candidates and a series of circRNAs that are differentially expressed in gastric cancer (GC) tissues compared with matched normal tissues. We further characterized one circRNA derived from the PVT1 gene and termed it as circPVT1. The expression of circPVT1 is often upregulated in GC tissues due to the amplification of its genomic locus...
December 13, 2016: Cancer Letters
Rui Dong, Xu-Kai Ma, Ling-Ling Chen, Li Yang
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are broadly identified from precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) back-splicing across various species. Recent studies have suggested a cell-/tissue- specific manner of circRNA expression. However, the distinct expression pattern of circRNAs among species and its underlying mechanism still remain to be explored. Here, we systematically compared circRNA expression from human and mouse, and found that only a small portion of human circRNAs could be determined in parallel mouse samples. The conserved circRNA expression between human and mouse is correlated with the existence of orientation-opposite complementary sequences in introns that flank back-spliced exons in both species, but not the circRNA sequences themselves...
December 16, 2016: RNA Biology
Karoline K Ebbesen, Thomas B Hansen, Jørgen Kjems
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of non-coding RNA characterized by a covalently closed-loop structure generated through a special type of alternative splicing termed backsplicing. CircRNAs are emerging as a heterogeneous class of molecules involved in modulating gene expression by regulation of transcription, protein and miRNA functions. CircRNA expression is cell type and tissue specific and can be largely independent of the expression level of the linear host gene, indicating that regulation of expression might be an important aspect with regard to control of circRNA function...
December 16, 2016: RNA Biology
Marco Galasso, Giorgio Costantino, Lorenzo Pasquali, Linda Minotti, Federica Baldassari, Fabio Corrà, Chiara Agnoletto, Stefano Volinia
The recent advantage obtained by next generation sequencing allows a depth investigation of a new "old" kind of noncoding transcript, the circular RNAs. Circular RNAs are nontranslated RNAs, typically nonpolyadenylated, with a resistance to exonucleases that gives them the ability to be more stable than the common linear RNA isoforms. We used a bioinformatic detection tool (CIRCexplorer) to research predictive circRNAs from the next generation sequenced data of five samples of ductal in situ carcinoma (DCIS) and matched adjacent invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC)...
2016: International Journal of Genomics
Wei-Wei Dong, Hui-Min Li, Xing-Rong Qing, Dong-Hui Huang, Hong-Gang Li
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as novel molecules of interest in gene regulation as other noncoding RNAs. Though they have been explored in some species and tissues, the expression and functions of circRNAs in human reproductive systems remain unknown. Here we revealed the expression profiles of circRNAs in human testis tissue using high-throughput sequencing. The conformation of these testis-derived circRNAs in seminal plasma was also investigated, aiming to provide a non-invasive liquid biopsy surrogate for testicular biopsy...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hannah Gruner, Mariela Cortés-López, Daphne A Cooper, Matthew Bauer, Pedro Miura
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a newly appreciated class of RNAs expressed across diverse phyla. These enigmatic transcripts are most commonly generated by back-splicing events from exons of protein-coding genes. This results in highly stable RNAs due to the lack of free 5' and 3' ends. CircRNAs are enriched in neural tissues, suggesting that they might have neural functions. Here, we sought to determine whether circRNA accumulation occurs during aging in mice. Total RNA-seq profiling of young (1 month old) and aged (22 month old) cortex, hippocampus and heart samples was performed...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yuhai Zhao, Peter N Alexandrov, Vivian Jaber, Walter J Lukiw
Our understanding of the highly specialized functions for small non-coding single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) in the transcriptome of the human central nervous system (CNS) continues to evolve. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a recently discovered class of ssRNA enriched in the brain and retina, are extremely stable and intrinsically resilient to degradation by exonuclease. Conventional methods of ssRNA, microRNA (miRNA), or messenger RNA (mRNA) detection and quantitation requiring free ribonucleotide ends may have considerably underestimated the quantity and significance of CNS circRNA in the CNS...
December 5, 2016: Genes
Xintian You, Tim Of Conrad
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a group of single-stranded RNAs in closed circular form. They are splicing-generated, widely expressed in various tissues and have functional implications in development and diseases. To facilitate genome-wide characterization of circRNAs using RNA-Seq data, we present a freely available software package named acfs. Acfs allows de novo, accurate and fast identification and abundance quantification of circRNAs from single- and paired-ended RNA-Seq data. On simulated datasets, acfs achieved the highest F1 accuracy and lowest false discovery rate among current state-of-the-art tools...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"