Read by QxMD icon Read


Wenjia Xia, Mantang Qiu, Rui Chen, Siwei Wang, Xuechun Leng, Jie Wang, Youtao Xu, Jingwen Hu, Gaochao Dong, Prof Lin Xu, Rong Yin
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most prevalent and deadly types of cancer worldwide especially in Eastern Asia and the prognosis of ESCC remain poor. Recent evidence suggests that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in multiple diseases, including cancer. In this study, we characterized a novel circRNA termed hsa_circ_0067934 in ESCC tumor tissues and cell lines. We analyzed a cohort of 51 patients and found that hsa_circ_0067934 was significantly overexpressed in ESCC tissues compared with paired adjacent normal tissues...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
A Bonizzato, E Gaffo, G Te Kronnie, S Bortoluzzi
Cell states in hematopoiesis are controlled by master regulators and by complex circuits of a growing family of RNA species impacting cell phenotype maintenance and plasticity. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are rapidly gaining the status of particularly stable transcriptome members with distinctive qualities. RNA-seq identified thousands of circRNAs with developmental stage- and tissue-specific expression corroborating earlier suggestions that circular isoforms are a natural feature of the cell expression program...
October 14, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
Chu-Yu Ye, Xingchen Zhang, Qinjie Chu, Chen Liu, Yongyi Yu, Weiqin Jiang, Qian-Hao Zhu, Longjiang Fan, Longbiao Guo
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified in diverse eukaryotic species and are characterized by RNA backsplicing events. Current available methods for circRNA identification are able to determine the start and end locations of circRNAs in the genome but not their full-length sequences. In this study, we developed a method to assemble the full-length sequences of circRNAs using the backsplicing RNA-Seq reads and their corresponding paired-end reads. By applying the method to an rRNA-depleted/RNase R-treated RNA-Seq dataset, we for the first time identified full-length sequences of nearly 3,000 circRNAs in rice...
October 14, 2016: RNA Biology
Linda Szabo, Julia Salzman
The pervasive expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) is a recently discovered feature of gene expression in highly diverged eukaryotes. Numerous algorithms that are used to detect genome-wide circRNA expression from RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data have been developed in the past few years, but there is little overlap in their predictions and no clear gold-standard method to assess the accuracy of these algorithms. We review sources of experimental and bioinformatic biases that complicate the accurate discovery of circRNAs and discuss statistical approaches to address these biases...
October 14, 2016: Nature Reviews. Genetics
Winston Koh, Veronica Gonzalez, Sivaraman Natarajan, Robert Carter, Patrick O Brown, Charles Gawad
Circular RNAs comprise a poorly understood new class of noncoding RNA. In this study, we used a combination of targeted deletion, high-resolution splicing detection, and single-cell sequencing to deeply probe ASXL1 circular splicing. We found that efficient circular splicing required the canonical transcriptional start site and inverted AluSx elements. Sequencing-based interrogation of isoforms after ASXL1 overexpression identified promiscuous linear splicing between all exons, with the two most abundant non-canonical linear products skipping the exons that produced the circular isoforms...
2016: PloS One
Xiaoping Chen, Ping Han, Tao Zhou, Xuejiang Guo, Xiaofeng Song, Yan Li
It has been known that circular RNAs are widely expressed in human tissues and cells, and play important regulatory roles in physiological or pathological processes. However, there is lack of comprehensively annotated human circular RNAs database. In this study we established a circRNA database, named as circRNADb, containing 32,914 human exonic circRNAs carefully selected from diversified sources. The detailed information of the circRNA, including genomic information, exon splicing, genome sequence, internal ribosome entry site (IRES), open reading frame (ORF) and references were provided in circRNADb...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Carlo M Croce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
Xi Jin, Chun-Yan Feng, Zun Xiang, Yi-Peng Chen, You-Ming Li
The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is still unclear, where involvement of circRNA is considered for its active role as "miRNA sponge". Therefore, we aimed to investigate the circRNA expression pattern in NASH and further construct the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network for in-depth mechanism exploration. Briefly, NASH mice model was established by Methionine and choline deficiency (MCD) diet feeding. Liver circRNA and mRNA profile was initially screened by microarray and ensuing qRT-PCR verification was carried out...
September 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Franceli Rodrigues Kulcheski, Ana Paula Christoff, Rogerio Margis
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) that are involved in transcriptional and posttranscriptional gene expression regulation. The development of deep sequencing of ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-depleted RNA libraries, associated with improved computational tools, has provided the identification of several new circRNAs in all sorts of organisms, from protists, plants and fungi to animals. Recently, it was discovered that endogenous circRNAs can work as microRNA (miRNA) sponges. This means that the circRNAs bind to miRNAs and consequently repress their function, providing a new model of action for this class of ncRNA, as well as indicating another mechanism that regulates miRNA activity...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Sabine Müller, Bettina Appel
Over the past two decades, different types of circular RNAs have been discovered in all kingdoms of life, and apparently, those circular species are more abundant than previously thought. Apart from circRNAs in viroids and viruses, circular transcripts have been discovered in rodents more than 20 years ago and recently have been reported to be abundant in many organisms including humans. Their exact function remains still unknown, although one may expect extensive functional studies to follow the currently dominant research into identification and discovery of circRNA by sophisticated sequencing techniques and bioinformatics...
September 26, 2016: RNA Biology
Li Wan, Lin Zhang, Kai Fan, Zai-Xing Cheng, Quan-Chao Sun, Jian-Jun Wang
As a special form of noncoding RNAs, circular RNAs (circRNAs) played important roles in regulating cancer progression mainly by functioning as miRNA sponge. While the function of circular RNA-ITCH (cir-ITCH) in lung cancer is still less reported, in this study, we firstly detected the expression of cir-ITCH in tumor tissues and paired adjacent noncancer tissues of 78 patients with lung cancer using a TaqMan-based quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The results showed that the expression of cir-ITCH was significantly decreased in lung cancer tissues...
2016: BioMed Research International
Kenneth Maiese
Circular ribonucleic acids (circRNAs) are non-coding RNAs of approximately 100 nucleotides in length with thousands of members in mammalian cells. The presence of circRNAs is believed to be even greater than that of messenger RNAs. Identification of circRNAs occurred approximately 37 years ago with the subsequent demonstration that covalent bonds are necessary for the unique circular structure of these ribonucleic acids. However, present understanding of the complex biological role of circRNAs remains limited and requires further elucidation...
2016: Journal of Translational Science
Tao-Ran Li, Yan-Jie Jia, Qun Wang, Xiao-Qiu Shao, Rui-Juan Lv
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are novel endogenous non-coding RNAs characterized by the presence of a covalent bond linking the 3' and 5' ends generated by backsplicing. In this review, we summarize a number of the latest theories regarding the biogenesis, properties and functions of circRNAs. Specifically, we focus on the advancing characteristics and functions of circRNAs in the brain and neurological diseases. CircRNAs exhibit the characteristics of species conservation, abundance and tissue/developmental-stage-specific expression in the brain...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Shibin Qu, Yue Zhong, Runze Shang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjie Song, Jørgen Kjems, Haimin Li
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of non-coding RNA that assumes a covalently closed continuous conformation. CircRNAs were previously thought to be the byproducts of splicing errors caused by low abundance and the technological limitations. With the recent development of high-throughput sequencing technology, numerous circRNAs have been discovered in many species. Recent studies have revealed that circRNAs are stable and widely expressed, and often exhibit cell type-specific or tissue-specific expression...
August 11, 2016: RNA Biology
Daniëlle van Rossum, Bert M Verheijen, R Jeroen Pasterkamp
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly stable, circularized long non-coding RNAs. circRNAs are conserved across species and appear to be specifically enriched in the nervous system. Recent studies show that many circRNAs are expressed in a tissue- and developmental-stage-specific manner, reveal a striking regulation of circRNAs during neuronal development, and detect their presence at synaptic sites. The exact functions of circRNAs remain poorly understood, but evidence from analysis of some circRNA molecules suggests that they could substantially contribute to the regulation of gene expression, particularly in architecturally complex and polarized cells such as neurons...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Liangliang Xu, Ming Zhang, Xiaobo Zheng, Pengsheng Yi, Chuan Lan, Mingqing Xu
PURPOSE: Circular RNAs (circRNA) represent a novel class of widespread and diverse endogenous RNAs that regulate gene expression in mammals. microRNA-7 (miR-7) is a well-demonstrated suppressor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies have showed that one such circRNA, ciRS-7 (also termed as Cdr1as) was the inhibitor and sponge of miR-7 in the embryonic zebrafish midbrain and islet cells. However, the relationships among ciRS-7, miR-7 and clinical features of HCC remain to be clarified...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Ping Yang, Zhijun Qiu, Yuan Jiang, Lei Dong, Wensheng Yang, Chao Gu, Guang Li, Yu Zhu
CircRNA is a novel type of RNA molecule formed by a covalently closed loop which have no 5'-3' polarity and possess no polyA tail and relatively stable due to the cyclic structure. Therefore, they may serve as potential targets and diagnosis biomarkers for tumor therapy. cZNF292 is an important circular oncogenic RNA and plays a critical role in the progression of tube formation. This study is aimed at exploring the role of cZNF292 in human glioma tube formation and its potential mechanism of action. We found that cZNF292 silencing suppresses tube formation by inhibiting glioma cell proliferation and cell cycle progression...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Amaresh C Panda, Ioannis Grammatikakis, Rachel Munk, Myriam Gorospe, Kotb Abdelmohsen
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a large class of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) that have recently emerged as regulators of gene expression. They have been shown to suppress microRNAs, thereby increasing the translation and stability of the targets of such microRNAs. In this review, we discuss the emerging functions of circRNAs, including RNA transcription, splicing, turnover, and translation. We also discuss other possible facets of circRNAs that can influence their function depending on the cell context, such as circRNA abundance, subcellular localization, interacting partners (RNA, DNA, and proteins), dynamic changes in interactions following stimulation, and potential circRNA translation...
September 9, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
Yating Qian, Yuanqing Lu, Can Rui, Yujia Qian, Manhong Cai, Ruizhe Jia
AIMS: This study aimed to identify the different expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the placental tissues of pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE) and to provide a new avenue of research regarding the pathological mechanisms of PE. METHODS: In this study, we collected 40 placental tissues from PE patients and 35 placental tissues from gestational age-matched patients who gave premature birth. Arraystar circRNA Microarray Technology (KANGCHEN, Shanghai, China) was used to analyze the differential expression of circRNAs...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Aruo Nan, Lijian Chen, Nan Zhang, Zhenzhong Liu, Ti Yang, Zhishan Wang, Chengfeng Yang, Yiguo Jiang
Lead is a metal that has toxic effects on the developing nervous system. However, the mechanisms underlying lead-induced neurotoxicity are not well understood. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play an important role in epigenetic regulation, but few studies have examined the function of ncRNAs in lead-induced neurotoxicity. We addressed this in the present study by evaluating the functions of a long non-coding RNA (named lncRpa) and a circular RNA (named circRar1) in a mouse model of lead-induced neurotoxicity. High-throughput RNA sequencing showed that both lncRpa and circRar1 promoted neuronal apoptosis...
September 7, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"