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Performing arts therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031305/do-cancer-patients-with-high-levels-of-distress-benefit-more-than-less-distressed-patients-from-outpatient-art-therapy
#1
Kristina Geue, Sophia Rieckhof, Marianne Buttstaedt, Susanne Singer
PURPOSE: Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of art therapy for cancer patients. Our aim was to determine the effects of outpatient art therapy on the quality of life (QoL) of highly vs. less distressed cancer patients. METHODS: Participants completed the EORTC QLQ-C30 to measure QoL and the HADS to measure distress level before the intervention (t1), after completing the intervention (t2), and 6-months after t2 (t3). We performed analyses of covariance with repeated measures to test for group differences (highly vs...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027607/developing-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-hiv-care-on-perceived-barriers-to-antiretroviral-adherence-assessing-the-needs-of-hiv-clinicians-through-qualitative-analysis
#2
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, David Lessard, Leo Wong, Andràs Lènàrt, Bruno Spire, François Raffi, Bertrand Lebouché
PURPOSE: To identify HIV clinicians' needs for the clinical use of a new patient-reported outcome measure (PRO) on barriers to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. METHODS: In 2015, five focus groups with 31 clinicians from France were transcribed, coded with Atlas.ti, and submitted to a typological analysis. RESULTS: The analysis identified seven patient profiles, each tied to distinct barriers to adherence and to specific needs for the PRO's content, data collection and transmission...
October 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026869/associations-between-antiretroviral-treatment-and-avascular-bone-necrosis-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#3
Cornelia Bayard, Bruno Ledergerber, Markus Flepp, Thanh Lecompte, Estelle Moulin, Matthias Hoffmann, Rainer Weber, Cornelia Staehelin, Caroline Di Benedetto, Christoph A Fux, Philip E Tarr, Barbara Hasse
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk of avascular bone necrosis (AVN). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and particularly protease inhibitors (PI) have been implicated as a risk factor. We aimed to study the associations of ART with the occurrence of AVN among Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants (SHCS). METHODS: We used incidence density sampling to perform a case control study within the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) comparing prospectively collected AVN cases and controls by conditional logistic regression analysis...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025353/mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics-analyses-in-kallikrein-related-peptidase-research-implications-for-cancer-research-and-therapy
#4
Lakmali Munasinghage Silva, Judith Ann Clements
Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are a family of serine peptidases that are deregulated in numerous pathological conditions, with a multitude of KLK-mediated functional roles implicated in the progression of cancer. Advances in multidimensional mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics have facilitated the quantitative measurement of deregulated KLK expression in cancer, identifying certain KLKs, as well as their substrates, as potential cancer biomarkers. Areas covered: In this review, we discuss how these approaches have been utilized for KLK biomarker discovery and unbiased substrate determination in complex protein pools that mimic the in vivo extracellular microenvironment...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020367/clinical-outcomes-of-state-of-the-art-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-de-novo-three-vessel-disease-1-year-results-of-the-syntax-ii-study
#5
Javier Escaned, Carlos Collet, Nicola Ryan, Giovanni Luigi De Maria, Simon Walsh, Manel Sabate, Justin Davies, Maciej Lesiak, Raul Moreno, Ignacio Cruz-Gonzalez, Stephan P Hoole, Nick Ej West, J J Piek, Azfar Zaman, Farzin Fath-Ordoubadi, Rodney H Stables, Clare Appleby, Nicolas van Mieghem, Robert Jm van Geuns, Neal Uren, Javier Zueco, Pawel Buszman, Andres Iñiguez, Javier Goicolea, David Hildick-Smith, Andrzej Ochala, Dariusz Dudek, Colm Hanratty, Rafael Cavalcante, Arie Pieter Kappetein, David P Taggart, Gerrit-Anne van Es, Marie-Angèle Morel, Ton de Vries, Yoshinobu Onuma, Vasim Farooq, Patrick W Serruys, Adrian P Banning
Aims: To investigate if recent technical and procedural developments in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) significantly influence outcomes in appropriately selected patients with three-vessel (3VD) coronary artery disease. Methods and results: The SYNTAX II study is a multicenter, all-comers, open-label, single arm study that investigated the impact of a contemporary PCI strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with 3VD in 22 centres from four European countries...
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020110/comprehensive-benchmarking-of-snv-callers-for-highly-admixed-tumor-data
#6
Regina Bohnert, Sonia Vivas, Gunther Jansen
Precision medicine attempts to individualize cancer therapy by matching tumor-specific genetic changes with effective targeted therapies. A crucial first step in this process is the reliable identification of cancer-relevant variants, which is considerably complicated by the impurity and heterogeneity of clinical tumor samples. We compared the impact of admixture of non-cancerous cells and low somatic allele frequencies on the sensitivity and precision of 19 state-of-the-art SNV callers. We studied both whole exome and targeted gene panel data and up to 13 distinct parameter configurations for each tool...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994660/pharmacokinetics-of-rilpivirine-and-24-week-outcomes-after-switching-from-efavirenz-in-virologically-suppressed-hiv-1-infected-adolescents
#7
Watsamon Jantarabenjakul, Suvaporn Anugulruengkitt, Naruporn Kasipong, Narukjaporn Thammajaruk, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Torsak Bunupuradah, Tim R Cressey, Angela Colbers, David M Burger, Wanatpreeya Phongsamart, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Chitsanu Pancharoen
BACKGROUND: Rilpivirine (RPV), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor drug, could be a favorable drug for maintenance therapy in HIV-infected adolescents because it has few long-term side effects. However, data among adolescents switching from efavirenz (EFV) to RPV are limited. This study investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety and efficacy of RPV in virologically-suppressed HIV-1-infected adolescents after switching from EFV. METHODS: Adolescents aged 12-18 years on EFV-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) were switched from EFV to RPV (25 mg, once daily)...
October 10, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991913/diagnosis-disclosure-to-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-rural-kenya-improves-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-and-immunologic-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Gregg Joseph Montalto, Fredrick K Sawe, Argwings Miruka, Jonah Maswai, Ignatius Kiptoo, Appolonia Aoko, Chrispine Oreyo, Eunice Obiero, Sheila Korir, Stephen K Bii, Katherine X Song, Anjali N Kunz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Emphasis on adolescent HIV has increased worldwide as antiretroviral treatment has greatly extended life expectancies of HIV-positive children. Few evidence-based guidelines exist on the optimal time to disclose to an adolescent living with HIV (ALHIV); little is known about the medical effects of disclosure. This study looked to determine whether disclosure is associated with improved medical outcomes in ALHIV. Prior work has tended to be qualitative, cross-sectional, and with an emphasis on psychosocial outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975505/an-siv-macaque-model-targeted-to-study-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Sarah E Beck, Suzanne E Queen, Kelly A Metcalf Pate, Lisa M Mangus, Celina M Abreu, Lucio Gama, Kenneth W Witwer, Robert J Adams, M Christine Zink, Janice E Clements, Joseph L Mankowski
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of pigtailed macaques is a highly representative and well-characterized animal model for HIV neuropathogenesis studies that provides an excellent opportunity to study and develop prognostic markers of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) for HIV-infected individuals. SIV studies can be performed in a controlled setting that enhances reproducibility and offers high-translational value. Similar to observations in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), ongoing neurodegeneration and inflammation are present in SIV-infected pigtailed macaques treated with suppressive ART...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969607/a-comparison-of-self-report-and-antiretroviral-detection-to-inform-estimates-of-antiretroviral-therapy-coverage-viral-load-suppression-and-hiv-incidence-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Helena Huerga, Fisseha Shiferie, Eduard Grebe, Ruggero Giuliani, Jihane Ben Farhat, Gilles Van-Cutsem, Karen Cohen
BACKGROUND: Accurately identifying individuals who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important to determine ART coverage and proportion on ART who are virally suppressed. ART is also included in recent infection testing algorithms used to estimate incidence. We compared estimates of ART coverage, viral load suppression rates and HIV incidence using ART self-report and detection of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and we identified factors associated with discordance between the methods...
September 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964291/hiv-status-and-hearing-loss-among-children-between-6-and-12-years-of-age-at-a-large-urban-health-facility-in-south-western-uganda
#11
Doreen Nakku, Victoria Nyaiteera, Evelyn Llowet, Dennis Nanseera, Gladys Nakalema, Brian Westerberg, Francis Bajunirwe
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric HIV infection and treatment may increase the risk for hearing loss (HL), both sensorineural (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss (CHL). There is limited data on this subject, especially from sub Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the prevalence of hearing loss among HIV positive and negative children, to determine the types of hearing loss and whether Nevirapine (NVP) based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with HL. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study at two tertiary health facilities in south western Uganda...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956173/-drekip-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-headache
#12
M Richter, E Gruhl, E Lautenschläger, T Müller, F Schumann, D Skiera, A Theisinger, U Zimmer, R Berner, M von der Hagen, R Sabatowski, A Hähner, G Gossrau
Headaches are a frequent health problem among children and adolescents. The ocurrence of headaches and the resulting impairments in the quality of life and activities of daily living are modulated by biopsychosocial interactions, which necessitate a complex treatment program. The Dresden Childrens Headache Program (DreKiP) is a multidisciplinary therapy program consisting of eight modules for children and adolescents: education, stress relief, relaxation techniques, physical fitness, climbing therapy, art therapy and sensory training...
September 27, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953794/art-as-a-means-of-accessing-ourselves-using-art-in-psychotherapy
#13
Immacolata d'Errico
Using art in psychotherapy could become an interesting instrument for the cure and the prevention of psychological and psychiatric problems. This belongs to that trend that sees the mediation of art as having big potential to go beyond the spoken word. Everybody knows that our emotions, thoughts, feelings, and so on, are living in the body and speaking through the body, in fact the symbolic dimension (art, music, dance, painting and so on) reconfigures the experience of living. In this form of therapy we use Art as a means of accessing ourselves and opening ourselves up to the world...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953763/the-performing-arts-and-psychological-well-being
#14
Ahmed Hankir, Bruce Kirkcaldy, Frederick R Carrick, Asad Sadiq, Rashid Zaman
Although psychotropic drugs have been hailed as, 'One of the success stories of modern psychiatry' the prescribing of these medicines has not been without commotion, concern and controversy. Moreover, the President of the World Psychiatry Association Professor Dinesh Bhugra and colleagues, after conducting a recent large-scale study (n=25,522) on psychiatric morbidity in the UK, collectively issued the clarion call that, 'The mental health of the nation was unlikely to be improved by treatment with psychotropic medication alone'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942382/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-2017-state-of-the-art
#15
Marco Barbanti, John G Webb, Martine Gilard, Davide Capodanno, Corrado Tamburino
In the last 15 years, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) technology has met with rapid uptake, with >350,000 procedures performed in >70 countries. Over the same period, this technique has evolved from a challenging intervention to a standardised, simple, and streamlined procedure. The purpose of this review article is to provide an overview on the rapidly changing field of TAVI therapy, exploring past achievements, current issues and future perspectives. The discussion has been subdivided into three sections: 1) the evolution of clinical and anatomical indications for TAVI, 2) the description of procedural advances and complication rate trends over time, and 3) the progressive adoption of a minimalist approach...
September 24, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939336/-evaluation-and-results-of-ablative-therapies-in-prostate-cancer
#16
R Renard-Penna, R Sanchez-Salas, E Barret, J M Cosset, S de Vergie, J Sapetti, A Ingels, A Gangi, H Lang, X Cathelineau
OBJECTIVE: To perform a state of the art about methods of evaluation and present results in ablative therapies for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A review of the scientific literature was performed in Medline database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and Embase (http://www.embase.com) using different associations of keywords. Publications obtained were selected based on methodology, language and relevance. After selection, 102 articles were analysed. RESULTS: Analyse the results of ablative therapies is presently difficult considering the heterogeneity of indications, techniques and follow-up...
September 19, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934872/a-structural-equation-model-of-patient-healthcare-provider-relationships-and-hiv-infected-patient-outcomes-in-chinese-populations
#17
Wei-Ti Chen, Chengshi Shiu, Joyce P Yang, Peing Chuang, Lin Zhang, Meijuan Bao, Hongzhou Lu
Obtaining maximum antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is critical for maintaining a high CD4 count and strong immune function in PLWHA. Key factors for achieving optimum adherence include good medication self-efficacy, decreased medication-taking difficulties, and positive patient-healthcare provider (HCP) relationships. Limited studies have analyzed the correlation of these factors and ART adherence in Chinese population. In this paper, structural equation modeling was performed to assess the proposed model of relations between patient-HCP relationships and adherence...
September 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926991/-found-performance-towards-a-musical-methodology-for-exploring-the-aesthetics-of-care
#18
Stuart Wood
Concepts of performance in fine art reflect key processes in music therapy. Music therapy enables practitioners to reframe patients as performers, producing new meanings around the clinical knowledge attached to medical histories and constructs. In this paper, music therapy practices are considered in the wider context of art history, with reference to allied theories from social research. Tracing a century in art that has revised the performativity of found objects (starting with Duchamp's "Fountain"), and of found sound (crystallised by Cage's 4' 33) this paper proposes that music therapy might be a pioneer methodology of "found performance"...
September 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926407/dysfunctional-hdl-from-hiv-individuals-promotes-monocyte-derived-foam-cell-formation-in-vitro
#19
Thomas A Angelovich, Anna C Hearps, Michael N Oda, Mark S Borja, Diana Huynh, Stefanie Homann, Anthony Jaworowski, Theodoros Kelesidis
OBJECTIVE: The role of HDL function in HIV-related atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. HDLs isolated from HIV+ [HIV(+)HDL] and HIV-uninfected individuals (HDL) were assessed for HDL function and ability to promote monocyte-derived foam cell formation (MDFCF) (a key event in HIV-related CVD) ex vivo. DESIGN/METHODS: Using an established in vitro model of atherogenesis and plasma samples from an established cross-sectional study of virologically-suppressed HIV+ males on stable effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) and with low CVD risk (median age: 42 years; n = 10), we explored the impact of native HDL [HIV(+)HDL] on MDFCF...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924967/postoperative-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-sooner-the-better-and-potential-to-reduce-toxicity-even-further
#20
Paolo Borghetti, Luigi Spiazzi, Claudia Cozzaglio, Sara Pedretti, Bruno Caraffini, Luca Triggiani, Diana Greco, Lilia Bardoscia, Fernando Barbera, Michela Buglione, Stefano Maria Magrini
PURPOSE: To evaluate biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS), overall survival (OS), late rectal and bladder toxicities in a retrospective single institution series, also applying an in-house software for biological dose calculation. METHODS: 258 patients submitted to radiotherapy after prostatectomy were considered. Differences between groups were calculated using the log-rank test and the relevant clinical and therapeutic variables were considered for multivariate analysis...
September 18, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
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