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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353392/a-preliminary-survey-on-prevalence-and-knowledge-about-different-aspects-of-somnambulism-in-buner-district-of-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#1
Wajiha, Zaigham Hasan, Rabia Afridi, Lubna Rahman, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Kausar Saeed, Humera Afridi
PURPOSE: Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015-November 2016. METHODS: Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results...
January 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351808/clinicopathologic-features-of-colorectal-carcinoma-features-predicting-higher-t-stage-and-nodal-metastasis
#2
Atif Ali Hashmi, Shumaila Kanwal Hashmi, Navaira Ali, Komal Thara, Rabia Ali, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan
OBJECTIVES: A rising frequency of colorectal carcinoma has been noted in recent years in Pakistan. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate clinicopathologic features of colorectal carcinoma in our population so that protocols could be developed to stratify patients that may require further biomarker/molecular testing. Furthermore, histological features which predict higher T and N stage were also evaluated. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 54.5 (19-85) years...
January 19, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348558/preparation-of-polyaniline-pbs-core-shell-nano-microcomposite-and-its-application-for-photocatalytic-h2-electrogeneration-from-h2o
#3
Mohamed Rabia, H S H Mohamed, Mohamed Shaban, S Taha
Lead sulfide (PbS) and polyaniline (PANI) nano/microparticles were prepared. Then, PANI/PbS core-shell nano/microcomposites (I, II, and III) were prepared by oxidative polymerization of different aniline concentrations (0.01, 0.03, and 0.05 M), respectively, in the presence of 0.05 M PbS. FT-IR, XRD, SEM, HR-TEM, and UV-Vis analyses were carried out to characterize the samples. From the FT-IR data, there are redshifts in PbS and PANI nano/microparticles bands in comparison with PANI/PbS nano/microcomposites...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340806/distribution-of-il28b-and-il10-polymorphisms-as-genetic-predictors-of-treatment-response-in-pakistani-hcv-genotype-3-patients
#4
Humaira Naeemi, Rabia Aslam, Syed Mohsin Raza, Muhammad Aiman Shahzad, Shagufta Naz, Sobia Manzoor, Saba Khaliq
There are over 10 million hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients in Pakistan. For these patients, a combination of interferon with ribavirin is the most economical and easily available treatment. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in interleukin genes have been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis and clearance of HCV, and sustained virologic response (SVR). An interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene polymorphism has been shown to modify treatment outcomes, but the effects of interleukin 10 (IL10) polymorphisms have not been previously assessed in the Pakistani population...
January 16, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330999/reasons-of-self-discharge-from-nursery-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Rabia Abbas, Khawaja Ahmad Irfan Waheed, Talal Waqar, Muhammad Anwar, Rafia Gul, Sikandar Hayat, Syeda Tehseen Fatima, Muhammad Azhar
BACKGROUND: Patients who leave against medical advice (LAMA) from a health facility is a recognized problem. In neonatology practice this issue is particularly sensitive as repercussions can be severe. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing the decision of parents to self-discharge their babies against medical advice. METHODS: This descriptive case series was conducted in the Department of Neonatology, of the Children's Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Lahore from January to June 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330712/correction-to-pre-existing-small-vessel-disease-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-from-the-middle-east-southeast-asia-and-philippines
#6
Naveed Akhtar, Abdul Salam, Saadat Kamran, Atlantic D'Souza, Yahia Imam, Pablo Garcia Bermejo, Muhammad Faisal Wadiwala, Ahmed Own, Ahmed ElSotouhy, Surjith Vattoth, Paula Bourke, Zain Bhutta, Sujatha Joseph, Mark Santos, Rabia Ali Khan, Ashfaq Shuaib
The author names "Dr. Pablo Garcia Bermejo" and "Dr. Muhammad Faisal Wadiwala" needed to be added as the 6th and 7th authors, respectively. The authors regret this error.
January 13, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329041/thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Gamze Erzin, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Canan Topçuoğlu, Güven Özkaya, Özcan Erel, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Emre Ürer, Makbule Çiğdem Aydemir, Erol Göka
Bipolar disorder (BD) patients have increased oxidative stress, which can disturb thiol/disulphide homeostasis, causing disulphide formation. The aim of the study is to investigate dynamic thiol/disulphide (SH/SS) homeostasis in BD patients, which is a novel evaluation method of oxidative status. Ninety-four BD patients (50 in the manic episode and 44 in remission) and 44 healthy controls were included in the study. Blood serum native thiol (SH) and total thiol (ToSH) concentrations were measured in a paired test...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306862/risk-factors-for-incidence-of-trachomatous-scarring-in-a-cohort-of-women-in-low-endemic-district
#8
Rabia Karani, Meraf Wolle, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Muñoz, Sheila K West
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence of scarring in women in a trachoma low endemic district of rural Tanzania and to determine the effects of lifetime cooking fire exposure and markers of lower socioeconomic status on incidence of scarring in these women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted over a 3.5-year period from 2013 to 2016 in 48 villages in Kongwa, Tanzania where trachoma at baseline was 5.2% in children. A random sample of 2966 women aged 15 and older who were at risk for incident scarring were eligible for follow-up...
January 6, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306236/reliability-and-validity-of-the-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-questionnaireamong-turkish-children
#9
Fatma Kaya Narter, Fatih Tarhan, Kamil Fehmi Narter, Kubilay Sabuncu, Rabia Alay Eser, Yasemin Akın, Pınar Ay
Background/aim: We developed a Turkish version of the Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire (BBDQ) and evaluated its psychometric properties among Turkish pediatric patients.Materials and methods: The BBDQ was translated into Turkish and then it was back-translated into English. A total of 193 patients were asked to complete the Turkish version of the BBDQ as well as the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Scoring System (DVISS). In addition, 39 children completed the same questionnaires twice at 2-week intervals for test/retest evaluation...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290189/relationship-among-hypovitaminosis-d-maternal-periodontal-disease-and-low-birth-weight
#10
Farhan Raza Khan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Rabia Hussain, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
OBJECTIVE: To determine if low birth weight is associated with hypovitaminosis D and periodontal disease among a sample of Pakistani women residing in district Jhelum, Punjab. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study nested in a large community-based longitudinal study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan, District Jhelum, Pakistan from August 2012 to October 2015. METHODOLOGY: Women during 12-16th week of pregnancy were selected...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284510/the-napressim-trial-the-use-of-low-dose-prophylactic-naloxone-infusion-to-prevent-respiratory-depression-with-intrathecally-administered-morphine-in-elective-hepatobiliary-surgery-a-study-protocol-and-statistical-analysis-plan-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
David Cosgrave, Marie Galligan, Era Soukhin, Victoria McMullan, Siobhan McGuinness, Anand Puttappa, Niamh Conlon, John Boylan, Rabia Hussain, Peter Doran, Alistair Nichol
BACKGROUND: Intrathecally administered morphine is effective as part of a postoperative analgesia regimen following major hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery. However, the potential for postoperative respiratory depression at the doses required for effective analgesia currently limits its clinical use. The use of a low-dose, prophylactic naloxone infusion following intrathecally administered morphine may significantly reduce postoperative respiratory depression. The NAPRESSIM trial aims to answer this question...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278806/the-association-of-serum-nesfatin-1-and-ghrelin-levels-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Kubranur Ünal, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Turan Turhan, Sevilay Sezer, Elif Tatlidil Yaylaci
Nesfatin-1 and ghrelin are two hormones which has opposite effects and play role in food intake. This study was planned on the idea that both metabolic syndrome and psychiatric disorders are associated with nesfatin-1 and ghrelin. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the levels of ghrelin and nesfatin-1 in patients with schizophrenia, by taking confounding factor as the metabolic syndrome (MS). 55 patients with schizophrenia and 33 healthy controls were included in the study.11 out of the 55 patients (%20) has MS...
December 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250985/green-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-thymbra-spicata-l-var-spicata-zahter-aqueous-leaf-extract-and-evaluation-of-their-morphology-dependent-antibacterial-and-cytotoxic-activity
#13
Fatih Erci, Rabia Cakir-Koc, Ibrahim Isildak
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were green synthesized at room temperature using different concentrations of the Thymbra spicata L. var. spicata (Zahter) aqueous leaf extracts for the first time. With the synthesis of AgNPs using the leaf extract of Cynara scolymus (Artichoke) and Mentha piperita (Peppermint), the biological activities of the nanoparticles synthesized using leaf extract of three economically significant plants have been studied comparatively. Nanoparticles were characterized by different spectroscopic and microscopic analysis...
December 17, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239072/redox-imbalance-correlates-with-high-nugent-score-in-bacterial-vaginosis
#14
Shakeel Waqqar, Salman Aziz, Rabia Shakeel, Anum Waheed, Syed S Ahmed, Asad Ali, Ayyaz A Khan, Muhammad Shoaib
AIM: The main goal of this work was to highlight the significance of redox imbalance in the pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis (BV). We studied the pro-oxidant (malondialdehyde) and antioxidants (glutathione, total antioxidant capacity) in the vaginal fluids of women and compared them on the basis of their Nugent score (NS). METHODS: Women were clinically screened using Amsel criteria (≥2 were regarded as positive) and were further screened for NS on the basis of microscopic examination...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226146/heparanase-inhibition-reduces-glucose-levels-blood-pressure-and-oxidative-stress-in-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice
#15
Shadi Hamoud, Rabia Shekh Muhammad, Niroz Abu-Saleh, Ahmad Hassan, Yaniv Zohar, Tony Hayek
Background: Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial process. Emerging evidence highlights a role of the enzyme heparanase in various disease states, including atherosclerosis formation and progression. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of heparanase inhibition on blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and oxidative stress in apoE-/- mice. Methods: Male apoE-/- mice were divided into two groups: one treated by the heparanase inhibitor PG545, administered intraperitoneally weekly for seven weeks, and the other serving as control group (injected with saline)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222652/development-of-a-kelp-powder-thallus-laminariae-standard-reference-material
#16
Lee L Yu, Joseph F Browning, Carolyn Q Burdette, George C Caceres, Kaitlyn D Chieh, W Clay Davis, Brittany L Kassim, Stephen E Long, Karen E Murphy, Rabia Oflaz, Rick L Paul, Katherine E Sharpless, Laura J Wood, James H Yen, Rolf Zeisler
A Standard Reference Material (SRM) of seaweed, SRM 3232 Kelp Powder (Thallus laminariae) has been developed to support food and dietary supplement measurements in compliance with the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA). The material was characterized for nutritional minerals, arsenic species, isomers of vitamin K1, proximates, and toxic elements. Kelp is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, and it is an excellent source of dietary iodine...
December 9, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221764/regulation-of-autophagy-by-polyphenols-paving-the-road-for-treatment-of-neurodegeneration
#17
REVIEW
Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Ahmad Reza Dehpour, Samira Shirooie, Ana Sanches Silva, Kasi Pandima Devi, Touqeer Ahmed, Nafeesa Ishaq, Rabia Hashim, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sánchez, Maria Daglia, Nady Braidy, Mariateresa Volpicella, Rosa Anna Vacca, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
In the present paper, we will discuss on the importance of autophagy in the central nervous system, and outline the relation between autophagic pathways and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. The potential therapeutic benefits of naturally occurring phytochemicals as pharmacological modulators of autophagy will also be addressed. Our findings provide renewed insight on the molecular modes of protection by polyphenols, which is likely to be at least in part mediated not only by their potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, but also through modulation of autophagic processes to remove the aberrant protein aggregates...
December 5, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218374/the-effect-of-vitamin-u-on-the-lung-tissue-of-pentyleneterazole-induced-seizures-in-rats
#18
Sehkar Oktay, Gamze Bayrak, Burcin Alev, Hazal Ipekci, Unsal Veli Ustundag, Ismet Burcu Turkyilmaz, Rabia Pisiriciler, Ebru Emekli-Alturfan, Tugba Tunali-Akbay, Refiye Yanardag, Aysen Yarat
The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effects of vitamin U (Vit U) on lung tissue of pentyleneterazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in rats. Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly divided into four groups as follows: control (0.9% NaCl given, intraperitoneally); Vit U (50 mg/kg/day, for 7 days by gavage); PTZ; (60 mg/kg one dose, intraperitoneally); and PTZ + Vit U (in same dose and time). At the end of the experiment, lung tissues were taken and examined biochemically and cytologically. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione (GSH), sialic acid (SA), and nitric oxide (NO) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities were determined in lung homogenates...
December 7, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210015/internet-use-social-networks-loneliness-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-aged-50-and-older-mediating-and-moderating-effects
#19
Rabia Khalaila, Adi Vitman-Schorr
BACKGROUND: The increase in longevity of people on one hand, and on the other hand the fact that the social networks in later life become increasingly narrower, highlights the importance of Internet use to enhance quality of life (QoL). However, whether Internet use increases or decreases social networks, loneliness, and quality of life is not clear-cut. PURPOSES: To explore the direct and/or indirect effects of Internet use on QoL, and to examine whether ethnicity and time the elderly spent with family moderate the mediation effect of Internet use on quality of life throughout loneliness...
December 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208902/publisher-correction-population-scale-data-reveals-the-antidepressant-effects-of-ketamine-and-other-therapeutics-approved-for-non-psychiatric-indications
#20
Isaac V Cohen, Tigran Makunts, Rabia Atayee, Ruben Abagyan
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
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