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Rabia Latif
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to explore the effects of chocolate consumption during pregnancy on fetus and mother herself. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials/quasi-experimental/observational/controlled before and after studies involving chocolate/cocoa/cacao consumption (irrespective of type or dose, composition, exposure period, and method of administration) among pregnant women/animals; and measuring any outcome (beneficial or harmful) related to fetus or mother after chocolate exposure were included...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rabia Iqbal, Tahir Zahoor, Nuzhat Huma, Amer Jamil, Gülhan Ünlü
Longevity of probiotic is the main concern for getting maximum benefits when added in food product. Bifidobacterium, a probiotic, tends to lose its viability during gastrointestinal track (GIT) transit and storage of food. Their viability can be enhanced through microencapsulation technology. In this study, Bifidobacterium bifidum (B. bifidum) ATCC 35914 was encapsulated by using two experimental plans. In the first plan, chitosan (CH) at 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0% and sodium alginate (SA) at 4, 5, and 6% were used...
March 12, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Joyce Weeland, Rabia R Chhangur, Danielle van der Giessen, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio de Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
Rabia Kouser, Arti Vashist, Md Zafaryab, Moshahid A Rizvi, Sharif Ahmad
The synergistic contributions of nanofillers and polymer matrix induce remarkable properties in nanocomposite hydrogels. Present article reports the facile synthesis of biocompatible nanocomposite hydrogels using microporous multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) dispersed chitosan (CH)-Acrylonitrile (AN), N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBAAm) and linseed polyol through solution blending method. Polyol and N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBAAm) was used as the crosslinking agent. The structural characterization and formation of highly crosslinked network with dendrimer morphology was confirmed by FT-IR and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Kübranur Ünal, Gamze Erzin, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Murat Alisik, Özcan Erel
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to investigate the dynamic thiol/disulphincide homeostasis in patients with schizophrenia who have positive psychotic indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients (26 males, 18 females; mean age = 34.40 ± 8.98 years) accepted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital and 33 healthy controls (15 males, 18 females; mean age of 30.30 ± 8.48 years) were included in the study...
March 8, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Shadia Hassan, Fadi Hassan, Nur Abbas, Kamal Hassan, Nihal Khatib, Rabia Edgim, Rawia Fadol, Khaled Khazim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study is the first of its kind to examine the impact of the Ramadan fasting on hydration status, plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, and kidney function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 2 groups of patients with CKD grades 2-4: thirty-one Muslim patients who fasted the month of Ramadan (fasting group) and 26 Muslim patients who did not fast (control group). One week before the Ramadan fast, in the last week of the month of Ramadan (4 weeks), and 4 weeks after the end of the Ramadan month (8 weeks), hydration status and blood analysis of urea, creatinine and BNP levels were measured...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Adnan Khan, Saadat Kamran, Georgios Ponirakis, Naveed Akhtar, Rabia Khan, Pooja George, Blessy M Babu, Faiza M Ibrahim, Ioannis N Petropoulos, Beatriz G Canibano, Stacy S Wilins, Dirk Deleu, Ashfaq Shuaib, Rayaz A Malik
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and severity of neuropathic pain, sudomotor dysfunction and abnormal vibration perception in patients with MS. METHODS: 73 patients with MS and 32 age-matched healthy controls underwent assessment of expanded disability severity score (EDSS), DN4 to assess neuropathic pain, electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) to assess sudomotor function and vibration perception threshold (VPT). RESULTS: Patients with MS had a higher DN4 score (p < 0...
2018: PloS One
Qurrat Ul Ain, Huzaifa Saleem, Sarwat Iqbal, Rabia Ghayas
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired, rare life-threatening disorder characterised by compliment mediated hemolytic anemia, thrombosis and impaired bone marrow function. It occasionally presents in childhood or adolescence. This is a case of a 14-year old female presented with complaints of shortness of breath, palpitation and abdominal pain whose laboratory test results were consistent with Coomb's test negative haemolytic anaemia. Contrast enhanced Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan) of abdomen revealed splanchnic circulation thrombosis as well as partially occluding thrombus in the inferior vena cava...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Gregory W Poorman, Peter G Passias, Rabia Qureshi, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Samantha Horn, Cole Bortz, Frank Segreto, Amit Jain, Michael Kelly, Richard Hostin, Christopher Ames, Justin Smith, Virginie LaFage, Douglas Burton, Shay Bess, Chris Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Munish Gupta
OBJECT: Cost-utility analysis, a special case of cost-effectiveness analysis, estimates the ratio between the cost of an intervention to the benefit it produces in number of quality-adjusted life years. Cervical deformity correction has not been evaluated in terms of cost-utility and in the context of value-based health care. Our objective, therefore, was to determine the cost-utility ratio of cervical deformity correction. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective, multicenter cervical deformity database...
February 27, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
S Hadj Rabia, F Benmoussa, A Benzaid, A Baz
The present preliminary study intends to evaluate the in vitro use of hydatid antigen and their antibodies once labeled with iodine 125(I125 ) and characterized from viewpoint of radiochemical purity and immunoreactivity. Radiolabelled molecules gave satisfactory purity of 94% and 96%-98%, for hydatid antigen and IgG respectively. As regards, the specific activity of these latter, varied between 4.79 and 5.97 μCi/μg. The specificity test of radiolabelled IgG against the hydatid membranes showed a significant recognition that increased proportionally according to the contact surface...
February 27, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Rabia Ghaffar, Marieluise Weidinger, Barbara Mähnert, Michael Schagerl, Irene Lichtscheidl
Deep-shade plants have adapted to low-light conditions by varying morphology and physiology of cells and chloroplasts, but it still remains unclear, if prolonged periods of high-light or darkness induce additional modifications in chloroplasts' anatomy and pigment patterns. We studied giant chloroplasts (bizonoplasts) of the deep-shade lycopod Selaginella erythropus in epidermal cells of mature fully developed microphylls and subjected them to prolonged darkness and high-light conditions. Chloroplast size and ultrastructure were investigated by light and electron microscopy...
March 2, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Hina Latif, Adil Iqbal, Rabia Rathore, Nasir Farooq Butt
Objective: To measure the correlation between microalbuminuria and serum uric acid level in Type-2 diabetic nephropathy. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in department of Medicine, Mayo hospital Lahore from August 2014 to February 2015. A total of 200 patients with Type-2 diabetic nephropathy were enrolled in the study. Demographic data and contact details were obtained. Serum Uric acid and microalbuminuria by albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) in random urine sample was measured at the time of inclusion of patients...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Gulali Aktas, Mustafa Sit, Oguz Dikbas, Hayri Erkol, Rabia Altinordu, Edip Erkus, Haluk Savli
OBJECTIVE: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder. The purpose of this study was to determine the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a novel marker of inflammation, in patients with HT and to compare these values with those from healthy subjects. METHOD: A total of 154 participants were included in the study, 90 HT patients and 64 healthy volunteers. Retrospectively, demographic and laboratory data of the subjects were obtained from our institution's database...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Rabia Ghafoor, Muhammad Irfan Anwar
Syphilis is a venereal disease caused by treponema pallidum, historically known as "great mimicker" because of its variable presentations. Secondary syphilis usually presents with maculopapular or papulosquamous rash. Rare manifestations include papulonodular, annular and lichenoid lesions. Nodules are usually found in benign tertiary syphilis. We present a case of a young boy who presented with five months' history of nodular skin lesions and hoarseness of voice. Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) was initially negative owing to prozone phenomenon...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Estibaliz González-Fernández, Hey-Kyeong Jeong, Masahiro Fukaya, Hyukmin Kim, Rabia R Khawaja, Isha N Srivastava, Ari Waisman, Young-Jin Son, Shin H Kang
Oligodendrocytes (OLs), the myelin-forming CNS glia, are highly vulnerable to cellular stresses, and a severe myelin loss underlies numerous CNS disorders. Expedited OL regeneration may prevent further axonal damage and facilitate functional CNS repair. Although adult OL progenitors (OPCs) are the primary players for OL regeneration, targetable OPC-specific intracellular signaling mechanisms for facilitated OL regeneration remain elusive. Here, we report that OPC-targeted PTEN inactivation in the mouse, in contrast to OL-specific manipulations, markedly promotes OL differentiation and regeneration in the mature CNS...
February 20, 2018: ELife
J Mashiah, A Harel, C Bodemer, S Hadj-Rabia, I Goldberg, E Sprecher, A Kutz
BACKGROUND: Most cases of paediatric cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) occur before the age of 2 years, and regression occurs in only 67% of children. Given the absence of any specific therapy, CM is usually treated symptomatically. A few publications have reported the beneficial effect of calcineurin inhibitors for CM. AIM: We sought to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety profile of topical pimecrolimus cream for the treatment of CM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all diagnosed cases of CM treated with topical pimecrolimus 1% cream between 2013 and 2015...
February 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Rabia Mushtaq, Jyotsna Pundir, Chiara Achilli, Osama Naji, Yacoub Khalaf, Tarek El-Toukhy
Men with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over are more likely to have reduced fertility and fecundity rates. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effect of male BMI on IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome. An electronic search for published literature was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE between 1966 and November 2016. Outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) and live birth rates (LBR) per IVF or ICSI cycle. Eleven studies were identified, including 14,372 cycles; nine reported CPR and seven reported LBR...
February 2, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Serdar Aydın, Hale Göksever Çelik, Mustafa Maraşlı, Rabia Zehra Bakar
OBJECTIVE: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common pelvic tumor in women. The calculated prevalence of prolapsed pedunculated leiomyoma was 2.5% in patients who underwent surgery. Although vaginal removal is safe and effective, hysterectomy demand is questionable. We aimed to analyze the association between patient characteristics, clinical features of prolapsed pedunculated submucosal leiomyoma and the probability of successful vaginal myomectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in 35 women who presented with prolapsed pedunculated uterine leiomyoma...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Erkan Cure, Abdullah Icli, Ali Ugur Uslu, Davut Sakiz, Medine Cumhur Cure, Rabia Aydogan Baykara, Fatma Yavuz, Sevket Arslan, Adem Kucuk
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACD). The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), which is the logarithmic transformation of the plasma triglyceride (TG) level to the high-density lipoprotein level (HDL) ratio, has been suggested to be a novel marker in the identification of atherosclerosis risk. Therefore, this study aims to determine if the AIP can act as an accurate marker for the detection of subclinical atherosclerosis. Fifty-two male patients with AS and 52 age-, gender-, and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy control subjects were included in the study...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Varun Puvanesarajah, Raj Amin, Rabia Qureshi, Babar Shafiq, Ben Stein, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Seth Yarboro
INTRODUCTION: Proximal femur fractures are one of the most common fractures observed in dialysis-dependent patients. Given the large comorbidity burden present in this patient population, more information is needed regarding post-operative outcomes. The goal of this study was to assess morbidity and mortality following operative fixation of femoral neck fractures in the dialysis-dependent elderly. METHODS: The full set of medicare data from 2005 to 2014 was retrospectively analyzed...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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