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periodontics, periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573262/proposing-a-novel-three-level-definition-of-periodontitis-%C3%A2-using-probing-depth-clinical-attachment-loss-and-bleeding-on-probing-analysis-of-a-rural-chinese-population
#1
Xi Yan Pei, Lu He, Xiang Ying Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel, three-level (severe, moderate, mild) case definition using probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) for epidemiologic studies on periodontitis. METHODS: Case definitions (DEF) 1-30 with PD, CAL and BOP were made. Based on data from epidemiologic research in Chengde (Hebei Province, China) in 1992, prevalence of periodontitis by DEF1-30 was calculated and compared with a reference (definitions by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American Academy of Periodontology in 2012)...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551729/use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Richard J Miron, Giovanni Zucchelli, Michael A Pikos, Maurice Salama, Samuel Lee, Vincent Guillemette, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Hom-Lay Wang, Fatiha Chandad, Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Alain Simonpieri, Alexandre Amir Aalam, Pietro Felice, Gilberto Sammartino, Shahram Ghanaati, Maria A Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures...
July 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531825/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-cohort-of-periodontitis-patients
#3
Anders Holmlund, Erik Lampa, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether oral health is uniformly associated with three different cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and heart failure (HF), which has not been studied previously. METHODS: A full mouth investigation was performed in 8999 individuals referred to a specialized periodontology clinic between 1979 and 2012. The number of deepened pockets (NDP), number of teeth (NT), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were investigated...
July 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496255/enhanced-skills-in-periodontology-evaluation-of-a-pilot-scheme-for-general-dental-practitioners-and-dental-care-professionals-in-london
#4
S G Ghotane, V Harrison, E Radcliffe, E Jones, J E Gallagher
Background The need for periodontal management is great and increasing; thus, the oral and dental workforce should be suitably equipped to deliver contemporary care. Health Education London developed a training scheme to extend the skills of dentists and dental care professionals (DCPs).Aim To examine the feasibility of assessing a skill-mix initiative established to enhance skills in clinical periodontology involving the views of patients, clinicians and key stakeholders, together with clinical and patient outcomes in London...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464544/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-patients-diagnosed-with-periodontitis-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#5
L Ziukaite, D E Slot, C M Cobb, W Coucke, G A Van der Weijden
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes among patients with periodontitis and to evaluate whether diabetes is related to extent and severity of periodontitis. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of data observed over a 10-year period in patients referred to a specialized clinic for periodontology in the Netherlands. Patients received at the intake appointment a full-mouth periodontal examination, and based on the clinical data, patients were classified with respect to extent and severity of periodontitis...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461638/evaluation-of-a-new-grading-system-for-clinical-skills-in-dental-student-clinics
#6
Aurel D Bodenmann, Julia M Bühler, Mauro Amato, Ronald Weiger, Nicola U Zitzmann
Several evaluation systems for clinical exams have been suggested over the years, but no systematic analysis of checklists or criteria-based exam forms has yet been undertaken. The aims of this study were to analyze criteria-based evaluation forms and to identify areas in the teaching process potentially requiring improvements. All evaluation forms introduced in 2012 at the Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology, and Cariology at the University Center of Dental Medicine in Basel, Switzerland, and applied over a three-year period (n=1,093 in 2015) were analyzed using predefined criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#7
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#8
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419559/impact-of-the-global-burden-of-periodontal-diseases-on-health-nutrition-and-wellbeing-of-mankind-a-call-for-global-action
#9
Maurizio S Tonetti, Søren Jepsen, Lijian Jin, Joan Otomo-Corgel
BACKGROUND: The global burden of periodontal diseases remains high. Population growth trends, changes in risk factors and improved tooth retention will increase the socio-economic burden of periodontitis that is responsible for 3.5 million years lived with disability, 54 billion USD/year in lost productivity and a major portion of the 442 billion USD/year cost for oral diseases. METHODS: In the context of the Milan World Exhibition 2015 "Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life," a green paper was developed and offered for global consultation by the European Federation of Periodontology...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#10
COMMENT
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253578/-state-of-the-art-diagnostic-criteria-of-severe-periodontitis
#11
X Y Ouyang
Periodontitis could be categorized as mild, moderate, and severe according to the severity of the disease. This categorizing system could also be used together with other classification systems. The present article introduced the status about the case definition of severe periodontitis, including the standard of case definitions for surveillance of periodontitis reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in partnership with the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the consensus report on the definition of periodontitis case for use in risk factor research by Europe workshop...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253577/-consensus-of-chinese-experts-on-diagnosis-of-severe-periodontitis-and-treatment-principles-of-periodontitis-in-special-population
#12
(no author information available yet)
Today, there is greater awareness about periodontal diseases amongst Chinese dental clinicians. However, confusions regarding some clinical conditions have been remained in diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Therefore, the Chinese Society of Periodontology undertook the formation of consensus in order to provide perspective to the dental clinicians and to help them in evaluation of the patient's risk factors, so as to make a better treatment decisions in their clinical practice. In the present consensus report, the diagnosis of severe chronic periodontitis at individual level and treatment recommendations of patients with systemic diseases and specific conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, tumour, period of pregnancy, and the aged, were provided...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209006/a-comparative-evaluation-of-serum-magnesium-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients-with-and-without-periodontitis-a-clinico-biochemical-study
#13
Akshatha Shetty, Rahul Bhandary, Biju Thomas, Amitha Ramesh
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium is an essential cation playing a crucial role in many physiological functions and its imbalance is associated with greater number of pathological situations. Oxidative stress is usually increased due to decreased essential nutrients. Hence, any imbalance of essential nutrients like serum magnesium can significantly play a role in the pathobiology of periodontitis in the presence of diabetes, as diabetes and chronic periodontitis are two chronic diseases that have been biologically linked...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180007/characteristics-of-cellular-composition-of-periodontal-pockets
#14
REVIEW
Petro Hasiuk, Nataliya Hasiuk, Dmytro Kindiy, Victoriya Ivanchyshyn, Dmytro Kalashnikov, Sergiy Zubchenko
PURPOSE: The development of inflammatory periodontal disease in young people is an urgent problem of today's periodontology, and requires a development of new methods that would give an opportunity not only to diagnose but also for prognosis of periodontitis course in a given patients contingent. RESULTS: Cellular structure of periodontal pockets is presented by hematogenous and epithelial cells. Our results are confirmed by previous studies, and show that the penetration of periodontal pathogens leads to formation in periodontal tissue of a highly active complex compounds-cytokines that are able to modify the activity of neutrophils and reduce their specific antibacterial properties...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143836/periodontitis-in-early-and-chronic-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-prospective-follow-up-study-in-finnish-population
#15
Leena Äyräväinen, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo, Antti Kuuliala, Kirsi Ahola, Riitta Koivuniemi, Jukka H Meurman, Anna Maria Heikkinen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis with special emphasis on the role of antirheumatic drugs in periodontal health. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. Patients with early untreated RA and chronic active RA were examined at baseline and 16 months later. Controls were examined once. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted in Finland from September 2005 to May 2014 at the Helsinki University Hospital...
January 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103461/-hashimoto-thyroiditis-and-periodontal-disease-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Ana Morais, Marta Resende, José Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Currently there is a growing interest in studying systemic conditions with impact on the periodontium. The aim of this article is to determinate if there is a relation between Hashimoto's thyroiditis and periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Founded on periodontology based on evidence and in the combination of the keywords: 'Hashimoto disease'; 'Hypothyroidism'; 'Periodontal disease'; 'Systemic Diseases'; a search and evaluation of articles was conducted in Medline, Scopus and Thomson Reuters databases, selecting 30 articles for integral analysis...
October 31, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995723/masteronline-periodontology-and-implant-therapy-revisited-after-seven-years-a-case-study-of-the-structures-and-outcomes-in-a-blended-learning-cpd
#17
P Ratka-Krüger, J P Wölber, J Blank, K Holst, I Hörmeyer, E Vögele
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD), specifically in the field of periodontology. Despite the plenty of periodontal CPDs, there is a lack of information about the performance of CPDs in a blended learning setting. This study is a case study of the structures and outcomes in a blended learning CPD programme in periodontology, the MasterOnline Periodontology and Implant Therapy hosted by the University of Freiburg's Dental School...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994423/assessment-of-streptococcus-mutans-in-healthy-versus-gingivitis-and-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinico-microbiological-study
#18
Sneha Dani, Ashwin Prabhu, K R Chaitra, N C Desai, Sudhir R Patil, Ranjan Rajeev
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and periodontal disease are most common oral diseases. Streptococcus mutans are considered to be the major pathogens in initiation of dental caries. Evidence shows that periodontal disease and caries share a number of contributory factors. Thus in view of these findings it would be worthwhile to examine whether Streptococcus mutans persist within the saliva and subgingival environment of the periodontitis patients and to determine whether there is any association between Streptococcus mutans colonization, pH of saliva and sub-gingival plaque pH in periodontal diseases before therapy...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994419/influence-of-sex-hormone-levels-on-gingival-enlargement-in-adolescent-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-therapy-a-pilot-study
#19
Rajesh Hosadurga, M S Nabeel Althaf, Shashikanth Hegde, Kashyap S Rajesh, M S Arun Kumar
BACKGROUND: Sex hormones may be a modifying factor in the periodontal disease pathogenesis. AIM: The association between gingival enlargement and sex hormone levels in adolescent patients undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy needs to be determined. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the Department of Periodontology in association with the Department of Orthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangaluru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on 21 adolescent patients between the age group of 13-19 years, who had undergone fixed orthodontic therapy for at least 3 months...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978596/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-periodontitis-prevalence-among-nonsmokers-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#20
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, Anne E Sanders, John S Preisser, Jianwen Cai, Christian R Salazar, James D Beck
OBJECTIVE: To describe self-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and its association with periodontitis prevalence in a diverse group of Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: Data came from 8675 lifetime nonsmokers in the 2008-2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Exposure to ETS was self-reported, while periodontitis was defined using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-American Academy of Periodontology criteria and the proportion of sites affected by clinical attachment level of ≥3 mm or pocket depth of ≥4 mm...
April 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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