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periodontics, periodontology

Gediminas Žekonis, Jonas Žekonis, Alvydas Gleiznys, Viktorija Noreikienė, Ingrida Balnytė, Renata Šadzevičienė, Julija Narbutaitė
BACKGROUND Various studies have shown that non-surgical periodontal treatment is correlated with reduction in clinical parameters and plasma levels of inflammatory markers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term weekly supragingival irrigations with aerosolized 0.5% hydrogen peroxide as maintenance therapy followed by non-surgical periodontal treatment on clinical parameters, plasma levels of inflammatory markers, and morphological changes in gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis...
October 15, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ewa J Prażmo, Mirosław Kwaśny, Mariusz Łapiński, Agnieszka Mielczarek
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) consists of three elements: photosensitizer, light and oxygen. The photosensitizer has the property of selective accumulation in abnormal or infected tissues without causing any damage to the healthy cells. This innovative therapeutic method has already been successfully adapted in many fields of medicine, e.g. dermatology, gynecology, urology and cancer therapy. Dentistry is also beginning to incorporate photodisinfection for treatment of the oral cavity. The antibacterial and fungicidal properties of the photosensitizer have been used to achieve better results in root canal treatment, periodontal therapy and the eradication of candidiasis in prosthodontics...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Aleksandra Sender-Janeczek, Marek Ziętek
BACKGROUND: Both drinking and periodontal disease are serious health and social problems. Findings on the effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal disease are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in patients with alcoholic disease, the composition of the main periopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 25 alcoholics from the Department of Alcohol Addiction Closed Treatment and 25 non-alcoholic patients from the Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Bruno César de Vasconcelos Gurgel, Sheyla Christine Lira Montenegro, Poliana Medeiros Cunha Dantas, Ana Luísa de Barros Pascoal, Kenio Costa Lima, Patrícia Dos Santos Calderon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of peri-implant diseases and factors associated with its occurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five patients with dental implants were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. Dental implants were clinically and radiographically evaluated to diagnose their peri-implant condition, according to Mombelli (Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop on Periodontology, 1999, Quintessence, London). Associations between peri-implant diseases and independent variables (socioeconomic, demographic and periodontal characteristics) were evaluated through bivariate analysis with chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests, as well as by multiple logistic regression...
August 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Aditya B Patel, Debora C Matthews, Edmond Ghiabi
OBJECTIVE: To document the profile of periodontists in private practice in Canada in terms of services provided and referral patterns. METHODS: An online survey consisted on 45 questions in 3 categories: demographics, referral patterns and periodontal procedures performed. The sampling frame consisted of all active members of the Canadian Academy of Periodontology (n= 280). Letters and email containing links to the online survey were used to invite participants and to send reminders to non-respondents on days 7, 21 and 49...
March 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine) is a substance secreted by multiple organs in vertebrates. In addition to playing a part in the circadian cycle of the body, melatonin is known to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antioncotic effects on human tissues. Oral cavity is affected by a number of conditions such as periodontitis, mucositis, cancers, and cytotoxicity from various drugs or biomaterials. Research has suggested that melatonin is effective in treating the aforementioned pathologies. Furthermore, melatonin has been observed to enhance osseointegration and bone regeneration...
August 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Madhavi Alamanda, Sunil Kumar Denthumdas, Umesh Wadgave, Pooja Mohan Pharne, Sandeep Jambukumar Patil, Sirisha Kondreddi, Pavan Deshpande, Rajesh Suresh Koppikar
INTRODUCTION: For any antimicrobial approach to be successful in periodontal therapy, it is important that the antimicrobial agent targets the sub-gingival biofilm by attaining sufficient concentration at the sub-gingival site. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine and compare the concentrations of ciprofloxacin present in Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) and plasma after its systemic administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 subjects, in the age group of 30-60 years satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were chosen from the outpatient Department of Periodontology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad and consent was obtained...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
(no author information available yet)
In the article "Effect of Addition of Platelet-rich Plasma to Calcium Phosphosilicate Putty on Healing at 9 Months in Periodontal Intrabony Defects" by Sagrika Shukla, Ashi Chug, Lanka Mahesh, Harpreet Singh Grover, issue 17 volume 3, page 230. It erroneously appeared that: " was given to Dr. George A. Kotsakis DDS, Advanced Education Program in Periodontology, University of Minnesota and Dr. Bhanu K. Bhakri MD (Paediatrics), All India Institute of Medical Sciences for kind support and guidance." The correct statement is: "Acknowledgements: We thank Dr...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Leandro Chambrone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent evidence on the impact of osteoporosis on periodontonlogy and implant dentistry, prevalence of diseases, pathophysiology and treatment outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with osteoporosis should be advised about the importance of returning for periodical periodontal maintenance as inadequate oral care may lead to a faster development of periodontitis. There is no definitive information on the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with dental implant therapy...
August 4, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Sarah-Sophia D Carter, Pedro F Costa, Cedryck Vaquette, Saso Ivanovski, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Jos Malda
Periodontitis is defined as a chronic inflammatory condition, characterized by destruction of the periodontium, composed of hard (i.e. alveolar bone and cementum) and soft tissues (i.e. gingiva and periodontal ligament) surrounding and supporting the teeth. In severe cases, reduced periodontal support can lead to tooth loss, which requires tissue augmentation or procedures that initiate a repair, yet ideally a regenerative response. However, mimicking the three-dimensional complexity and functional integration of the different tissue components via scaffold- and/or matrix-based guided tissue engineering represents a great challenge...
July 29, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
L Checchi, M R Gatto, V Checchi, F Carinci
The present study detects those bacterial species which are more strongly related to bleeding on probing, suppuration and smoking in periodontal-affected patients. Nine hundred and fifty-one patients with periodontal diseases were admitted to the Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dental School of Bologna University where they underwent microbiological tests for six periodontal pathogens (Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Tannerella forsythia)...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Lauritano, L Scapoli, D Mucchi, F Cura, L Lo Muzio, F Carinci
Periodontitis is a multifactorial disease that, if untreated, may cause teeth loss. Clinicians and researchers have reported that genetic factors influence the clinical manifestations of periodontal disease (PD), modulating both inflammation of the mucous membranes and loss of alveolar bone. The acquisition of new nowledge about genetic susceptibility of PD, would directly impact on prognosis and treatment of the disease. In addition, a better understanding of PD pathogenesis could improve the diagnostic tools for the prevention and therapies for modulation of immune responses and treatment of PD...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Lauritano, M Martinelli, D Mucchi, A Palmieri, L Lo Muzio, F Carinci
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mean bacterial load of some periodontal pathogenic bacteria in Italian patients affected by chronic periodontitis. The sample consisted of 1,762 patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis based on the criteria of the American Academy of Periodontology sampled in the period 2013-2015; 1,323 patients were from Northern Italy, 317 from Central Italy and 122 from Southern Italy. Samples for microbiological analysis were collected from the four sites of the greatest probing depth in each patient and then processed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
G Caccianiga, G Rey, A Paiusco, D Lauritano, F Cura, Z Ormianer, F Carinci
In periodontology, lasers have been suggested for the photodynamic therapy (PDT). Such therapy can be defined as the inactivation of cells, microorganisms or molecules induced by light and not by heat. The aim of our study is to assess the effect of Oxygen high-level laser therapy (OHLLT) in removing all bacterial deposits on root or implant surface by means of mechanical instrumentation and laser irradiation. OHLLT has two effects on targeted bacteria and tissues, decontamination and biostimulation. A total of 33 patients were randomly selected with a diagnosis of chronic periodontitis...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Vasileios Panis, Nikolaos Nikitakis, Argyrios Daskalopoulos, Theodora Maragkou, Konstantinos Tsiklakis, Alexandra Sklavounou
OBJECTIVE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells that affects various organs. Oral involvement may simulate periodontal disease and cause significant diagnostic and management difficulties. Here, we present an interesting LCH case with severe periodontal destruction in a young woman in order to facilitate early recognition of this aggressive disease and successful participation of the general practitioner in the management of such patients...
2016: Quintessence International
Yoshiaki Nomura, Ayako Okada, Erika Kakuta, Takahide Gunji, Seiji Kajiura, Nobuhiro Hanada
BACKGROUND: Periodontal screening plays an important role in the prevention of periodontal disease and promotes an improvement in oral health-related quality of life. The World Health Organization's Community Periodontal Index should be carried out by well-trained dentists. However, the Community Periodontal Index is an invasive technique, and if used for periodontal screening, increases the cost of evaluation. In order to overcome these issues, we developed saliva tests for periodontal screening...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Byungjoon Jeong, Hyun-Tae Joo, Hyun-Seung Shin, Mi-Hwa Lim, Jung-Chul Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze and visualize the distribution of patients visiting the periodontology department at a dental college hospital, using a geographic information system (GIS) to utilize these data in patient care and treatment planning, which may help to assess the risk and prevent periodontal diseases. METHODS: Basic patient information data were obtained from Dankook University Dental Hospital, including the unit number, gender, date of birth, and address, down to the dong (neighborhood) administrative district unit, of 306,656 patients who visited the hospital between 2007 and 2014...
June 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Rafael Ferreira, Raphaella Coelho Michel, Sebastião Luiz Aguiar Greghi, Maria Lúcia Rubo de Resende, Adriana Campos Passanezi Sant'Ana, Carla Andreotti Damante, Mariana Schutzer Ragghianti Zangrando
The aim of this systematic literature review was to evaluate which type of periodontal preventive and therapeutic approaches presents superior outcomes in patients with Down syndrome (DS). Studies reporting different methods of periodontal care from DS patients were considered eligible. Included clinical studies should indicate at least two periodontal parameters in different periods of assessment. Screening of the articles, data extraction and quality assessment were conducted independently and in duplicate...
2016: PloS One
Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Ahmad Reza Ebadian, Reza Amid, Parisa Zarnegarnia, Fatemeh Mollaverdi, Nika Aghamohammadi
In inflammatory diseases such as peri-implantitis (PI) and chronic periodontitis (CP) both adaptive and innate immunity play a part. Natural resistance associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) has considerable effects on macrophage function (phagocytosis) and host innate immune response against infections. The present study was to investigate the relationship of NRAMP1 gene polymorphisms with PI and CP in an Iranian population. In this cross sectional study 79 patients with CP, 38 patients with PI and 84 healthy controls presenting to the Periodontology Department of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences were enrolled...
May 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
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