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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995723/masteronline-periodontology-and-implant-therapy-revisited-after-seven-years-a-case-study-of-the-structures-and-outcomes-in-a-blended-learning-cpd
#1
P Ratka-Krüger, J P Wölber, J Blank, K Holst, I Hörmeyer, E Vögele
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD), specifically in the field of periodontology. Despite the plenty of periodontal CPDs, there is a lack of information about the performance of CPDs in a blended learning setting. This study is a case study of the structures and outcomes in a blended learning CPD programme in periodontology, the MasterOnline Periodontology and Implant Therapy hosted by the University of Freiburg's Dental School...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994423/assessment-of-streptococcus-mutans-in-healthy-versus-gingivitis-and-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinico-microbiological-study
#2
Sneha Dani, Ashwin Prabhu, K R Chaitra, N C Desai, Sudhir R Patil, Ranjan Rajeev
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and periodontal disease are most common oral diseases. Streptococcus mutans are considered to be the major pathogens in initiation of dental caries. Evidence shows that periodontal disease and caries share a number of contributory factors. Thus in view of these findings it would be worthwhile to examine whether Streptococcus mutans persist within the saliva and subgingival environment of the periodontitis patients and to determine whether there is any association between Streptococcus mutans colonization, pH of saliva and sub-gingival plaque pH in periodontal diseases before therapy...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994419/influence-of-sex-hormone-levels-on-gingival-enlargement-in-adolescent-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-therapy-a-pilot-study
#3
Rajesh Hosadurga, M S Nabeel Althaf, Shashikanth Hegde, Kashyap S Rajesh, M S Arun Kumar
BACKGROUND: Sex hormones may be a modifying factor in the periodontal disease pathogenesis. AIM: The association between gingival enlargement and sex hormone levels in adolescent patients undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy needs to be determined. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the Department of Periodontology in association with the Department of Orthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangaluru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on 21 adolescent patients between the age group of 13-19 years, who had undergone fixed orthodontic therapy for at least 3 months...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978596/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-periodontitis-prevalence-among-nonsmokers-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#4
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, Anne E Sanders, John S Preisser, Jianwen Cai, Christian R Salazar, James D Beck
OBJECTIVE: To describe self-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and its association with periodontitis prevalence in a diverse group of Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: Data came from 8675 lifetime nonsmokers in the 2008-2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Exposure to ETS was self-reported, while periodontitis was defined using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-American Academy of Periodontology criteria and the proportion of sites affected by clinical attachment level of ≥3 mm or pocket depth of ≥4 mm...
December 15, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938698/treatment-of-select-intrabony-defects-by-periodontal-regeneration-could-be-cost-effective-long-term-in-compliant-patients
#5
Satheesh Elangovan
Periodontal regeneration compared with access flap surgery in human intrabony defects: 20-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial: tooth regeneration, periodontitis recurrence and costs. Cortellini P, Buti J, Prato GP, Tonetti MS.J Clin Periodontolhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12638 [Pre pub/accepted manuscript] SOURCE OF FUNDING: Nonprofit, foundations: European Research Group on Periodontology, Genova, Italy; other: Accademia Toscana di Ricerca Odontostomatologica, Florence, Italy TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936010/new-insights-on-the-composition-and-the-structure-of-the-acellular-extrinsic-fiber-cementum-by-raman-analysis
#6
Thomas Colard, Guillaume Falgayrac, Benoit Bertrand, Stephan Naji, Olivier Devos, Clara Balsack, Yann Delannoy, Guillaume Penel
Acellular extrinsic fiber cementum is a mineralized tissue that covers the cervical half of the tooth root surface. It contains mainly extrinsic or Sharpey's fibers that run perpendicular to the root surface to anchor the tooth via the periodontal ligament. Acellular cementum is continuously and slowly produced throughout life and exhibits an alternating bright and dark pattern under light microscopy. However, although a better understanding of the structural background of acellular cementum is relevant to many fields, such as cementochronology, periodontology and tissue engineering, acellular cementum remains rarely studied and poorly understood...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899029/treatment-compliance-in-patients-with-aggressive-periodontitis-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#7
Carolina Modin, Denise Abadji, Lottie Adler, Leif Jansson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if differences according to discontinuation of treatment could be identified between patients with aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis at two specialist clinics of periodontology irrespective of the effects of background factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study. The variables were registered from dental records. The population consisted of patients referred to two specialist clinics of periodontology during three years...
March 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862138/risk-factors-in-periodontology-a-conceptual-framework
#8
Philippe Bouchard, Maria Clotilde Carra, Adrien Boillot, Francis Mora, Hélène Rangé
AIM: The definition and assessment of risk factors, risk indicators and predisposing factors are of paramount importance in the understanding of the pathogenesis of periodontitis, as well as in its prevention and treatment. This article aims to emphasize the concepts of causal chains and the causal network of risk factors in periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a narrative review focusing on two main questions: (1) what is a risk in periodontology? and (2) how can a risk be assessed? RESULTS: The probability of the occurrence of an adverse outcome following exposure is not sufficient to analyse the impact of a risk factor on the disease...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857819/osseointegration-of-dental-implants-in-a-patient-with-hajdu-cheney-syndrome
#9
Panagiota Dokou, Ioannis K Karoussis, George Papavasiliou, Phophi Kamposiora, Theophilos P Vrahopoulos, John A Vrotsos
BACKGROUND: Hajdu-Cheney Syndrome (HCS) is a rare hereditary bone metabolism disorder characterized by acro-osteolysis, short stature, craniofacial changes, periodontitis and premature tooth loss. Extensive search of the current literature revealed no reports of implant placement in patients with HCS. CASE REPORT: A 22-year old woman with osteoporosis, generalized advanced chronic periodontitis and premature tooth loss was referred to the Postgraduate Clinic of Periodontology, University of Athens-Greece...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814584/enhanced-periodontal-regeneration-using-collagen-stem-cells-or-growth-factors
#10
Tanja Basan, Daniel Welly, Katja Kriebel, Malte Scholz, Anne Brosemann, Jan Liese, Brigitte Vollmar, Bernhard Frerich, Hermann Lang
The regeneration of periodontal tissues still remains a challenge in periodontology. The aim of the present study was to examine the regenerative potential of a) different collagen support versus blank, b) different collagen support +/- a growth factor cocktail (GF) and c) a collagen powder versus collagen powder + periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) comparatively in a large animal model. The stem cells (SC) were isolated from extracted teeth of 15 adult miniature pigs. A total of 60 class II furcation defects were treated with the materials named above...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800214/levels-of-common-salivary-protein-1-in-healthy-subjects-and-periodontal-patients
#11
Seok-Mo Heo, Sol Lee, HongTao Wang, Jeong Hyeok Jeong, Sang Wook Oh
PURPOSE: Human saliva, as a vital part of the immune defense system, contains a number of distinct proteins and peptides. Recently human common salivary protein 1 (CSP1) has been identified as an abundant salivary protein and may play a role in promoting the binding of cariogenic bacteria to salivary pellicles. However, nothing else is known regarding the role of CSP1 in periodontology. The aim of this study was to quantify and compare CSP1 levels between healthy subjects and periodontal patients...
October 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798338/dietary-fiber-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-periodontal-disease-among-us-adults
#12
Samara Joy Nielsen, Maria Angelica Trak-Fellermeier, Kaumudi Joshipura, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Approximately 47% of adults in the United States have periodontal disease. Dietary guidelines recommend a diet providing adequate fiber. Healthier dietary habits, particularly an increased fiber intake, may contribute to periodontal disease prevention. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the relation of dietary fiber intake and its sources with periodontal disease in the US adult population (≥30 y of age). METHODS: Data from 6052 adults participating in NHANES 2009-2012 were used...
December 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743448/effect-of-supragingival-irrigation-with-aerosolized-0-5-hydrogen-peroxide-on-clinical-periodontal-parameters-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-and-morphology-of-gingival-tissues-in-patients-with-periodontitis
#13
Gediminas Žekonis, Jonas Žekonis, Alvydas Gleiznys, Viktorija Noreikienė, Ingrida Balnytė, Renata Šadzevičienė, Julija Narbutaitė
BACKGROUND Various studies have shown that non-surgical periodontal treatment is correlated with reduction in clinical parameters and plasma levels of inflammatory markers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term weekly supragingival irrigations with aerosolized 0.5% hydrogen peroxide as maintenance therapy followed by non-surgical periodontal treatment on clinical parameters, plasma levels of inflammatory markers, and morphological changes in gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis...
October 15, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629857/photodynamic-therapy-as-a-promising-method-used-in-the-treatment-of-oral-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Ewa J Prażmo, Mirosław Kwaśny, Mariusz Łapiński, Agnieszka Mielczarek
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) consists of three elements: photosensitizer, light and oxygen. The photosensitizer has the property of selective accumulation in abnormal or infected tissues without causing any damage to the healthy cells. This innovative therapeutic method has already been successfully adapted in many fields of medicine, e.g. dermatology, gynecology, urology and cancer therapy. Dentistry is also beginning to incorporate photodisinfection for treatment of the oral cavity. The antibacterial and fungicidal properties of the photosensitizer have been used to achieve better results in root canal treatment, periodontal therapy and the eradication of candidiasis in prosthodontics...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627556/the-distribution-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-tannerella-forsythia-treponema-denticola-and-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-in-patients-with-alcoholic-disease-a-pilot-study
#15
Aleksandra Sender-Janeczek, Marek Ziętek
BACKGROUND: Both drinking and periodontal disease are serious health and social problems. Findings on the effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal disease are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in patients with alcoholic disease, the composition of the main periopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 25 alcoholics from the Department of Alcohol Addiction Closed Treatment and 25 non-alcoholic patients from the Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557997/frequency-of-peri-implant-diseases-and-associated-factors
#16
Bruno César de Vasconcelos Gurgel, Sheyla Christine Lira Montenegro, Poliana Medeiros Cunha Dantas, Ana Luísa de Barros Pascoal, Kenio Costa Lima, Patrícia Dos Santos Calderon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of peri-implant diseases and factors associated with its occurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five patients with dental implants were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. Dental implants were clinically and radiographically evaluated to diagnose their peri-implant condition, according to Mombelli (Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop on Periodontology, 1999, Quintessence, London). Associations between peri-implant diseases and independent variables (socioeconomic, demographic and periodontal characteristics) were evaluated through bivariate analysis with chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests, as well as by multiple logistic regression...
August 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548670/practice-profile-of-periodontists-in-canada-a-national-survey
#17
Aditya B Patel, Debora C Matthews, Edmond Ghiabi
OBJECTIVE: To document the profile of periodontists in private practice in Canada in terms of services provided and referral patterns. METHODS: An online survey consisted on 45 questions in 3 categories: demographics, referral patterns and periodontal procedures performed. The sampling frame consisted of all active members of the Canadian Academy of Periodontology (n= 280). Letters and email containing links to the online survey were used to invite participants and to send reminders to non-respondents on days 7, 21 and 49...
March 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523451/therapeutic-potential-of-melatonin-in-oral-medicine-and-periodontology
#18
REVIEW
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine) is a substance secreted by multiple organs in vertebrates. In addition to playing a part in the circadian cycle of the body, melatonin is known to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antioncotic effects on human tissues. Oral cavity is affected by a number of conditions such as periodontitis, mucositis, cancers, and cytotoxicity from various drugs or biomaterials. Research has suggested that melatonin is effective in treating the aforementioned pathologies. Furthermore, melatonin has been observed to enhance osseointegration and bone regeneration...
August 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504410/comparative-evaluation-of-ciprofloxacin-levels-in-gcf-and-plasma-of-chronic-periodontitis-patients-quasi-experimental-study
#19
Madhavi Alamanda, Sunil Kumar Denthumdas, Umesh Wadgave, Pooja Mohan Pharne, Sandeep Jambukumar Patil, Sirisha Kondreddi, Pavan Deshpande, Rajesh Suresh Koppikar
INTRODUCTION: For any antimicrobial approach to be successful in periodontal therapy, it is important that the antimicrobial agent targets the sub-gingival biofilm by attaining sufficient concentration at the sub-gingival site. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine and compare the concentrations of ciprofloxacin present in Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) and plasma after its systemic administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 subjects, in the age group of 30-60 years satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were chosen from the outpatient Department of Periodontology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad and consent was obtained...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501487/geriatric-periodontology-how-the-need-to-care-for-the-aging-population-can-influence-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#20
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
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