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periodontics, periodontology

James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on Periodontal Profile Class (PPC), a component of the Periodontal Profile Phenotype (P3 ) System that may be more representative of the periodontitis phenotype than current case definitions of periodontitis. Data illustrate the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other commonly used periodontal classification indices. METHODS: Latent Class Analysis (LCA) identified discrete classes of individuals grouped by tooth-level clinical parameters...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the Periodontal Profile Class (PPC) System that may be more informative and representative of periodontitis phenotypes than current case definitions of periodontitis. This study illustrates the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other periodontal indices for studying associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions. METHODS: We computed odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals to compare associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions using our new PPC and two traditional indices...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ana P Ortiz, Daisy González, Jeslie Ramos, Cristina Muñoz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Despite limited data, research suggests that marijuana use is associated with oral HPV infection and periodontitis, two potential oropharyngeal cancer risk factors. We assessed these associations in a Hispanic adult population in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 735 adults assessed marijuana use, determined through an audio computer-assisted self-interview, and periodontitis and self-collection of oral HPV samples following the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Allison K Marlow, Yusuke Hamada, Gerardo Maupome, George J Eckert, Vanchit John
Diagnosis and treatment planning for periodontal disease are fraught with challenges because of the complex and multifactorial nature of the disease as well as the inherent variability in interpretation of clinical findings. It is important for all practitioners to be accurate and consistent in formulating diagnoses based on the American Academy of Periodontology classification guidelines and to implement treatment plans to adequately address patients' needs. The aim of this study was to compare diagnoses and treatment plans among four groups of participants: full-time and part-time periodontology faculty at Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), full-time and part-time IUSD general practice faculty, full-time periodontists in private practice, and full-time general practitioners in private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
P C Jia, G Yang, W J Hu, Y J Zhao, M Q Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accuracy of periapical film in evaluating the infrabone root surface area of single-root teeth with different types of resorption of the alveolar bone. METHODS: In this study, the medical records and imaging data of patients in Department of Periodontology of Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analysed. The involved teeth were divided into two groups: horizontal bone loss group and vertical bone loss group...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Debra A Murphy, Steven Vitero, Bruce A Dye, Thomas R Belin, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, MA users were recruited with a combination of snowball sampling and street outreach techniques. Three dentists, trained and calibrated to the oral assessments used in the National Health and Nutrition Survey, measured and recorded the participants' attachment loss, probing depth, and gingival recession...
March 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
M Gürsoy, A Wilensky, N Claffey, D Herrera, P M Preshaw, M Sanz, U Schlagenhauf, L Trombelli, K Demirel
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to evaluate whether periodontal education and assessment in undergraduate dental curricula amongst the member countries of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) follow the competency-based curricular guidelines and recommendations developed by the Association for Dental Education in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was emailed to 244 dental institutes amongst the 24 EFP member countries between November 2014 and July 2015...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Johan Peter Woelber, Jonathan Fleiner, Julia Rau, Petra Ratka-Krüger, Christian Hannig
A systematic literature review was performed regarding the accuracy and usefulness of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the field of periodontology. A total of 580 articles were identified, of which 13 met the inclusion criteria. Results showed a high accuracy of CBCT in visualizing periodontal structures and the demonstrated the usefulness of CBCT in regenerative periodontal surgery of maxillary molars. It remains questionable whether this gain of additional information actually leads to a better clinical outcome in periodontal treatment...
March 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Radha Madhavanpillai Baiju, Elbe Peter, Nettiyat Oommen Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram, David Iloyd Streiner
Context: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) have become primary or secondary outcome measure in clinical trials and epidemiological studies in Medicine and Dentistry in general and Periodontology in particular. PROs are patients' self-perceptions about consequences of a disease or its treatment. They can be used to measure the impact of the disease or the effect of its treatment. There are insufficient data in Periodontology related to scale development methodology although, recently, there is an increase in the number of published studies utilizing such tools in major journals...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
L Westover, G Faulkner, C Flores-Mir, W Hodgetts, D Raboud
In this paper we present the development of the Advanced System for Implant Stability Testing (ASIST) for application to natural teeth. The ASIST uses an impact measurement combined with an analytical model of the system and surrounding support to provide a measure of the interface stiffness. In this study, an analytical model is developed for a single-rooted natural tooth allowing the ASIST to estimate the stiffness characteristics of the periodontal ligament (PDL). The geometry and inertia parameters of the tooth model are presented in two ways: (1) using full CT scans of the individual tooth and (2) using an approximate geometry model with estimates of only the tooth length and diameter...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Stefanie Samietz, Clemens Jürgens, Till Ittermann, Birte Holtfreter, Christiane Pink, Sabine Schipf, Reiner Biffar, Henry Völzke, Thomas Kocher, Frank Tost
AIM: To investigate the relation between oral health status and microcirculation we analyzed the association between periodontitis and number of teeth with retinal vessel diameters. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4420 subjects from the Study-of-Health-in-Pomerania-TREND (SHIP-TREND). All subjects (3183 for number of teeth, 3013 for mean probing depth, 2894 for mean attachment level) underwent nonmydriatic funduscopy and dental examination. We measured central retinal arteriolar (CRAE), venular (CRVE) vessel diameters and calculated arterio-venous-ratio (AVR) from static-vessel-analysis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Raisa Queiroz Catunda, Liran Levin, Ida Kornerup, Monica Prasad Gibson
Periodontitis is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in the adult population. This disease can be classified into various categories, and one of the most destructive amongst them is aggressive periodontitis (AgP). The incidence of AgP is lower than other types of periodontitis. However, it affects young individuals and can cause severe destruction of tooth-supporting structures including tooth loss if left untreated. The current classification for diagnosing periodontal disease was established by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) in 1999...
January 22, 2018: Quintessence International
Sonam Mufti, Sarvagna Mayank Dadawala, Phoram Patel, Monali Shah, Deepak Harish Dave
Background: One of the most common aesthetic problem encountered in the field of periodontology is gingival recession, which is, perceived by the patients as increase in length of teeth. The treatment of buccal gingival recession is a common requirement due to aesthetic concern or root sensitivity. This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of PRF membrane compared to that of CTG in Miller's class I gingival recessions. Materials and Methods: 32 sites with Miller's Class I gingival recessions, out of which 16 sites received PRF (test) and 16 sites received CTG (control)...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
A Milosavljevic, A Stavropoulos, V Descroix, B Götrick
AIM: To evaluate differences between last-year dental students in Paris (F) and Malmö (SE) Dental Schools, in regard to their judgement and decision-making within periodontology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six last-year dental students from Paris and 45 from Malmö participated in a questionnaire study based on four patient cases: (i) Patient case with generalised alveolar bone loss but no signs of inflammation (Well-maintained), (ii) Patient case with generalised alveolar bone loss and signs of inflammation (Periodontitis), (iii) Patient case with no alveolar bone loss and no signs of inflammation (Healthy) and (iv) Patient case with no alveolar bone loss but with signs of inflammation (Gingivitis)...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Carolina Manresa, Elena C Sanz-Miralles, Joshua Twigg, Manuel Bravo
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a bacterially-induced, chronic inflammatory disease that destroys the connective tissues and bone that support teeth. Active periodontal treatment aims to reduce the inflammatory response, primarily through eradication of bacterial deposits. Following completion of treatment and arrest of inflammation, supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) is employed to reduce the probability of re-infection and progression of the disease; to maintain teeth without pain, excessive mobility or persistent infection in the long term, and to prevent related oral diseases...
January 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Noha Ayman Ghallab
OBJECTIVES: The holy grail of biomarker research in periodontology is to develop a high impact diagnostics which have a significant impact on clinical decision-making, patient outcomes and healthcare providers. In the field of periodontal diagnostics, oral fluid-based biomarkers have been studied mainly in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the Cochrane library and PubMed databases from 2000 to January 2017...
December 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
David Polak, Lior Shapira
AIM: To provide an update of the review by Taylor (Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 2013, 40, S113) regarding the scientific evidence of the biological association between periodontitis and diabetes. METHODS: Literature searches were performed using MeSH terms, keywords and title words and were published between 2012 and November 2016. All publications were screened for their relevance. The data from the articles were extracted and summarized in tables and a narrative review...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Mariano Sanz, Antonio Ceriello, Martin Buysschaert, Iain Chapple, Ryan T Demmer, Filippo Graziani, David Herrera, Søren Jepsen, Luca Lione, Phoebus Madianos, Manu Mathur, Eduard Montanya, Lior Shapira, Maurizio Tonetti, Daniel Vegh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontitis are chronic non-communicable diseases independently associated with mortality and have a bidirectional relationship. AIMS: To update the evidence for their epidemiological and mechanistic associations and re-examine the impact of effective periodontal therapy upon metabolic control (glycated haemoglobin, HbA1C). EPIDEMIOLOGY: There is strong evidence that people with periodontitis have elevated risk for dysglycaemia and insulin resistance...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
André Ricardo Maia Correia, Fábio Daniel da Silva Lobo, Mónica Célia Pereira Miranda, Filipe Miguel Soares Framegas de Araújo, Tiago Miguel Santos Marques
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of removable partial dentures affects the periodontal status of abutment teeth. An observational cross-sectional study was done on a sample of patients rehabilitated with removable partial dentures (2010 to 2013). At a recall appointment, a clinical examination was done to collect data related to the rehabilitation and periodontal status of the abutment teeth. Of 145 invited patients, 54 attended the requested follow-up appointment (37.2%). Mean patient age was 59...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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