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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778881/polymerase-chain-reaction-pcr-based-methods-promising-molecular-tools-in-dentistry
#1
REVIEW
Shahriar Shahi, Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Nazanin Fathi, Simin Sharifi
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a popular diagnosis and research technique in dentistry. Several studies show that its high sensitivity and specificity allow it as a precise, efficient, and rapid method for detection, identification, and quantification of microorganism. Several genetic polymorphisms can be determined along with detection of immune and inflammatory markers, therefore providing the more accurate perception into the mechanisms underlying the dental and periodontal disease. This review paper discusses the application of PCR as a diagnostic technique in periodontology, endodontic infections, implant-related, and peri-implantitis infection, immune and inflammatory markers identification and genetic polymorphism as well as application of next generation sequencing and gene microarray technology in dentistry mentioned...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769770/clinical-and-histological-evaluation-on-application-of-platelet-concentrates-on-depigmented-gingival-epithelium
#2
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Background: The platelet concentrate is a windfall in the field of regenerative therapy in periodontology. It accelerates wound healing by excellent neovascularization and promoting fast cicatricle tissue remodeling. Aim: This study aims to evaluate clinically and histologically accelerated effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane and PRF matrix (PRFM) following depigmentation procedure. Materials and Methods: Eleven individuals were divided into three groups after depigmentation procedure...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747793/reporting-quality-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-periodontal-diseases-in-journal-abstracts-a-cross-sectional-survey-and-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Satish Kumar, Husain Mohammad, Hita Vora, Kian Kar
OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) by proper design, conduct, analysis, and reporting provide reliable information in clinical care. Reporting of RCT abstracts is of equal importance as there is evidence that many clinicians will change their clinical decisions based on RCT abstracts. The reporting quality of RCT abstracts has been suboptimal. It is not clear whether the reporting quality is related to the journal metrics. The main objective of this study is to conduct a cross-sectional survey to evaluate the reporting quality of RCTs of periodontal diseases in journal abstracts and to perform a bibliometric analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693260/american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-consensus-statement-on-the-efficacy-of-laser-therapy-used-alone-or-as-an-adjunct-to-non-surgical-and-surgical-treatment-of-periodontitis-and-peri-implant-diseases
#4
Michael P Mills, Paul S Rosen, Leandro Chambrone, Henry Greenwell, Richard T Kao, Perry R Klokkevold, Bradley S McAllister, Mark A Reynolds, Georgios E Romanos, Hom-Lay Wang
The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recently embarked on a Best Evidence Consensus (BEC) model of scientific inquiry to address questions of clinical importance in the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant diseases. For each focused question addressed below, there is a critical mass of evidence. However, standing alone, that evidence is, in the judgment of the Expert Panel convened by the AAP, insufficient to support broad conclusions and/or clinical practice guidelines. This article is protected by copyright...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682757/infrared-lasers-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-periodontitis-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review
#5
Leandro Chambrone, Umberto D Ramos, Mark A Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assesses the efficacy of infrared laser therapy used alone or as an adjunct to nonsurgical or surgical periodontal therapy, on clinical and patient-centered outcomes in patients with periodontitis. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with a follow-up duration ≥ 3 months that evaluated root surface debridement (i.e., scaling and root debridement with or without surgical access) to laser therapy alone or laser therapy plus root surface debridement for the treatment of adult patients (≥18 years old) with moderate to severe aggressive or chronic periodontitis were considered eligible for inclusion...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611224/self-report-assessment-of-severe-periodontitis-periodontal-screening-score-development
#6
Maria Clotilde Carra, Alice Gueguen, Frédérique Thomas, Bruno Pannier, Giuseppina Caligiuri, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Marie Zins, Philippe Bouchard
AIM: To derive from a validated questionnaire a periodontal screening score, intended as an user-friendly tool to identify individuals at risk of periodontitis in epidemiological studies. METHODS: A French 12-item self-reported questionnaire was developed by translating English questions previously used for periodontitis screening and surveillance. After a cognitive evaluation, the questionnaire was validated in a sample of 232 individuals (mean age: 46.1±12.6 years) receiving full-mouth periodontal examination, including probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level recordings...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568030/periodontal-disease-has-an-impact-on-patients-quality-of-life
#7
Ian Reynolds, Brett Duane
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, OpenGrey, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and a hand search of the bibliographies of retrieved publications.Study selectionTwo reviewers screened the title and abstract of 1134 studies from the literature and selected 37 suitable publications for inclusion following full text analysis of 109 papers and agreement between both reviewers. The search included observational, epidemiological studies and clinical trials that fufilled the inclusion criteria...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557404/increasing-prominence-of-implantology-research-a-chronological-trend-analysis-of-100-top-cited-articles-in-periodontal-journals
#8
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Chi-Chun Su, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Yu-Chiao Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
PURPOSE: To identify 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals and analyse the research trends by using citation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals were retrieved by searching the database of the ISI Web of Science and Journal Citation reports. For each article, the following principal bibliometric parameters: authorship, geographic and institute origin, manuscript type, study design, scope of study, and citation count of each time period were analysed from 1965 to 2015...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555599/periodontitis-and-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-hispanic-adults
#9
Ana Patricia Ortiz, Daisy González, José Vivaldi-Oliver, Maira Castañeda, Vivian Rivera, Elba Díaz, Hilmaris Centeno, Cristina Muñoz, Joel Palefsky, Kaumudi Joshipura, Cynthia M Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Research on the association between periodontitis and oral human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is inconsistent. The cross-sectional association of severe periodontitis with oral HPV infection was investigated in a sample of Hispanic adults. METHODS: Data from the 2014-2016 San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (n=740) was analyzed. Periodontitis assessment and self-collection of oral HPV samples followed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
March 16, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548308/prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-among-mine-workers-of-zonguldak-kozlu-district-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Murat İnanç Cengiz, Büşra Zengin, Murat İçen, Firüzan Köktürk
BACKGROUND: Occupational injuries cause major health problems in all nations. Coal mining is one of the largest, oldest industries in the world. However, there is relatively little available literature concerning the health status of coal miners. The purpose of this work is to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among coal miners and provide a basis for planning and evaluating the data from community oral health services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted 106 men selected based on a stratified cluster sampling procedure...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520827/in-search-of-appropriate-measures-of-periodontal-status-the-periodontal-profile-phenotype-p-3-system
#11
James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on Periodontal Profile Class (PPC), a component of the Periodontal Profile Phenotype (P3 ) System that may be more representative of the periodontitis phenotype than current case definitions of periodontitis. Data illustrate the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other commonly used periodontal classification indices. METHODS: Latent Class Analysis (LCA) identified discrete classes of individuals grouped by tooth-level clinical parameters...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520823/periodontal-profile-class-is-associated-with-prevalent-diabetes-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-systemic-markers-of-c-reactive-protein-and-interleukin-6
#12
James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the Periodontal Profile Class (PPC) System that may be more informative and representative of periodontitis phenotypes than current case definitions of periodontitis. This study illustrates the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other periodontal indices for studying associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions. METHODS: We computed odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals to compare associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions using our new PPC and two traditional indices...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520802/association-of-marijuana-use-with-oral-hpv-infection-and-periodontitis-among-hispanic-adults-implications-for-oral-cancer-prevention
#13
Ana P Ortiz, Daisy González, Jeslie Ramos, Cristina Muñoz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Despite limited data, research suggests that marijuana use is associated with oral HPV infection and periodontitis, two potential oropharyngeal cancer risk factors. We assessed these associations in a Hispanic adult population in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 735 adults assessed marijuana use, determined through an audio computer-assisted self-interview, and periodontitis and self-collection of oral HPV samples following the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508445/esthetics-in-periodontics-and-implantology
#14
REVIEW
Giovanni Zucchelli, Praveen Sharma, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
June 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496808/periodontal-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-among-indiana-dental-faculty-periodontists-and-general-practice-dentists-a-multi-group-comparison
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Allison K Marlow, Yusuke Hamada, Gerardo Maupome, George J Eckert, Vanchit John
Diagnosis and treatment planning for periodontal disease are fraught with challenges because of the complex and multifactorial nature of the disease as well as the inherent variability in interpretation of clinical findings. It is important for all practitioners to be accurate and consistent in formulating diagnoses based on the American Academy of Periodontology classification guidelines and to implement treatment plans to adequately address patients' needs. The aim of this study was to compare diagnoses and treatment plans among four groups of participants: full-time and part-time periodontology faculty at Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), full-time and part-time IUSD general practice faculty, full-time periodontists in private practice, and full-time general practitioners in private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483729/-preliminary-study-on-the-accuracy-of-infrabony-root-surface-area-of-single-root-teeth-by-periapical-films
#16
P C Jia, G Yang, W J Hu, Y J Zhao, M Q Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accuracy of periapical film in evaluating the infrabone root surface area of single-root teeth with different types of resorption of the alveolar bone. METHODS: In this study, the medical records and imaging data of patients in Department of Periodontology of Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analysed. The involved teeth were divided into two groups: horizontal bone loss group and vertical bone loss group...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478448/periodontal-status-of-current-methamphetamine-users
#17
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Debra A Murphy, Steven Vitero, Bruce A Dye, Thomas R Belin, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, MA users were recruited with a combination of snowball sampling and street outreach techniques. Three dentists, trained and calibrated to the oral assessments used in the National Health and Nutrition Survey, measured and recorded the participants' attachment loss, probing depth, and gingival recession...
March 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460375/periodontal-education-and-assessment-in-the-undergraduate-dental-curriculum-a-questionnaire-based-survey-in-european-countries
#18
M Gürsoy, A Wilensky, N Claffey, D Herrera, P M Preshaw, M Sanz, U Schlagenhauf, L Trombelli, K Demirel
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to evaluate whether periodontal education and assessment in undergraduate dental curricula amongst the member countries of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) follow the competency-based curricular guidelines and recommendations developed by the Association for Dental Education in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was emailed to 244 dental institutes amongst the 24 EFP member countries between November 2014 and July 2015...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447324/accuracy-and-usefulness-of-cbct-in-periodontology-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Johan Peter Woelber, Jonathan Fleiner, Julia Rau, Petra Ratka-Krüger, Christian Hannig
A systematic literature review was performed regarding the accuracy and usefulness of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the field of periodontology. A total of 580 articles were identified, of which 13 met the inclusion criteria. Results showed a high accuracy of CBCT in visualizing periodontal structures and the demonstrated the usefulness of CBCT in regenerative periodontal surgery of maxillary molars. It remains questionable whether this gain of additional information actually leads to a better clinical outcome in periodontal treatment...
March 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398851/what-makes-a-tool-appropriate-to-assess-patient-reported-outcomes-of-periodontal-disease
#20
Radha Madhavanpillai Baiju, Elbe Peter, Nettiyat Oommen Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram, David Iloyd Streiner
Context: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) have become primary or secondary outcome measure in clinical trials and epidemiological studies in Medicine and Dentistry in general and Periodontology in particular. PROs are patients' self-perceptions about consequences of a disease or its treatment. They can be used to measure the impact of the disease or the effect of its treatment. There are insufficient data in Periodontology related to scale development methodology although, recently, there is an increase in the number of published studies utilizing such tools in major journals...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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