keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mechanical cpr

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035676/the-molecular-mechanism-and-neuroprotective-effect-of-dihydrocapsaicin-induced-mild-hypothermia-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-rats
#1
Xiaopeng Zhong, Xiujuan Wang, Fei Fei, ManCui Zhang, Po Ding, Shiwu Zhang
To investigate the molecular mechanism of dihydrocapsaicin (DHC)-induced mild hypothermia in rats, and to compare its protective effect on the central nervous system with that of a conventional method of inducing hypothermia, 24 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups based on the following conditions: control group, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) group, body surface cooling group, and DHC group. Tracheal clipping was used to mimic asphyxia arrest. Rats were assessed for their neurological deficit scores...
October 16, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017660/-rhythm-analysis-in-cpr
#2
Yingying Hu, Jun Xu, Xuezhong Yu
It's necessary to interrupt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for a reliable automatic external defibrillator (AED) rhythm analysis, because the mechanical activity from the chest compressions introduces artifacts in the electrocardiogram (ECG) that substantially lower the capacity of an AED to judge cardio-electric rhythm. However, repeated interruptions of compression will reduce the quality of CPR, which in turn affect the prognosis of patients with cardiac arrest (CA). In order to improve the quality of CPR, reduce the interruptions of chest compression and implement accurate defibrillation, people have made many efforts on identifying ECG rhythm in CPR...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017652/-hydrogen-can-alleviate-post-cardiac-arrest-myocardium-injury-in-rabbits
#3
Jingao Wang, Jiyan Lin, Minwei Zhang, Yujing He, Xiaowen Pan, Chengbin Yang, Dongmei Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hydrogen (H2) on myocardium injury post-cardiac arrest (CA) in rabbits. METHODS: Sixty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into H2 treatment group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30) by random number table. The rabbit CA model was established by means of electrical stimulation of external membrane, both groups were mechanically ventilated. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed after 6 minutes of nonintervention, and stopped after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017651/-influence-of-rhubarb-extract-on-the-expression-of-ngal-and-il-18-in-the-kidney-of-rabbits-after-cpr
#4
Yong Dong, Jingqiong Zhan, Wen Xu, Xizhou Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the preventive effect and mechanism of Rhubarb extract on renal injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in rabbits with cardiac arrest (CA). METHODS: Twenty-four male Japanese big-ear rabbits were divided into sham operation group, CPR model group and Rhubarb pretreatment group by random number table method, with 8 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in Rhubarb pretreatment group were treated with Rhubarb extract 5 mL×kg(-1)×d(-1) for 7 days; and those in sham operation group and CPR model group were fed with 0...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993843/in-hospital-mortality-after-acute-stemi-in-patients-undergoing-primary-pci
#5
M Ali, S A Lange, T Wittlinger, G Lehnert, A G Rigopoulos, M Noutsias
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the main cause of global and in-hospital mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine the association between the coronary artery involved and the in-hospital mortality in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) after ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: The in-hospital mortality of STEMI patients who underwent pPCI was assessed at the Department of Cardiology, Harzklinik Goslar, Germany, which has no access to immediate mechanical circulatory support (MCS), between 2013 and 2017...
October 9, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983829/mechanical-ventilation-during-resuscitation-how-manual-chest-compressions-affect-a-ventilator-s-function
#6
Tillmann Speer, Wolfgang Dersch, Björn Kleine, Christian Neuhaus, Clemens Kill
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines for resuscitation recommend positive-pressure ventilation with a fixed ventilation rate as provided by an automated transport ventilator during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a secured airway. We investigated the influence of manual chest compressions (CC) on the accuracy of ventilator presets and the quality of CC with intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), bilevel ventilation (BiLevel), and the novel ventilation mode chest compression synchronized ventilation (CCSV) in a simulation model...
October 5, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969014/do-cancer-patients-with-dementia-receive-less-aggressive-treatment-in-end-of-life-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Huei-Kai Huang, Jyh-Gang Hsieh, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Ying-Wei Wang
Dementia is a progressive, incurable disease that can deprive patients of the ability to make decisions. This study determines whether dementia influences the medical care that a cancer patient receives at the end of life. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study on patients aged ≥20 with newly diagnosed cancer during 2000-2012. After matching to reduce confounders, there were 7,111 patients with and 28,444 without dementia. The adjusted odd ratios (OR) for medical interventions, including intensive care, palliative care, invasive procedures, and advanced diagnostic testing, were calculated for the final month and three months of life by a multiple logistic regression model...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947391/could-post-mortem-computed-tomography-angiography-inform-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-research
#8
Guy N Rutty, Claire Robinson, Jasmin Amoroso, Tim Coats, Bruno Morgan
AIM: Firstly, to develop an optimised chest compression post mortem computed tomography angiography protocol in the adult human during closed chest compression to investigate cardiopulmonary resuscitation blood flow, and secondly to provide preliminary observations of post-mortem anatomical cardiac chamber movement using a novel radiolucent static chest compression device. METHODS: Variable volumes of radiological contrast agent were injected intravenously into a series of consented human cadavers...
September 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943140/hospital-to-home-a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-implement-high-fidelity-simulation-training-for-caregivers-of-children-requiring-long-term-mechanical-ventilation
#9
Jodi Thrasher, Joyce Baker, Kathleen M Ventre, Sara E Martin, Jessica Dawson, Roberta Cox, Heather M Moore, Sarah Brethouwer, Sharon Sables-Baus, Christopher D Baker
BACKGROUND: Preparing families of children requiring long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV) to manage medical emergencies at home is challenging. Opportunities for family caregivers to rehearse crisis management in a controlled setting before discharge are limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to create a multimodal discharge preparedness curriculum, incorporating high-fidelity simulation training, to prepare family caregivers of children with complex medical conditions requiring long-term mechanical ventilation...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936966/-progress-of-mechanical-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#10
Cai Wen, Tao Yu, Lixiang Wang
Mechanical ventilation is regarded as an effective means of replacing artificial ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) patients. However, there are still some controversial issues remaining to be settled, such as the assessment of the effectiveness of mechanical ventilation, the selection of the optimal oxygen concentration (FiO2), tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency, and mode of ventilation during the CPR process. The pros and cons of positive pressure ventilation are also inconclusive...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#11
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927640/language-experience-dependent-advantage-in-pitch-representation-in-the-auditory-cortex-is-limited-to-favorable-signal-to-noise-ratios
#12
Chandan H Suresh, Ananthanarayan Krishnan, Jackson T Gandour
Long-term experience enhances neural representation of temporal attributes of pitch in the brainstem and auditory cortex in favorable listening conditions. Herein we examine whether cortical pitch mechanisms shaped by language experience are more resilient to degradation in background noise, and exhibit greater binaural release from masking (BRM). Cortical pitch responses (CPR) were recorded from Mandarin- and English-speaking natives using a Mandarin word exhibiting a high rising pitch (/yi(2)/). Stimuli were presented diotically in Quiet, and in noise at +5, and 0 dB SNR...
September 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919827/is-a-mechanical-assist-device-better-than-manual-chest-compression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Thidathit Prachanukool, Kasamon Aramvanitch, Nuttamon Thongwichit, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Yuwares Sittichanbuncha
BACKGROUND: Chest compression quality is a determinant of survival from sudden cardiac arrest. The CPR RsQ Assist Device (CPR RAD) is a new cardiopulmonary resuscitation device for chest compression. It is operated manually but it does not pull up on the chest on the up stroke. The aim of this study was to compare the CPR RAD with standard manual compression in terms of chest compression quality in a manikin model. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to either the device or manual chest compression group...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915219/intrabronchial-catheter-resuscitation-for-respiratory-and-cardiorespiratory-arrest
#14
Jeffrey S Wolf, Andrea Hebert, Pablo Sanchez, Marniker Wijesinha, Scott Shapiro, Robert Morales, Aldo T Iacono
INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine whether intrabronchial oxygenation would provide adequate gas exchange during both anesthesia induced apneic and cardiopulmonary arrest and cardiac massage (CPR). METHODS: Ten pigs underwent general anesthesia with mechanical ventilation. Blood gases were measured in each animal at 4 min intervals for up to 28 min. An intrabronchial catheter (4 L/min O2) was inserted through an endotracheal tube after respirator cessation. Group A animals (6) were resuscitated with the catheter but without CPR...
September 14, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887708/long-term-clinical-results-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-at-the-left-main-trunk-requiring-percutaneous-cardiopulmonary-support
#15
Takashi Yamauchi, Takafumi Masai, Kenji Fujii, Yoshiki Sawa, Shinya Shirai, Mitsunori Kamigaki, Naofumi Itou
The clinical results of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at the left main trunk (LMT) remain unclear, especially in cases requiring percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS). Twenty seven cases of AMI at the LMT requiring emergent PCPS were retrospectively investigated. These 27 patients were aged 44-83 years (65.6 ± 8.6 years) and 20 (81.5%) were men. Peak creatine kinase (CK) leakage ranged from 538 to 34,010 IU/l (13,553 ± 7656 IU/l). Eight (29.6%) patients were discharged without mechanical support...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887268/association-of-advance-directives-completion-with-the-utilization-of-life-sustaining-treatments-during-the-end-of-life-care-in-older-patients
#16
Yung-Feng Yen, Li-Ying Huang, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Wen-Jung Sun, Ming-Chung Ko, Ya-Ling Lee, Sheng-Jean Huang, Dachen Chu
CONTEXT: Evidence is mixed regarding the impact of advance directives (AD) on the utilisation of end-of-life treatments. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of AD on the utilization of end-of-life treatments during the last month of life in older patients. METHODS: Taipei City Hospital initiated an advance care planning (ACP) program to promote AD for admitted patients in 2015. This prospective study recruited deceased older patients who completed ACP communication between 2015 and 2016...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885969/the-use-of-the-abdominal-aortic-and-junctional-tourniquet-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-following-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-in-swine
#17
Jason Rall, Jennifer M Cox, Joseph Maddry
BACKGROUND: Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is ineffective in treating traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) following hemorrhagic shock despite fluid resuscitation. CPR adjuncts, including abdominal compressions and external counter pressure, have shown some success in laboratory settings. The Abdominal Aortic and Junctional Tourniquet (AAJT) is a device that occludes both venous and arterial blood at the level of the aortic bifurcation and likely increases thoracic pressure when applied to the abdomen...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885112/management-of-failing-bioprosthesis-in-elderly-patients-who-have-undergone-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Ozan M Demir, Neil Ruparelia, Angela Frame, Sayan Sen, Ghada W Mikhail, Michael Fertleman, Iqbal S Malik
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has revolutionized the treatment of symptomatic aortic stenosis. The number of TAVR procedures is expected to increase exponentially in the next decade. Therefore, patients will inevitably present with signs and symptoms attributable to TAVR bioprosthesis failure many years after an acutely successful procedure. Their management will become increasing important moving forward. Areas covered: The aim of this article is to review the causes of bioprosthesis failure and outline optimal management strategies in elderly patients...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870718/four-year-experience-of-providing-mobile-extracorporeal-life-support-to-out-of-center-patients-within-a-suprainstitutional-network-outcome-of-160-consecutively-treated-patients
#19
Hug Aubin, George Petrov, Hannan Dalyanoglu, Maximillian Richter, Diyar Saeed, Payam Akhyari, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Alexander Albert, Artur Lichtenberg
AIM: Mobile extracorporeal life support (ECLS) may soon be on the verge to become a fundamental part of emergency medicine. Here, we report on our four-year experience of providing advanced mechanical circulatory support for out-of-center patients within the Düsseldorf ECLS Network (DELSN). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyses the outcome of 160 patients with refractory circulatory failure consecutively treated with mobile veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vaECMO) between July 2011 and October 2015 within the DELSN...
September 11, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865481/members-of-the-candidate-phyla-radiation-are-functionally-differentiated-by-carbon-and-nitrogen-cycling-capabilities
#20
R E Danczak, M D Johnston, C Kenah, M Slattery, K C Wrighton, M J Wilkins
BACKGROUND: The Candidate Phyla Radiation (CPR) is a recently described expansion of the tree of life that represents more than 15% of all bacterial diversity and potentially contains over 70 different phyla. Despite this broad phylogenetic variation, these microorganisms appear to feature little functional diversity, with members generally characterized as obligate fermenters. Additionally, much of the data describing CPR phyla has been generated from a limited number of environments, constraining our knowledge of their functional roles and biogeographical distribution...
September 2, 2017: Microbiome
keyword
keyword
41601
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"