keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Firefighter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208688/the-impact-of-heat-exposure-and-sleep-restriction-on-firefighters-work-performance-and-physiology-during-simulated-wildfire-suppression
#1
Grace E Vincent, Brad Aisbett, Brianna Larsen, Nicola D Ridgers, Rod Snow, Sally A Ferguson
This study was designed to examine the effects of ambient heat on firefighters' physical task performance, and physiological and perceptual responses when sleep restricted during simulated wildfire conditions. Thirty firefighters were randomly allocated to the sleep restricted (n = 17, SR; 19 °C, 4-h sleep opportunity) or hot and sleep restricted (n = 13, HOT + SR; 33 °C, 4-h sleep opportunity) condition. Firefighters performed two days of simulated, intermittent, self-paced work circuits comprising six firefighting tasks...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196830/the-benefits-of-data-linkage-for-firefighter-injury-surveillance
#2
Shannon A Widman, Michael T LeVasseur, Loni P Tabb, Jennifer A Taylor
BACKGROUND: While survey data are available for national estimates of fire events and firefighter fatalities, data on firefighter injury at the national and local levels remain incomplete and unreliable. Data linkage provides a vehicle to maximise case detection and deepen injury description for the US fire service. METHODS: By linking departmental Human Resources records, despatch data, workers' compensation and first reports of injury, researchers were able to describe reported non-fatal injuries to 3063 uniformed members of the Philadelphia Fire Department (PFD), for the period of 2005 through 2013...
February 14, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178594/the-effects-of-fluoride-based-fire-fighting-foams-on-soil-microbiota-activity-and-plant-growth-during-natural-attenuation-of-perfluorinated-compounds
#3
Renato Nallin Montagnolli, Paulo Renato Matos Lopes, Jaqueline Matos Cruz, Elis Marina Turini Claro, Gabriela Mercuri Quiterio, Ederio Dino Bidoia
The use of fluoride based foams increases the effectiveness of fire-fighting operations, but they are also accompanied by major drawbacks regarding environmental safety of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). The main concern with PFCs release is due to their well-known persistence and bioaccumulative potential, as they have been detected in many environmental samples. There is a significant knowledge gap on PFC toxicity to plants, even though such data could be useful towards bioremediation procedures. It is consensus that a realistic assessment of fire-fighting foam toxicity should cover as many test organisms as possible, however, few studies combine the performance of ecotoxicological tests with a detailed study of microbial communities in soil contaminated with firefighting foams...
January 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157765/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-related-factors-in-korean-career-firefighters-in-comparisons-with-other-occupational-groups
#4
Wongyu Lee, Jaehee Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its relationships with socio-demographic and lifestyle-related factors in firefighters comparing it to general workers. METHODS: Data from 257 Korean men career firefighters and 1064 Korean men workers were analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the prevalence of MS between firefighters (21.4%) and general workers (25.6%). We found that age and obesity were independent risk factors for MS in both firefighters and general workers...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112562/determination-of-orientation-and-practice-requirements-when-using-an-obstacle-course-for-mobility-performance-assessment
#5
Thomas Karakolis, Brittany A Sinclair, Alison Kelly, Phil Terhaar, Linda L M Bossi
OBJECTIVE: Determine effect of orientation (introduction and familiarization) and practice (repeated performance) on human performance under various load conditions as assessed by an obstacle course. BACKGROUND: Obstacle courses are commonly used as screening tools by military, police, and firefighters or to assess human capabilities and the effect of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) and other occupationally necessary equipment on mobility task performance...
January 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107715/metabolical-shifts-towards-alternative-btex-biodegradation-intermediates-induced-by-perfluorinated-compounds-in-firefighting-foams
#6
Renato Nallin Montagnolli, Paulo Renato Matos Lopes, Jaqueline Matos Cruz, Marina Turini Claro, Gabriela Mercuri Quiterio, Ederio Dino Bidoia
The type and concentration of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) can induce different types of enzymes and promote alternate patterns of BTEX transformation. However, it is not known how the presence of active fluorocarbon-degrading microbial populations affects the transformation of BTEX. In addition to chemical analysis at the molecular level, our research approached the aqueous film forming fire-fighting foams (AFFF) and BTEX co-contamination at a large-scale with respirometers to quantify the total microbial metabolism of soil via CO2 output levels...
December 30, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095831/a-follow-up-study-of-airway-symptoms-and-lung-function-among-residents-and-workers-5-5%C3%A2-years-after-an-oil-tank-explosion
#7
Jens-Tore Granslo, Magne Bråtveit, Bjørg Eli Hollund, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Cecilie Svanes, Bente Elisabeth Moen
BACKGROUND: Assess if people who lived or worked in an area polluted after an oil tank explosion had persistent respiratory health impairment as compared to a non-exposed population 5.5 years after the event. METHODS: A follow-up study 5.5 years after the explosion, 330 persons aged 18-67 years, compared lung function, lung function decline and airway symptoms among exposed persons (residents <6 km from the accident site or working in the industrial harbour at the time of the explosion) with a non-exposed group (residence >20 km away)...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092775/alcohol-use-and-suicidality-in-firefighters-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-stress
#8
Colleen E Martin, Anka A Vujanovic, Daniel J Paulus, Brooke Bartlett, Matthew W Gallagher, Jana K Tran
Both suicidality and alcohol use disorders are significant public health concerns among firefighters, and alcohol use is associated with increased suicide risk. In addition, firefighters endorse high rates of symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, the current investigation examined associations between alcohol dependence and suicide risk among a large sample of firefighters. Specifically, this study examined the indirect effects of alcohol dependence on suicidality outcomes via both depression and posttraumatic stress, using structural equation modeling...
January 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068165/physiological-and-perceived-effects-of-forearm-or-head-cooling-during-simulated-firefighting-activity-and-rehabilitation
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Susan Yeargin, Amy L McKenzie, Lindsey E Eberman, J Derek Kingsley, David J Dziedzicki, Patrick Yoder
CONTEXT:  Cooling devices aim to protect firefighters by attenuating a rise in body temperature. Devices for head cooling (HC) while firefighting and forearm cooling (FC) during rehabilitation (RHB) intervals are commonly marketed, but research regarding their efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the physiological and perceived effects of HC and FC during firefighting drills and RHB. DESIGN:  Randomized controlled clinical trial...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056502/environmental-occurrence-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-and-novel-fluorotelomer-surfactants-in-the-freshwater-fish-catostomus-commersonii-and-sediments-following-firefighting-foam-deployment-at-the-lac-m%C3%A3-gantic-railway-accident
#10
Gabriel Munoz, Mélanie Desrosiers, Sung Vo Duy, Pierre Labadie, Hélène Budzinski, Jinxia Liu, Sébastien Sauvé
: On July 6th 2013, an unmanned train laden with almost 8 million liters of crude oil careened off the rails downtown Lac-Mégantic (Québec, Canada). In the aftermath of the derailment accident, the emergency response entailed the deployment of 33 000 L of aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) concentrate that contained proprietary fluorosurfactants. The present study examines the environmental occurrence of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) and newly identified per and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the benthic fish white sucker (Catostomus commersonii) and sediments from Lake Mégantic and Chaudière River...
January 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045801/physical-employment-standards-for-uk-firefighters-minimum-muscular-strength-and-endurance-requirements
#11
Richard D M Stevenson, Andrew G Siddall, Philip F J Turner, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess sensitivity and specificity of surrogate physical ability tests as predictors of criterion firefighting task performance and to identify corresponding minimum muscular strength and endurance standards. METHODS: Fifty-one (26 male; 25 female) participants completed three criterion tasks (ladder lift, ladder lower, ladder extension) and three corresponding surrogate tests [one-repetition maximum (1RM) seated shoulder press; 1RM seated rope pull-down; repeated 28 kg seated rope pull-down]...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045796/physiological-load-and-psychological-stress-during-a-24-hour-work-shift-among-finnish-firefighters
#12
Piia Kaikkonen, Harri Lindholm, Sirpa Lusa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe physiological load and psychological stress of Finnish firefighters during a 24-hour work shift. METHODS: R-R intervals were recorded during 24-hour work shifts. Short-time Fourier transform was used to analyze heart rate variability during shifts. RESULTS: HRmean, HRpeak, and square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of the differences between adjacent R-to-R peak intervals of the 24-hour shift was 73 ± 7 bpm (38 ± 4% of HRmax), 156 ± 16 bpm (82 ± 8% of HRmax), and 42 ± 14 ms...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045778/a-14-year-audit-and-analysis-of-human-skin-allograft-discards
#13
Jordan Spradbrow, Matthew Etchells, Robert Cartotto, Alison Halliday, Yulia Lin, Andrew Simor, Raj Visvalingam, Jeannie Callum
The objective of this study was to review the incidence of skin allograft discard and bacterial contamination due to donor bioburden at the Ontario Professional Firefighters Skin Bank over a 14-year period. We sought to determine whether modifications to our prerecovery donor preparation process have been effective in reducing skin bioburden and identify other potential risk factors of allograft contamination. A retrospective review of all skin donors (n = 259) processed from 2002 to 2015 was performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine whether donor-related factors and procurement-related factors were significantly associated with microbial contamination predisinfection and discard secondary to contamination...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009789/heat-strain-is-exacerbated-on-the-second-of-consecutive-days-of-fire-suppression
#14
Zachary J Schlader, Deanna Colburn, David Hostler
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that physiological and perceptual heat strain is exacerbated on the second of back-to-back days of fire suppression work despite evidence of full recovery. METHODS: Twenty-six career and volunteer firefighters (age: 31± 8 y) completed 20 min of near maximal fire suppression work on consecutive days. Dependent variables were core temperature, heart rate, perceived exertion and thermal sensation, which were measured before and after fire suppression...
December 22, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009592/assessment-of-acute-trauma-exposure-response-for-fire-ems-personnel
#15
Melissa C Hoffmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument that measures response to acute trauma exposure for firefighter and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. The Acute Trauma Exposure Response Scale (ATERS) was intended to assess firefighter and EMS personnel response to acute trauma exposure from analytical, emotional, and physical perspectives. METHODS: Data were analyzed on 97 firefighter and EMS personnel employed by a fire department in a mid-sized city in a western state...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002769/sorbent-amendment-as-a-remediation-strategy-to-reduce-pfas-mobility-and-leaching-in-a-contaminated-sandy-soil-from-a-norwegian-firefighting-training-facility
#16
Sarah E Hale, Hans Peter H Arp, Gøril Aasen Slinde, Emma Jane Wade, Kamilla Bjørseth, Gijs D Breedveld, Bengt Fredrik Straith, Kamilla Grotthing Moe, Morten Jartun, Åse Høisæter
Aqueous film-forming foams (AFFF) containing poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) used for firefighting have led to the contamination of soil and water at training sites. The unique physicochemical properties of PFAS results in environmental persistency, threatening water quality and making remediation of such sites a necessity. This work investigated the role of sorbent amendment to PFAS contaminated soils in order to immobilise PFAS and reduce mobility and leaching to groundwater. Soil was sampled from a firefighting training facility at a Norwegian airport and total and leachable PFAS concentrations were quantified...
December 13, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984046/psychophysiological-relationships-between-a-multi-component-self-report-measure-of-mood-stress-and-behavioural-signs-and-symptoms-and-physiological-stress-responses-during-a-simulated-firefighting-deployment
#17
Alexander Wolkow, Brad Aisbett, Sally A Ferguson, John Reynolds, Luana C Main
Physical work and sleep loss are wildland firefighting demands that elicit psychological and physiological stress responses. Research shows that these responses are statistically related which presents an opportunity to use subjective psychological questionnaires to monitor physiological changes among firefighters; an approach used extensively in sport settings. The aim of the present study was to investigate if changes in self-reported psychological factors on the multi-component training distress scale (MTDS), relate to cytokines and cortisol levels among firefighters completing three days of simulated physical firefighting work separated by an 8-h or restricted 4-h sleep each night...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942144/changes-of-oxidative-antioxidative-parameters-and-dna-damage-in-firefighters-wearing-personal-protective-equipment-during-treadmill-walking-training
#18
Eunju Park, Yun-Jeong Lee, Sun-Woo Lee, Chang-Hoon Bang, GyuChang Lee, Jun-Kyoung Lee, Jung-Suk Kwan, Yu-Sub Huh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of personal protective equipment on the oxidant/antioxidant parameters and DNA damage in firefighters during training and recovery. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve male nonsmoking volunteer firefighters (35.1 ± 7.2 years) underwent two maximal treadmill training (9 METs, 6 km/h), within 2 weeks, one in regular clothes and one in personal protective equipment weighing 22.1 kg. Blood samples were obtained before, right after, and 40 min after training...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940900/prevalence-and-correlates-of-late-initiation-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-us-firefighters
#19
Nattinee Jitnarin, Walker Sc Poston, Christopher K Haddock, Sara A Jahnke, Rena S Day, Herbert H Severson
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence rates of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and late initiation among firefighters (ie, starting use as an adult after joining the fire service) are remarkably high, 10.5% and 26.0%, respectively. The purpose of this study is to examine characteristics associated with late SLT initiation in a sample comprised of male career firefighters from two large cohort studies. METHODS: We examined correlates of late SLT initiation in a secondary analysis of data combining the baseline evaluations of two published firefighter health studies with 1474 male career firefighters in the United States...
December 10, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#20
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
4160
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"