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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223186/willingness-of-firefighting-program-students-to-work-in-disasters-turkey
#1
Edip Kaya, Hakan Altintas
Introduction Firefighting is an important profession during disasters. Firefighters are on duty for many vital functions, including fire extinguishing, search and rescue work, and evacuation of disaster victims to a safe zone. In case of a disaster situation, it is vital to have willing personnel to work in disasters. In the literature, type of disaster, individual demographic factors, family factors, and workplace factors have been identified as factors that influence health care personnel's willingness to work during a disaster...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223176/the-influence-of-exposure-to-natural-disasters-on-depression-and-ptsd-symptoms-among-firefighters
#2
Michelle L Pennington, Thomas P Carpenter, Samantha J Synett, Victoria A Torres, Jennifer Teague, Sandra B Morissette, Jeffrey Knight, Barbara W Kamholz, Terence M Keane, Rose T Zimering, Suzy B Gulliver
Introduction Firefighters represent an important population for understanding the consequences of exposure to potentially traumatic stressors. Hypothesis/Problem The researchers were interested in the effects of pre-employment disaster exposure on firefighter recruits' depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the first three years of fire service and hypothesized that: (1) disaster-exposed firefighters would have greater depression and PTSD symptoms than non-exposed overall; and (2) depression and PTSD symptoms would worsen over years in fire service in exposed firefighters, but not in their unexposed counterparts...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221558/-firefighter-nurse-a-twofold-commitment
#3
Nicolas Couëssurel, Jérome Max
Why would anyone want to become a firefighter nurse? This obviously twofold commitment is usually the result of an individual and family history, although other factors are also at work. The need to serve is reinforced by the professional's social audience, the particular features of emergencies, the independence, the hierarchy and the positive emotions associated with this profession.
December 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216017/sleep-quantity-and-quality-of-ontario-wildland-firefighters-across-a-low-hazard-fire-season
#4
Zachary McGillis, Sandra C Dorman, Ayden Robertson, Michel Larivière, Caleb Leduc, Tammy Eger, Bruce E Oddson, Céline Larivière
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the sleep quality, quantity, and fatigue levels of Canadian wildland firefighters while on deployment. METHODS: Objective and subjective sleep and fatigue measures were collected using actigraphy and questionnaires during non-fire (Base) and fire (Initial Attack and Project) deployments. RESULTS: Suboptimal sleep quality and quantity were more frequently observed during high-intensity, Initial Attack fire deployments...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214900/injury-related-hospital-admission-of-female-firefighters-in-south-korea
#5
Ji Young Song, Min-Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to ascertain whether injury related hospital admission in all South Korea female firefighters is greater than that in the general population. METHODS: To perform this comparison, the standardized admission ratios (SARs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by person-years and mortality computation software. RESULTS: Compared to the general population, the SARs of overall injury (SAR =1...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193193/which-fire-to-extinguish-first-a-risk-informed-approach-to-emergency-response-in-oil-terminals
#6
Nima Khakzad
The performance of fire protection measures plays a key role in the prevention and mitigation of fire escalation (fire domino effect) in process plants. In addition to passive and active safety measures, the intervention of firefighting teams can have a great impact on fire propagation. In the present study, we have demonstrated an application of dynamic Bayesian network to modeling and safety assessment of fire domino effect in oil terminals while considering the effect of safety measures in place. The results of the developed dynamic Bayesian network-prior and posterior probabilities-have been combined with information theory, in the form of mutual information, to identify optimal firefighting strategies, especially when the number of fire trucks is not sufficient to handle all the vessels in danger...
November 29, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179067/how-wildfire-risk-is-related-to-urban-planning-and-fire-weather-index-in-se-france-1990-2013
#7
D M Fox, P Carrega, Y Ren, P Caillouet, C Bouillon, S Robert
Wildfires burn >450,000ha of forest every year in Euro-Mediterranean countries. Many fires originate in the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) where housing density and weather conditions affect fire occurrence. Housing density is determined by long term land use policies while weather conditions evolve quickly. The first objective was to quantify the impacts of land use policy on WUI characteristics and fire risk in SE France during 1990-2012. The second objective was to quantify how Fire Weather Index (FWI) is related to fire occurrence...
November 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175006/predicted-cumulative-dose-to-firefighters-and-the-offsite-public-from-natural-and-anthropogenic-radionuclides-in-smoke-from-wildland-fires-at-the-savannah-river-site-south-carolina-usa
#8
Brian J Viner, Tim Jannik, Allan Hepworth, Olorunfemi Adetona, Luke Naeher, Teresa Eddy, Eric Doman, John Blake
The contaminated ground surface at Savannah River Site (SRS) is a result of the decades of work that has been performed maintaining the country's nuclear stockpile and performing research and development on nuclear materials. The volatilization of radionuclides during wildfire results in airborne particles that are dispersed within the smoke plume and may result in doses to downwind firefighters and the public. To better understand the risk that these smoke plumes present, we have characterized four regions at SRS in terms of their fuel characteristics and radiological contamination on the ground...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164864/treatment-of-aqueous-film-forming-foam-by-heat-activated-persulfate-under-conditions-representative-of-in-situ-chemical-oxidation
#9
Thomas A Bruton, David L Sedlak
Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been detected in an increasing number of water supplies. In many instances, the contamination is associated with the use of PFAS-containing aqueous film-forming foams (AFFF) in firefighting activities. To investigate the potential for remediating AFFF contamination in groundwater with heat-activated persulfate, PFAS oxidation and the generation of transformation products was evaluated under well-controlled conditions. Fluorotelomer- and perfluoroalkyl sulfonamide-based polyfluorinated compounds were transformed to perfluorinated carboxylic acids, which underwent further degradation under acidic conditions produced after persulfate decomposed...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164319/cancer-incidence-in-stockholm-firefighters-1958-2012-an-updated-cohort-study
#10
Cecilia Kullberg, Tomas Andersson, Per Gustavsson, Jenny Selander, Göran Tornling, Annika Gustavsson, Carolina Bigert
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies on firefighters indicate an increased risk of cancer although findings regarding which cancer sites are in excess have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the cancer incidence among Swedish firefighters. METHODS: This updated cohort study included 1080 men who worked at least 1 year as a firefighter in the city of Stockholm, Sweden during 1931-1983. First-time diagnoses of cancer were identified through the Swedish Cancer Registry from 1958 until 2012...
November 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163859/virtual-agent-mediated-appraisal-training-a-single-case-series-among-dutch-firefighters
#11
Ursula M Beer, Mark A Neerincx, Nexhmedin Morina, Willem-Paul Brinkman
Background: First responders are a prime example of professionals that are at a high risk of being exposed to traumatic experiences. Reappraisal as a coping strategy might help first responders to better cope with their emotional responses to traumatic events. Objective: This study investigated the effects of repeated sessions of a digital reappraisal training among seven firefighters. The training consisted of four sessions supported by a virtual agent, conducted at home or at work, over a two-week period in a single case series...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157150/assessment-of-urinary-protein-composition-in-response-to-consecutive-days-of-wildland-firefighting
#12
Nobuo Yasuda, Brent C Ruby
The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of urinary protein excretion induced by three consecutive days of wildland firefighting. Eighteen male active duty military personnel were served as the participants. All testing consisting of three consecutive days was conducted at a Northwestern USA fire camp. All participants consumed military-based foods containing 2620-2864 kcal/day. The work activity was evaluated with an accelerometer in association with body weight and hydration markers over the experimental period...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149887/prostate-cancer-in-firefighting-and-police-work-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiologic-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jeavana Sritharan, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers, Shelley A Harris, Donald C Cole, Marie-Elise Parent
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate potential associations between firefighting and police occupations, and prostate cancer incidence and mortality. METHODS: Original epidemiological studies published from 1980 to 2017 were identified through PubMed and Web of Science. Studies were included if they contained specific job titles for ever/never firefighting and police work and associated prostate cancer risk estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149879/risk-management-of-emergency-service-vehicle-crashes-in-the-united-states-fire-service-process-outputs-and-recommendations
#14
David P Bui, Keshia P Porter, Stephanie Griffin, Dustin D French, Alesia M Jung, Stephen Crothers, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: Emergency service vehicle crashes (ESVCs) are a leading cause of death in the United States fire service. Risk management (RM) is a proactive process for identifying occupational risks and reducing hazards and unwanted events through an iterative process of scoping hazards, risk assessment, and implementing controls. We describe the process, outputs, and lessons learned from the application of a proactive RM process to reduce ESVCs in US fire departments. METHODS: Three fire departments representative of urban, suburban, and rural geographies, participated in a facilitated RM process delivered through focus groups and stakeholder discussion...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149712/detection-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-and-sulphonates-in-italian-eel-samples-by-hplc-hrms-orbitrap
#15
Luca Maria Chiesa, Maria Nobile, Elisa Pasquale, Claudia Balzaretti, Petra Cagnardi, Doriana Tedesco, Sara Panseri, Francesco Arioli
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) contain one or more carbon-bound hydrogens substituted by fluorine. Since the 1950s, these compounds have been used to manufacture fat- and water-resistant fabrics, paper and food containers, and to produce photographic films, firefighting foams, detergents and insecticides. The widespread use and global distribution of PFASs, have led to their accumulation in the environment. Food, particularly fish and other seafood, is considered the main route of human exposure to PFASs...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145162/biomonitoring-based-exposure-assessment-of-benzene-toluene-ethylbenzene-and-xylene-among-workers-at-petroleum-distribution-facilities
#16
Behzad Heibati, Krystal J Godri Pollitt, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Alan Ducatman, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Ali Karimi, Mahmoud Mohammadyan
Elevated emissions of volatile organic compounds, including benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o, p, and m-xylenes (BTEX), are an occupational health concern at oil transfer stations. This exploratory study investigated personal exposure to BTEX through environmental air and urine samples collected from 50 male workers at a major oil distribution company in Iran. Airborne BTEX exposures were evaluated over 8h periods during work-shift by using personal passive samplers. Urinary BTEX levels were determined using solid-phase microextraction with gas chromatography mass spectrometry for separation and detection...
November 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133598/half-lives-of-pfos-pfhxs-and-pfoa-after-end-of-exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water
#17
Ying Li, Tony Fletcher, Daniel Mucs, Kristin Scott, Christian H Lindh, Pia Tallving, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Municipal drinking water contaminated with perfluorinated alkyl acids had been distributed to one-third of households in Ronneby, Sweden. The source was firefighting foam used in a nearby airfield since the mid-1980s. Clean water was provided from 16 December 2013. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of decline in serum perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and their corresponding half-lives...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132062/risk-of-early-onset-prostate-cancer-associated-with-occupation-in-the-nordic-countries
#18
Kathryn Hughes Barry, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Michael C R Alavanja, Gabriella Andreotti, Aaron Blair, Johnni Hansen, Kristina Kjærheim, Stella Koutros, Elsebeth Lynge, Pär Sparèn, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Sonja I Berndt, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Early-onset prostate cancer is often more aggressive and may have a different aetiology than later-onset prostate cancer, but has been relatively little studied to date. We evaluated occupation in relation to early- and later-onset prostate cancer in a large pooled study. METHODS: We used occupational information from census data in five Nordic countries from 1960 to 1990. We identified prostate cancer cases diagnosed from 1961 to 2005 by linkage of census information to national cancer registries and calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) separately for men aged 30-49 and those aged 50 or older...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116989/the-influence-of-body-mass-on-physical-fitness-test-performance-in-male-firefighter-applicants
#19
Devin B Phillips, Michael P Scarlett, Stewart R Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The influence of body mass on test performance was investigated in 414 male firefighter applicants who completed a maximal treadmill test and five task-simulation tests while dressed in fire protective ensemble. METHODS: Subjects were assigned to six mass categories from less than 70 kg to more than 110 kg, in 10 kg increments (n = 69 in each). RESULTS: Treadmill performance was lower (P < 0.05) in the two heaviest groups...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114230/the-effects-of-simulated-wildland-firefighting-tasks-on-core-temperature-and-cognitive-function-under-very-hot-conditions
#20
F Michael Williams-Bell, Brad Aisbett, Bernadette A Murphy, Brianna Larsen
Background: The severity of wildland fires is increasing due to continually hotter and drier summers. Firefighters are required to make life altering decisions on the fireground, which requires analytical thinking, problem solving, and situational awareness. This study aimed to determine the effects of very hot (45°C; HOT) conditions on cognitive function following periods of simulated wildfire suppression work when compared to a temperate environment (18°C; CON). Methods: Ten male volunteer firefighters intermittently performed a simulated fireground task for 3 h in both the CON and HOT environments, with cognitive function tests (paired associates learning and spatial span) assessed at baseline (cog 1) and during the final 20-min of each hour (cog 2, 3, and 4)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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