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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190100/structural-dynamics-of-microbial-communities-in-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-contaminated-tropical-estuarine-sediments-undergoing-simulated-aerobic-biotreatment
#1
Chioma C Obi, Sunday A Adebusoye, Olukayode O Amund, Esther O Ugoji, Mathew O Ilori, Curtis J Hedman, William J Hickey
Coastal sediments contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be candidates for remediation via an approach like land farming. Land farming converts naturally anaerobic sediments to aerobic environments, and the response of microbial communities, in terms of community structure alterations and corresponding effects on biodegradative activities, is unknown. A key goal of this study was to determine if different sediments exhibited common patterns in microbial community responses that might serve as indicators of PAH biodegradation...
February 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181331/effects-of-chin-up-posture-on-the-sequence-of-swallowing-events
#2
Irene Calvo, Kirstyn L Sunday, Phoebe Macrae, Ianessa A Humbert
BACKGROUND: Chin-up posture is frequently used to manage oral dysphagia after head and neck cancer. This prospective study investigates the effects of chin-ups on the sequence of pharyngeal swallowing events. METHODS: Twelve healthy young adults performed 45 consecutive swallows of 5 mL water across 3 phases on videofluoroscopy: 5 swallows in the neutral head position; 30 swallows during chin-up posture; and 10 swallows in the neutral head position. Swallowing kinematic and bolus flow measures for 9 swallowing events were recorded...
February 9, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176962/renal-angiomyolipoma-in-pregnancy-surgical-management-with-fetal-preservation-approach-in-a-developing-setting
#3
Fred O Ugwumba, Emeka F Nnakenyi, Okechukwu C Okafor, Augustine C Onuh, Paschalina C Ezechukwu, Sunday Urube
Renal angiomyolipomas (RAML) are uncommon benign renal tumours that are associated with a tendency to rupture resulting in sometimes-torrential retroperitoneal hemorrhage as the Wunderlich syndrome or as severe potentially exsanguinating hematuria. When hemorrhage from RAML occurs in pregnancy it presents a unique challenge requiring timely and appropriately adapted intervention with the goal of preventing fatality, preserving renal function as well as preventing fetal loss if possible. We report the management of severe bleeding from RAML in pregnancy and highlight the need to adopt a management strategy that suits the practice environment and offers the patient standard and enduring care...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165832/comparative-effects-of-alkaloid-extracts-from-aframomum-melegueta-alligator-pepper-and-aframomum-danielli-bastered-melegueta-on-enzymes-relevant-to-erectile-dysfunction
#4
Stephen A Adefegha, Ganiyu Oboh, Bathlomew M Okeke, Sunday I Oyeleye
Aframomum melegueta (alligator pepper (AP)) and Aframomum danielli (bastered melegueta (BM)) seeds have been known to improve sexual function in folkloric medicine. This study investigates the effects of AP and BM seeds' alkaloid extracts on the activities of enzymes (acetylcholinesterase (AChE), angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE), phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), and arginase) relevant to erectile dysfunction (ED). Alkaloids from the seeds were prepared by the solvent extraction method and their interactions with AChE, ACE, PDE-5, and arginase were assessed...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164293/management-of-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation-systematic-reviews-and-evidence-syntheses
#5
EDITORIAL
Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Gamal Serour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160978/comparative-assessment-of-two-agriculturally-influenced-estuaries-similar-pressure-different-response
#6
Daniel A Lemley, Janine B Adams, Susan Taljaard
This study compared the spatio-temporal dynamics in two agriculturally-influenced South African estuaries - Gamtoos and Sundays - to investigate how contrasting hydrological alterations influence physical, chemical and biological responses. With the Gamtoos Estuary experiencing regular high flow conditions, a key difference between the two systems is the propensity for natural flushing events to occur; a mechanism largely eliminated from the highly-regulated Sundays Catchment. Phytoplankton blooms (>20Chl-aμgl(-1)) were persistent and seasonal in the Sundays, inducing summer bottom-water hypoxia (<2mgl(-1)), whilst those in the Gamtoos were episodic and flow-dependent...
February 1, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156135/pituitary-gland-trauma-in-fatal-nonsurgical-closed-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Olufemi Emmanuel Idowu, John O Obafunwa, Sunday O Soyemi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury to pituitary gland can lead to significant endocrine dysfunctions. The aim of this study is to define the frequency of pituitary gland injury in patients with fatal nonsurgical closed traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to correlate if any, the type of craniocerebral injury associated with the pituitary gland injury. METHODS: The study is a prospective autopsy review of 30 adult patients with fatal closed TBI. Patients who had any form of neurosurgical intervention were excluded from the study...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146561/at-lunch-with-a-killer-the-effect-of-weaver-ants-on-host-parasitoid-interactions-on-mango
#8
Valentina Migani, Sunday Ekesi, Katharina Merkel, Thomas Hoffmeister
Predator-prey interactions can affect the behaviour of the species involved, with consequences for population distribution and competitive interactions. Under predation pressure, potential prey may adopt evasive strategies. These responses can be costly and could impact population growth. As some prey species may be more affected than others, predation pressure could also alter the dynamics among species within communities. In field cages and small observation cages, we studied the interactions between a generalist predator, the African weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda, two species of fruit flies that are primary pests of mango fruits, Ceratitis cosyra and Bactrocera dorsalis, and their two exotic parasitoids, Fopius arisanus and Diachasmimorpha longicaudata...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142213/ameloblastoma-current-etiopathological-concepts-and-management
#9
Olajumoke A Effiom, Oladunni M Ogundana, Abdulwarith O Akinshipo, Sunday O Akintoye
Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. It is locally aggressive with unlimited growth capacity and has a high potential for malignant transformation as well as metastasis. Ameloblastoma has no established preventive measures although majority of patients are between ages 30 to 60 years. Molecular and genetic factors that promote oncogenic transformation of odontogenic epithelium to ameloblastoma are strongly linked to dysregulation of multiple genes associated with mitogen activated protein kinase, sonic hedgehog and WNT/β-catenin signaling pathways...
January 31, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127368/performance-and-parasitology-of-semi-intensively-managed-west-african-dwarf-sheep-exposed-to-gastrointestinal-helminth-infected-paddocks-and-varied-protein-energy-feeds
#10
Adekayode Olarinwaju Sonibare, Olusiji Sunday Sowande, Shamusideen Oladeinde Iposu, Joshua Luka, Michael Ayankosoi, Adeniyi Olugbega Egbetade
BACKGROUND: The performance and parasitology of semi-intensively managed West African dwarf (WAD) lambs were evaluated following exposure to gastrointestinal helminth infected paddock and varied protein-energy feeds. METHODS: Twenty four lambs obtained from the Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics and brought to Directorate of University farm (DUFARM) of Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria, where the research was carried out in 2014, were grouped into four each containing six animals based on different energy-protein feed combination thus; group 1(G1) low energy low protein, group 2 (G2) low energy high protein, group 3 (G3) high energy low protein and group 4 (G4) high energy high protein...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126449/urban-rural-disparity-in-geographical-and-temporal-availability-of-pediatric-clinics-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#11
Hsin-I Leu, Wei-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Mei-Jy Jeng
BACKGROUND: The shortage and maldistribution of pediatricians affected after-hours pediatric services, especially in rural areas. Our study aimed to examine the urban-rural disparity in geographical and temporal availability of the pediatrician workforce in Taiwan by analyzing opening time schedules of all pediatric clinics throughout the country. METHODS: The opening time schedules of nonhospital pediatric clinics were downloaded from the website of the National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan for analysis...
December 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120697/shutting-out-the-press-keeps-public-in-the-dark-about-the-nhs
#12
Susan Osborne
In December, journalist AA Gill died from lung cancer. In his final column for the Sunday Times, he made two pertinent points about health care.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116114/introducing-ehealth-strategies-to-enhance-maternal-and-perinatal-health-care-in-rural-tanzania
#13
Angelo Nyamtema, Nguke Mwakatundu, Sunday Dominico, Mkambu Kasanga, Fadhili Jamadini, Kelvin Maokola, Donald Mawala, Zabron Abel, Richard Rumanyika, Calist Nzabuhakwa, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: Globally, eHealth has attracted considerable attention as a means of supporting maternal and perinatal health care. This article describes best practices, gains and challenges of implementing eHealth for maternal and perinatal health care in extremely remote and rural Tanzania. METHODS: Teleconsultation for obstetric emergency care, audio teleconferences and online eLearning systems were installed in ten upgraded rural health centres, four rural district hospitals and one regional hospital in Tanzania...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113560/biomedical-and-catalytic-applications-of-gold-and-silver-gold-alloy-nanoparticles-biosynthesized-using-cell-free-extract-of-bacillus-safensis-lau-13-antifungal-dye-degradation-anti-coagulant-and-thrombolytic-activities
#14
Sunday A Ojo, Agbaje Lateef, Musibau A Azeez, Suliat M Oladejo, Abiola S Akinwale, Tesleem B Asafa, Taofeek A Yekeen, Akeem Akinboro, Iyabo C Oladipupo, Evariste B Gueguim-Kana, Lorika S Beukes
This study investigated the green biosynthesis of gold (Au) and silver-gold alloy (Ag-Au) nanoparticles using cell-free extract of Bacillus safensis LAU 13 strain (GenBank accession No: KJ461434). The biosynthesized AuNPs and Ag-AuNPs were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and Transmission electron microscopy. Evaluation of the antifungal activities, degradation of malachite green, anti-coagulation of blood and thrombolysis of human blood clot by the biosynthesized nanoparticles were investigated...
April 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102531/a-systems-dynamics-approach-to-the-efficacy-of-oxime-therapy-for-mild-exposure-to-sarin-gas
#15
Daniel J Droste, Michael L Shelley, Jeffery M Gearhart, David M Kempisty
The use of nerve agents such as sarin is as much a threat today as any other time in our history. The events in Syria in 2013 are proof of this. "The Obama administration asserted Sunday for the first time that the Syrian government used the nerve gas sarin to kill more than 1,400 people (August 21, 2013) in the world's gravest chemical weapons attack in 25 years." With these recent events clear in our mind, we must focus on the horrific nature of these chemical agents to devise a strategy that will enable first responders to counteract these insidious chemicals...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102474/anti-amnestic-effect-of-curcumin-in-combination-with-donepezil-an-anticholinesterase-drug-involvement-of-cholinergic-system
#16
Ayodele Jacob Akinyemi, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday Idowu Oyeleye, Opeyemi Ogunsuyi
Recently, combination therapy involving cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor with other neuroprotective agents has shown better desirable effect in the management/prevention of dementia but limited information is available on their effect with dietary polyphenols. Hence, this study sought to assess the combined pretreatment effect of curcumin, the major polyphenolic compound of turmeric (Curcuma longa) rhizomes, with donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor, on cognitive function in scopolamine-induced memory impairment in rats...
January 19, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101318/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-tertiary-psychiatric-facility-in-nigeria
#17
Nosa Godwin Igbinomwanhia, Sunday Osasu Olotu, Bawo Onesirosan James
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) among outpatients with schizophrenia attending a tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 250 patients with schizophrenia attending the outpatient clinic of a regional tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria was undertaken. They were administered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale and the Liverpool University Side Effects Rating Scale (LUNSERS)...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093731/sexual-activity-among-nigerian-women-following-successful-obstetric-fistula-repair
#18
Stephen A Anzaku, Sunday J Lengmang, Samaila Mikah, Steven N Shephard, Bassey E Edem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate post-operative sexual activity among women who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study recruited married women who had undergone successful obstetric fistula repair who were attending reunion activities at Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria, between March 13 and March 15, 2014. Participants were interviewed regarding penetrative vaginal intercourse after surgery, and any changes in sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and the presence of coital pain compared with before they experienced obstetric fistula...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093673/metagenomic-insights-into-effects-of-spent-engine-oil-perturbation-on-the-microbial-community-composition-and-function-in-a-tropical-agricultural-soil
#19
Lateef B Salam, Sunday O Obayori, Francisca O Nwaokorie, Aisha Suleiman, Raheemat Mustapha
Analyzing the microbial community structure and functions become imperative for ecological processes. To understand the impact of spent engine oil (SEO) contamination on microbial community structure of an agricultural soil, soil microcosms designated 1S (agricultural soil) and AB1 (agricultural soil polluted with SEO) were set up. Metagenomic DNA extracted from the soil microcosms and sequenced using Miseq Illumina sequencing were analyzed for their taxonomic and functional properties. Taxonomic profiling of the two microcosms by MG-RAST revealed the dominance of Actinobacteria (23...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083700/mri-usage-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-an-analysis-of-usage-and-usage-trends-over-5%C3%A2-years
#20
Meir H Scheinfeld, Jee-Young Moon, Michele J Fagan, Reubin Davoudzadeh, Dan Wang, Benjamin H Taragin
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) usage has anecdotally increased due to the principles of ALARA and the desire to Image Gently. Aside from a single abstract in the emergency medicine literature, pediatric emergency department MRI usage has not been described. OBJECIVE: Our objective was to determine whether MRI use is indeed increasing at a high-volume urban pediatric emergency department with 24/7 MRI availability. Also, we sought to determine which exams, time periods and demographics influenced the trend...
January 12, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
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