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Joanne M Bennett, Piero Calosi, Susana Clusella-Trullas, Brezo Martínez, Jennifer Sunday, Adam C Algar, Miguel B Araújo, Bradford A Hawkins, Sally Keith, Ingolf Kühn, Carsten Rahbek, Laura Rodríguez, Alexander Singer, Fabricio Villalobos, Miguel Ángel Olalla-Tárraga, Ignacio Morales-Castilla
How climate affects species distributions is a longstanding question receiving renewed interest owing to the need to predict the impacts of global warming on biodiversity. Is climate change forcing species to live near their critical thermal limits? Are these limits likely to change through natural selection? These and other important questions can be addressed with models relating geographical distributions of species with climate data, but inferences made with these models are highly contingent on non-climatic factors such as biotic interactions...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Data
Bridget Kool, Sarah Buller, Ron Kuriyan, Charlotte M Jones-Todd, David Newcombe, Peter Jones
INTRODUCTION: We present a study that provides a contemporary view of alcohol-related injury prevalence amongst patients presenting to a New Zealand (NZ) emergency department (ED). METHODS: Adult injury patients presenting to Auckland City Hospital ED within 6 h of injury were invited to participate during three recruitment periods (2015-2016). An interviewer-administered questionnaire obtained information on demographic, injury, general health, and lifestyle factors...
February 27, 2018: Injury
Steffie H A Brouns, Joyce J Wachelder, Femke S Jonkers, Suze L Lambooij, Jeanne P Dieleman, Harm R Haak
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating different medical conditions and settings have demonstrated mixed results regarding the weekend effect. However, data on the outcome of elderly patients hospitalised on weekends is scarce. The objective was to compare in-hospital and two-day mortality rates between elderly emergency department (ED) patients (≥65 years) admitted on weekends versus weekdays. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of emergency department visits of internal medicine patients ≥65 years presenting to the emergency department between 01 and 09-2010 and 31-08-2012 was conducted...
March 7, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
Samuel K Muchemi, Claus P W Zebitz, Christian Borgemeister, Komivi S Akutse, Caroline N Foba, Sunday Ekesi, Komi K M Fiaboe
Agromyzid Liriomyza leafminer flies are a major threat to horticultural production in East Africa with low natural control reported. The endoparasitoid Chrysocharis flacilla (Walker; Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) was introduced from Peru into quarantine facilities at ICIPE in Kenya for a leafminer classical biological control program. Interaction assays with one of the dominant local parasitoids, Diglyphus isaea (Walker; Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), using Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard; Diptera: Agromyzidae) was assessed through sole, simultaneous and sequential releases...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Chang Xu, Minghui Quan, Hanbin Zhang, Chenglin Zhou, PeiJie Chen
Purpose: This study examined the associations of physical activity levels between parents and their pre-school children based on gender and weekday/weekend. Method: A total of 247 parent-preschool child triads from Shanghai, China were analyzed. The children had a mean age of 57.5 ± 5.2 months. Both sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured in all participants using an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer over seven consecutive days from Monday through the following Sunday...
2018: PeerJ
Emma Domínguez-Rué
Several studies have examined the interaction between the aging process and literary creativity, either to confirm the stereotype that wisdom and experience do not compensate for the inevitable decline of intellectual (and all) capacities (Lehman 1953; de Beauvoir 1972) or to highlight the empowering possibilities of embracing the knowledge and insight of a lifetime to continue developing creativity in maturity (Wyatt-Brown and Rossen 1993; Cohen-Shalev 2002; Casado-Gual, Domínguez-Rué and Worsfold 2016)...
March 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Tony Rosen, Nisha Mehta-Naik, Alyssa Elman, Mary R Mulcare, Michael E Stern, Sunday Clark, Rahul Sharma, Veronica M LoFaso, Risa Breckman, Mark Lachs, Nancy Needell
PROBLEM DEFINITION: Hospitals have an opportunity to improve the quality of care provided to a particularly vulnerable population: victims of elder mistreatment. Despite this, no programs to prevent or stop elder abuse in the acute care hospital have been reported. An innovative, multidisciplinary emergency department (ED)-based intervention for elder abuse victims, the Vulnerable Elder Protection Team (VEPT), was developed at NewYork-Presbyterian / Weill Cornell Medical Center (New York City)...
March 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Osita Sunday Nnyigide, Sun-Gu Lee, Kyu Hyun
The interactions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with urea/water were investigated by computer simulation. It was revealed that the BSA-hydrophobic residues in urea solutions favored contact with urea more than with water. Energy decomposition analysis showed that van der Waals energy was the dominant driving force behind urea affinity for hydrophobic residues, whereas coulombic attraction was largely responsible for water affinity for these residues. Meanwhile, urea-BSA hydrogen bond energies were found to be weaker than water-BSA hydrogen bond energies...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Adedibu C Tella, Samson O Owalude, Sunday J Olatunji, Vincent O Adimula, Sunday E Elaigwu, Lukman O Alimi, Peter A Ajibade, Oluwatobi S Oluwafemi
We herein report the removal of amodiaquine, an emerging drug contaminant from aqueous solution using [Zn2 (fum)2 (bpy)] and [Zn4 O(bdc)3 ] (fum=fumaric acid; bpy=4,4-bipyridine; bdc=benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as adsorbents. The adsorbents were characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). Adsorption process for both adsorbents were found to follow the pseudo-first-order kinetics, and the adsorption equilibrium data fitted best into the Freundlich isotherm with the R2 values of 0...
February 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Sunday Lengmang, Steven Shephard, Avisek Datta, Svjetlana Lozo, Carolyn V Kirschner
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: For decades, the pubovesical (PV) sling has been in the armamentarium of the fistula surgeon for treating persistent urinary incontinence after successful fistula closure. We report our early experience with slings, and then also introduce a new "tight" PV sling technique for management of post-fistula urethral leak. Our hypothesis is that performance of tight slings might result in improved continence for women with persistent urinary incontinence after obstetric fistula closure...
February 21, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
K Pyper, M Eddleston, D N Bateman, D Lupton, S Bradberry, E Sandilands, Shl Thomas, J P Thompson, C Robertson
AIM: To examine temporal trends in accesses to the UK's National Poison Information Service's TOXBASE database in Britain. METHODS: Generalized additive models were used to examine trends in daily numbers of accesses to TOXBASE from British emergency departments between January 2008 and December 2015. Day-of-the-week, seasonality and long-term trends were analysed at national and regional levels (Wales, Scotland and the nine English Government Office Regions). RESULTS: The long-term trend in daily accesses increases from 2...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Ryh-Sheng Li, Yuh-Ming Hwu, Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Ming-Huei Lin
OBJECTIVE: Embryo transfers during cleavage stage (day 2 or day 3) and blastocyst stages (day 5 or day 6) are common in current daily practice in fresh IVF/ET cycles. Data regarding transferring day 4 embryos, morula/compact stage, is still restricted and the grading system is also inconsistent, as between IVF clinics. This study provided a new detailed classification system for morula/compact stage embryos and compared successes rates between day 4 and day 5 ET. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Jae-Hong Kim, Myung-Rae Cho, Ju-Hyung Park, Jeong-Cheol Shin, Ji-Hyun Cho, Gwang-Cheon Park, Dongwoo Nam
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are some of the most frequent injuries of the musculoskeletal system. However, there is no substantive evidence supporting which treatment strategy is superior. Taping with Kinesiotape (KT) is a new method that is used as an alternative to the more established taping and bracing techniques used for the prophylaxis and treatment of ankle sprains. The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy of KT on ankle sprain by comparing acupuncture combined with KT (AcuKT) with acupuncture alone in patients with acute lateral ankle sprains...
February 20, 2018: Trials
V Lam, J A Stephenson
AIM: To assess the influence of time, intensity, and trainee seniority on radiology registrars' major and minor discrepancy rates during weekend reporting at a university teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 12-month retrospective review was performed of out-of-hours trainee provisional reports for computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a university teaching hospital. From Friday 9.00 pm to Sunday 9.00 pm, the out-of-hours service is provided by a single registrar rotating every 12 hours...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Breanna Wright, Liam Smith, Fraser Tull
Cleaning and disposal of illegal dumping at charitable collection points costs charities and diverts funds from their charitable programs. However, there is no published literature that attempts to better understand this problem. The current study assesses site-specific characteristics, community level indicators and sociodemographic factors as predictors of both charity stores and collection bin dumping in the metropolitan area of Perth, Australia. Multiple regression analyses revealed that higher levels of dumping at stores were predicted by being open on Sundays, the presence of gates/fencing, bringing bins in at night, greater 5-year mobility and lower levels of education and occupation in the area...
February 13, 2018: Waste Management
Sunday Charles Olaogun, Keleshi Joseph Onwuzuruike
Dermatophilosis is one of the major economically important diseases of cattle in Nigeria. Managing the condition has been very challenging and re-occurrence has been reported with moderate to high morbidity and mortality. The incidence and biochemical features of cattle with dermatophilosis was conducted in June to December 2016 across the four geopolitical zones of Oyo state, Nigeria. Clinical diagnosis were made based on appearance of dermatophilosis lesion, breeds morphologically characterized, ageing were based on rostral dentition and severity based on the extent and nature of the lesion...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Omoyemi A Akintemi, Tosin A Olasehinde
There are strong correlations between diabetes mellitus and cognitive dysfunction. This study sought to investigate the modulatory effects of Moringa oleifera leaf (ML) and seed (MS) inclusive diets on biomolecules [acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)] angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE), arginase, catalase, glutathione transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) levels] associated with cognitive function in the brain of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats treated with acarbose (ACA)...
February 12, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Maryna Perepelyuk, Koita Sacko, Karthik Thangavel, Sunday A Shoyele
The objective of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and pharmacokinetic study of mucin1-aptamer functionalized miRNA-29b-loaded hybrid nanoparticles (MAFMILHN) in lung tumor-bearing SCID mice. MAFMILHN were manufactured using an iso-electric point based nanotechnology. They were then fully characterized for particle size, loading capacity, Zeta potential and encapsulation efficiency. The ability of MAFMILHN to downregulate oncoprotein DNMT3B both at the cellular level and in vivo was monitored using western blot, while the effect of the downregulation of DNMT3B on tumor growth was assessed using bioluminescence...
February 12, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Amelia Ngozi Odo, Efiong Sunday Samuel, Evelyn N Nwagu, Petra Obioma Nnamani, Chiemezie S Atama
BACKGROUND: Availability and accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents are very crucial for prevention and control of sexual and reproductive health problems. These services also play vital roles in the promotion of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health generally. The main purpose of the study was to determine the availability and accessibility (geographical and financial) of sexual and reproductive health services (SRHS) among adolescents in Enugu State, Nigeria...
February 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Tak Kyu Oh, Young Mi Park, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, You Hwan Jo, Jin Hee Kim, Young-Tae Jeon, In-Ae Song
Because most medical staff work from Monday-Friday, it is possible that they are relatively more fatigued and less capable of providing emergency supportive services on Thursday-Sunday (Thu-Sun) than on Monday-Wednesday (Mon-Wed). In this study, we aimed to analyze the incidence of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to determine if it differed between Thu-Sun and Mon-Wed.This retrospective observational study of in-hospital CPR was performed during 2012 to 2016 among inpatients at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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