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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914284/the-weekend-effect-in-hospitalized-patients-a-meta-analysis
#1
Lynn A Pauls, Rebecca Johnson-Paben, John McGready, Jamie D Murphy, Peter J Pronovost, Christopher L Wu
BACKGROUND: The presence of a "weekend effect" (increased mortality rate during Saturday and/or Sunday admissions) for hospitalized inpatients is uncertain. PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review to examine the presence of a weekend effect on hospital inpatient mortality. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane databases (January 1966-April 2013) were utilized for our search. STUDY SELECTION: We examined the mortality rate for hospital inpatients admitted during the weekend compared with those admitted during the workweek...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911688/curcumin-inhibits-adenosine-deaminase-and-arginase-activities-in-cadmium-induced-renal-toxicity-in-rat-kidney
#2
Ayodele Jacob Akinyemi, Nora Onyebueke, Opeyemi Ayodeji Faboya, Sunday Amos Onikanni, Adewale Fadaka, Israel Olayide
In this study, the effect of enzymes involved in degradation of renal adenosine and l-arginine was investigated in rats exposed to cadmium (Cd) and treated with curcumin, the principal active phytochemical in turmeric rhizome. Animals were divided into six groups (n = 6): saline/vehicle, saline/curcumin 12.5 mg/kg, saline/curcumin 25 mg/kg, Cd/vehicle, Cd/curcumin 12.5 mg/kg, and Cd/curcumin 25 mg/kg. The results of this study revealed that the activities of renal adenosine deaminase and arginase were significantly increased in Cd-treated rats when compared with the control (p < 0...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911226/identification-of-the-ubiquitous-antioxidant-tripeptide-glutathione-as-a-fruit-fly-semiochemical
#3
Xavier Cheseto, Donald L Kachigamba, Sunday Ekesi, Mary Ndung'u, Peter E A Teal Deceased, John J Beck, Baldwyn Torto
Many insects mark their oviposition sites with a host marking pheromone (HMP) to deter other females from over-exploiting these sites. Previous studies have identified and used HMPs to manage certain fruit fly species; however, few are known for African indigenous fruit flies. The HMP of the African fruit fly, Ceratitis cosyra, was identified as the ubiquitous plant and animal antioxidant tripeptide, glutathione (GSH). GSH was isolated from the aqueous extract of adult female fecal matter, and characterized by LC-QTOF-MS...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899183/engaging-with-climate-change-psychoanalytic-and-interdisciplinary-perspectives-and-laudato-si-on-care-for-our-common-home-engaging-with-climate-change-psychoanalytic-and-interdisciplinary-perspectives-edited-by-weintrobe-sally-new-york-routledge-2013-xxii-254
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884308/spa-therapy-adjunct-to-pharmacotherapy-is-beneficial-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-crossover-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Rian Dişçi, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
This study aims to investigate whether 2-week spa therapy, as an adjunct to usual pharmacological therapy, has any beneficial effect in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this single-blind crossover study, 50 patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 manner to receive usual pharmacological therapy plus 2-week spa therapy or usual pharmacological therapy alone (period 1.6 months); after a 9-month washout, patients were crossed over to the opposite assignment (period 2.6 months). Spa therapy program included a daily saline balneotherapy session at 36-37 °C for 20 min except Sundays...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882909/effect-of-time-and-day-of-admission-on-hospital-care-quality-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-in-england-and-wales-single-cohort-study
#6
Christopher Michael Roberts, Derek Lowe, Emma Skipper, Michael C Steiner, Rupert Jones, Colin Gelder, John R Hurst, Gillian E Lowrey, Catherine Thompson, Robert A Stone
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if observed increased weekend mortality was associated with poorer quality of care for patients admitted to hospital with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation. DESIGN: Prospective case ascertainment cohort study. SETTING: 199 acute hospitals in England and Wales, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive COPD admissions, excluding subsequent readmissions, from 1 February to 30 April 2014 of whom 13 414 cases were entered into the study...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880582/ihc-electronic-posters-saturday-and-sunday
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880580/ihc-posters-saturday-and-sunday
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877753/weekends-affect-mortality-risk-and-chance-of-discharge-in-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study-in-the-austrian-registry-for-intensive-care
#9
Paul Zajic, Peter Bauer, Andrew Rhodes, Rui Moreno, Tobias Fellinger, Barbara Metnitz, Faidra Stavropoulou, Martin Posch, Philipp G H Metnitz
BACKGROUND: In this study, we primarily investigated whether ICU admission or ICU stay at weekends (Saturday and Sunday) is associated with a different risk of ICU mortality or chance of ICU discharge than ICU admission or ICU stay on weekdays (Monday to Friday). Secondarily, we analysed whether weekend ICU admission or ICU stay influences risk of hospital mortality or chance of hospital discharge. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed for all adult patients admitted to 119 ICUs participating in the benchmarking project of the Austrian Centre for Documentation and Quality Assurance in Intensive Care (ASDI) between 2012 and 2015...
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874939/rapid-primary-care-follow-up-from-the-ed-to-reduce-avoidable-hospital-admissions
#10
Amanda S Carmel, Peter Steel, Robert Tanouye, Aleksey Novikov, Sunday Clark, Sanjai Sinha, Judy Tung
INTRODUCTION: Hospital admissions from the emergency department (ED) now account for approximately 50% of all admissions. Some patients admitted from the ED may not require inpatient care if outpatient care could be optimized. However, access to primary care especially immediately after ED discharge is challenging. Studies have not addressed the extent to which hospital admissions from the ED may be averted with access to rapid (next business day) primary care follow-up. We evaluated the impact of an ED-to-rapid-primary-care protocol on avoidance of hospitalizations in a large, urban medical center...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874937/antimicrobial-therapy-for-pneumonia-in-the-emergency-department-the-impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-on-appropriateness
#11
Brett A Faine, Nicholas Mohr, Jenna Dietrich, Laura Meadow, Kari K Harland, Elizabeth Chrischilles
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia impacts over four million people annually and is the leading cause of infectious disease-related hospitalization and mortality in the United States. Appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy decreases hospital length of stay and improves mortality. The objective of our study was to test the hypothesis that the presence of an emergency medicine (EM) clinical pharmacist improves the timing and appropriateness of empiric antimicrobial therapy for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP)...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855774/studying-the-variability-in-patient-inflow-and-staffing-trends-on-sundays-versus-other-days-in-the-academic-emergency-department
#12
K T Madavan Nambiar, Nisanth Menon Nedungalaparambil, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh
BACKGROUND: Resource limitation, staff deficiency, and variability in patient inflow contribute to emergency department (ED) overcrowding, associated with delayed care, poor care, and poor patient outcomes. This study seeks to describe and analyze patient inflow variability and staffing trends on Sundays versus other days in a tertiary academic ED from South India. METHODS: Patient inflow and staffing data for 2 years were collected from hospital records, cross-checked, and statistically analyzed using Epi Info 7...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852460/ureterovaginal-fistula-following-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-repaired-by-vaginal-ureteroneocystostomy-in-a-low-resource-setting
#13
Sunday J Lengmang, Abubakar B Dakingari, Paul Ushie, George A A Chima, Edwin Oseni-Momudu
Ureterovaginal fistula commonly follows ureteric injury during pelvic surgery, and presents with continuous urinary incontinence in spite of normal micturition. Continuous urinary incontinence has significant impact on quality of life, thus requiring effective surgical intervention in order to restore health. We found no reported case of ureterovaginal fistula following spontaneous vaginal delivery with prolonged obstructed labour. Relevant history and simple diagnostic procedures were used for diagnosis and the patient had successful vaginal ureteroneocystostomy...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849356/hair-zinc-an-index-for-zinc-status-in-under-five-children-from-low-income-communities-in-kanam-area-of-north-central-nigeria
#14
Kiri H Jaryum, Zebulon Sunday C Okoye, Barbara Stoecker
Nutritional deficiencies of trace elements are among the top ten causes of death in Sub Saharan Africa. In Kanam Local Government Area of Nigeria, the problem is compounded by high levels of poverty and illiteracy. Abnormally low hair zinc levels are important, sensitive diagnostic biochemical indices of Zinc deficiency. The purpose of this study is to assess the zinc status of children less than 5 years in Kanam local government area, north-central Nigeria, by measuring the zinc level in hair samples collected from 44 under-5 children across the area...
August 28, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831215/anti-diarrhea-activity-of-the-aqueous-root-bark-extract-of-byrsocarpus-coccineus-on-castor-oil-induced-diarrhea-in-wistar-rats
#15
Sunday A Ejeh, Patrick Onyeyili, Samson E Abalaka
AIM: The use of traditional medicine as an alternative source of cure for many ailments has played an important role in health care delivery in both developing and developed countries. Byrsocarpus coccineus Schum and Thonn (Connaraceae) is used in traditional medicine for treatment of various disease conditions, including diarrhea. The anti-diarrhea activity of the root bark aqueous extract of B. coccineus was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute toxicity evaluation of the aqueous extract of B...
July 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830124/postmortem-fluid-and-tissue-concentrations-of-thc-11-oh-thc-and-thc-cooh
#16
Sunday R Saenz, Russell J Lewis, Mike K Angier, Jarrad R Wagner
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug worldwide. Marijuana is used for its euphoric and relaxing properties. However, marijuana use has been shown to result in impaired memory, cognitive skills and psychomotor function. The Federal Aviation Administration's Civil Aerospace Medical Institute conducts toxicological analysis on aviation fatalities. Due to severe trauma associated with aviation accidents, blood is not always available; therefore, the laboratory must rely on specimens other than blood for toxicological analysis in ~30-40% of cases...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824769/implementation-of-scribes-in-an-academic-emergency-department-the-resident-perspective
#17
Evan Ou, Mary Mulcare, Sunday Clark, Rahul Sharma
BACKGROUND : Medical scribes have been shown to improve emergency department (ED) throughput, physician productivity metrics, and patient satisfaction by fulfilling primary documentation and nonclinical functions. Little research has been done to date to study the effect of implementing a scribe program in a residency setting. OBJECTIVE : Our goal was to investigate emergency medicine residents' perception of their educational experience, including interactions with faculty, before and after the implementation of an ED scribe program...
August 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820856/perceived-wellness-associated-with-practice-and-competition-in-ncaa-division-i-football-players
#18
Aaron D Wellman, Sam C Coad, Patrick J Flynn, Ty K Siam, Christopher P McLellan
The present study assessed the influence of movement demands resulting from weekly practice sessions and games, on perceived wellness measurements taken post-game (Sunday) and 48 hours pre-game (Thursday) throughout the in-season period in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) division I football players. Thirty players were monitored using GPS receivers (Catapult Innovations OptimEye S5, Melbourne, Australia) during 12 games and 24 in-season practices. Movement variables included low-intensity distance, medium-intensity distance, high-intensity distance, sprint distance, total distance, player load, and acceleration and deceleration distance...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817733/changing-patterns-of-cataract-services-in-north-west-nigeria-2005-2016
#19
Nasiru Muhammad, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Mpyet Caleb, Nuhu Mohammed Maishanu, Aliyu Mohammed Jabo, Muhammad Mansur Rabiu, Covadonga Bascaran, Sunday Isiyaku, Allen Foster
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the impact of the eye care programme on cataract blindness and cataract surgical services in Sokoto, Nigeria over a 12 year period 2005-2016. METHODS: Data from the 2005 population based cross-sectional study of blindness in Sokoto state was re-analysed to obtain baseline estimates of the prevalence of cataract blindness and cataract surgical coverage for persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone. A population based survey of a representative sample of persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone was conducted in July 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798893/complementary-feeding-knowledge-practices-and-dietary-diversity-among-mothers-of-under-five-children-in-an-urban-community-in-lagos-state-nigeria
#20
Foluke Adenike Olatona, Jesupelumi Oreoluwa Adenihun, Sunday Adedeji Aderibigbe, Oluwafunmilayo Funke Adeniyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inappropriate complementary feeding is a major cause of child malnutrition and death. This study determined the complementary feeding knowledge, practices, minimum dietary diversity, and acceptable diet among mothers of under-five children in an urban Local Government Area of Lagos State, Southwest Nigeria. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Eti-Osa area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 355 mothers and infants...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
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