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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717780/epidemiology-of-prehospital-emergency-medical-service-use-in-korean-children
#1
Se Uk Lee, Dongbum Suh, Hahn Bom Kim, Jin Hee Jung, Ki Jeong Hong, Jin Hee Lee, Hye Young Jang, Hyun Noh, Jae Yun Jung, Do Kyun Kim, Young Ho Kwak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the epidemiology of pediatric patients transported by the National 119 Rescue Services in Korea. METHODS: We enrolled all pediatric patients (<16 years old) who used the National 119 Rescue Services in Korea between January 2006 and December 2008, and analyzed the 119 ambulance patient care record databases. RESULTS: The total number of the cases was 238,644 for 3 years. The median age was 6 years old and 59...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712685/emergency-medical-services-perspectives-on-identifying-and-reporting-victims-of-elder-abuse-neglect-and-self-neglect
#2
Tony Rosen, Cynthia Lien, Michael E Stern, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Regina Mysliwiec, Thomas J McCarthy, Sunday Clark, Mary R Mulcare, Daniel S Ribaudo, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer, Neal E Flomenbaum
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers, who perform initial assessments of ill and injured patients, often in a patient's home, are uniquely positioned to identify potential victims of elder abuse, neglect, or self-neglect. Despite this, few organized programs exist to ensure that EMS concerns are communicated to or further investigated by other health care providers, social workers, or the authorities. OBJECTIVE: To explore attitudes and self-reported practices of EMS providers surrounding identification and reporting of elder mistreatment...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#3
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704944/sphenostylis-stenocarpa-ex-a-rich-harms-a-fading-genetic-resource-in-a-changing-climate-prerequisite-for-conservation-and-sustainability
#4
Catherine Veronica Nnamani, Sunday Adesola Ajayi, Happiness Ogba Oselebe, Christopher John Atkinson, Anastasia Ngozi Igboabuchi, Eucharia Chizoba Ezigbo
The southeastern part of Nigeria is one of the major hotspots of useful plant genetic resources. These endemic species are associated with a rich indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity in relation to their use and conservation. Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., (African Yam Bean (AYB)), is one such crop within the family of Fabaceae. Its nutritional and eco-friendly characteristics have value in ameliorating malnutrition, hidden hunger and environmental degradation inherent in resource-poor rural and semi-rural communities throughout Africa...
July 12, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704292/improvement-of-higher-brain-dysfunction-after-brain-injury-by-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-intensive-rehabilitation-therapy-case-report
#5
Takatoshi Hara, Masahiro Abo, Nobuyuki Sasaki, Naoki Yamada, Masachika Niimi, Mari Kenmoku, Kastuya Kawakami, Reiko Saito
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and intensive cognitive rehabilitation (CR) were administered to two patients with cognitive dysfunction following brain injury. The first case was a 67-year-old man who presented with memory dysfunction, attention dysfunction, and decreased insight following diffuse axonal injury. High-frequency rTMS (10 Hz, 2400 pulses/day) targeting the anterior cingulate using a navigation system and CR were administered for 12 days at 1 year from the onset of injury...
July 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701293/online-reviews-as-health-data-examining-the-association-between-availability-of-health-care-services-and-patient-star-ratings-exemplified-by-the-yelp-academic-dataset
#6
Nam N Tran, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: There have been public health interventions that aim to reduce barriers to health care access by extending opening hours of health care facilities. However, the impact of opening hours from the patient's perspective is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between temporal accessibility of health care services and how patients rate the providers on Yelp, an online review website that is popular in the United States...
July 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700621/the-impact-of-hemodialysis-schedules-on-the-day-of-the-week-of-hospitalization-for-cardiovascular-and-infectious-diseases-over-a-period-of-20-years
#7
Masataka Banshodani, Hideki Kawanishi, Shingo Fukuma, Misaki Moriishi, Sadanori Shintaku, Shinichiro Tsuchiya
There have been no studies as yet that have evaluated how hemodialysis (HD) schedules affect the day of the week of hospitalization for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and infectious diseases (IDs), over a period of time. Herein, we performed a retrospective observational cohort study (1995-2014) evaluating 11,111 hospitalizations in 1,953 patients with end-stage renal disease, receiving HD 3 times a week (following either a Monday-Wednesday-Friday [MWF] schedule or a Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday [TTS] schedule) or receiving frequent HD (FHD) at least 4 times a week...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696294/trpm7-senses-oxidative-stress-to-release-zn-2-from-unique-intracellular-vesicles
#8
Sunday A Abiria, Grigory Krapivinsky, Rajan Sah, Ana G Santa-Cruz, Dipayan Chaudhuri, Jin Zhang, Pichet Adstamongkonkul, Paul G DeCaen, David E Clapham
TRPM7 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 7) regulates gene expression and stress-induced cytotoxicity and is required in early embryogenesis through organ development. Here, we show that the majority of TRPM7 is localized in abundant intracellular vesicles. These vesicles (M7Vs) are distinct from endosomes, lysosomes, and other familiar vesicles or organelles. M7Vs accumulate Zn(2+) in a glutathione-enriched, reduced lumen when cytosolic Zn(2+) concentrations are elevated. Treatments that increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) trigger TRPM7-dependent Zn(2+) release from the vesicles, whereas reduced glutathione prevents TRPM7-dependent cytosolic Zn(2+) influx...
July 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690732/maxillofacial-fractures-in-a-budding-teaching-hospital-a-study-of-pattern-of-presentation-and-care
#9
Obitade Sunday Obimakinde, Kolawole Olubunmi Ogundipe, Taopheeq Bamidele Rabiu, Victoria Nwebuni Okoje
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports indicated that there is geographic and sociodemographic variation in the epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures. Audit of maxillofacial injuries managed at any institution is therefore necessary to understand the trends and proffer strategies for prevention. We therefore embarked on this study to determine the pattern of maxillofacial fractures and concomitant injuries in our institution. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of information on demography, aetiology and type of maxillofacial fracture, patients' status, type of crash, level of consciousness and concomitant injuries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687345/molecular-diversity-geographic-distribution-and-host-range-of-monocot-infecting-mastreviruses-in-africa-and-surrounding-islands
#10
Simona Kraberger, Salem Saumtally, Daniel Pande, Michel H R Khoodoo, Sonalall Dhayan, Asha Dookun-Saumtally, Dionne N Shepherd, Penelope Hartnady, Richard Atkinson, Francisco M Lakay, Britt Hanson, Devasha Redhi, Adérito L Monjane, Oliver P Windram, Matthew Walters, Sunday Oluwafemi, Jean Michel-Lett, Pierre Lefeuvre, Darren P Martin, Arvind Varsani
Maize streak virus (MSV), an important pathogen of maize in Africa, is the most extensively studied member of the Mastrevirus genus in the family Geminiviridae. Comparatively little is known about other monocot-infecting African mastreviruses, most of which infect uncultivated grasses. Here we determine the complete sequences of 134 full African mastrevirus genomes from predominantly uncultivated Poaceae species. Based on established taxonomic guidelines for the genus Mastrevirus, these genomes could be classified as belonging to the species Maize streak virus, Eragrostis minor streak virus, Maize streak Reunion virus, Panicum streak virus, Sugarcane streak Reunion virus and Sugarcane streak virus...
July 4, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686104/chelsea-pimlico-and-belgravia-district-nursing-association-1930-1939-a-case-study
#11
Julie Bliss
The case study explores how the expansion of the health services during the interwar period impacted upon the status of district nursing and examines how being a voluntary service shaped district nursing associations. A range of primary sources were used; the Association Annual Reports, the Medical Officer for Health Annual Reports for the Borough of Chelsea, the Ministry of Health records, the archives of the Queen's Nursing Institute (QNI) and the Borough of Chelsea Council Minutes. The Medical Officer for Health Reports and the Council minutes identify efforts to improve environmental factors that impacted upon health...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683557/weekend-versus-weekday-admission-and-in-hospital-mortality-for-pulmonary-embolism-a-14-year-retrospective-study-on-the-national-hospital-database-of-italy
#12
Massimo Gallerani, Ugo Fedeli, Marco Pala, Alfredo De Giorgi, Fabio Fabbian, Roberto Manfredini
We assessed the association between weekday (WD) or weekend (WE) admission and mortality for patients hospitalized with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Weekend included holidays. We analyzed hospital administrative data of all patients discharged with a diagnosis of PE extracted from the Italian Health Ministry database (January 2001 to December 2014). A total of 265 035 hospitalizations with a diagnosis of PE were retrieved, in which PE was the primary diagnosis in 198 565 (74.9%); 200 166 (75.5%) patients were admitted on WD and 64 869 (24...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679383/strengthening-close-to-community-provision-of-maternal-health-services-in-fragile-settings-an-exploration-of-the-changing-roles-of-tbas-in-sierra-leone-and-somaliland
#13
Evelyn Orya, Sunday Adaji, Thidar Pyone, Haja Wurie, Nynke van den Broek, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Efforts to take forward universal health coverage require innovative approaches in fragile settings, which experience particularly acute human resource shortages and poor health indicators. For maternal and newborn health, it is important to innovate with new partnerships and roles for Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) to promote maternal health. We explore perspectives on programmes in Somaliland and Sierra Leone which link TBAs to health centres as part of a pathway to maternal health care...
July 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676058/chemical-constituents-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-properties-of-the-essential-oil-flower-of-tagetes-minuta-grown-in-cala-community-eastern-cape-south-africa
#14
Aboi Igwaran, Benson Chucks Iweriebor, Sunday Ofuzim Okoh, Uchechukwu Uchechukwu Nwodo, Larry Chikwelu Obi, Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh
BACKGROUND: Tagetes minuta has a long record of human use for the treatment of stomach and intestinal diseases. Most drugs used for diseases treatment are less efficacious with side effects and this brought the search for new treatment regimens mainly from medicinal plants. METHOD: The essential oil (EO) was extracted by Clevenger's-type apparatus and its chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial properties were determined by GC-MS, spectrophotometric and broth dilution methods respectively...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675113/low-levels-of-physical-activity-during-critical-illness-and-weaning-the-evidence-reality-gap
#15
Bronwen A Connolly, Jessica L Mortimore, Abdel Douiri, Joleen W Rose, Nicholas Hart, Susan C Berney
BACKGROUND: Physical rehabilitation can benefit critically ill patients during intensive care unit (ICU) admission, but routine clinical practice remains inconsistent nor examined in prolonged mechanical ventilation patients transferred to a specialist ventilator weaning unit (VWU). Behavioral mapping is a sampling approach that allows detailed reporting of physical activity profiles. The objective of this study was to characterize the physical activity profile of critically ill patients in a UK ICU and VWU...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671984/reclaiming-streets-for-outdoor-play-a-process-and-impact-evaluation-of-juega-en-tu-barrio-play-in-your-neighborhood-an-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-opportunities-for-play
#16
Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Andrea Albagli, Kabir P Sadarangani, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias
BACKGROUND: New strategies are required to create supportive physical and social environments for children and promote active free-play. Juega en tu Barrio (JETB; Play in your Neighborhood) was designed and implemented to explore the effectiveness of closing a street in a low-to-middle income neighborhood in order to increase children's outside play and physical activity. METHODS: A pretest-posttest design with control group was employed to investigate the intervention effects in a subsample of 100 children, 51 from the intervention neighborhood and 49 from the control neighborhood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670643/factors-associated-with-tb-hiv-co-infection-among-drug-sensitive-tuberculosis-patients-managed-in-a-secondary-health-facility-in-lagos-nigeria
#17
Olusola A Adejumo, Olusoji J Daniel, Andrew F Otesanya, Adebukola A Adegbola, Temitope Femi-Adebayo, Abimbola Bowale, Sunday Adesola, Olugbenga O Kuku, Kehinde O Otemuyiwa, Shafaatu N Oladega, Eze O Johnson, Ayodeji A Falana, Olusola Dawodu, Henry Owuna, Ganiyat Osoba, Adetokunbo Dacosta
BACKGROUND: This study assessed factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection among TB patients managed in a secondary health facility in Lagos Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of treatment cards of patients seen at a secondary referral hospital between January 1 2014 and December 31 2014 was conducted. Treatment outcomes and factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 334 records of patients reviewed, the proportion of patients with TB/HIV co-infection was 21...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659711/conservation-of-repeats-at-the-mammalian-kcnq1ot1-cdkn1c-region-suggests-a-role-in-genomic-imprinting
#18
Marcos De Donato, Tanveer Hussain, Hectorina Rodulfo, Sunday O Peters, Ikhide G Imumorin, Bolaji N Thomas
KCNQ1OT1 is located in the region with the highest number of genes showing genomic imprinting, but the mechanisms controlling the genes under its influence have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we conducted a comparative analysis of the KCNQ1/KCNQ1OT1-CDKN1C region to study its conservation across the best assembled eutherian mammalian genomes sequenced to date and analyzed potential elements that may be implicated in the control of genomic imprinting in this region. The genomic features in these regions from human, mouse, cattle, and dog show a higher number of genes and CpG islands (detected using cpgplot from EMBOSS), but lower number of repetitive elements (including short interspersed nuclear elements and long interspersed nuclear elements), compared with their whole chromosomes (detected by RepeatMasker)...
2017: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654959/cardiovascular-testing-and-clinical-outcomes-in-emergency-department-patients-with-chest-pain
#19
Alexander T Sandhu, Paul A Heidenreich, Jay Bhattacharya, M Kate Bundorf
Importance: Noninvasive testing and coronary angiography are used to evaluate patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain, but their effects on outcomes are uncertain. Objective: To determine whether cardiovascular testing-noninvasive imaging or coronary angiography-is associated with changes in the rates of coronary revascularization or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) admission in patients who present to the ED with chest pain without initial findings of ischemia...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651519/analysis-of-the-genetic-variation-in-mitochondrial-dna-y-chromosome-sequences-and-mc1r-sheds-light-on-the-ancestry-of-nigerian-indigenous-pigs
#20
Adeniyi C Adeola, Olufunke O Oluwole, Bukola M Oladele, Temilola O Olorungbounmi, Bamidele Boladuro, Sunday C Olaogun, Lotanna M Nneji, Oscar J Sanke, Philip M Dawuda, Ofelia G Omitogun, Laurent Frantz, Robert W Murphy, Hai-Bing Xie, Min-Sheng Peng, Ya-Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: The history of pig populations in Africa remains controversial due to insufficient evidence from archaeological and genetic data. Previously, a Western ancestry for West African pigs was reported based on loci that are involved in the determination of coat color. We investigated the genetic diversity of Nigerian indigenous pigs (NIP) by simultaneously analyzing variation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), Y-chromosome sequence and the melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R) gene. RESULTS: Median-joining network analysis of mtDNA D-loop sequences from 201 NIP and previously characterized loci clustered NIP with populations from the West (Europe/North Africa) and East/Southeast Asia...
June 26, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
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