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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160187/the-role-of-community-structure-in-shaping-african-fertility-pattern-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#1
Clifford Odimegwu, Sunday A Adedini
Anthropological explanations of demographic outcomes have emphasized the need to understand how community structures contribute to those outcomes. However, studies on fertility dynamics in Africa have largely focused on micro-level factors, thus ignoring the influence of community contexts. Using the most recent Demographic and Health Survey data from Egypt (Northern Africa), Cameroon (Middle Africa), Kenya (Eastern Africa), Nigeria (Western Africa) and Zimbabwe (Southern Africa), the study employed multilevel Poisson regression models to examine the influence of community factors on African fertility levels and patterns...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158910/association-between-working-time-quality-and-self-perceived-health-analysis-of-the-3rd-korean-working-conditions-survey-2011
#2
Jaeyoup Jung, Gyuree Kim, Kyusung Kim, Domyung Paek, Sung-Il Cho
Background: Self-perceived health, a subjective assessment of one's health condition, is an important health indicator at the level of quality of life. In this study, working time quality refer to job factors with qualitative aspects of working time. This study was conducted to investigate the association between working time quality and self-perceived health in paid workers in Korea. Methods: In this study, 35,902 paid workers were analyzed based on the 3rd Korean working conditions survey...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145721/meta-analysis-of-day-of-week-variation-of-acute-aortic-rupture-or-dissection
#3
Hisato Takagi, Tomo Ando, Shohei Mitta, Takuya Umemoto
BACKGROUND: We performed a meta-analysis to assess the presence of a day-of-week rhythmic variability of acute aortic rupture or dissection (AARD) onset. METHODS: Eligible studies were observational studies enrolling patients with AARD and reporting day-of-week variation of AARD. Study-specific estimates, i.e. day-of-week incidence of AARD, were combined using the random-effects model. Chronobiological analysis was performed by applying a partial Fourier series to pooled day-of-week incidence by using the inverse-variance weighted least-squares method...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142389/bioactive-constituents-radical-scavenging-and-antibacterial-properties-of-the-leaves-and-stem-essential-oils-from-peperomia-pellucida-l-kunth
#4
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriebor, Omobola O Okoh, Anthony I Okoh
Background: Peperomia pellucida is an annual herbaceous ethnomedicinal plant used in the treatment of a variety of communicable and noncommunicable diseases in the Amazon region. Objective: The study aimed at profiling the bioactive constituents of the leaves and stem essential oils (LEO and SEO) of P. pellucida, their in vitro antibacterial and radical scavenging properties as probable lead constituents in the management of oxidative stress and infectious diseases...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131456/performance-and-hemtochemical-parameters-of-buck-kids-fed-concentrate-partially-replaced-with-tropical-piliostigma-thonningii-foliage
#5
Olurotimi A Olafadehan, Ahmed A Njidda, Sunday A Okunade, Sarah O Salihu, David O Balogun, Abdelfattah Z M Salem
Fifteen 5-month-old Red Sokoto buck-kids, (6.6 ± 0.71 kg body weight (BW)) randomly distributed into three groups of five animals per group, were used to study the effects of supplementary concentrate partially replaced with Piliostigma thonningii (PT) foliage on the growth performance, economic benefit and blood profile in a completely randomized design using analysis of variance. The goats in group 1 received 100% supplementary concentrates (PT0), groups 2 and 3 received 25% (PT25) and 50% (PT50), respectively, of concentrate replaced with an equal amount (dry matter basis) of Piliostigma foliage...
November 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126490/dental-management-of-patients-who-have-undergone-oral-cancer-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Alessandro Villa, Sunday O Akintoye
Oral cancer therapies are associated with orofacial complications that could result in dose-limiting cancer treatment and consequent suboptimal tumor control. Oral cancer treatment complications include oral mucositis, salivary gland hypofunction, odontogenic infections, pain, dermatitis, neurotoxicity, soft tissue fibrosis, trismus, osteoradionecrosis, and potential cancer recurrence. These complications significantly affect cancer survivorship, quality of life, and psychosocial status. Effective dental management of patients with oral cancer involves the coordination of care among several health care professionals before, during, and after cancer therapy...
January 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118990/expanding-hiv-aids-care-service-sites-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-community-pharmacists-views-in-south-east-nigeria
#7
Nnenna Ajagu, Maureen Ugonwa Anetoh, Sunday Odunke Nduka
Background: Community pharmacists are very accessible to most patients yet; they have been underutilized in the aspect of providing HIV care and services. The World Health Organisation recently recommended expanding community pharmacists' roles to address the increasing complexity of antiretroviral agents and co-infection drug regimen. This study therefore was designed to assess the readiness and willingness of community pharmacists in Nigeria to participate in the care of people living with HIV/AIDS and the possible inclusion of their pharmacy premises as sites for HIV care services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113444/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-safety-and-security-at-odi-district-hospital-gauteng-south-africa
#8
Sunday O Okeke, Langalibalele H Mabuza
BACKGROUND: For optimum delivery of service, an establishment needs to ensure a safe and secure environment. In 2011, the South African government promulgated the National Core Standards for Health Establishments for safety and security for all employees in all establishments. Little is known about whether these standards are being complied to.Aim and setting: To assess the perceptions of health care professionals (HCPs) on safety and security at Odi District Hospital. METHODOLOGY: A sample of 181 out of a total of 341 HCPs was drawn through a systematic sampling method from each HCP category...
October 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111962/age-specific-factors-related-to-institutional-delivery-in-nigeria-insights-from-the-2011-multiple-indicators-cluster-survey
#9
Comfort Z Olorunsaiye, Hannah M Degge, Sunday J Lengmang
With 814 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, maternal mortality remains a significant public health problem in Nigeria. We examined associations between maternal age and institutional delivery among 9,485 women, using data from the 2011 Nigeria Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey. We used multiple logistic regression to identify enabling factors and barriers to institutional delivery. Older maternal age was positively associated with institutional delivery. In age-stratified, adjusted analyses, secondary/higher education and living in wealthy households were consistently associated with increased odds of institutional delivery among the youngest (15-19 years) and the oldest (40-49 years) women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106689/effects-of-systematic-variation-in-size-and-surface-coating-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-their-in-vitro-toxicity-to-macrophage-raw-264-7-cells
#10
Sunday Makama, Samantha K Kloet, Jordi Piella, Hans van den Berg, Norbert C A de Ruijter, Victor F Puntes, Ivonne M C M Rietjens, Nico W van den Brink
In literature, varying and sometimes conflicting effects of physicochemical properties of NPs are reported on their uptake and effects in organisms. To address this, small and medium sized (20 and 50 nm) AgNPs with specified different surface coating/charges were synthesized and used to systematically assess effects of NP-properties on their uptake and effects in vitro. AgNPs were fully characterized for charge and size distribution in both water and test media. Macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) were exposed to these AgNPs at different concentrations (0 - 200 µg/mL)...
November 2, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099523/a-potential-strategy-for-counteracting-age-related-sarcopenia-preliminary-evidence-of-combined-exercise-training-and-leucine-supplementation
#11
Z Xia, J M Cholewa, Y Zhao, Y Yang, H Shang, H Jiang, Q Su, N E Zanchi
Previous research has demonstrated the positive effects of concurrent/combined aerobic and resistance exercise or leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and hypertrophy in aging organisms. However, the effects of a multimodal intervention which combines both aerobic and resistance exercise and leucine supplementation has not been fully elucidated. Eighteen month old and 2 month old C57BL/6 mice were assigned to aging control (AC, n = 8), aging and multimodal intervention (AMI, n = 8) and young control (YC, n = 8)...
November 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089740/awareness-and-use-of-surgical-checklist-among-theatre-users-at-ekiti-state-university-teaching-hospital-ado-ekiti-nigeria
#12
Johnson Dare Ogunlusi, Moruf Babatunde Yusuf, Popoola Sunday Ogunsuyi, Obafemi K Wuraola, Waheed O Babalola, Kehinde Sunday Oluwadiya, Oduwole Olayemi Ajogbasile
BACKGROUND: Surgical checklist was introduced by the World Health Organization to reduce the number of surgical deaths and complications. During a surgical conference on "safety in surgical practice," it was noticed that the awareness and the use of surgical checklist are poor in Nigerian hospitals. This study was aimed at determining the awareness and use of surgical checklist among the theater users in our hospital, factors militating against its implementation, and make recommendations...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089734/management-of-brain-abscess-changing-trend-and-experience-in-enugu-nigeria
#13
Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Wilfred C Mezue, Mark C Chikani, Sunday P Nkwerem, Ignatius I Ozor
BACKGROUND: Intracranial abscess remains a significant health-care problem. Its causes, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome are changing. AIM: This paper reviewed the demography, examined new trends, and compared outcomes with different treatment options. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of intracranial abscesses managed at Memfys Hospital, Enugu (2004-2014) and University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (2009-2014). Patients were followed up for at least 6 months...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089729/sensitivity-of-computed-tomography-guided-transthoracic-biopsies-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-institution
#14
Sunday Adoga Edaigbini, Muhammad Balarabe Aminu, Ibrahim Zira Delia, Ndubuisi Anumenechi, Ikechukwuka Ifeanyichukwu Alioke, Benjamine Fomete, Modupeola Omotara A Samaila
INTRODUCTION: The indications for open biopsies for intrathoracic lesions have become almost negligible. This development was made possible by less invasive maneuvers such as computed tomography-guided (CT-guided) biopsy, thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopy, and bronchoscopy. CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy was first reported in 1976. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of the study is to report our experience with CT-guided transthoracic biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinical and radiological evidence of intrathoracic mass were counseled and consent obtained for the procedure...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082907/self-discharge-against-medical-advice-from-tertiary-health-institution-a-call-for-concern
#15
Moruf Babatunde Yusuf, Johnson Dare Ogunlusi, Sunday Ogunsuyi Popoola, Sheriff Olawale Ogunlayi, Waheed Olaide Babalola, Kehinde Sunday Oluwadiya
BACKGROUND: Self-discharge by patients without completing their treatment is a problematic issue in healthcare and is strongly associated with readmission and poor treatment outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive study of the rate and reasons why patients with limb injuries took self-discharge against medical advice (DAMA) from our facility, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, a tertiary health institution between May 2011 and April 2014...
July 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072881/case-report-of-treatment-with-a-sigmoid-neovagina-for-a-patient-with-vesicovaginal-fistula-and-gynatresia
#16
Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Uche E Eni, Kenneth C Ekwedigwe, Babafemi A C Daniyan, Olusola N Abodunrin, Maradona E Isikhuemen, Monday O Eliboh, Sunday M Uguru
Vaginal stenosis or gynatresia is when part of the female genital tract is occluded [1]. Gynatresia and vesicovaginal fistula are forms of delivery injury resulting, primarily, from prolonged obstructed labor in low-income countries [2]. Surgical repair of vesicovaginal fistula can be complicated by gynatresia. Repairing a fistula without addressing other issues such as gynatresia does not allow the patient to fully regain their normal life. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071892/-grain-moxibustion-may-protect-myocardium-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-in-doxorubicin-induced-cardiomyopathy-rats
#17
Yan Xiao, Liang Ding, Hao Chen, Yi-Huang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effectiveness of grain-moxibustion in resisting oxidative stress in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy rats. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into blank control group (blank group), cardiomyopathy model (model) group and grain-moxibustion (moxibustion) group, with 20 rats in each one. The cardiomyopathy model was established by intraperitoneal injection of DOX (0.5 mg/100 g), once a week for 4 weeks. Grain-moxibustion was applied to "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Juque" (CV 14) for 5 cones, once daily for 4 weeks except the Sundays...
December 25, 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068121/sunday-29-october
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062324/effect-of-vitamin-a-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-in-hiv-and-hiv-tb-co-infection-at-lagos-university-teaching-hospital-luth-nigeria
#19
Oluwamayowa Makinde, Kunle Rotimi, Victor Ikumawoyi, Titilope Adeyemo, Sunday Olayemi
BACKGROUND: HIV and TB infections are both associated with elevated oxidative stress parameters. Anti-oxidant supplementation may offer beneficial effects in positively modulating oxidative stress parameters in HIV and HIV-TB infected patients. We investigated the effects of vitamin A and C supplementation on oxidative stress in HIV infected and HIV-TB co-infected subjects. METHODS: 40 HIV/TB co-infected and 50 HIV mono-infected patients were divided into 2 equal groups...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051460/changes-in-the-treatment-of-some-physico-chemical-properties-of-cassava-mill-effluents-using-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Sunday Etim Bassey, Elijah Ige Ohimain
Cassava is majorly processed into gari by smallholders in Southern Nigeria. During processing, large volume of effluents are produced in the pressing stage of cassava tuber processing. The cassava mill effluents are discharged into the soil directly and it drain into nearby pits, surface water, and canals without treatment. Cassava mill effluents is known to alter the receiving soil and water characteristics and affects the biota in such environments, such as fishes (water), domestic animals, and vegetation (soil)...
October 16, 2017: Toxics
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