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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798893/complementary-feeding-knowledge-practices-and-dietary-diversity-among-mothers-of-under-five-children-in-an-urban-community-in-lagos-state-nigeria
#1
Foluke Adenike Olatona, Jesupelumi Oreoluwa Adenihun, Sunday Adedeji Aderibigbe, Oluwafunmilayo Funke Adeniyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inappropriate complementary feeding is a major cause of child malnutrition and death. This study determined the complementary feeding knowledge, practices, minimum dietary diversity, and acceptable diet among mothers of under-five children in an urban Local Government Area of Lagos State, Southwest Nigeria. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Eti-Osa area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 355 mothers and infants...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798086/the-changing-tides-of-the-type-2-diabetes-epidemic-smooth-sailing-or-troubled-waters-ahead-kelly-west-award-lecture-2016
#2
Edward W Gregg
The Kelly West Award for Outstanding Achievement in Epidemiology is given in memory of Kelly M. West, widely regarded as the "father of diabetes epidemiology," to an individual who has made significant contributions to the field of diabetes epidemiology. Edward W. Gregg, PhD, of the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, received the prestigious award at the American Diabetes Association's 76th Scientific Sessions, 10-14 June 2016, in New Orleans, LA. He presented the Kelly West Award Lecture, "Changing Tides of the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic-Smooth Sailing or Troubled Waters Ahead?" on Sunday, 12 June 2016...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764173/clinical-and-laboratory-predictors-of-frequency-of-painful-crises-among-sickle-cell-anaemia-patients-in-nigeria
#3
Angela Ogechukwu Ugwu, Obike Godswill Ibegbulam, Theresa Ukamaka Nwagha, Anazoeze Jude Madu, Sunday Ocheni, Iheanyi Okpala
INTRODUCTION: The severity of Sickle Cell Anaemia (SCA) in terms of frequency of painful Vaso-Occlusive Crises (VOC) may be affected by clinical and haematological parameters amongst others. Elucidation of these factors in a given disease prevalent environment is necessary for prompt and effective management of patients with frequent painful VOC. AIM: This study aimed at determining the clinical and laboratory predictors of frequency of painful VOC among SCA patients in Enugu, Southeastern Nigeria...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761450/lipidemic-effects-of-common-edible-oils-and-risk-of-atherosclerosis-in-diabetic-wistar-rats
#4
Olulola Olutoyin Oladapo, Kehinde Adeyemi Ojora, Oluwafemi Majeed Quadri, Rotimi Sunday Ajani
BACKGROUND: Diabetic state potentiates atherosclerosis and the type of edible oil consumed by the individual may affect this further. This study aimed to determine if the common edible oils in Nigeria have any effects on the lipid profiles and arteries of alloxan-induced diabetic male Wistar rats. METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups of normal control, diabetic control, animals on diet enriched with refined, bleached deodorized palm oil (RBD-PO), animals on diet enriched with soya oil, and animals on diet enriched with olive oil...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756922/in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-cytochrome-p450-3a-enzyme-inhibition-by-aframomum-melegueta-and-denniettia-tripetala-extracts
#5
Sunday O Nduka, Mathew J Okonta, Daniel L Ajaghaku, Chinwe V Ukwe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vitro and in vivo inhibitory effects of two commonly used herbs, Aframomum melegueta (A. melengueta) and Dennettia tripetala (D. tripetala) on CYP 3A enzymes. METHODS: In vitro inhibition of the enzymes were assessed with microsomes extracted from female albino rats using erythromycin-N-demethylation assay (EMND) method while their in vivo effects were measured by estimating simvastatin plasma concentrations in rats. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined using non-compartmental analysis as implemented in WinNonlin pharmacokinetic program...
June 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749322/integration-of-slack-a-cloud-based-team-collaboration-application-into-research-coordination
#6
Miriam Gofine, Sunday Clark
Practitioners of epidemiology require efficient real-time communication and shared access to numerous documents in order to effectively manage a study. Much of this communication involves study logistics and does not require use of Protected Health Information. Slack is a team collaboration app; it archives all direct messages and group conversations, hosts documents internally, and integrates with the Google Docs application. Slack has both desktop and mobile applications, allowing users to communicate in real-time without the need to find email addresses or phone numbers or create contact lists...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748174/antiplasmodial-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-ethanol-extract-of-zea-mays-root
#7
Jude Efiom Okokon, Bassey Sunday Antia, Bala Adamu Azare, Patience Jude Okokon
OBJECTIVE: Zea mays root decoction that has been traditionally used for the treatment of malaria by various tribes in Nigeria, was evaluated for antimalarial potential against malaria parasites using in vivo and in vitro models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The root extract of Zea mays was investigated for antimalarial activity against Plasmodium berghei in mice using rodent malaria models; suppressive, prophylactic and curative tests and in vitro antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive (Pf 3D7) and resistant (Pf INDO) strains of Plasmodium falciparum using SYBR green assay method...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735725/susceptibility-to-cigarette-smoking-among-middle-and-high-school-e-cigarette-users-in-canada
#8
Sunday Azagba, Neill Bruce Baskerville, Kristie Foley
There is a growing concern that the historic reductions in tobacco consumption witnessed in the past decades may be undermined by the rapid increase in e-cigarette use. This study examined the association between e-cigarette use and future intention to smoke cigarettes among middle and high school students who had never smoked cigarettes. Data were drawn from the 2014-2015 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (n=25,637). A multivariable logistic regression model was used to examine the association between e-cigarette use and susceptibility to cigarette smoking...
July 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719975/toxicological-effects-of-aqueous-extract-from-african-walnut-tetracarpidium-conophorum-leaves-in-rats
#9
Seun F Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Tetracarpidium conophorum leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of male infertility, without considering its toxicity and side effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of T conophorum leaves on some biochemical parameters such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, albumin, creatinine, and uric acid. Histology of the liver and kidney were also assessed. The result revealed that the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels of the control group were not significantly different from the experimental groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717780/epidemiology-of-prehospital-emergency-medical-service-use-in-korean-children
#10
Se Uk Lee, Dongbum Suh, Hahn Bom Kim, Jin Hee Jung, Ki Jeong Hong, Jin Hee Lee, Hye Young Jang, Hyun Noh, Jae Yun Jung, Do Kyun Kim, Young Ho Kwak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the epidemiology of pediatric patients transported by the National 119 Rescue Services in Korea. METHODS: We enrolled all pediatric patients (<16 years old) who used the National 119 Rescue Services in Korea between January 2006 and December 2008, and analyzed the 119 ambulance patient care record databases. RESULTS: The total number of the cases was 238,644 for 3 years. The median age was 6 years old and 59...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712685/emergency-medical-services-perspectives-on-identifying-and-reporting-victims-of-elder-abuse-neglect-and-self-neglect
#11
Tony Rosen, Cynthia Lien, Michael E Stern, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Regina Mysliwiec, Thomas J McCarthy, Sunday Clark, Mary R Mulcare, Daniel S Ribaudo, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer, Neal E Flomenbaum
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers, who perform initial assessments of ill and injured patients, often in a patient's home, are uniquely positioned to identify potential victims of elder abuse, neglect, or self-neglect. Despite this, few organized programs exist to ensure that EMS concerns are communicated to or further investigated by other health care providers, social workers, or the authorities. OBJECTIVE: To explore attitudes and self-reported practices of EMS providers surrounding identification and reporting of elder mistreatment...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#12
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704944/sphenostylis-stenocarpa-ex-a-rich-harms-a-fading-genetic-resource-in-a-changing-climate-prerequisite-for-conservation-and-sustainability
#13
Catherine Veronica Nnamani, Sunday Adesola Ajayi, Happiness Ogba Oselebe, Christopher John Atkinson, Anastasia Ngozi Igboabuchi, Eucharia Chizoba Ezigbo
The southeastern part of Nigeria is one of the major hotspots of useful plant genetic resources. These endemic species are associated with a rich indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity in relation to their use and conservation. Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., (African Yam Bean (AYB)), is one such crop within the family of Fabaceae. Its nutritional and eco-friendly characteristics have value in ameliorating malnutrition, hidden hunger and environmental degradation inherent in resource-poor rural and semi-rural communities throughout Africa...
July 12, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704292/improvement-of-higher-brain-dysfunction-after-brain-injury-by-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-intensive-rehabilitation-therapy-case-report
#14
Takatoshi Hara, Masahiro Abo, Nobuyuki Sasaki, Naoki Yamada, Masachika Niimi, Mari Kenmoku, Kastuya Kawakami, Reiko Saito
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and intensive cognitive rehabilitation (CR) were administered to two patients with cognitive dysfunction following brain injury. The first case was a 67-year-old man who presented with memory dysfunction, attention dysfunction, and decreased insight following diffuse axonal injury. High-frequency rTMS (10 Hz, 2400 pulses/day) targeting the anterior cingulate using a navigation system and CR were administered for 12 days at 1 year from the onset of injury...
September 6, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701293/online-reviews-as-health-data-examining-the-association-between-availability-of-health-care-services-and-patient-star-ratings-exemplified-by-the-yelp-academic-dataset
#15
Nam N Tran, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: There have been public health interventions that aim to reduce barriers to health care access by extending opening hours of health care facilities. However, the impact of opening hours from the patient's perspective is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between temporal accessibility of health care services and how patients rate the providers on Yelp, an online review website that is popular in the United States...
July 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700621/the-impact-of-hemodialysis-schedules-on-the-day-of-the-week-of-hospitalization-for-cardiovascular-and-infectious-diseases-over-a-period-of-20-years
#16
Masataka Banshodani, Hideki Kawanishi, Shingo Fukuma, Misaki Moriishi, Sadanori Shintaku, Shinichiro Tsuchiya
There have been no studies as yet that have evaluated how hemodialysis (HD) schedules affect the day of the week of hospitalization for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and infectious diseases (IDs), over a period of time. Herein, we performed a retrospective observational cohort study (1995-2014) evaluating 11,111 hospitalizations in 1,953 patients with end-stage renal disease, receiving HD 3 times a week (following either a Monday-Wednesday-Friday [MWF] schedule or a Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday [TTS] schedule) or receiving frequent HD (FHD) at least 4 times a week...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696294/trpm7-senses-oxidative-stress-to-release-zn-2-from-unique-intracellular-vesicles
#17
Sunday A Abiria, Grigory Krapivinsky, Rajan Sah, Ana G Santa-Cruz, Dipayan Chaudhuri, Jin Zhang, Pichet Adstamongkonkul, Paul G DeCaen, David E Clapham
TRPM7 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 7) regulates gene expression and stress-induced cytotoxicity and is required in early embryogenesis through organ development. Here, we show that the majority of TRPM7 is localized in abundant intracellular vesicles. These vesicles (M7Vs) are distinct from endosomes, lysosomes, and other familiar vesicles or organelles. M7Vs accumulate Zn(2+) in a glutathione-enriched, reduced lumen when cytosolic Zn(2+) concentrations are elevated. Treatments that increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) trigger TRPM7-dependent Zn(2+) release from the vesicles, whereas reduced glutathione prevents TRPM7-dependent cytosolic Zn(2+) influx...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690732/maxillofacial-fractures-in-a-budding-teaching-hospital-a-study-of-pattern-of-presentation-and-care
#18
Obitade Sunday Obimakinde, Kolawole Olubunmi Ogundipe, Taopheeq Bamidele Rabiu, Victoria Nwebuni Okoje
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports indicated that there is geographic and sociodemographic variation in the epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures. Audit of maxillofacial injuries managed at any institution is therefore necessary to understand the trends and proffer strategies for prevention. We therefore embarked on this study to determine the pattern of maxillofacial fractures and concomitant injuries in our institution. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of information on demography, aetiology and type of maxillofacial fracture, patients' status, type of crash, level of consciousness and concomitant injuries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687345/molecular-diversity-geographic-distribution-and-host-range-of-monocot-infecting-mastreviruses-in-africa-and-surrounding-islands
#19
Simona Kraberger, Salem Saumtally, Daniel Pande, Michel H R Khoodoo, Sonalall Dhayan, Asha Dookun-Saumtally, Dionne N Shepherd, Penelope Hartnady, Richard Atkinson, Francisco M Lakay, Britt Hanson, Devasha Redhi, Adérito L Monjane, Oliver P Windram, Matthew Walters, Sunday Oluwafemi, Jean Michel-Lett, Pierre Lefeuvre, Darren P Martin, Arvind Varsani
Maize streak virus (MSV), an important pathogen of maize in Africa, is the most extensively studied member of the Mastrevirus genus in the family Geminiviridae. Comparatively little is known about other monocot-infecting African mastreviruses, most of which infect uncultivated grasses. Here we determine the complete sequences of 134 full African mastrevirus genomes from predominantly uncultivated Poaceae species. Based on established taxonomic guidelines for the genus Mastrevirus, these genomes could be classified as belonging to the species Maize streak virus, Eragrostis minor streak virus, Maize streak Reunion virus, Panicum streak virus, Sugarcane streak Reunion virus and Sugarcane streak virus...
July 4, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686104/chelsea-pimlico-and-belgravia-district-nursing-association-1930-1939-a-case-study
#20
Julie Bliss
The case study explores how the expansion of the health services during the interwar period impacted upon the status of district nursing and examines how being a voluntary service shaped district nursing associations. A range of primary sources were used; the Association Annual Reports, the Medical Officer for Health Annual Reports for the Borough of Chelsea, the Ministry of Health records, the archives of the Queen's Nursing Institute (QNI) and the Borough of Chelsea Council Minutes. The Medical Officer for Health Reports and the Council minutes identify efforts to improve environmental factors that impacted upon health...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
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