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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913598/describing-visible-acute-injuries-development-of-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-for-research-and-practice
#1
Tony Rosen, Christopher Reisig, Veronica M LoFaso, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Thomas J McCarthy, Estomih P Mtui, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: Little literature exists classifying and comprehensively describing intentional and unintentional acute injuries, which would be valuable for research and practice. In preparation for a study of injury patterns in elder abuse, our goal was to develop a comprehensive taxonomy of relevant types and characteristics of visible acute injuries and evaluate it in geriatric patients. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive review of the medical and forensic literature focusing on injury types, descriptions, patterns and analyses...
December 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909914/association-of-snp-variants-of-mhc-class-ii-drb-gene-with-thermo-physiological-traits-in-tropical-goats
#2
Abdulmojeed Yakubu, Adebowale E Salako, Marcos De Donato, Sunday O Peters, Michael I Takeet, Mathew Wheto, Moses Okpeku, Ikhide G Imumorin
Host defense in vertebrates depend on many secreted regulatory proteins such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II which provide important regulatory and effector functions of T cells. Gene polymorphism in the second exon of Capra-DRB gene in three major Nigerian goat breeds [West African Dwarf (WAD), Red Sokoto (RS), and Sahel (SH)] was analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP). Four restriction enzymes, BsaHI, AluI, HaeIII, and SacII, were utilized. The association between the polymorphic sites and some heat tolerance traits were also investigated in a total of 70 WAD, 90 RS, and 50 SH goats...
December 1, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894288/bactericidal-and-antioxidant-properties-of-essential-oils-from-the-fruits-dennettia-tripetala-g-baker
#3
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriegbor, Omobola O Okoh, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Anthony I Okoh
BACKGROUND: The antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the essential oils (EOs) of unripe and ripe fruits of Dennettia tripetala and their potential for the management of infectious and oxidative-stress diseases were investigated in-vitro in this study. METHOD: Essential oil obtained from the fruit in Clevenger modified apparatus, was characterized by high resolution GC-MS, while antioxidant and antibacterial properties were tested by spectrophotometric and agar diffusion methods respectively...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888000/enhanced-laboratory-capacity-development-a-boost-for-effective-tb-control-in-resource-limited-settings
#4
Abraham Sunday Alabi, Afsatou Ndama Traoré, Marguerite Massinga Loembe, Ulysse Ateba-Ngoa, Matthias Frank, Ayola Akim Adegnika, Bertrand Lell, Jocelyn Mahoumbou, Carsten Köhler, Peter Gottfried Kremsner, Martin Peter Grobusch
Both routine and research tuberculosis laboratory capacity urgently need to be expanded in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa. In 2009, the "Centre de Recherches Médicales de Lambaréné" (CERMEL), took a strategic decision to expand its activities by building tuberculosis (TB) laboratory capacity to address research questions and to improve routine diagnostic and treatment capacity. Over those past seven years, we have developed a standard a standard laboratory contributing significantly to TB diagnosis, treatment and control in Gabon; and providing training for TB research staff in Central Africa...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881914/habitual-cocoa-intake-reduces-arterial-stiffness-in-postmenopausal-women-regardless-of-intake-frequency-a-randomized-parallel-group-study
#5
Takanobu Okamoto, Ryota Kobayashi, Midori Natsume, Koichi Nakazato
Arterial stiffness is substantially higher in postmenopausal than in premenopausal women. Daily cocoa intake has been shown to reduce central arterial stiffness in health adults, regardless of age; however, the effect of cocoa-intake frequency on arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cocoa-intake frequency on arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women. A total of 26 postmenopausal women (mean age ± standard deviation 64±12 years) were randomly assigned to two groups with different cocoa-intake frequencies: one group ingested 17 g of cocoa once daily except on Sundays (every-day group, n=13), and the other ingested 17 g of cocoa twice daily every other day (every-other-day group, n=13)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876576/the-bone-regenerative-capacity-of-canine-mesenchymal-stem-cells-is-regulated-by-site-specific-multilineage-differentiation
#6
Juan Bugueño, Weihua Li, Pinky Salat, Ling Qin, Sunday O Akintoye
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer a promising therapy in dentistry because of their multipotent properties. Selecting donor MSCs is crucial because Beagle dogs (canines) commonly used in preclinical studies have shown variable outcomes, and it is unclear whether canine MSCs (cMSCs) are skeletal site specific. This study tested whether jaw and long bone cMSCs have disparate in vitro and in vivo multilineage differentiation capabilities. STUDY DESIGN: Primary cMSCs were isolated from the mandible (M-cMSCs) and femur (F-cMSCs) of four healthy Beagle dogs...
September 28, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875447/remembering-pearl-harbor-at-75-years
#7
Patricia Liehr, Janet Sopcheck, Gwyneth Milbrath
: On December 7, 1941, the Sunday-morning quiet of the U.S. naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was shattered by dive-bombing Japanese fighter planes. The planes came in two waves-and when it was all over, more than 2,400 were killed and more than 1,100 were injured.Nurses were stationed at U.S. Naval Hospital Pearl Harbor, Tripler General Hospital (now Tripler Army Medical Center), Hickam Field Hospital, Schofield Barracks Station Hospital, and aboard the USS Solace, and witnessed the devastation. But they also did what nurses do in emergencies-they responded and provided care to those in need...
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872791/antioxidant-and-antihyperglycemic-properties-of-three-banana-cultivars-musa-spp
#8
Bukola C Adedayo, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Background. This study sought to investigate the antioxidant and antihyperglycemic properties of Musa sapientum (Latundan banana) (MSL), Musa acuminata (Cavendish banana) (MAC), and Musa acuminate (Red Dacca) (MAR). Materials and Methods. The sugar, starch, amylose, and amylopectin contents and glycemic index (GI) of the three banana cultivars were determined. Furthermore, total phenol and vitamin C contents and α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects of banana samples were also determined. Results...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870496/sunday-20-november
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857646/time-from-accident-to-admission-to-a-burn-intensive-care-unit-how-long-does-it-actually-take-a-25-year-retrospective-data-analysis-from-a-german-burn-center
#10
J L Schiefer, A Alischahi, W Perbix, D Grigutsch, I Graeff, M Zinser, E Demir, P C Fuchs, A Schulz
Severe burn injuries often require specialized treatment at a burn center. It is known that prompt admission to an intensive care unit is essential for achieving good outcome. Nevertheless, very little is known about the duration of time before a patient is admitted to a specialized center after a burn injury in Germany, and whether the situation has improved over time. We retrospectively analyzed time from burn injury to admission to the burn intensive care unit in the Cologne-Merheim Medical Center - one of Germany's specialized burn centers - over the last 25 years...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855147/announcement-world-day-of-remembrance-for-road-traffic-victims-november-20-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
In October 2005, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) adopted a resolution calling for governments and nongovernmental organizations to mark the third Sunday in November each year as World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims. World Remembrance Day is dedicated to remembering persons killed or injured in road crashes and their families and communities. The day also pays tribute to the emergency crews, police, and medical professionals who deal with the traumatic aftermath of road deaths and injuries (http://www...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846369/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-bauchi-state-nigeria-results-of-20-local-government-area-level-surveys
#12
Caleb Mpyet, Nasiru Muhammad, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Habila Muazu, Murtala Muhammad Umar, Mohammed Abdull, Joel Alada, Musa Goyol, Uwaezuoke Onyebuchi, Francisca Olamiju, Sunday Isiyaku, Adamani William, Benjamin C Nwobi, Rebecca Willis, Rebecca Mann Flueckiger, Alex Pavluck, Brian K Chu, Nicholas Olobio, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation - follicular (TF) and trichiasis in each of the 20 local government areas (LGAs) of Bauchi State, Nigeria. METHODS: We undertook a population-based prevalence survey in each LGA in Bauchi State, employing the Global Trachoma Mapping Project methodology. We used a 2-stage, systematic and quasi-random sampling strategy. Using probability proportional to size, we selected 25 clusters, in each of which 25 households were selected by random walk...
November 15, 2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845719/electrochemical-aptatoxisensor-responses-on-nanocomposites-containing-electro-deposited-silver-nanoparticles-on-poly-propyleneimine-dendrimer-for-the-detection-of-microcystin-lr-in-freshwater
#13
Mawethu P Bilibana, Avril R Williams, Candice Rassie, Christopher E Sunday, Hlamulo Makelane, Lindsay Wilson, Nomaphelo Ntshongontshi, Abongile N Jijana, Milua Masikini, Priscilla G L Baker, Emmanuel I Iwuoha
A sensitive and reagentless electrochemical aptatoxisensor was developed on cobalt (II) salicylaldiimine metallodendrimer (SDD-Co(II)) doped with electro-synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) for microcystin-LR (L, l-leucine; R, l-arginine), or MC-LR, detection in the nanomolar range. The GCE|SDD-Co(II)|AgNPs aptatoxisensor was fabricated with 5' thiolated aptamer through self-assembly on the modified surface of the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and the electronic response was measured using cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
November 11, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843951/antibacterial-and-antioxidant-properties-of-the-leaves-and-stem-essential-oils-of-jatropha-gossypifolia-l
#14
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriebor, Omobola O Okoh, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Anthony I Okoh
Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the leaves and stem essential oils (EOs) of Jatropha gossypifolia and their efficacies against infectious and oxidative stress diseases were studied in vitro. The EOs obtained using Clevenger modified apparatus were characterized by high resolution GC-MS, while their antioxidant and antibacterial properties were examined by spectrophotometric and agar diffusion techniques, respectively. The EOs exhibited strong antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecium, and Staphylococcus aureus...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843841/temporal-variations-in-suicide-attempt-rates-a-hospital-based-study-from-india
#15
Shivanand Kattimani, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Siddharth Sarkar, V Muthukrishnan
BACKGROUND: Temporal variations of suicide attempts can help to better understand correlates of suicidal behavior. This study attempted to find the diurnal, weekly, and seasonal variations in suicide attempts at a tertiary care hospital in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This record-based study was conducted among patients evaluated at a crisis intervention clinic over a 4-year period at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Southern India. Patients who attempted suicide in recent past and had been medically stabilized were evaluated in this clinic...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835754/automatic-phonological-activation-during-visual-word-recognition-in-bilingual-children-a-cross-language-masked-priming-study-in-grades-3-and-5
#16
Karinne Sauval, Laetitia Perre, Lynne G Duncan, Eva Marinus, Séverine Casalis
Previous masked priming research has shown automatic phonological activation during visual word recognition in monolingual skilled adult readers. Activation also occurs across languages in bilingual adult readers, suggesting that the activation of phonological representations is not language specific. Less is known about developing readers. First, it is unclear whether there is automatic phonological activation during visual word recognition among children in general. Second, no empirical data exist on whether the activation of phonological representations is language specific or not in bilingual children...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832107/the-financial-burden-of-non-communicable-chronic-diseases-in-rural-nigeria-wealth-and-gender-heterogeneity-in-health-care-utilization-and-health-expenditures
#17
Wendy Janssens, Jann Goedecke, Godelieve J de Bree, Sunday A Aderibigbe, Tanimola M Akande, Alice Mesnard
OBJECTIVES: Better insights into health care utilization and out-of-pocket expenditures for non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCD) are needed to develop accessible health care and limit the increasing financial burden of NCCDs in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A household survey was conducted in rural Kwara State, Nigeria, among 5,761 individuals. Data were obtained using biomedical and socio-economic questionnaires. Health care utilization, NCCD-related health expenditures and distances to health care providers were compared by sex and by wealth quintile, and a Heckman regression model was used to estimate health expenditures taking selection bias in health care utilization into account...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830946/seven-day-human-biological-rhythms-an-expedition-in-search-of-their-origin-synchronization-functional-advantage-adaptive-value-and-clinical-relevance
#18
Alain E Reinberg, Laurence Dejardin, Michael H Smolensky, Yvan Touitou
This fact-finding expedition explores the perspectives and knowledge of the origin and functional relevance of the 7 d domain of the biological time structure, with special reference to human beings. These biological rhythms are displayed at various levels of organization in diverse species - from the unicellular sea algae of Acetabularia and Goniaulax to plants, insects, fish, birds and mammals, including man - under natural as well as artificial, i.e. constant, environmental conditions. Nonetheless, very little is known about their derivation, functional advantage, adaptive value, synchronization and potential clinical relevance...
November 10, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825011/sunday-best
#19
Brittany Sprigg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801991/short-to-midterm-effectiveness-of-a-brief-motivational-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-use-and-related-problems-for-alcohol-intoxicated-children-and-adolescents-in-pediatric-emergency-departments-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Nicolas Arnaud, Silke Diestelkamp, Lutz Wartberg, Peter-Michael Sack, Anne Daubmann, Rainer Thomasius
OBJECTIVES: The proportion of children and adolescents receiving emergency care for acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) in Germany has sharply increased over the past years. Despite this, no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have studied guideline- and evidence-based interventions to prevent future alcohol misuse within this population. The objective of our investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief motivational intervention (b-MI) to reduce drinking and associated problems within pediatric emergency departments (PED) in Hamburg, Germany...
November 1, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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