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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521719/virological-suppression-and-patterns-of-resistance-amongst-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-at-4-nigerian-military-hospitals
#1
Keshinro Babajide, Ayemoba Ojor, Terfa Kene, Ake Julie, Crowell Trevor A, Adamu Yakubu, Mohammed Tahir, Okoye Ifeanyi, Odeyemi Sunday, Crawford Keith, Hughes Lindsay, Akintunde Ezekiel, Umar Tahir, Hamm Tiffany E, Njoku Ogbonnaya S
BACKGROUND: In resource-constrained settings, plasma HIV-1 RNA quantification has not been routinely available for the monitoring of response to antiretroviral therapy. This study evaluated virological suppression rates amongst patients on first-line ART in four Nigerian military hospitals. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 325 randomly selected adult clinic clients (≥18 years old) on first-line ART regimens at four Nigerian military hospitals. Plasma HIV-1 RNA was assayed using a Roche COBAS TaqMan48 with High Pure System...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516231/molecular-evolution-of-type-ii-mage-genes-from-ancestral-maged2-gene-and-their-phylogenetic-resolution-of-basal-mammalian-clades
#2
Marcos De Donato, Sunday O Peters, Tanveer Hussain, Hectorina Rodulfo, Bolaji N Thomas, Masroor E Babar, Ikhide G Imumorin
Type II melanoma-associated antigens (MAGE) are a subgroup of about a dozen proteins found in various locations in the genome and expressed in normal tissues, thus are not related to cancer as the type I MAGE genes. This gene family exists as a single copy in non-mammals and monotremata, but found as two copies in metatherians and occur as a diverse group in all eutherians. Our studies suggest MAGED2 as the ancestor of this subfamily and the most likely evolutionary history of eutherian type II MAGE genes is hereby proposed based on synteny conservation, phylogenetic relations, genome location, homology conservation, and the protein and gene structures...
May 17, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514639/warming-induced-changes-to-body-size-stabilize-consumer-resource-dynamics
#3
Matthew M Osmond, Matthew A Barbour, Joey R Bernhardt, Matthew W Pennell, Jennifer M Sunday, Mary I O'Connor
Both body size and temperature directly influence consumer-resource dynamics. There is also widespread empirical evidence for the temperature-size rule (TSR), which creates a negative relationship between temperature and body size. However, it is not known how the TSR affects community dynamics. Here we integrate temperature- and size-dependent models to include indirect effects of warming, through changes in body size, to answer the question, How does the TSR affect the predicted response of consumer-resource systems to warming? We find that the TSR is expected to maintain consumer-resource biomass ratios and buffer the community from extinctions under warming...
June 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512116/weekday-and-survival-after-cardiac-surgery-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort-study-in-106%C3%A2-473-patients
#4
Magnus Dalén, Gustaf Edgren, Torbjörn Ivert, Martin J Holzmann, Ulrik Sartipy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between weekday of surgery and survival following cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a nationwide cohort study, we included all patients who underwent cardiac surgery in 1999-2013 from the SWEDEHEART (Swedish Web-system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies) register. All-cause mortality until March 2014 was obtained from national registers...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507612/pattern-of-injuries-in-fatal-motorcycle-accidents-seen-in-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-an-autopsy-based-study
#5
Francis Faduyile, Festus Emiogun, Sunday Soyemi, Olugbenga Oyewole, Uche Okeke, Oluseun Williams
BACKGROUND: Deaths from motorcycle accident injuries have remained a major public health issue in Nigeria over the years. AIM: The study is to determine the age and gender distribution of the victims and to identify the cause of death and the anatomical pattern of injuries seen. METHODOLOGY: This is a 5-year autopsy-based study of all motorcycle accident deaths seen in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital between December 2009 and November 2014...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499548/mortality-risks-associated-with-emergency-admissions-during-weekends-and-public-holidays-an-analysis-of-electronic-health-records
#6
A Sarah Walker, Amy Mason, T Phuong Quan, Nicola J Fawcett, Peter Watkinson, Martin Llewelyn, Nicole Stoesser, John Finney, Jim Davies, David H Wyllie, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto
BACKGROUND: Weekend hospital admission is associated with increased mortality, but the contributions of varying illness severity and admission time to this weekend effect remain unexplored. METHODS: We analysed unselected emergency admissions to four Oxford University National Health Service hospitals in the UK from Jan 1, 2006, to Dec 31, 2014. The primary outcome was death within 30 days of admission (in or out of hospital), analysed using Cox models measuring time from admission...
May 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497412/improved-mortality-outcomes-over-time-for-weekend-emergency-medical-admissions
#7
R Conway, S Cournane, D Byrne, D O'Riordan, B Silke
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have suggested an association between weekend hospital admissions and mortality. These have been limited by potential residual confounders and a lack of explanation of causation. AIM: We previously attributed adverse weekend outcomes to higher acuity; we have re-examined this question for all emergency medical admissions to our institution from 2002 to 2014. METHODS: We divided admissions by a weekday or weekend (Friday to Sunday) hospital arrival...
May 11, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478963/shoulder-and-elbow-pain-in-elementary-school-baseball-players-the%C3%A2-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey-in-japan
#8
Kenji Takagishi, Tetsuya Matsuura, Takashi Masatomi, Etsuo Chosa, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Mikihiko Watanabe, Tetsu Iwama, Toshiro Otani, Katsunori Inagaki, Hiroyasu Ikegami, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Ko Kato, Toru Okuwaki, Koichi Sairyo, Yasushi Kameyama, Akira Maeda, Moroe Beppu
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations on how to prevent baseball injuries in youths by the Japanese Society of Clinical Sports Medicine, shoulder and elbow pain still frequently occurs in young baseball players. We conducted a questionnaire survey among baseball players at elementary schools across the country to understand the practice conditions of players, examining the risk factors of shoulder and elbow pain in baseball players. METHODS: The questionnaire survey was conducted among elementary school baseball players as members of the Baseball Federation of Japan in September 2015...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476362/editorial-commentary-core-muscle-injuries-or-athletic-pubalgia-finally-the-real-sausage-not-just-the-same-ole-baloney
#9
EDITORIAL
William C Meyers
In their paper "Prevalence of Surgical Repair for Athletic Pubalgia and Impact on Performance in Football Athletes Participating in the National Football League Combine," Knapik et al. cut through the baloney in the literature on "sports hernia" and apply new eyes to the impact of the results of core muscle surgery on young elite athletes trying out for the National Football League (NFL). They found that the players who had surgery did just as well as all the others in and following NFL Combines. Even the players with presumptively residual, MRI findings did well...
May 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466728/mental-health-nurse-says-teenager-s-haunting-story-inspired-her-bestseller
#10
(no author information available yet)
A nurse-turned-novelist has become a Sunday Times top 10 bestselling author.
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460263/pressure-mapping-to-prevent-pressure-ulcers-in-a-hospital-setting-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Lena Gunningberg, Inga-Maj Sedin, Sara Andersson, Ronnie Pingel
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers cause suffering to patients and costs to society. Reducing pressure at the interface between the patient's body and the support surface is a valid clinical intervention for reducing the risk of pressure ulcers. However, studies have shown that knowledge of how to reduce pressure and shear and to prevent pressure ulcers is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a pressure mapping system on pressure ulcer prevalence and incidence in a hospital setting...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#12
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446831/antinociceptive-and-antioxidant-activities-of-the-methanolic-extract-of-telfairia-occidentalis-seeds
#13
Olukemi Adetutu Osukoya, Daniel Adegbenro, Sunday A Onikanni, Oluwafemi A Ojo, Amos Onasanya
CONTEXT: The seeds of Telfairia occidentalis have been known to possess different biological properties and are used in traditional medicine in Africa and Asia to treat many ailments. The plant is particularly noted traditionally for its healing properties and is usually consumed in the form of herbal decoctions/concoctions as a blood tonic, to treat sudden attacks of convulsions, pain, malaria and anaemia. AIMS: In the present study, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies were done on the methanolic extract of the seeds of Telfairia occidentalis to evaluate its antioxidant and antinociceptive properties to substantiate its traditional use...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443441/well-being-is-every-nurse-s-top-priority-unless-it-s-our-own
#14
Jane Bates
The recent survey by Nursing Standard and the Sunday Mirror painted a depressing picture of working in today's NHS.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424028/church-based-recruitment-to-reach-korean-immigrants-an-integrative-review
#15
Chorong Park, Myoungock Jang, Soohyun Nam, Margaret Grey, Robin Whittemore
Although the Korean church has been frequently used to recruit Korean immigrants in research, little is known about the specific strategies and process. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe recruitment strategies in studies of Korean immigrants and to identify the process of Korean church-based recruitment. Thirty-three studies met inclusion criteria. Four stages of church-based recruitment were identified: initiation, endorsement, advertisement, and implementation. This review identified aspects of the church-based recruitment process in Korean immigrants, which are different from the Black and Hispanic literature, due to their hierarchical culture and language barriers...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410498/smartstart-results-of-a-large-point-of-entry-study-into-preloading-alcohol-and-associated-behaviours
#16
Grant J Devilly, Corey Allen, Kathleen Brown
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend of preloading with alcohol before entering entertainment districts. It is claimed that this occurs to save money and that preloading may be a good indicator of harmful drinking and risk taking behaviours more generally. No study has collected data from a large sample as the participants entered entertainment districts and measured blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels and self-reported drinking and risk taking behaviours in a systematic way. METHODS: In this research, police and academics worked together to gauge the breadth and depth of preloading behaviours...
May 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410471/toxicity-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-to-chlorella-vulgaris-beyerinck-beijerinck-1890-trebouxiophyceae-chlorophyta-under-changing-nitrogen-conditions
#17
Suleiman Dauda, Mathias Ahii Chia, Sunday Paul Bako
The broad application of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (n-TiO2) in many consumer products has resulted in the release of substantial quantities into aquatic systems. While n-TiO2 have been shown to induce some unexpected toxic effects on aquatic organisms such as microalgae, the influence of changing nutrient conditions on the toxicity of the metal has not been investigated. We evaluated the toxicity of n-TiO2 to Chlorella vulgaris under varying nitrogen conditions. Limited nitrogen (2.2μM) decreased growth and biomass (dry weight and pigment content), while lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde content), glutathione S-transferase activity (GST) and peroxidase (POD) activity were increased...
June 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409006/analysis-of-weekend-effect-on-30-day-mortality-among-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Rebecca Noad, Michael Stevenson, Niall A Herity
OBJECTIVES: Several publications have demonstrated increased 30-day mortality in patients admitted on Saturdays or Sundays compared with weekdays. We sought to determine whether this was true for two different cohorts of patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-day mortality data were obtained for 3757 patients who had been admitted to the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust with acute MI between 2009 and 2015. They were subdivided into those presenting with ST elevation MI (n=2240) and non-ST elevation MI (n= 1517)...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407443/the-effect-of-training-on-noise-reduction-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#19
Mujde Calikusu Incekar, Serap Balci
PURPOSE: Noise, an environmental stimulus, is especially important in the neurobehavioral development of newborns and brain development of infants at high risk. Conditions in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may cause certain sensory stimuli that are not appropriate for the development of newborns, especially preterm infants. This study was conducted in order to determine noise levels in the NICU and to evaluate the effect of training provided for noise control. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a pretest-posttest quasiexperimental design between September and November 2014 in a 30-bed NICU of a tertiary hospital in Istanbul...
April 13, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402420/the-effect-of-health-insurance-and-health-facility-upgrades-on-hospital-deliveries-in-rural-nigeria-a-controlled-interrupted-time-series-study
#20
Daniëlla Brals, Sunday A Aderibigbe, Ferdinand W Wit, Johannes C M van Ophem, Marijn van der List, Gordon K Osagbemi, Marleen E Hendriks, Tanimola M Akande, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Constance Schultsz
Background : Access to quality obstetric care is considered essential to reducing maternal and new-born mortality. We evaluated the effect of the introduction of a multifaceted voluntary health insurance programme on hospital deliveries in rural Nigeria. Methods : We used an interrupted time-series design, including a control group. The intervention consisted of providing voluntary health insurance covering primary and secondary healthcare, including antenatal and obstetric care, combined with improving the quality of healthcare facilities...
April 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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