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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157047/neurological-development-of-children-born-to-mothers-after-kidney-transplantation
#1
Joanna Schreiber-Zamora, Szpotańska-Sikorska Monika, Agnieszka Drozdowska-Szymczak, Natalia Czaplińska, Bronisława Pietrzak, Mirosław Wielgos, Bożena Kociszewska-Najman
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies after kidney transplantation are at high risk of complications such as preterm birth and foetal growth restriction. Until now, the impact of these factors on neurological development of children born to transplant mothers has not been established. AIMS: A comparison of neurological examinations performed in 36 children of kidney transplant women (study group) and 36 children born to healthy mothers (control group). The children from both groups were born at a similar gestational age and in the similar time period from 12/1996 to 09/2012...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123487/hypertrophy-stimulation-at-the-onset-of-type-i-diabetes-maintains-the-soleus-but-not-the-edl-muscle-mass-in-wistar-rats
#2
Marco A S Fortes, Maria V M Scervino, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Kaio F Vitzel, Carlos H da Justa Pinheiro, Rui Curi
Diabetes mellitus induces a reduction in skeletal muscle mass and strength. Strength training is prescribed as part of treatment since it improves glycemic control and promotes increase of skeletal muscle mass. The mechanisms involved in overload-induced muscle hypertrophy elicited at the establishment of the type I diabetic state was investigated in Wistar rats. The purpose was to examine whether the overload-induced hypertrophy can counteract the hypotrophy associated to the diabetic state. The experiments were performed in oxidative (soleus) or glycolytic (EDL) muscles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109381/epileptogenic-brain-malformations-and-mutations-in-tubulin-genes-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Annalisa Mencarelli, Paolo Prontera, Gabriela Stangoni, Elisabetta Mencaroni, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Malformations of the cerebral cortex are an important cause of developmental disabilities and epilepsy. Neurological disorders caused by abnormal neuronal migration have been observed to occur with mutations in tubulin genes. The α- and β-tubulin genes encode cytoskeletal proteins, which play a role in the developing brain. TUBA1A mutations are associated with a wide spectrum of neurological problems, which are characterized by peculiar clinical details and neuroradiologic patterns. This manuscript describes the case of a nine-year-old girl with microcephaly, mild facial dysmorphisms, epileptic seizures, and severe developmental delay, with a de novo heterozygous c...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099099/skeletal-muscle-from-birth-to-old-age-routes-to-mechanical-and-metabolic-failure
#4
Sofía Gitler, Ibrahim Rámirez, Ricardo Ramírez, Joel Medina, Pavel Vázquez, Alicia Ortega
Skeletal muscle (SM) is the most abundant tissue and the largest reservoir of protein in the body. It transports glucose in an insulin dependent manner by the glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) and contributes in the maintenance of serum amino acids concentration. By its mass and energetic requirements, it is fundamental for the systemic metabolic balance. In the present work, we present the effect of gestational undernourishment (GU) on the mechanical and metabolic properties of SM at birth and in old age in an animal model...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021400/human-parvovirus-infection-of-human-airway-epithelia-induces-pyroptotic-cell-death-via-inhibiting-apoptosis
#5
Xuefeng Deng, Wei Zou, Min Xiong, Zekun Wang, John F Engelhardt, Shui Qing Ye, Ziying Yan, Jianming Qiu
Human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1) is a human parvovirus that causes acute respiratory tract infections in young children. In this study, we confirmed that, when polarized/well-differentiated human airway epithelia are infected with HBoV1 in vitro, they develop damage characterized by barrier function disruption and cell hypotrophy. Cell death mechanism analyses indicated that the infection induced pyroptotic cell death characterized by caspase-1 activation. Unlike infections with other parvoviruses, HBoV1 infection did not activate the apoptotic or necroptotic cell death pathway...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986396/ace-modulated-adiposity-is-related-to-higher-energy-expenditure-and-independent-of-lipolysis-and-glucose-incorporation-into-lipids-in-adipocytes
#6
Miriam Helena Fonseca-Alaniz, Talita Sayuri Higa, Tarcila Beatriz Ferraz-de-Campos, Julie Takada, Francisco L Torres-Leal, Fabiana Sant'Anna Evangelista, Fabio B Lima, José Eduardo Krieger
Emerging evidence suggests that both systemic and white adipose tissue (WAT)-renin-angiotensin system components influence body weight control. We previously demonstrated that higher angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene expression is associated with lower body adiposity in a rodent model. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a higher ACE gene dosage reduces fat accumulation by increasing energy expenditure and modulating lipolysis and glucose incorporation into lipids in adipocytes. After a 12-week follow-up period, transgenic mice harboring 3 ACE (3ACE) gene copies, displayed diminished WAT mass, lipid content in their carcasses, adipocyte hypotrophy, and higher resting oxygen uptake (VO2) in comparison with animals with 1 ACE gene copy (1ACE) after long fasting (12-hour)...
October 6, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974734/knockout-of-the-epilepsy-gene-depdc5-in-mice-causes-severe-embryonic-dysmorphology-with-hyperactivity-of-mtorc1-signalling
#7
James Hughes, Ruby Dawson, Melinda Tea, Dale McAninch, Sandra Piltz, Dominique Jackson, Laura Stewart, Michael G Ricos, Leanne M Dibbens, Natasha L Harvey, Paul Thomas
DEPDC5 mutations have recently been shown to cause epilepsy in humans. Evidence from in vitro studies has implicated DEPDC5 as a negative regulator of mTORC1 during amino acid insufficiency as part of the GATOR1 complex. To investigate the role of DEPDC5 in vivo we generated a null mouse model using targeted CRISPR mutagenesis. Depdc5 homozygotes display severe phenotypic defects between 12.5-15.5 dpc, including hypotrophy, anaemia, oedema, and cranial dysmorphology as well as blood and lymphatic vascular defects...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970945/intermittent-fasting-could-ameliorate-cognitive-function-against-distress-by-regulation-of-inflammatory-response-pathway
#8
Marjan Shojaie, Farzane Ghanbari, Nasrin Shojaie
Undesirable and desirable effects of stressors on the body are assigned to distress and eustress, respectively. Immune system and brain are the most susceptible parts to stressful conditions, whereas long-lasting alterations in putative immune proteins involved in tension such as corticosterone (CORT), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) can impact learning and memory. Intermittent fasting (IF) is a repeated regular cycle of dietary restriction with well-known beneficial properties on the body...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967429/the-effects-of-knee-immobilization-on-marrow-adipocyte-hyperplasia-and-hypertrophy-at-the-proximal-rat-tibia-epiphysis
#9
Guy Trudel, Hans K Uhthoff, Sanjay Solanki, Odette Laneuville
Marrow adipose deposition is observed during aging and in association with extended periods of immobility. The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia to bone marrow fat deposition induced by immobilization of the rat knee joint for 2, 4, 16 or 32 weeks. Histomorphometric analyses compared immobilized to sham-operated proximal tibia from age and gender matched rats to assess the contribution of aging and duration of immobilization on the number and size of marrow adipocytes...
September 26, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937235/heart-rate-variability-in-newborns
#10
K Javorka, Z Lehotska, M Kozar, Z Uhrikova, B Kolarovszki, M Javorka, M Zibolen
Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in newborns is influenced by genetic determinants, gestational and postnatal age, and other variables. Premature infants have a reduced HRV. In neonatal HRV evaluated by spectral analysis, a dominant activity can be found in low frequency (LF) band (combined parasympathetic and sympathetic component). During the first postnatal days the activity in the high frequency (HF) band (parasympathetic component) rises, together with an increase in LF band and total HRV...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861292/update-on-the-novel-management-and-future-paternity-situation-in-adolescents-with-varicocele
#11
REVIEW
Selahittin Çayan, Murat Bozlu, Erdem Akbay
Varicocele is a progressive disease, and the incidence of varicocele and varicocele related testicular hypotrophy increases with puberty. This review updates novel management and future paternity potential in adolescents with varicocele. Main goal of treatment of the adolescent varicoceles is preservation of fertility. Current recommendations for adolescent varicocele repair are testicular hypotrophy (>2 mL or >20%) on the affected side and/or impaired spermatogenesis in the post-pubertal period. The best treatment modality for adolescent varicocele should include elimination of the varicocele with lower complication rates...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756311/neurogenesis-impairment-an-early-developmental-defect-in-down-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Fiorenza Stagni, Andrea Giacomini, Marco Emili, Sandra Guidi, Renata Bartesaghi
Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by brain hypotrophy and intellectual disability starting from early life stages. Accumulating evidence shows that the phenotypic features of the DS brain can be traced back to the fetal period since the DS brain exhibits proliferation potency reduction starting from the critical time window of fetal neurogenesis. This defect is worsened by the fact that neural progenitor cells exhibit reduced acquisition of a neuronal phenotype and an increase in the acquisition of an astrocytic phenotype...
July 26, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744779/congenital-fiber-type-disproportion-in-an-ambulatory-rehabilitation-setting-a%C3%A2-case-report
#13
Stefano Palma, Mohammad Keilani, Tim Hasenoehrl, Clemens Ambrozy, Sara Dana, Thomas Sycha, Richard Crevenna
Congenital fiber-type disproportion is a rare condition, histologically characterized by a relative type 1 fiber hypotrophy. The main clinical feature is mild-to-severe muscle weakness. In this report, we present the case of a 21-year-old patient with congenital fiber-type disproportion in an outpatient rehabilitative setting to evaluate the feasibility and results of an assessment battery, including bioimpedance analysis (BIA), dynamometry, 3D gait analysis, 6‑min walk test (6MWT), and the timed up and go test (TUG)...
July 25, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723717/localized-muscle-vibration-reverses-quadriceps-muscle-hypotrophy-and-improves-physical-function-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#14
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Gennaro Boccia, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Elena Magnani, Elisabetta Mariani, Alberto Rainoldi, Roberto Casale
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (b) to disentangle, by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), the underlying mechanism. Thirty patients, aged between 40 and 65 years, and clinically diagnosed with knee OA were included in this randomized, controlled, single-blinded pilot study...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717535/evaluation-of-testicular-catch-up-growth-in-adolescent-microsurgical-varicocelectomy
#15
Fevzi Bedir, Ercüment Keskin, Mehmet Karabakan, İbrahim Karabulut, Fatih Kürşat Yılmazel, Ertuğrul Gazi Özbey, Yılmaz Aksoy, İsa Özbey
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of varicocele is approximately 15% in adolecent men. Early treatment with varicocele is aimed to resolve testicular hypotrophy and ensure catch-up growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate ipsilateral catch-up growth rates relative to contralateral testicular growth in adolescents with varicocele undergoing microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty adolescents with unilateral grade 2-3 varicoceles were included in the study...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702976/a-new-hyaluronic-acid-polymer-in-the-augmentation-and-restoration-of-labia-majora
#16
N Zerbinati, R G Haddad, A Bader, R Rauso, E D'Este, G Cipolla, A Calligaro, P Gonzalez, S Salvatore, D Serafin
Aesthetic surgery of female external genitalia has gained increasing popularity over the past decade, with reduction of the labia minora (labiaplasty) being the procedure most commonly requested and performed. Female external genitalia lose elasticity and volume with age, but few studies describe the techniques for labia majora augmentation. Currently, very few studies have investigated the effectiveness and safety of labia majora augmentation with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of labia majora augmentation with hyaluronic acid filler injection...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672130/exposures-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-ozone-above-usa-standards-are-associated-with-auditory-brainstem-dysmorphology-and-abnormal-auditory-brainstem-evoked-potentials-in-healthy-young-dogs
#17
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Luis O González-González, Randy J Kulesza, Tatiana M Fech, Gabriela Pérez-Guillé, Miguel Angel Jiménez-Bravo Luna, Rosa Eugenia Soriano-Rosales, Edelmira Solorio, José de Jesús Miramontes-Higuera, Aline Gómez-Maqueo Chew, Alexia F Bernal-Morúa, Partha S Mukherjee, Ricardo Torres-Jardón, Paul C Mills, Wayne J Wilson, Beatriz Pérez-Guillé, Amedeo D'Angiulli
BACKGROUND: Delayed central conduction times in the auditory brainstem have been observed in Mexico City (MC) healthy children exposed to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) above the current United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) standards. MC children have α synuclein brainstem accumulation and medial superior olivary complex (MSO) dysmorphology. The present study used a dog model to investigate the potential effects of air pollution on the function and morphology of the auditory brainstem...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643102/post-operative-rotator-cuff-integrity-based-on-sugaya-s-classification-can-reflect-abduction-muscle-strength-of-the-shoulder
#18
Masahito Yoshida, Phillipe Collin, Thierry Josseaume, Alexandre Lädermann, Hideyuki Goto, Katumasa Sugimoto, Takanobu Otsuka
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is common in structural and qualitative assessment of the rotator cuff post-operatively. Rotator cuff integrity has been thought to be associated with clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reliability of cuff integrity (Sugaya's classification) and assess the correlation between Sugaya's classification and the clinical outcome. It was hypothesized that Sugaya's classification would show good reliability and good correlation with the clinical outcome...
June 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630397/fetal-hypotrophy-is-an-important-marker-in-diagnosis-of-preeclampsia-in-pregnant-patients-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#19
Anna Cyganek, Bronisława Pietrzak, Filip A Dąbrowski, Zoulikha Jabiry-Zieniewicz, Marcin Chlebus, Mirosław Wielgos, Barbara Grzechocińska
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to define the importance of fetal growth disturbances in pregnant patients after renal or liver transplantation in diagnosis and treatment of preeclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHODS We assessed 108 pregnancies in patients with renal or liver transplants. Statistical analysis included Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS In the renal transplant (RTR) group, preeclampsia was diagnosed in 40% according to ISSHP. In the liver transplant (LTR) group, ISSHP guidelines allow this diagnose in 14...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569579/hypotrophy-versus-hypertrophy-it-s-not-black-or-white-with-gray-matter
#20
Ivana Rosenzweig, Mary J Morrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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