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intrauterine growth retardation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145277/tricho-hepato-enteric-syndrome-with-novel-skiv2l-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#1
Eitaro Hiejima, Takahiro Yasumi, Hiroshi Nakase, Minoru Matsuura, Yusuke Honzawa, Hirokazu Higuchi, Ikuo Okafuji, Tohru Yorifuji, Takayuki Tanaka, Kazushi Izawa, Tomoki Kawai, Ryuta Nishikomori, Toshio Heike
RATIONALE: Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THES) is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the TTC37 or SKIV2L genes and characterized by chronic diarrhea, liver disease, hair abnormalities, and high mortality in early childhood due to severe infection or liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient is the second child of three siblings born to non-consanguineous healthy Japanese parents. She had intrauterine growth retardation and was delivered at 33 weeks of gestation due to placental abruption...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142765/duplication-of-19p13-3-in-11-year-old-male-patient-with-dysmorphic-features-and-intellectual-disability-a-review
#2
Irina Novikova, Paushpala Sen, Ann Manzardo, Merlin G Butler
We present a clinical report of an 11-year-old male patient with an interstitial duplication of 19p13.3 (829 kb in size) at genomic coordinates 3,804,495-4,033,722 bp (hg19) identified by chromosomal microarray analysis and review the literature from nine published reports adding knowledge regarding this chromosomal anomaly and clinical outcomes. The size of the duplication ranged from 0.83 to 8.9 Mb in the nine individuals. The young boy in our report was dysmorphic with microcephaly, abnormal craniofacial features, intellectual disability, aggression, and a heart murmur...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142763/array-characterization-of-prenatally-diagnosed-15q26-microdeletion-and-2q37-1-duplication-report-of-a-new-case-with-multicystic-kidneys-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Molka Kammoun, Wafa Slimani, Hanene Hannachi, Mohamed Bibi, Ali Saad, Soumaya Mougou-Zerelli
We report on a molecular cytogenetic characterization of 15q26 deletion and 2q37.1 duplication in a fetus presenting with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), diaphragmatic hernia, multicystic kidneys, left kidney pyelectasis, and clubfeet. A terminal 15q26 deletion and a terminal 2q duplication of at least 10 and 9 Mb, respectively, derived from a maternal translocation, were found. The 15q26 deletion represents a contiguous gene deletion syndrome mainly characterized by IUGR, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and less frequently kidney defects...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142173/effect-of-dibutyltin-on-placental-and-fetal-toxicity-in-rat
#4
Satoshi Furukawa, Naho Tsuji, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Yoshikazu Yamagishi, Seigo Hayashi, Masayoshi Abe, Yusuke Kuroda, Masayuki Kimura, Chisato Hayakawa, Akihiko Sugiyama
In order to elucidate the effect of chorioallantoic and yolk sac placenta on the embryonic/fetal toxicity in dibutyltin dichloride (DBTCl)-exposed rats, we examined the histopathological changes and the tissue distribution of dibutyltin in the placentas and embryos. DBTCl was orally administered to the groups at doses of 0 mg/kg during gestation days (GD)s 7-9 (control group) and 20 mg/kg during GDs 7-9 (GD7-9 treated group), and GDs 10-12 (GD10-12 treated group). The total fetal mortality was increased, and malformations characterized by craniofacial dysmorphism were detected in the GD7-9 treated group...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138679/modulatory-mechanism-of-polyphenols-and-nrf2-signaling-pathway-in-lps-challenged-pregnancy-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Tarique Hussain, Bie Tan, Gang Liu, Ghulam Murtaza, Najma Rahu, Muhammad Saleem, Yulong Yin
Early embryonic loss and adverse birth outcomes are the major reproductive disorders that affect both human and animals. The LPS induces inflammation by interacting with robust cellular mechanism which was considered as a plethora of numerous reproductive disorders such as fetal resorption, preterm birth, teratogenicity, intrauterine growth restriction, abortion, neural tube defects, fetal demise, and skeletal development retardation. LPS-triggered overproduction of free radicals leads to oxidative stress which mediates inflammation via stimulation of NF-κB and PPARγ transcription factors...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128521/prenatal-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Yan Wang, Li Cao, Dong Liang, Lulu Meng, Yun Wu, Fengchang Qiao, Xiuqing Ji, Chunyu Luo, Jingjing Zhang, Tianhui Xu, Bin Yu, Leilei Wang, Ting Wang, Qiong Pan, Dingyuan Ma, Ping Hu, Zhengfeng Xu
BACKGROUD: Currently, chromosomal microarray analysis is considered as the first-tier test in pediatric care and prenatal diagnosis. However, the diagnostic yield of CMA for prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease has not been evaluated based on a large cohort. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the clinical utility of chromosomal microarray as the first-tier test for chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with congenital heart disease. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study, 602 prenatal cases of congenital heart disease were investigated using SNP array over a 5-year period...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094891/fetal-alcohol-syndrome-and-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#7
LeeAnne Denny, Sarah Coles, Robin Blitz
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. FAS is commonly missed or misdiagnosed, preventing affected children from receiving needed services in a timely fashion. Diagnosis is based on the presence of the following clinical features, all of which must be present: prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphology, central nervous system dysfunction, and neurobehavioral disabilities...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073889/intra-versus-retroplacental-hematomas-a-retrospective-case-control-study-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#8
Johannes Ott, Philipp Pecnik, Regina Promberger, Sophie Pils, Julia Binder, Kinga M Chalubinski
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine hematomas are a common pregnancy complication. The literature lacks studies about outcomes based on hematoma localization. Thus, we aimed to compare pregnancies complicated by an intraplacental hematoma to cases with a retroplacental hematoma and to a control group. METHODS: In a retrospective case-control study, 32 women with an intraplacental hematoma, 199 women with a retroplacental hematoma, and a control group consisting of 113 age-matched women with no signs of placental abnormalities were included...
October 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072695/glucocorticoid-mediates-prenatal-caffeine-exposure-induced-endochondral-ossification-retardation-and-its-molecular-mechanism-in-female-fetal-rats
#9
Yangfan Shangguan, Hongqiang Jiang, Zhengqi Pan, Hao Xiao, Yang Tan, Kai Tie, Jun Qin, Yu Deng, Liaobin Chen, Hui Wang
Our previous studies discovered that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) could induce intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and long-bone dysplasia in offspring rats, accompanied by maternal glucocorticoid over-exposure. This study is to explore whether intrauterine high glucocorticoid level can cause endochondral ossification retardation and clarify its molecular mechanism in PCE fetal rats. Pregnant Wistar rats were intragastrically administered 30 and 120 mg/kg day of caffeine during gestational days (GDs) 9-20, then collected fetal serum and femurs at GD20...
October 26, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064795/the-impact-of-emergent-infections-on-the-fetal-state
#10
Liudmyla A Vygivska, Iryna O Tuchkina, Violetta B Kalnytska
THE AIM: To study the impact of emergent infections (human herpesvirus type 6) on the fetal state. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved examination of 90 pregnant women in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of gestation (Group 1 (25 pregnant) consisted of patients with a viral infection, CMV carriers, Group 2 (25 pregnant) included women with a viral infection, herpes simplex virus types 1/2, Group 3 amounted for 20 patients with a viral infection, herpes simplex virus type 6, Group 4 comprised 20 patients with normal pregnancy and no signs of infection...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062003/maternal-glucocorticoid-elevation-and-associated-fetal-thymocyte-apoptosis-are-involved-in-immune-disorders-of-prenatal-caffeine-exposed-offspring-mice
#11
Han-Xiao Liu, Ting Chen, Xiao Wen, Wen Qu, Sha Liu, Hui-Yi Yan, Li-Fang Hou, Jie Ping
Our previous study showed that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) could induce intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and glucocorticoid elevation in the fetus. Researchers suggested that IUGR is a risk factor for T helper cell (Th)1/Th2 deviation. However, whether PCE can induce these immune disorders and the underlying mechanisms of that induction remain unknown. This study aimed to observe the effects of PCE on the Th1/Th2 balance in offspring and further explore the developmental origin mechanisms from the perspective of glucocorticoid overexposure-induced thymocyte apoptosis...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061174/de-novo-chromosome-7q36-1q36-2-triplication-in-a-child-with-developmental-delay-growth-failure-distinctive-facial-features-and-multiple-congenital-anomalies-a-case-report
#12
Muna A Al Dhaibani, Diane Allingham-Hawkins, Ayman W El-Hattab
BACKGROUND: Studying human genome using chromosomal microarrays has significantly improved the accuracy and yield of diagnosing genomic disorders. Chromosome 7q36 deletions and duplications are rare genomic disorders that have been reported in a limited number of children with developmental delay, growth retardation, and congenital malformation. Altered dosage of SHH and HLXB9, both located in 7q36.3, is believed to play roles in the phenotypes associated with these rearrangements. In this report we describe a child with 7q36...
October 23, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055810/prenatal-caffeine-ingestion-increases-susceptibility-to-pulmonary-inflammation-in-adult-female-rat-offspring
#13
Han-Xiao Liu, Li-Fang Hou, Ting Chen, Wen Qu, Sha Liu, Hui-Yi Yan, Xiao Wen, Jie Ping
This study aimed to investigate the association between prenatal caffeine ingestion (PCI) and risk of postnatal pulmonary inflammation. Pregnant Wistar rats were administered 60mg/kg/d caffeine intragastrically from gestational day (GD) 7 to GD 20. The results showed that PCI obviously increased intrauterine growth retardation rate to 39.2% and suppressed weight growth of the offspring. PCI also enhanced the expression of transforming growth factor β, α-smooth muscle actin, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-8 in lungs and caused pulmonary interstitial thickening in the offspring...
October 18, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046733/mosaic-genome-wide-maternal-isodiploidy-an-extreme-form-of-imprinting-disorder-presenting-as-prenatal-diagnostic-challenge
#14
Susanne Bens, Manuel Luedeke, Tanja Richter, Melanie Graf, Julia Kolarova, Gotthold Barbi, Krisztian Lato, Thomas F Barth, Reiner Siebert
BACKGROUND: Uniparental disomy of certain chromosomes are associated with a group of well-known genetic syndromes referred to as imprinting disorders. However, the extreme form of uniparental disomy affecting the whole genome is usually not compatible with life, with the exception of very rare cases of patients with mosaic genome-wide uniparental disomy reported in the literature. RESULTS: We here report on a fetus with intrauterine growth retardation and malformations observed on prenatal ultrasound leading to invasive prenatal testing...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029247/plasmodium-falciparum-infection-early-in-pregnancy-has-profound-consequences-for-foetal-growth
#15
Christentze Schmiegelow, Sungwa Matondo, Daniel T R Minja, Mafalda Resende, Caroline Pehrson, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Raimos Olomi, Morten A Nielsen, Philippe Deloron, Ali Salanti, John Lusingu, Thor G Theander
Malaria during pregnancy constitutes a large health problem in endemic areas. WHO recommends that interventions are initiated at the first antenatal visit, and these improve pregnancy outcomes. This study evaluated foetal growth by ultrasound and birth outcomes in women who were infected prior to the first antenatal visit (gestational age, GA<120 days) and not later in pregnancy. Compared to uninfected controls, women with early P. falciparum exposure had retarded intrauterine growth between a GA of 212 and 253 days (mean weight gain reduction: 107g [26;188], P=0...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993880/effects-of-prenatal-caffeine-exposure-on-glucose-homeostasis-of-adult-offspring-rats
#16
Hao Kou, Gui-Hua Wang, Lin-Guo Pei, Li Zhang, Chai Shi, Yu Guo, Dong-Fang Wu, Hui Wang
Epidemiological evidences show that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) could induce intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). The IUGR offspring also present glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus after maturity. We have previously demonstrated that PCE induced IUGR and increased susceptibility to adult metabolic syndrome in rats. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of PCE on glucose homeostasis in adult offspring rats. Pregnant rats were administered caffeine (120 mg/kg/day, intragastrically) from gestational days 11 to 20...
October 9, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981940/-prenatal-genetic-analysis-of-a-fetus-with-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-and-edward-syndrome
#17
Xueping Shen, Pingya He, Rong Fang, Juan Yao, Wenwen Li
OBJECTIVE: To screen for genomic copy number variants (CNVs) in a fetus with cardiac abnormalities and intrauterine growth retardation through single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) and karyotyping analysis. METHODS: The fetus and its parents were subjected to conventional G banding and SNP-array analysis. The results were confirmed with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). RESULTS: G-banding analysis showed that the fetus has a karyotype of 47,XX,+mar...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981462/gh-igf-1-signaling-and-current-knowledge-of-epigenetics-a-review-and-considerations-on-possible-therapeutic-options
#18
REVIEW
Francisco Álvarez-Nava, Roberto Lanes
Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the regulation of the Growth Hormone- Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis and in processes for controlling long bone growth, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Improvement of methodologies that allow for the assessment of epigenetic regulation have contributed enormously to the understanding of GH action, but many questions still remain to be clarified. The reversible nature of epigenetic factors and, particularly, their role as mediators between the genome and the environment, make them viable therapeutic target candidates...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974131/assessment-of-human-placental-perfusion-by-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-mr-imaging
#19
Nathalie Siauve, Pierre Humbert Hayot, Benjamin Deloison, Gihad E Chalouhi, Marianne Alison, Daniel Balvay, Laurence Bussières, Olivier Clément, Laurent J Salomon
PURPOSE: To provide functional information on the human placenta, including perfusion, and diffusion, with no contrast agent injection, and to study correlations between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) placental parameters and fetal growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI was performed in women undergoing legal termination of pregnancy at 17-34 weeks, including a 4-b-value and 11-b-value DW sequences. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), the restricted diffusion coefficient (D), the pseudoperfusion coefficient (D*), and the perfusion fraction (f) were calculated...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936696/effects-of-dietary-l-methionine-supplementation-on-intestinal-integrity-and-oxidative-status-in-intrauterine-growth-retarded-weanling-piglets
#20
Weipeng Su, Hao Zhang, Zhixiong Ying, Yue Li, Le Zhou, Fei Wang, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
PURPOSE: The present study investigated whether dietary methionine supplementation might protect against intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)-induced damage in the intestine of piglets. METHODS: Thirty normal birth weight (NBW) female piglets and sixty same-sex IUGR piglets were weaned at 21 days of postnatal age and fed the control diet (4.0 g methionine per kg of feed, NBW-CON, and IUGR-CON groups) or the methionine-supplemented diet (5.2 g methionine per kg of feed, IUGR-MET group) for 28 days (n = 6)...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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