keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Protein exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329109/impact-of-early-fontan-completion-on-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-functional-single-ventricle%C3%A2
#1
Masamichi Ono, Melchior Burri, Julie Cleuziou, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Elisabeth Beran, Martina Strbad, Alfred Hager, Jürgen Hörer, Christian Schreiber, Rüdiger Lange
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate whether early timing of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) affects postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Of 460 consecutive TCPC patients, 51 (11.1%) underwent TCPC ≤ 18 months of age (group A), and 409 patients >18 months of age (group B). We compared the clinical outcomes and exercise capacity between groups. RESULTS: Median age at TCPC was 1.4 (interquartile ranges: 1.3-1.5) years in group A and 2...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326616/high-prevalence-of-sensitization-to-gibberellin-regulated-protein-peamaclein-in-fruit-allergies-with-negative-immunoglobulin-e-reactivity-to-bet-v-1-homologs-and-profilin-clinical-pattern-causative-fruits-and-cofactor-effect-of-gibberellin-regulated-protein
#2
Naoko Inomata, Mami Miyakawa, Michiko Aihara
Gibberellin-regulated protein (GRP) is a new allergen in peach allergy, with an amino acid sequence very well conserved through several botanical species. We investigated the allergenicity of GRP in fruit allergies other than peaches and identified the clinical characteristics of fruit allergy patients with GRP sensitization. One hundred consecutive Japanese patients with fruit allergies were enrolled in the present study. To identify the features of GRP sensitization, we selected patients with negative ImmunoCAP results for Bet v 1 homologs and profilin, which are marker allergens for pollen-food allergy syndrome (PFAS), or lipid transfer protein...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326005/bioactivity-of-food-peptides-biological-response-of-rats-to-bovine-milk-whey-peptides-following-acute-exercise
#3
Carolina Soares Moura, Pablo Christiano Barboza Lollo, Priscila Neder Morato, Eder Muller Risso, Jaime Amaya-Farfan
Background: Several physiologically beneficial effects of consuming a whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) have been attributed to the greater availability of bioactive peptides. Aims: The aim was to investigate the effect of four branched-chain amino acid- (BCAA-)containing dipeptides, present in WPH, on immune modulation, stimulation of HSP expression, muscle protein synthesis, glycogen content, satiety signals and the impact of these peptides on the plasma free amino acid profiles. Methods: The animals were divided in groups: control (rest, without gavage), vehicle (water), L-isoleucyl-L-leucine (lle-Leu), L-leucyl-L-isoleucine (Leu-lle), L-valyl-Lleucine (Val-Leu), L-leucyl-L-valine (Leu-Val) and WPH...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325301/increased-expression-of-laminin-subunit-alpha-1-chain-by-dcas9-vp160
#4
Arnaud Perrin, Joël Rousseau, Jacques P Tremblay
Laminin-111 protein complex links the extracellular matrix to integrin α7β1 in sarcolemma, thus replacing in dystrophic muscles links normally insured by the dystrophin complex. Laminin-111 injection in mdx mouse stabilized sarcolemma, restored serum creatine kinase to wild-type levels, and protected muscles from exercised-induced damages. These results suggested that increased laminin-111 is a potential therapy for DMD. Laminin subunit beta 1 and laminin subunit gamma 1 are expressed in adult human muscle, but laminin subunit alpha 1 (LAMA1) gene is expressed only during embryogenesis...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323574/the-effects-of-an-increased-calorie-breakfast-consumed-prior-to-simulated-match-play-in-academy-soccer-players
#5
Marc A Briggs, Liam D Harper, Ged McNamee, Emma Cockburn, Penny L S Rumbold, Emma J Stevenson, Mark Russell
Dietary analysis of Academy soccer players highlights that total energy and carbohydrate intakes are less than optimal, especially, on match-days. As UK Academy matches predominantly kick-off at ∼11:00 h, breakfast is likely the last pre-exercise meal and thus may provide an intervention opportunity on match-day. Accordingly, the physiological and performance effects of an increased calorie breakfast consumed ∼135-min before soccer-specific exercise was investigated. English Premier League Academy soccer players (n = 7) repeated a 90-min soccer match simulation on two occasions after consumption of habitual (Bhab; ∼1100 kJ) or increased (Binc; ∼2100 kJ) energy breakfasts standardised for macronutrient contributions (∼60% carbohydrates, ∼15% proteins and ∼25% fats)...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322825/dissection-of-mechanoresponse-elements-in-promoter-sites-of-the-mechanoresponsive-cyr61-gene
#6
Lothar Seefried, Sigrid Mueller-Deubert, Melanie Krug, Almoatazbellah Youssef, Norbert Schuetze, Anita Ignatius, Franz Jakob, Regina Ebert
Mechanotransduction is important for mesenchymal regeneration and differentiation. Exaggerated high or very low impact yields pathological outcome resulting in fracture or tissue atrophy. Pathological strain in animal models was described but tools to dissect the respective stimuli and downstream pathways are limited. We expand the analytical tools to describe DNA strain response elements in a reporter gene approach. Deletion constructs of the human cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR61) promoter were cloned into luciferase vectors and stably transfected into human telomerase-immortalized mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC-TERT)...
March 16, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321925/effects-of-6-months-aerobic-interval-training-on-skeletal-muscle-metabolism-in-middle-aged-metabolic-syndrome-patients
#7
A Guadalupe-Grau, V E Fernández-Elías, J F Ortega, F Dela, J W Helge, R Mora Rodríguez
AIM: Aerobic interval training (AIT) improves the health of metabolic syndrome patients (MetS) more than moderate intensity continuous training. However, AIT has not been shown to reverse all metabolic syndrome risk factors, possibly due to the limited duration of the training programs. PURPOSE: To assess the effects of 6 months of AIT on cardio-metabolic health and muscle metabolism in middle aged MetS. METHODS: Eleven MetS (54.5 ± 0.7 yrs old) underwent 6 month of 3 days a week supervised AIT program on a cycle-ergometer...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319586/short-term-exercise-training-alters-leukocyte-chemokine-receptors-in-obese-adults
#8
Julianne C Barry, Svetlana Simtchouk, Cody Durrer, Mary E Jung, Jonathan P Little
Obesity is characterized by chronic low-grade inflammation driven by activation and tissue infiltration of circulating leukocytes. Although exercise has anti-inflammatory effects, the impact of exercise on mediators of leukocyte migration is unclear. PURPOSE: To determine the impact of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate intensity continuous training (MICT), in the absence of weight/fat loss, on circulating chemokines and leukocyte chemokine receptors. METHODS: Thirty-seven inactive obese adults were randomized to two weeks (10 sessions) of HIIT or MICT with fasting blood samples collected before and after training...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318397/baiba-does-not-regulate-ucp-3-expression-in-human-skeletal-muscle-as-a-response-to-aerobic-exercise
#9
Flor E Morales, Jeffrey S Forsse, Thomas L Andre, Sarah K McKinley-Barnard, Paul S Hwang, Ian G Anthony, Grant M Tinsley, Mike Spillane, Peter W Grandjean, Alejandro Ramirez, Darryn S Willoughby
OBJECTIVE: β-Aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) has shown to modulate uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 expression, which is mainly expressed in white adipose tissue; however, no studies to date have analyzed its potential effect on the main uncoupling protein of skeletal muscle, UCP-3. The main goal of this study was to assess the potential effect of acute aerobic exercise on serum BAIBA and skeletal muscle UCP-3. The secondary goal was to assess the potential involvement of the transcription factors proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), as well as free fatty acids (FFAs) in UCP-3 expression...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317895/upregulation-of-skeletal-muscle-pgc-1%C3%AE-through-the-elevation-of-cyclic-amp-levels-by-cyanidin-3-glucoside-enhances-exercise-performance
#10
Toshiya Matsukawa, Hideko Motojima, Yuki Sato, Shinya Takahashi, Myra O Villareal, Hiroko Isoda
Regular exercise and physical training enhance physiological capacity and improve metabolic diseases. Skeletal muscles require peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in the process of their adaptation to exercise owing to PGC-1α's ability to regulate mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis, and oxidative metabolism. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy3G) is a natural polyphenol and a nutraceutical factor, which has several beneficial effects on human health. Here, the effect of Cy3G on exercise performance and the underlying mechanisms involved were investigated...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316011/changes-in-pro-inflammatory-markers-and-leucine-concentrations-in-response-to-nordic-walking-training-combined-with-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-elderly-women
#11
A Gmiat, J Mieszkowski, K Prusik, K Prusik, J Kortas, A Kochanowicz, A Radulska, M Lipiński, M Tomczyk, J Jaworska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Mechanisms underpinning age-related decreases in muscle strength and muscle mass relate to chronic inflammation. Physical activity induces an anti-inflammatory effect, but it is modulated by additional factors. We hypothesized that vitamin D, which has also anti-inflammatory activity will modify adaptation to exercise and reduce inflammation in elderly women. Twenty-seven women aged 67 ± 8 years were included and divided into groups with baseline vitamin D concentration more than 20 ng mL(-1) (MVD) and less than 20 ng mL(-1) (LVD)...
March 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314078/high-physical-fitness-is-associated-with-reduction-in-basal-and-exercise-induced-inflammation
#12
Øyunn Kleiven, Magnus Bjørkavoll-Bergseth, Tor Melberg, Øyvind Skadberg, Rolf Bergseth, Jone Selvåg, Bjørn Auestad, Pål Aukrust, Torbjørn Aarsland, Stein Ørn
C-reactive protein (CRP) increases after strenuous exercise. It has been a concern that prolonged strenuous exercise may be harmful, and induce a deleterious inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to 1) Assess and quantify the magnitude of CRP response following an endurance cycling competition in healthy middle-aged recreational cyclists. 2) Identify important determinants of this response. 3) Identify the relationship between CRP, myocardial damage (cardiac Troponin I (cTnI)) and myocardial strain (B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP))...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306130/brain-connectivity-is-altered-by-extreme-physical-exercise-during-non-rem-sleep-and-wakefulness-indications-from-eeg-and-fmri-studies
#13
D Menicucci, C Gentili, A Piarulli, M Laurino, S Pellegrini, F Mastorci, R Bedini, D Montanaro, L Sebastiani, A Gemignani
Brain connectivity is associated to behavioral states (e.g. wake, sleep) and modified by physical activity although, to date, it is not clear which components (e.g. hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones, cytokines) associated to the exercise are involved. In this pilot study, we used extreme exercise (UltraTriathlon) as a model to investigate physical-activity-related changes of brain connectivity. We studied post-race brain synchronization during wakefulness and sleep as well as possible correlations between exercise-related cytokines/hormones and synchronization features...
December 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303243/high-density-lipoprotein-subfractions-and-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-are-not-affected-by-supervised-exercise-but-are-associated-with-baseline-interleukin-6-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#14
Mazen S Albaghdadi, Zheng Wang, Ying Gao, R Kannan Mutharasan, John Wilkins
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions, efflux capacity, and inflammatory markers at baseline and the effect of supervised exercise on these HDL parameters in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: The study to improve leg circulation (SILC) was a randomized trial of supervised treadmill exercise, leg resistance training, or control in individuals with PAD. In a post hoc cross-sectional analysis, we quantified the associations between baseline HDL subfraction concentrations (HDL2 and HDL3), HDL-C efflux capacity, and inflammatory markers [C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)]...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303105/caloric-restriction-is-more-efficient-than-physical-exercise-to-protect-from-cisplatin-nephrotoxicity-via-ppar-alpha-activation
#15
Gabriel R Estrela, Frederick Wasinski, Rogério O Batista, Meire I Hiyane, Raphael J F Felizardo, Flavia Cunha, Danilo C de Almeida, Denise M A C Malheiros, Niels O S Câmara, Carlos C Barros, Michael Bader, Ronaldo C Araujo
The antineoplastic drug cisplatin promotes renal injury, which limits its use. Protocols that reduce renal cisplatin toxicity will allow higher doses to be used in cisplatin treatment. Here, we compare physical exercise and caloric restriction (CR) as protocols to reduce cisplatin renal injury in mice. Male C57BL/6 were divided into four groups: Control, cisplatin, exercise + cisplatin, and 30% CR + cisplatin. Animals were injected with a single dose of cisplatin (20 mg/kg i.p.) and sacrificed 96 h after injection...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302517/exercise-training-rescues-high-fat-diet-induced-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-expression-in-the-hippocampus-and-cerebral-cortex-of-mice
#16
Yuki Tomiga, Saki Yoshimura, Ai Ito, Shihoko Nakashima, Kentaro Kawanaka, Yoshinari Uehara, Hiroaki Tanaka, Yasuki Higaki
Consumption of a high fat diet (HFD) and being overweight both induce functional deterioration and atrophy of the hippocampus. These alterations are associated with mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. Exercise combats obesity and enhances brain health. There is substantial evidence that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is a key regulator of affective behavior, and that increased brain nNOS leads to anxiety while environmental enrichment (EE), which reduces brain nNOS, has anxiolytic effects...
March 13, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297657/modeling-the-actin-myosin-atpase-cross-bridge-cycle-for-skeletal-and-cardiac-muscle-myosin%C3%A2-isoforms
#17
Srbolujub M Mijailovich, Djordje Nedic, Marina Svicevic, Boban Stojanovic, Jonathan Walklate, Zoltan Ujfalusi, Michael A Geeves
Modeling the complete actin.myosin ATPase cycle has always been limited by the lack of experimental data concerning key steps of the cycle, because these steps can only be defined at very low ionic strength. Here, using human β-cardiac myosin-S1, we combine published data from transient and steady-state kinetics to model a minimal eight-state ATPase cycle. The model illustrates the occupancy of each intermediate around the cycle and how the occupancy is altered by changes in actin concentration for [actin] = 1-20Km...
March 14, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296942/co-ingestion-of-carbohydrate-and-whey-protein-increases-fasted-rates-of-muscle-protein-synthesis-immediately-after-resistance-exercise-in-rats
#18
Wanyi Wang, Zhenping Ding, Geoffrey J Solares, Soon-Mi Choi, Bo Wang, Aram Yoon, Roger P Farrar, John L Ivy
The objective of the study was to investigate whether co-ingestion of carbohydrate and protein as compared with protein alone augments muscle protein synthesis (MPS) during early exercise recovery. Two months old rats performed 10 repetitions of ladder climbing with 75% of body weight attached to their tails. Placebo (PLA), whey protein (WP), or whey protein plus carbohydrate (CP) was then given to rats by gavage. An additional group of sedentary rats (SED) was used as controls. Blood samples were collected immediately and at either 1 or 2 h after exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293931/investigation-of-the-possible-role-of-the-hippo-yap1-pathway-in-asthma-and-allergy
#19
Lili E Fodor, András Gézsi, Ldikó Ungvári, Agnes F Semsei, Zsófia Gál, Adrienne Nagy, Gabriella Gálffy, Lilla Tamási, András Kiss, Péter Antal, Csaba Szalai
PURPOSE: Several lines of evidence indicate that the Hippo/Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) pathways might play a role in the pathogenesis of asthma. To investigate the possible role of the Hippo/YAP1 pathway in the pathogenesis of asthma or its phenotypes. METHODS: The levels of gene expressions of the members of the Hippo/YAP1 were compared. The presence of the proteins of the YAP1 and FRMD6 were analyzed with Western blot in induced sputum of 18 asthmatic subjects and 10 control subjects...
May 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292876/maternal-exercise-upregulates-mitochondrial-gene-expression-and-increases-enzyme-activity-of-fetal-mouse-hearts
#20
Eunhee Chung, Hayli E Joiner, Tracer Skelton, Kalli D Looten, Maria Manczak, P Hemachandra Reddy
Maternal exercise during pregnancy has been shown to improve the long-term health of offspring in later life. Mitochondria are important organelles for maintaining adequate heart function, and mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of maternal exercise during pregnancy on mitochondrial biogenesis in hearts are not well understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial gene expression in fetal myocardium would be upregulated by maternal exercise...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
keyword
keyword
41591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"