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USA 300

Theophilus Aanuoluwa Adagunodo, Sebastian Lüning, Adekunle Michael Adeleke, Julius Oluwasegun Omidiora, Ahzegbobor Philips Aizebeokhai, Kehinde David Oyeyemi, Olaide Sakiru Hammed
This article evaluates the occurrence of 0 [Formula: see text] M [Formula: see text] 8 earthquake data sets for the period of 50 years (that is, January 1, 1966 to December 31, 2015) in African and Western Asia region. It is bounded by latitude 40° S to 40° N and longitude 30° W to 60° E with the focal depth of 0-700 km. Seventy seven thousand, six hundred and ninety-six data points were presented for the analysis. The data used were extracted from earthquake catalog of Advanced National Seismic system via http://quake...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Marco Orsini Federici, Janette McQuillan, Giovanni Biricolti, Serena Losi, Jeremie Lebrec, Catrina Richards, Cristiana Miglio, Kirsi Norrbacka
INTRODUCTION: Real-world evidence on glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RAs) usage is emerging in different European countries but is lacking in Italy. This retrospective cohort study aimed to describe the real-world drug utilization patterns in patients initiating GLP-1 RAs for treating T2DM in Italy. METHODS: Adults aged ≥ 20 years and with ≥ 1 oral antidiabetic drug (alone or in combination with insulin) other than GLP-1 RAs in the 6 months prior to initiating exenatide twice daily (exBID), exenatide once weekly (exQW), dulaglutide once weekly (DULA), liraglutide once daily (LIRA) or lixisenatide once daily (LIXI) between March and July 2016 were retrospectively identified in the Italian IMS LifeLink™ longitudinal prescriptions database (retail pharmacy data)...
March 10, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Elisa Colella, Dario Cattaneo, Laura Galli, Sara Baldelli, Emilio Clementi, Massimo Galli, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna, Stefano Rusconi, Vincenzo Spagnuolo
The 96-week results of the Monotherapy Once a Day with Atazanavir/r (MODAt) study [NCT01511809] showed an inferior virological efficacy of atazanavir (ATV)/ritonavir monotherapy versus triple therapy, which was promptly retrieved by the reintroduction of nucleoside/nucleotide inhibitors of reverse transcriptase [N(n)RTIs]. We aimed to identify potential relationships between ATV exposure and clinical outcome in HIV-1 subjects treated with ATV/ritonavir monotherapy [ATV/r 300/100mg] versus ATV/ritonavir triple therapy [ATV/r 300/100mg+2NRTIs]...
March 2, 2018: New Microbiologica
Kennedy Mwacalimba, Annette Litster
Since March 2015, canine influenza virus (CIV) H3N2 has caused widespread outbreaks in dogs across the USA. The effects of local H3N2 outbreaks on veterinary practices were investigated using an online interface and followed with phone calls to respondents when necessary. An outbreak was defined as confirmed diagnosis of H3N2 by either PCR or serology in at least four dogs. Of 30 practices invited to participate, five met the entry criteria: at least one documented H3N2 outbreak in the previous 12 months, a predominantly (≥70%) small animal caseload, and adequate financial records to complete the survey...
March 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Li-Ming Zhao, Dong-Mu Tian, Yue Wei, Jun-Hui Zhang, Zheng-Lin Di, Zhi-Yong He, Yong-Cheng Hu
OBJECTIVE: To study the biomechanical properties of a novel modular intercalary prosthesis for humeral diaphyseal segmental defect reconstruction, to establish valid finite element humerus and prosthesis models, and to analyze the biomechanical differences in modular intercalary prostheses with or without plate fixation. METHODS: Three groups were set up to compare the performance of the prosthesis: intact humerus, humerus-prosthesis and humerus-prosthesis-plate...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Surgery
Candice M Stefanic, Sterling J Nesbitt
Dinosaurs and their close relatives grew to sizes larger than any other terrestrial animal in the history of life on Earth, and many enormous dinosaurs (e.g., Diplodocus , Spinosaurus , Tyrannosaurus ) have accessory intervertebral articulations that have been suggested to support these large body sizes. Some pseudosuchian archosaurs have been reported to have these articulations as well, but few have been characterized in these taxa because of a lower abundance of complete, three-dimensional pseudosuchian vertebral material in relation to dinosaurs...
2018: PeerJ
Brian G Rahm, Natalie Morse, Michelle Bowen, Jun Choi, Dhaval Mehta, Sridhar Vedachalam
Like many regions around the world, New York State, USA, faces challenges in meeting wastewater treatment quality standards because of aging infrastructure, limited funding, shifting demographics and increasingly stringent environmental regulations. In recent decades construction of new wastewater treatment and distribution infrastructure in NY has most often occurred in exurban communities and suburban developments that are less dense than traditional urban cores. Here, we examine the role of size and capacity utilization on wastewater treatment effectiveness with respect to critical effluent parameters, and additionally explore which common facility engineering controls influence water quality treatment using a unique dataset of descriptive information...
February 12, 2018: Water Research
Ledetra Shanta Bridges, Manoj Sharma, Jung Hye Sung Lee, Russell Bennett, Sarah G Buxbaum, Jacqueline Reese-Smith
Background: Suicide rates are high among African American students because they are at a greater risk of depression. A commonly used suicide prevention approach is the gatekeeper training. However, gatekeeper training is neither evidence-based nor has it been identified as culturally-appropriate for African American college students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an online peer-to-peer PRECEDE-PROCEED model based depression awareness and suicide prevention program that was culturally appropriate for African American college students...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Gururaj Arakeri, Deepak Thomas, Abdulsalam S Aljabab, Santosh Hunasgi, Kirthi Kumar Rai, Beverley Hale, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Siavash Rahimi, M A W Merkx, Peter A Brennan
BACKGROUND: We have evaluated the rationale of existing grading and staging schemes of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) based on how they are categorized. A novel classification and staging scheme is proposed. METHODS: 300 OSMF patients were evaluated for agreement between functional, clinical and histopathological staging. Bilateral biopsies were assessed in 25 patients to evaluate for any differences in histopathological staging of OSMF in the same mouth. Extent of clinician agreement for categorized staging data was evaluated using Cohen's weighted Kappa analysis...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Jane Jih, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Hilary K Seligman, W John Boscardin, Tung T Nguyen, Christine S Ritchie
OBJECTIVE: Increased out-of-pocket health-care expenditures may exert budget pressure on low-income households that leads to food insecurity. The objective of the present study was to examine whether older adults with higher chronic disease burden are at increased risk of food insecurity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the 2013 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Health Care and Nutrition Study (HCNS) linked to the 2012 nationally representative HRS. SETTING: USA...
February 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
J Chhatwal, Q Chen, T Ayer, E D Bethea, F Kanwal, K V Kowdley, X Wang, M S Roberts, S C Gordon
BACKGROUND: The introduction of oral direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) has dramatically changed the landscape of HCV treatment. However, a small percentage of patients fail to achieve sustained virologic response (SVR). Understanding the number of people who fail on DAAs and require re-treatment is important for budget impact and disease burden projections. AIM: To quantify the number of HCV patients who fail to achieve SVR on oral DAAs (NS5A vs. non-NS5A) and require re-treatment...
January 29, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Carolin Haug, Marie A I N Rötzer
Xiphosurans have often been considered as archaic appearing cheliceratan arthropods, with a rich fossil record. We describe here parts of the post-embryonic ontogeny of the 300 million year old xiphosuran Euproops danae (Xiphosura sensu stricto, Euchelicerata), from the Mazon Creek Lagerstätte (Upper Carboniferous), USA. Recently, the ontogeny of a closely related species, Euproops sp. from the Upper Carboniferous Piesberg quarry, Osnabrück, Germany (informally called 'Piesproops'), has been reconstructed...
January 23, 2018: Development Genes and Evolution
David Page, Enyo Ablordeppey, Brian T Wessman, Nicholas M Mohr, Stephen Trzeciak, Marin H Kollef, Brian W Roberts, Brian M Fuller
BACKGROUND: Providing supplemental oxygen is fundamental in the management of mechanically ventilated patients. Increasing amounts of data show worse clinical outcomes associated with hyperoxia. However, these previous data in the critically ill have not focused on outcomes associated with brief hyperoxia exposure immediately after endotracheal intubation. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of isolated early hyperoxia exposure in the emergency department (ED) on clinical outcomes among mechanically ventilated patients with subsequent normoxia in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
January 18, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Shaloo Gupta, Hongwei Wang, Neil Skolnik, Liyue Tong, Ryan M Liebert, Lulu K Lee, Peter Stella, Anna Cali, Ronald Preblick
INTRODUCTION: Usage patterns and effectiveness of a longer-acting formulation of insulin glargine at a strength of 300 units per milliliter (Gla-300) have not been studied in real-world clinical practice. This study evaluated differences in dosing and clinical outcomes before and after Gla-300 treatment initiation in patients with type 2 diabetes starting or switching to treatment with Gla-300 to assess whether the benefits observed in clinical trials translate into real-world settings...
January 8, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Antonio Ricarte, Gabriel J Souba-Dols, Martin Hauser, Mª Ángeles Marcos-García
The genera Eumerus and Merodon (Diptera: Syrphidae) have a high taxonomic diversity (300+ species altogether), but life histories of most species are unknown. In addition, these hoverfly genera are recognised to be pests (ornamental plants and vegetable crops). In this paper, early stages of four hoverfly species are described, Eumerus hungaricus Szilády, 1940, Eumerus nudus Loew, 1848 and Merodon geniculatus Strobl, 1909, from Spain, and Eumerus strigatus Walker, 1859, from California, USA. Larvae of E. nudus were obtained from swollen roots of Asphodelus cerasiferus J...
2017: PloS One
Zhangxiong Liu, Huihui Li, Zixiang Wen, Xuhong Fan, Yinghui Li, Rongxia Guan, Yong Guo, Shuming Wang, Dechun Wang, Lijuan Qiu
Soybean is one of the most important economic crops for both China and the United States (US). The exchange of germplasm between these two countries has long been active. In order to investigate genetic relationships between Chinese and US soybean germplasm, 277 Chinese soybean accessions and 300 US soybean accessions from geographically diverse regions were analyzed using 5,361 SNP markers. The genetic diversity and the polymorphism information content (PIC) of the Chinese accessions was higher than that of the US accessions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
João Paulo Mendes Tribst, Amanda Maria de Oliveira Dal Piva, Jamil Awad Shibli, Alexandre Luiz Souto Borges, Rubens Nisie Tango
This study evaluated the effect of implantoplasty on different bone insertion levels of exposed implants. A model of the Bone Level Tapered implant (Straumann Institute, Waldenburg, Switzerland) was created through the Rhinoceros software (version 5.0 SR8, McNeel North America, Seattle, WA, USA). The abutment was fixed to the implant through a retention screw and a monolithic crown was modeled over a cementation line. Six models were created with increasing portions of the implant threads exposed: C1 (1 mm), C2 (2 mm), C3 (3 mm), C4 (4 mm), C5 (5 mm) and C6 (6 mm)...
December 7, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
Ernest S Fung, Andrew Monnot, Michael Kovochich, Kenneth M Unice, Brooke E Tvermoes, David Galbraith, Brent L Finley, Dennis J Paustenbach
Over 300,000 hip replacements occurred in the USA in 2010, and the frequency is likely increasing annually. Blood Cobalt (Co) concentrations in patients with well-functioning cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) hip implants are usually elevated above background concentrations relative to the general population. Excessive Co exposure, in rare cases, can result in cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this review was to identify cases of cardiomyopathy in metal-containing hip implant patients and to evaluate the possible cause of each patient's cardiomyopathy...
November 29, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Shankaramurthy Channabasappa, Murali Durgaiah, Ravisha Chikkamadaiah, Senthil Kumar, Amruta Joshi, Bharathi Sriram
Staphylococcus aureus causes systemic infections with high morbidity and mortality, and the emergence of drug-resistant strains is a rapidly growing clinical concern. Novel therapeutic agents are required to tackle S. aureus infections. P128 is a bacteriophage-derived chimeric ectolysin with potent and rapid bactericidal activity against S. aureus In the present study, the efficacy of P128 was evaluated in a newly developed rat model of S. aureus bacteremia. Prior to in vivo testing, P128 was shown to be stable in whole blood by incubation in rat blood for up to 6 h and testing its bactericidal activity against the methicillin-resistant S...
February 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Dominic M Taylor, Simon Fraser, Chris Dudley, Gabriel C Oniscu, Charles Tomson, Rommel Ravanan, Paul Roderick
Background: Limited health literacy affects 25% of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may reduce self-management skills resulting in poorer clinical outcomes. By disproportionately affecting people with low socio-economic status and non-white ethnicity, limited health literacy may promote health inequity. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative studies of health literacy and clinical outcomes among adults with CKD. Results: A total of 29 studies (13 articles; 16 conference abstracts) were included...
November 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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