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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908489/work-related-fatal-injuries-in-brescia-county-northern-italy-1982-to-2015-a-forensic-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Silvia Perotti, Maria Cristina Russo
Work-related deaths represent an important social problem. We report all the occupational fatal injuries recorded by the Brescia Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1982 to 2015. A total of 426 post-mortem examinations due to accidental work injuries were retrospectively analysed according to temporal distribution (year, month and day of the workplace accident); workers' characteristics (sex, age, nationality); type of occupation; cause of death; anatomical region of fatal injuries and timing of death. The accidental occupational events occurred with a mean of 12...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902699/abuse-of-fentanyl-an-emerging-problem-to-face
#2
REVIEW
Katarzyna Kuczyńska, Piotr Grzonkowski, Łukasz Kacprzak, Jolanta B Zawilska
Fentanyl is a potent synthetic opioid used as a narcotic analgesic supplement in general and regional anesthesia as well as in management of persistent, severe chronic pain. Alarming epidemiological and forensic medicine reports, accumulated mainly during the last two decades, point to a growing increase in illicit use of fentanyl, mainly in North America and Europe. Toxicological data indicates that fentanyl use is inextricably linked with polydrug use. There are two main sources of fentanyl on the "recreational" drug market...
June 2, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898724/socio-demographic-and-economics-factors-associated-with-suicide-mortality-in-iran-2001-2010-application-of-a-decomposition-model
#3
Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Giulia Rinaldi, Hossein Shahnavazi, Hamid Bouraghi, Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global health problem, especially among youth. Suicide is known to be associated with a variety of social, economic, political and religious factors, vary across geographical and cultural regions. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of socioeconomic factors on suicide mortality rate across different regions in Iran. METHODS: The data on distribution of population and socio-economic factors (such as unemployment rate, divorce rate, urbanization rate, average household expenditure etc...
June 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895140/professor-andrzej-jakli%C3%A5-ski-in-his-student-s-memoirs
#4
Wojciech Chagowski
The author attempts to present Professor Jakliński paying particular attention to what created such a great personality of Polish forensic medicine. Professor Andrzej Jakliński grew up in difficult times, which required a lot of sacrifice, even self-sacrifice and making choices that not always depended on him. That is why this article focuses on Professor Jakliński's childhood and adolescence, his escape from the Russian occupation zone to the German General Government, as well as the battles which he fought within the structures of the Home Army against the Germans and the incident that determined his life and brought him to Lublin...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882051/burned-bodies-post-mortem-computed-tomography-an-essential-tool-for-modern-forensic-medicine
#5
REVIEW
J-B Coty, C Nedelcu, S Yahya, V Dupont, C Rougé-Maillart, M Verschoore, C Ridereau Zins, C Aubé
Currently, post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) has become an accessible and contemporary tool for forensic investigations. In the case of burn victims, it provides specific semiologies requiring a prudent understanding to differentiate between the normal post-mortem changes from heat-related changes. The aim of this pictorial essay is to provide to the radiologist the keys to establish complete and focused reports in cases of PMCT of burn victims. Thus, the radiologist must discern all the contextual divergences with the forensic history, and must be able to report all the relevant elements to answer to the forensic pathologist the following questions: Are there tomographic features that could help to identify the victim? Is there evidence of remains of biological fluids in liquid form available for toxicological analysis and DNA sampling? Is there another obvious cause of death than heat-related lesions, especially metallic foreign bodies of ballistic origin? Finally, what are the characteristic burn-related injuries seen on the corpse that should be sought during the autopsy? TEACHING POINTS: • CT is highly useful to find features permitting the identification of a severely burned body...
June 7, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863723/-the-all-russian-forensic-medicine-olympiad-the-moves-toward-professional-skills-and-its-role-in-the-overall-educational-process
#6
Yu V Lomakin, E N Leonova, A V Khodulapov
This article is published on the occasion of the 2nd All-Russian forensic medicine student Olympiad. The Olympiad has been held during three years in succession and attracts attention of the students from different Universities of the Russian Federation and the former Soviet republics. The Olympiad is considered to be a highly efficient form of the intellectual leisure activities of the students; moreover, it facilitates formation of motivation for the self-education and the acquisition of the professional skills and competences envisaged by the state standards for higher education that have not yet been incorporated into the program of modern medical education adopted in the Russian Federation...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859400/a-preliminary-study-about-the-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-forensically-important-blow-flies-diptera-calliphoridae-in-the-area-of-bern-switzerland
#7
Nina Feddern, Jens Amendt, Christian Schyma, Christian Jackowski, Joëlle Tschui
To assess the species composition of necrophagous blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the area around the federal city of Switzerland, Bern, sampling with baited bottle traps was performed over the course of 34 weeks in 2014. Six locations ranging from urban to forest habitats were sampled weekly or rather biweekly in the winter period. 5580 individuals belonging to 16 species were identified with Lucilia sericata as the most dominant and frequent species, followed by Calliphora vicina. While most individuals were found in the urban habitats, species richness was highest in the forest...
May 21, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804275/the-effect-of-the-medico-legal-evaluation-on-asylum-seekers-in-the-metropolitan-city-of-milan-italy-a-pilot-study
#8
L Franceschetti, F Magli, V G Merelli, E A Muccino, A Gentilomo, F Agazzi, D M Gibelli, M Gambarana, D De Angelis, A Kustermann, C Cattaneo
In the present-day situation, the clinical forensic documentation of an asylum seeker's narrative and his or her examination, together with the physical and psychological findings, may have very important effects on the outcome of the request for political asylum. Since 2012, the Municipality of Milan, the University Institute of Legal Medicine, and other institutions have assembled a team with the task of examining vulnerable asylum seekers and preparing a medical report for the Territorial Commission for International Protection (Prefecture, Ministry of Interiors), who will assess the application...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801959/the-health-of-female-arrestees-in-police-cells-a-descriptive-study
#9
Vianney Gandon, Sophie Outh-Gauer, Patrick Chariot
INTRODUCTION: Little information is available regarding the medical status and health care needs of female arrestees. Our objective was to evaluate the perceived health and somatic or psychiatric disorders reported by female arrestees in police cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study in a regional reference department of forensic medicine in France. We studied female arrestees examined in police cells (01/01/2013-06/30/2013). Data were collected regarding individuals' medical characteristics, addictive behaviours, and perceived health status, as well as reported assaults or recent traumatic injuries...
July 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801958/hospital-referral-of-detainees-during-police-custody-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#10
T Dorn, A Janssen, J C de Keijzer, G L van Rijk-Zwikker, U J L Reijnders, J S K Luitse, E Vandewalle, M P Gorzeman, R C van Nieuwenhuizen, M Ceelen, C Das
This study describes how many detainees have been referred to emergency departments for further evaluation or emergency care while in police custody in Amsterdam (years 2012/2013). It provides insights into the diagnoses assigned by forensic doctors and hospital specialists and the appropriateness of the referrals. We made use of the electronic registration system of the Forensic Medicine Department of the Public Health Service Amsterdam. This department is in charge of the medical care for detainees in the Amsterdam region...
July 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801950/causes-of-deaths-data-linkages-and-big-data-perspectives
#11
Grégoire Rey, Karim Bounebache, Claire Rondet
The study of cause-specific mortality data is one of the main sources of information for public health monitoring. In most industrialized countries, when a death occurs, it is a legal requirement that a medical certificate based on the international form recommended by World Health Organization's (WHO) is filled in by a physician. The physician reports the causes of death that directly led or contributed to the death on the death certificate. The death certificate is then forwarded to a coding office, where each cause is coded, and one underlying cause is defined, using the rules of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, now in its 10th Revision (ICD-10)...
July 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801945/a-data-model-for-clinical-legal-medicine-practice-and-the-development-of-a-dedicated-software-for-both-practitioners-and-researchers
#12
Catherine Dang, Thomas Phuong, Mahmoud Beddag, Anabel Vega, Céline Denis
OBJECTIVE: To present a data model for clinical legal medicine and the software based on that data model for both practitioners and researchers. The main functionalities of the presented software are computer-assisted production of medical certificates and data capture, storage and retrieval. METHODS: The data model and the software were jointly developed by the department of forensic medicine of the Jean Verdier Hospital (Bondy, France) and an bioinformatics laboratory (LIMICS, Paris universities 6-13) between November 2015 and May 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799311/homicide-with-post-mortem-dismemberment-of-the-victim-with-previous-amputation-of-right-lower-limb-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
S Zerbo, A Lanzarone, P Procaccianti, E Ventura Spagnolo, A Argo
The dismemberment of a corpse is comparatively rare in forensic medicine and usually performed with different types of sharp tools. The victim is always the victim of a homicide. Dismemberment usually occurs where the killing took place without prior planning by the perpetrator. We report a case of homicide with post mortem mutilation of the victim's body with previous amputation of right lower limb in which the perpetrator was not identified. At autopsy, several fractures were detected on the cranial vault, and the cause of death was due to skull and brain injuries from multiple blunt force traumas...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786816/examination-of-morbidity-and-mortality-of-cases-according-to-intra-vehicle-position-and-accident-mechanism
#14
Orhan Meral, Ekin Özgür Aktaş, Murat Ersel
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents are still an important public health issue in our country and intra-vehicle accidents cause substantial morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of seating position on morbidity and mortality in traffic accidents. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Emergency Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University between May 1, 2014 and November 30, 2014 due to injuries in motor vehicles and who signed informed consent were included...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777982/documentation-and-analysis-of-traumatic-injuries-in-clinical-forensic-medicine-involving-structured-light-three-dimensional-surface-scanning-versus-photography
#15
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning has been applied in forensic medicine and has been shown to mitigate shortcoming of traditional documentation methods. The aim of this paper is to assess the efficiency of structured light 3D surface scanning in recording traumatic injuries of live cases in clinical forensic medicine. The work was conducted in Medico-Legal Centre in Benghazi, Libya. A structured light 3D surface scanner and ordinary digital camera with close-up lens were used to record the injuries and to have 3D and two-dimensional (2D) documents of the same traumas...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777425/the-use-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-forensic-medicine-following-incidents-of-sexual-violence-in-hamburg-germany-a-retrospective-study
#16
Julia Ebert, Jan Peter Sperhake, Olaf Degen, Ann Sophie Schröder
In Hamburg, Germany, the initiation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) in cases of sexual violence is often carried out by forensic medical specialists (FMS) using the city's unique Hamburg Model. FMS-provided three-day HIV PEP starter packs include a combination of raltegravir and emtricitabine/tenofovir. This study aimed to investigate the practice of offering HIV PEP, reasons for discontinuing treatment, patient compliance, and whether or not potential perpetrators were tested for HIV. We conducted a retrospective study of forensic clinical examinations carried out by the Hamburg Department of Legal Medicine following incidents of sexual violence from 2009 to 2016...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775918/determining-gender-by-taking-measurements-from-magnetic-resonance-images-of-the-patella
#17
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772452/epidemiological-aspects-of-drowning-and-non-fatal-drowning-in-the-waters-of-amsterdam
#18
G Reijnen, M van de Westeringh, M C Buster, P J E Vos, U L J Reijnders
We examined who, when, and where people non-fatally drowned of drowned in Amsterdam between January 2011 and December 2015 so that in the future more targeted and effective measures can be taken to prevent drowning. Data on non fatal drownings (N = 515, fire department database) were combined with the forensic medicine data on drowning fatalities (N=88). Who drowns in Amsterdam? The majority of those who drowned were men (82%). A high percentage of the people who drowned were under the influence of alcohol or drugs (up to 55%)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771705/the-causality-nexus-between-the-tako-tsubo-syndrome-and-an-assault-a-forensic-case-report
#19
Malek Zribi, Syrine Azza Manoubi, Narjes Karray, Salma Charfeddine, Wiem Benamar, Zouhir Hammami, Samir Kammoun, Samir Maatoug
"Tako-tsubo" cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is one of the rarest types of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It frequently mimics acute coronary syndrome, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic changes, and release of myocardial enzymes. After treatment, the patients are cured in most cases without sequelae. Tako-tsubo syndrome is rarely considered as a reason for consultation in the forensic department.Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old woman who was assaulted by her police officer neighbor...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769502/variation-of-luminal-diameter-of-the-right-principal-bronchus-in-different-age-and-sex-group-of-bangladeshi-cadaver
#20
N Nawshin, S Mannan, M F Kamal, E Z Epsi, Z Ahmed
The respiratory system is involved in the intake and exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between an organism and the environment which is essential for human survival. The bronchial tree includes the trachea, right and left principal bronchi and their branching upto alveoli. A common medical problem with the respiratory tract is acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) which is the leading killer of children under five. The aim of the present study was to find out the variation of the luminal diameter of right principal bronchus in Bangladeshi people...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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