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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034417/age-estimation-of-chinese-children-based-on-second-molar-maturity
#1
Yu-Cheng Guo, Guang Chu, Andreas Olze, Sven Schmidt, Ronald Schulz, Christian Ottow, Heidi Pfeiffer, Teng Chen, Andreas Schmeling
In forensic medicine and many other fields, age estimation by the use of teeth is of great importance for the purpose of individual identification. In the past, however, age estimation based on the second molar mineralization was scarcely performed. In this study, a total of 1657 panoramic radiographs taken from 834 males and 823 females of northern Chinese origin in the age bracket 5 to 25 years were assessed. The mineralization status of the second molars was determined using the classification described by Demirjian et al...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033634/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-a-retrospective-autopsy-study-of-112-epileptic-patients
#2
İpek Esen Melez, Murat Nihat Arslan, Deniz Oğuzhan Melez, Ahmet Necati Şanli, Sermet Koç
INTRODUCTION: Sudden unexpected deaths comprise the most important and worthy investigation case profiles in both neurology and forensic medicine. Epilepsy, which is one of the neuropathological causes of sudden unexpected deaths, is an important disorder having mysterious aspects. The aim of this study is to make common the points of view between neurology and forensic medicine experts and to discuss the features of the findings together with the related clinical hypotheses, leading to the differential diagnosis of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) by presenting autopsy findings and available medical data of patients who had a prior diagnosis of epilepsy...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028489/assessment-of-types-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-narcotic-cases-assessed-by-the-council-of-forensic-medicine-between-2011-2015-ankara-turkey
#3
Ersin Göl, İsmet Çok
Synthetic cannabinoids mimic the effects of cannabis and are the largest and fastest growing class of newly appearing designer drugs. Reports have revealed that various types of synthetic cannabinoids are mixed with herbal substances. The present study investigated the herbal substance cases involving synthetic cannabinoids in Ankara and nearby cities in Turkey. Data were collected from the reports of synthetic cannabinoids that were analyzed between January 01, 2011 and December 31, 2015 in the Ankara Narcotic Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine at the request of the judicial authorities...
October 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980558/-realization-of-the-modern-educational-concept-for-the-organization-of-the-teaching-and-learning-activities-at-the-department-of-forensic-medicine-of-i-m-sechenov-first-moscow-state-medical-university-ministry-of-health-of-the-russian-federation
#4
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, E N Leonova
The modern educational concept for the organization of the teaching and learning activities (continuous, free, and open education) implies the necessity for its implementation the development and introduction of the new approaches to the work with the students. This problem should be addressed based on the use of the up-to-date technologies for education of the adult subjects. Such technologies find the increasingly wider application at the Department of Forensic Medicine of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977413/identification-of-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-1-4-cyanobutyl-n-2-phenylpropan-2-yl-1h-indazole-3-carboxamide-cumyl-4cn-binaca-in-plant-material-and-quantification-in-post-mortem-blood-samples
#5
Oya Yeter
In May 2016, a new type of synthetic indazole-3-carboxamide cannabinoid (CUMYL-4CN-BINACA) was detected in seized plant material submitted to the Istanbul Council of Forensic Medicine by the National Police Office. The major ingredient in this material was purified using preparative liquid chromatography, and its structure was identified using liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HR/MS), gas chromatography-electron ionization/mass spectrometry (GC-EI/MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972355/-analysis-of-suicide-cases-in-post-mortem-examination-files-of-the-department-of-forensic-medicine-at-the-medical-university-of-bia%C3%A5-ystok-2003-to-2015
#6
Maciej Janica, Michał Szeremeta, Anna Bondar, Karolina Lomperta, Petra Drobuliakova, Anna Niemcunowicz-Janica
Aim of the study: The study presents the analysis of suicides based on the material consisting of the results of medico-legal autopsies and case files of the Department of Forensic Medicine of the Medical University of Bialystok. Material and methods: The material consisted of 6752 protocols of medico-legal autopsies carried out in the years 2003-2015 and case files, which enabled to classify cases as suicidal. The analysis included the dynamics of suicides over the years, basic demographic characteristics of victims, the ways, the time and place of suicide, the state of sobriety, the frequency of injuries in different regions of the body...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963643/is-bone-analysis-with-%C3%AE-ct-useful-for-short-postmortem-interval-estimation
#7
Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Elodie Marchand, Hélène Behal, Xavier Demondion, Anne Becart, Valery Hedouin
The evaluation of the postmortem interval (PMI) is an important consideration in forensic medicine. The time between death and the discovery thereof is extremely important, not only in terms of the legal process, but also for the course of the investigation. At the time of the discovery of human bones, the evaluation of the PMI is extremely difficult. To date, there is no really effective tool for this evaluation. The objective of our study is to characterize the architectural modifications of human bones using micro-tomography (μCT) in the postmortem period...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954154/interpersonal-violence-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-patterns-of-maxillofacial-injuries-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-campina-grande-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil-2008-2011
#8
Ítalo Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigenia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Ávila
The aim of this study was to determine the circumstances of aggressions and patterns of maxillofacial injuries among victims of interpersonal violence. This was a cross-sectional and exploratory study conducted from the analysis of 7,132 medical-legal and social records of interpersonal violence victims seen in a Forensic Medicine and Dentistry Center. Descriptive and multivariate statistics were performed using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. Three groups with different victimization profiles were identified...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950809/quality-of-life-in-dementia-sufferers-diet-and-exercise-in-an-evaluatory-role
#9
Pasquale Ricci, Francesco Massoni, Lidia Ricci, Emanuela Onofri, Giuseppe Donato, Serafino Ricci
Among the myriad of factors modulating quality of life (QoL) assessments estimated in patients presenting a variety of cognitive impairments (People With Dementia - PWD), the distinctive and critical influence of diet and exercise cannot be overestimated. The present study reviews the evi-dence to confirm the association between these health-endowering agents and cognitive perfor-mance in PWD, as well as providing a correlation between MMSE (Mini Mental State Examination) scores and available anthropometric data...
September 25, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942263/child-protection-and-the-development-of-child-abuse-pediatrics-in-new-york-city
#10
Vincent J Palusci
The history of child abuse pediatrics reflects the development of medicine as a profession influenced by social movements reacting to poverty, economic exploitation, and child maltreatment. As physicians began to specialize in caring for children, egregious cases led them to recognize children were affected by special medical problems and diseases which were compounded by poor conditions and abuse and neglect. They developed the fields of pediatrics and child abuse pediatrics to advocate for their needs in courts and communities...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942078/tau-protein-mapt-as-a-possible-biochemical-marker-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-postmortem-examination
#11
Mieszko Olczak, Justyna Niderla-Bielińska, Magdalena Kwiatkowska, Dorota Samojłowicz, Sylwia Tarka, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz
MAPT is a neuronal protein that plays an important role in axonal stabilization, neuronal development, and neuronal polarity. MAPT release into the CSF and blood has been interpreted as indicative of axonal injury as its elevated levels were observed in olympic boxers even after a mild head trauma suggesting minor CNS injuries. In our study we wanted to check the potential relevance of MAPT examination for forensic purposes. The study was carried out using cases of head injury group and cases of sudden death (cardiopulmonary failure, no injuries of the head - control group) provided by forensic pathologists at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw...
September 15, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940226/the-effect-of-leprotic-infection-on-the-risk-of-death-in-medieval-rural-denmark
#12
K Saige Kelmelis, Michael Holton Price, Jim Wood
INTRODUCTION: Paleopathological studies of leprosy in Danish skeletal collections show that many individuals suffered from this stigmatized disease during the Middle Ages. This study examines the risk of death associated with leprotic infection in individuals from the Danish rural cemetery of Øm Kloster (AD 1172-1536). Specifically, we modeled the influence of leprotic infection on age-specific mortality accounting also for sex and social status (lay person / monastic). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 311 adult individuals from the Øm Kloster skeletal collection housed at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark (ADBOU)...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933558/-oncology-secrets-of-suddenly-deceased-individuals
#13
Kateřina Stoklásková, Miroslav Ďatko, Eva Daňková, Milan Votava, Karel Schneller, Martin Zeman, Tomáš Vojtíšek, Michal Zelený
Malignant neoplasms represent the second most common cause of death in men and women in the Czech Republic after cardiovascular diseases. The incidence, prevalence and mortality is recorded in the Czech National Cancer Registry. The most recent data available is from 2013, in this year there were 81 541 patients newly diagnosed with cancer and 26 944 people died of cancer. From a long-term perspective, the incidence of neoplasms is increasing and the mortality is decreasing. In the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Brno there were 480 cases of newly reported malignant tumors during the period 2010-2015, which were not known before the autopsy...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926821/autopsies-in-the-elderly-erzurum-study
#14
Ozge Timur, Pinar Tosun Tasar, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Azem Irez, Filiz Yildirim, Dogan Nasir Binici, Sevnaz Sahin, Ahmet Nezih Kok
INTRODUCTION: Clinical and forensic autopsies are the best methods for determining cause of death. The aim of this study was to determine demographic and etiologic characteristics in geriatric forensic cases analyzed in Erzurum, Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Autopsy reports and prosecution documents of decedents aged 65 and older autopsied in the Morgue Specialization Department of the Forensic Medicine Institute, Erzurum Division between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015 were screened retrospectively...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923026/dementia-and-cognitive-disorder-identified-at-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination-a-study-from-sweden
#15
Anette Ekström, Marianne Kristiansson, Karin Sparring Björkstén
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination. METHODS: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. All cases from 2008 to 2010 with the diagnoses dementia or cognitive disorder were selected from the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine...
September 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#16
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904546/evidence-based-draft-guideline-for-prevention-of-midwifery-malpractices-based-on-referred-cases-to-the-forensic-medicine-commission-and-the-medical-council-from-2006-2011
#17
Leila Asadi, Marjan Beigi, Mahbube Valiani, Fardin Mardani
BACKGROUND: Medical errors are the main concerns in health systems, which considering their ascending rate in the recent years, especially in the field of midwifery, have caused a medical crisis. Considering the importance of evidence-based health services as a way to improve health systems, the aim of this study was to suggest a guideline for preventing malpractice in midwifery services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted in 2013, we investigated 206 cases that were referred to the Isfahan Legal Medicine Organization and Medical Council of Forensic Medicine from 2006-2011...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889247/guidelines-for-autopsy-investigation-of-sudden-cardiac-death-2017-update-from-the-association-for-european-cardiovascular-pathology
#18
Cristina Basso, Beatriz Aguilera, Jytte Banner, Stephan Cohle, Giulia d'Amati, Rosa Henriques de Gouveia, Cira di Gioia, Aurelie Fabre, Patrick J Gallagher, Ornella Leone, Joaquin Lucena, Lubov Mitrofanova, Pilar Molina, Sarah Parsons, Stefania Rizzo, Mary N Sheppard, Maria Paz Suárez Mier, S Kim Suvarna, Gaetano Thiene, Allard van der Wal, Aryan Vink, Katarzyna Michaud
Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most important modes of death in Western countries, pathologists and public health physicians have not given this problem the attention it deserves. New methods of preventing potentially fatal arrhythmias have been developed and the accurate diagnosis of the causes of SCD is now of particular importance. Pathologists are responsible for determining the precise cause and mechanism of sudden death but there is still considerable variation in the way in which they approach this increasingly complex task...
September 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#19
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886494/the-elder-physical-abuse-reflected-in-judicial-authorities-in-eskisehir
#20
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel
AIM: Elder abuse is a health and human rights problem that may occur among every race and ethnic group all around the world. This study aims at describing all cases of physical abuse of elderly which have been reported to, and investigated by Eskisehir - a western city of Turkey. METHODS: Physical abuse incidents above 65 years of age which were evaluated by the Eskisehir Council of Forensic Medicine for expert witness opinion during 5year period between 01.01.2010 and 12...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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