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"forensic medicine"

Borisav Stojanović, Ljiljana Vasović, Slobodan Vlajković, Milena Trandafilović, Marija Mladenović
A specificity of the vertebrobasilar system (VBS) is a convergent junction of paired vertebral arteries (VAs) in the basilar artery (BA) usually at the level of bulbopontine sulcus on the ventral side of the rhombencephalon. We revealed multiple VBS variations (a high junction of both VAs, absence of posterior inferior cerebellar arteries, short and ectatic BA, hypoplasia and initial duplication of the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery, and bilateral common trunks of the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries) in a 52-year-old male that routinely autopsied at the Institute of Forensic Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Lotta Walz, Anna K Jönsson, Brita Zilg, Carl Johan Östgren, Henrik Druid
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with confirmed fatal hyperglycaemia, which could predispose potentially preventable deaths in individuals on glucose lowering drugs. METHODS: A retrospective register-based case-control study conducted on a nationwide cohort with individuals who died due to hyperglycaemia as determined by forensic postmortem examination, in Sweden August 2006 to December 2012. Vitreous glucose was used to diagnose hyperglycaemia postmortem...
2016: PloS One
Taner Daş, Aytül Sargan, Gülhan Yağmur, Muzaffer Yildirim, Cumhur Selçuk Topal, Ahmet Selçuk Gürler, Hizir Asliyüksek, Murat Nihat Arslan, Rifat Özdemirel
Lower respiratory infections are commonly due to viruses and are the third largest cause of death. Respiratory tract viruses have a tendency to target the specific regions in the lung and can harm the host via direct effect of the virus and the host's inflammatory response. In this study, relationships between morphologic changes in the lung and the viral agent type isolated in the lung by the polymerase chain reaction technique were investigated. This study was performed retrospectively at 113 autopsy cases in the Council of Forensic Medicine in Istanbul...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Manal H Abdel Aziz, Fatma M M Badr El Dine, Nourhan M M Saeed
INTRODUCTION: Identification of sex and ethnicity has always been a challenge in the fields of forensic medicine and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However, since they cannot always be used, it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. AIM OF THE WORK: Is to study the pattern of lip print in Egyptian and Malaysian populations and its relation to sex and populations difference...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Min-Zhu Zhao, Yong-Guo Li, Peng Zhang, Jin-Cheng Xiong, Shi-Sheng Zhu, Xuan Xiao, Jian-Bo Li
In forensic medicine, the diagnosis of death due to neurogenic shock is considered to be an aporia, as lacking objective indicators and presenting atypical symptoms in autopsy. Medico-legal disputes and complaints occasionally result from this ambiguity. To explore potential objective indicators of neurogenic shock, we set up a model of neurogenic shock by applying an external mechanical force on the carotid sinus baroreceptor in rabbits. The serum atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) level was measured by radioimmunoassay in the control group (n = 8), survival group (n = 15) and death group (n = 5) both before and after the insult...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Kazutaka Yamada, Fumio Sato, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Tohru Higuchi, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi, Naoki Sasaki, Yasuo Nambo
Autopsy imaging (Ai), postmortem imaging before necropsy, is used in human forensic medicine. Ai was performed using computed tomography (CT) for a 1-month-old Thoroughbred foal cadaver found in a pasture. CT revealed pericardial effusion, collapse of the aorta, bleeding in the lung lobe, gas in the ventricles and liver parenchyma, and distension of the digestive tract. Rupture in the left auricle was confirmed by necropsy; however, it was not depicted on CT. Therefore, Ai and conventional necropsy are considered to complement each other...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
M Kobek, R Skowronek, C Jabłoński, Z Jankowski, A Pałasz
On 28 January 2003 snow avalanche in the Polish Tatras happened, in which 8 people died and 5 were injured. We tried to determine cause and manner of death in 6 fatal victims instead of advanced late post mortem changes in internal organs. Taking into consideration the circumstances of death, we paid special attention to histopathological examination of lungs, extended by Gomori's and AZAN staining. Pattern of the changes was similar to those observed in forensic medicine in cases of asphyxia due to airway obstruction and/or immobilization of chest and abdomen (Perthes' syndrome)...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Sofie Lindgren Christiansen, Christin Løth Hertz, Laura Ferrero-Miliani, Morten Dahl, Peter Ejvin Weeke, LuCamp, Gyda Lolk Ottesen, Rune Frank-Hansen, Henning Bundgaard, Niels Morling
In forensic medicine, one-third of the sudden deaths remain unexplained after medico-legal autopsy. A major proportion of these sudden unexplained deaths (SUD) are considered to be caused by inherited cardiac diseases. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) may be the first manifestation of these diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the yield of next-generation sequencing of genes associated with SCD in a cohort of SUD victims. We investigated 100 genes associated with cardiac diseases in 61 young (1-50 years) SUD cases...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Elham Bazmi, Behnam Behnoush, Maryam Akhgari, Leila Bahmanabadi
OBJECTIVE: Benzodiazepines are frequently screened drugs in emergency toxicology, drugs of abuse testing, and in forensic cases. As the variations of benzodiazepines concentrations in biological samples during bleeding, postmortem changes, and redistribution could be biasing forensic medicine examinations, hence selecting a suitable sample and a validated accurate method is essential for the quantitative analysis of these main drug categories. The aim of this study was to develop a valid method for the determination of four benzodiazepines (flurazepam, lorazepam, alprazolam, and diazepam) in vitreous humor using liquid-liquid extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
H Dokgöz, M Yılmaz, N Türkmen, E Özer, M A Sungur, R Yılmaz
Objectives: This investigation was performed to determine opinions of forensic medicine specialists about concept of death. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional and qualitative study was performed on 103 forensic medicine specialists who consented to participate in the study between 2011-2012. Data were recruited during face-to-face interviews and via e-mail. Results: Forensic medicine specialists participated in this study were mostly (74...
January 26, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
E Z Epsi, M Khalil, S Mannan, M S Azam, Z Ahmed, S Farjan, A Kabir, I Ara, S Ajmery, U K Zaman, S Amin
Now a days, benign prostatic hyperplasia and carcinoma of the prostate are the most common disorders in men. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in Department of Anatomy, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh to find out the difference in weight of the prostate gland of Bangladeshi people in relation to age. The present study was performed on 67 postmortem human prostate gland collected from the morgue in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College by non random purposive sampling technique...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
İbrahim Üzün, Erdinç Özdemir, İpek Esen Melez, Deniz Oğuzhan Melez, Adem Akçakaya
BACKGROUND: General surgery is one of the branches in which the distinction between complication and malpractice is difficult to distinguish. In this study, presentation of the main forensic medical parameters considered for the evaluation of medical malpractice in cases of general surgery deaths in which medical malpractice has been alleged and discussing related concepts through the literature are aimed. METHODS: Allegations of medical malpractice against general surgery physicians sent to the First Forensic Expertise Board of the Council of Forensic Medicine between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 for which the relation of casuality between medical malpractice and death had been determined were retrospectively evaluated...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
B Palmieri, B Nardo, G Lippi, L Palmieri, M Vadalà, C Laurino
Dogs'smell ability is about 10000-100000 more developed than humans' one. Dogs smell is usually exploited in forensic medicine, to find missing people and specific substances showing peculiar sensorial features. In clinic, there is the possibility to take advantage of dogs smell, which are conveniently trained, for the screening of cancers and other diseases. The common feature is the presence of molecules in organic samples that may be considered as biomarkers of a specific pathology. In cancer, scientific evidences exist about screening of melanoma, lung, breast, rectum, ovarian, prostate and bladder cancer...
July 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
Gábor Forrai, Éva Ambrózay, Mária Bidlek, Katalin Borbély, Eszter Kovács, Zsolt Lengyel, Katalin Ormándi, Zoltán Péntek, Erika Riedl, Éva Sebõ, Éva Szabó
Breast radiologists and nuclear medical specialists have refreshed their previous statement text during the 3rd Hungarian Breast Cancer Consensus Meeting. They suggest taking into consideration this actual protocol for the screening, diagnostics and treatment of breast tumors, from now on. This recommendation includes the description of the newest technologies, the recent results of scientific research, as well as the role of imaging methods in the therapeutic processes and the follow-up. Suggestions for improvement of the Hungarian current practice and other related issues as forensic medicine, media connections, regulations, and reimbursement are also detailed...
September 2016: Magyar Onkologia
N Apaydin, S Çomoğlu, Y Özer, H Avci, H Eş, K S Orhan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate rhinology-related malpractice claims with the aim of optimising safe practice. METHODS: The database of the National Institute of Forensic Medicine was reviewed. In total, 241 otorhinolaryngology malpractice case reports dating from 2005 to 2012 were evaluated, and 83 malpractice cases related to rhinology treatments were separated. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the number of male (n = 42) and female (n = 41) claimants...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Torsten Malm, Åsa Sandgren Åkerman, Jesper Greby, Björn Odö, Bengt-Åke Henriksson
BACKGROUND: A department of forensic medicine (DFM) can be a valuable source for tissue donation, but logistics can prove difficult to overcome as it pertains to obtaining tissues for donation. This article describes the potential of tissues that can be procured for transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sweden has 9.7 million inhabitants, with an annual mortality rate of 90 000 and 5500 medicolegal autopsies per year. Cooperation between tissue banking and 2 DFMs began in the mid-1980s...
August 28, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
Verena Blaas, Johannes Manhart, Andreas Büttner
Self-inflicted injuries and their differentiation from inflicted injuries may have severe legal implications. The detection of these injuries is an important task in clinical forensic medicine. We present two cases of skin discolorations caused by using make-up and suction of the skin which have only rarely been reported. In the first case a 19-year-old woman asserted she was punched against her left clavicle and her right eye by a perpetrator, and that during the following forced sexual intercourse she had been bitten on the neck...
August 27, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin
P.A. Minakov was the well-known forensic medical expert and anthropologist. He headed the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Moscow State University in 1900--1911, 1917--1931. P.A. Minakov founded the Institute of Forensic Medicine in the Second Moscow Medical Institute and was the founder of forensic medical stomatology in this country.
May 2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
V A Fetisov, A A Gusarov, T A Kuprina
The objective of the present study was to analyze the results of research reported in the theses for the degree in "forensic medicine" defended in different dissertation committees during the 5 year period (from 2010 till 2014) and to summarize and compartmentalize the main research areas in which the authors carried out their study and thereby make the data obtained more readily available for the wide circles of readers. A total of 55 theses for the scientific degree in "forensic medicine" (14.03.05) were defended during the period from 2010 till 2014 including 18 (32...
May 2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
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