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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527476/forensic-medicine-and-the-military-population-international-dental-records-and-personal-identification-concerns
#1
Maria Inês Guimarães, Augusta Silveira, Teresa Sequeira, Joaquim Gonçalves, Maria José Carneiro Sousa, Aurora Valenzuela
INTRODUCTION: The first goal of this research was to perceive the global commitment towards the organization and archiving of dental records and to compare it with each country's security risk rating. The second one was to study dental records in a sample of the Portuguese military population, using the available national dental records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An e-mail was sent to representative dentistry associations in several countries, requesting some information concerning the professionals' awareness of this issue...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521790/unintentional-drowning-role-of-medicinal-drugs-and-alcohol
#2
Tuulia Pajunen, Erkki Vuori, Frank F Vincenzi, Pirjo Lillsunde, Gordon Smith, Philippe Lunetta
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a well-known risk factor in unintentional drownings. Whereas psychotropic drugs, like alcohol, may cause psychomotor impairment and affect cognition, no detailed studies have focused on their association with drowning. Finland provides extensive post-mortem toxicological data for studies on drowning because of its high medico-legal autopsy rates. METHODS: Drowning cases, 2000 through 2009, for which post-mortem toxicological analysis was performed, came from the database of the Toxicological Laboratory, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, using the ICD-10 nature-of-injury code T75...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507860/aging-and-sexual-differences-of-the-human-skull
#3
Luiz Eduardo Toledo Avelar, Márcio Alberto Cardoso, Leonardo Santos Bordoni, Lorena de Miranda Avelar, João Victor de Miranda Avelar
BACKGROUND: The aging process of the face comprises all layers: skin, subcutaneous fat, muscles, and skeleton, and the signs of aging depend mainly on which layer is mostly affected. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aging facial skeleton, as well as establish the sexual differences, areas with a strong predisposition to resorption, and aesthetic repercussion for better treatment approach. METHODS: Skulls from the Forensic Anthropology Department of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were classified according to gender and age group (i...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502428/non-proximate-mass-spectrometry-using-a-heated-1-m-long-ptfe-tube-and-an-air-tight-apci-ion-source
#4
Dilshadbek T Usmanov, Kenzo Hiraoka, Hiroshi Wada, Masaya Matsumura, Sachiyo Sanada-Morimura, Hiroshi Nonami, Shinichi Yamabe
Direct and rapid trace-level gas analysis is highly needed in various fields such as safety and security, quality control, food analysis, and forensic medicine. In many cases, the real samples are bulky and are not accessible to the space-limited ion source of the mass spectrometer. In order to circumvent this problem, we developed an airtight atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI) ion source equipped with a flexible 1-m-long, 2-mm-i.d. PTFE sniffing tube. The ambient air bearing sample gas was sucked into the heated PTFE tube (130 °C) and was transported to the air-tight ion source without using any extra pumping system or a Venturi device...
June 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500879/role-of-forensic-medicine-in-evaluating-non-fatal-physical-violence-against-women-by-their-husbands-in-jordan
#5
Hasan Abedr-Rahman, Hafsah Omar Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Laith I Alabdallat, Imad M Al-Abdallat
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence against women is a major health problem in most nations, but to date, there has been little awareness of the extent or seriousness of this issue in Jordan. Forensic medical practitioners play a significant role in diagnosing, evaluating and reporting these cases. The Jordanian judicial system is dependent on forensic reports. This study aims to assess the role of forensic medicine in evaluating the physical injuries sustained by women who are abused by their husbands...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500353/estimation-of-postmortem-interval-by-vitreous-potassium-evaluation-with-a-novel-fluorescence-aptasensor
#6
Yanjun Ding, Xingmei Li, Yadong Guo, Weicheng Duan, Jiang Ling, Lagabaiyla Zha, Jie Yan, Ying Zou, Jifeng Cai
Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is a central role in medico-legal identification. Analysis of vitreous potassium ions (K(+)) concentration is frequently used by forensic workers to estimate PMI. This paper describes interdisciplinary research to introduce fluorescence sensing techniques into forensic medicine. On the basis of silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) probe stabilized by DNA, a simple and highly sensitive fluorescence aptasensor has been proposed to selectively detect K(+) ions. The linear range for K(+) ions was found to be 0...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499667/insight-into-the-incidence-of-acute-aortic-dissection-in-the-german-region-of-berlin-and-brandenburg
#7
S D Kurz, V Falk, J Kempfert, M Gieb, T M Ruschinski, M Kukucka, M Tsokos, H Grubitzsch, H Herbst, J Semmler, C Buschmann
BACKGROUND: Stanford acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is a potentially lethal condition. Epidemiology studies show a statistical incidence in Europe of approximately 2-16 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year. In Germany, the estimated incidence (here subsumed under "thoracic aortic dissection" with 4.63 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year) is mainly extracted from medical death certificates by the German Federal Statistical Office. The prehospital incidence of ATAAD deaths is largely unknown...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498136/gunshot-wound-in-an-18-year-old-woman-inflicted-with-a-hunting-weapon-through-an-obstacle-mobile-phone-reconstruction-of-events
#8
Anna Smędra, Przemysław Sidelnik, Wojciech Goryca, Jarosław Berent
The article presents a case of an 18-year-old woman wounded by a shot fired from a distance with a hunting weapon. Because the location of the entrance and exit wounds initially seemed inconsistent with the reports (both wounds were described as "large and irregular in shape") and no photographs documenting the inflicted injuries were taken, the case was referred for an opinion to the Department of Forensic Medicine in Lodz. After a review of the medical records, radiology, the victim's clothing, and performance of an experiment using the gun and ammunition, it was established that the entrance wound was located on the abdomen, and the exit wound was located on the buttock...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475950/calling-for-advice-aspects-of-telephonic-consultation-in-post-mortem-examinations
#9
L J H Smits, T Dorn, K Bakker, U J L Reijnders
INTRODUCTION: Research on telephonic consultation in forensic medicine is scarce. This study aimed to create insight in different aspects of telephonic consultation in post-mortem examinations. Besides, the accuracy of advice given by forensic physicians and associations between accuracy and characteristics of forensic physicians were evaluated. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study was conducted. Data were obtained from the electronic information system used by the department of forensic medicine in Amsterdam...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473853/3d-evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-using-computed-tomography-a-sexual-dimorphic-study
#10
Balaji Babu Bangi, Uday Ginjupally, Lakshmi Kavitha Nadendla, Bhavana Vadla
Purpose. Gender determination is considered to be an important step in the reconstruction of the biological profile in forensic medicine. Maxillary sinus can be used for identification of sex when other methods are indecisive. Computed tomography (CT) provides an excellent method for examining maxillary sinuses. Hence the aim of the study was to determine the accuracy of gender determination using maxillary sinus with CT. Materials and Methods. CT images were used to measure the mediolateral, superoinferior, and anteroposterior dimensions and the volume of the maxillary sinuses in 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) to determine the gender of an individual for forensic identification...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453993/sexual-violence-interventions-considerations-for-humanitarian-settings
#11
David Wells
Sexual and gender based violence may result in a range of destructive consequences to the individual, their family and the wider community. Addressing such violence and its immediate aftermath in circumstances of civil turmoil requires a timely, planned and coordinated multidisciplinary response. Such interventions need to be cognisant of, and address a range of challenges which might include economic barriers, religious and cultural divides, a dearth of respect for human rights and limited access or capacity of medical, policing and legal services...
April 14, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439695/usefulness-of-telomere-length-in-dna-from-human-teeth-for-age-estimation
#12
Ana Belén Márquez-Ruiz, Lucas González-Herrera, Aurora Valenzuela
Age estimation is widely used to identify individuals in forensic medicine. However, the accuracy of the most commonly used procedures is markedly reduced in adulthood, and these methods cannot be applied in practice when morphological information is limited. Molecular methods for age estimation have been extensively developed in the last few years. The fact that telomeres shorten at each round of cell division has led to the hypothesis that telomere length can be used as a tool to predict age. The present study thus aimed to assess the correlation between telomere length measured in dental DNA and age, and the effect of sex and tooth type on telomere length; a further aim was to propose a statistical regression model to estimate the biological age based on telomere length...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431271/investigation-of-pathology-malpractice-claims-in-china-from-2002-2015
#13
Yuan Li, Dong Gao, Meng Tu, Ying-Zhen Luo, Zhen-Hua Deng
OBJECTIVE: To examine pathology-related medical claims in China and identify the most common errors to result in such claims. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed of 71 forensic evaluation reports carried out in two Chinese institutes of forensic medicine between 2002 and 2015 due to suspicion of medical malpractice. The judicial outcomes of each case were also reviewed when available. RESULTS: Of 71 cases, 54 cases had judicial outcomes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425888/-satisfa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-com-o-internato-m%C3%A3-dico-em-portugal
#14
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Pedro Godinho, Nuno Gaibino, Raquel Dias, Agostinho Sousa, Inês Madanelo, Francisco Ribeiro-Mourão, Mariana Brandão, Sónia Duarte, Tiago Meirinhos, Ana Luísa Catarino, Cláudio Espírito Santo, Ricardo Caiado, Ricardo Marques, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Carlos Ramalheira, João Valente Jorge, Marta Losada, Mário Santos, Edson Oliveira, João Paulo Farias, José Manuel Silva
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, the global context of medical education and Medical Residency programs in Portugal suffered substantial changes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and characterize medical residents ́ satisfaction with medical residency programs in Portugal and to identify features that could be improved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We utilized as model the survey Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure that has been developed in the United Kingdom and is speci cally targeted to medical residents...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419893/carbon-monoxide-related-fatalities-a-60-year-single-institution-experience
#15
Martin Janík, Michaela Ublová, Štepánka Kučerová, Petr Hejna
OBJECTIVE: Though carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings account currently for a relatively small percentage of total non-natural deaths in Europe, they represent a serious public health burden and significant component of avoidable mortality in many countries. Our aim was to investigate long-term trends and to determine epidemiologic characteristics of the CO-related deaths in the Czech Republic, recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové. METHODS: This was an autopsy-based single-centre retrospective cohort study of all fatalities caused by CO poisoning over six decades (1947-2006)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418938/a-study-on-postmortem-wound-dating-by-gross-and-histopathological-examination-of-abrasions
#16
Javaregowda Vinay, Sathyanarayana Harish, Gouri S R Mangala, Basappa S Hugar
INTRODUCTION: Abrasions are the most common blunt force injuries. The precise dating of injury is extremely important in forensic medicine practice. As we know, the wound healing occurs in well-orchestrated sequence, consisting of inflammation, proliferation, and maturation.A study of occurrence of such phases will help in understanding the sequence of events in wound healing. In this context, this study of wound dating from gross and microscopic level was taken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Postmortem study of wound dating by gross and histopathological examination of abrasions was carried out in the Department of Forensic Medicine, in M...
June 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391742/the-use-of-human-samples-obtained-during-medicolegal-autopsies-in-research-an-introduction-to-current-conditions-and-initiatives-in-japan
#17
Takako Tsujimura-Ito, Yusuke Inoue, Kaori Muto, Ken-Ichi Yoshida
Background Leftover samples obtained during autopsies are extremely important basic materials for forensic research. However, there are no established practices for research-related use of obtained samples. Objective This study discusses good practice for the secondary use of samples collected during medicolegal autopsies. Methods A questionnaire was posted to all 76 departments of forensic medicine performing medicolegal autopsies in Japan, and 48 responses were received (response rate: 63.2%). As a secondary analysis, we surveyed information provided on department websites...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383611/training-in-occupational-medicine-jurisprudential-malfunctions-in-the-italian-system-and-european-perspectives
#18
L Cegolon, W C Heymann, C Xodo, J H Lange
BACKGROUND: To practice occupational health in Europe, a medical doctor must qualify in occupational medicine. This requires a period of postgraduate specialist medical training lasting a minimum of four years, in conformity with European regulations, to obtain a certificate of completion of training which is then mutually recognized within the entire European Union. DISCUSSION: In 2002 an Italian law allowed doctors specialized in public health medicine and legal/forensic medicine to also practice as consultants in occupational medicine in the country...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362021/sexual-dimorphism-in-base-of-skull
#19
Anabel Amores-Ampuero
Sex determination is an important task in forensic medicine and physical anthropology. The aims of this study were to assess the presence of sexual dimorphism in the base of the skull and to compare the accuracy of sex estimation by this method with that achieved in other metric studies of this region. The sample comprised 109 individuals (53 males and 56 females) of known sex, age, and cause of death from San José cemetery in Granada (Spain). Six dimensions were analyzed and discriminant function analysis was performed...
January 26, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342827/foreign-citizen-mortality-in-iceland-january-2006-december-2016
#20
S N Kunz, R Bingert
BACKGROUND: In recent years, tourism has become the number one account for foreign exchange income in Iceland, overtaking the fisheries industry and aluminium production. The rise of tourism has strongly affected Icelandic society in various sectors. With the increase of tourists visiting Iceland, the number of foreign citizens that died and were autopsied also rose. METHOD: Data were collected from the Department of Forensic Pathology at Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik for the period January 2006 - December 2016...
March 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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