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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295603/rapid-abo-genotyping-by-high-speed-droplet-allele-specific-pcr-using-crude-samples
#1
Chiaki Taira, Kazuyuki Matsuda, Naoya Takeichi, Satomi Furukawa, Mitsutoshi Sugano, Takeshi Uehara, Nobuo Okumura, Takayuki Honda
BACKGROUND: ABO genotyping has common tools for personal identification of forensic and transplantation field. We developed a new method based on a droplet allele-specific PCR (droplet-AS-PCR) that enabled rapid PCR amplification. We attempted rapid ABO genotyping using crude DNA isolated from dried blood and buccal cells. METHODS: We designed allele-specific primers for three SNPs (at nucleotides 261, 526, and 803) in exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene. We pretreated dried blood and buccal cells with proteinase K, and obtained crude DNAs without DNA purification...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295575/definition-and-assessment-of-disability-in-mental-disorders-under-the-perspective-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#2
Michael Linden
This article provides an overview of definitions and assessment instruments of disability, an important topic in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic illnesses, and in expert appraisals in social and forensic medicine. Health problems are manifested not only in symptoms, but also regularly in impairment or disability in everyday life, which is especially true for mental disorders. According to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization, disability can be understood as chronic suffering from symptoms of illness, or limitations of executing capacities, or inability to participate in selected areas of life...
March 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260754/anthropometric-study-of-face-on-bangladeshi-adult-garo-male
#3
A Kabir, M Khalil, S Z Sultana, S Choudhury, S Farjan, Z Ahmed, S Ajmery, E Z Epsi, R S Zisa, M Ismatsara
The present cross sectional descriptive type of study provides a standard for Bangladeshi Garo male regarding physiognomical face height, morphological face height and maximum facial breadth in Mymensingh Sadar, Haluaghat, Madhuopor Upazilas from July 2015 to June 2016. An attempt has been made out to find out correlation of stature with the parameters and to measure different face index. The current study also generates different face types on the basis of morphological face index. The study was done on 121 Garo male between 25-45 years of age in Bangladesh...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255632/population-based-autopsy-study-of-traumatic-fatalities
#4
S Saar, A Lomp, J Laos, V Mihnovitš, R Šalkauskas, T Lustenberger, M Väli, U Lepner, P Talving
BACKGROUND: Injuries result in 5.8 million global fatalities annually and are the leading cause of death in younger individuals. Nevertheless, population-based autopsy investigations on traumatic deaths are scarce. We set out to study all consecutive autopsies on traumatic fatalities performed in a 5-year time segment in Estonia. METHODS: After the ethics review board approval, all consecutive autopsies after blunt or penetrating deaths occurring in prehospital or in-hospital settings between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed using the National Forensic Medicine Database...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252619/-the-problems-of-professional-competence-in-the-complementary-professional-forensic-medical-expertise-programs-of-advanced-training-and-professional-requalification
#5
A B Shadymov, S A Fominykh, V P Dik
This article reports the results of the analysis of the new tendencies and normatives of the working legislation in the field of additional professional education in the speciality of «forensic medical expertise» and the application of the competency-based approach to the training of specialists in the framework of professional requalification and advanced training programs. Special attention is given to the problems of organization of the educational process and the elaboration of additional training programs based on the competency approach to the training of specialists at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Law with the professor V...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245001/fatal-accidents-at-work-in-agriculture-associated-with-alcohol-intoxication-in-lower-silesia-in-poland
#6
Tomasz Jurek, Marta Rorat
BACKGROUND: Determining the prevalence of alcohol intoxication and the level of intoxication in victims of fatal occupational accidents is necessary to improve work safety. The circumstances of the accident and the time between alcohol consumption and death are important factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 18 935 medico-legal autopsy reports and toxicological reports performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland, in the years 1991-2014...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230653/suicides-by-jumping-off-istanbul-bridges-linking-asia-and-europe
#7
Ayşe Yurtseven, İbrahim Üzün, Murat Nihat Arslan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the injury spectrum and characteristics of people who committed suicide by jumping into water from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridges in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: This study included all of the jumpers from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge who were autopsied by the Council of Forensic Medicine, Istanbul Morgue Department, between 2000 and 2013. All of the data were collected from archived case files...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217303/three-years-evaluation-of-retained-foreign-bodies-after-surgery-in-iran
#8
Mohammad Zarenezhad, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Arya Hedjazi, Kamran Soltani, Jaber Gharehdaghi, Masoud Ghadipasha, Seyyed Mohammad Vahid Hosseini, Ahmad Zare
BACKGROUND: Medical errors such as retained foreign bodies (RFB) during surgery are not well studied. To define risk factors associated with this type of error, we performed retrospective study. METHODS: We reviewed medical records for unintentional foreign object remaining in the body during surgery such as gender, age, surgery ward, and incident reports referred to several forensic medicine administrations as well as adverse effects of retained foreign bodies and methods for detection of them over a 3-years period from January 2008 through May 2011...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215933/gender-determination-from-diagnostic-factors-on-anteroposterior-pelvic-radiographs
#9
Azadeh Memarian, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Foroozan Fares
BACKGROUND: Gender determination from skeletal remains is one of the primary factors in forensic medicine. This study aimed to identify the gender of patients referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital of Tehran using anteroposterior pelvic radiography. METHODS: A total of 200 patients (100 male and 100 female) referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital for anteroposterior pelvic radiography during 2013-2014 were included in this study...
March 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212679/histopathological-study-of-cardiac-lesions-in-methamphetamine-poisoning-related-deaths
#10
Maryam Akhgari, Homeira Mobaraki, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine abuse is a worldwide health concern. Methamphetamine causes health hazards in many vital organs. It can cause damage to cardiac tissue via catecholamines release. Methamphetamine related deaths are becoming one of the most important problems in Iran. The purpose of the present study was to determine cardiac pathology in methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths. METHODS: The study included 100 cases of methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths and 100 cases as control group...
February 17, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204902/-medical-rehabilitation-from-a%C3%A2-lifespan-perspective
#11
Michael Linden, Sebastian Bernert, Ariane Funke, Karsten E Dreinhöfer, Michael Jöbges, Ernst von Kardorff, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Karla Spyra, Heinz Völler, Petra Warschburger, Pia-Maria Wippert
Lifespan research investigates the development of individuals over the course of life. As medical rehabilitation deals with primary and secondary prophylaxis, treatment, and compensation of chronic illnesses, a lifespan perspective is needed for the classification and diagnosis of chronic disorders, the assessment of course modifying factors, the identification of vulnerable life periods and critical incidents, the implementation of preventive measures, the development of methods for the evaluation of prior treatments, the selection and prioritization of interventions, including specialized inpatient rehabilitation, the coordination of therapies and therapists, and for evaluations in social and forensic medicine...
February 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197028/gross-morphological-study-of-the-renal-pelvicalyceal-patterns-in-human-cadaveric-kidneys
#12
T S R Anjana, Elangovan Muthian, Sivakami Thiagarajan, Sumathi Shanmugam
INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of detailed calyceal anatomy is essential for performing urologic procedures such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy, percutaneous nephrostomy, flexible ureterorenoscopy, endopyelotomy, and retrograde renal surgery. This study was performed to analyze the various patterns of pelvicalyceal system in the South Indian population, and compare these with previously published studies in different populations. METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 kidney specimens...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#13
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164539/post-mortem-identification-of-a-fire-carbonized-body-by-str-genotyping
#14
Raluca Dumache, Camelia Muresan, Veronica Ciocan, Alexandru F Rogobete, Alexandra Enache
BACKGROUND: Identification of bodies of unknown identity that are victims of exposure to very high temperatures, resulting from fires, plane crashes, and terrorist attacks, represents one of the most difficult sides of forensic genetics, because of the advanced state of decomposition. The aim of this study was the identification of the carbonized cadaver of a fire victim through STR genotyping. METHODS: We used blood samples obtained from the iliac artery during the autopsy examination as biological samples from the unidentified victim...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139940/mitochondrial-dna-control-region-sequences-may-differentiate-yanbian-koreans-in-china-from-other-asian-populations
#15
Xiao-Na Li, Ji-Long Zheng, Jun Yao, Yue Dong, Zhang-Sen Shi, Bao-Jie Wang
BACKGROUND: Sequence polymorphisms of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are valuable in forensic medicine and anthropological genetics. AIM: We investigated the mtDNA control region sequences in 295 unrelated individuals living in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in the People's Republic of China. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: DNA was extracted from blood stained filter papers. Hypervariable regions of the mtDNA control region (HVI and HVII) were amplified and sequenced...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123278/cementum-as-an-age-determinant-a-forensic-view
#16
Godishala Swamy Sugunakar Raju, Muddana Keerthi, Surapaneni Rateesh Kumar Nandan, Thokala Madhusudan Rao, Pavan G Kulkarni, Dorankula Shyam Prasad Reddy
CONTEXT: Forensic age estimation (FAE) defines an expertise in forensic medicine, which aims to define in the most accurate way to determine the unknown chronological age of the person involved in judicial or legal proceedings. Dental cementum is a vital tissue which demonstrates continuous apposition throughout the life of the tooth. This appositional changes of cementum helps in approximation of age inforensic investigations. AIMS: To correlate age by measuring the overlap or coronal migration of thecementum at thecementoenamel junction (CEJ) and the thickness of the cementum at the apical third of the root...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123275/role-of-forensic-odontology-in-the-indian-armed-forces-an-unexplored-arena
#17
REVIEW
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122286/does-the-forensic-physician-have-a-role-beyond-injury-documentation-and-specimen-collection-in-australia-a-personal-view
#18
John A M Gall
Clinical forensic medicine (CFM), as a single discipline, encompasses a number of areas of medico-legal practice including injury interpretation, management of sexual and physical assault cases (both adult and child; alleged victim and offender), mental health issues, traffic medicine, custodial medicine and toxicology. The cases are usually alive but in some jurisdictions the forensic practitioner also engages in death investigation with some undertaking autopsies. During the last 20-30 years, the discipline has fragmented with areas being hived off to other medical specialist disciplines and, importantly, to nurses...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096870/the-economic-crisis-in-greece-and-its-impact-on-the-seasonality-of-suicides-in-the-athens-greater-area
#19
Christos Christodoulou, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Maria Gkerekou, Antonios Paraschakis, Filippos Koutsaftis, Athanassios Douzenis
OBJECTIVE: The economic crisis and the implementation of austerity measures in Greece lead to significant socioeconomic changes. The effects of the crisis were mainly felt by the Greek population during the years 2011 and 2012. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Greece's economic crisis on the seasonality of suicides in the Athens Greater Area. METHODS: Data were collected for all recorded cases of suicides committed over a 5-year period (from 2008 to 2012) from the Athens Department of Forensic Medicine...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091758/-deaths-from-propofol-abuse-survey-of-institutes-of-forensic-medicine-in-germany-austria-and-switzerland
#20
C Maier, J Iwunna, M Tsokos, F Mußhoff
Previous references suggesting a high mortality of propofol addiction in medical personnel were mostly based on surveys of the heads of medical departments or case reports; therefore, a questionnaire was sent to 48 forensic medicine departments in Germany, Austria and Switzerland concerning the number of autopsies carried out between 2002-2112 on medical personnel with the suspicion of abuse of propofol or other analgesics. The response rate was 67%. In 16 out of the 32 responding departments 39 deaths (27 males) were observed with previous connections to anesthesiology, intensive care or emergency departments of which 22 were physicians, 13 nurses, 2 other personnel and 2 were unknown...
February 2017: Der Anaesthesist
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