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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453168/spatial-temporal-cluster-analysis-of-mortality-from-road-traffic-injuries-using-geographic-information-systems-in-west-of-iran-during-2009-2014
#1
Alireza Zangeneh, Farid Najafi, Saeed Karimi, Shahram Saeidi, Neda Izadi
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are considered as one of the most important health problems endangering people's life. The examination of the geographical distribution of RTIs could help policymakers in better planning to reduce RTIs. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the spatial-temporal clustering of mortality from RTIs in West of Iran. METHODS: Deaths from RTIs, registered in Forensic Medicine Organization of Kermanshah province over a period of six years (2009-2014), were used...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442389/children-detained-in-french-police-cells
#2
Dorothée Fablet, Patrick Chariot
AIM: Police custody is detention in response to a suspicion of crime. In France, until the age of 13, pre-trial detention and police custody are not allowed. We aimed to evaluate the practical implementation of police detention of children aged between 10 and 12 years and describe the medical characteristics and history, perceived health status and opinion on custody of the potentially affected children. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in a French reference regional department of forensic medicine at the time of medical examination in police cells among arrestees younger than 13 years old examined over a 5-year period (1 January 2011-31 December 2015)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441771/-determination-of-1-methylhydantoin-concentration-in-blood-by-gc-ms-method-and-its-application-in-forensic-medicine
#3
L N Gao, H Y Yuan, E Y Xu, J T Liu
OBJECTIVES: To establish a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis method for quantifying 1-methylhydantoin concentration in whole blood. To provide technical support to forensic identification related cases of 1-methylhydantoin. METHODS: As an internal standard, 500 ng SKF 525A was added to 0.5 mL blood sample, and then 2 mL 0.01 mol/L dilute hydrochloric acid and 0.5 g ammonium carbonate were added in order to buffer the pH value to 9, and following 2 mL ethyl acetate...
December 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434280/identification-and-documentation-of-auricle-defects-using-three-dimensional-optical-measurements
#4
Guomin Zhan, Liya Han, Zhongwei Li, Zilong Liu, Jiaqi Fu, Kai Zhong
Auricle defects are important and common occurrences in forensic medicine. The accurate measurement and assessment of auricle defects is key to identifying and evaluating injury, and the currently available methods are known to be labor intensive and inaccurate. In this paper, we introduce an identification and documentation of auricle defects solution, which consists of an optical three-dimensional (3D) method and an effective algorithm to calculate the maximum projection area and identify auricle defects...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427705/dismantling-the-justice-silos-flowcharting-the-role-and-expertise-of-forensic-science-forensic-medicine-and-allied-health-in-adult-sexual-assault-investigations
#5
Sally F Kelty, Roberta Julian, Eva Bruenisholz, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425751/aggression-using-a-knife-or-other-sharp-instruments-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-incidence-risk-factors-and-epidemiologic-trends
#6
Luzia Michelle Santos, Italo M Bernardino, Alysson Vinicius Ferreira Porto, Kevan Guilherme Nórbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to characterize the profile of victims of interpersonal physical violence (IPV) caused by a knife or other sharp instrument, identify the factors associated with maxillofacial trauma, and examine the incidence of maxillofacial trauma over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 569 medicolegal and social records of IPV victims by knife or other sharp instruments treated at a forensic medicine and dentistry center in Brazil during a 4-year consecutive period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423777/pandora-s-box
#7
Dominic Gascho, Stephan A Bolliger, Markus Enders, Michael J Thali, Barbara Fliss
Suitcases or other containers are occasionally involved in forensic investigations. If there is a suspicion that human remains are hidden inside such a container, medico-legal examinations are required. However, these containers are occasionally locked. Forced opening of a locked suitcase or container may cause damage to its contents. Additionally, the safety of the investigator has to be considered as such containers may be booby-trapped or contain other hazardous material. An overview of the contents before opening is desirable in order to avoid the possibility of encountering a Pandora's box...
February 8, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412417/factors-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-confirmation-at-forensic-examinations
#8
Welington Dos Santos Silva, Filipe Moraes Ribeiro, Gabriel Kamei Guimarães, Matheus de Sá Dos Santos, Victor Porfírio Dos Santos Almeida, Ubirajara de Oliveira Barroso-Junior
The aim of this study is identify potential factors associated with child sexual abuse confirmation at forensic examinations. The forensic files of children under 12 years of age reporting sexual abuse at the Nina Rodrigues Institute of Forensic Medicine in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with finding evidence of sexual abuse in forensic examinations. The proportion of cases confirmed by the forensic physician based on material evidence was 10...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405194/-the-significance-of-student-competitions-for-the-development-of-motivation-for-education-and-the-acquisition-of-professional-competences-in-the-students-the-department-of-forensic-medical-expertise-of-the-sechenovsky-university
#9
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, E N Leonova
Russia joined the Bologna process in 2003 and since that time has become integrated into the unified European educational space. The key element of the new form of the higher education process is the self-guided unsupervised work of the students. Motivation is needed to promote the involvement of the students in the educational process which implies the necessity of the goal-oriented initiative for the acquisition of professional knowledge and practical experience in the field of forensic medicine. To achieve this goal, the Department of Forensic Medicine of I...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405181/-the-synopsis-of-results-of-the-20-year-activities-of-the-department-of-forensic-medicine-i-m-sechenov-first-moscow-state-medical-university-sechenovsky-university
#10
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, G V Zolotenkova, M A Shilova, I A Dubrovin, E N Leonova, A V Khodulapov
The present article was designed to summarize the results of the 20 year scientific, practical, and educational activities of the Department of Forensic Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenovsky University). The main directions of the research work and achievements of the Department's staff are described, and the prospects for its further development are highlighted. The new approaches to and technologies for the teaching and training specialists in forensic medicine are introduced to meet the novel requirements imposed in the framework of the ongoing reform of higher medical education in accordance with the main principles of the Bologna declaration...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405180/-on-the-occasion-of-the-200th-birthday-anniversary-of-d-e-min
#11
Yu I Pigolkin
This article is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding Russian forensic doctor and literary figure professor D.E. Min on the occasion of his 200th birthday anniversary. The assignment of D.E. Min to the position of the head of Department of the State Medical Practice at the Emperor's Moscow University coincided with the large-scale judiciary reform carried out in the country at that time which envisaged, among other innovations, the practice of questioning of an expert in the court room. The new developments in the practical expert activities required the revision of the former approaches to the education and training of forensic medical experts...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373282/-forensic-medical-examination-of-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-assault-or-intimate-partner-violence-who-do-not-complain-to-the-police-an-observational-study-in-seine-saint-denis-france
#12
Céline Denis, Céline Paret, Patrick Chariot
OBJECTIVES: to identify characteristics of victims of sexual assault or domestic violence who consulted in a Department of Forensic Medicine without a formal complaint to the police. METHODS: observational study (03/01/2014-08/31/2015) of individuals (age>15years) consulting in a Department of Forensic Medicine near Paris, France, after a sexual assault or domestic violence. Among the individuals who were examined in the department of Forensic Medicine, we compared the individuals who had not complained to the police to those who had complained to the police...
January 17, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363384/analysis-of-dental-injuries-with-clinical-implications-a-forensic-case-report
#13
Si-Lei Tan, Shu-Ya Peng, Lei Wan, Jie-Min Chen, Wen-Tao Xia
Dental injuries, especially of the incisors, caused by punches in violent criminal attacks could be seen in daily forensic casework involving the identification of injuries to a living body. Sometimes, when there is neither circumstantial evidence nor information about the surrounding circumstances, it is difficult to discern the cause of these injuries and the manner in which they were inflicted. As an example of clinical forensic medicine, we present the case of a 58-year-old woman whose teeth were injured when fighting with her son-in-law over household affairs with no witnesses present...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360448/morphological-analysis-of-corneal-findings-modifications-after-death-a-preliminary-oct-study-on-an-animal-model
#14
Matteo Nioi, Pietro Emanuele Napoli, Roberto Demontis, Emanuela Locci, Maurizio Fossarello, Ernesto d'Aloja
The aim of this work was to describe, for the first time, the morphological modifications, in a three-dimensional mode, of the central cornea at different intervals since death. The study design involved the analysis of 30 eyes (15 heads) of female, adult sheep (>2 years) sacrificed at a local slaughterhouse. The eyes, after animal decapitation, were examined in situ, without enucleation. Ocular globes were stored at well-known temperature (within a range of 12-22 °C) and humidity (within a range of 50-60%)...
January 19, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353220/quantification-of-spheno-occipital-synchondrosis-fusion-in-a-contemporary-malaysian-population
#15
Salina Hisham, Ambika Flavel, Nurliza Abdullah, Mohamad Helmee Mohamad Noor, Daniel Franklin
Timing of fusion of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) is correlated with age. Previous research, however, has demonstrated variation in the timing of closure among different global populations. The present study aims to quantify the timing of SOS fusion in Malaysian individuals as visualised in multi-detector computed tomography (CT) scans and to thereafter formulate age estimation models based on fusion status. Anonymised cranial CT scans of 336 males and 164 females, aged 5-25 years, were acquired from the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Kuala Lumpur and Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital Sultanah Aminah...
January 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352750/histomorphological-analysis-of-the-variability-of-the-human-skeleton-forensic-implications
#16
Marco Cummaudo, Annalisa Cappella, Miranda Biraghi, Caterina Raffone, Nicholas Màrquez-Grant, Cristina Cattaneo
One of the fundamental questions in forensic medicine and anthropology is whether or not a bone or bone fragment is human. Surprisingly at times for the extreme degradation of the bone (charred, old), DNA cannot be successfully performed and one must turn to other methods. Histological analysis at times can be proposed. However, the variability of a single human skeleton has never been tested. Forty-nine thin sections of long, flat, irregular and short bones were obtained from a well-preserved medieval adult human skeleton...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343872/-duties-and-liabilities-for-psychiatrists
#17
Anna Coluccia, Giulia Nucci, Alessandro Cuomo, Matteo Benvenuti, Felice Carabellese, Andrea Fagiolini, Mario Gabbrielli
This paper evaluates forensic duties and liabilities for psychiatrists, based on the current literature and based on our experience over several years of forensic medicine practice, involving both criminal and civil cases. We evaluated different scenarios, including cases of patients dangerous to themselves or others. We highlighted the importance to keep adequate and detailed clinical records, both in the inpatient and outpatient setting, given the absence of other objective items (e.g., laboratory records or other instrumental assessments) that may be of help for the judge and his/her counselors...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339839/trends-in-trauma-related-mortality-among-adolescents-a-6-year-snapshot-from-a-teaching-hospital-s-post-mortem-data
#18
Sachil Kumar, Anoop K Verma
Introduction: The aim is to explore the trends in trauma mortality in children aged 0-18 years can help to co-ordinate resources toward research and programs to reduce the burden. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out on adolescents ≤18 years of age autopsied according to the attorney request at Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India in the period from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2014...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310628/a-decade-of-road-traffic-fatalities-among-the-elderly-in-north-west-iran
#19
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Bahram Samadirad, Farnaz Moslemi
BACKGROUND: Iran has a uniquely catastrophic status for road traffic injury incidence and fatality. The elderly account for a substantial number of the hospitalizations and fatalities due to traffic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the crash mechanisms and medical outcomes of traffic fatalities among the elderly in East Azerbaijan province of Iran during the period 2006-2016. METHODS: A total of 9435 fatalities registered in East Azerbaijan forensic medicine database, Iran, during 2006-2016, were investigated...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306238/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-and-manners-of-death-a-multicenter-autopsy-study
#20
Sait Özsoy, Hacer Yaşar Teke, Hüseyin Çetin Ketenci, Ertuğrul Gök, Kenan Karbeyaz, Taner Akar, Hanife Alkurt Alkan, Mesut Akyol, Mehmet Ayhan Cöngöloğlu, Sermet Sezigen, Ahmet Zahit Dursun, Alper Özkök, Serhat Sarı
Background/aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSIB) and manners of death.Materials and methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 6604 autopsy cases evaluated at forensic medicine institutes of six major cities of Turkey. The study group consisted of all cases with NSSIB findings. The control group was created from cases without signs of NSSIB. Results: We found that the numbers of possible suicide and homicide cases in the NSSIB (+) group were significantly higher than in the NSSIB (-) group...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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