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Clinical hip replacement and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25674363/effectiveness-of-telenutrition-in-a-women-s-weight-loss-program
#1
Isaac E Kuzmar, Ernesto Cortés-Castell, Mercedes Rizo
Objective. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of telenutrition versus traditional nutritional consultations for female obese patients in need of nutritional treatment. Methods. A comparative clinical study was conducted among 233 obese or overweight women (including 20 who dropped out and 60 who failed) who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for nutritional assessment and chose either telenutrition or a traditional consultation that included a weekly follow-up consultation over 16 weeks, food consumption patterns, Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m(2)) registeration and waist and hip circumference registeration...
2015: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25369831/red-clover-isoflavones-enriched-with-formononetin-lower-serum-ldl-cholesterol-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
P B Clifton-Bligh, M-L Nery, R J Clifton-Bligh, S Visvalingam, G R Fulcher, K Byth, R Baber
BACKGROUND: Although postmenopausal combined hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of hip fracture, long-term use may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and in women more than 10 years after menopause it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Isoflavones, because of preferential binding to estrogen receptor beta, may retain the beneficial effects on bone but lessen the adverse effects on the breast. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study the effects of an isoflavone obtained from red clover (Rimostil) on bone mineral density, and on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol...
January 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25086875/revised-proposal-for-the-prevention-of-low-bone-mass-in-patients-with-classic-galactosemia
#3
Britt van Erven, Myrna M M Römers, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo
Decreased bone mass is frequently encountered in classic galactosemia, an inborn error of galactose metabolism. This decrease is most prominent in adults, but is already seen in prepubertal children with increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures later in life. Therefore, bone health in patients with classic galactosemia is increasingly monitored. Although the pathophysiological mechanism is still not fully understood, several factors could negatively affect bone metabolism in this disease. Patients are at risk of nutritional deficiencies due to the galactose-restricted diet...
2014: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24998085/prevalence-of-protein-energy-malnutrition-in-hospital-patients-over-75-years-of-age-admitted-for-hip-fracture
#4
S Drevet, C Bioteau, S Mazière, P Couturier, P Merloz, J Tonetti, G Gavazzi
INTRODUCTION: One percent of falls in over-75 years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score is presently the most effective screening tool for PEM in over-75 years old. OBJECTIVE: The principal objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence on MNA of PEM in patients aged over 75 years admitted for HF...
October 2014: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24898127/anorexia-nervosa-and-bone
#5
REVIEW
Madhusmita Misra, Anne Klibanski
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a condition of severe low weight that is associated with low bone mass, impaired bone structure, and reduced bone strength, all of which contribute to increased fracture risk. Adolescents with AN have decreased rates of bone accrual compared with normal-weight controls, raising additional concerns of suboptimal peak bone mass and future bone health in this age group. Changes in lean mass and compartmental fat depots, and hormonal alterations secondary to nutritional factors contribute to impaired bone metabolism in AN...
June 2014: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24293586/enhanced-recovery-in-total-hip-replacement-a-clinical-review
#6
REVIEW
M S Ibrahim, H Twaij, D E Giebaly, I Nizam, F S Haddad
The outcome after total hip replacement has improved with the development of surgical techniques, better pain management and the introduction of enhanced recovery pathways. These pathways require a multidisciplinary team to manage pre-operative education, multimodal pain control and accelerated rehabilitation. The current economic climate and restricted budgets favour brief hospitalisation while minimising costs. This has put considerable pressure on hospitals to combine excellent results, early functional recovery and shorter admissions...
December 2013: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24007934/insulin-sensitivity-and-beta-cell-function-after-carbohydrate-oral-loading-in-hip-replacement-surgery-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stefan Ljunggren, Robert G Hahn, Thomas Nyström
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Surgery initiates a series of physiological stress processes in the body, inducing transient insulin resistance. Preoperative carbohydrate treatment can reduce the latter phenomenon. We investigated the effects of carbohydrate loading on insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function after elective hip replacement. METHODS: Twenty-three nondiabetic patients (mean age of 68 years) who underwent elective hip replacement surgery participated in this double-blind controlled study...
June 2014: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23686412/development-and-relative-validity-of-a-new-field-instrument-for-detection-of-geriatric-cachexia-preliminary-analysis-in-hip-fracture-patients
#8
Anthony M Villani, Michelle D Miller, Ian D Cameron, Susan Kurrle, Craig Whitehead, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Geriatric cachexia is distinct from other age-related muscle wasting syndromes; however, detection and therefore treatment is challenging without the availability of valid instruments suitable for application in the clinical setting. This study assessed the sensitivity and specificity of a newly developed screening instrument utilising portable assessments against previously defined and commonly accepted diagnostic criteria for detection of geriatric cachexia. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses from 71 older adults' post-surgical fixation for hip fracture were performed...
September 2013: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23412162/preoperative-grip-strength-measurement-and-duration-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A J Shyam Kumar, N Beresford-Cleary, P Kumar, A Barai, N Vasukutty, S Yasin, A Sinha
PURPOSE: This study explored whether a relationship exists between preoperative pinch and power grip strength, and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty at a busy UK hospital. We investigated whether handgrip dynamometry could be used preoperatively to identify patients at greater risk of longer inpatient stays. This would allow focussed intervention preoperatively and facilitate predictors of length of stay postoperatively. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four patients (64 male, 100 female) undergoing lower limb arthroplasty (83 total knee replacement, 81 total hip replacement) were assessed in pre-admission clinic...
July 2013: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23406499/peri-operative-interventions-producing-better-functional-outcomes-and-enhanced-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-an-evidence-based-review
#10
REVIEW
Mazin S Ibrahim, Muhammad A Khan, Ikram Nizam, Fares S Haddad
The increasing numbers of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA), combined with the rapidly growing repertoire of surgical techniques and interventions available have put considerable pressure on surgeons and other healthcare professionals to produce excellent results with early functional recovery and short hospital stays. The current economic climate and the restricted healthcare budgets further necessitate brief hospitalization while minimizing costs.Clinical pathways and protocols introduced to achieve these goals include a variety of peri-operative interventions to fulfill patient expectations and achieve the desired outcomes...
2013: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22968245/increased-energy-intake-in-hip-fracture-patients-affects-nutritional-biochemical-markers
#11
A-K Gunnarsson, T Akerfeldt, S Larsson, L Gunningberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We have previously shown that nutritional guidelines decreased the incidence of pressure ulcers in hip fracture patients. In the present study, we evaluate whether the nutritional biochemical markers S-IGF-1 (Insulin-like Growth Factor 1), S-Transthyretin and S-Albumin are affected by patients' energy intake, and whether the markers are useful as predictors of postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental design, with one intervention and one control group, as well as pre- and post-study measurements...
2012: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22747890/oral-nutrition-or-water-loading-before-hip-replacement-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stefan Ljunggren, Robert G Hahn
BACKGROUND: Surgery induces insulin resistance that might be alleviated by a nutritional drink given preoperatively. The authors hypothesized that some of the beneficial effects of the drink could be attributed to the volume component (approximately 1 L) rather than to the nutrients. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for elective total hip replacement under spinal anesthesia were recruited to a clinical trial, and randomly allocated to preoperative fasting, to oral ingestion of tap water, or to oral ingestion of a carbohydrate drink...
July 2, 2012: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21532283/factors-affecting-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-after-femoral-neck-fracture
#13
REVIEW
Rasa Valavičienė, Alfredas Smailys, Jūratė Macijauskienė, Ami Hommel
Quality of life in patients with femoral neck fracture is an issue frequently discussed in the literature. There is ongoing research on identifying factors that have an impact on quality of life in this particular group of patients. A great variety of factors affecting quality of life and lack of information on their importance encouraged us to perform a systematic literature review analyzing quality of life of patients who sustained femoral neck fracture. The search was performed in the PubMed and Medline databases according to the selected key words...
2010: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21189960/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-young-adults-with-childhood-onset-hypopituitary-growth-hormone-deficiency
#14
Han Hyuk Lim, Min Jae Kang, In Suk Yun, Young Ah Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and risk factors for metabolic derangement in young adults with childhood-onset hypopituitary growth hormone deficiency (ACOHGHD). METHODS: Thirty patients with ACOHGHD who were treated with hormone-replacement therapy, aged 18 to 29 years, who visited the Seoul National University Children's Hospital between September 2009 and February 2010 were enrolled. Height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and blood pressure were measured, and the clinical and hormonal features were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2010: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19292185/bilateral-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-associated-with-pregnancy-four-new-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Obinwanne F Ugwonali, Hasmik Sarkissian, Ohannes A Nercessian
Osteonecrosis is thought to result from the temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to the bones. Without proper nutrition, the bone tissue dies, is resorbed, and collapses. If the process involves the bones in a joint, it often leads to collapse of the joint surface. Four new cases of bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head occurring during pregnancy are described, with pathologic examination of core tissue biopsy substantiating the diagnoses. Operative and nonoperative management included anti-inflammatory medication, pulsating electromagnetic fields, core decompression, and total hip replacement...
February 2008: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19160900/-nutritional-control-in-orthopedic-surgery-patients
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S García Duque, G Pérez Segura, E Sanavia Morán, J R de Juanes Pardo, Ma P Arrazola Martínez, C Resines Erasun
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of orthopaedic patients. DESIGN: Prospective observation study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital, Clinical Nutrition Unit. PATIENTS: 107 patients (56.1% women, 43.9% men, 62.1 +/- 20.4 years) are studied at admission to the orthopaedic unit and it is observed the evolution of orthopaedic surgery patients with hip or knee prosthesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical history, anthropometric data and three nutritional screening tools were considered: Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) y Valoración Global Subjetiva (VGS)...
September 2008: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18818173/an-integrated-intervention-program-to-control-diabetes-in-overweight-chinese-women-and-men-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jianqin Sun, Yanfang Wang, Xiafei Chen, Yanqiu Chen, Ying Feng, Xinyi Zhang, Yiru Pan, Ting Hu, Jianhua Xu, Luyuan Du, Wei Zhou, Huiping Zhao, Rosemary E Riley, Vikkie A Mustad
This study evaluated a structured and integrated intervention program on diabetes management in individuals with type 2 diabetes in Shanghai, China. Men and women with type 2 diabetes and body mass index > 23 kg/m2 were randomized into a 24-week, prospective, randomized clinical trial. The Reference Group (n=50) received diabetes education including diet and physical activity instruction only; the Intervention Group (n=100) received more intensive intervention, including diabetes education with frequent blood glucose monitoring, nutritional counseling, meal plans with diabetes-specific nutritional meal replacement, and weekly progress updates with study staff...
2008: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18710469/effects-of-rehabilitation-treatment-on-thyroid-function
#18
Irene Aprile, Federica Romitelli, Diana Barbara Piazzini, Luca Padua, Stefano Lancellotti, Loredana Maggi, Cecilia Zuppi, Carlo Bertolini, Enrico Di Stasio
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of an intensive rehabilitation programme on thyroid metabolism, the relationship between disability and thyroid hormone level, and the occurrence of nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) before and after rehabilitation. DESIGN, SUBJECTS AND MEASUREMENTS: This was a clinical prospective study. Orthopaedic surgery patients (n = 82) were classified into two groups: patients in whom early active mobilization and walking were possible (walking group, WG, n = 45), and patients in whom these were not recommended (nonwalking group, NWG, n = 37)...
April 2009: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17493194/bone-mineral-density-and-age-related-maculopathy-in-older-women
#19
Robin L Seitzman, Carol M Mangione, Jane A Cauley, Kristine E Ensrud, Katie L Stone, Steven R Cummings, Marc C Hochberg, Teresa A Hillier, Fei Yu, Anne L Coleman
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with age-related maculopathy (ARM) risk in older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis at Year 10 (1997/98) of the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). SETTING: Four clinical centers in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand forty-two randomly sampled SOF participants who attended the Year 10 clinic visit. MEASUREMENTS: ARM status was determined from fundus photographs using a modification of the Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy Grading System 6-level severity scale used in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III...
May 2007: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17350544/strategies-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-and-knee
#20
REVIEW
J W J Bijlsma, K Knahr
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common forms of musculoskeletal disorders and incurs significant economic, social and psychological costs. OA increases in prevalence and also progresses with aging. Clinically OA is characterised by joint pain, crepitus, stiffness after immobility and limitation of movement. Many cases are 'idiopathic' (disease or condition of unknown course or which arises spontaneously), but OA can also be the end result of several other conditions or due to the combination of several other factors...
February 2007: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
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