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A Sprygin, Y Pestova, P Prutnikov, A Kononov
Since 2012, lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) has been spreading from the Middle East to south-east Europe and Russia. Although vaccination campaigns have managed to contain LSDV outbreaks, the risk of further spread is still high. The most likely route of LSDV transmission in short distance spread is vector-borne. Several arthropod species have been suggested as potential vectors, but no proven vector has yet been identified. To check whether promiscuous-landing synanthropic flies such as the common housefly (Musca domestica) could be involved, we carried out entomological trapping at the site of a recent LSDV outbreak caused by a vaccine-like LSDV strain...
June 22, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Darius Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Clara Hildebrandt, Peter E Davis, Lance H Rodan, Irina Anselm, Olaf Bodamer
Background: Movement disorders are a significant clinical problem in lysosomal storage diseases (LSD) and account for substantial morbidity. The spectrum of movement disorders in childhood-onset LSD, however, remains poorly defined. Objectives: To define the spectrum of movement disorders in a well-characterized cohort of children with LSD. Methods: A retrospective chart review at a single tertiary care center (Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA)...
March 2018: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Hiroki Shibutani, Yuzo Akita, Yohei Oishi, Hiroyuki Sueyoshi, Yu Mukai, Kotaro Yutaka, Yumie Matsui, Masahiro Yoshinaga, Masahiro Karakawa
BACKGROUND: A new complication, longitudinal stent deformation (LSD), is increasingly reported with recent intracoronary stent designs. We experienced unusual cases of distal LSD caused by entrapment of a Lacrosse® non-slip element (NSE) balloon (Goodman Co., Ltd., Nagoya, Japan), which comes with three flexible nylon elements to prevent slippage. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to report the clinical experience of distal LSD caused by the NSE in our center and to investigate the incidence and mechanisms involved...
June 20, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Mariano Pellicano, Vincent Floré, Emanuele Barbato, Bernard De Bruyne
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of old calcified saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is challenging and is associated with a considerably high risk of adverse ischemic events in the short- and long-term as compared to native coronary arteries. We report a case in which a non-dilatable, calcified SVG lesion is successfully treated with rotational atherectomy followed by PCI and stenting with local stent delivery (LSD) technique using the Guidezilla™ guide extension catheter (5-in-6 Fr) in the "child-in-mother" fashion...
June 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Soo Min Cho, Ayelet Vardi, Nicolas Platt, Anthony H Futerman
Approximately 70 lysosomal storage diseases are currently known, resulting from mutations in genes encoding lysosomal enzymes and membrane proteins. Defects in lysosomal enzymes that hydrolyze sphingolipids have been relatively well studied. Gaucher disease is caused by the loss of activity of glucocerebrosidase, leading to accumulation of glucosylceramide. Gaucher disease exhibits a number of subtypes, with types 2 and 3 showing significant neuropathology. Sandhoff disease results from the defective activity of β-hexosaminidase, leading to accumulation of ganglioside GM2...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
Claude Saegerman, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Gilles Meyer, Jean-Pierre Ganière, Philippe Caufour, Kris De Clercq, Philippe Jacquiet, Guillaume Fournié, Claire Hautefeuille, Florence Etore, Jordi Casal
BACKGROUND: The lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is a dsDNA virus belonging to the Poxviridae family and the Capripoxvirus genus. Lumpy skin diseases (LSD) is a highly contagious transboundary disease in cattle producing major economic losses. In 2014, the disease was first reported in the European Union (in Cyprus); it was then reported in 2015 (in Greece) and has spread through different Balkan countries in 2016. Indirect vector transmission is predominant at small distances, but transmission between distant herds and between countries usually occurs through movements of infected cattle or through vectors found mainly in animal trucks...
2018: PloS One
Nezam Hasan, Shibili Nuhmani, Shaji J Kachanathu, Qassim I Muaidi
BACKGROUND: Shoulder internal rotation angular velocity at the time of ball release is a crucial factor deciding the ball velocity in throwing. Even though there are some studies conducted regarding the effectiveness of complex training on the lower limb, the researchers has not given much attention to the upper limb. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a complex training program combining plyometric and weight training on the angular velocity of shoulder with a program composed of only plyometric training or only weight training...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Yasushi Motoyama, Tsukasa Nakajima, Yoshiaki Takamura, Tsutomu Nakazawa, Daisuke Wajima, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Ryosuke Matsuda, Kentaro Tamura, Shuichi Yamada, Hiroshi Yokota, Ichiro Nakagawa, Fumihiko Nishimura, Young-Su Park, Mitsutoshi Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakase
OBJECTIVE Lumbar spinal drainage (LSD) during neurosurgery can have an important effect by facilitating a smooth procedure when needed. However, LSD is quite invasive, and the pathology of brain herniation associated with LSD has become known recently. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of postoperative brain herniation after craniotomy with LSD in neurosurgery overall. METHODS Included were 239 patients who underwent craniotomy with LSD for various types of neurological diseases between January 2007 and December 2016...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sameeh M Abutarbush, Eeva S M Tuppurainen
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an emerging infectious disease of cattle. Since 2012, it has been seen throughout the Middle East region. The aim of this study was to compare the humoral response of three different dosages of the RM65 sheep pox (SPP) vaccine to assess the use of ten times sheep dose of the RM65 vaccine against lumpy skin disease, and to explore the possible causes of, and characterize the side effects caused by the RM65 vaccine. A blinded randomized collected study comprised 57 clinically normal, Holstein Friesian cattle which were randomly assigned into three experimental groups of 17 cattle according to the vaccine dose used (one, five and ten times the dose used for sheep in the field, and a control group of six cattle that did not receive the vaccine...
June 6, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Farzaneh Chehelcheraghi, Mohammad Bayat, Sufan Chien
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) and chicken embryo extract (CEE), alone and in combination, on tissue viability of skin flaps, and mast cells (MCs), in an experimental random skin flap (RSF) rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 30 mm × 80 mm RSF was made on the dorsum of each of the forty rats, which were then divided into four groups. One group did not receive any treatment and served as the control, the second group received BMMSCs, the third group received CEE + BMMSCs, and the fourth group received CEE...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Umberto Molini, Gottlieb Aikukutu, Siegfried Khaiseb, Naindji N Haindongo, Angela C Lilungwe, Giovanni Cattoli, William G Dundon, Charles E Lamien
Between January and July 2017, lumpy skin disease (LSD) outbreaks were reported in cattle in Namibia. DNA was extracted from skin biopsies taken from 32 cattle, and the RNA polymerase 30 kDa subunit (RPO30) gene of the LSD virus (LSDV) was successfully amplified by PCR. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the newly sequenced LSDV isolates from Namibia were identical to LSDV isolates identified previously in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Greece, Niger, Serbia and South Africa. Given that only unvaccinated herds were affected by LSD, it is recommended that the current vaccination programmes in Namibia be re-evaluated to allow nationwide coverage...
June 4, 2018: Archives of Virology
Sylvester Ochwo, Kimberly VanderWaal, Anna Munsey, Christian Ndekezi, Robert Mwebe, Anna Rose Ademun Okurut, Noelina Nantima, Frank Norbert Mwiine
BACKGROUND: Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a devastating transboundary viral disease of cattle which causes significant loss in production. Although this disease has been reported in Uganda and throughout East Africa, there is almost no information about its epidemiology, spatial or spatio-temporal distribution. We carried out a retrospective study on the epidemiology of LSD in Uganda between the years 2002 and 2016, using data on reported outbreaks collected monthly by the central government veterinary administration...
June 1, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Sozinho Acácio, Tacilta Nhampossa, Llorenç Quintó, Delfino Vubil, Charfudin Sacoor, Karen Kotloff, Tamer Farag, Nasrin Dilruba, Eusebio Macete, Myron M Levine, Pedro Alonso, Inácio Mandomando, Quique Bassat
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is an important health problem among HIV-infected patients. This study evaluates the role of HIV on the epidemiology, etiology and severity of diarrheal disease among children. METHODS: The Global Enteric Multicenter Study enrolled children with moderate-to-severe (MSD) and less severe (LSD) diarrhea between December 2007 and November 2012. One to three controls for MSD cases and one per LSD case were enrolled and matched by age, sex and neighborhood...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
L Yang, L P Zhao, L Cui, Y Huang, J Y Ye, Q Zhang, D X Zhang, Y S Huang
Objective: To explore the effects of decline of pH value on cardiomyocyte viability of rats, and to analyze the possible mechanism. Methods: Hearts of five newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were isolated, and then primary cardiomyocytes were cultured and used in the following experiments. (1) The primary cardiomyocytes were divided into pH 7.4+ 6 h, pH 7.0+ 6 h, pH 6.5+ 6 h, pH 6.0+ 6 h, pH 6.5+ 1 h, and pH 6.5+ 3 h groups according to the random number table, with 4 wells in each group. After being routinely cultured for 48 h (similarly hereinafter), cells in pH 7...
May 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Cheng-Juan Sun, Lin Li, Xue-Yan Li, Wei-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Wei Liu
PURPOSE: Early onset preeclampsia (PPE) contributes to life-threatening maternal complications and fetal demise. Pharmacogenomics is a precision medicine, and metabolizing enzymes responsive to antihypertensive remains understudied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of polymorphisms of cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 6 (CYP2D6) and cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9 (CYP2C9) with PPE and the relationship among CYP2D6, CYP2C9 polymorphisms and response to labetalol therapy...
May 22, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Fengyi Jin, Mohamed A Hammoud, Lisa Maher, Louisa Degenhardt, Adam Bourne, Toby Lea, Stefanie Vaccher, Jeffrey Grierson, Bridget Haire, Garrett P Prestage
BACKGROUND: We report prevalence and incidence of drug use initiation in Australian gay and bisexual men (GBM) participating in an online cohort study. METHODS: Between September 2014 and June 2015, 1,710 GBM were enrolled in the Following Lives Undergoing Change Study and followed-up six monthly. Participants were asked about measures of lifetime use at baseline and recent use (last six months) at all visits. Drug use initiation was defined as men who reported having never used a specific drug prior to baseline and reported recent use at follow-up...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Justin Falardeau, Khalil Walji, Maxime Haure, Karen Fong, Gregory A Taylor, Yussanne Ma, Sean Smukler, Siyun Wang
Soil is an important reservoir for Listeria monocytogenes, a foodborne pathogen implicated in numerous produce-related outbreaks. Our objective was to (i) compare the survival of L. monocytogenes between three soils, (ii) compare the native bacterial communities across these soils, and (iii) investigate relationships between L. monocytogenes survival, native bacterial communities, and soil properties. Listeria spp. populations were monitored on PALCAM agar in three soils inoculated with L. monocytogenes (~5 x 106 CFU/g): conventionally farmed (CS), grassland transitioning to conventionally farmed (TS), and uncultivated grassland (GS)...
May 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
J Caviedes-Bucheli, N Rios-Osorio, M Rey-Rojas, F Laguna-Rivero, M M Azuero-Holguin, L E Diaz, H Curtidor, J J Castaneda-Ramirez, H R Munoz
AIM: To quantify the Substance P (SP) and Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression in healthy human periodontal ligament from premolars after root canal preparation with Reciproc Blue, WaveOne Gold, XP EndoShaper and hand files. METHODOLOGY: Fifty human periodontal ligament samples were obtained from healthy mandibular premolars where extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Prior to extraction, 40 of these premolars were equally divided into four groups, and root canals were prepared using four different systems: Reciproc Blue, WaveOne Gold, XP EndoShaper, and a hand instrumentation technique...
May 17, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Elina T L'Estrade, Hanne D Hansen, Maria Erlandsson, Tomas G Ohlsson, Gitte M Knudsen, Matthias M Herth
Already in 1953, Woolley and Shaw speculated that serotonin could be involved in a range of central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) displayed an important role in this respect. It was used not only to antagonize biological effects of serotonin and to study the system itself, but also to identify serotonergic subtype receptors. The 5-HT2A receptor was discovered in the 1970s and identified as the responsible receptor mediating psychedelic effects of LSD. The development of positron emission tomography (PET) allowed to study this receptor system in vivo...
May 15, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Hongli Wang, Yuxuan Zhang, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Feizhou Lu, Jianyuan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) surgery provides a convenient and minimal access to the lesion disc with few complications, however, the left lumbar sympathetic trunk (LST) lies in the surgical field with an certain incidence of injury. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical structures of the left LST at risk for injury during oblique lateral interbody fusion at different lumbar segment levels based on radiological evaluations. METHODS: 44 healthy young people (22 males and 22 females) were recruited and routine lumbar MR radiograph were performed...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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