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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333538/health-care-contact-and-suicide-risk-documentation-prior-to-suicide-death-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#1
Jessica D Ribeiro, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner, Ronald C Kessler, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Matthew K Nock
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has shown that a substantial portion of suicide decedents access health care in the weeks and months before their death. We examined whether this is true among soldiers. METHOD: The sample included the 569 Regular Army soldiers in the U.S. Army who died by suicide on active duty between 2004 and 2009 compared to 5,690 matched controls. Analyses examined the prevalence and frequency of health care contacts and documentation of suicide risk (i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333532/characterizing-spouse-partner-depression-and-alcohol-problems-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#2
Christopher R Erbes, Mark Kramer, Paul A Arbisi, David DeGarmo, Melissa A Polusny
OBJECTIVE: Spouse/partners of military personnel demonstrate elevated levels of distress during military deployments, yet there is insufficient information about courses of adjustment over time. The current study identified trajectories of depression and alcohol use problems and predictors of those trajectories across the deployment cycle. METHOD: National Guard soldiers (N = 1973) and spouses/intimate partners (N = 1020) completed assessments of risk/protective factors and baseline measures of mental health functioning 2 to 5 months prior to soldiers' 1-year deployments (Time 1) to Kuwait/Iraq in support of Operation New Dawn or Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329010/phylogenetic-reconstruction-of-syntermitinae-isoptera-termitidae-based-on-morphological-and-molecular-data
#3
Mauricio M Rocha, Adriana C Morales-CorrĂȘa E Castro, Carolina Cuezzo, Eliana M Cancello
The subfamily Syntermitinae comprises a group of Neotropical termites with 18 genera and 101 species described. It has been considered a natural group, but relationships among the genera within the subfamily remain uncertain, and some genera appear to be non-monophyletic. Here, we provide a comprehensive phylogeny including six Neotropical species of Termitinae as outgroup, 42 Syntermitinae species as ingroup, 92 morphological characters (from external and internal anatomy of soldier and worker castes) and 117 molecular sequences (109 obtained for this study and 8 from GenBank) of 4 gene regions (41 and 22 from Cytochrome Oxidase I and II respectively, 19 from Cytochrome b, and 35 from 16S rDNA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328715/evaluating-injury-risk-and-gender-performance-on-health-and-skill-related-fitness-assessments
#4
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Timothy T Bushman, Morgan K Anderson, William J North, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman, TT, Anderson, MK, North, WJ, and Jones, BH. Evaluating injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 971-980, 2017-The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the association of injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. A survey was used to collect personal characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test scores (2-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups). Within the same day, 9 physical fitness assessments were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328685/whole-blood-transfusion-closest-to-the-point-of-injury-during-french-remote-military-operations
#5
Yann Daniel, Anne Sailliol, Thomas Pouget, SĂ©bastien Peyrefitte, Sylvain Ausset, Christophe Martinaud
To improve the survival of combat casualties, interest in the earliest resort to whole blood (WB) transfusion on the battlefield has been emphasized. Providing volume, coagulation factors, plasma and oxygenation capacity, WB appears actually as an ideal product severe trauma management. WB can be collected in advance, and stored for subsequent utilization, or can be drawn, directly on the battlefield, once a soldier is wounded, from an uninjured companion and immediately transfused.Such concepts require a great control of risks at each step, especially regarding ABO mismatches, and transfusion transmitted diseases...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326027/accessible-neurobehavioral-anger-related-markers-for-vulnerability-to-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-a-population-of-male-soldiers
#6
Tamar Lin, Gadi Gilam, Gal Raz, Ayelet Or-Borichev, Yair Bar-Haim, Eyal Fruchter, Talma Hendler
Identifying vulnerable individuals prone to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is of paramount importance, especially in populations at high risk for stress exposure such as combat soldiers. While several neural and psychological risk factors are known, no post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) biomarker has yet progressed to clinical use. Here we present novel and clinically applicable anger-related neurobehavioral risk markers for military-related PTSS in a large cohort of Israeli soldiers. The psychological, electrophysiological and neural (Simultaneous recording of scalp electroencephalography [EEG] and functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) reaction to an anger-inducing film were measured prior to advanced military training and PTSS were recorded at 1-year follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323588/virtual-reality-applications-for-stress-management-training-in-the-military
#7
Federica Pallavicini, Luca Argenton, Nicola Toniazzi, Luciana Aceti, Fabrizia Mantovani
INTRODUCTION: Stress Management Training programs are increasingly being adopted in the military field for resilience empowerment and primary stress prevention. In the last several years, advanced technologies (virtual reality in particular) have been integrated in order to develop more innovative and effective stress training programs for military personnel, including soldiers, pilots, and other aircrew professionals. This systematic review describes experimental studies that have been conducted in recent years to test the effectiveness of virtual reality-based Stress Management Training programs developed for military personnel...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323477/-the-service-i-rendered-was-just-as-true-african-american-soldiers-and-veterans-as-activist-patients
#8
Jessica L Adler
In this article, I examine how African American soldiers and veterans experienced and shaped federally sponsored health care during and after World War I. Building on studies of the struggles of Black leaders and health care providers to win professional and public health advancement in the 1920s and 1930s, and of advocates to mobilize for health care rights in the mid-20th century, I focus primarily on the experiences and activism of patients in the interwar years. Private and government correspondence, congressional testimony, and reports from Black newspapers reveal that African American soldiers and veterans communicated directly with policymakers and bureaucrats regarding unequal treatment, assuming roles as "policy actors" who viewed health and medical care as "politics by other means...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#9
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322768/unintended-pregnancies-among-women-serving-in-the-israeli-military
#10
Misgav Rottenstreich, Limor Loitner, Shir Dar, Ron Kedem, Noam Smorgick, Zvi Vaknin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and variables associated with unintended pregnancy among young, unmarried women serving in the Israeli military. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of unmarried women drafted by the Israeli military between 2013 and 2015 at the age of 18years. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between unintended pregnancy and women's education, IQ, immigration status, country of origin, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and history of psychiatric illness...
March 16, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316211/-study-on-li-ting-an-s-contribution-to-military-medicine-during-1932-1943
#11
Y C Li
From 1920, Li Ting'an started to pay attention to military medicine. At the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War, Li Ting'an compiled books of military medicine, restored the health office, participated in the compilation of first aid measures, rehabilitation outlines, and methods of protection practice, and preparing the establishment of hospitals for wounded soldiers in order to support the Anti-Japanese War. At that time, he was appointed as the anti-epidemic commissioner of South China to organize and conduct the epidemic prevention works in the War...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314863/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-soldiers-returning-from-combat
#12
Erin D Bigler, Jack W Tsao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314862/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-returning-soldiers-a-cohort-study
#13
Karen Schwab, Heidi P Terrio, Lisa A Brenner, Renee M Pazdan, Henry P McMillan, Margaret MacDonald, Sidney R Hinds, Ann I Scher
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; concussion) is common in returning service members yet limited definitive evidence exists on its prognosis. METHODS: Almost 25,000 non-medically evacuated soldiers returning from Afghanistan or Iraq to 2 military bases between 2009 and 2014 were screened for mTBI. We invited a random sample to participate in the present study, oversampling those screening positive, resulting in 557 mTBI cases and 1,010 controls, of whom 366 cases and 599 controls completed 3-month follow-up evaluations...
March 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302095/perceptions-of-community-based-field-workers-on-the-effect-of-a-longitudinal-biomedical-research-project-on-their-sustainable-livelihoods
#14
Christabelle S Moyo, Joseph Francis, Pascal O Bessong
BACKGROUND: Researchers involved in biomedical community-based projects rarely seek the perspectives of community fieldworkers, who are the 'foot soldiers' in such projects. Understanding the effect of biomedical research on community-based field workers could identify benefits and shortfalls that may be crucial to the success of community-based studies. The present study explored the perceptions of community-based field workers on the effect of the Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development Project" (MAL-ED) South Africa on their tangible and intangible capital which together comprise sustainable livelihoods...
March 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300324/risk-of-stress-fracture-varies-by-race-ethnic-origin-in-a-cohort-study-of-1-3-million-u-s-army-soldiers
#15
Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Julie M Hughes, Craig J McKinnon, Joseph R Kardouni, Katelyn I Guerriere, Kristin L Popp, Ronald W Matheny, Mary L Bouxsein
Stress fractures (SF) are common and costly injuries in military personnel. Risk for SF has been shown to vary with race/ethnicity. Previous studies report increased SF risk in White and Hispanic Soldiers compared to Black soldiers. However, these studies did not account for the large ethnic diversity in the U.S. Military. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify differences in SF risk among racial/ethnic groups within the U.S. Army. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database from 2001 until 2011...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295837/compromised-hippocampus-striatum-pathway-as-a-potential-imaging-biomarker-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
D Rangaprakash, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Thomas A Daniel, Adam M Goodman, Jennifer L Robinson, Nouha Salibi, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas S Denney, Michael N Dretsch
OBJECTIVES: Military service members risk acquiring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild-traumatic brain injury (mTBI), with high comorbidity. Owing to overlapping symptomatology in chronic mTBI or postconcussion syndrome (PCS) and PTSD, it is difficult to assess the etiology of a patient's condition without objective measures. Using resting-state functional MRI in a novel framework, we tested the hypothesis that their neural signatures are characterized by functionally hyperconnected brain regions which are less variable over time...
March 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295302/the-associations-between-army-national-guard-versus-active-duty-soldier-status-and-perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-acquired-capability
#17
Matthew C Podlogar, Claire Houtsma, Lauren R Khazem, Fallon Ringer, Thomas Mofield, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis, Ingrid C Lim, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine if levels of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability significantly differed between guardsmen and active duty soldiers. METHOD: Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to test for differences between active duty Army (n = 1,393) and Army National Guard (n = 623) groups, before and after controlling for the effects of age, gender, race, marital status, level of education, and deployment history...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291499/pertussis-outbreak-among-soldiers-during-basic-training-the-need-for-updated-protocols
#18
Basheer Halhal, Yuval Glick, Inbal Galor, Ankory Ran, David J Bacon, Elon Glassberg
Pertussis is a highly contagious, vaccine preventable upper respiratory disease. The incidence of the disease has been rising in the past few decades. During the winter of 2015, an upper respiratory outbreak occurred in one of Israel Defense Forces basic training bases in northern Israel. Following the detection of the first primary cases, a suspected outbreak investigation was initiated in conjunction with more rigorous clinical and laboratory testing efforts to include specific antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay assays and polymerase chain reaction to diagnose pertussis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291498/emergency-department-wounds-managed-by-combat-medics-a-case-series
#19
Steven G Schauer, James A Pfaff
BACKGROUND: Combat medics are an integral part of their unit helping to conserve the fighting strength. Minor wounds are a common problem in the deployed settings that affect a soldier's ability to partake in operations. While the medics often manage wound care, there is very little data on the outcomes. METHODS: Cases were acquired as part of a quality assurance project providing training feedback to medics on wound management. Laceration management is delegated to the medic at the direction of the provider...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291490/proposing-using-waist-to-height-ratio-as-the-initial-metric-for-body-fat-assessment-standards-in-the-u-s-army
#20
Stephen A Bernstein, Michael Lo, W Sumner Davis
OBJECTIVES: Soldiers failing to meet Army Regulation 600-9 (AR 600-9) for weight-to-height standards are required to undergo body fat taping assessment. This article describes a clinical performance improvement project in which battalion medical staff identified a simpler way to improve on meeting AR 600-9 standards with proposing to use the waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) in place of the current methodology. METHODS: During a yearlong combat deployment to Iraq from 2009 to 2010, 42 Soldiers (34 males, 8 females) were evaluated and monitored by battalion medical staff for weight and body fat loss...
March 2017: Military Medicine
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