keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Soldier

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231889/exploring-the-caste-specific-multi-layer-defense-mechanism-of-formosan-subterranean-termites-coptotermes-formosanus-shiraki
#1
Abid Hussain, Ming-Yi Tian, Shuo-Yang Wen
The survival and foraging of Coptotermesformosanus Shiraki in a microbe-rich environment reflect the adaptation of an extraordinary, sophisticated defense mechanism by the nest-mates. We aimed to explore the host pathogen interaction by studying caste-specific volatile chemistry and genes encoding the antioxidant defense of winged imagoes, nymphs, soldiers and workers of Formosan subterranean termites. Qualitative analyses of C.formosanus Shiraki performed by HS-SPME/GC-MS showed considerable variations in the chemical composition of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and their proportions among all the castes...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231767/high-altitude-induced-alterations-in-gut-immune-axis-a-review
#2
Kunjan Khanna, K P Mishra, Lilly Ganju, Bhuvnesh Kumar, Shashi Bala Singh
High-altitude sojourn above 8000 ft is increasing day by day either for pilgrimage, mountaineering, holidaying or for strategic reasons. In India, soldiers are deployed to these high mountains for their duty or pilgrims visit to the holy places, which are located at very high altitude. A large population also resides permanently in high altitude regions. Every year thousands of pilgrims visit Holy cave of Shri Amarnath ji, which is above 15 000 ft. The poor acclimatization to high altitude may cause alteration in immunity...
December 12, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230810/trauma-exposure-interacts-with-the-genetic-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-in-alcohol-misuse-of-us-soldiers
#3
R Polimanti, J Kaufman, H Zhao, H R Kranzler, R J Ursano, R C Kessler, M B Stein, J Gelernter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether trauma exposure moderates the genetic correlation between substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders, we tested whether trauma exposure modifies the association of genetic risks for mental disorders with alcohol misuse and nicotine dependence (ND) symptoms. METHODS: High-resolution polygenic risk scores (PRSs) were calculated for 10 732 US Army soldiers (8346 trauma-exposed and 2386 trauma-unexposed) based on genome-wide association studies of bipolar disorder (BD), major depressive disorder, and schizophrenia...
December 11, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226821/patterns-of-civilian-and-child-deaths-due-to-war-related-violence-in-syria-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-violation-documentation-center-dataset-2011-16
#4
Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schlüter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks
BACKGROUND: Since March, 2011, the Syrian civil war has lowered life expectancy by as much as 20 years. We describe demographic, spatial, and temporal patterns of direct deaths of civilians and opposition combatants from conflict-related violence in 6 years of war. METHODS: We analysed conflict-related violent deaths with complete information on date, place, and cause of death and demographic group occurring from March 18, 2011, to Dec 31, 2016, recorded by the Violation Documentation Center (VDC)...
November 29, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222564/primary-blast-brain-injury-mechanisms-current-knowledge-limitations-and-future-directions
#5
Elizabeth Fievisohn, Zachary Bailey, Allison Guettler, Pamela VandeVord
Mild blast traumatic brain injury (bTBI) accounts for the majority of brain injury in United States service members and other military personnel worldwide. The mechanisms of primary blast brain injury continue to be disputed with little evidence to support one or a combination of theories. The main hypotheses addressed in this review are blast wave transmission through the skull orifices, direct cranial transmission, skull flexure dynamics, thoracic surge, acceleration, and cavitation. Each possible mechanism is discussed using available literature with the goal of focusing research efforts to address limitations and challenges that exist in blast injury research...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221524/leishmaniasis-who-uses-personal-protection-among-military-personnel-in-colombia
#6
Aida M González, María Teresa Solís-Soto, Katja Radon
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is common in Colombia, negatively affecting the health of military personnel active in endemic areas. The disease is transmitted by sand fly bites. Therefore, during duty, use of long-sleeved uniforms and other clothes treated with permethrin and application of mosquito repellent are important personal preventive measures. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess personal and occupational factors associated with the use of personal protection in male soldiers deployed to Leishmaniasis-endemic areas...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219264/-identification-of-y-chromosomal-genetic-types-for-the-soldier-s-remains-from-huaihai-campaign
#7
C Z Wang, S Q Wen, M S Shi, X E Yu, X J Wang, Y L Pan, Y F Zhang, H Li, J Z Tan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the Y-chromosomal genetic types for the soldier's remains from Huaihai Campaign, and to offer a clue for search of their paternal relatives. METHODS: DNA of the remains were extracted by the ancient DNA extraction method. Yfiler kit was used for the multiplex amplification of 17 Y-STR loci. The haplogroups of the samples were speculated. Detailed genotyping of the selected Y-SNP was performed based on the latest Y-chromosome phylogenetic tree...
August 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214624/effects-of-technique-focused-training-in-conjunction-with-physical-readiness-training-on-army-physical-fitness-test-performance
#8
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Norman W Gill, Scott W Shaffer
The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is a semiannual requirement. While conducting physical readiness training (PRT) is a requirement for all Soldiers, there is no requirement to train Soldiers on techniques that may help to optimize their performance on the APFT. A cohort of 34 officers that attended the Army Medical Department Basic Officer Leadership Course completed a technique-focused training program in conjunction with their required PRT program subsequent to failing one or more events on their initial APFT...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209974/metallothionein-in-hermetia-illucens-linnaeus-1758-larvae-diptera-stratiomyidae-a-potential-biomarker-for-organic-waste-system
#9
Xiaoyun Wang, Qiao Gao, Xinhui Liu, Xiao-Ping Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Waheed A A Sayed, Fen Zhu
Black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758), is an important economic fly as its larvae can be used for recycling organic waste, such as food waste and manure. H. illucens larvae (BSFL) could uptake Cd from substrates and accumulate it inside bodies, which need to be monitored during waste treatment. Metallothionein (MT) usually serve as biomarker because of its role in metal homeostasis, detoxification, and dose response of heavy metals. Therefore, a MT gene was cloned from H. illucens (HIMT) that encoded 40 amino acids with typical cysteine rich features, which had a high sequence identity with other insect MTs...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208687/increased-autophagy-signaling-but-not-proteasome-activity-in-human-skeletal-muscle-after-prolonged-low-intensity-exercise-with-negative-energy-balance
#10
Marcus Moberg, Gina Hendo, Madelene Jakobsson, C Mikael Mattsson, Elin Ekblom-Bak, Mikael Flockhart, Marjan Pontén, Karin Söderlund, Björn Ekblom
Little is known about the molecular regulation of skeletal muscle protein turnover during exercise in field conditions where energy is intake inadequate. Here, 17 male and 7 female soldiers performed an 8 days long field-based military operation. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies, in which autophagy, the ubiquitin-proteasome system, and the mTORC1 signaling pathway were studied, were collected before and after the operation. The 187 h long operation resulted in a 15% and 29% negative energy balance as well as a 4...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199924/longitudinal-associations-among-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-traumatic-brain-injury-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-army-soldiers-deployed-to-the-iraq-war
#11
Jennifer J Vasterling, Mihaela Aslan, Lewina O Lee, Susan P Proctor, John Ko, Shawna Jacob, John Concato
OBJECTIVES: Military deployment is associated with increased risk of adverse emotional and cognitive outcomes. Longitudinal associations involving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), and neurocognitive compromise are poorly understood, especially with regard to long-term outcomes, and rigorous research is necessary to better understand the corresponding relationships. The objective of this study was to examine short-term and long-term (>5 years) longitudinal associations among PTSD, neurocognitive performance, and TBI following military deployment...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198093/-strenuous-and-prolonged-exercise-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-treatment-or-threat
#12
REVIEW
Danit Atias-Varon, Yuval Heled
Prolonged and strenuous exercise may lead to changes in the immune system function and to temporary suppression in defense against pathogens. These changes likely increase the risk of those engaging in prolonged and strenuous physical activity to develop upper respiratory tract infection and to reduce the level of performance. On the other hand, it appears that moderate physical activity reduces the risk of upper respiratory tract infection. Various populations, such as professional athletes and soldiers in combat units, who engage in daily strenuous exercise, may therefore be a high risk group...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191407/occupational-outcomes-following-combat-related-gunshot-injury-cohort-study
#13
Matthew D Laughlin, Philip J Belmont, Paul J Lanier, Julia O Bader, Brian R Waterman, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of gun violence on physical function and occupational disability remains poorly explored. We sought to examine the effect of combat-related gunshot injury on work capacity within a cohort of military servicemembers and identify clinical characteristics that influence the capacity to return to work. METHODS: A query was performed to identify all servicemembers injured by gunshot in the years 2005-2009. These soldiers were then followed for a period up to the end of 2014 in order to identify those separated from service due to an inability to perform military duties as a result of their injury...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185408/high-altitude-retinopathy-presenting-as-central-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-a-soldier
#14
Waseem Raja, Ahsan Mukhtar
A 33-year soldier, deployed at an altitude of 3,350 meters for two years, developed unilateral Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) in the left eye. He had no risk factor for thrombosis and all thrombophilia screenings were negative. The patient was managed with intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF (Bevacizumab) every four weeks. He showed gradual improvement in the visual acuity over the next 3 months. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after three months was 6/7.5; whereas, initially it was limited to hand movements only...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183535/major-general-malcolm-c-grow-m-d-1887-1960-soldier-surgeon-airman
#15
Tyler R Walker, Scott W Cowan, Charles J Yeo, Alec C Beekley
World War I (WWI) and World War II (WWII) both presented physicians with challenges unseen before in history. New inventions such as the machine gun and poisonous gas in WWI and the massive aircraft battles in WWII required physicians and surgeons to adapt and innovate to provide the best care and preventative measures for service members. One physician, Malcolm Cummings Grow, distinguished himself as an innovator, a researcher, and a leader. His contributions to the field of military medicine, flight surgery, and medical administration led to countless lives being saved during the two World Wars and laid the groundwork for many different combat protective equipment still in use today...
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180101/beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans
#16
REVIEW
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
Although only a relatively small minority of military veterans develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), mental health theory and research with military veterans has focused primarily on PTSD and its treatment. By contrast, many and by some accounts most veterans experience high levels of stress during the transition to civilian life, however transition stress has received scant attention. In this paper we attempt to address this deficit by reviewing the wider range of challenges, rewards, successes, and failures that transitioning veterans might experience, as well as the factors that might moderate these experiences...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178626/supramolecular-chirality-issues-in-unorthodox-naphthalene-diimide-gelators
#17
Suhrit Ghosh, Goutam Ghosh, Mithun Paul, Tsuneaki Sakurai, Wakana Matsuda, Shu Seki
Self-assembly of a few 1,3-dihydroxyl functionalized naphthalene diimide (NDI) derivatives is reported with particular emphasis on the impact of chirality on gelation and effect of self-assembly on electrical conductivity. (R)-NDI, devoid of any alkyl chains, exhibits gelation in TCE by a ladder like H-bonded chain formation between the 1,3-dihydroxyl group leading to the fibrillar structures with preferential helicity. The (S)- isomer also exhibits identical gelation but produces fibrils with the opposite handedness...
November 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#18
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#19
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
November 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171171/sleep-restriction-and-cognitive-load-affect-performance-on-a-simulated-marksmanship-task
#20
Carl D Smith, Adam D Cooper, Donna J Merullo, Bruce S Cohen, Kristin J Heaton, Pedro J Claro, Tracey Smith
Sleep restriction degrades cognitive and motor performance, which can adversely impact job performance and increase the risk of accidents. Military personnel are prone to operating under sleep restriction, and previous work suggests that military marksmanship may be negatively affected under such conditions. Results of these studies, however, are mixed and have often incorporated additional stressors (e.g. energy restriction) beyond sleep restriction. Moreover, few studies have investigated how the degree of difficulty of a marksmanship task impacts performance following sleep restriction...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
keyword
keyword
41547
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"