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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444615/polygenic-study-of-endurance-associated-genetic-markers-ace-i-d-actn3-arg-r-577ter-x-ckmm-a-g-ncoi-and-enos-glu-g-298asp-t-in-male-gorkha-soldiers
#1
Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M S Pal, Soma Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when "Gorkha" is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin. Physical capability, strength and endurance are important components of fitness associated with genetic traits. The aim of this study was to examine the endurance potential of male Gorkha soldiers, based on endurance-related genetic markers ACE I/D, ACTN3 Arg (R)577Ter(X), CKMM A/G NcoI and eNOS Glu(G)298Asp(T)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443533/childhood-adversity-adult-stress-and-the-risk-of-major-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-us-soldiers-a-test-of-the-stress-sensitization-hypothesis
#2
G Bandoli, L Campbell-Sills, R C Kessler, S G Heeringa, M K Nock, A J Rosellini, N A Sampson, M Schoenbaum, R J Ursano, M B Stein
BACKGROUND: The stress sensitization theory hypothesizes that individuals exposed to childhood adversity will be more vulnerable to mental disorders from proximal stressors. We aimed to test this theory with respect to risk of 30-day major depressive episode (MDE) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among new US Army soldiers. METHODS: The sample consisted of 30 436 new soldier recruits in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience (Army STARRS). Generalized linear models were constructed, and additive interactions between childhood maltreatment profiles and level of 12-month stressful experiences on the risk of 30-day MDE and GAD were analyzed...
April 26, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441099/the-comprehensive-female-soldier-support-model
#3
Daniel L Roberts, Joann Kovacich, Melvin J Rivers
Women represent a small minority in the U.S. military and an even smaller minority in the military chaplaincy. Prior to this study, the U.S. Army chaplaincy did not have a gender-specific model for providing support to women soldiers. In this Delphi research project, wounded women soldiers and female military chaplains provided expert opinions to develop the comprehensive female soldier support model (CFS2). Ten military women and 11 female chaplains who had been deployed overseas contributed to the body of knowledge related to the understanding of the emotional and spiritual support needs of wounded female soldiers...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424126/the-novel-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-to-explore-a-retroperitoneal-hematoma-in-a-hemodynamically-unstable-patient
#4
Martin D Rosenthal, Ahsan Raza, Stephanie Markle, Chasen A Croft, Alicia M Mohr, R Stephen Smith
Balloon occlusion of the aorta was first described by C.W. Hughes in 1954, when it was used as a tamponade device for three wounded soldiers during the Korean War suffering from intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Currently, the device is indicated in trauma patients as a surrogate for resuscitative thoracotomy. Brenner et al. reported a case series describing the use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in advanced hemorrhagic shock. Their conclusion was that "it is a feasible method for proximal aortic control...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422399/dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-for-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-crps-recurrence-after-amputation-for-crps-and-failure-of-conventional-spinal-cord-stimulation
#5
Andreas Goebel, Sarah Lewis, Rhodri Phillip, Manohar Sharma
Limb amputation is sometimes being performed in long-standing complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), although little evidence is available guiding management decisions, including how CRPS recurrence should be managed. This report details the management of a young soldier with CRPS recurrence 2 years after midtibial amputation for CRPS. Conventional spinal cord stimulation did not achieve paraesthetic coverage, or pain relief in the stump, whereas L4 dorsal root ganglion stimulation achieved both coverage and initially modest pain relief, and over time, substantial pain relief...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419465/assessing-ptsd-in-the-military-validation-of-a-scale-distributed-to-danish-soldiers-after-deployment-since-1998
#6
Karen-Inge Karstoft, Søren B Andersen, Anni B S Nielsen
Since 1998, soldiers deployed to war zones with the Danish Defense (≈31,000) have been invited to fill out a questionnaire on post-mission reactions. This provides a unique data source for studying the psychological toll of war. Here, we validate a measure of PTSD-symptoms from the questionnaire. Soldiers from two cohorts deployed to Afghanistan with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in 2009 (ISAF7, N = 334) and 2013 (ISAF15, N = 278) filled out a standard questionnaire (Psychological Reactions following International Missions, PRIM) concerning a range of post-deployment reactions including symptoms of PTSD (PRIM-PTSD)...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418310/diagnosis-and-management-of-borrelia-turicatae-infection-in-febrile-soldier-texas-usa
#7
Anna M Christensen, Elizabeth Pietralczyk, Job E Lopez, Christopher Brooks, Martin E Schriefer, Edward Wozniak, Benjamin Stermole
In August 2015, a soldier returned from field exercises in Texas, USA, with nonspecific febrile illness. Culture and sequencing of spirochetes from peripheral blood diagnosed Borrelia turicatae infection. The patient recovered after receiving doxycycline. No illness occurred in asymptomatic soldiers potentially exposed to the vector tick and prophylactically given treatment.
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416063/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Bo Søndergaard Jensen, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Approximately 10% of combat soldiers and 30% of rape victims develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is already known to be safe in depression treatment. Research results of the past 15 years indicate that rTMS induced to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have a potential to treat the symptoms of PTSD. Furthermore, high-frequency rTMS seems to be superior to low-frequency rTMS. The effect of rTMS on PTSD symptoms could be mediated by increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408697/the-combined-effect-of-bacillus-coagulans-gbi-30-6086-and-hmb-supplementation-on-muscle-integrity-and-cytokine-response-during-intense-military-training
#9
Yftach Gepner, Jay R Hoffman, Elad Shemesh, Jeffrey R Stout, David D Church, Alyssa N Varanoske, Hila Zelicha, Ilan Shelef, Yacov Chen, Hagai Frankel, Ishay Ostfeld
The purpose of this study was to compare the co-administration of the probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 (BC30) with β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) calcium (CaHMB) to CaHMB alone on the inflammatory response and muscle integrity during 40-days of intense military training. Soldiers were randomly assigned to one of two groups: CaHMB with BC30 (CaHMBBC30; n=9) or CaHMB with placebo (CaHMBPL, n=9). A third group of participants served as a control (CTL; n=8). During the first 28 days soldiers were garrisoned on base and participated in the same training tasks...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408655/military-small-arms-fire-in-association-with-acute-decrements-in-lung-function
#10
Anne Katrine Borander, Øyvind Albert Voie, Kjetil Longva, Tor Erik Danielsen, Svein Grahnstedt, Leiv Sandvik, Johny Kongerud, Liv Ingunn Bjoner Sikkeland
OBJECTIVE: After introduction of unleaded ammunition, Norwegian Armed Forces received reports of acute respiratory symptoms in soldiers after exposure to fumes from firing the standard weapon, HK416. The aim of the present study was to examine lung function before and after exposure to fumes from HK416 in a double-blinded standardised study design using three different types of ammunition. METHODS: Fifty-four healthy, non-smoking male volunteers (19-62 years) fired the weapons for 60 min with either leaded, unleaded or 'modified' unleaded ammunition...
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406413/lung-nodule-in-french-guiana-in-a-immunocompetent-patient
#11
N Barthes, F Morin, V Pommier de Santi, S Briolant
We report the case of an immunocompetent French soldier stationed in French Guiana, who developed symptomatic pulmonary histoplasmosis.
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406404/risk-of-daytime-transmission-of-malaria-in-the-french-guiana-rain-forest
#12
V Pommier de Santi, I Dusfour, E de Parseval, B Lespinet, C Nguyen, P Gaborit, R Carinci, G Hyvert, R Girod, S Briolant
Between 2008 and 2014, there were 1070 malaria cases reported in French Guiana among members of the armed forces. Most of the malaria outbreaks investigated were multifactorial and followed missions conducted at illegal gold mining sites. For example, a malaria outbreak occurred in September 2013, three weeks after the deployment of 15 soldiers at Dagobert, which is such a site. The attack rate was 53%, with seven Plasmodium vivax infections and one coinfection with both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403029/secular-trends-in-the-physical-fitness-of-united-states-army-recruits-on-entry-to-service-1975-2013
#13
Joseph Knapik, Marilyn Sharp, Ryan A Steelman
A systematic literature search was conducted to identify and analyze articles that reported on physical fitness of new United States (US) Army recruits. The National Library of Medicine's PubMed and the Defense Technical Information Center, were searched using the keywords {military personnel OR trainee OR recruit OR soldier} AND {physical fitness OR strength OR endurance OR flexibility OR balance OR coordination OR muscle contraction OR running OR exercise OR physical conditioning}. Reference lists of obtained articles and contact with authors enhanced the search...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400246/the-effects-of-captivity-survival-training-on-mood-dissociation-ptsd-symptoms-cognitive-performance-and-stress-hormones
#14
Cindy Suurd Ralph, Oshin Vartanian, Harris R Lieberman, Charles A Morgan, Bob Cheung
In the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), Conduct After Capture (CAC) training is a 4-day captivity survival course during which soldiers are exposed to increasing stress, and evaluated on their ability to accomplish military objectives. We hypothesized that: (a) compared to baseline, CAC training would cause significant, reversible perturbations in measures of psychological functioning and serum and salivary stress hormone levels relevant to models of stress hardiness and vulnerability; and (b) deviations from baseline would be maximal at the time point of most intense stress during training...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399222/morphology-of-the-antenna-of-hermetia-illucens-diptera-stratiomyidae-an-ultrastructural-investigation
#15
M Pezzi, M Leis, M Chicca, P Falabella, R Salvia, A Scala, D Whitmore
The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), is a relevant species in waste and pest management, but is also of forensic and medical importance. A scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigation of the antennae of both sexes of H. illucens is presented here for the first time. The antenna is composed of three regions: the scape, the pedicel, and the flagellum. The first two regions are single segments, whereas the third region, the longest one, is composed of eight flagellomeres...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396930/initial-management-of-complex-hand-injuries-in-military-or-austere-environments-how-to-defer-and-prepare-for-definitive-repair
#16
Camille Choufani, Olivier Barbier, Antoine Grosset, James Charles Murison, Didier Ollat, Sylvain Rigal, Laurent Mathieu
INTRODUCTION: The damage control orthopedics (DCO) concept is a sequential surgical management strategy indicated when ideal primary treatment is not possible or suitable. DCO principles are routinely applied to hand traumas in wartime practice, but could also be useful in a civilian setting when immediate specialized management cannot be carried out. METHODS: The authors report three typical observations of soldiers treated for a complex hand trauma on the field by orthopedic surgeons from the French Military Health Service (FMHS)...
April 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394700/drug-use-in-soldiers-family-and-peer-contextual-associations
#17
Mojtaba Habibi, Mohammad Darharaj, Adrian B Kelly, Hasan Shahmiri, Mona Malekianjabali, Seyedeh Leili Kheirolomoom
BACKGROUND: Given the stressful nature of military life, people in the armed forces are vulnerable to substance use. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between family and peers with drug use among military forces in Iran. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit a total of 422 draftees doing military service in army units in Tehran, Iran. Measures of family and peers' risk and protective factors, alcohol use, and other drug use were administered...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394694/the-death-of-sir-victor-horsley-1857-1916-and-his-burial-in-amarah
#18
Nadeem Toodayan
Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857-1916), the pioneering British neurological surgeon, passed away 100 years ago. He died young in his sixtieth year from the effects of heat stroke while serving as consulting military surgeon to the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in Amarah, modern-day Iraq, and was buried in the now largely abandoned "Amara War Cemetery." By the time of his death in 1916, Victor Horsley had established himself as one of the most eminent innovators of modern neurological surgery. His pioneering researches in cerebral physiology earned him an early reputation in the field, and his experiences with vivisection allowed him to confidently operate on the brain and spinal cord at a time when surgical intervention of the nervous system was fraught with uncertainty...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393680/wheeled-assistive-device-for-load-carriage-the-effects-on-human-gait-and-biomechanics
#19
Itay Ketko, Meir Plotnik, Ran Yanovich, Amit Gefen, Yuval Heled
Soldiers are often required to carry loads which impose biomechanical strain on the human body. This can adversely affect physical performances. Recently, wheel-based devices (WBD) were designed to reduce the load on the soldier. In the present study, a prototype of this newly developed WBD was evaluated. Thirteen volunteers performed three exercise protocols on a treadmill as follows: (1) no load; (2) carrying 40% of their bodyweight with a backpack or; (3) with the WBD. Data acquisition included: gait parameters, vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) and contact pressure acting on the shoulder...
April 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388492/the-impact-of-military-service-and-traumatic-brain-injury-on-the-substance-use-norms-of-army-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers-and-their-spouses
#20
J A Devonish, D L Homish, B M Vest, R C Daws, R A Hoopsick, G G Homish
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and substance use are highly prevalent conditions among military populations. There is a significant body of evidence that suggests greater approval of substance use (i.e., norms) is related to increased substance use. The objective of this work is to understand the impact of TBI and military service on substance use norms of soldiers and their partners. Data are from the baseline assessment of Operation: SAFETY, an ongoing, longitudinal study of US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers and their partners...
March 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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