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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241005/sand-fly-population-dynamics-and-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-among-soldiers-in-an-atlantic-forest-remnant-in-northeastern-brazil
#1
Filipe Dantas-Torres, Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Fernando José da Silva, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Fábio Lopes de Melo, Maria Edileuza Felinto de Brito, Maria Sandra Andrade, Sinval P Brandão-Filho
Outbreaks of cutaneous leishmaniasis are relatively common among soldiers involved in nocturnal activities in tropical forests. We investigated the population dynamics of sand flies in a military training camp located in a remnant of Atlantic rainforest in northeastern Brazil, where outbreaks of cutaneous leishmaniasis have sporadically been described. From July 2012 to July 2014, light traps were monthly placed in 10 collection sites, being nine sites located near the forest edge and one near a horse stable...
February 27, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239838/which-matters-more-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-headache-characteristics-and-diagnosis-type-in-soldiers-with-mtbi-concussion
#2
Alan G Finkel, Brian J Ivins, Juanita A Yerry, John S Klaric, Ann Scher, Y Sammy Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnostic types and characteristics of headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. BACKGROUND: Persistent post-traumatic headache interferes with returns to activity or duty. The most commonly cited headache diagnosis after concussion is migraine. We hypothesize that headache diagnosis type, eg, migraine, is not sufficient to predict relationships with occupational outcomes after concussion...
February 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239483/soldiers-load-carriage-performance-in-high-mountains-a-physiological-study
#3
Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Anilendu Pramanik, Madhusudan Pal, Deepti Majumdar, Dhurjati Majumdar
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to evaluate load carriage performance at extremely high altitudes with different loads and walking speeds in terms of physiological evaluation. The degree of maximum oxygen consumption changes at high altitudes was also examined. METHODS: Twelve Indian Army soldiers were acclimatized at altitudes of 3,505 m and 4,300 m. They walked for 10 minutes on a motorized treadmill at 2.5 km/h and 3.5 km/h speeds during carrying no loads and three magnitudes of load (10...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238090/general-health-status-in-army-personnel-relations-with-health-behaviors-and-psychosocial-variables
#4
Samuel Golenbock, Josh B Kazman, Stephen Krauss, Patricia A Deuster
PURPOSE: Poor self-rated health (SRH) is linked to an increased risk of injury, future healthcare services utilization, and morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to identify correlates of a single-item measure of health in 8070 US Army personnel. METHODS: Responses were collected from the Army's global assessment tool (GAT) 2.0, an online questionnaire that assesses physical and psychosocial health. SRH was measured by the item, "How do you consider your health?" (four response categories: "poor," "fair," "good," and "excellent")...
February 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221083/can-use-of-positive-religious-coping-predict-greater-distress-an-examination-of-army-soldiers-on-deployment
#5
Marilyn A Cornish, Daniel G Lannin, Nathaniel G Wade, Melisa Martinez
Although positive religious coping is generally viewed as an adaptive, functional coping pattern, some studies have actually found positive religious coping to be associated with more distress in military populations. In the current study, we examined the role of positive religious coping on distress across 2 time points. Participants in this study were 192 Army soldiers (men = 90.4%) who were stationed in Iraq for a 1-year deployment in 2005. Using structural equation modeling, we conducted a cross-lag analysis of positive religious coping and distress...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220707/first-description-of-a-rifampicin-resistant-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-y-strain-causing-recurrent-invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-hungary
#6
Ákos Tóth, Brigitta Berta, Tamás Tirczka, Csilla Jekkel, Anita Ábrahám, Zoltán Prohászka, Zsófia Bognár, Tímea Erdősi
A Hungarian soldier previously immunized against Neisseria meningitidis by quadrivalent polysaccharide vaccine was twice infected with meningococci within six weeks. The patient was treated with ceftriaxone during both episodes and he successfully recovered. His close contacts received rifampicin prophylaxis. An investigation was performed to characterize the genetic background of the pathogens to ascertain if the recurrent invasive meningococcal disease was caused by the same strain and to find out the reason for reinfection...
February 21, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213614/reproductive-dysfunction-and-associated-pathology-in-women-undergoing-military-training
#7
REVIEW
Robert M Gifford, R M Reynolds, J Greeves, R A Anderson, D R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from civilian athletes raises the question of whether reproductive dysfunction may be seen in female soldiers as a result of military training. Such reproductive dysfunction consists of impaired ovulation with or without long-term subfertility. METHODS: A critical review of pertinent evidence following an extensive literature search. RESULTS: The evidence points towards reduced energy availability as the most likely explanation for exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213549/screening-does-not-reduce-mental-disorders-in-returning-soldiers-study-finds
#8
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211558/anxiety-associated-with-parachute-jumping-as-the-cause-of-blood-red-ox-balance-impairment
#9
Mateusz Kowalczyk, Katarzyna Kozak, Julita Ciećwierz, Monika Sienkiewicz, Marcin Kura, Łukasz Jasiak, Edward Kowalczyk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of anxiety associated with parachute jumps on selected redox balance parameters in regular soldiers from airborne forces. The study allows estimating whether the paratroopers exposed to high level of mental stress are simultaneously under severe oxidative stress. METHODS: The investigations were carried out on 46 professional soldiers from airborne forces divided into groups depending on the number of performed parachute jumps...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198140/u-s-reserve-soldiers-combat-exposure-and-intimate-partner-violence-not-more-common-but-it-is-more-violent
#10
Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Erin Anderson Goodell, Gregory G Homish
Combat exposure's influence on intimate partner violence (IPV) in reserve soldiers is not well understood. This work examines combat exposure's influence on IPV in U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Data are from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study of U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Logistic regression models examined odds of sexual aggression, physical aggression, and physical injury with combat exposure, controlling for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, marital satisfaction, and age...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197942/influences-of-chromium-and-cadmium-on-the-development-of-black-soldier-fly-larvae
#11
Qiao Gao, Xiaoyun Wang, Wanqiang Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Fen Zhu
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is a good candidate for waste management. The harvested insects are rich in protein and have the potential to be used in animal feed. However, people are wary about heavy metals in waste. Therefore, it is necessary to understand how the uptake of heavy metals could affect H. illucens and where and to what extent metals are accumulated by the black soldier fly. Based on these considerations, developmental parameters were investigated in the different life stages of H. illucens fed an increasing concentration gradient of cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr); additionally, Cd and Cr distribution in the body parts of H...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197704/effect-of-quaternary-ammonium-salts-with-fluorine-atoms-on-selected-weed-species
#12
Robert Biczak, Barbara Pawłowska, Maciej Płatkowski, Michał Stręk, Arkadiusz Telesiński
This study investigated the effects of four structurally different quaternary ammonium salts (QASs), i.e., tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate [TBA][BF4], tetrahexylammonium tetrafluoroborate [THA][BF4], tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate [TBA][PF6], and tetrahexylammonium hexafluorophosphate [THA][PF6], on the growth and development of three weed species: gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora Cav.), white goosefoot (Chenopodium album L.) and common sorrel (Rumex acetosa L.). The examined compounds were applied in the form of foliar spraying and soil application...
February 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195305/reconstructing-diet-in-napoleon-s-grand-army-using-stable-carbon-and-nitrogen-isotope-analysis
#13
Sammantha Holder, Tosha L Dupras, Rimantas Jankauskas, Lana Williams, John Schultz
OBJECTIVES: Historical evidence has provided information regarding disease and mortality in Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Army, but dietary information beyond individual soldier accounts remains scarce. The purpose of this research is to reconstruct the diets of Napoleon's multiethnic army who were associated with the Russian Campaign of 1812. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratio analysis on femoral bone collagen of 78 individuals recovered from a salvage excavation at the mass gravesite of Šiaurės miestelis in Vilnius, Lithuania...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191979/non-linear-effects-in-multicomponent-supramolecular-hydrogels
#14
Emily Draper, Matthew Wallace, Ralf Schweins, Robert J Poole, Dave J Adams
Multicomponent low molecular weight gels are useful for a range of applications. However, when mixing two components, both of which can independently form a gel, there are many potential scenarios. There is a limited understanding as to how to control and direct the assembly. Here, we focus on a pH-triggered two component system. At high pH, colloidal structures are formed and there is a degree of mixing of the two gelators. As the pH is decreased, there is a complex situation, where one gelator directs the assembly in a "sergeants and soldiers" manner...
February 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191948/supramolecular-trojan-horse-for-nuclear-delivery-of-dual-anticancer-drugs
#15
Yanbin Cai, Haosheng Shen, Jie Zhan, Mingliang Lin, Liuhan Dai, Chunhua Ren, Yang Shi, Jianfeng Liu, Jie Gao, Zhimou Yang
Nuclear delivery and accumulation is very important for many anticancer drugs which interact with DNA or its associated enzymes in nucleus. However, it is very difficult for neutrally and negatively charged anticancer drugs such as 10-hydroxycamptothecine (HCPT). Here we report a simple strategy to construct supramolecular nanomedicines for nuclear delivery of dual synergistic anticancer drugs. Our strategy utilizes the co-assembly of a negatively charged HCPT-peptide amphiphile and the positively charged cisplatin...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187645/-i-sandsitermes-i-gen-nov-a-new-nasute-termite-genus-from-south-america-isoptera-termitidae-nasutitermitinae
#16
Carolina Cuezzo, Eliana M Cancello, Tiago F Carrijo
We establish herein a new genus of Neotropical termites of the subfamily Nasutitermitinae, Sandsitermes gen. nov.. The new genus accommodates a previously described species, Nasutitermes robustus (Holmgren), and is diagnosed by worker characters, including the mandibles, the gut-coiling configuration in situ, and the pattern of cushions and spines of the enteric valve. We characterized and illustrated the imago for the first time and redescribe the soldier and worker castes of Sandsitermes robustus gen. et comb...
January 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178580/dual-hormone-stress-reactivity-predicts-downstream-war-zone-stress-evoked-ptsd
#17
Robert A Josephs, Adam R Cobb, Cynthia L Lancaster, Han-Joo Lee, Michael J Telch
BACKGROUND: The crucial role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) in stress-related homeostasis suggests dysregulated HPA involvement in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet most studies examining linkages between HPA axis measures and PTSD have yielded null findings. One untested explanation for this inconsistency is a failure to account for simultaneous adrenal and gonadal influence. Here we tested the singular and interactive effects of cortisol (CR) and testosterone (TR) reactivity as moderators of war-zone stress evoked PTSD emergence in the war-zone...
January 19, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170051/factors-associated-with-substance-use-among-spanish-military-personnel-involved-in-bosnia-herzegovina
#18
Cristina Vargas Pecino, Enrique Castellano, Humberto Trujillo
The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 military personnel participated in the cross-sectional study. The participants' mean age was 25.9 years (SD = 5.9), and 93.9% of the sample was male. The majority of the participants were enlisted personnel (83...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160810/non-battle-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan-and-iraq-2001-2013
#19
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154489/characterization-of-two-new-records-of-mucoralean-species-isolated-from-gut-of-soldier-fly-larva-in-korea
#20
Thi Thuong Thuong Nguyen, Tham Thi Duong, Hyang Burm Lee
While surveying the diversity of fungi of the order Mucorales, two isolates, EML-PUKI12-1 and EML-PUKI06-1, were obtained from the gut of soldier fly larvae inhabiting the bulrush at a pond located in the Chonnam National University Arboretum, Gwangju, Korea. The isolates were confirmed as Mucor irregularis and Mucor fragilis species, respectively, based on the morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of rDNA internal transcribed spacer region. Such mucoralean species belonging to undiscovered taxa has not previously been described in Korea...
December 2016: Mycobiology
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