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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722576/malaria-associated-mortality-in-the-australian-defence-force-during-the-twentieth-century
#1
G Dennis Shanks
Malaria has been a military problem throughout history capable of causing epidemics that stop military operations. Individual mortality was examined from records of the three major wars of the 20th century that involved Australia in which 133 (1914-1919), 92 (1943-1945), and two (1965-1967) soldiers are known to have died with malaria. Those dying were predominately enlisted soldiers with a mean age of 29 years often complicated by other infections such as influenza pneumonia or scrub typhus. Lethal epidemics of falciparum malaria occurred in Palestine/Syria in October 1918 and New Guinea in September 1943 to March 1944...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722143/breast-cancer-stem-cells-as-last-soldiers-eluding-therapeutic-burn-a-hard-nut-to-crack
#2
REVIEW
Pritish Nilendu, Ajay Kumar, Azad Kumar, Jayanta K Pal, Nilesh Kumar Sharma
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are found in many cancer types, including breast carcinoma. Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) are considered as seed of cancer formation and they are associated with metastasis and genotoxic drug resistance. Several studies highlighted the presence of BCSCs in tumor microenvironment and they are accentuated with several carcinoma events including metastasis and resistance to genotoxic drugs and they also rebound after genotoxic burn. Stemness properties of a small population of cells in carcinoma have provided clues regarding the role of tumor microenvironment in tumor pathophysiology...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719004/development-of-new-supramolecular-lyotropic-liquid-crystals-and-their-application-as-alignment-media-for-organic-compounds
#3
Martin Leyendecker, Nils-Christopher Meyer, Christina Thiele
Most alignment media for the residual dipolar coupling (RDC) based molecular structure determination of small organic compounds consist of rod-like polymers dissolved in organic solvents or of swollen cross-linked polymer gels. So far the synthesis of polymer based alignment media is a challenging process which is often followed by a time consuming sample preparation. We propose the use of non-polymeric alignment media based on benzene-tricarboxamides (BTA) which self-assemble into rod-like supramolecules. Our newly found supramolecular lyotropic liquid crystals (LLC) are characterized for LLC properties and their suitability as alignment medium in NMR spectroscopy...
July 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718931/army-soldiers-and-suicidal-thoughts-the-impact-of-negative-relationship-dynamics-moderated-by-the-dissolution-of-romantic-relationships
#4
Heather A Love, Jared A Durtschi, Lauren M Ruhlmann, Briana S Nelson Goff
Suicide among United States active-duty Army soldiers rapidly increased over the past two decades. Using a sample of 322 soldiers from the Army STARRS study, the researchers examined if romantic relationship factors (i.e., hostile disagreements and relationship distress) were linked with suicidal thoughts in Army soldiers, and if these associations were moderated by a recent separation or divorce. Hostile disagreements and relational distress were both significantly associated with higher rates of suicidal ideation...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717517/knowledge-mapping-visualization-analysis-of-the-military-health-and-medicine-papers-published-in-the-web-of-science-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years
#5
Xuan-Ming Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Xu Luo, Hai-Tao Guo, Li-Qun Zhang, Ji-Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Military medicine is a research field that seeks to solve the medical problems that occur in modern war conditions based on public medicine theory. METHODS: We explore the main research topics of military health and medical research in the web of science™ core collection (WoSCC) from 2007 to 2016, and the goal of this work is to serve as a reference for orientation and development in military health and medicine. Based on CiteSpace III, a reference co-citation analysis is performed for 7921 papers published in the WoSCC from 2007 to 2016...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711419/-barriers-to-treatment-seeking-among-german-veterans-expert-interviews
#6
Stefan Siegel, Heinrich Rau, Simone Dors, Loni Brants, Michaela Börner, Manuel Mahnke, Peter L Zimmermann, Gerd Willmund, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: The number of service members of the German armed forces suffering from deployment-related mental health problems is increasing. However, less than 50 % seek professional help, and there is little knowledge about barriers to treatment-seeking. METHODS: The article presents data gathered by the Delphi technique combined with focus groups from 55 health service experts regarding the evaluated barriers to treatment-seeking among German veterans. FINDINGS: According to the interviewed experts, major contextual barriers to treatment-seeking include: 1) intimidating processes and structures, 2) actual stigmatization and discrimination, and 3) deficits in supply...
July 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704761/the-association-between-specific-combat-experiences-and-aspects-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#7
Sarah E Butterworth, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the relationship between combat exposure and suicide risk typically focus on combat exposure overall, combining numerous different combat experiences. Our study expands upon prior research by examining the association between specific combat experiences and components of both suicidal desire and the capability for suicide. METHOD: We hypothesized that most combat experiences would be associated with capability for suicide. Furthermore, we hypothesized that experiences that involved direct exposure to death and injury (e...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703148/the-first-dentists-sent-to-the-western-front-during-the-first-world-war
#8
F S S Gray
At the outbreak of the First World War there was insufficient dental provision for serving military personnel. No army dental specialists were available overseas when the troops joined the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). However, the pain of toothache together with the ensuing limited mastication was debilitating and demoralising for the British soldiers. The result was that men were being withdrawn from the front for treatment at base hospitals. This was limited to extractions by medical officers, which frequently incurred unnecessary loss of dentition when restorative work would have been preferable...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699082/combat-stress-decreases-memory-of-warfighters-in-action
#9
Rosa Delgado-Moreno, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
The present research aimed to analyze the effect of combat stress in the psychophysiological response and attention and memory of warfighters in a simulated combat situation. Variables of blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, blood lactate, body temperature, lower body muscular strength manifestation, cortical arousal, autonomic modulation, state anxiety and memory and attention through a postmission questionnaire were analyzed before and after a combat simulation in 20 male professional Spanish Army warfighters...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696987/nutritional-supplements-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-sports-related-concussion-evidence-still-lacking
#10
Thomas H Trojian, David H Wang, John J Leddy
Concussions are common neurologic events that affect many athletes. Very little has been studied on the treatment of concussions with supplements and medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reminds us that no supplement has been proven to treat concussions. Many animal studies show that supplements have potential for improving the effects of a brain injury but none have been shown to be of consistent benefit in human studies. Animal studies on severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) may not therefore be applicable transfer to sports-related concussions (SRC)...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690347/union-army-veterans-all-grown-up
#11
Dora L Costa, Heather DeSomer, Eric Hanss, Christopher Roudiez, Sven E Wilson, Noelle Yetter
This paper overviews the research opportunities made possible by a NIA-funded program project, Early Indicators, Intergenerational Processes, and Aging. Data collection began almost three decades ago on 40,000 soldiers from the Union Army in the US Civil War. The sample contains extensive demographic, economic, and medical data from childhood to death. In recent years, a large sample of African-American soldiers and an oversampling of soldiers from major US cities have been added. Hundreds of historical maps containing public health data have been geocoded to place soldiers and their family members in a geospatial context...
2017: Historical Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686061/lsd-experiments-by-the-united-states-army
#12
Colin A Ross
Extensive LSD testing was conducted by the US Army at Edgewood Arsenal and other locations from 1955 to 1967. A number of different reports have been produced describing the health effects of this testing, including the Veterans Health Initiative Report in 2003. By and large, these reports gloss over and minimize the short and long-term side effects and complications of this testing. However, the reports themselves document frequent, severe complications of the LSD. These side effects were regarded by the Army as having been directly caused by the LSD exposure...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682983/can-anger-be-helpful-soldier-perceptions-of-the-utility-of-anger
#13
Amy B Adler, Daniel F Brossart, Robin L Toblin
Studies have found that soldiers returning from combat deployment report elevated levels of anger and aggression. The present study examined the perception that anger was helpful in performing occupationally related duties and whether this perception was associated with mental health problems, somatic symptoms, and functioning. Soldiers (N = 627) completed a survey 4 months after their deployment to Afghanistan and again 3 months later. When examining anger over time, findings revealed four groups of different latent classes: low stable (resilient), high stable (chronic), decreasing over time (improved), and increasing over time (delayed problems)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680591/evaluation-of-the-suitability-of-a-partially-defatted-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-l-larvae-meal-as-ingredient-for-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-walbaum-diets
#14
M Renna, A Schiavone, F Gai, S Dabbou, C Lussiana, V Malfatto, M Prearo, M T Capucchio, I Biasato, E Biasibetti, M De Marco, A Brugiapaglia, I Zoccarato, L Gasco
BACKGROUND: Two trials were performed to evaluate a partially defatted Hermetia illucens (HI) larvae meal as potential feed ingredient in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) diets. In the first trial, 360 trout (178.9 ± 9.8 g of mean initial body weight) were randomly divided into three experimental groups (4 tanks/treatment, 30 fish/tank). The fish were fed for 78 days with isonitrogenous, isolipidic and isoenergetic diets containing increasing levels of HI, on as fed basis: 0% (HI0, control diet), 25% (HI25) and 50% (HI50) of fish meal substitution, corresponding to dietary inclusion levels of 0, 20% and 40%...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676439/the-effect-of-stress-fracture-interventions-in-a-single-elite-infantry-training-unit-1983-2015
#15
Charles Milgrom, Aharon S Finestone
Stress fractures can be seen as an undesired byproduct of demanding physical training. The threshold value of stress that places an individual bone at high risk for stress fracture has not been identified. In a prospective study of stress fractures in 1983, a 31% incidence was found during demanding Israeli infantry basic training by bone scan criteria. Within a subgroup of these recruits, an elite infantry unit was found to have a 40% incidence. Since then and until 2015, eight additional induction companies of the same elite infantry unit were prospectively monitored for stress fractures during their basic training...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673301/effects-of-deployment-on-diet-quality-and-nutritional-status-markers-of-elite-u-s-army-special-operations-forces-soldiers
#16
Emily K Farina, Jonathan C Taylor, Gary E Means, Nancy E Murphy, Stefan M Pasiakos, Harris R Lieberman, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers deploy frequently and require high levels of physical and cognitive performance. Nutritional status is linked to cognitive and physical performance. Studies evaluating dietary intake and nutritional status in deployed environments are lacking. Therefore, this study assessed the effects of combat deployment on diet quality and serum concentrations of nutritional status markers, including iron, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), glucose, and lipids, among elite United States (U...
July 3, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670286/short-term-low-volume-training-improves-heat-acclimatization-in-an-operational-context
#17
Keyne Charlot, Pierre-Emmanuel Tardo-Dino, Jean-François Buchet, Nathalie Koulmann, Stéphanie Bourdon, Benoit Lepetit, Martin Roslonski, Loïc Jousseaume, Alexandra Malgoyre
Personnel who travel to areas with a hot climate (WBGT > 27°C) may suffer from the heat (physiological strain, thermal discomfort, increased probability of heat illness), making them partially or fully inoperative. Performing physical activities during heat acclimatization is known to improve this process (i.e., improve measures of acclimatization for the same duration of acclimation). However, it is unknown whether such training would be efficient in an operative context, characterized by a high volume of work-related physical activity...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668620/effect-of-load-carriage-and-natural-terrain-conditions-on-cognitive-performance-in-desert-environments
#18
Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Madhusudan Pal, Tirthankar Chatterjee, Dhurjati Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Correct decision making is a critical component of cognitive performance of a soldier, which may be influenced by the load carriage and terrain conditions during their deployment in desert environment. PURPOSE: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of loads and terrain conditions on the cognitive performance in a group of twelve healthy heat acclimatized infantry soldiers under natural desert environment. METHODS: The soldiers participated in a 10min walking trial during carrying no load and also carrying 10...
June 29, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655669/health-support-for-the-raid-of-the-seven-stones%C3%A2-in-the-footsteps-of-navy-physician-jules-crevaux-in-french-guiana
#19
N Barthes, J-P Boudsocq
In the summer of 2015, soldiers of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment and civilian scientists mounted a joint expedition on foot to reconnoiter and better define the southern frontier of French Guiana with Brazil. Three doctor-nurse pairs worked in relay to provide medical support for this unprecedented 42-day, 320-km journey through a hostile and isolated environment, a mission whose success was made possible by large-scale logistic and technical prowess. The army health department, using knowledge gained from previous large-scale missions and expeditions and from its staff's local experience, provided its technical support for personnel selection, organization of the health logistics, and field support...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652750/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-young-male-schizophrenics-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Jing Yan, Chengye Hou, Ying Liang
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we compared the prevalence rate of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) between young males with schizophrenia and the general young males as the control group, and we also investigated the risk factors of NAFLD in young males with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a large cross-sectional study consisting of the study group and parallel control group. The study group comprises 202 cases of young males with schizophrenia recruited from Liaoning province Demobilized Soldiers Kangning Hospital, and 149 healthy young males were recruited as the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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