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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636070/development-of-a-population-based-microsimulation-model-of-body-mass-index
#1
Deirdre Hennessy, Rochelle Garner, William M Flanagan Ron Wall And Claude Nadeau M Flanagan, Ron Wall, Claude Nadeau
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has necessitated the development of body mass index (BMI) projection models such as the POpulation HEalth Model (POHEM). This study describes the POHEM-BMI model, a microsimulation tool that can be used to support evidence-based health policy making for obesity reduction. DATA AND METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) were used to develop and validate a predictive model of BMI for adults and childhood BMI history...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636063/solving-interoperability-in-translational-health-perspectives-of-students-from-the-international-partnership-in-health-informatics-education-iphie-2016-master-class
#2
Anne M Turner, Julio C Facelli, Monique Jaspers, Thomas Wetter, Daniel Pfeifer, Laël Cranmer Gatewood, Terry Adam, Yu-Chuan Li, Ming-Chin Lin, R Scott Evans, Anna Beukenhorst, Hugo Johan Theodoore van Mens, Esmee Tensen, Christian Bock, Laura Fendrich, Peter Seitz, Julian Suleder, Ranyah Aldelkhyyel, Kent Bridgeman, Zhen Hu, Aaron Sattler, Shin-Yi Guo, Islam Md Mohaimenul Mohaimenul, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Hsin-Ru Tung, Jiantano Bian, Joseph M Plasek, Casey Rommel, Juandalyn Burke, Harkirat Sohih
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2016 an international group of biomedical and health informatics faculty and graduate students gathered for the 16th meeting of the International Partnership in Health Informatics Education (IPHIE) masterclass at the University of Utah campus in Salt Lake City, Utah. This international biomedical and health informatics workshop was created to share knowledge and explore issues in biomedical health informatics (BHI). OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper is to summarize the discussions of biomedical and health informatics graduate students who were asked to define interoperability, and make critical observations to gather insight on how to improve biomedical education...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635684/-spatial-analysis-of-syphilis-and-gonorrhea-infections-in-a-public-health-service-in-madrid
#4
Irene G M Wijers, Amaya Sánchez Gómez, Jose Antonio Taveira Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. METHODS: All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected...
June 21, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633684/double-burden-of-underweight-and-overweight-among-bangladeshi-adults-differs-between-men-and-women-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#5
Mohammad E Hoque, Md T Hasan, Muntasirur Rahman, Kurt Z Long, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of underweight and overweight among Bangladeshi adults and to determine if the double burden of underweight and overweight differs by gender and other socio-economic characteristics of individuals. DESIGN: We used data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Multinominal logistic regression was used to examine associations between the different nutritional statuses of individuals and related determinants. Interaction effect was checked between gender and various socio-economic factors...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633669/impact-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-transient-lbp
#6
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated secondary transient pain. Aim of the study was to investigate if structured training could improve muscular function and thus improve LBP related to flying. METHODS: 39 helicopter pilots (35 men and 4 women), who reported flying related LBP on at least 1 of 3 missions last month, were allocated to two training programs over a 3-month period...
June 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#7
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633472/association-between-subjective-sleep-quality-and-future-risk-of-falls-in-older-people-results-from-lohas
#8
Shiho Takada, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Shingo Fukuma, Yoshihiro Onishi, Misa Takegami, Shin Yamazaki, Rei Ono, Miho Sekiguchi, Koji Otani, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shunichi Fukuhara
Background: Inadequate sleep is correlated with morbidity and mortality among older adults. However, the longitudinal relationship between subjective sleep quality and risk of falls in the elderly remains to be clarified. Methods: Study participants were from Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcome in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS) sites (1071 community-dwelling people ≧65 years of age, mean, 71 years). Subjective sleep quality was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
June 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#9
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633112/perfluorinated-alkyl-substances-in-spanish-adults-geographical-distribution-and-determinants-of-exposure
#10
Mónica Bartolomé, Alejandrina Gallego-Picó, Francisco Cutanda, Olga Huetos, Marta Esteban, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Argelia Castaño
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are widely found in humans and the environment. Their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity make them a source of increasing public health concern. In this study, we analyzed the concentrations and geographical distribution of six PFAS in the serum of 755 Spanish adults aged 18-65. The geometric mean concentrations (and P95 values) for PFOS (perfluoroctane sulfonate), PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid), PFHxS (perfluorohexane sulfonate), PFNA (perfluorononanoic acid) and PFDA (perfluorodecanoic acid) were 7...
June 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633047/the-impacts-of-the-global-financial-crisis-on-hospitalizations-due-to-depressive-illnesses-in-taiwan-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chen-Mao Liao, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: In the third quarter of 2008, a major financial crisis hit many developed countries. Taiwan suffered its own share: a rise in unemployment and a severe decline in gross domestic product. This study is to address the health consequences of this crisis on different socioeconomic populations in Taiwan. METHODS: A sample of 6,225,766 men and 5,417,651 women, was obtained and their admissions data over 2007-2012 were retrieved. Stratified into three income levels, the sample was examined on the 147,921 episodes of hospitalization due to depressive illnesses (DIs) over that period by an interrupted time series analysis for monthly incidence rates of DI hospitalizations RESULTS: The adjusted incidence rates of hospitalization (AIRH) for DIs among the low income were 10 times that of the high income group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633001/impact-of-4-weeks-of-interval-training-on-resting-metabolic-rate-fitness-and-health-related-outcomes
#12
Matthew M Schubert, Holly E Clarke, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain
PURPOSE: Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and substrate oxidation (RER) are important indicators of health. The effects of interval training on RMR have not been thoroughly investigated, which was the purpose of the present study. METHODS: Thirty men and women (mean ± SD age and VO2max: 28.8 ± 7.6 yrs and 33.0 ± 8.3 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) completed 4 weeks of Wingate-based sprint interval training (SIT), repeated 1-minute high-intensity intervals (HIIT), or served as controls (CON)...
June 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#13
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632096/racial-ethnic-differences-in-life-course-heavy-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife
#14
Nina Mulia, Tammy W Tam, Jason Bond, Sarah E Zemore, Libo Li
Information on heavy drinking over the life course might help to explain racial/ethnic disparities in alcohol-related problems, morbidity, and mortality. Using data from the 2009-2010 U.S. National Alcohol Survey (n = 3,026), we analyzed retrospective decades-based measures of heavy drinking during respondents' teens, 20s, 30s, and 40s. Results indicate that Latino men and African American women have greater risk for persistent-high (vs. declining) heavy-drinking trajectories than Caucasian men and women, and that socioeconomic disadvantage partly accounts for this disparity in women...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632005/sleep-problems-and-life-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-health-in-men-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidies
#15
Krister W Fjermestad, Simen Stokke
More knowledge is needed about men with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA). We present self-reported data from 53 men with SCA (Mage = 36.8 years, SD = 12.3, range 19-67). The Health Survey-Short Form (SF-36) measured eight health domains (physical functioning, role-physical, role-emotional, vitality, emotional health, social functioning, pain, general health). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep problems. The Personal Wellbeing Index measured satisfaction with eight life domains. Compared to norms, SCA reported poorer health (mean d = -0...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631491/a-longitudinal-examination-of-factors-associated-with-social-support-satisfaction-among-hiv-positive-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Charlotte McCullagh, Katherine Quinn, Dexter R Voisin, John Schneider
This study examined the long-term predictors of social support satisfaction among HIV-positive young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). Data were collected across three waves between October 2012 and November 2014 as part of the baseline assessment from Project nGage, a preliminary efficacy randomized control study examining the role of social support in improving HIV care among YBMSM. The sample included 92 YBMSM aged 18-29. Major results controlling for age, education and intervention effects indicated that psychological health, social network size, and education at baseline predicted differences in social support satisfaction at Wave 3, with no significant effects based on length of HIV diagnosis...
June 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631248/chilean-population-norms-derived-from-the-health-related-quality-of-life-sf-6d
#17
Miguel A Garcia-Gordillo, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Pedro R Olivares, José C Adsuar
OBJECTIVES: The Health-Related Quality of Life Short Form 6D (HRQoL SF-6D) provides utility values for health status. Utilities generated have a number of potentially valuable applications in economic evaluations and not only to ensure comparability between studies. Reference values can be useful to estimate the effect on patients' HRQoL as a result of interventions in the absence of control groups. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide normative values in the SF-6D in relation to the Chilean population...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#18
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629624/the-protective-role-of-oestradiol-against-silent-myocardial-ischemia-and-hypertension-risk-in-south-african-men-the-sabpa-study
#19
Nicolaas T Malan, Roland von Känel, Hendrik S Steyn, Ruan Kruger, Leoné Malan
BACKGROUND: Oestradiol has a protective effect on coronary artery health in women but the effect it has on men, is controversial. A translational approach was followed to assess whether sex hormone levels are associated with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and hypertension risk over a 3year period. METHODS: Participants included 89 Black and 91 White men (aged 21-63years) participating in both phases of the Sympathetic activity and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Africans prospective study...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629413/progressive-disability-in-elderly-population-among-tribals-of-telangana-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ajitha Katta, Anil Kumar Indira Krishna, Bagavandas M, Tomofumi Anegawa, Suresh Munuswamy
BACKGROUND: The tribal population of Telangana, India, lives in remote and difficult conditions. This study was carried out to find out estimate, the prevalence and progression of disability in elderly population among tribals of Khammam District, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted in villages of Tribal Sub Plan area. Elderly people who are 60 years or older were chosen with a two stage sampling procedure: (1) probability proportion to size was used to select clusters and (2) in each selected cluster households were selected by systematic random sampling...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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