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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343196/-hope-as-psychological-resource-for-nurturant-professionals-medicine-case-study
#1
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343186/-profile-of-adults-suffering-from-copd-in-poland
#2
Marcin Nowak, Mateusz Jankowski, Grzegorz M Brożek, Szymon Skoczyński, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Ewa Pierzchała, Jan E Zejda, Władysław Pierzchała
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in adults. It is estimated, that in Poland around two million people suffer from COPD. THE AIM: The aim of this study, was to characterize population of patients with COPD in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study, established and coordinated by the Polish Respiratory Society, included a representative sample of 500 GPs where were asked to fill questionnaires on diagnosis and treatment of their COPD patients...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343116/health-and-weight-gender-specific-linkages-under-heterogeneity-interdependence-and-resilience-factors
#3
Olaf Hübler
Many studies have shown that obesity is a serious health problem for our society. Empirical analyses often neglect a number of methodological issues and relevant influences on health. This paper investigates empirically whether neglecting these items leads to systematically different estimates. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study derives the following results. (1) Many combinations of weight and height lead to the same health status. (2) The relationship between health and body mass index is nonlinear...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343109/a-visual-analysis-of-gender-bias-in-contemporary-anatomy-textbooks
#4
Rhiannon Parker, Theresa Larkin, Jon Cockburn
Empirical research has linked gender bias in medical education with negative attitudes and behaviors in healthcare providers. Yet it has been more than 20 years since research has considered the degree to which women and men are equally represented in anatomy textbooks. Furthermore, previous research has not explored beyond quantity of representation to also examine visual gender stereotypes and, in light of theoretical advancements in the area of intersectional research, the relationship between representations of gender and representations of ethnicity, body type, health, and age...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343062/the-material-moral-and-affective-worlds-of-dealing-and-crime-among-young-men-entrenched-in-an-inner-city-drug-scene
#5
Danya Fast, Jean Shoveller, Thomas Kerr
A large body of previous research has elucidated how involvement in drug dealing and crime among marginalized urban youth who use drugs is shaped by the imperatives of addiction and survival in the context of poverty. However, a growing body of research has examined how youth's involvement in these activities is shaped by more expansive desires and moralities. In this paper, we examine the material, moral, and affective worlds of loosely gang affiliated, street level dealing and crime among one group of young men in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342935/interpreting-patient-reported-urinary-and-sexual-function-outcomes-across-multiple-validated-instruments
#6
Emily A Vertosick, Andrew J Vickers, Janet E Cowan, Jeanette M Broering, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
INTRODUCTION: Comparing patient-reported outcomes such as urinary and erectile function across institutions is critical for prostate cancer research and quality assurance. Such comparisons are complicated by the use of different questionnaires. We aimed to develop a method to convert scores between four commonly used instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient-reported data on urinary and sexual function were collected from 1,284 men with localized prostate cancer using the Expanded Prostate Index Composite (EPIC-26), UCLA Prostate Cancer Index (PCI), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and International Prostate Symptom Scale (IPSS) questionnaires...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342856/reproductive-endocrinology-of-vitamin-d
#7
Mette Lorenzen, Ida Marie Boisen, Li Juel Mortensen, Beate Lanske, Anders Juul, Martin Blomberg Jensen
Vitamin D is a versatile hormone with several functions beyond its well-established role in maintenance of skeletal health and calcium homeostasis. The effects of vitamin D are mediated by the vitamin D receptor, which is expressed together with the vitamin D metabolizing enzymes in the reproductive tissues. The reproductive organs are therefore responsive to and able to metabolize vitamin D locally. The exact role remains to be clarified but several studies have suggested a link between vitamin D and production/release of reproductive hormones into circulation, which will be the main focus of this review...
March 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342634/-prevalence-trends-of-high-risk-of-mental-disorders-in-the-spanish-adult-population-2006-2012
#8
Virginia Basterra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity in the Spanish adult population and its changes between 2006 and 2012. METHODS: Data from 47,905 participants obtained from the National Health Surveys in 2006 and 2012 were used. Mental health status was assessed with the General Health Questionnaire score. Adjusted logistic regression models were fitted. RESULTS: The prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity was 20...
March 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340502/trends-in-alcohol-consumption-among-older-americans-national-health-interview-surveys-1997-to-2014
#9
Rosalind A Breslow, I-Jen P Castle, Chiung M Chen, Barry I Graubard
BACKGROUND: The majority of U.S. older adults consume alcoholic beverages. The older population is projected to almost double by 2050. Substantially more drinkers are likely. PURPOSE: To describe gender-specific trends (1997 to 2014) in prevalence of drinking status (lifetime abstention, former drinking, current drinking [including average volume], and binge drinking) among U.S. adults ages 60+ by age group and birth cohort. METHODS: In the 1997 to 2014 National Health Interview Surveys, 65,303 respondents ages 60+ (31,803 men, 33,500 women) were current drinkers; 6,570 men and 1,737 women were binge drinkers...
March 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340367/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-diabetic-subjects-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-elsa-brasil-cohort-baseline
#10
Itamar S Santos, Márcio S Bittencourt, Alessandra C Goulart, Maria Inês Schmidt, Maria de Fátima H S Diniz, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies have analyzed the association between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and insulin resistance, glucose levels or glycated hemoglobin with mixed results. We aimed to evaluate the association between CIMT and homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), fasting and post-load plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. METHODS: We included 8028 participants (aged 35-74 years) without diabetes or overt cardiovascular disease who had complete CIMT data at baseline...
March 10, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340165/attitudes-toward-opioids-and-risk-of-misuse-abuse-in-patients-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-receiving-long-term-opioid-therapy
#11
Grisell Vargas-Schaffer, Jennifer Cogan
Objectives.:  To determine the attitudes of patients toward long-term opioid therapy (LtOT) and the potential risk of misuse/abuse in patients with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). Design.:  Prospective, descriptive epidemiological study. Setting.:  Multidisciplinary tertiary care pain center within the Montreal University Health Center. Subjects.:  Patients who had had at least one visit at least one year prior to the invitation...
March 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339852/relationship-between-back-pain-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-canadian-population
#12
Tanner Cassidy, Amanda Fortin, Stephanie Kaczmer, Jessica T L Shumaker, Jessica Szeto, Stéphanie J Madill
Background: Back problems and urinary incontinence (UI) have been found to co-occur more frequently than would be predicted by chance. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between UI and back problems in the Canadian men and women. Design: This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Methods: The 2011-2012 Statistics Canada Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) provided the data. The CCHS surveyed 125,645 adults providing a representative sample of the Canadian population...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339654/daily-alcohol-consumption-and-sickness-absence-in-the-gazel-cohort
#13
Sophie Morois, Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Annette Leclerc, Frédéric Limosin, Stephen Goldberg, Eléonore Herquelot, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins
: Previous studies that examined the association between daily alcohol consumption and sickness absences (SA) were mostly retrospective and did not take into account the characteristics of SA.  : A total of 9907 daily drinkers (8442 men and 1465 women) of the GAZEL prospective cohort were included. Daily alcohol consumption over the three previous years was self-reported at baseline and categorized as low, moderate, high or very high risk according to the World Health Organization. Duration of SA (short: ≤7 days; moderate: 8-28; long: >28) was collected from administrative records as well as causes for long SA...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339571/depression-among-non-daily-smokers-compared-to-daily-smokers-and-never-smokers-in-the-united-states-an-emerging-problem
#14
Andrea H Weinberger, Misato Gbedemah, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Michael J Zvolensky, Michael Chaiton, Renee D Goodwin
Introduction: Depression is strongly associated with daily smoking. Yet, little is known about the association between depression and non-daily smoking. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of past-year depression and changes in past-year depression over time among non-daily smokers, compared to daily smokers and never-smokers, overall and stratified by age, gender, income, nicotine dependence, and cigarettes per day. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Household Survey on Drug Use (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of persons aged 12 and over (total study population N = 496 805)...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339536/successful-nutrition-policy-improvement-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-status-in-finnish-adults-over-the-last-decade
#15
Susanna Raulio, Iris Erlund, Satu Männistö, Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, Jouko Sundvall, Heli Tapanainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Suvi M Virtanen
Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D intake and status have improved among Finnish adults as a consequence of these nutrition policy actions...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339514/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-in-ukraine-in-2007-the-role-of-psychosocial-material-and-behavioural-factors
#16
Loretta G Platts, Christopher J Gerry
Despite Ukraine's large population, few studies have examined social inequalities in health. This study describes Ukrainian educational inequalities in self-rated health and assesses how far psychosocial, material and behavioural factors account for the education gradient in health. Data were analyzed from the 2007 wave of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Education was categorized as: lower secondary or less, upper secondary and tertiary. In logistic regressions of 5451 complete cases, stratified by gender, declaring less than average health was regressed on education, before and after adjusting for psychosocial, material and behavioural factors...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339023/lead-exposure-and-plasma-mrna-expression-in-erbb2-gene
#17
Margherita Ferrante, Caterina Ledda, Gea Oliveri Conti, Maria Fiore, Venerando Rapisarda, Chiara Copat, Giuseppe Sole, Nivea Terzo, Salvatore Travali
Epidemiologic data for carcinogenicity in those exposed to lead (Pb) suggests relations with cancers although the totality of the evidence is inconsistent. Alterations in the expression of ERBB receptors have been studied during the development and malignant transformation of different kinds of human tumors where they induce proliferation, angiogenesis and metastasis generation. Relevant clinical data demonstrate the role of ERBB2 receptors in the development and malignancy of human cancers. Therefore, the objective of the present investigation is to give more information on the link between plasma mRNA expression in ERBB2 gene and lead blood levels in a healthy population...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338769/iq-the-urban-environment-and-their-impact-on-future-schizophrenia-risk-in-men
#18
Timothea Toulopoulou, Marco Picchioni, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
Exposure to an urban environment during early life and low IQ are 2 well-established risk factors for schizophrenia. It is not known, however, how these factors might relate to one another. Data were pooled from the North Jutland regional draft board IQ assessments and the Danish Conscription Registry for men born between 1955 and 1993. Excluding those who were followed up for less than 1 year after the assessment yielded a final cohort of 153170 men of whom 578 later developed a schizophrenia spectrum disorder...
February 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338663/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-blepharoptosis-in-korean-adult-population-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#19
M H Kim, J Cho, D Zhao, K I Woo, Y-D Kim, S Kim, S W Yang
PurposeThis study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of involutional blepharoptosis in a nationwide representative sample in Korea.MethodsCross-sectional study 20 941 Korean men and women 40 years of age and older who participated in last 2 years (2008 and 2009) of the 4th wave of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV and the first 2 years (2010 and 2011) of KNHANES V. Ocular examinations were performed by ophthalmologists trained in procedure and grading methods, and blepharoptosis was defined as a marginal reflex distance <2 mm on either eye...
March 24, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338611/disability-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-men-referred-for-treatment-with-work-related-problems-to-primary-mental-health-care
#20
S Kathleen Bailey, Christopher J Mushquash, John M Haggarty
The relationship between male sex and employment as barriers to accessing mental health care is unclear. The aim of this research was to examine (1) whether the clinical features of men referred to a shared mental health care (SMHC) service through primary care differed when symptoms were affecting them in the work domain; and (2) empirically re-evaluate the effectiveness of a SMHC model for work-related disability using a pre-post chart review of N = 3960 referrals to SMHC. ANOVA and logistic regression were performed to examine symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ) and disability (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, WHODAS 2) at entry and discharge...
March 24, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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