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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110395/relative-contribution-of-health-related-behaviours-and-chronic-diseases-to-the-socioeconomic-patterning-of-low-grade-inflammation
#1
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Amalia De Curtis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: To test the association of low-grade inflammation with socioeconomic status (SES) and determine the relative contribution of prevalent chronic diseases and health-related behaviours in explaining such association. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 19,867 subjects (age ≥35, 48.1% men) recruited within the Moli-sani study from 2005 to 2010 (Italy). A score of low-grade inflammation, including platelet and leukocyte counts, the granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein was applied...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109691/erectile-dysfunction-in-male-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-psoriasis
#2
Alexander Egeberg, Peter R Hansen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lone Skov, Jacob P Thyssen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with psoriasis have increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but data on atopic dermatitis (AD) are less clear-cut. However, it is well-established that erectile dysfunction (ED) can serve as a risk marker for coronary disease. AIM: To investigate the incidence, prevalence, and risk of ED in men with psoriasis and AD. METHODS: The sample included all Danish men at least 30 years old. In patients with AD and psoriasis, we determined disease severity based on use of systemic therapy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109688/development-of-a-healthy-aging-score-in-the-population-based-rotterdam-study-evaluating-age-and-sex-differences
#3
Loes Jaspers, Josje D Schoufour, Nicole S Erler, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Marileen L P Portegies, Sanaz Sedaghat, Lies Lahousse, Guy G Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Henning Tiemeier, M Arfan Ikram, Joop S E Laven, Oscar H Franco, Maryam Kavousi
OBJECTIVES: To develop a healthy aging score (HAS), to assess age and sex differences in HAS, and to evaluate the association of the HAS with survival. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort. SETTING: Inhabitants of Ommoord, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1405 men and 2122 women, mean (standard deviation) age 75.9 (6.4) years. MAIN MEASURES: We included 7 domains in the total score of HAS: chronic diseases, mental health, cognitive function, physical function, pain, social support, and quality of life; each scored 0, 1, or 2 in each domain...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#4
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109340/effectiveness-of-an-integrated-community-and-clinic-based-intervention-on-hiv-testing-hiv-knowledge-and-sexual-risk-behavior-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-myanmar
#5
Poe Poe Aung, Claire Ryan, Ashish Bajracharya, Naanki Pasricha, Zaw Win Thein, Paul A Agius, Than Tun Sein, Lisa Willenberg, Ei Mon Soe, Ne Tun Zaw, Waimar Tun, Eileen Yam, Stanley Luchters
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in Myanmar are disproportionately affected by HIV, with prevalence five times that of the general population. The Link Up project implemented an intervention using peer education and outreach providing education and counseling on health seeking around sexually transmitted infections and reproductive health, combined with focused clinic capacity building to improve the sexual and reproductive health of YMSM. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of the intervention...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109339/stigma-reduction-training-improves-healthcare-provider-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-young-marginalized-people-in-bangladesh
#6
Scott Geibel, Sharif M I Hossain, Julie Pulerwitz, Nargis Sultana, Tarik Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Lucy Stackpool-Moore, Barbara A Friedland, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Eileen Yam
PURPOSE: Working with health providers to reduce HIV stigma in the healthcare setting is an important strategy to improve service utilization and quality of care, especially for young people who are sexually active before marriage, are sexual minorities, or who sell sex. A stigma reduction training program for health providers in Bangladesh was evaluated. METHODS: A cohort of 300 healthcare providers were given a self-administered questionnaire, then attended a 2-day HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights training (including a 90-minute session on stigma issues)...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109338/linking-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-and-hiv-services-for-young-people-the-link-up-project
#7
Lucy Stackpool-Moore, Divya Bajpai, Georgina Caswell, Tyler Crone, Fleur Dewar, Greg Gray, Allen Kyendikuwa, Julie Mellin, Andrew Miller, Felicity Morgan, Luisa Orza, Jacqui Stevenson, Nienke Westerhof, Felicia Wong, Eileen Yam, Brady Zieman
Sexual health and access to services are a pressing need for young people. This article introduces Link Up, a 3-year project in three African and two Asian countries, to enable and scale up access to integrated HIV services and sexual and reproductive health and rights for marginalized young people. The young people we worked with in this project included young men who have sex with men, young sex workers, young people who use drugs, young transgender people, young homeless people, and other vulnerable young people...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109337/paying-for-sex-by-young-men-who-live-on-the-streets-in-dhaka-city-compounded-sexual-risk-in-a-vulnerable-migrant-community
#8
Tracy L McClair, Tarik Hossain, Nargis Sultana, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Eileen A Yam, Sharif Hossain, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Michele R Decker, Saifuddin Ahmed
PURPOSE: Dhaka City is home to thousands of migrants from Bangladesh's rural areas who often live in the streets. Prior studies examine street youth's practice of selling sex as a survival mechanism. We assess their less-studied practice of paying for sex and its association with sexual risk behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: As part of the global Link Up project, trained interviewers recruited 447 young men who live on the streets, ages 15-24, from seven Dhaka City "hotspots" to participate in a survey about sexual health...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#9
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109278/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulceration-translation-and-polish-adaptation-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-scale-short-form
#10
Tomasz Macioch, Elżbieta Sobol, Arkadiusz Krakowiecki, Beata Mrozikiewicz-Rakowska, Monika Kasprowicz, Tomasz Hermanowski
OBJECTIVES: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication of diabetes and not only an important factor of mortality among patients with diabetes but also decreases the quality of life. The short form of Diabetic Foot Ulcer Scale (DFS-SF) provides comprehensive measurement of the impact of diabetic foot ulcers on patients' health related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of this study was to translate DFS-SF into Polish and evaluate its psychometric performance in patients with diabetic foot ulcers...
January 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108877/a-moderated-mediation-model-of-hiv-related-stigma-depression-and-social-support-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-incarcerated-malaysian-men-with-hiv-and-opioid-dependence
#12
Roman Shrestha, Michael Copenhaver, Alexander R Bazazi, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice
Although it is well established that HIV-related stigma, depression, and lack of social support are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLH), no studies to date have examined how these psychosocial factors interact with each other and affect HRQoL among incarcerated PLH. We, therefore, incorporated a moderated mediation model (MMM) to explore whether depression mediates the effect of HIV-related stigma on HRQoL as a function of the underlying level of social support...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108130/contribution-of-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-related-factors-to-the-differences-in-metabolic-syndrome-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-migrants-compared-with-finns
#13
N Skogberg, T Laatikainen, A Jula, T Härkänen, E Vartiainen, P Koponen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a substantially increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined the contribution of length of residence, socioeconomic position and lifestyle-related factors to the differences in the prevalence of MetS among migrants compared with Finns. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from randomly sampled 30-64year-old health examination participants (318 Russian, 212 Somali, and 321 Kurdish origin migrants) of the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey (2010-2012) were used...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107885/comorbidities-with-chronic-physical-conditions-and-gender-profiles-of-illness-in-schizophrenia-results-from-prest-a-new-health-dataset
#14
Andrea Gabilondo, Edurne Alonso-Moran, Roberto Nuño-Solinis, Juan F Orueta, Alvaro Iruin
OBJECTIVE: Using data from a large health dataset, the objectives are to describe the epidemiology of comorbidities with chronic physical conditions in schizophrenia, to identify gender profiles of illness and to discuss findings in the light of previous research. METHODS: The PREST health database was used which combines high quality and complementary data from numerous public health care resources in the Basque Country (Spain). RESULTS: A total number of 2,255,406 patients were included in this study and 7331 had a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#15
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#16
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#17
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107459/associations-of-health-club-membership-with-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-health
#18
Elizabeth C Schroeder, Gregory J Welk, Warren D Franke, Duck-Chul Lee
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates whether a health club membership is associated with meeting the US physical activity (PA) guidelines and/or favorable cardiovascular health. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data of health club members (n = 204) and non-members (n = 201) from April to August 2013, this is the first study to our knowledge to examine a health club membership in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators including resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and cardiorespiratory fitness based on a non-exercise test algorithm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107391/recreational-drug-use-among-chinese-msm-and-transgender-individuals-results-from-a-national-online-cross-sectional-study
#19
Peizhen Zhao, Songyuan Tang, Cheng Wang, Ye Zhang, John Best, Thitikarn May Tangthanasup, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker, Weiming Tang
BACKGROUND: Recreational drug use has increased considerably among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). The phenomenon has the potentially to increase HIV transmission among Chinese MSM. The aims of this study were: 1) to investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use among Chinese MSM, and 2) to explore the correlation between gay smartphone based sex-seeking applications (gay apps), HIV/STIs testing, group sex, commercial sex, sexual roles and poppers use among Chinese MSM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
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