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oral facial digital syndrome

Arjan Bouman, Mariëlle Alders, Roelof Jan Oostra, Elisabeth van Leeuwen, Nikki Thuijs, Anne-Marie van der Kevie-Kersemaekers, Merel van Maarle
Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1; OMIM# 311200) is an X-linked dominant ciliopathy caused by mutations in the OFD1 gene. This condition is characterized by facial anomalies and abnormalities of oral tissues, digits, brain, and kidneys. Almost all affected patients are female, as OFD1 is presumed to be lethal in males, mostly in the first or second trimester of pregnancy. Live born males with OFD1 are a rare occurrence, with only five reported patients to date. In four patients the presence of a congenital heart defect (CHD) was observed...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Ange-Line Bruel, Brunella Franco, Yannis Duffourd, Julien Thevenon, Laurence Jego, Estelle Lopez, Jean-François Deleuze, Diane Doummar, Rachel H Giles, Colin A Johnson, Martijn A Huynen, Véronique Chevrier, Lydie Burglen, Manuela Morleo, Isabelle Desguerres, Geneviève Pierquin, Bérénice Doray, Brigitte Gilbert-Dussardier, Bruno Reversade, Elisabeth Steichen-Gersdorf, Clarisse Baumann, Inusha Panigrahi, Anne Fargeot-Espaliat, Anne Dieux, Albert David, Alice Goldenberg, Ernie Bongers, Dominique Gaillard, Jesús Argente, Bernard Aral, Nadège Gigot, Judith St-Onge, Daniel Birnbaum, Shubha R Phadke, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Thibaut Eguether, Gregory J Pazour, Vicente Herranz-Pérez, Jaclyn S Goldstein, Laurent Pasquier, Philippe Loget, Sophie Saunier, André Mégarbané, Olivier Rosnet, Michel R Leroux, John B Wallingford, Oliver E Blacque, Maxence V Nachury, Tania Attie-Bitach, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Laurence Faivre, Christel Thauvin-Robinet
Oral-facial-digital syndromes (OFDS) gather rare genetic disorders characterised by facial, oral and digital abnormalities associated with a wide range of additional features (polycystic kidney disease, cerebral malformations and several others) to delineate a growing list of OFDS subtypes. The most frequent, OFD type I, is caused by a heterozygous mutation in the OFD1 gene encoding a centrosomal protein. The wide clinical heterogeneity of OFDS suggests the involvement of other ciliary genes. For 15 years, we have aimed to identify the molecular bases of OFDS...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
M M Al-Qattan, H E Shamseldin, M A Salih, F S Alkuraya
GLI3 mutations are known to be associated with nine syndromes/conditions in which polydactyly is a feature. In this review, the embryology, pathogenesis, and animal models of GLI3-related polydactyly are discussed first. This is followed by a detailed review of the genotype-phenotype correlations. Based on our review of the literature and our clinical experiences, we recommend viewing GLI3-related syndromes/conditions as four separate entities; each characterized by a specific pattern of polydactyly. These four entities are: the preaxial polydactyly type IV-Greig-acrocallosal spectrum, postaxial polydactyly types A/B, Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS), and oral-facial-digital overlap syndrome...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Genetics
Xun Wang, Cong Zheng, Wen Liu, Hui Yang
To identify the cause of a sudden binocular vision decrease in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and bilateral idiopathic demyelinating optic neuritis is difficult, but early diagnosis and treatment significantly improve the prognosis. Here, we report a 6-year-old boy with a progressive binocular vision decrease in 38 days. The patient had a history of night blindness, a mottled retina without pigmentation, extinguished electroretinographic response, tritanopia, and an absent ellipsoid zone outside the macula fovea by optical coherence tomography in both eyes...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
M J Hajianpour, Hannah Bombei, Scott M Lieberman, Rachael Revell, Rachana Krishna, Robert Gregorsok, Simon Kao, Jeff M Milunsky
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital (LADD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable lacrimal and salivary gland hypoplasia and aplasia, auricular anomalies and hearing loss, dental defects and caries, and digital anomalies. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present the cases of 2 unrelated children with enamel defects and history of dry mouth leading to recurrent dental caries. The referring diagnoses were Sjögren disease and hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
Masoud Dehghan Tezerjani, Reza Maroofian, Mohammad Yahya Vahidi Mehrjardi, Barry A Chioza, Shiva Zamaninejad, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Mahmoud Nori-Shadkam, Hamidreza Ghadimi, Emma L Baple, Andrew H Crosby, Mohammadreza Dehghani
Oral-facial-digital syndrome as heterogeneous developmental conditions is characterized by abnormalities in the oral cavity, facial features and digits. Furthermore, central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities can also be part of this developmental disorder. At least 13 forms of OFDS based on their pattern of signs and symptoms have been identified so far. Type 1 which is now considered to be a ciliopathy accounts for the majority of cases. It is transmitted in an X-linked dominant pattern and caused by mutations in OFD1 gene, which can result in embryonic male lethality...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Iga Abramowicz, Gillian Carpenter, Mariaevelina Alfieri, Rita Colnaghi, Emily Outwin, Philippe Parent, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Daniela Iaconis, Brunella Franco, Mark O'Driscoll
Defects in OFD1 underlie the clinically complex ciliopathy, Oral-Facial-Digital syndrome Type I (OFD Type I). Our understanding of the molecular, cellular and clinical consequences of impaired OFD1 originates from its characterised roles at the centrosome/basal body/cilia network. Nonetheless, the first described OFD1 interactors were components of the TIP60 histone acetyltransferase complex. We find that OFD1 can also localise to chromatin and its reduced expression is associated with mis-localization of TIP60 in patient-derived cell lines...
January 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Noraziana Fadzilah, Mawaddah Azman, Goh Bee See
Lingual hamartoma is a rare finding of congenital midline posterior tongue mass. The lesion may be seen as a single anomaly or maybe associated with syndrome especially the Oral Facial Digital Syndrome (OFDS). Here, we report an otherwise normal and healthy two-month-old boy with a congenital midline base of tongue mass presented with snoring and episodic vomiting since the age of 1 month. Tumour excision from the area of foramen of caecum recovered a pinkish pedunculated tumour. Histopathology examination confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyomatous lingual hamartoma...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sheena Sharma, Jennifer M Kalish, Ethan M Goldberg, Francis Jeshira Reynoso, Madhura Pradhan
Background. Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1) is a rare condition with X-linked dominant inheritance caused by mutations in the Cxorf5 (OFD1) gene. This gene encodes the OFD1 protein located within centrosomes and basal bodies of primary cilia. Approximately 15-50% of patients with OFD1 progress to end-stage kidney disease following development of polycystic changes within the kidneys. This condition almost always causes intrauterine lethality in males. Description of Case Diagnosis and Treatment. A Caucasian male aged 9 years and 9 months presented with increased urinary frequency, increased thirst, and decreased appetite...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
Glen R Monroe, Isabelle Fpm Kappen, Marijn F Stokman, Paulien A Terhal, Marie-José H van den Boogaard, Sanne Mc Savelberg, Lars T van der Veken, Robert Jj van Es, Susanne M Lens, Rutger C Hengeveld, Marijn A Creton, Nard G Janssen, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Michelle B Ebbeling, Rachel H Giles, Nine V Knoers, Gijs van Haaften
The oral-facial-digital (OFD) syndromes comprise a group of related disorders with a combination of oral, facial and digital anomalies. Variants in several ciliary genes have been associated with subtypes of OFD syndrome, yet in most OFD patients the underlying cause remains unknown. We investigated the molecular basis of disease in two brothers with OFD type II, Mohr syndrome, by performing single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array analysis on the brothers and their healthy parents to identify homozygous regions and candidate genes...
December 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Hirotomo Saitsu, Masaki Sonoda, Takefumi Higashijima, Hiroshi Shirozu, Hiroshi Masuda, Jun Tohyama, Mitsuhiro Kato, Mitsuko Nakashima, Yoshinori Tsurusaki, Takeshi Mizuguchi, Satoko Miyatake, Noriko Miyake, Shigeki Kameyama, Naomichi Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) is a congenital anomalous brain tumor. Although most HHs are found without any other systemic features, HH is observed in syndromic disorders such as Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS) and oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFD). Here, we explore the possible involvement of somatic mutations in HH. METHODS: We analyzed paired blood and hamartoma samples from 18 individuals, including three with digital anomalies, by whole-exome sequencing...
May 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Susanne Roosing, Marta Romani, Mala Isrie, Rasim Ozgur Rosti, Alessia Micalizzi, Damir Musaev, Tommaso Mazza, Lihadh Al-Gazali, Umut Altunoglu, Eugen Boltshauser, Stefano D'Arrigo, Bart De Keersmaecker, Hülya Kayserili, Sarah Brandenberger, Ichraf Kraoua, Paul R Mark, Trudy McKanna, Joachim Van Keirsbilck, Philippe Moerman, Andrea Poretti, Ratna Puri, Hilde Van Esch, Joseph G Gleeson, Enza Maria Valente
BACKGROUND: Ciliopathies are an extensive group of autosomal recessive or X-linked disorders with considerable genetic and clinical overlap, which collectively share multiple organ involvement and may result in lethal or viable phenotypes. In large numbers of cases the genetic defect remains yet to be determined. The aim of this study is to describe the mutational frequency and phenotypic spectrum of the CEP120 gene. METHODS: Exome sequencing was performed in 145 patients with Joubert syndrome (JS), including 15 children with oral-facial-digital syndrome type VI (OFDVI) and 21 Meckel syndrome (MKS) fetuses...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Brunella Franco, Christel Thauvin-Robinet
Oral-facial-digital syndromes (OFDS) represent a heterogeneous group of rare developmental disorders affecting the mouth, the face and the digits. Additional signs may involve brain, kidneys and other organs thus better defining the different clinical subtypes. With the exception of OFD types I and VIII, which are X-linked, the majority of OFDS is transmitted as an autosomal recessive syndrome. A number of genes have already found to be mutated in OFDS and most of the encoded proteins are predicted or proven to be involved in primary cilia/basal body function...
2016: Cilia
Ingrid M Wentzensen, Jennifer J Johnston, John H Patton, John M Graham, Julie C Sapp, Leslie G Biesecker
Orofaciodigital syndrome type 1 or oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFDS1, OMIM #311200) is an X-linked malformation syndrome caused by hemizygous mutations in the OFD1 (OMIM #300170) gene with presumed male lethality. Recently males with OFDS1 and mutations in OFD1 have been described. We report a 17-year-old male with molar tooth sign, small cerebellum with absence of the cerebellar vermis, complex polydactyly with a Y-shaped metacarpal, renal failure and craniofacial anomalies caused by a novel splice-mutation (c...
2016: Human Genome Variation
J Thevenon, L Duplomb, S Phadke, T Eguether, A Saunier, M Avila, V Carmignac, A-L Bruel, J St-Onge, Y Duffourd, G J Pazour, B Franco, T Attie-Bitach, A Masurel-Paulet, J-B Rivière, V Cormier-Daire, C Philippe, L Faivre, C Thauvin-Robinet
The 13 subtypes of oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFDS) belong to the heterogeneous group of ciliopathies. Disease-causing genes encode for centrosomal proteins, components of the transition zone or proteins implicated in ciliary signaling. A unique consanguineous family presenting with an unclassified OFDS with skeletal dysplasia and brachymesophalangia was explored. Homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing led to the identification of a homozygous mutation in IFT57, which encodes a protein implicated in ciliary transport...
April 7, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Divya G Moodalbail, Leah Z Apple, Kevin E Meyers, Jill P Ginsberg, Bernard S Kaplan, Richard Bellah
Cystic kidney disease includes a wide range of hereditary, developmental, and acquired conditions of the kidneys. Some of the inherited causes of cystic kidney disease include autosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseases (caused by mutations in PKD1 or PKD2), autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, von Hippel-Lindau disease, oral-facial-digital syndrome type I, and Hadju-Cheney syndrome. Acquired cystic kidney disease has been reported in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and in children after liver transplantation...
July 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Chunmei Li, Victor L Jensen, Kwangjin Park, Julie Kennedy, Francesc R Garcia-Gonzalo, Marta Romani, Roberta De Mori, Ange-Line Bruel, Dominique Gaillard, Bérénice Doray, Estelle Lopez, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Laurence Faivre, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Jeremy F Reiter, Oliver E Blacque, Enza Maria Valente, Michel R Leroux
Cilia have a unique diffusion barrier ("gate") within their proximal region, termed transition zone (TZ), that compartmentalises signalling proteins within the organelle. The TZ is known to harbour two functional modules/complexes (Meckel syndrome [MKS] and Nephronophthisis [NPHP]) defined by genetic interaction, interdependent protein localisation (hierarchy), and proteomic studies. However, the composition and molecular organisation of these modules and their links to human ciliary disease are not completely understood...
March 2016: PLoS Biology
Véronique Chevrier, Ange-Line Bruel, Teunis J P Van Dam, Brunella Franco, Melissa Lo Scalzo, Frédérique Lembo, Stéphane Audebert, Emilie Baudelet, Daniel Isnardon, Angélique Bole, Jean-Paul Borg, Paul Kuentz, Julien Thevenon, Lydie Burglen, Laurence Faivre, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Martijn A Huynen, Daniel Birnbaum, Olivier Rosnet, Christel Thauvin-Robinet
Oral-facial-digital (OFD) syndromes are rare heterogeneous disorders characterized by the association of abnormalities of the face, the oral cavity and the extremities, some due to mutations in proteins of the transition zone of the primary cilia or the closely associated distal end of centrioles. These two structures are essential for the formation of functional cilia, and for signaling events during development. We report here causal compound heterozygous mutations of KIAA0753/OFIP in a patient with an OFD VI syndrome...
February 1, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
A Havle, S Shedge, S Malashetti, V Jain
We present a case of oro-facial-digital syndrome type II (Mohr's syndrome) which is characterized by malformations of the oral cavity, face and digits. The facial and oral features include tongue nodules, cleft or high-arched palate, missing teeth, broad nose; cleft lip. The digital features include clinodactyly, polydactyly, syndactyly, brachydactyly and duplication of the hallux.
May 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Elizabeth N Schock, Ching-Fang Chang, Ingrid A Youngworth, Megan G Davey, Mary E Delany, Samantha A Brugmann
The chicken has been a particularly useful model for the study of craniofacial development and disease for over a century due to their relatively large size, accessibility, and amenability for classical bead implantation and transplant experiments. Several naturally occurring mutant lines with craniofacial anomalies also exist and have been heavily utilized by developmental biologist for several decades. Two of the most well known lines, talpid(2) (ta(2)) and talpid(3) (ta(3)), represent the first spontaneous mutants to have the causative genes identified...
July 15, 2016: Developmental Biology
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