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Matthew J Peterson
Background: Identifying impairments prior to onset of physical frailty may inform targeted interventions. An objective, clinically feasible early frailty measure, termed performance-based early frailty (PBEF) was developed, and antecedent and current risk factors were examined. Method: Data were from N = 104 participants of the Fels Longitudinal Study. PBEF was derived from age-specific cut points for time to complete five chair stands and walk four meters. "Pre-PBEF" and "PBEF" were defined as impairment in one or both measures, respectively...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Piotr Celichowski, Karol Jopek, Marta Szyszka, Marianna Tyczewska, Ludwik K Malendowicz, Marcin Rucinski
INTRODUCTION: Sirtuins are NAD dependent class III histone deacetylases. In adrenal cortex mitochondria are able to transform - via nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (NNT) - NAD into NADPH, which is required for steroidogenesis. These findings suggest that sirtuins expressed in mitochondria, Sirt3, Sirt4 and Sirt5, may be associated with adrenal steroidogenesis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the expression of mitochondrial sirtuins (Sirt3-5) in individual compartments of rat adrenal cortex, their developmental regulation and to demonstrate whether their expression is dependent on adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and Nampt (nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase also known as visfatin/PBEF), the rate-limiting enzyme in the regulation of mammalian NAD synthesis...
2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Cecilia Y Cheung, Debra F Anderson, Robert A Brace
Current evidence suggests that amniotic fluid volume (AFV) is actively regulated by vesicular transport of amniotic fluid outward across the amnion and into the underlying fetal vasculature in the placenta. Our objective was to determine whether gene expression profiles of potential stimulators, inhibitors, and mediators of vesicular transport are altered in response to changes in intramembranous absorption (IMA) rate. Samples of ovine amnion and chorion were obtained from fetal sheep with normal, experimentally reduced or increased AFVs and IMA rates...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
Mona H El Samahi, Nagwa Abdallah Ismail, Randa M Matter, Abeer Selim, Alshaymaa Ahmed Ibrahim, Walaa Nabih
BACKGROUND: Visfatin is an intracellular enzyme, known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) and pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF-1). It has insulin-mimetic effects and lowers plasma glucose levels. AIM: The aim of the work was to assess serum concentration of Visfatin in type 1 diabetic children and adolescents and study its relationships with duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), glycemic control, insulin dosage, lipid profile and microvascular complications...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Jia Yu He, Huan Jin Cui, Li Jun Tang, Jinwen Chen, Wei Min Huang
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) using an established cell model of BPD. For this purpose, EA.hy926 cell cultures were divided into 4 groups as follows: the air group as the blank control, the hyperoxia group, the hyperoxia plus PBEF siRNA group and the hyperoxia plus scramble siRNA group. Cell viability and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined using respective kits...
September 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Tereza Pavlová, Filip Zlámal, Zbyněk Šplíchal, Josef Tomandl, Zuzana Hodická, Pavel Ventruba, Julie Bienertová-Vašků
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to investigate differences in visfatin concentrations between mothers with term and preterm birth (PTB) and between mothers who delivered within seven days and after more than seven days following admission for PTB/preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROMs). METHODS: Maternal peripheral blood and cord blood were collected from 56 mothers with PTB (31 with PPROM) and 71 mothers with term delivery (three with PPROM). RESULTS: Maternal visfatin concentration was significantly higher for given gestational age in PTBs compared to term deliveries (p = ...
July 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hong Rye Kim, Jae Eun Lee, Reza Kheirkhahi Oqani, So Yeon Kim, Teruhiko Wakayama, Chong Li, Su Jin Sa, Je Seok Woo, Dong Il Jin
Cloned mice derived from somatic or ES cells show placental overgrowth (placentomegaly) at term. We had previously analyzed cloned and normal mouse placentae by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to identify differential protein expression patterns. Cloned placentae showed upregulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), which is involved in extracellular matrix degradation and tissue remodeling, and downregulation of pre-B cell colony enhancing factor 1 (PBEF), which inhibits apoptosis and induces spontaneous labor...
2016: PloS One
Caroline Maria Marcos, Haroldo Cesar de Oliveira, Julhiany de Fátima da Silva, Patricia Akemi Assato, Daniella Sayuri Yamazaki, Rosângela Aparecida Moraes da Silva, Cláudia Tavares Santos, Norival Alves Santos-Filho, Deivys Leandro Portuondo, Maria José Soares Mendes-Giannini, Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida
Paracoccidioides spp., which are temperature-dependent dimorphic fungi, are responsible for the most prevalent human systemic mycosis in Latin America, the paracoccidioidomycosis. The aim of this study was to characterise the involvement of elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis-host interaction. Adhesive properties were examined using recombinant PbEF-Tu proteins and the respective polyclonal anti-rPbEF-Tu antibody. Immunogold analysis demonstrated the surface location of EF-Tu in P...
November 2016: FEMS Yeast Research
Xiaowan Wang, Hailong Li, Shinghua Ding
We previously demonstrated that Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF), also known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme in mammalian NAD(+) biosynthesis pathway, plays a brain and neuronal protective role in ischemic stroke. In this study, we further investigated the mechanism of its neuroprotective effect after ischemia in the primary cultured mouse cortical neurons. Using apoptotic cell death assay, fluorescent imaging, molecular biology, mitochondrial biogenesis measurements and Western blotting analysis, our results show that the overexpression of PBEF in neurons can significantly promote neuronal survival, reduce the translocation of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) from mitochondria to nuclei and inhibit the activation of capase-3 after glutamate-induced excitotoxicity...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ambra A Grolla, Cristina Travelli, Armando A Genazzani, Jaswinder K Sethi
In this review, we focus on the secreted form of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT); extracellular NAMPT (eNAMPT), also known as pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor or visfatin. Although intracellular NAMPT is a key enzyme in controlling NAD metabolism, eNAMPT has been reported to function as a cytokine, with many roles in physiology and pathology. Circulating eNAMPT has been associated with several metabolic and inflammatory disorders, including cancer. Because cytokines produced in the tumour micro-environment play an important role in cancer pathogenesis, in part by reprogramming cellular metabolism, future improvements in cancer immunotherapy will require a better understanding of the crosstalk between cytokine action and tumour biology...
July 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Judith Z Drexler, Charles N Alpers, Leonid A Neymark, James B Paces, Howard E Taylor, Christopher C Fuller
In this paper, we provide the first record of millennial patterns of Pb and Hg concentrations on the west coast of the United States. Peat cores were collected from two micro-tidal marshes in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta of California. Core samples were analyzed for Pb, Hg, and Ti concentrations and dated using radiocarbon and (210)Pb. Pre-anthropogenic concentrations of Pb and Hg in peat ranged from 0.60 to 13.0μgg(-1)and from 6.9 to 71ngg(-1), respectively. For much of the past 6000+ years, the Delta was free from anthropogenic pollution, however, beginning in ~1425CE, Hg and Pb concentrations, Pb/Ti ratios, Pb enrichment factors (EFs), and HgEFs all increased...
May 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Tereza Pavlová, Jan Novák, Julie Bienertová-Vašků
Visfatin (PBEF/Nampt) is an adipocytokine that exerts pleiotropic effects within the human body, particularly affecting its metabolism and immunity. Visfatin was originally identified as being secreted by peripheral blood lymphocytes acting as a pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF). However, it was subsequently reported to be expressed in almost every tissue of the human body, with visceral fat deposits being the main source of visfatin. In addition to its secreted form, visfatin may also be found intracellularly where it functions as a nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt)...
November 2015: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Ambra A Grolla, Simone Torretta, Ilaria Gnemmi, Angela Amoruso, Giuseppe Orsomando, Marco Gatti, Antonio Caldarelli, Dmitry Lim, Lorenza Penengo, Sandra Brunelleschi, Armando A Genazzani, Cristina Travelli
High plasma levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), traditionally considered an intracellular enzyme with a key role in NAD synthesis, have been reported in several oncological, inflammatory and metabolic diseases. We now show that eNAMPT can be actively released by melanoma cells in vitro. We analysed the mechanisms of its release, and we found both classical and non-classical pathway involvement. eNAMPT released by melanoma cells, in our hands, has paracrine and autocrine effects: it activates MAPK, AKT and NF-κB pathways and increases colony formation in anchorage-independent conditions...
November 2015: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Wei Yang, Yuan Zeng, Bin Li, Jianliang Zhou, Yi Gong, Jianjun Xu, Xiao Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the relationship between PBEF and VEGF and p-MLC and the mechanism of PBEF increasing permeability of endothelial cells in hypoxia/re-oxygenation. METHODS: Hypoxia/re-oxygenation model was established and PBEF siRNA was synthesized. According to the different HUVEC treatment, it can be divided into normal control group, PBEF siRNA group; hypoxia (20 hours) and re-oxygenation (3 h) group, hypoxia (20 h) and re-oxygenation (6 h) group, hypoxia (20 h) and re-oxygenation (9 hours) group, hypoxia (20 h)/re-oxygenation (12 h)...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Sara M Camp, Ermelinda Ceco, Carrie L Evenoski, Sergei M Danilov, Tong Zhou, Eddie T Chiang, Liliana Moreno-Vinasco, Brandon Mapes, Jieling Zhao, Gamze Gursoy, Mary E Brown, Djanybek M Adyshev, Shahid S Siddiqui, Hector Quijada, Saad Sammani, Eleftheria Letsiou, Laleh Saadat, Mohammed Yousef, Ting Wang, Jie Liang, Joe G N Garcia
Ventilator-induced inflammatory lung injury (VILI) is mechanistically linked to increased NAMPT transcription and circulating levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyl-transferase (NAMPT/PBEF). Although VILI severity is attenuated by reduced NAMPT/PBEF bioavailability, the precise contribution of NAMPT/PBEF and excessive mechanical stress to VILI pathobiology is unknown. We now report that NAMPT/PBEF induces lung NFκB transcriptional activities and inflammatory injury via direct ligation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)...
2015: Scientific Reports
Guang-Feng Ming, Xin-Hua Ma, Dao-Miao Xu, Zhi-Yong Liu, Yu-Hang Ai, Hui-Xia Liu, Zan-Hua Shi
Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been shown to have a variety of biological functions. Studies have proven that PBEF plays a functional role in acute lung injury (ALI). Therefore, in this study, we aimed to confirm the importance of PBEF in ALI. The effects of PBEF overexpression on the apoptosis of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the results indicated that PBEF promoted the apoptosis of HPMECs, which aggravated the development of ALI...
September 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Z Y Gao, X Y Li, V Bhandari, L D Li, D Lan
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening syndrome involving a final common pathway of hypercytokinemia, in which tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and soluble interleukin 2-receptor-alpha (sIL-2Rα) are the key cytokines. Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) is an inflammatory cytokine involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, its role in HLH is unknown. In this study, we examined the role of PBEF in HLH. Plasma was collected from 22 children with HLH and 14 healthy children...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Katarzyna Neubauer, Iwona Bednarz Misa, Dorota Diakowska, Bartosz Kapturkiewicz, Andrzej Gamian, Malgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka
Targeting Nampt/PBEF/visfatin is considered a promising anticancer strategy, yet little is known about its association with colorectal cancer (CRC). We quantified Nampt/PBEF/visfatin expression in bowel and blood (mRNA and protein), referring it to CRC advancement and inflammatory, angiogenic, hypoxia, and proliferation indices. Tumor Nampt/PBEF/visfatin upregulation was associated with metastasis, anemia, tumor location, HIF1α, and inflammatory and angiogenic indices, of which HIF1α, IL1β, and anemia explained 70% in Nampt/PBEF/visfatin variability...
2015: BioMed Research International
Simon Kaja, Anna A Shah, Shamim A Haji, Krishna B Patel, Yuliya Naumchuk, Alexander Zabaneh, Bryan C Gerdes, Nancy Kunjukunju, Nelson R Sabates, Michael A Cassell, Ron K Lord, Kevin P Pikey, Abraham Poulose, Peter Koulen
The main objective of the study was to quantify serum levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt/pre-B-Cell colony-enhancing factor 1/visfatin) in subjects with a history of retinal vascular occlusions (RVOs), disease conditions characterized by pronounced ischemia, and metabolic energy deficits. A case-control study of 18 subjects with a history of RVO as well as six healthy volunteers is presented. Serum Nampt levels were quantified using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Yong-Hui Ding, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Chun-Fang Ha, Xue-Yu Zhang, Shu-Ting Pan, Zhi-Xu He, Jeffrey L Edelman, Dong Wang, Yin-Xue Yang, Xueji Zhang, Wei Duan, Tianxin Yang, Jia-Xuan Qiu, Shu-Feng Zhou
Ovarian cancer is a leading killer of women, and no cure for advanced ovarian cancer is available. Alisertib (ALS), a selective Aurora kinase A (AURKA) inhibitor, has shown potent anticancer effects, and is under clinical investigation for the treatment of advanced solid tumor and hematologic malignancies. However, the role of ALS in the treatment of ovarian cancer remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of ALS on cell growth, apoptosis, autophagy, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), and the underlying mechanisms in human epithelial ovarian cancer SKOV3 and OVCAR4 cells...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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