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Shrimp anti-viral protein

Baozhen Sun, Xiyi Qian, Fei Zhu
The role of the nuclease, HARBI1-like protein (mjHARBI1-like) in the innate immunity of Marsupenaeus japonicus was explored in this study. The 1361 bp cDNA sequence of mjHARBI1-like was cloned from M. japonicus using RACE. RT-qPCR analysis results showed that the gills and hepatopancreas of M. japonicus were the main tissues where mjHARBI1-like is expressed. In addition, it was also found that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) or Vibrio alginolyticus challenge could stimulate mjHARBI1-like expression. After mjHARBI1-likewas inhibited, expression of immune genes such as toll, p53, myosin, and proPO were significantly downregulated (P < 0...
April 19, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kantamas Apitanyasai, Piti Amparyup, Walaiporn Charoensapsri, Pakkakul Sangsuriya, Anchalee Tassanakajon
Hemocyte homeostasis-associated protein (PmHHAP) was first identified as a viral-responsive gene, due to a high upregulation in transcription following white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. Functional studies using RNA interference have suggested that PmHHAP is involved in hemocyte homeostasis by controlling apoptosis during WSSV infection. In this study, the role of PmHHAP in host-viral interactions was further investigated. Yeast two-hybrid assay and co-immunoprecipitation revealed that PmHHAP binds to an anti-apoptosis protein, WSSV134...
May 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sen Xu, Wen-Ying Liu, Fei-Fei Zhao, You-Jie Li, Zhen Yue, Fei Jiao, Shu-Yang Xie
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) pathway is the key branch of unfolded protein response (UPR). In this study, a homolog of ATFα from Marsupenaeus japonicus (MjATF6) was identified using genome sequencing and characterized, so as to investigate the role of ATF6 pathway in anti-viral immunity of M. japonicus. The cDNA of MjATF6 obtained was 1008 bp in length, with an open reading frame (ORF) of 849bp, which had encoded a putative of 283 amino acid proteins. Results of qRT-PCR showed that MjATF6 was distributed in all the six tested tissues, with the higher expression level being seen in hemocytes and hepatopancreas...
April 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Chean Yeah Yong, Swee Keong Yeap, Abdul Rahman Omar, Wen Siang Tan
Nodaviruses are small bipartite RNA viruses which belong to the family of Nodaviridae. They are categorized into alpha-nodavirus, which infects insects, and beta-nodavirus, which infects fishes. Another distinct group of nodavirus infects shrimps and prawns, which has been proposed to be categorized as gamma-nodavirus. Our current review focuses mainly on recent studies performed on nodaviruses. Nodavirus can be transmitted vertically and horizontally. Recent outbreaks have been reported in China, Indonesia, Singapore and India, affecting the aquaculture industry...
2017: PeerJ
T Rajkumar, G Taju, S Abdul Majeed, M Sinwan Sajid, S Santhosh Kumar, S Sivakumar, S Thamizhvanan, S Vimal, A S Sahul Hameed
In recent years, researchers have focused on viral and plant immunostimulants which could have beneficial effects in disease prevention and control in shrimp culture. At present, the application of the recombinant VP28 protein (r-VP28) and herbal immunostimulant has been considered as a more effective approach to prevent white spot syndrome (WSS) by enhancing the immune response in shrimp. In the present study, expression of selected immune related genes in response to r-VP28 and herbal immunostimulant mix (HIM) were separately studied qualitatively and quantitatively by RT-PCR and real time PCR, respectively during ontogenetic development from nauplius to juvenile stage in Litopenaeus vannamei...
November 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Jantiwan Sutthangkul, Piti Amparyup, Jai-Hoon Eum, Michael R Strand, Anchalee Tassanakajon
Inhibition of the host melanization reaction, activated by the prophenoloxidase activating (proPO) system, is one of the crucial evasion strategies of pathogens. Recently, the shrimp pathogen, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), was found to inhibit melanization in the shrimp Penaeus monodon. The viral protein WSSV453 was previously shown to interact with PO-activating enzyme 2 (PmPPAE2) and reported to be involved in suppressing the shrimp melanization response after WSSV infection. Here, we characterized how WSSV453 inhibits melanization...
April 2017: Journal of General Virology
Thanachai Methatham, Pakpoom Boonchuen, Phattarunda Jaree, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Kunlaya Somboonwiwat
The anti-lipopolysaccharide factor isoform 3 (ALFPm3), the antimicrobial peptide from Penaeus monodon, possesses antibacterial and antiviral activities. Although the mechanism of action of ALFPm3 against bacteria has been revealed but its antiviral mechanism is still unclear. To further study how the ALFPm3 exhibits antiviral activity against the enveloped virus, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the ALFPm3-interacting proteins from WSSV were sought and identified five ALFPm3-interacting proteins, WSSV186, WSSV189, WSSV395, WSSV458, and WSSV471...
April 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Sheng Wang, Xuan Song, Zijian Zhang, Haoyang Li, Kai Lǚ, Bin Yin, Jianguo He, Chaozheng Li
JAK/STAT pathway is one of cytokine signaling pathways and mediates diversity immune responses to protect host from viral infection. In this study, LvSOCS2, a member of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) families, has been cloned and identified from Litopenaeus vannamei. The full length of LvSOCS2 is 1601 bp, including an 1194 bp open reading frame (ORF) coding for a putative protein of 397 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of ∼42.3 kDa. LvSOCS2 expression was most abundant in gills and could respond to the challenge of LPS, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphhylococcus aureus, Poly (I: C) and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)...
December 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xin Huang, Ting Ye, Min Jin, Wen Wang, Kaimin Hui, Qian Ren
Members of the Ras-like GTPase superfamily are key regulators of diverse cellular and developmental events, including differentiation, cell division, vesicle transport, nuclear assembly, and cytoskeleton control. In this study, three Ras family members (MjRap, MjRas, and MjRal) were cloned from Marsupenaeus japonicus. The full lengths of MjRap, MjRas, and MjRal are 788, 1330, and 2074 bp, which encode the proteins of 186, 202, and 198 amino acids respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Rap, Ras, and Ral from different species gather together...
August 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Peng-Cheng Chai, Xiao-Ling Song, Guo-Fu Chen, Hua Xu, Jie Huang
This study conducted a 30-day feeding trial and a subsequent 20-day anti-virus infection trial to determine the effects of probiotic Bacillus PC465 on the growth, health status, and disease resistance of Litopenaeus vannamei. Shrimp samples were fed with three practical diets prepared from shrimp feed containing varying probiotic doses [0 (control), 10(7), and 10(9) CFU g(-1)]. Probiotic supplementation significantly increased the weight gain and survival of L. vannamei (p < 0.05). The effect of 10(9) CFU g(-1) on the growth rate was higher than that of 10(7) CFU g(-1)...
July 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tareerat Lertwimol, Pakkakul Sangsuriya, Kornsunee Phiwsaiya, Saengchan Senapin, Amornrat Phongdara, Chuenchit Boonchird, Timothy W Flegel
White spot syndrome virus proteins WSSV134 and WSSV322 have been shown to bind with the p20 domain (residues 55-214) of Penaeus monodon caspase (PmCasp) protein through yeast two-hybrid screening. Binding was confirmed for the p20 domain and the full-length caspase by co-immunoprecipitation. WSSV134 is also known as the WSSV structural protein VP36A, but no function or conserved domains have been ascribed to WSSV322. Discovery of the caspase binding activity of these two proteins led to an investigation of their possible anti-apoptotic roles...
May 2014: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tawut Rudtanatip, Somluk Asuvapongpatana, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul, Kanokpan Wongprasert
The present study was aimed at evaluating an underlying mechanism of the antiviral activity of the sulfated galactans (SG) isolated from the red seaweed Gracilaria fisheri against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in haemocytes of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Primary culture of haemocytes from Penaeus monodon was performed and inoculated with WSSV, after which the cytopathic effect (CPE), cell viability and viral load were determined. Haemocytes treated with WSSV-SG pre-mix showed decreased CPE, viral load and cell mortality from the viral infection...
May 2014: Journal of General Virology
Yaodong He, Kai Yang, Xiaobo Zhang
Viral microRNAs (miRNAs), most of which are characterized in cell lines, have been found to play important roles in the virus life cycle to avoid attack by the host immune system or to keep virus in the latency state. Viral miRNAs targeting virus genes can inhibit virus infection. In this study, in vivo findings in Marsupenaeus japonicus shrimp revealed that the viral miRNAs could target virus genes and further promote the virus infection. The results showed that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-encoded miRNAs WSSV-miR-66 and WSSV-miR-68 were transcribed at the early stage of WSSV infection...
January 2014: Journal of Virology
Xiao-Wei Chen, Li-Hua Kang, Ding Ding, Qian Liu, Jin-Xing Wang, Cui-Jie Kang
Accumulating evidence suggests that peroxiredoxins (Prx) are key molecules in the pathogenesis of various infectious diseases and are potential therapeutic targets for major diseases such as cancers. In this study, we report a peroxiredoxin IV (Prx IV) in Marsupenaeus japonicus, designated as MjPrx IV, which exhibited peroxidase activity and participated in the anti-white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) immune response. MjPrx IV is a 245-amino acid polypeptide with a predicted 19-amino acid signal peptide, an Ahpc-TSA domain, and a 1-Cys PrxC domain...
December 2013: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
K Fraser Clark, Spencer J Greenwood, Adam R Acorn, Philip J Byrne
The adult American lobster (Homarus americanus) is susceptible to few naturally occurring pathogens, and no viral pathogen is known to exist. Despite this, relatively little is known about the H. americanus immune system and nothing is known about its potential viral immune response. Hundreds of rural communities in Atlantic Canada rely on the lobster fishery for their economic sustainability and could be devastated by large-scale pathogen-mediated mortality events. The White Spot Syndrome Virus is the most economically devastating viral pathogen to global shrimp aquaculture production and has been proposed to be capable of infecting all decapod crustaceans including the European Lobster...
November 2013: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Subhendu Kumar Otta
Protein-protein interaction studies have been widely used in several fields to characterize an unknown protein. This in turn helps to find out several pathways to understand a complex mechanism or discover a drug for treatment. Among the methods, yeast two-hybrid has widely been used in human, animal and plant research studies. This aspect of research has also been found useful in understanding the shrimp virus gene function. With respect to White spot syndrome virus, interaction studies have been applied to elucidate virus structure, understand the mode of entry of the virus, mechanism of virus replication and also to discover some of the host anti-viral proteins...
September 2012: Indian Journal of Virology: An Official Organ of Indian Virological Society
Wenbin Zhan, Xiaolu Wang, Yanyan Chi, Xiaoqian Tang
To investigate the interaction between white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-VP37 and gill membrane proteins (GMPs) of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), the VP37 protein was expressed and purified, and a distinct 53 kDa VP37-binding protein band was identified in GMPs by virus overlay protein binding assay and GST pull-down assay. By electroelution, the VP37 binding protein was purified and identified as F(1)ATP synthase β (F(1)ATPase β) subunit by Mass Spectrometry. The purified F(1)ATPase β subunit was used to immunize BALB/C mice to produce monoclonal antibodies (Mabs)...
January 2013: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tianzhi Huang, Xiaobo Zhang
Growing evidence from mammals suggests that host microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the antiviral immune response. However, the roles of invertebrate miRNAs in response to virus infection remain to be investigated. Based on our previous studies, the shrimp miR-7 was found to be upregulated in response to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. In this study, the results showed that shrimp miR-7 could target the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the WSSV early gene wsv477, implying that miR-7 was involved in viral DNA replication...
December 2012: Journal of Virology
N S Sudheer, Rosamma Philip, I S Bright Singh
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the most contagious pathogen of cultured shrimp, causes mass mortality, leading to huge economic loss to the shrimp industry. The lack of effective therapeutic or prophylactic measures has aggravated the situation, necessitating the development of antiviral agents. With this objective, the antiviral activity in the aqueous extract of a mangrove plant Ceriops tagal in Penaeus monodon was evaluated. The Ceriops tagal aqueous extract (CTAE) was non-toxic to shrimps at 50 mg/ml when injected intramuscularly at a dosage of 10 μL/animal (0...
September 2012: Archives of Virology
Yi-Hong Chen, Li Zhao, Li-Ran Pang, Xiao-Yun Li, Shao-Ping Weng, Jian-Guo He
The inositol-requiring enzyme-1 (IRE1)-X-box binding protein 1 (IRE1-XBP1) pathway is the key branch of the unfolded protein response (UPR). To investigate the role of the IRE1-XBP1 pathway in reducing environmental stress and increasing anti-viral immunity in Litopenaeus vannamei, homologues of IRE1 (designated as LvIRE1) and XBP1 (designated as LvXBP1) were identified and characterized. The full-length cDNA of LvIRE1 is 4908bp long, with an open reading frame (ORF) that encodies a putative 1174 amino acid protein...
September 2012: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
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