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Shrimp primary cell culture

Kwanta Thansa, Patchari Yocawibun, Hathaitip Suksodsai
A key to successfully generate the penaeid shrimp cell line is to find out how primary cells died. The most suitable period to culture Penaeus monodon haemocytes was in the first 48 h of culture because cells had normal morphology, high percent of viable cells (65.29 ± 5.43%), low percent of early (11.75 ± 1.30%) and late apoptotic cells (15.47 ± 11.71%) determined by Annexin V and TUNEL including constant IAP (0.06 ± 0.01-0.07 ± 0.01) and caspase-3 expression (0.30 ± 0.06-0.39 ± 0.10) by real-time PCR throughout the experiment...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lamai Maikaeo, Wilaiwan Chotigeat, Wilawan Mahabusarakam
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC is a plant used in traditional medicine to treat several viral and bacterial diseases. The antiviral activities of selected Sephadex LH-20 column fractions and HPLC subfractions of an acetone extract of E. sonchifolia leaves were determined in shrimp Penaeus merguiensis primary lymphoid cells infected with either white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) or yellow head virus (YHV). WSSV and YHV replication was quantified using quantitative real-time PCR tests targeted to the VP19 and ORF1b gene transcripts, respectively...
July 23, 2015: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Wenfeng Li, Vo Van Tuan, Khuong Van Thuong, Peter Bossier, Hans Nauwynck
Since no cell line from shrimp has been established up till now, an optimization of the primary cell culture protocol is necessary. In this context, the effect of extracts (supernatant of a 1:50 (w/v) suspension) from different shrimp organs (muscle, brain, ganglia, eyestalk, ovary, and eye) on the performance of primary lymphoid cell cultures was evaluated. Ten percent of eye extract and 3% of ovary extract enhanced maximally the migration and survival of cells of the lymphoid organ of Litopenaeus vannamei significantly at 48, 96, and 144 h post seeding...
August 2015: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Sonia A Soto-Rodriguez, Bruno Gomez-Gil, Rodolfo Lozano-Olvera, Miguel Betancourt-Lozano, Maria Soledad Morales-Covarrubias
Moribund shrimp affected by acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) from farms in northwestern Mexico were sampled for bacteriological and histological analysis. Bacterial isolates were molecularly identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus by the presence of the tlh gene. The tdh-negative, trh-negative, and tlh-positive V. parahaemolyticus strains were further characterized by repetitive extragenic palindromic element-PCR (rep-PCR), and primers AP1, AP2, AP3, and AP and an ems2 IQ2000 detection kit (GeneReach, Taiwan) were used in the diagnostic tests for AHPND...
March 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ting Chen, Nai-Kei Wong, Xiao Jiang, Xing Luo, Lvping Zhang, Dan Yang, Chunhua Ren, Chaoqun Hu
Nitric oxide (NO) is a key effector molecule produced in the innate immune systems of many species for antimicrobial defense. However, how NO production is regulated during bacterial infection in invertebrates, especially crustaceans, remains poorly understood. Vibrio harveyi, a Gram-negative marine pathogen, is among the most prevalent and serious threats to the world's shrimp culture industry. Its virulence typically manifests itself through shrimp hepatopancreas destruction. In the current study, we found that NO generated by an in vitro donor system (NOC-18) could rapidly and effectively kill V...
January 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xing Luo, Ting Chen, Ming Zhong, Xiao Jiang, Lvping Zhang, Chunhua Ren, Chaoqun Hu
Molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), a peptide member of the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family, is commonly considered as a negative regulator during the molt cycle in crustaceans. Phylogenetic analysis of CHH family peptides in penaeidae shrimps suggested that there is no significant differentiation between MIH and vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH, another peptide member of CHH family), by far the most potent negative regulator of crustacean vitellogenesis known. Thus, MIH may also play a role in regulating vitellogenesis...
June 2015: Peptides
Suwattana Visetnan, Suchao Donpudsa, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
A 5-domain Kazal type serine proteinase inhibitor SPIPm2 from Penaeus monodon is involved in innate immune defense against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). To test which domains were involved, the 5 domains of SPIPm2 were over-expressed and tested against WSSV infection. By using hemocyte primary cell culture treated with each recombinant SPIPm2 domain along with WSSV, the expression of WSSV early genes ie1, WSV477 and late gene VP28 were substantially reduced as compared to other domains when the recombinant domain 2, rSPIPm2D2, was used...
December 2014: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tawut Rudtanatip, Somluk Asuvapongpatana, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul, Kanokpan Wongprasert
The present study was aimed at evaluating an underlying mechanism of the antiviral activity of the sulfated galactans (SG) isolated from the red seaweed Gracilaria fisheri against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in haemocytes of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Primary culture of haemocytes from Penaeus monodon was performed and inoculated with WSSV, after which the cytopathic effect (CPE), cell viability and viral load were determined. Haemocytes treated with WSSV-SG pre-mix showed decreased CPE, viral load and cell mortality from the viral infection...
May 2014: Journal of General Virology
Ting Chen, Lv-Ping Zhang, Nai-Kei Wong, Ming Zhong, Chun-Hua Ren, Chao-Qun Hu
Ovarian maturation in crustaceans is temporally orchestrated by two processes: oogenesis and vitellogenesis. The peptide hormone vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH), by far the most potent negative regulator of crustacean reproduction known, critically modulates crustacean ovarian maturation by suppressing vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis. In this study, cDNA encoding VIH was cloned from the eyestalk of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, a highly significant commercial culture species. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that L...
March 2014: Biology of Reproduction
Zih-Jhan Huang, Shih-Ting Kang, Jiann-Horng Leu, Li-Li Chen
The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has had a serious economic impact on the global shrimp aquaculture industry in the past two decades. Although research has clarified a lot about its genome and structure, the mechanism of how WSSV enters a cell is still unclear. In this study to determine this mechanism, primary cultured hemocytes were used as an experimental model to observe the process of WSSV entry because the stable shrimp cell lines for WSSV infection are lacking. After labeling virions and endosomes with fluorescent dyes followed by observation with a confocal microscope, the results show that the WSSV colocalizes with early endosomes...
September 2013: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lyric C Bartholomay, Duan S Loy, J Dustin Loy, D L Harris
The Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei (Penaeidae: Litopenaeus) has emerged as the dominant farmed shrimp species globally in tropical countries. Rearing animals at high density in semi-intensive or intensive culture systems, and translocating animals across the globe, have created optimum conditions for devastating epizootics. Of the various pathogens that impact shrimp culture, viruses are arguably the most important infectious disease agents that exact devastating economic losses to the industry...
June 2012: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Huai-Ting Huang, Jiann-Horng Leu, Po-Yu Huang, Li-Li Chen
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), a large enveloped DNA virus, can cause the most serious viral disease in shrimp and has a wide host range among crustaceans. In this study, we identified a surface protein, named glucose transporter 1 (Glut1), which could also interact with WSSV envelope protein, VP53A. Sequence analysis revealed that Glut1 is a member of a large superfamily of transporters and that it is most closely related to evolutionary branches of this superfamily, branches that function to transport this sugar...
2012: PloS One
Hongwei Wang, Duanbo Cai, Kaiming Li, Haiming Xu, Likun Yang, Na Zhu
The effects of different calcium (Ca(2+)), magnesium (Mg(2+)), and zinc (Zn(2+)) concentrations supplemented on hepatopancreatic cell proliferation of kuruma prawn, Penaeus japonicus was studied. The culture system consists of medium 199 (M 199) supplemented with 0.060 mol/L NaCl, 1.011 g/L glucose, 1,000 UI/ml penicillin, 1,000 μg/ml treptomycin, heat inactivated fetal calf serum (FCS) 20% for primary cell culture and 10% for subculture. The RNA/DNA ratio of the cell cultures was measured. The results show that the cell division of hepatopancreatic cells of P...
August 2012: Biological Trace Element Research
Junfang Zhou, Wenhong Fang, Xianle Yang, Shuai Zhou, Linlin Hu, Xincang Li, Xinyong Qi, Hang Su, Layue Xie
Recurrent outbreaks of a disease in pond-cultured juvenile and subadult Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in several districts in China remain an important problem in recent years. The disease was characterized by "white tail" and generally accompanied by mass mortalities. Based on data from the microscopical analyses, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequencing, a new Vibrio harveyi strain (designated as strain HLB0905) was identified as the etiologic pathogen. The bacterial isolation and challenge tests demonstrated that the HLB0905 strain was nonluminescent but highly virulent...
2012: PloS One
S Jose, P Jayesh, N S Sudheer, G Poulose, A Mohandas, R Philip, I S Bright Singh
Shrimp cell lines are yet to be reported and this restricts the prospects of investigating the associated viral pathogens, especially white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). In this context, development of primary cell cultures from lymphoid organs was standardized. Poly-l-lysine-coated culture vessels enhanced growth of lymphoid cells, while the application of vertebrate growth factors did not, except insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Susceptibility of the lymphoid cells to WSSV was confirmed by immunofluoresence assay using monoclonal antibody against the 28 kDa envelope protein of WSSV...
May 2012: Journal of Fish Diseases
Fang Li, Wei Ke, Xiumin Yan, Limei Xu
Lack of efficient gene delivery and expression methods is the major obstacle for crustacean research in the cellular level. Here, we reported the construction of an expression vector with a strong promoter from shrimp white spot syndrome virus. This vector could efficiently express foreign genes in the primary culture of crayfish hemocytes with the transfection efficiency between 5 and 10% by electroporation. Our findings provide a method for in vitro gene functional study in primary crayfish cells.
July 2011: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Guojian Jiang, Xiaohui Xu, Yi Jing, Ruixin Wang, Tingjun Fan
Cell growth in primary cell culture of the brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) embryo at 12 and 20 h after rehydration at 25°C was examined comparatively in modified Leibovitz-15 medium. The cells from A. sinica embryo at 12 h after rehydration were dispersed, and the cells disseminated but did not attach to the surface of wells and multiply at 2 d of culture, and 12 d later, the cells were degenerated and dead. The best growth of the brine shrimp cells was obtained from the prenauplii of A. sinica at 20 h after dormant embryo rehydration...
June 2011: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Barbara Koller, Alisa Sophie Müller-Wiefel, Rudolph Rupec, Hans Christian Korting, Thomas Ruzicka
BACKGROUND: Chitin, after cellulose the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature, is an essential component of exoskeletons of crabs, shrimps and insects and protects these organisms from harsh conditions in their environment. Unexpectedly, chitin has been found to activate innate immune cells and to elicit murine airway inflammation. The skin represents the outer barrier of the human host defense and is in frequent contact with chitin-bearing organisms, such as house-dust mites or flies...
2011: PloS One
Seena Jose, P Jayesh, A Mohandas, Rosamma Philip, I S Bright Singh
Lack of shrimp cell lines has hindered the study of pollutants which adversely affects shrimp health and its export value. In this context a primary haemocyte culture developed from Penaeus monodon was employed for assessing the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of two heavy metal compounds, cadmium chloride and mercuric chloride and two organophosphate insecticides, malathion and monocrotophos. Using MTT assay 12 h IC(50) values calculated were 31.09 ± 16.27 μM and 5.52 ± 1.16 μM for cadmium chloride and mercuric chloride and 59...
April 2011: Marine Environmental Research
Sunil K George, Krista N Kaizer, Yelena M Betz, Arun K Dhar
The propagation of Taura syndrome virus (TSV) in primary hemocyte culture of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) was investigated. Purified TSV was inoculated into a 24 h old primary hemocyte culture and the development of cytopathic effects was monitored. The cell morphology started changing within 6 h post-inoculation; TSV-infected hemocytes started shrinking and granular structures began to form on the cell surface. There was a gradual loss of cell viability and, by 48 h post-inoculation, most cells detached from the bottom of the 96 well microplate...
March 2011: Journal of Virological Methods
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