Read by QxMD icon Read

Shrimp primary cell culture

Ting Chen, Chunhua Ren, Xiao Jiang, Lvping Zhang, Hongmei Li, Wen Huang, Chaoqun Hu
Vitellogenesis is the process of yolk formation via accumulating vitellin (Vn) with nutrients in the oocytes. Expression of vitellogenin (Vg), the precursor of Vn, is one of the indicators for the start of vitellogenesis. In Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), the type-II vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH-2) effectively suppresses hepatopancreatic Vg mRNA expression. In this study, we demonstrate the increasing transcript levels of hepatopancreatic Vg during L. vannamei ovarian development, suggesting that the hepatopancreas-derived Vg/Vn may also contribute to vitellogenesis in this species...
2018: PloS One
Cuicui Liang, Yuhao Wang, Yujie Wang, Xuemei Chen, Huarong Guo
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), a catalytic subunit of telomerase, plays a key role in the activity and biological functions of telomerase. In the present study we isolated and characterized the full-length cDNA and DNA sequences of the TERT gene (MeTERT) from Metapenaeus ensis. MeTERT cDNA was 4239 bp in length, which consisted of a 369 bp 5'UTR, a 3231 bp open reading frame encoding 1076 amino acids, and a 639 bp 3'UTR. The genomic DNA of MeTERT had only two introns, similar to beetle (two introns) and silkworm (intronless)...
October 2017: Zoological Science
Melissa Lund, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Robert J Dusek, Jan Shivers, Erik Hofmeister
In November and December of 2013, a large mortality event involving 15,000 to 20,000 eared grebes ( Podiceps nigricollis ) occurred at the Great Salt Lake (GSL), UT. The onset of the outbreak in grebes was followed by a mortality event in >86 bald eagles ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ). During the die-off, West Nile virus (WNV) was detected by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) or viral culture in the carcasses of grebes and eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center. However, no activity of mosquitoes, the primary vectors of WNV, was detected by the State of Utah's WNV monitoring program...
July 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ji Hye Kim, Hae Jin Jeong, An Suk Lim, Ji Eun Kwon, Kyung Ha Lee, Kwan Ha Park, Hyung Seop Kim
Scuticociliatosis, which is caused by parasitic protistan pathogens known as scuticociliates, is one of the most serious diseases in marine aquaculture worldwide. Thus, elimination of these ciliates is a primary concern for scientists and managers in the aquaculture industry. To date, formalin and other toxic chemicals have been used as anti-scuticociliate agents, but issues regarding their secondary effects often arise. Consequently, development of safer methods is necessary. To find out a safe method of controlling scuticociliate populations in aqua-tanks or small-scale natural environments, cultures of 14 phototrophic dinoflagellates were tested to determine whether they were able to control populations of the common scuticociliates Miamiensis avidus and Miamiensis sp...
March 2017: Harmful Algae
P R N Vieira-Girão, C B Falcão, I R C B Rocha, H M R Lucena, F H F Costa, G Rádis-Baptista
The shrimp farming has been converted into a mature aquaculture industry dealing with over millions of metric tonnes of processed commodities. Nevertheless, the global shrimp productions are constantly threatened by disease outbreaks, mainly triggered by rapidly disseminating viruses. Infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV) is one of these epizootic agents affecting shrimp production in Brazil, of which no treatment exists. Herein, the antiviral activity against IMNV of an eicosapeptide, named Ctn[15-34], derived from a member of the cathelicidin family of antimicrobial peptides, was demonstrated...
September 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
Narguess H Marei, W El-Mazny, Aida El-Shaer, Kareem Dorri Zaki, Zahra S Hussein, Emtithal M Abd-El-Samie
Chitosan (CS) has received great attention in tissue engineering, especially in wound healing acceleration. In this study, chitin was isolated from desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) and shrimp (Penaeus monodon) then deacetylated to chitosan. Then, chitosan was characterized by degree of deacetylation (DD), molecular weight (M.Wt), swelling index (SI), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X ray diffraction (XRD). The chitosan was then casted into 2D scaffolds and was pictured using scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kwanta Thansa, Patchari Yocawibun, Hathaitip Suksodsai
A key to successfully generate the penaeid shrimp cell line is to find out how primary cells died. The most suitable period to culture Penaeus monodon haemocytes was in the first 48 h of culture because cells had normal morphology, high percent of viable cells (65.29 ± 5.43%), low percent of early (11.75 ± 1.30%) and late apoptotic cells (15.47 ± 11.71%) determined by Annexin V and TUNEL including constant IAP (0.06 ± 0.01-0.07 ± 0.01) and caspase-3 expression (0.30 ± 0.06-0.39 ± 0.10) by real-time PCR throughout the experiment...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lamai Maikaeo, Wilaiwan Chotigeat, Wilawan Mahabusarakam
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC is a plant used in traditional medicine to treat several viral and bacterial diseases. The antiviral activities of selected Sephadex LH-20 column fractions and HPLC subfractions of an acetone extract of E. sonchifolia leaves were determined in shrimp Penaeus merguiensis primary lymphoid cells infected with either white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) or yellow head virus (YHV). WSSV and YHV replication was quantified using quantitative real-time PCR tests targeted to the VP19 and ORF1b gene transcripts, respectively...
July 23, 2015: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Wenfeng Li, Vo Van Tuan, Khuong Van Thuong, Peter Bossier, Hans Nauwynck
Since no cell line from shrimp has been established up till now, an optimization of the primary cell culture protocol is necessary. In this context, the effect of extracts (supernatant of a 1:50 (w/v) suspension) from different shrimp organs (muscle, brain, ganglia, eyestalk, ovary, and eye) on the performance of primary lymphoid cell cultures was evaluated. Ten percent of eye extract and 3% of ovary extract enhanced maximally the migration and survival of cells of the lymphoid organ of Litopenaeus vannamei significantly at 48, 96, and 144 h post seeding...
August 2015: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Sonia A Soto-Rodriguez, Bruno Gomez-Gil, Rodolfo Lozano-Olvera, Miguel Betancourt-Lozano, Maria Soledad Morales-Covarrubias
Moribund shrimp affected by acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) from farms in northwestern Mexico were sampled for bacteriological and histological analysis. Bacterial isolates were molecularly identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus by the presence of the tlh gene. The tdh-negative, trh-negative, and tlh-positive V. parahaemolyticus strains were further characterized by repetitive extragenic palindromic element-PCR (rep-PCR), and primers AP1, AP2, AP3, and AP and an ems2 IQ2000 detection kit (GeneReach, Taiwan) were used in the diagnostic tests for AHPND...
March 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ting Chen, Nai-Kei Wong, Xiao Jiang, Xing Luo, Lvping Zhang, Dan Yang, Chunhua Ren, Chaoqun Hu
Nitric oxide (NO) is a key effector molecule produced in the innate immune systems of many species for antimicrobial defense. However, how NO production is regulated during bacterial infection in invertebrates, especially crustaceans, remains poorly understood. Vibrio harveyi, a Gram-negative marine pathogen, is among the most prevalent and serious threats to the world's shrimp culture industry. Its virulence typically manifests itself through shrimp hepatopancreas destruction. In the current study, we found that NO generated by an in vitro donor system (NOC-18) could rapidly and effectively kill V...
January 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xing Luo, Ting Chen, Ming Zhong, Xiao Jiang, Lvping Zhang, Chunhua Ren, Chaoqun Hu
Molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), a peptide member of the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family, is commonly considered as a negative regulator during the molt cycle in crustaceans. Phylogenetic analysis of CHH family peptides in penaeidae shrimps suggested that there is no significant differentiation between MIH and vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH, another peptide member of CHH family), by far the most potent negative regulator of crustacean vitellogenesis known. Thus, MIH may also play a role in regulating vitellogenesis...
June 2015: Peptides
Suwattana Visetnan, Suchao Donpudsa, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
A 5-domain Kazal type serine proteinase inhibitor SPIPm2 from Penaeus monodon is involved in innate immune defense against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). To test which domains were involved, the 5 domains of SPIPm2 were over-expressed and tested against WSSV infection. By using hemocyte primary cell culture treated with each recombinant SPIPm2 domain along with WSSV, the expression of WSSV early genes ie1, WSV477 and late gene VP28 were substantially reduced as compared to other domains when the recombinant domain 2, rSPIPm2D2, was used...
December 2014: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tawut Rudtanatip, Somluk Asuvapongpatana, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul, Kanokpan Wongprasert
The present study was aimed at evaluating an underlying mechanism of the antiviral activity of the sulfated galactans (SG) isolated from the red seaweed Gracilaria fisheri against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in haemocytes of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Primary culture of haemocytes from Penaeus monodon was performed and inoculated with WSSV, after which the cytopathic effect (CPE), cell viability and viral load were determined. Haemocytes treated with WSSV-SG pre-mix showed decreased CPE, viral load and cell mortality from the viral infection...
May 2014: Journal of General Virology
Ting Chen, Lv-Ping Zhang, Nai-Kei Wong, Ming Zhong, Chun-Hua Ren, Chao-Qun Hu
Ovarian maturation in crustaceans is temporally orchestrated by two processes: oogenesis and vitellogenesis. The peptide hormone vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH), by far the most potent negative regulator of crustacean reproduction known, critically modulates crustacean ovarian maturation by suppressing vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis. In this study, cDNA encoding VIH was cloned from the eyestalk of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, a highly significant commercial culture species. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that L...
March 2014: Biology of Reproduction
Zih-Jhan Huang, Shih-Ting Kang, Jiann-Horng Leu, Li-Li Chen
The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has had a serious economic impact on the global shrimp aquaculture industry in the past two decades. Although research has clarified a lot about its genome and structure, the mechanism of how WSSV enters a cell is still unclear. In this study to determine this mechanism, primary cultured hemocytes were used as an experimental model to observe the process of WSSV entry because the stable shrimp cell lines for WSSV infection are lacking. After labeling virions and endosomes with fluorescent dyes followed by observation with a confocal microscope, the results show that the WSSV colocalizes with early endosomes...
September 2013: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lyric C Bartholomay, Duan S Loy, J Dustin Loy, D L Harris
The Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei (Penaeidae: Litopenaeus) has emerged as the dominant farmed shrimp species globally in tropical countries. Rearing animals at high density in semi-intensive or intensive culture systems, and translocating animals across the globe, have created optimum conditions for devastating epizootics. Of the various pathogens that impact shrimp culture, viruses are arguably the most important infectious disease agents that exact devastating economic losses to the industry...
June 2012: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Huai-Ting Huang, Jiann-Horng Leu, Po-Yu Huang, Li-Li Chen
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), a large enveloped DNA virus, can cause the most serious viral disease in shrimp and has a wide host range among crustaceans. In this study, we identified a surface protein, named glucose transporter 1 (Glut1), which could also interact with WSSV envelope protein, VP53A. Sequence analysis revealed that Glut1 is a member of a large superfamily of transporters and that it is most closely related to evolutionary branches of this superfamily, branches that function to transport this sugar...
2012: PloS One
Hongwei Wang, Duanbo Cai, Kaiming Li, Haiming Xu, Likun Yang, Na Zhu
The effects of different calcium (Ca(2+)), magnesium (Mg(2+)), and zinc (Zn(2+)) concentrations supplemented on hepatopancreatic cell proliferation of kuruma prawn, Penaeus japonicus was studied. The culture system consists of medium 199 (M 199) supplemented with 0.060 mol/L NaCl, 1.011 g/L glucose, 1,000 UI/ml penicillin, 1,000 μg/ml treptomycin, heat inactivated fetal calf serum (FCS) 20% for primary cell culture and 10% for subculture. The RNA/DNA ratio of the cell cultures was measured. The results show that the cell division of hepatopancreatic cells of P...
August 2012: Biological Trace Element Research
Junfang Zhou, Wenhong Fang, Xianle Yang, Shuai Zhou, Linlin Hu, Xincang Li, Xinyong Qi, Hang Su, Layue Xie
Recurrent outbreaks of a disease in pond-cultured juvenile and subadult Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in several districts in China remain an important problem in recent years. The disease was characterized by "white tail" and generally accompanied by mass mortalities. Based on data from the microscopical analyses, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequencing, a new Vibrio harveyi strain (designated as strain HLB0905) was identified as the etiologic pathogen. The bacterial isolation and challenge tests demonstrated that the HLB0905 strain was nonluminescent but highly virulent...
2012: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"