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Recombinant baculovirus

Christine Koehler, Paul F Sauter, Mirella Wawryszyn, Gemma Estrada Girona, Kapil Gupta, Jonathan J M Landry, Markus Hsi-Yang Fritz, Ksenija Radic, Jan-Erik Hoffmann, Zhuo A Chen, Juan Zou, Piau Siong Tan, Bence Galik, Sini Junttila, Peggy Stolt-Bergner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Attila Gyenesei, Carsten Schultz, Moritz Bosse Biskup, Hueseyin Besir, Vladimir Benes, Juri Rappsilber, Martin Jechlinger, Jan O Korbel, Imre Berger, Stefan Braese, Edward A Lemke
We present a baculovirus-based protein engineering method that enables site-specific introduction of unique functionalities in a eukaryotic protein complex recombinantly produced in insect cells. We demonstrate the versatility of this efficient and robust protein production platform, 'MultiBacTAG', (i) for the fluorescent labeling of target proteins and biologics using click chemistries, (ii) for glycoengineering of antibodies, and (iii) for structure-function studies of novel eukaryotic complexes using single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer as well as site-specific crosslinking strategies...
October 17, 2016: Nature Methods
Margit Fuchs, Marie-Chloé Boulanger, Herman Lambert, Jacques Landry, Josée N Lavoie
Cellular processes such as mitosis and cell differentiation are governed by changes in cell shape that largely rely on proper remodeling of the cell cytoskeletal structures. This involves the assembly-disassembly of higher-order macromolecular structures at a given time and location, a process that is particularly sensitive to perturbations caused by overexpression of proteins. Methods that can preserve protein homeostasis and maintain near-to-normal cellular morphology are highly desirable to determine the functional contribution of a protein of interest in a wide range of cellular processes...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Cheuk Wun Li, Roman Osman, Francesca Menconi, Erlinda S Concepcion, Yaron Tomer
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome 3 variant (APS3v) refers to the co-occurrence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD) and type 1 diabetes (T1D) within the same individual. HLA class II confers the strongest susceptibility to APS3v. We previously identified a unique amino acid signature of the HLA-DR pocket (designated APS3v HLA-DR pocket) that predisposes to APS3v. We hypothesized that both thyroid and islet peptides can be presented by the unique APS3v HLA-DR pocket, triggering AITD + T1D together. To test this hypothesis we screened islet and thyroid peptides for their ability to bind to the APS3v HLA-DR pocket...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Qi Qi, Lunguang Yao, Zhisheng Liang, Donghua Yan, Zhuo Li, Yadong Huang, Jingchen Sun
Human type II collagen is a macromolecular protein found throughout the human body. The baculovirus expression vector system is one of the most ideal systems for the routine production and display of recombinant eukaryotic proteins in insect, larvae, and mammalian cells. We use this system to express a full-length gene, human type II collagen cDNA (4257 bp), in cultured Spodoptera frugiperda 9 cells (Sf9), Bombyx mori cells, and silkworm larvae. In this study, the expression of human type II collagen gene in both insect cells and silkworm larvae was purified by nickel column chromatography, leading to 300-kDa bands in SDS-PAGE and western blotting indicative of collagen α-chains organized in a triple-helical structure...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Y Zhang, Y Shi, H Yu, J Li, Y Quan, T Shu, Z Nie, Y Zhang, W Yu
Baculoviridae is a family of invertebrate viruses with large double-stranded DNA genomes. Proteins encoded by some late expression factor (lef ) genes are involved in the regulation of viral gene expression. Lef-9 is one of four transcription-specific Lefs, which are components of the virus-encoded RNA polymerase, and can initiate and transcribe late and very late genes. As a multifunctional protein encoded by the Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), Lef-9 may be involved in the regulation of viral propagation...
2016: Acta Virologica
Yanyan Miao, Aihua Liang, Yuejun Fu
The baculovirus Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) possesses p35 gene, which encodes antiapoptosis protein P35 (or Ac-P35). A previous study showed that deleting p35 promoted premature cytolysis and caused the reduction of virus yield. In this report, we examined the role of P35 in regulating the expression of Ac-IAPs (inhibitor of apoptosis proteins in AcMNPV) and SfP53 (an apoptosis protein in Sf9 cells), and its effect on the production of progeny virus. Results showed that the overexpression of P35 caused a delay in the increase process of SfP53 before 36-h post infection and improved the transcription levels of iaps gene dramatically; it was more favorable to improve the transcription level of iap1 at 24-72 h post infection...
September 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Jennifer L Mehalko, Dominic Esposito
One of the most common methods for producing recombinant baculovirus for insect cell protein production involves a transposition mediated system invented over 2 decades ago. This Tn7-mediated system, commercially sold as Bac-to-Bac, has proven highly useful for construction of high quality baculovirus, but suffers from a number of drawbacks which reduce the efficiency of the process and limit its utility for high throughput protein production processes. We describe here the creation of Bac-2-the-Future, a 2nd generation Tn7-based system for recombinant baculovirus production which uses optimized expression vectors, new E...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Quan Nguyen, Trinh Tb Tran, Leslie Cl Chan, Lars K Nielsen, Steven Reid
Baculoviruses are recognized as viral workhorses of biotechnology, being used for production of vaccines, complex recombinant proteins, gene delivery vectors' and safe biological pesticides. Improving production yields and understanding the interactions of the virus and its host cell are important aspects of ensuring baculovirus-based processes are commercially competitive. This study aims at potential optimization of host cells used in in vitro virus production by systemically investigating changes in host gene expression in response to virus replication and transcription inside host cells...
November 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Zhikang Peng, Li Caihe, Andrew N Beckett, Qingdong Guan, Anthony A James, F Estelle R Simons
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of mosquito allergy has been hampered by the laborious task of obtaining mosquito salivary allergens. We have previously studied 3 recombinant (r) Aedes aegypti mosquito salivary allergens: rAed a 1, rAed a 2 and rAed a 3. Here, we report the expression, purification, identification and evaluation of rAed a 4, a 67-kDa α-glucosidase. METHODS: rAed a 4 was expressed using a baculovirus/insect cell system, purified by a combination of anion- and cation-exchange chromatography, and identified by immunoblotting...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Haroldo Cid da Silva, Cristiane Pinheiro Pestana, Ricardo Galler, Marco Alberto Medeiros
The use of recombinant proteins may represent an alternative model to inactivated vaccines against hepatitis A virus (HAV). The present study aimed to express the VP1 protein of HAV in baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS). The VP1 was expressed intracellularly with molecular mass of 35 kDa. The VP1 was detected both in the soluble fraction and in the insoluble fraction of the lysate. The extracellular expression of VP1 was also attempted, but the protein remained inside the cell. To verify if hydrophobic characteristics would also be present in the HAV structural polyprotein, the expression of P1-2A protein was evaluated...
August 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Leixi Cao, Xing Li, Shuhua Zheng, Aihua Liang, Yuejun Fu
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the anti-insect mechanism of viral pesticide AcMNPV-BmK IT(P10/PH) in the host Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) cells. RESULTS: Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV)- mediated expression of BmK IT, regulated by P10 protein promoter (P10) and polyhedrosis promoter (PH), promoted the replication of progeny virus in host Sf9 cells. AcMNPV-BmK IT(P10) could accelerate the budding process (or speed) of budded virus (BV) in Sf9 cells...
August 30, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Francisca Monteiro, Vicente Bernal, Paula M Alves
The Insect Cell-Baculovirus Expression Vector System (IC-BEVS) is broadly used for the production of recombinant proteins and vaccine manufacture, yet the host physiological aspects that contribute to productivity are to be disclosed. This work provides the first quantitative analysis of the metabolic fluxes of High Five cells. This analysis was conducted in comparison with Sf9 cells, another major host for biologicals production via BEVS. Moreover, herein is presented, for the first time, quantitative data of the relative contribution of sugars and amino acids catabolism to the activity of the TCA cycle in Sf9 and High Five cells...
August 29, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Suvi Lappalainen, Timo Vesikari, Vesna Blazevic
Bacterial endotoxins, DNA, live viruses, and viral proteins derived from bacterial and baculovirus (BV) expression vectors employed in recombinant protein production contaminate the final product. Density gradient centrifugation is commonly used to partially purify oligomeric proteins, but impurities from the expression system still remain. We describe a simple and rapid ultrafiltration method for final purification of rotavirus VP6 oligomeric nanotubes and nanospheres. Contamination originating from the BV vector used in VP6 production was undetectable...
November 2016: Archives of Virology
Shwu-Maan Lee, Chia-Kuei Wu, Jordan Plieskatt, David H McAdams, Kazutoyo Miura, Chris Ockenhouse, C Richter King
BACKGROUND: Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) have become a focus of strategies to control and eventually eliminate malaria as they target the entry of sexual stage into the Anopheles stephensi mosquito thereby preventing transmission, an essential component of the parasite life cycle. Such vaccines are envisioned as complements to vaccines that target human infection, such as RTS,S as well as drug treatment, and vector control strategies. A number of conserved proteins, including Pfs25, have been identified as promising TBV targets in research or early stage development...
2016: Malaria Journal
Nilesh B Ingle, Rashmi G Virkar, Kalpana Agnihotri, Kapil S Sharma, Kavita S Lole, Vidya A Arankalle
Continued evolution of highly pathogenic H5N1 viruses causing high mortality in humans obviates need for broadly cross-reactive vaccines. For this, hemagglutinin (HA) inducing specific protective antibodies, highly conserved nucleoprotein (NP), and ectodomain of matrix (M2e) protein, either singly or in combination, were evaluated in BALB/c mice. Recombinant HA and NP (baculovirus system) and M2e (synthetic peptide) and 3 adjuvants, that is, liposomes, Mw (heat killed Mycobacterium w), and alum were utilized for the homologous virus challenge...
August 10, 2016: Viral Immunology
Mario Forzan, Sushila Maan, Maurizio Mazzei, Manjunatha N Belaganahalli, Lucia Bonuccelli, Monica Calamari, Maria Luisa Carrozza, Valentina Cappello, Mariagrazia Di Luca, Patrizia Bandecchi, Peter P C Mertens, Francesco Tolari
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is a distinct species within the genus Orbivirus, within the family Reoviridae. The epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus genome comprises ten segments of linear, double stranded (ds) RNA, which are packaged within each virus particle. The EHDV virion has a three layered capsid-structure, generated by four major viral proteins: VP2 and VP5 (outer capsid layer); VP7 (intermediate, core-surface layer) and VP3 (innermost, sub-core layer). Although EHDV infects cattle sporadically, several outbreaks have recently occurred in this species in five Mediterranean countries, indicating a potential threat to the European cattle industry...
August 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Jingjiao Song, Xi Wang, Dianhai Hou, Huachao Huang, Xijia Liu, Fei Deng, Hualin Wang, Basil M Arif, Zhihong Hu, Manli Wang
Baculoviruses are insect-specific pathogens with a generally narrow host ranges. Successful primary infection is initiated by the proper interaction of at least 8 conserved per os infectivity factors (PIFs) with the host's midgut cells, a process that remains largely a mystery. In this study, we investigated the host specificities of the four core components of the PIF complex, P74, PIF1, PIF2 and PIF3 by using Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) backbone. The four pifs of HearNPV were replaced by their counterparts from a group I Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) or a group II Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpltNPV)...
2016: PloS One
Dong-Ming Wang, Bang-Xian Zhang, Xiao-Ming Liu, Xiang-Jun Rao, Shi-Guang Li, Mao-Ye Li, Su Liu
In this study, two full-length cDNA sequences (Cmace1 and Cmace2) encoding putative acetylcholinesterases (AChEs) were cloned and characterized from the rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, an important lepidopteran rice pest in Asia. Cmace1 encodes a CmAChE1 consisting of 689 amino acid residues, while Cmace2 encodes a 639 amino acids CmAChE2. The two CmAChEs both have N-terminal signal peptides and conserved motifs including the catalytic triad, choline-binding sites, oxianion hole, acyl pocket, peripheral anionic subsite, and the characteristic FGESAG motif and conserved 14 aromatic amino acids...
July 22, 2016: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Rui Guo, Guangli Cao, Yuexiong Zhu, Dhiraj Kumar, Renyu Xue, Yahong Lu, Xiaolong Hu, Chengliang Gong
Bombyx mori bidensovirus (BmBDV) was previously termed as Bombyx mori densovirus type 2 and later it was reclassified in the new genus bidensovirus of the new family Bidnaviridae. The genome of BmBDV Zhenjiang isolate (BmBDV-Z) consists of two non-homologous single-stranded linear DNA molecules VD1 and VD2 which are encapsidated into separate virion. To investigate the infectivity of BmBDV DNA, recombinant plasmids pGEM-VD1 inserted with VD1 genome were transfected into the BmN cells of silkworm. Structural proteins of BmBDV were detected with Western blot and immunofluorescence assay, which indicates pGEM-VD1 replicated in the transfected BmN cells and viral proteins were also expressed...
October 2016: Current Microbiology
Agata Zerka, Agnieszka Olechwier, Joanna Rydzak, Radoslaw Kaczmarek, Ewa Jaskiewicz
Plasmodium reichenowi, an ape malaria parasite is morphologically identical and genetically similar to Plasmodium falciparum, infects chimpanzees but not humans. Genomic studies revealed that all primate malaria parasites belong to Laverania subgenus. Laverania parasites exhibit strict host specificity, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these host restrictions remain unexplained. Plasmodium merozoites express multiple binding ligands that recognize specific receptors on erythrocytes, including micronemal proteins belonging to P...
December 2016: Parasitology International
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