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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634057/evaluation-of-the-biotechnological-potential-of-a-novel-purified-protease-bs1-from-bacillus-safensis-s406-on-the-chitin-extraction-and-detergent-formulation
#1
Samiha Mhamdi, Intidhar Bkhairia, Rim Nasri, Tahar Mechichi, Moncef Nasri, Alya Sellami Kamoun
The aim of this study is the production of High-Added Value enzyme for Industrial Uses. An extracellular alkaline stable protease BS1 was purified from a newly bacterium, Bacillus safensis S406, isolated from the Sfax Solar Saltern. BS1 was purified by a process involving sulfate d'ammonium sulfate precipitation, sephadex G-75, Mono-Q anion-exchange chromatography and ultrafiltation. The enzyme has a molecular weight of 24kDa and appeared as a single band on native-PAGE. The optimum pH and temperature values of its proteolytic activity were pH 11...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633597/effect-of-t-2-toxin-injected-shrimp-muscle-extracts-on-mouse-macrophage-cells-raw264-7
#2
Zhanrui Huang, Yaling Wang, Mei Qiu, Lijun Sun, Jianmeng Liao, Rundong Wang, Xiaodong Sun, Siyuan Bi, Ravi Gooneratne
Following intramuscular injections of 0.1 mL, 3 mg kg(-1 )BW(-1)(1/10 LD50) T-2 toxin (T-2), the tissue concentration of T-2 in shrimp was quantitatively detected using LC-MS/MS. The biological half-time (t1/2) of T-2 in blood was 40.47 ± 0.24 min. The highest number of intramuscular T-2 shrimp could tolerate when given at blood t1/2 intervals was 4. The shrimps which were injected 5 T-2 died. The T-2 toxin highest accumulation was 0.471 ± 0.012 ng g(-1 )BW(-1). The effect of toxic shrimp muscle subjected to different processing conditions (high pressure, trifluoroacetic acid, acid and alkali digestions, artificial digestive juice [to simulate exposure to gastric and intestinal juices]) on mouse macrophage cells (RAW267...
February 10, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631825/studies-on-the-occurrence-of-infectious-myonecrosis-virus-in-pond-reared-litopenaeus-vannamei-boone-1931-in-india
#3
A S Sahul Hameed, S Abdul Majeed, S Vimal, N Madan, T Rajkumar, S Santhoshkumar, S Sivakumar
Whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, with clinical sign of muscle opaqueness with reddish colour at the distal abdominal segments were observed in farms located in West Bengal State, India. The mortality of shrimp in all disease outbreak ponds ranged from 20% to 50%, and mortality increased gradually. The RT-PCR assay of these samples using primer sets specific to infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV) revealed its presence in the disease outbreak ponds. The IMNV infection was reproduced in healthy shrimp by intramuscular injection to satisfy River's postulates...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629739/twisting-cracks-in-bouligand-structures
#4
Nobphadon Suksangpanya, Nicholas A Yaraghi, David Kisailus, Pablo Zavattieri
The Bouligand structure, which is found in many biological materials, is a hierarchical architecture that features uniaxial fiber layers assembled periodically into a helicoidal pattern. Many studies have highlighted the high damage-resistant performance of natural and biomimetic Bouligand structures. One particular species that utilizes the Bouligand structure to achieve outstanding mechanical performance is the smashing Mantis Shrimp, Odontodactylus Scyllarus (or stomatopod). The mantis shrimp generates high speed, high acceleration blows using its raptorial appendage to defeat highly armored preys...
June 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628817/dynamics-of-dissolved-nutrients-in-the-aquaculture-shrimp-ponds-of-the-min-river-estuary-china-concentrations-fluxes-and-environmental-loads
#5
Ping Yang, Derrick Y F Lai, Baoshi Jin, David Bastviken, Lishan Tan, Chuan Tong
Dissolved inorganic nutrients (NO2(-)-N, NO3(-)-N, NH4(+)-N, and PO4(3-)-P) play a critical role in the effective management of water quality and prevention of fish and shrimp diseases in aquaculture systems. In this study, dissolved inorganic nutrient concentrations in the water column and sediment porewater, and the fluxes across the sediment-water interface (SWI) were investigated in three intensive shrimp ponds with zero water exchange to examine nutrient cycling during the different growth stages of shrimps...
June 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625911/white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-recombinant-lactate-dehydrogenase-biochemical-and-kinetic-characterization
#6
Ambar A Fregoso-Peñuñuri, Elisa M Valenzuela-Soto, Ciria G Figueroa-Soto, Alma B Peregrino-Uriarte, Manuel Ochoa-Valdez, Lilia Leyva-Carrillo, Gloria Yepiz-Plascencia
Shrimp lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is induced in response to environmental hypoxia. Two protein subunits deduced from different transcripts of the LDH gene from the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (LDHvan-1 and LDHvan-2) were identified. These subunits are expressed by alternative splicing. Since both subunits are expressed in most tissues, the purification of the enzyme from the shrimp will likely produce hetero LDH containing both subunits. Therefore, the aim of this study was to overexpress, purify and characterize only one subunit as a recombinant protein, the LDHvan-2...
June 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625840/survival-of-litopenaeus-vannemei-shrimp-fed-on-diets-supplemented-with-dunaliella-sp-is-improved-after-challenges-by-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#7
Diana Medina Félix, José Antonio López Elías, Ángel Isidro Campa Córdova, Luis Rafael Martínez Córdova, Antonio Luna González, Edilmar Cortez Jacinto, Nolberta Huerta Aldaz, Fernando Cano Mendoza, María Guadalupe Burboa Zazueta
Survival of Litopenaeus vannamei was evaluated during a Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. This bacteria has been causing significant economic losses in the shrimp industry due to the appearance of early mortality syndrome (EMS), also known as acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND). Control of bacteria in ponds is difficult to achieve with antibiotics due to environmental infections and antibiotic resistance. New methods have been proposed to control and prevent the impact of bacterial infections. The physiological response indicated by plasma biochemical parameters in shrimp can determine their health and stress status...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623816/siderophore-coated-magnetic-iron-nanoparticles-rational-designing-of-water-soluble-nanobiosensor-for-visualizing-al-3-in-live-organism
#8
M Raju, Sakshi Srivastava, Ratish R Nair, Ishan H Raval, Soumya Haldar, Pabitra B Chatterjee
This article aims to establish the judicious use of iron-binding chemistry of microbial chelators in order to functionalize the surface of iron nanoparticles to develop non-toxic nanobiosensor. Anchoring a simple siderophore 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylglycine (H3L), which bears catechol and carboxyl functionalities in tandem, on to the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles has developed a unique nanobiosensor HL-FeNPs which showed highly selective and sensitive detection of Al(3+) in 100% water at physiological pH. The biosensor HL-FeNPs, with 20nM limit of detection, behaves reversibly and instantly...
June 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623405/genome-dynamics-and-evolution-of-codon-usage-patterns-in-shrimp-viruses
#9
Anuj Tyagi, B T Naveen Kumar, Niraj K Singh
We analysed the genomes and codon usage patterns of seven small (DNA and RNA) shrimp viruses. Effective number of codon (ENC) values indicated moderate (35 < ENC < 50) codon usage bias in shrimp viruses. Correlation analysis between GC compositions at non-synonymous codon and synonymous codon positions (GC1, 2 and GC3) as well as GC3 versus ENC curves indicated varying influences of mutational pressure on codon usage. The presence of deoptimized codons and host-antagonistic codon usage trends in shrimp viruses suggested the adaptation of a slow replication strategy by these viruses to avoid host defences...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621761/production-of-chitin-from-penaeus-vannamei-by-products-to-pilot-plant-scale-using-a-combination-of-enzymatic-and-chemical-processes-and-subsequent-optimization-of-the-chemical-production-of-chitosan-by-response-surface-methodology
#10
José A Vázquez, Patrícia Ramos, Jesús Mirón, Jesus Valcarcel, Carmen G Sotelo, Ricardo I Pérez-Martín
The waste generated from shrimp processing contains valuable materials such as protein, carotenoids, and chitin. The present study describes a process at pilot plant scale to recover chitin from the cephalothorax of Penaeus vannamei using mild conditions. The application of a sequential enzymatic-acid-alkaline treatment yields 30% chitin of comparable purity to commercial sources. Effluents from the process are rich in protein and astaxanthin, and represent inputs for further by-product recovery. As a last step, chitin is deacetylated to produce chitosan; the optimal conditions are established by applying a response surface methodology (RSM)...
June 16, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621395/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-ulcer-activities-of-new-fused-thiazole-derivatives-derived-from-2-2-oxo-2h-chromen-3-yl-thiazol-4-5h-one
#11
Rafat Mohareb, Fatima Al-Omran, Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Rehab Ibrahim
The reaction of the 2-(4-oxo-4,5-dihydrothiazol-2-yl)acetonitrile (1) with salicylaldehyde (2) in 1,4-dioxane containing a catalytic amount of piperidine gave the coumarin derivative 3. The latter reacted with different reagents to give pyrano[4,5-b]thiazole, pyrido[4,5-b]thiazole and thieno[5,4-b]thiazole dereivatives. The anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer activities of the newly synthesized products were evaluated and the results showed that compounds 7a, 8a, 10b, 13b, 15b, 18a, 19b, 19c, and 19d showed higher activity compared to the rest of the compounds...
June 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620817/effect-of-biosolid-hydrochar-on-toxicity-to-earthworms-and-brine-shrimp
#12
Tatiane Medeiros Melo, Michael Bottlinger, Elke Schulz, Wilson Mozena Leandro, Adelmo Menezes de Aguiar Filho, Yong Sik Ok, Jörg Rinklebe
The hydrothermal carbonization of sewage sludge has been studied as an alternative technique for the conversion of sewage sludge into value-added products, such as soil amendments. We tested the toxicity of biosolid hydrochar (Sewchar) to earthworms. Additionally, the toxicity of Sewchar process water filtrate with and without pH adjustment was assessed, using brine shrimps as a model organism. For a Sewchar application of 40 Mg ha(-1), the earthworms significantly preferred the side of the vessel with the reference soil (control) over side of the vessel with the Sewchar treatments...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618219/hierarchical-microspheres-constructed-from-chitin-nanofibers-penetrated-hydroxyapatite-crystals-for-bone-regeneration
#13
Bo Duan, Kangquan Shou, Xiaojuan Su, Yahui Niu, Guan Zheng, Yao Huang, Ai-Xi Yu, Yu Zhang, Hong Xia, Lina Zhang
Chitin exists abundantly in the crab and shrimp shell as the template of the minerals, which inspired us to mineralize it for fabricating the bone grafting materials. In present work, chitin nanofibrous microspheres were used as the matrix for in situ synthesisof the hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals including micro-flake, submicron-needle and submicron-osphere, which were penetrated by long chitin nanofibers, leading to the hierarchical structure. The shape and size of the HA crystals could be controled by changing the HA synthesisprocess...
June 15, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612385/genetic-accommodation-in-the-wild-evolution-of-gene-expression-plasticity-during-character-displacement
#14
Nicholas A Levis, Antonio Serrato-Capuchina, David W Pfennig
Ecological character displacement is considered crucial in promoting diversification, yet relatively little is known of its underlying mechanisms. We examined whether evolutionary shifts in gene expression plasticity ('genetic accommodation') mediate character displacement in spadefoot toads. Where Spea bombifrons and S. multiplicata occur separately in allopatry (the ancestral condition), each produces alternative, diet-induced, larval ecomorphs: omnivores, which eat detritus, and carnivores, which specialize on shrimp...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611499/lactobacillus-futsaii-cs3-a-new-gaba-producing-strain-isolated-from-thai-fermented-shrimp-kung-som
#15
Chatthaphisuth Sanchart, Onnicha Rattanaporn, Dietmar Haltrich, Pimpimol Phukpattaranont, Suppasil Maneerat
Kung-Som is a popular traditional Thai fermented shrimp product. It is rich in glutamic acid, which is the major substrate for the biosynthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by lactic acid bacteria (LAB). In the present study, LAB from Kung-Som were isolated, screened for GABA formation, and the two isolates that transform glutamic acid most efficiently into GABA were identified. Based on the API-CHL50 fermentation profile and a phylogenetic tree of 16S rDNA sequences, strain CS3 and CS5 were identified as Lactobacillus futsaii, which was for the first time shown to be a promising GABA producer...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610339/redescription-of-the-freshwater-shrimp-macrobrachium-jelskii-miers-1877-caridea-palaemonidae
#16
Ana Luiza Vera-Silva, Fabrício Lopes Carvalho, Fernando Luis Mantelatto
Macrobrachium jelskii is a freshwater shrimp endemic to South America, occurring in all major Brazilian basins. It is used in various activities, such as fishing, fishkeeping and even as food for humans and animals, and therefore its distribution is affected by anthropic influence. Misidentification of M. jelskii is recurrent because of its morphological similarity to some sympatric species such as M. amazonicum and M. acanthurus. Thus, the aim of this study is to redescribe M. jelskii, proposing some characteristics that allow for a clearer differentiation of this species when compared to other similar congeneric species that occur in South America...
May 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610334/morphological-description-of-early-zoeal-stages-of-alpheus-brasileiro-anker-2012-reared-in-the-laboratory-including-a-revision-of-the-larval-morphology-of-the-first-zoeal-stage-of-the-genus-alpheus-fabricius-1798-caridea-alpheidae
#17
Régis A Pescinelli, João A F Pantaleão, Fernando L Mantelatto, Rogério C Costa
The aims of this study were to describe and illustrate the early larval stages of the snapping shrimp Alpheus brasileiro Anker, 2012 and to review the larval morphology (Zoea I) of the genus Alpheus Fabricius, 1798. Larvae were obtained from two females with embryos collected in an intertidal estuary in Cananéia, São Paulo state, Brazil. The published descriptions of all available Alpheus zoea I (only 14 spp., 4.7%) were used for a comparison of larval morphology. The zoeae I of Alpheus species are very similar, but A...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609986/a-new-groundwater-dwelling-species-of-i-euryrhynchina-i-from-cameroon%C3%A2-malacostraca-decapoda-euryrhynchidae
#18
Sammy DE Grave, Christophe Piscart, Raoul P Tuekam Kayo, Arthur Anker
A new species of the euryrhynchid shrimp genus Euryrhynchina Powell, 1976, E. puteola sp. nov., is described from Cameroon. The new species can be easily distinguished from the only other species in the genus, E. edingtonae Powell, 1976, by the absence of a setiferous lobe on the eye peduncle, the absence of a meral spine on the ambulatory pereiopods, the shape of the scaphocerite tooth, a single spine on the uropodal diaeresis (vs. 2-3), the absence of a podobranch on the second maxilliped, and the absence of appendices internae on the male pleopods 2-5...
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609985/-i-synalpheus-i-i-pinkfloydi-i-sp-nov-a-new-pistol-shrimp-from-the-tropical-eastern-pacific-decapoda-alpheidae
#19
Arthur Anker, Kristin M Hultgren, Sammy DE Grave
A new, conspicuously coloured species of the alpheid genus Synalpheus Spence Bate, 1888, is described based on material collected on the Pacific coast of Panama. Synalpheus pinkfloydi sp. nov. is closely related to the western Atlantic S. antillensis Coutière, 1909, the two taxa being transisthmian, cryptic sister species. Both species are characterised by the distal areas of their major and minor chelae coloured in an intense, almost glowing pink-red. The morphological differences between S. pinkfloydi sp...
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609954/new-records-of-deep-sea-shrimps-of-family-solenoceridae-wood-mason-amp-alcock-1891-crustacea-decapoda-dendrobranchiata-from-southwestern-atlantic
#20
Flavio DE Almeida Alves-Júnior, Marina DE Sá Leitão Câmara DE Araújo, Jesser F Souza-Filho
This paper reports the occurrence of four deep waters shrimps of the family Solenoceridae in the southwestern Atlantic, Brazil. The rare Hadropenaeus modestus is collected for the second time from Brazilian waters after 138 years, filling the gaps on its distributional pattern. Mesopenaeus tropicalis is a new register for Potiguar basin, although it is common along Brazilian coast. Hymenopenaeus chacei and H. laevis are recorded for the first time in southwestern Atlantic. The records of these species in the southwestern Atlantic are an important advancement to raise the knowledge of the deep-sea shrimps...
April 19, 2017: Zootaxa
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