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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922231/use-of-regional-anesthesia-for-outpatient-surgery-within-the-united-states-a-prevalence-study-using-a-nationwide-database
#1
Rodney A Gabriel, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia is of benefit for outpatient surgery given its demonstrated improvement in analgesia and decrease in complications, resulting in shorter average recovery room times and lower hospital readmission rates. Unfortunately, there are few epidemiological studies outlining the overall utilization of peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) in this setting. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to report the overall utilization of several types of PNBs among all candidate cases in the outpatient setting within the United States...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920445/recovery-of-bioactive-molecules-from-chestnut-castanea-sativa-mill-by-products-through-extraction-by-different-solvents
#2
Filomena Monica Vella, Bruna Laratta, Francesco La Cara, Alessandra Morana
The underutilised forest and industrial biomass of Castanea sativa (Mill.) is generally discarded during post-harvest and food processing, with high impact on environmental quality. The searching on alternative sources of natural antioxidants from low-cost supplies, by methods involving environment-friendly techniques, has become a major goal of numerous researches in recent times. The aim of the present study was the set-up of a biomolecules extraction procedure from chestnut leaves, burs and shells and the assessing of their potential antioxidant activity...
September 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919813/a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-with-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-versus-standard-anesthetic-management-for-pain-control-during-and-after-traumatic-femur-fracture-repair-in-the-pediatric-population
#3
Nicole M Elsey, Joseph D Tobias, Kevin E Klingele, Ralph J Beltran, Tarun Bhalla, David Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury of the femur resulting in femoral fracture may result in significant postoperative pain. As with other causes of acute pain, regional anesthesia may offer a benefit over conventional therapy with intravenous opioids. This study prospectively assesses the effects of femoral nerve blockade with a lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block (FN-LFCN) on intraoperative anesthetic requirements, postoperative pain scores, and opioid requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen pediatric patients (age 2-18 years) undergoing surgical repair of a traumatic femur fracture fulfilled the study criteria and were randomly assigned to general anesthesia with either an FN-LFCN block (n = 10) or intravenous opioids (n = 7)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917789/chemometric-optimization-of-the-extraction-and-derivatization-of-parabens-for-their-determination-in-water-samples-by-rotating-disk-sorptive-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#4
Mercedes Becerra-Herrera, Valentina Miranda, Daniel Arismendi, Pablo Richter
A combination of rotating disk sorptive extraction (RDSE) using Oasis® HLB as the sorbent phase and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been performed for the determination of four of the most widely used parabens: methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and n-butylparaben. The extraction and derivatization of the analytes in water samples were optimized by using factorial (screening) and Doehlert designs, thus reducing the number of analyses with the concomitant reduction of time, reagents, waste, samples and cost...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916971/emergency-room-visits-and-readmissions-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-ieras-program
#5
Trevor Wood, Mary-Anne Aarts, Allan Okrainec, Emily Pearsall, J Charles Victor, Marg McKenzie, Ori Rotstein, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been widely promoted and supported largely due to several studies showing decreased post-operative complications and length of stay. The objective of this study was to review the emergency room (ER) visits and readmission rates and reasons for both in patients who were part of the Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients having elective colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were enrolled in the iERAS program...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#6
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914047/a-light-triggered-co2-breathing-foam-via-non-surfactant-high-internal-phase-emulsion
#7
Shiming Zhang, Dingguan Wang, Qianhao Pan, Qinyuan Gui, Shenglong Liao, Yapei Wang
Solid materials for CO2 capture and storage have attracted enormous attention for gaseous separation, environmental protection and climate governance. However, their preparation and recovery are meeting the problems of high energy and financial cost. Herein, a light-triggered CO2 capture and storage process is accomplished in an emulsion-templated polymer foam, in which CO2 is breathed-in at dark and breathed-out under light illumination. Such a process is likely to become a relay of natural CO2 capture by plants which on the contrary breathe out CO2 in nights...
September 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913493/an-evaluation-of-operating-room-throughput-in-a-stand-alone-soft-tissue-trauma-operating-theatre
#8
Brian D O'Donnell, Ken Walsh, Aileen Murphy, Brendan McElroy, Gabriella Iohom, George D Shorten
BACKGROUND: Operating room time is a limited, expensive commodity in acute hospitals. Strategies aimed at reduction of non-operative time improve operating room throughput and capacity. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate and augment operating room throughput and capacity using context-specific work practice changes. METHODS: Following institutional and ethical approval, an interdisciplinary group designed and introduced a series of work practice changes specific to a stand-alone soft tissue trauma theatre, comprising modifications to patient processing, staff behaviours and additional anaesthesiologist hours...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903829/quantification-of-induced-hypothermia-from-aseptic-scrub-applications-during-rodent-surgery-preparation
#9
Anna M Skorupski, Jingyi Zhang, Danielle Ferguson, Frank Lawrence, F Claire Hankenson
Laboratory mice (Mus musculus) are prone to develop hypothermia during anesthesia for surgery, thus potentially impeding anesthetic recovery, wound healing, and future health. The core body temperatures of isoflurane-anesthetized mice are influenced by the choice of supplemental heat sources; however, the contribution of various surgical scrubs on the body temperatures of mice under gas anesthesia has not been assessed. We sought to quantify the effect of using alcohol (70% isopropyl alcohol [IPA]) compared with saline to rinse away surgical scrub on the progression of hypothermia in anesthetized mice (n = 47)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903747/antenatal-magnesium-sulphate-administration-for-fetal-neuroprotection-a-french-national-survey
#10
Clément Chollat, Lise Le Doussal, Gaëlle de la Villéon, Delphine Provost, Stéphane Marret
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the only treatment approved for fetal neuroprotection. No information on its use is available in the absence of a national registry of neonatal practices. The objective of our study was to evaluate the use of MgSO4 for fetal neuroprotection in French tertiary maternity hospitals (FTMH). METHODS: Online and phone survey of all FTMH between August 2014 and May 2015. A participation was expected from one senior obstetrician, one senior anaesthetist and one senior neonatologist from each FTMH...
September 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902112/the-efficacy-of-repeated-cold-water-immersion-on-recovery-following-a-simulated-rugby-union-protocol
#11
Sean Barber, Pattison John, Freddy Brown, Jessica Hill
Training and athletic competition frequently results in exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of repeated cold water immersion (CWI) on recovery following a simulated rugby union match. Sixteen male, club level rugby players were matched for body mass and randomly assigned to either a CWI group or control (CON) group. Following the simulated rugby match the CWI group underwent 2 x 5 min immersions at a temperature of 10°C separated by 2.5 min seated at room temperature, whilst the CON group remained seated for 15 min...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900757/low-incidence-of-postoperative-urinary-retention-with-the-use-of-a-nurse-led-bladder-scan-protocol-after-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
N P Kort, Y Bemelmans, R Vos, M G M Schotanus
PURPOSE: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR), defined as the inability to empty the bladder voluntary after surgery, is a commonly reported complication. This study reports the incidence and possible risk factors for POUR after elective fast-track hip or knee arthroplasty when using a nurse-led bladder scan protocol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included data from 803 patients who underwent unilateral hip or knee arthroplasty. Patients' digital clinical records were reviewed for eligibility...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895895/effects-of-sleep-quality-on-melatonin-levels-and-inflammatory-response-after-major-abdominal-surgery-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#13
Necdet Fatih Yaşar, Bartu Badak, Ağgül Canik, Sema Şanal Baş, Sema Uslu, Setenay Öner, Ersin Ateş
Disruption of nocturnal sleep in an intensive care unit may remarkably affect production of melatonin, which is also known to have anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of sleep quality on melatonin levels and inflammation after surgery. Thus, we compared the patients, who were screened in the side-rooms where the lights were dimmed and noise levels were reduced, with the patients who received usual care. Preoperative and postoperative urine 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, serum interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and c-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured and data on sleep quality was collected using the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire...
September 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895485/efficacy-of-adjuvant-magnesium-for-posttonsillectomy-morbidity-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#14
Hye Kyung Cho, In Joon Park, Ho Young Yoon, Se Hwan Hwang
Objectives The perioperative administration of magnesium is known to reduce postoperative morbidities in adults, such as pain, agitation, and laryngospasm. The objective is to assess the effects of perioperative magnesium as the adjuvant to tonsillectomy as compared with tonsillectomy in children. Data Source Five databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane). Method Two authors independently searched databases up to January 2017. We compared perioperative magnesium administration (magnesium groups) with no administration of magnesium (control group)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894310/chemical-stability-of-plerixafor-after-opening-of-single-use-vial
#15
Jack T Seki, Andrea Bozovic, Roy Lee, Rita Kwong, Eshetu G Atenafu, Anna Xu, Jin-Hyeun Huh
BACKGROUND: The addition of the immunostimulant plerixafor to the current standard-of-care regimens of granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor with or without chemotherapy has improved clinical results in terms of successful stem cell mobilization and the outcomes of stem cell transplant in various settings. With this medical innovation has come an added financial cost for institutions where stem cell transplants are routinely performed, and there may be a further financial burden when the contents of partial vials of the drug are wasted, given that plerixafor vials (Mozobil, Sanofi-Aventis Canada Inc) are currently deemed suitable only for single use...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886519/development-and-validation-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-pharmacokinetic-study-of-tm-53-a-novel-transcriptional-coactivator-with-pdz-binding-motif-taz-modulator
#16
Ha-Yeon Lee, Nak Jeong Kim, Yong Moon Lee, Jin Sook Song, Myung Ae Bae, Sunjoo Ahn
Transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) is considered an attractive target for osteoporosis, obesity, and muscle regeneration. TM-53, a promising TAZ modulator, was recently introduced, and here, we developed a rapid, precise, and reliable analytical method for TM-53 and characterized its pharmacokinetic properties in rat plasma. The hybrid triple quadrupole/linear ion trap coupled to liquid chromatography method was developed and validated to quantify TM-53. Additionally, TM-53 concentrations in plasma were analyzed, and its pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by non-compartmental analysis...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874720/black-p-graphene-hybrid-a-fast-response-humidity-sensor-with-good-reversibility-and-stability
#17
Duy-Thach Phan, Inyong Park, Ah-Ram Park, Cheol-Min Park, Ki-Joon Jeon
Black phosphorus (BP) materials have attracted considerable attention owing to their ultra-sensitive humidity sensing characteristics because of the natural absorption of water (H2O) molecules on the BP surface caused by the specific 2D layer-crystalline structure. On the other hand, the BP-based humidity sensor is less repeatable due to the instability of BP with water molecules and the stability of the sensor is reduced. In this study, this limitation of the BP-based humidity sensor was overcome by preparing a BP/graphene hybrid as a novel humidity sensing nanostructure...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873028/randomized-prospective-evaluation-of-intraoperative-intravenous-acetaminophen-in-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#18
Christopher A Roberts, Shivani Shah-Becker, Ashley O'Connell Ferster, Aaron Baker, Lauren E Stahl, Khaled Sedeek, Michele M Carr
Objective To establish the safety and efficacy of single-dose intraoperative intravenous (IV) acetaminophen in postoperative pain management following adenotonsillectomy in addition to a standardized regimen of oral pain medication. Study Design Randomized, controlled prospective clinical trial. Setting Single academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Patients between the ages of 3 and 17 years scheduled for tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy by a single surgeon between December 2014 and November 2016 were recruited...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872816/superhydrophilic-wrinkle-free-cotton-fabrics-via-plasma-and-nanofluid-treatment
#19
Lihong Lao, Liling Fu, Genggeng Qi, Emmanuel P Giannelis, Jintu Fan
We demonstrate in this study, a wrinkle-free, superhydrophilic cotton fabric (contact angle ~ 0o) by uniformly attaching specially engineered nanoparticles to plasma pre-treated cotton fabric. Because of their highly charged nature, the nanoparticles are firmly anchored on the fabric via electrostatic interactions, as confirmed by microscopy and chemical analyses. The durability of wetting behavior and wrinkle-free property of the nanoparticle-coated fabrics was evaluated via aging, laundering and abrasion tests...
September 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869233/meropenem-a-possible-new-culprit-in-eosinophilic-lung-diseases
#20
Nathalie Abi Hatem, Sabrina Campbell, Edmundo Rubio, Anthony Lukas Loschner
Eosinophilic lung diseases are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders with an extensive list of differential diagnoses. Multiple drugs particularly antibiotics can cause pulmonary eosinophilia with variable pulmonary manifestations. Cutaneous drug reactions are common. Diagnosis is usually made on clinical history and blood eosinophilia with an accumulation of eosinophils in alveolar spaces on histologic analysis. Imaging findings are nonspecific. Stopping the offending agent is often enough while a short course of corticosteroids can hasten recovery...
September 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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