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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922582/-knowledge-and-perception-about-tuberculosis-among-public-transport-workers-in-lima-peru
#1
Danitza Lukac, Octavio Garaycochea, Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Laura Luque Bustamante, André Mujica-Vasquez, Dario Zamora
OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of knowledge and perception of tuberculosis among public transport workers attending Road Safety Education courses in Lima, Peru. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted between July and August 2014 in public transport workers attending the courses of Road Safety education. In Lima, such courses are mandatory for workers in the public transport area. An anonymous and voluntary survey was applied to obtain the following variables: sociodemographic characteristics, history of tuberculosis, tuberculosis knowledge and attitudes towards the disease...
November 23, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920969/examining-the-effects-of-video-modeling-and-prompts-to-teach-activities-of-daily-living-skills
#2
Catarina Aldi, Alexandra Crigler, Kelly Kates-McElrath, Brian Long, Hillary Smith, Kim Rehak, Lisa Wilkinson
Video modeling has been shown to be effective in teaching a number of skills to learners diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this study, we taught two young men diagnosed with ASD three different activities of daily living skills (ADLS) using point-of-view video modeling. Results indicated that both participants met criterion for all ADLS. Participants did not maintain mastery criterion at a 1-month follow-up, but did score above baseline at maintenance with and without video modeling. • Point-of-view video models may be an effective intervention to teach daily living skills...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920361/drama-at-dunder-mifflin-workplace-bullying-discourses-on-the-office
#3
Erin M Sumner, Jennifer A Scarduzio, Jena R Daggett
This study examines the portrayal and affective framing of workplace bullying behaviors on the popular American television show The Office Quantitative and qualitative content analyses were conducted on 54 episodes spanning the show's nine seasons. Results revealed 331 instances of workplace bullying, for an average of 6.13 bullying behaviors per episode. Workplace bullying behavior on The Office was grouped into five categories: sexual jokes, public humiliation, practical jokes, belittlement, and misuse of authority...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919114/a-low-cost-high-definition-video-system-for-microsurgical-hindlimb-replantation-in-rats
#4
Rui Sergio, Monteiro de Barros, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito, Rafael Aquino Leal, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Marcelo Ferreia Sabbá, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Marcos Vinicius Vieira Lemos
Background The surgical microscope is still essential for microsurgery, but several alternatives that show promising results are currently under development, such as endoscopes and laparoscopes with video systems; however, as yet, these have only been used for arterial anastomoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a low-cost video-assisted magnification system in replantation of the hindlimbs of rats. Methods Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into two matched groups according to the magnification system used: the microscope group, with hindlimb replantation performed under a microscope with an image magnification of 40× and the video group, with the procedures performed under a video system composed of a high-definition camcorder, macrolenses, a 42-in television, and a digital HDMI cable...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#5
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913595/public-attitudes-towards-people-living-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-japan-innovative-practice
#6
Yoko Aihara, Hisako Kato, Tetsuko Sugiyama, Kuniko Ishi, Yasushi Goto
Stigma and social isolation are major challenges in building dementia friendly communities. Information is a key factor in improving knowledge and attitudes about dementia. This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate public attitudes towards people with dementia in an urban community in Japan. Nearly 90% of the participants responded that they were able to have a good relationship with a person with dementia and help such a person if needed. However, around half of the participants would be ashamed of a family member with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909041/short-term-effects-of-announcing-revised-lower-risk-national-drinking-guidelines-on-related-awareness-and-knowledge-a-trend-analysis-of-monthly-survey-data-in-england
#7
John Holmes, Jamie Brown, Petra Meier, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Penny Buykx
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term effects of publishing revised lower risk national drinking guidelines on related awareness and knowledge. To examine where drinkers heard about guidelines over the same period. DESIGN: Trend analysis of the Alcohol Toolkit Study, a monthly repeat cross-sectional national survey. SETTING: England, November 2015 to May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 845 adults (18+) living in private households in England...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902887/why-do-smokers-talk-about-antismoking-campaigns-predictors-of-the-occurrence-and-content-of-campaign-generated-conversations
#8
Emily Brennan, Sarah J Durkin, Melanie Wakefield, Yoshihisa Kashima
Smokers often talk about antismoking campaigns, and these conversations can contribute to campaign effectiveness. However, little is known about the predictors and content of naturally occurring campaign-generated conversations. In two studies (Study 1, N = 480; Study 2, N = 232), we systematically examined whether the occurrence and content of smokers' conversations after exposure to one of eight antismoking television advertisements were predicted by characteristics of (a) the message, (b) intrapersonal responses to the message, (c) the individual, and (d) the social context in which exposure occurred...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901424/response-to-open-peer-commentaries-on-diagnosis-by-television-documentary-professional-responsibilities-in-informal-encounters
#9
Alistair Wardrope, Markus Reuber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901132/ligand-density-quantification-on-colloidal-inorganic-nanoparticles
#10
REVIEW
Ashley M Smith, Kathryn A Johnston, Scott E Crawford, Lauren E Marbella, Jill E Millstone
Colloidal inorganic nanoparticles are being used in an increasingly large number of applications ranging from biological imaging to television displays. In all cases, nanoparticle surface chemistry can significantly impact particle physical properties, processing, and performance. The first step in leveraging this tunability is to develop analytical approaches to describe surface chemical features. Some of the most basic descriptors of particle surface chemistry include the quantity, identity, and arrangement of ligands appended to the particle core...
November 30, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900511/non-doped-deep-blue-and-doped-white-electroluminescence-devices-based-on-phenanthroimidazole-derivative
#11
Shuo Chen, Yukun Wu, Shoucheng Hu, Yi Zhao, Daining Fang
A novel deep-blue emitter PhImPOTD based on phenathroimidazole was synthesized, which is incorporated by an electron-donating dibenzothiophene unit and electron-withdrawing phenanthroimidazole and diphenylphosphine oxide moieties. Furthermore, the weak π-π stacking and intermolecular aggregation render the photoluminescence quantum yield is as high as 0.34 in the solid state. Non-doped organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on PhImPOTD emitter exhibits a low turn-on voltage of 3.6 V, a favorable efficiency of 1...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899707/the-influence-of-presentation-modality-on-the-social-comprehension-of-naturalistic-scenes-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Haley M Gedek, Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the social awkwardness of scenes from a television sitcom) across three conditions that manipulated presentation modality-visual alone, transcribed text alone, or visual and auditory together...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897306/-multiple-sclerosis-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#13
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: Today, the care of patients with multiple sclerosis and those around them represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge for healthcare professionals. The aim of this study is to analyse the appearance of multiple sclerosis in literature, cinema and television, and to reflect upon the image it has in these media. DEVELOPMENT: Several representative works that have addressed multiple sclerosis were reviewed, and many of them were seen to offer a very true-to-life vision of the disease...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890953/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-disease-among-persons-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immuno-deficiency-syndrome-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#14
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan, Pushpinder S Chauahn, Karainder S Mehta, Ritu Rawat, T N Shiny
BACKGROUND: Although modification of behavioral practices among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected patients is important in decreasing HIV disease transmission, the knowledge, attitude, and perception studies about HIV infection rarely include persons living with HIV/acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIMS: To assess knowledge, attitude, and perceptions of persons living with HIV/AIDS for the disease and other epidemiological aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and fifty consecutive persons living with HIV/AIDS were enrolled for this questionnaire-based cross-sectional, descriptive study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878600/narrow-band-imaging-for-early-diagnosis-of-epithelial-dysplasia-and-microinvasive-tumors-in-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#15
C Arens, C Betz, M Kraft, S Voigt-Zimmermann
The various stages of tumor growth are characterized by typical epithelial, vascular, and secondary connective tissue changes. Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive imaging technique that presents vascular structures in particular at a higher contrast than white light endoscopy alone. In combination with high-resolution image recording and reproduction (high-definition television, HDTV; ultra-high definition, 4K), progress has been made in otolaryngological differential diagnostics, both pre- and intraoperatively...
November 23, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876321/an-exploration-of-how-mexican-american-wic-mothers-obtain-information-about-behaviors-associated-with-childhood-obesity-risk
#16
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876241/recycling-of-typical-difficult-to-treat-e-waste-synthesize-zeolites-from-waste-cathode-ray-tube-funnel-glass
#17
Zhitong Yao, Daidai Wu, Jie Liu, Weihong Wu, Hongting Zhao, Junhong Tang
The disposal of waste cathode ray-tubes (CRTs) from old televisions and discarded computer monitors has become a major environmental concern worldwide. In this work, an open-loop recycling method was developed to synthesize zeolites using CRT funnel glass as the raw material. The effects of hydrothermal temperatures and pressure, n(SiO2/Al2O3) molar ratios and hydrothermal time on the resulting products were investigated. The results indicated that hydrothermal temperatures and pressure played critical roles in zeolite synthesis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872802/park-use-is-associated-with-less-sedentary-time-among-low-income-parents-and-their-preschool-child-the-net-works-study
#18
Simone A French, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan R Mitchell, Yingling Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics and physical characteristics of the block immediately surrounding the home were examined. METHODS: Data are from baseline measurements completed in 2012-2014 as part of larger study (NET-Works: Now Everybody Together for Amazing and Healthy Kids) targeting low-income preschool children and their parents (N = 534 parent-child dyads)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871186/does-a-tv-public-service-advertisement-campaign-for-suicide-prevention-really-work
#19
In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#20
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
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