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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#1
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527076/the-role-of-visual-system-in-migraine
#2
Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Alessandra Criscuoli
The visual system is involved in different ways in migraine. Visual auras are the most common form of migraine aura. It may consist of positive or negative visual symptoms and cortical spreading depression is felt to be the phenomenon that underlies it. Even in migraine without aura, vision it is not totally excluded given that one of the major criteria for the diagnosis of migraine is photophobia. In persistent visual aura, patients refer symptoms defined as visual snow and television static. In retinal migraine unilateral decreased vision or complete visual loss occurs...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#3
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526313/dissemination-of-a-nonpathogenic-viral-dna-surrogate-marker-from-high-touch-surfaces-in-rooms-of-long-term-care-facility-residents
#4
Heba Alhmidi, Sreelatha Koganti, Jennifer L Cadnum, Annette L Jencson, Amrita John, Curtis J Donskey
A nonpathogenic DNA marker inoculated onto the television remote controls in rooms of 2 ambulatory long-term care facility (LTCF) residents disseminated to the hands of the LTCF residents, to high-touch surfaces in the room and on the ward, and to shared portable equipment. These findings suggest that contaminated high-touch surfaces in rooms of ambulatory LTCF residents are a potential source for widespread dissemination of pathogens.
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525443/screen-hours-and-sleep-symptoms-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
OʼDene Lewis, Yewande Odeyemi, Vladimir Joseph, Alem Mehari, Richard F Gillum
Few studies have examined the relationship between television viewing, computer use, and sleep symptoms. We hypothesized that television and computer time was associated with sleep symptoms. Screen hours were the sum of daily TV hours and computer hours. A total of 4342 participants 20 years and older had data on screen hours. After adjusting for confounders, 4 or more screen hours were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting long sleep latency, nighttime awakening, high sleep hours, and snoring (P < ...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525349/distracted-driving-on-youtube-implications-for-adolescents
#6
Corey H Basch, Christina Mouser, Ashley Clark
For the first time in 50 years, traffic fatalities have increased in the United States (US). With the emergence of technology, comes the possibility, that distracted driving has contributed to a decrease in safe driving practices. The purpose of this study was to describe the content on the popular video sharing site, YouTube to ascertain the type of content conveyed in videos that are widely viewed. The 100 most widely viewed English language videos were included in this sample, with a collective number of views of over 35 million...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524615/correlates-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
S A Prince, J L Reed, C McFetridge, M S Tremblay, R D Reid
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review evidence to identify intrapersonal, social environmental, physical environmental and policy correlates of sedentary behaviour (SB) among adults. METHODS: Six databases were searched to identify studies that reported on intrapersonal, social, physical environmental and/or policy correlates of SB across domains (i.e. occupational, leisure and transportation) in adults (mean ≥ 18 years old). Subgroup differences (sex, age, disease status, publication status and date, weekdays vs...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521189/does-a-video-displaying-a-stair-climbing-model-increase-stair-use-in-a-worksite-setting
#8
L Van Calster, A-S Van Hoecke, A Octaef, F Boen
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of improving the visibility of the stairwell and of displaying a video with a stair climbing model on climbing and descending stair use in a worksite setting. STUDY DESIGN: Intervention study. METHODS: Three consecutive one-week intervention phases were implemented: (1) the visibility of the stairs was improved by the attachment of pictograms that indicated the stairwell; (2) a video showing a stair climbing model was sent to the employees by email; and (3) the same video was displayed on a television screen at the point-of-choice (POC) between the stairs and the elevator...
May 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520478/violence-against-women-and-household-ownership-of-radios-computers-and-phones-in-20-countries
#9
Lauren F Cardoso, Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between household ownership of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and justifications for wife beating. METHODS: Women aged 15 to 49 years in 20 countries were surveyed via UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2006 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regressions accounted for individual-, household-, and structural-level variables. RESULTS: Household ownership of any ICT (radio, computer, fixed phone, or mobile phone but not television) was associated with increased odds of women rejecting wife beating...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514265/television-viewing-time-and-inflammatory-related-mortality
#10
Megan S Grace, Francis Dillon, Elizabeth Lm Barr, Sarah K Keadle, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: Television (TV) viewing time is associated with increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. While TV time is detrimentally associated with key inflammatory markers, the associations of TV time with other inflammatory-related mortality (with a predominant inflammatory, oxidative or infectious component, but not attributable to cancer or cardiovascular causes), are unknown. METHODS: Among 8,933 Australian adults (4,593 never-smokers) from the baseline (1999/2000) Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (median follow-up, 13...
May 12, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511551/theoretical-foundations-of-appeals-used-in-alcohol-abuse-and-drunk-driving-public-service-announcements-in-the-united-states-1995-2010
#11
Jeff Niederdeppe, Rosemary J Avery, Emily Elizabeth Namaste Miller
PURPOSE: The study identifies the extent to which theoretical constructs drawn from well-established message effect communication theories are reflected in the content of alcohol-related public service announcements (PSAs) airing in the United States over a 16-year period. DESIGN: Content analysis of 18 530 141 alcohol-abuse (AA) and drunk-driving (DD) PSAs appearing on national network and local cable television stations in the 210 largest designated marketing areas (DMAs) from January 1995 through December 2010...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507521/prime-time-light-exposures-do-not-seem-to-improve-maximal-physical-performance-in-male-elite-athletes-but-enhance-end-spurt-performance
#12
Raphael Knaier, Juliane Schäfer, Anja Rossmeissl, Christopher Klenk, Henner Hanssen, Christoph Höchsmann, Christian Cajochen, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
Many sports competitions take place during television prime time, a time of the day when many athletes have already exceeded their time of peak performance. We assessed the effect of different light exposure modalities on physical performance and melatonin levels in athletes during prime time. Seventy-two young, male elite athletes with a median (interquartile range) age of 23 (21; 29) years and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) of 63 (58; 66) ml/kg/min were randomly assigned to three different light exposure groups: bright light (BRIGHT), blue monochromatic light (BLUE), and control light (CONTROL)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505471/a-prospective-examination-of-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-intrusions-following-a-trauma-analog
#13
Adam J Ripley, Joshua D Clapp, J Gayle Beck
Several factors have been linked to the severity of posttraumatic distress, although retrospective designs in much of the literature limit conclusions regarding the temporal relation between risk factors and corresponding symptoms. To address these concerns, the current project employed an analog trauma paradigm to assess the impact of background characteristics, stress response, and post-stressor affect regulation on subjective distress and intrusive memories experienced during the subsequent processing of emotional stimuli...
May 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503997/television-during-meals-in-the-first-4-years-of-life
#14
Lindsay M Thimmig, Michael D Cabana, Michael G Bentz, Katherine Potocka, Amy Beck, Lawrence Fong, Cewin Chao, Aaron B Caughey, Angela Wong, Michelle McKean
The development of children's mealtime television (TV) habits has not been well studied. We assessed whether mealtime TV habits established in infancy will persist into early childhood. We analyzed data collected through parent surveys at birth and at 6-month intervals from a randomized controlled trial. We used t-tests, χ(2) tests, and a multivariable logistic regression to determine if family characteristics were associated with mealtime TV. A McNemar test was used to assess whether mealtime TV exposure changed over time...
June 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502817/concussion
#15
REVIEW
William J Mullally
Concussion has been recognized as a clinical entity for more than 1000 years. Throughout the 20(th) century it was studied extensively in boxers(1,2,3) but did not pique the interest of the general population as it is the accepted goal of the boxer to inflict such an injury on their opponent. In 2002, however, the possibility that repetitive concussions could result in chronic brain damage and a progressive neurologic disorder was raised by a postmortem evaluation of a retired player in the most popular sports institution in the United States, the National Football League(4,5)...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501126/perceptions-regarding-helmet-use-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-female-pillions-in-karachi-pakistan
#16
Maryam Saeed, Selma Marie Siddiqui, Uzma Rahim Khan, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: In 2011, road traffic injury-associated fatalities among motorized two-wheeler (MTW) pillion riders (backseat two-wheeler passengers) rose 30% in Karachi. Despite mandatory helmet laws, helmet use fell 20% the same year. This study aims to identify opinions of female pillions on helmet usage and whether various forms of media influence their self-perception. METHODS: Trained surveyors, using a survey tool used in similar studies in South Asia, conducted random, man-on-the-street interviews of 400 women in four areas of Karachi...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498041/sense-of-community-on-twitter-and-instagram-exploring-the-roles-of-motives-and-parasocial-relationships
#17
Michael G Blight, Erin K Ruppel, Kelsea V Schoenbauer
Although research has explored the ways in which people form virtual communities to converse about media figures, television shows, and similar topics, little research has examined the link between virtual communities and the parasocial relationships (PSRs) that are often the focus of these conversations and users' experiences in those virtual communities. We examined sense of community (SOC) on Twitter and Instagram as a function of users' motives for use and users' PSR on the sites. In addition to examining the relative importance of different motives for using Twitter and Instagram, we predicted that PSR would mediate the association between motives for use and SOC...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497279/aspiring-to-have-the-looks-of-a-celebrity-young-girls-engagement-in-appearance-management-behaviors
#18
Jolien Trekels, Steven Eggermont
Research suggests that sexualizing media messages are present in teen media and negatively affect young girls' body image. Yet, it is unknown whether exposure to teen television programs is associated with girls' engagement in appearance management behaviors. Two-wave longitudinal data among 785 girls (Mage = 11.65 years) were collected. Results show that teen television exposure was longitudinally related to appearance management, while the reverse relation was not supported. Approximately half of the girls indicated to manage their appearance to some extent, and 13- to 14-year-old girls were more likely to invest in their appearance than younger girls...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491483/twelve-weeks-of-dance-exergaming-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescent-girls-transfer-effects-on-physical-activity-screen-time-and-self-efficacy
#19
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Robert L Newton
BACKGROUND: Given the low levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescent girls in the US, there is a need to identify tools to motivate increased PA. Although there is limited evidence that adolescents transfer PA from one context to another context, exergames (i.e., video games that require gross motor activity) may act as a gateway to promote overall PA outside of game play. The purpose of this study was to examine potential transfer effects (i.e., influences on external behaviors and psychological constructs) of a 12-week exergaming intervention on adolescent girls' PA, screen-time, and self-efficacy towards PA, as well as the intrinsic motivation of exergaming...
March 2017: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484133/sources-of-information-about-health-foods-among-elderly-people-comparison-of-internet-and-paper-survey-results
#20
Etsuko Kobayashi, Yoko Sato, Keizo Umegaki, Tsuyoshi Chiba
The prevalence of health foods is increasing in Japan, especially among elderly people. The internet is widely used as an information source, but it is not clear whether elderly people get information about health foods via the internet or not. To clarify this issue, we conducted two questionnaire surveys; one on a website (internet survey) and one in the local community (paper survey). The internet survey showed that a lot of elderly people use the internet to get information and also to purchase health foods...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
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