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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814743/nutritional-status-and-the-influence-of-tv-consumption-on-female-body-size-ideals-in-populations-recently-exposed-to-the-media
#1
Jean-Luc Jucker, Tracey Thornborrow, Ulrik Beierholm, D Michael Burt, Robert A Barton, Elizabeth H Evans, Mark A Jamieson, Martin J Tovée, Lynda G Boothroyd
Television consumption influences perceptions of attractive female body size. However, cross-cultural research examining media influence on body ideals is typically confounded by differences in the availability of reliable and diverse foodstuffs. 112 participants were recruited from 3 Nicaraguan villages that differed in television consumption and nutritional status, such that the contribution of both factors could be revealed. Participants completed a female figure preference task, reported their television consumption, and responded to several measures assessing nutritional status...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811732/exposure-to-and-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-does-language-matter
#2
Paul Wada, Chun Nok Lam, Elizabeth Burner, Sophie Terp, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients who are English proficient become aware of e-cigarettes through different marketing tactics and have dissimilar patterns of use than patients who are non-English speaking. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study surveying adult English- and Spanish-speaking patients. ANOVA and chi-squared tests were used to examine differences between groups. SETTING: A large public, safety-net hospital in Los Angeles County, California...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808906/racial-disparities-in-hpv-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-among-african-american-and-white-women-in-the-usa
#3
Ashley Ojeaga, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Desiree Rivers, Ijeoma Azonobi, Brian Rivers
The objective of this study was to assess the differences in HPV-related knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among African American and non-Hispanic white women and to determine their communication preferences for cancer-related information. Data was obtained from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) 2014 Health Interview National Trends Survey (HINTS), a cross-sectional survey of US adults 18 years of age or older. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify differences in awareness and knowledge...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808807/sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-health-conditions-of-dominican-adults-living-in-puerto-rico
#4
Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Katherine L Tucker, Josiemer Mattei
Dominicans are the largest migrant community in Puerto Rico, yet understudied. We compared risk factors and health conditions of Dominicans versus Puerto Ricans (PRs). Cross-sectional survey of Dominicans (n = 55) and PRs (n = 310) aged 30-75 years, assessed with validated questionnaires and standardized anthropometric measurements. Significantly, more Dominicans than PRs had attained <8th grade education (37.7 vs. 8.0%), reported household income ≤$10,000 (76.1 vs. 56.9%), lacked health insurance (19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#5
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802459/head-trunk-and-arm-posture-amplitude-and-variation-muscle-activity-sedentariness-and-physical-activity-of-3-to-5-year-old-children-during-tablet-computer-use-compared-to-television-watching-and-toy-play
#6
Erin K Howie, Pieter Coenen, Amity C Campbell, Sonia Ranelli, Leon M Straker
Young children (ages 3 to 5) are using mobile touchscreen technology, including tablet computers, yet little is known on the potential musculoskeletal and physical activity implications of its use. This within-subject laboratory study (n = 10) examined head, trunk and arm postures, upper trapezius muscle activity, and total body and upper limb physical activity during playing with tablets compared to during TV watching and playing with non-screen toys. Overall, this study found that during tablet play children had greater mean head, trunk and upper arm angles compared to both TV watching and toy play...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791684/sleep-characteristics-light-at-night-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-a-prospective-cohort
#7
Alexandra J White, Clarice R Weinberg, Yong-Moon Park, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Emily Vogtmann, Hazel B Nichols, Dale P Sandler
Increasing numbers of women in the US are getting too little sleep. Inadequate sleep has been associated with impaired metabolic function and endocrine disruption. Sister Study cohort participants (n=50,884), completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires on sleep patterns. Incident breast cancers estrogen receptor (ER) status of the tumor were ascertained from questionnaires and medical records. Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Analyses of sleep characteristics reported at the first follow-up interview included only participants who were breast cancer-free at time of follow-up interview...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789721/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-among-adults-in-cambridgeshire-uk-the-fenland-study
#8
Peter Barrett, Fumiaki Imamura, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d)...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778972/tobacco-policy-reform-and-population-wide-antismoking-activities-in-australia-the-impact-on-smoking-during-pregnancy
#9
Alys Havard, Duong T Tran, Anna Kemp-Casey, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, David B Preen, Louisa R Jorm
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the impact of antismoking activities targeting the general population and an advertising campaign targeting smoking during pregnancy on the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Monthly prevalence of smoking during pregnancy was calculated using linked health records for all pregnancies resulting in a birth (800 619) in NSW from 2003 to 2011. Segmented regression of interrupted time series data assessed the effects of the extension of the ban on smoking in enclosed public places to include licensed premises (evaluated in combination with the mandating of graphic warnings on cigarette packs), television advertisements targeting smoking in the general population, print and online magazine advertisements targeting smoking during pregnancy and increased tobacco tax...
August 4, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774521/a-comparison-of-undergraduate-clinical-ophthalmology-learning-methods-smart-phone-television-display-versus-slit-lamp-teaching-telescope
#10
Sandy Zhou Wenting, Margaret Million Samin, Srinivasan Sanjay, Kumari Neelam, Khalil Shibli, Su Chang, Jason Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To compare medical students' preference of smart phone television display (SPTD) to a slit-lamp teaching telescope (SLTT) in undergraduate clinical ophthalmology education. METHODS: This is a randomized, crossover, comparative study. Pairs of medical students were randomly assigned to 2 teaching sessions using either SPTD first followed by SLTT or in reverse order. Students were asked to give feedback on the 2 teaching devices by answering 6 questions using a numeric rating score from 1 to 10...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758796/on-the-origin-of-worries-about-modern-health-hazards-experimental-evidence-for-a-conjoint-influence-of-media-reports-and-personality-traits
#11
Michael Witthöft, Ina Freitag, Christiane Nußbaum, Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Fabian Jasper, Josef Bailer, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Worries about health threatening effects of potential health hazards of modern life (e.g. electric devices and pollution) represent a growing phenomenon in Western countries. Yet, little is known about the causes of this growing special case of affective risk perceptions termed Modern Health Worries (MHW). The purpose of this study is to examine a possible role of biased media reports in the formation of MHW. DESIGN: In two experiments, we investigated whether typical television reports affect MHW...
July 31, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752742/trends-in-screen-time-behaviours-in-czech-schoolchildren-between-2002-and-2014-hbsc-study
#12
Dagmar Sigmundová, Erik Sigmund, Jens Bucksch, Petr Baďura, Michal Kalman, Zdeněk Hamřík
OBJECTIVE: Screen-based behaviours such as watching television or computer use are among the most prevalent sedentary behaviours adolescents spend time on. There is a lack of recent estimates on prevalence and changes in the amount of time spent on screen-based behaviour across Central and Eastern Europe. The main aim is to assess the trends in the prevalence of current recommendations for the screen time (≤2 hours per day) of school-aged children in the Czech Republic between 2002 and 2014...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752553/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-psychosocial-well-being-among-young-south-korean-children
#13
E-Y Lee, V Carson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between television (TV) viewing, reading, physical activity (PA), and psychosocial well-being among a representative sample of young South Korean children aged 0-5 years. METHODS: Findings are based on 1,774 children who participated in the Korea Children and Youth Survey. All measures were questionnaire-derived. Psychosocial well-being included social, interactive, and emotional skills (α = .7-.9), and the top quartile denoted high psychosocial well-being...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751299/personalized-web-based-advice-in-combination-with-well-child-visits-to-prevent-overweight-in-young-children-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Amy van Grieken, Eline Vlasblom, Lu Wang, Maaike Beltman, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Monique P L'Hoir, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: Overweight is a major health issue, and parent-targeted interventions to promote healthy development in children are needed. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate E-health4Uth Healthy Toddler, an intervention that educates parents of children aged 18 to 24 months regarding health-related behaviors, as compared with usual care. The effect of this intervention on the following primary outcomes was evaluated when the children were 36 months of age: health-related behaviors (breakfast daily, activity and outside play, sweetened beverage consumption, television (TV) viewing and computer time), body mass index (BMI), and the prevalence of overweight and obesity...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750266/the-role-of-appearance-schematicity-in-the-internalization-of-media-appearance-ideals-a-panel-study-of-preadolescents
#15
Ann Rousseau, Hilary Gamble, Steven Eggermont
Individuals who are more strongly invested in their appearance, appearance schematics, have a tendency to engage in appearance-related comparison. Appearance schematicity consists of two components. The self-evaluative component concerns the degree to which appearance is central to self-worth, referred to as dysfunctional appearance beliefs. Motivational salience refers to the engagement in behaviors designed to enhance appearance, such as body surveillance. Based on a three-wave panel survey of 973 Flemish preadolescents (Mage = 11...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749745/alcohol-storylines-in-television-episodes-the-preventive-effect-of-countering-epilogues
#16
Cristel Antonia Russell, Dale Wesley Russell, Joel W Grube, Edward McQuarrie
This experimental study assessed whether alcohol television storylines impact youth drinking attitudes and intentions and whether corrective epilogues can potentially moderate this impact. Television episodes were professionally produced to depict heavy drinking leading to either positive or negative consequences. The pro- and anti-alcohol episodes were shown alone or with an epilogue where a main character discussed the deleterious effects of excessive drinking. Attitudes toward drinkers and drinking intentions were measured subsequently, along with reactions to the episode and demographic data, among participants aged 14-17 using an online study...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745502/versatile-luminescent-europium-iii-%C3%AE-diketonate-imidazo-bipyridyl-complexes-intended-for-white-leds-a-detailed-photophysical-and-theoretical-study
#17
Kasturi Singh, Rajamouli Boddula, Sivakumar Vaidyanathan
Three ancillary ligands based on imidazo-bipyridyl with phenyl (Ph), naphthyl (Np), and triphenylamine (TPA) substitution were synthesized and secondhand to formulate the consistent europium(III) ternary complexes using thenoyltrifluoroacetone as an anionic ligand. The complete investigation of spectroscopic, photophysical, and electrochemical properties was carried out. The attained results for all the ancillary ligands and their corresponding Eu complexes were compared with one another. All the Eu complexes reveal a broad excitation band ranging from the near-UV to blue region, along with high intense emission and apposite color purity...
August 7, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745262/food-advertising-on-argentinean-television-are-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-lead
#18
Lorena Allemandi, Luciana Castronuovo, M Victoria Tiscornia, Miguel Ponce, Veronica Schoj
OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of processed and ultra-processed food (PUPF) advertisements (ads) targeted to children on Argentinean television (TV), to analyse the advertising techniques used and the nutritional quality of the foods advertised, and to determine the potential exposure of children to unhealthy food advertising in our country. DESIGN: Five free-to-air channels and the three most popular children's cable networks were recorded from 07.00 to 22.00 hours for 6 weeks...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744096/subjective-evaluation-of-uncorrected-vision-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-with-diffractive-multifocal-lenses-and-monovision
#19
Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Thaís Thumé, Luan Gabriel Paese, Elcio Luiz Bonamigo
PURPOSE: To analyze patient satisfaction and difficulties with bilateral multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) implantation and aspheric monofocal IOLs implantation using monovision, after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61 participants were included in the study, 29 with monovision and 32 with multifocal lenses. The inclusion criteria were patients undergoing phacoemulsification for bilateral visual impairment due to cataracts and presenting with postoperative visual acuity of 20/30 or better for distance and line J3 or better for near vision...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743536/vitamin-panacea-is-advertising-fueling-demand-for-products-with-uncertain-scientific-benefit
#20
Matthew D Eisenberg, Rosemary J Avery, Jonathan H Cantor
This study examines the effect of advertising on demand for vitamins-products with spiraling sales despite little evidence of efficacy. We merge seven years (2003-2009) of advertising data from Kantar Media with the Simmons National Consumer Survey to estimate individual-level vitamin print and television ad exposure effects. Identification relies on exploiting exogenous variation in year-to-year advertising exposure by controlling for each individual's unique media consumption. We find that increasing advertising exposure from zero to the mean number of ads increases the probability of consumption by 1...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
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