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Leidy Johanna Ocampo Arroyave, María Clara Restrepo-Méndez, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Denise Petrucci Gigante, Helen Gonçalves
This study focuses on trends and inequalities in health risk behaviors among adolescents. A cross-sectional study compared two birth cohorts in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The sample included 1,281 adolescents from the 1982 cohort and 4,106 from the 1993 cohort, followed in 2001 and 2011, respectively. The study recorded alcohol intake, illegal drug use, smoking, sexual initiation < 16 years, lack of condom use, and multiple sex partners. Total prevalence rates were calculated for each cohort, stratified by gender and per capita income, besides absolute and relative measures of inequality...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Alondra Escudero-Castellanos, Blanca E Ocampo-García, Ma Victoria Domínguez-García, Jaime Flores-Estrada, Miriam V Flores-Merino
Hydrogels are suitable materials to promote cell proliferation and tissue support because of their hydrophilic nature, porous structure and sticky properties. However, hydrogel synthesis involves the addition of additives that can increase the risk of inducing cytotoxicity. Sterilization is a critical process for hydrogel clinical use as a proper scaffold for tissue engineering. In this study, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), poly(ethylene glycol)-chitosan (PEG-CH) and multi-arm PEG hydrogels were synthesized by free radical polymerization and sterilized by gamma irradiation or disinfected using 70 % ethanol...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Alice Gottlieb, Alan Menter, April Armstrong, Christopher Ocampo, Yihua Gu, Henrique D Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS), also known as acne inversa, is a painful, chronic, debilitating, inflammatory skin disease and has shown response to anti-TNF-α therapy. Efficacy and safety of the anti-TNF-α agent, adalimumab, was assessed in a post hoc analysis of women from the first 16 weeks of a phase 2 study of men and women with HS. METHODS: Patients with moderate-to-severe HS in at least 2 body areas, unresponsive or intolerant to oral antibiotics for treatment of their HS, and with no previous anti-TNF-a or systemic non-biologic treatment, were randomized 1:1:1 to 40 mg adalimumab-weekly or every-other-week, or placebo...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Gabriel Cabot, Carla López-Causapé, Alain A Ocampo-Sosa, Lea M Sommer, María Ángeles Domínguez, Laura Zamorano, Carlos Juan, Fe Tubau, Cristina Rodríguez, Bartolomé Moyà, Carmen Peña, Luis Martínez-Martínez, Patrick Plesiat, Antonio Oliver
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) was used for the characterization of the, frequently extensively-drug resistant (XDR), P. aeruginosa high-risk clone ST175. A total of eighteen ST175 isolates recovered from 8 different Spanish hospitals were analyzed; four isolates from four different French hospitals were included for comparison. The typical resistance profile of ST175 included penicillins, cephalosporins, monobactams, carbapenems, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones. In the phylogenetic analysis, the four French isolates clustered together with the two isolates from one of the Spanish regions...
October 10, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
J Ventura-Cordero, P G González-Pech, P R Jaimez-Rodriguez, G I Ortíz-Ocampo, C A Sandoval-Castro, J F J Torres-Acosta
It is important to determine whether gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) affect foliage choice of goats leading to confirm the expression of a self-medication behavior. This study investigated the effect of GIN infection on tropical foliage selection by goats. During experimental stage 1 (10 days), goats had a natural mixed GIN infection, and at stage 2 (10 days), goats were treated with effective anthelmintics to maintain them free of GIN infection. During stage 1 the twelve adult goats (32 ± 2.3 kg live weight [LW]) were assigned to three groups (n = 4) according to their initial GIN infection status: HI group, with fecal egg count (FEC) between 1450 and 2150 eggs per g/feces (EPG); MI group, medium FEC (592-1167 EPG); and the NI group, free from GIN infection...
October 9, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Jin-Young Min, Christopher J Ocampo, Whitney W Stevens, Caroline P E Price, Christopher F Thompson, Tetsuya Homma, Julia H Huang, James E Norton, Lydia A Suh, Kathryn L Pothoven, David B Conley, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Kathleen E Harris, Kathryn E Hulse, Atsushi Kato, Nikolai N Modyanov, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is often characterized by tissue eosinophilia that is associated with poor prognosis. Recent findings that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) directly modulate the expression of eotaxin-3, an eosinophil chemoattractant, in patients with eosinophilic diseases suggest therapeutic potential for PPIs in those with CRSwNP. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of type 2 mediators, particularly IL-13 and eotaxin-3, on tissue eosinophilia and disease severity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ali Flores-Pérez, Laurence A Marchat, Sergio Rodríguez-Cuevas, Verónica Bautista-Piña, Alfredo Hidalgo-Miranda, Elena Aréchaga Ocampo, Mónica Sierra Martínez, Carlos Palma-Flores, Miguel A Fonseca-Sánchez, Horacio Astudillo-de la Vega, Erika Ruíz-García, Juan Antonio González-Barrios, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, María L Streber, César López-Camarillo
Deregulated expression of microRNAs has been associated with angiogenesis. Studying the miRNome of locally advanced breast tumors we unsuspectedly found a dramatically repression of miR-204, a small non-coding RNA with no previous involvement in tumor angiogenesis. Downregulation of miR-204 was confirmed in an independent cohort of patients and breast cancer cell lines. Gain-of-function analysis indicates that ectopic expression of miR-204 impairs cell proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, migration, invasion, and the formation of 3D capillary networks in vitro...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ana Sofía Ayala-Cortés, Sylvia Aide Martínez-Cabriales, Oliverio Welsh, Gloria Rosales-Solis, Osvaldo Vázquez-Martínez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Silvio A Ñamendys-Silva, Juan M Arredondo-Armenta, Humberto Guevara-García, Mireya Barragán-Dessavre, Francisco J García-Guillén, Luis A Sánchez-Hurtado, Bertha Córdova-Sánchez, Andoreni R Bautista-Ocampo, Angel Herrera-Gómez, Abelardo Meneses-García
We conducted an observational, longitudinal prospective study in which we measured the diameters of the inferior vena cava (IVC) of 47 patients using ultrasonography. The aim of our study was to assess the state of blood volume and to determine the percentage of patients who responded to intravascular volume expansion. Only 17 patients (36%) responded to fluid management. A higher number of responding patients had cardiovascular failure compared with nonresponders (82% vs. 50%, P = 0.03). Among the patients with cardiovascular failure, the probability of finding responders was 4...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Ivette Zegarra Ocampo, Priscila de Queiroz Souza Passos, Luma Ramirez de Carvalho, Camila Ayala Lira da Cruz, Natália Mencacci Esteves-Pedro, Fabiana Medeiros da Silva, Olga Zazuco Higa, Luiz Alberto Pereira Dias, Kayo Okazaki, Daniel Perez Vieira
Micronucleus (MN) assay constitutes a valuable surrogate to the chromosome aberration technique for in vitro testing of the genotoxicity of substances. As test substances, two peptidic compounds (DOTATATE and Ubiquicidin29-41) used in nuclear medicine, were tested for in vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in CHO-K1 cells. None of the compounds showed detectable cytotoxicity (0.5-7.3 ng/mL for DOTATATE and 0.3-4.5 ng/mL for UBI29-41), genotoxicity (0.72, 7.2 and 72.0 ng/ml for DOTATATE and 0.45, 4.5 and 45...
September 29, 2016: Cytotechnology
S R W Nurkic, A I Ocampo, M J P Gadea, J C Greenwalt, M J Vicente, A L Velasquez, L C L Peralta, F S Herrera, O C Romero, F L Tenorio, H L Zamora, L M Munguia, A R Yeung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Gilbert Barrantes, Diego Ocampo, José D Ramírez-Fernández, Eric J Fuchs
Deforestation and changes in land use have reduced the tropical dry forest to isolated forest patches in northwestern Costa Rica. We examined the effect of patch area and length of the dry season on nestedness of the entire avian community, forest fragment assemblages, and species occupancy across fragments for the entire native avifauna, and for a subset of forest dependent species. Species richness was independent of both fragment area and distance between fragments. Similarity in bird community composition between patches was related to habitat structure; fragments with similar forest structure have more similar avian assemblages...
2016: PeerJ
Josefina Ocampo, Feng Cui, Victor B Zhurkin, David J Clark
Eukaryotic DNA is packaged into regularly spaced nucleosomes, resembling beads on a string. Each bead contains ∼147 bp wrapped around a core histone octamer. Linker histone (H1) binds to the linker DNA to drive chromatin folding. Micrococcal nuclease (MNase) digestion studies reveal 2 mono-nucleosomal intermediates: the core particle (∼147 bp) and the chromatosome (∼160 bp; a core particle with additional DNA protected by H1). We have recently developed an improved method for mapping nucleosomes, using exonuclease III to remove residual linker (MNase-Exo-seq)...
July 3, 2016: Nucleus
Vanesa Soledad Marin Viegas, Carolina Gabriela Ocampo, Silvana Petruccelli
Delivery of recombinant proteins to vegetative tissue vacuoles was considered inconvenient since this compartment was expected to be hydrolytic; nevertheless there is growing evidence that certain foreign proteins accumulate at high yields in vacuoles. For example avidin, cellulolytic enzymes, endolysin, and transglutaminases were produced at high yields when were sorted to leaf central vacuole avoiding the detrimental effect of these proteins on plant growth. Also, several secretory mammalian proteins such as collagen, α1-proteinase inhibitor, complement-5a, interleukin-6 and immunoglobulins accumulated at higher yields in leaf vacuoles than in the apoplast or cytosol...
September 20, 2016: Bioengineered
Ishant Tiwari, Richa Phogat, P Parmananda, J L Ocampo-Espindola, M Rivera
In this paper we show the interaction of a composite of a periodic or aperiodic signal and intrinsic electrochemical noise with the nonlinear dynamics of an electrochemical cell configured to study the corrosion of iron in an acidic media. The anodic voltage setpoint (V_{0}) in the cell is chosen such that the anodic current (I) exhibits excitable fixed point behavior in the absence of noise. The subthreshold periodic (aperiodic) signal consists of a train of rectangular pulses with a fixed amplitude and width, separated by regular (irregular) time intervals...
August 2016: Physical Review. E
John Fredy Nieto-Ríos, Lina Maria Serna-Higuita, Catalina Ocampo-Kohn, Arbey Aristizábal-Alzate, Catalina Vélez-Echeverry, Juan José Vanegas-Ruiz, Ana María Bedoya, Sandra Lucía Lopera, Nury Rojano-Held, Nelson Darío Giraldo, Gustavo Adolfo Zuluaga-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Delayed graft function occurs in about 20 to 50 percent of kidney transplants.  OBJECTIVE: To describe the behavior of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGALu) in deceased-donor renal transplant recipients and to compare this indicator with the percentage of creatinine decrease (PdC) for the early detection of delayed graft function.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: NGALu levels were evaluated in a prospective cohort in the first, 12th, 24th and 48th hours after kidney transplant, and compared with the daily PdC until day 5...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez, Ángel René López-Uribe, Carlos Posadas-Romero, Nonanzit Pérez-Hernández, José Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez, Wendy Angélica Ocampo-Arcos, José Manuel Fragoso, Guillermo Cardoso-Saldaña, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential use of the I148M/PNPLA3 (rs738409) gene polymorphism as a susceptibility marker for premature coronary artery disease (pCAD) and/or cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM). The polymorphism was genotyped by 5' exonuclease TaqMan assays in a group of 2572 subjects (1103 with pCAD and 1469 healthy controls) belonging to the Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease (GEA) Mexican Study. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed in all individuals...
September 3, 2016: Immunobiology
E A Veizaga, L Rodríguez, C J Ocampo
Feedlots concentrate large volumes of manure and effluents that contain high concentrations of nitrate, among other constituents. If not managed properly, pen surfaces run-off and lagoons overflows may spread those effluents to surrounding land, infiltrating into the soil. Soil nitrate mobilization and distribution are of great concern due to its potential migration towards groundwater resources. This work aimed at evaluating the migration of nitrate originated on feedlots effluents in a fine-textured soil under field conditions...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Jun Wu, Alejandro Ocampo, Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte
The discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) a decade ago, which we are celebrating in this issue of Cell, represents a landmark discovery in biomedical research. Together with somatic cell nuclear transfer, iPSC generation reveals the remarkable plasticity associated with differentiated cells and provides an unprecedented means for modeling diseases using patient samples. In addition to transcriptional and epigenetic remodeling, cellular reprogramming to pluripotency is also accompanied by a rewiring of metabolic pathways, which ultimately leads to changes in cell identities...
September 8, 2016: Cell
José A Martín-Rodríguez, Raúl Huertas, Tania Ho-Plágaro, Juan A Ocampo, Veronika Turečková, Danuše Tarkowská, Jutta Ludwig-Müller, José M García-Garrido
Plant hormones have become appropriate candidates for driving functional plant mycorrhization programs, including the processes that regulate the formation of arbuscules in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis. Here, we examine the role played by ABA/GA interactions regulating the formation of AM in tomato. We report differences in ABA and GA metabolism between control and mycorrhizal roots. Active synthesis and catabolism of ABA occur in AM roots. GAs level increases as a consequence of a symbiosis-induced mechanism that requires functional arbuscules which in turn is dependent on a functional ABA pathway...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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