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Diabetes costs utilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894781/increased-healthcare-utilization-costs-following-initiation-of-insulin-treatment-in-type-2-diabetes-a-long-term-follow-up-in-clinical-practice
#1
Almina Kalkan, Johan Bodegard, Johan Sundström, Bodil Svennblad, Carl Johan Östgren, Peter Nilsson Nilsson, Gunnar Johansson, Mattias Ekman
AIMS: To compare long-term changes in healthcare utilization and costs for type 2 diabetes patients before and after insulin initiation, as well as healthcare costs after insulin versus non-insulin anti-diabetic (NIAD) initiation. METHODS: Patients newly initiated on insulin (n=2823) were identified in primary health care records from 84 Swedish primary care centers, between 1999 to 2009. First, healthcare costs per patient were evaluated for primary care, hospitalizations and secondary outpatient care, before and up to seven years after insulin initiation...
November 25, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891527/the-multimorbidity-index-a-tool-for-assessing-the-prognosis-of-patients-from-their-history-of-illness
#2
Farrokh Alemi, Cari R Levy, Raya E Kheirbek
BACKGROUND: The Multimorbidity (MM) Index predicts the prognosis of patients from their diagnostic history. In contrast to existing approaches with broad diagnostic categories, it treats each diagnosis as a separate independent variable using individual International Classification of Disease, Revision 9 (ICD-9) codes. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the MM Index, reviews the published data on its accuracy, and provides procedures for implementing the Index within electronic health record (EHR) systems...
2016: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887655/fracture-risk-and-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-among-osteoporosis-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan-retrospective-analysis-of-a-hospital-claims-database
#3
Masayo Sato, Wenyu Ye, Tomoko Sugihara, Yoshitaka Isaka
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis, osteoporosis-related fractures, and diabetes are considerable health burdens in Japan. Diabetes in patients with osteoporosis has been reported to be associated with increased fracture risk. This retrospective analysis of a Japanese hospital claims database investigated the real-world effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the incidence of clinical fractures, costs, and healthcare resource utilization in patients with osteoporosis and a subgroup of patients prescribed raloxifene...
November 25, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884979/cost-effectiveness-of-behavior-activation-versus-supportive-therapy-on-adherence-to-eye-exams-in-older-african-americans-with-diabetes
#4
David Winters, Robin Casten, Barry Rovner, Ann Murchison, Benjamin E Leiby, Julia A Haller, Lisa Hark, David M Weiss, Laura T Pizzi
Although the importance of ophthalmologic screening in diabetic patients is widely recognized by clinicians, the cost-effectiveness of strategies aimed at improving eye care utilization in this population is not well established. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed comparing behavior activation (BA) to supportive therapy (ST) in activating patients to receive a dilated fundus exam (DFE) and promoting healthy management of diabetes. Two hundred six subjects were randomized to receive either BA or ST between 2009 and 2013...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882834/amcp-partnership-forum-navigating-innovations-in-diabetes-care
#5
(no author information available yet)
: New developments that provide opportunities to enhance cost-effective diabetes care include advances in the pharmacologic treatment of diabetes, new drug delivery devices, innovations in patient management strategies, contracting strategies that incentivize effective interventions, and mobile health technologies. Payers must carefully consider the utility of these advances when making coverage decisions and designing benefits. To engage national stakeholders in a discussion about how to utilize innovations in diabetes care to optimize patient outcomes, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy organized the Partnership Forum on Navigating Innovations in Diabetes Care in Arlington, Virginia, on July 19-20, 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881268/antithrombotic-therapy-and-direct-medical-costs-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-shanghai-china
#6
Jeff J Guo, Yun Chen, Wenmin Du, Hongying Peng, Rui Wang, Ying Xia, Ping Xin, Patricia R Wigle, Emmanuel A Papadimitropoulos
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To describe patient profile, treatment patterns, and disease burden for patients with ACS. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cohort study was conducted. Data were obtained from electronic medical records from seven Shanghai medical centers. Patients with at least one primary diagnosis of ACS from 2006 to 2012 were included. Patient ACS-related antithrombotic medication use, laboratory tests, key comorbidities, health care utilization, and direct medical costs were examined...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879970/mortality-hospital-days-and-expenditures-attributable-to-ambient-air-pollution-from-particulate-matter-in-israel
#7
Gary M Ginsberg, Ehud Kaliner, Itamar Grotto
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, ambient air pollution accounts for around 3.7 million deaths annually. Measuring the burden of disease is important not just for advocacy but also is a first step towards carrying out a full cost-utility analysis in order to prioritise technological interventions that are available to reduce air pollution (and subsequent morbidity and mortality) from industrial, power generating and vehicular sources. METHODS: We calculated the average national exposure to particulate matter particles less than 2...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870672/the-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-generic-locking-plate-utilization-at-a-level-ii-trauma-center
#8
Austin Mcphillamy, Taylor P Gurnea, Alastair E Moody, Christopher G Kurnik, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: In today's climate of cost containment and fiscal responsibility, generic implant alternatives represent an interesting area of untapped resources. As patents have expired on many commonly used trauma implants, generic alternatives have recently become available from a variety of sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical and economic impact of a cost containment program using high quality, generic orthopaedic locking plates. The implants available for study were anatomically precontoured plates for the clavicle, proximal humerus, distal radius, proximal tibia, distal tibia, and distal fibula...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865163/evaluation-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-treatment-during-the-pre-diabetes-period-is-early-treatment-associated-with-improved-outcomes
#9
Paresh Chaudhari, Carlos Vallarino, Ernest H Law, Raafat Seifeldin
AIM: This study evaluates the association of pretreatment with oral antidiabetics (OADs) on clinical outcomes and health resource utilization among commercially insured type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in the United States. METHODS: Using administrative data (Truven MarketScan® Research Databases), patients diagnosed with T2DM between 2007 and 2014 with ⩾6months continuous enrolment pre- and post-diagnosis were evaluated. Pretreatment was defined as OAD use at least 3months prior to T2DM diagnosis...
November 3, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864667/examining-the-impact-of-rehospitalization-on-healthcare-cost-of-myocardial-infarction-patients-in-beijing-a-retrospective-observational-study
#10
Li Yang, Yifei Liu, Liankui Wen, Jingjing Wu
INTRODUCTION: To examine the impact of rehospitalization on the healthcare expenditure of myocardial infarction (MI) patients in Beijing. METHODS: Retrospective data of MI patients were retrieved from the Beijing Medical Insurance Database, an administrative database of social medical reimbursement activities for the urban population in Beijing, China. Ten percent of patients diagnosed with MI from January 1 to December 31, 2012 were randomly selected and their first hospitalization was considered as the index event...
November 18, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856826/the-influence-of-varying-cost-formats-on-preferences
#11
Charles Changchuan Jiang, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have found that cost strongly influences patients' decision making. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of varying cost formats on patients' preferences. METHODS: Mechanical Turk workers completed a choice-based conjoint (CBC) survey. The CBC survey was designed to examine stated preferences for the use of second-line agents to treat diabetes across 5 attributes: route of administration, efficacy, risk of low blood sugar, frequency of checking blood sugar levels, and cost...
January 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849439/liver-proteome-in-diabetes-type-1-rat-model-insulin-dependent-and-independent-changes
#12
Camila Pereira Braga, Cory H T Boone, Ryan A Grove, Dana Adamcova, Ana Angélica Henrique Fernandes, Jiri Adamec, Pedro de Magalhães Padilha
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) is a major public health problem that continues to burden the healthcare systems worldwide, costing exponentially more as the epidemic grows. Innovative strategies and omics system diagnostics for earlier diagnosis or prognostication of DM1 are essential to prevent secondary complications and alleviate the associated economic burden. In a preclinical study design that involved streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM1, insulin-treated STZ-induced DM1, and control rats, we characterized the insulin-dependent and -independent changes in protein profiles in liver samples...
November 16, 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842539/a-randomized-wait-list-control-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-a-mobile-application-to-improve-self-management-of-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-study-protocol
#13
Laura Desveaux, Payal Agarwal, Jay Shaw, Jennifer M Hensel, Geetha Mukerji, Nike Onabajo, Husayn Marani, Trevor Jamieson, Onil Bhattacharyya, Danielle Martin, Muhammad Mamdani, Lianne Jeffs, Walter P Wodchis, Noah M Ivers, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Management of diabetes through improved glycemic control and risk factor modification can help prevent long-term complications. Much diabetes management is self-management, in which healthcare providers play a supporting role. Well-designed e-Health solutions targeting behavior change can improve a range of measures, including glycemic control, perceived health, and a reduction in hospitalizations. METHODS: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate if a mobile application designed to improve self-management among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) improves glycemic control compared to usual care...
November 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833049/comorbidity-and-its-relationship-with-health-service-use-and-cost-in-community-living-older-adults-with-diabetes-a-population-based-study-in-ontario-canada
#14
Kathryn Fisher, Lauren Griffith, Andrea Gruneir, Dilzayn Panjwani, Sima Gandhi, Li Lisa Sheng, Amiram Gafni, Patterson Chris, Maureen Markle-Reid, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS: This study describes the comorbid conditions in Canadian, community-dwelling older adults with diabetes and the association between the number of comorbidities and health service use and costs. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used multiple linked administrative data to determine 5-year health service utilization in a population-based cohort of community-living individuals aged 66 and over with a diabetes diagnosis as of April 1, 2008 (baseline). Utilization included physician visits, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and home care services...
October 20, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826987/healthcare-costs-of-urinary-tract-infections-and-genital-mycotic-infections-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-initiated-on-canagliflozin-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Tony B Amos, Leslie Montejano, Paul Juneau, Susan C Bolge
OBJECTIVE: Assess the economic impact of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and genital mycotic infections (GMIs) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) initiated on canagliflozin. METHODS: Administrative claims data from April 2013 through June 2014 MarketScan® databases were extracted. Adults with ≥1 claim for canagliflozin, T2DM diagnosis, and ≥90 days enrollment before and after canagliflozin initiation were propensity score matched to controls with T2DM initiated on other antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823610/utility-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Elena Toschi, Howard Wolpert
A consensus conference of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology held in February 2016 advocated expanding the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in the management of diabetes. Based on the data described in this paper, CGM use is shown to improve glucose control and reduce hypoglycemic events, and therefore has the potential to reduce the risk of acute and chronic complications of diabetes. Likely, all of the above would not only improve the quality of life and life expectancy of people with diabetes, but would also have a positive impact on health-related cost...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810149/diabetes-mellitus-with-chronic-complications-in-relation-to-carotid-endarterectomy-and-carotid-artery-stenting-outcomes
#17
Oluwole Adegbala, Kimberly D Martin, David Otuada, Tomi Akinyemiju
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting are effective treatment procedures for carotid artery stenosis. Although diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent among patients undergoing these revascularization procedures, few studies have examined their impact on periprocedural outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine whether perioperative outcomes among patients undergoing carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy varied depending on the presence of diabetes with or without chronic complications...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796778/operational-components-of-telemedicine-programs-for-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
REVIEW
Mark B Horton, Paolo S Silva, Jerry D Cavallerano, Lloyd Paul Aiello
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of new-onset vision loss worldwide. Treatments supported by large clinical trials are effective in preserving vision, but many persons do not receive timely diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy, which is typically asymptomatic when most treatable. Telemedicine evaluation to identify diabetic retinopathy has the potential to improve access to care and improve outcomes, but incomplete implementation of published standards creates a risk to program utility and sustainability...
December 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790925/hepatic-and-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-toxicity-of-chitosan-oligosaccharides-of-normal-and-diabetic-rats
#19
João Soeiro Teodoro, Ana Patrícia Gomes, Ana Teresa Varela, Filipe Valente Duarte, Anabela Pinto Rolo, Carlos Marques Palmeira
Diabetes and associated conditions are now considered a worldwide epidemic, with increasing costs and burdens with no cure yet developed. The chitin-derived glucosamine biopolymer chitosan has shown promising results when supplied to diabetic patients. However, no study has investigated the possible toxic side effects of chitosan treatments, in particular when regarding the most important bioenergetic organelle, mitochondria. As such, we aimed to understand if supplementation of chitosan to the diet of normal and diabetic rats could compromise mitochondrial function on two of the major organs involved in diabetes, obesity, and metabolic regulation, the liver and skeletal muscle...
October 28, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777613/prevalence-care-seeking-and-health-service-utilization-for-non-communicable-diseases-among-syrian-refugees-and-host-communities-in-lebanon
#20
Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles, Baptiste Hanquart, Michael Woodman
BACKGROUND: Given the large burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among both Syrian refugees and the host communities within which they are settled, humanitarian actors and the government of Lebanon face immense challenges in addressing health needs. This study assessed health status, unmet needs, and utilization of health services among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling...
2016: Conflict and Health
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