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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535615/mesenchimal-stem-cells-a-possible-role-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-spondyloarthritis
#1
F M Perrotta, G Guerra, A De Socio, S Scriffignano, E Lubrano
Spondyloarthritis (SpAs) are a group of chronic inflammatory diseases that affect joints and enthesis with a possible involvement of other districts such as skin, eye and bowel. In SpAs, the inflammatory process could lead to both erosive damage (as in peripheral joint involvement of psoriatic arthritis), or bone formation (as in ankylosing spondylitis) with a reduction in function and quality of life. Recently, Mesenchimal stem cells (MSCs) transplant was used in different diseases, including autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, with the aim of repairing tissue damage, exploiting their regenerative capacity...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535531/comparison-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-aflibercept-and-dexamethasone-implant-after-bevacizumab-failure-in-macular-edema-secondary-to-retinal-vascular-occlusions
#2
Joel Hanhart, Yaacov Rozenman
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and anatomic outcomes of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion after switching from bevacizumab to ranibizumab, aflibercept, or dexamethasone implant. METHODS: Fifteen eyes were switched to ranibizumab, 12 to aflibercept, and 10 to dexamethasone. At 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, the outcome measures were visual acuity (VA) and central macular thickness (CMT). RESULTS: One year after the switch, CMT decreased from 430...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535498/can-dmco-detect-visual-field-loss-in-neurological-patients-a-secondary-validation-study
#3
Ane Sophie Olsen, Alvilda Thougaard Steensberg, Morten la Cour, Troels Wesenberg Kjaer, Bertil Damato, Lars Hageman Pinborg, Miriam Kolko
Unrecognized visual field loss is caused by a range of blinding eye conditions as well as serious brain diseases. The commonest cause of asymptomatic visual field loss is glaucoma. No screening tools have been proven cost-effective. Damato Multifixation Campimetry Online (DMCO), an inexpensive online test, has been evaluated as a future cost-beneficial tool to detect glaucoma. To further validate DMCO, this study aimed to test DMCO in a preselected population with neurological visual field loss. METHODS: The study design was an evaluation of a diagnostic test...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535143/intercultural-communication-through-the-eyes-of-patients-experiences-and-preferences
#4
Emma Paternotte, Sandra van Dulmen, Lindsay Bank, Conny Seeleman, Albert Scherpbier, Fedde Scheele
Objectives: To explore patients' preferences and experiences regarding intercultural communication which could influence the development of intercultural patient-centred communication training. Methods: This qualitative study is based on interviews with non-native patients. Thirty non-native patients were interviewed between September and December 2015 about their preferences and experiences regarding communication with a native Dutch doctor. Fourteen interviews were established with an interpreter...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535097/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#5
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI as well and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535077/sticky-situations-cyanoacrylate-exposures-reported-to-a-poison-control-system
#6
Shaun D Carstairs, Cynthia Koh, Lily Qian, Mariam Qozi, Grant Seivard, F Lee Cantrell
INTRODUCTION: Cyanoacrylate (Super Glue(®)) exposures are commonly reported to poison control centers, but little has been published in the medical literature regarding these exposures. We sought to characterize cyanoacrylate exposures reported to a poison control system. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a poison system's database for all cases of single-substance human exposure to cyanoacrylate-containing products from 2005 to 2015. Data collected included age, gender, route of exposure, clinical effects, treatments recommended and medical outcome...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534875/dose-dependent-social-cognitive-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-delivered-with-novel-breath-powered-device-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial
#7
D S Quintana, L T Westlye, S Hope, T Nærland, T Elvsåshagen, E Dørum, Ø Rustan, M Valstad, L Rezvaya, H Lishaugen, E Stensønes, S Yaqub, K T Smerud, R A Mahmoud, P G Djupesland, O A Andreassen
The neuropeptide oxytocin has shown promise as a treatment for symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, clinical research progress has been hampered by a poor understanding of oxytocin's dose-response and sub-optimal intranasal delivery methods. We examined two doses of oxytocin delivered using a novel Breath Powered intranasal delivery device designed to improve direct nose-to-brain activity in a double-blind, crossover, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. In a randomized sequence of single-dose sessions, 17 male adults with ASD received 8 international units (IU) oxytocin, 24IU oxytocin or placebo followed by four social-cognitive tasks...
May 23, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534808/development-towards-compact-nitrocellulose-based-interferometric-biochips-for-dry-eye-mmp9-label-free-in-situ-diagnosis
#8
Beatriz Santamaría, María F Laguna, David López-Romero, Ana L Hernandez, Francisco J Sanza, Álvaro Lavín, Rafael Casquel, María V Maigler, Rocío L Espinosa, Miguel Holgado
A novel compact optical biochip based on a thin layer-sensing surface of nitrocellulose is used for in-situ label-free detection of metalloproteinase (MMP9) related to dry eye disease. In this article, a new integrated chip with different interferometric transducers layout with an optimal sensing surface is reported for the first time. We demonstrate that specific antibodies can be immobilized onto these transducers with a very low volume of sample and with good orientation. Many sensing transducers constitute the presented biochip in order to yield statistical data and stability in the acquired measurements...
May 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534762/aiding-the-eye-watching-the-brain-james-weiland-ieee-fellow-explores-the-unique-challenges-of-retinal-prostheses
#9
Kristina Grifantini
The retina is a sophisticated neural network that provides humans with high-resolution vision. And for those who suffer from retinal disease or deterioration, particularly age-related macular degeneration (the leading cause of blindness among people over the age of 50 in the United States), a better understanding of how to stimulate the retina or completely override its path to the area of the brain that processes vision may offer hope to restore sight.
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534507/cecr1-mediated-cross-talk-between-macrophages-and-vascular-mural-cells-promotes-neovascularization-in-malignant-glioma
#10
C Zhu, I Chrifi, D Mustafa, M van der Weiden, P J M Leenen, D J Duncker, J M Kros, C Cheng
Glioblastomas (glioblastoma multiforme, GBM) are most malignant brain tumors characterized by profound vascularization. The activation of macrophages strongly contributes to tumor angiogenesis during GBM development. Previously, we showed that extracellular adenosine deaminase protein Cat Eye Syndrome Critical Region Protein 1 (CECR1) is highly expressed by M2-like macrophages in GBM where it defines macrophage M2 polarization and contributes to tumor expansion. In this study, the effect of CECR1 in macrophages on tumor angiogenesis was investigated...
May 22, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534343/predictors-and-outcomes-of-vitrectomy-and-silicone-oil-injection-in-advanced-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Alireza Ramezani, Hamid Ahmadieh, Amin Rozegar, Masoud Soheilian, Morteza Entezari, Siamak Moradian, Mohammad H Dehghan, Homayoun Nikkhah, Mehdi Yaseri
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual and anatomical results and identify factors that influence vitrectomy and silicone oil (SO) injection outcomes in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: This retrospective study included 236 eyes with PDR that were undergoing vitrectomy and SO injection with >3-month follow-up. The primary outcomes were final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal attachment rate. RESULTS: At the final visit (mean, 88 ± 58 weeks), complete, partial, and no retinal attachment were observed in 86...
May 12, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534339/polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-with-feeder-vessels-characteristics-fellow-eye-findings-and-long-term-treatment-outcomes
#12
Hyun Ji Hwang, Jae Hui Kim, Young Suk Chang, Jong Woo Kim, Chul Gu Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) with feeder vessels and to investigate fellow-eye findings. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 14 eyes with treatment-naïve PCV accompanied by feeder vessels that were treated with anti-VEGF monotherapy. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at baseline was compared with that at the last follow-up...
May 12, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534320/infectious-keratitis-and-orthokeratology-lens-use-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ka Wai Kam, Wing Yung, Gabriel Ka Hin Li, Li Jia Chen, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: Myopia is a prevalent condition among Asians. Orthokeratology lens has gained popularity as a method of myopia control. This systematic review is to summarize the clinical profile of infectious keratitis in association with orthokeratology lens wear. METHODS: We searched in the PubMed and EMBASE for articles adopting the search strategy "(orthokeratology lens OR orthokeratology) AND (bacterial eye infection OR keratitis OR cornea ulcer OR microbial keratitis OR bacterial keratitis)", from the start date of the databases to August 23, 2016...
May 22, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534288/physicochemical-and-biological-characterization-of-sustained-isopropyl-unoprostone-release-device-made-of-poly-ethyleneglycol-dimethacrylates
#14
Nobuhiro Nagai, Yasuko Izumida, Yoshimasa Yamazaki, Hirokazu Kaji, Junichi Kawasaki, Matsuhiko Nishizawa, Toshiaki Abe
Transscleral drug delivery is becoming increasingly popular to manage posterior eye diseases. To evaluate the clinical application of a transscleral, sustained, unoprostone (UNO)-release device (URD) constructed of photopolymerized tri(ethyleneglycol) dimethacrylate and poly(ethyleneglycol) dimethacrylate, we evaluated physicochemical and biological properties of this device. The URD consists of a drug-impermeable reservoir and a semi-permeable cover. The in vitro release rate of UNO from the URD increased with increasing temperatures from 20 to 45 °C...
July 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534271/optic-disc-granuloma-with-epididymitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#15
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Sowkath Ali, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy and steroids. RESULTS: A 35-year-old Indian male who presented with complaints of blurring vision in the right eye for 6 months and treated elsewhere with two intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF was found to have optic disc granuloma in the right eye...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534244/proposal-of-a-simple-optical-coherence-tomography-based-scoring-system-for-progression-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
Jianqin Lei, Siva Balasubramanian, Nizar Saleh Abdelfattah, Muneeswar G Nittala, SriniVas R Sadda
PURPOSE: To develop a simple, clinically practical, optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based scoring system for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to prognosticate risk for progression to late AMD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed OCT images (512 × 128 macular cube, Cirrus) from 138 patients diagnosed of early AMD in at least one eye and follow-up of at least 12 months. For patients with early AMD in both eyes, only the right eye was chosen as the study eye for longitudinal assessment...
May 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534232/spontaneous-dislocation-of-the-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens
#17
Azusa Fujikawa, Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Hirofumi Kinoshita, Eiko Tsuiki, Takashi Kitaoka
AIM: To evaluate the possible risk factors for posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation either in-the-bag (ITB) dislocation or out-of-the-bag (OOTB) dislocation. METHODS: All subjects who sustained late intraocular lens dislocation from January 2011 until May 2014 and presented to the Nagasaki University Hospital were included in the study. This study is a retrospective evaluation of all cases of posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation in this defined period...
May 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534231/comparison-of-outcomes-and-complications-of-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-and-penetrating-keratoplasty-performed-in-a-large-group-of-patients-with-keratoconus
#18
Ashbala Khattak, Fouad R Nakhli, Khaled M Al-Arfaj, Abdullah A Cheema
PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity, refraction, topography, and complications of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) performed in patients with keratoconus (KCN). METHODS: In this retrospective interventional non-randomized clinical study, patients with moderate to severe KCN that underwent either PKP or DALK for optical corrections were enrolled. The final outcome analysis was performed after complete suture removal for both groups of patients...
May 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534125/salivary-glands-abnormalities-in-oculo-auriculo-vertebral-spectrum
#19
Davide Brotto, Renzo Manara, Stefania Vio, Sara Ghiselli, Elena Cantone, Rodica Mardari, Irene Toldo, Valentina Stritoni, Alessandro Castiglione, Elisa Lovo, Patrizia Trevisi, Roberto Bovo, Alessandro Martini
BACKGROUND: Feeding and swallowing impairment are present in up to 80% of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) patients. Salivary gland abnormalities have been reported in OAVS patients but their rate, features, and relationship with phenotype severity have yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parotid and submandibular salivary gland hypo/aplasia was evaluated on head MRI of 25 OAVS patients (16 with severe phenotype, Goldenhar syndrome) and 11 controls...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534063/-the-new-law-on-radiation-protection-as-a-consequence-of-the-eu-safety-standard-of-2013
#20
REVIEW
G Layer
The transformation of a European guideline (2013/59/Euratom) from 2013 into national law requires adaptation of the national statutory regulations. This year, all areas of protection from ionizing radiation will be subject to the new radiation protection law (StrlSchG). Through this, the German X‑ray and Radiation Protection Acts will be combined to form a higher level of authority. The main parts of the StrlSchG will receive a new classification and will be organized according to the exposure scenario: radiation protection in planned exposure scenarios, radiation protection in emergency exposure scenarios, radiation protection in existing exposure scenarios, and the regulation of overall exposure scenarios...
May 22, 2017: Der Radiologe
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