keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Palliative oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469647/how-skilled-do-israeli-nurses-perceive-themselves-to-be-in-providing-palliative-care-results-of-a-national-survey
#1
Shelli L Feder, David Collett, Samantha Conley, Dena Schulman-Green, Tikva Meron, Nathan Cherny
BACKGROUND: In Israel, palliative care (PC) services are limited. This study assessed Israeli nurses' perceived competencies and educational needs in providing PC. DESIGN: Online administration of the End-of-Life Professional Caregiver Survey (EPCS). SETTING/SUBJECTS: Oncology and PC nurses were identified through the Israel Ministry of Health and Oncology Nurses' Society. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic and practice data were analysed using analysis of variance tests to determine differences between nurse characteristics by EPCS domains...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464940/multiplatform-plasma-fingerprinting-in-cancer-cachexia-a-pilot-observational-and-translational-study
#2
Mónica Patricia Cala, María Teresa Agulló-Ortuño, Elena Prieto-García, Carolina González-Riano, Lucía Parrilla-Rubio, Coral Barbas, Carmen Vanesa Díaz-García, Antonia García, Cristina Pernaut, Jorge Adeva, María Carmen Riesco, Francisco Javier Rupérez, Jose Antonio Lopez-Martin
BACKGROUND: Cachexia is a metabolic syndrome that affects up to 50-80% of cancer patients. The pathophysiology is characterized by a variable combination of reduced food intake and abnormal metabolism, including systemic inflammation and negative protein and energy balance. Despite its high clinical significance, defined diagnostic criteria and established therapeutic strategies are lacking. The 'omics' technologies provide a global view of biological systems. We hypothesize that blood-based metabolomics might identify findings in cachectic patients that could provide clues to gain knowledge on its pathophysiology, and eventually postulate new therapeutic strategies...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464662/clinical-routine-assessment-of-palliative-care-symptoms-and-concerns-and-caregiver-burden-in-glioblastoma-patients-an-explorative-field-study
#3
Matthias Seibl-Leven, Christian von Reeken, Roland Goldbrunner, Stefan Grau, Maximilian Ingolf Ruge, Norbert Galldiks, Veronika Dunkl, Martin Kocher, Raymond Voltz, Heidrun Golla
The implementation of self-reported outcome measurements into clinical routine was tested to help facilitate early access to palliative care (PC) for glioblastoma (GBM)-patients. Measures detail PC symptoms and concerns and caregiver burden. Between January 2014 and December 2016, a total of 337 GBM-patients were discussed during meetings of the neuro-oncology tumor board to examine further treatment options. Each patient, along with their caregivers, was requested to participate in self-assessment using the palliative outcome scale (POS) and the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463092/super-utilization-of-health-care-resources-among-gynecologic-oncology-patients
#4
Casey M Hay, Joseph L Kelley, Robert P Edwards, Kathleen M Pombier, John T Comerci
Super-utilizers account for many emergency department visits (EDV) and hospitalizations. Among Medicare/Medicaid patients, 5% to 10% account for >50% of spending. Little is known about super-utilization in gynecologic oncology. Charts of 64 gynecologic oncology patients with ≥3 EDV and/or admissions over 12 months were reviewed retrospectively. Cancer type distribution was 47% ovarian, 23% cervical, 23% endometrial, and 6% vulvar. Treatment at index visit was 61% chemotherapy, 16% no treatment, 8% recent surgery, and 6% radiation...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461908/improving-early-palliative-care-with-a-scalable-stepped-peer-navigator-and-social-work-intervention-a-single-arm-clinical-trial
#5
David B Bekelman, Rachel Johnson-Koenke, Daniel W Bowles, Stacy M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer could benefit from early primary (i.e., basic) palliative care. Scalable models of care delivery are needed. OBJECTIVE: Examine the feasibility of a stepped peer navigator and social work intervention developed to improve palliative care outcomes. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective clinical trial. The peer navigator educated patients to advocate for pain and symptom management with their healthcare providers, motivated patients to pursue advance care planning, and discussed the role of hospice...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460263/methadone-as-anticancer-treatment-hype-hope-or-hazard-a-series-of-case-reports-and-a-short-review-of-the-current-literature-and-recommendations-of-the-societies
#6
Gudrun Kreye, Eva-Katharina Masel, Klaus Hackner, Beate Stich, Friedemann Nauck
Recently, the use of methadone in cancer patients has increased due to in vitro studies indicating that methadone is capable of inducing cell death. However, thus far there are no relevant clinical studies indicating that the use of methadone can prolong survival in cancer patients. Based on low-quality evidence, methadone is a drug that has similar analgesic benefits to morphine and has a role in the management of cancer pain in adults. Other opioids such as morphine, hydromorphone, and fentanyl are easier to manage but may be more expensive than methadone in many economies...
February 19, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460015/-immuno-radio-and-chemotherapeutic-studies-in-head-and-neck-cancer-highlights-of-the-asco-annual-meeting-2017
#7
REVIEW
P J Schuler, A von Witzleben, J Doescher, B Wollenberg, A Dietz, T K Hoffmann
In recent years, immunotherapy has been shown to be a promising approach for the treatment of various tumor entities. Due to further pharmacological developments and new studies, the checkpoint inhibitors have now arrived in the clinic. To date, patients with cancers in the head and neck region have benefited from these agents as part of a palliative therapy. Current clinical trials are testing other indications for the checkpoint inhibitors as monotherapy or in combination with other therapeutic approaches...
February 19, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452704/substance-use-disorder-among-current-cancer-patients-rates-and-correlates-nationally-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#8
Pochu Ho, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are known to cause or complicate treatment of many types of cancers. OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically assess rates of current SUDs among patients currently in treatment for cancer. METHODS: The National Veteran Health Administration administrative data from fiscal year 2012 were used to compare veterans with both cancer and comorbid SUDs to veterans with cancer but no SUDs and those with a SUD but no cancer...
January 10, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452600/patterns-of-paediatric-end-of-life-care-a-chart-review-across-different-care-settings-in-switzerland
#9
Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco, Sandra Engberg, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Nicolas von der Weid, Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Marc Ansari, Christoph Aebi, Reta Baer, Maja Beck Popovic, Vera Bernet, Pierluigi Brazzola, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Regula Buder, Sandra Cagnazzo, Barbara Dinten, Anouk Dorsaz, Franz Elmer, Raquel Enriquez, Patricia Fahrni-Nater, Gabi Finkbeiner, Bernhard Frey, Urs Frey, Jeannette Greiner, Ralph-Ingo Hassink, Simone Keller, Oliver Kretschmar, Judith Kroell, Bernard Laubscher, Kurt Leibundgut, Reta Malaer, Andreas Meyer, Christoph Stuessi, Mathias Nelle, Thomas Neuhaus, Felix Niggli, Geneviève Perrenoud, Jean-Pierre Pfammatter, Barbara Plecko, Debora Rupf, Felix Sennhauser, Caroline Stade, Maja Steinlin, Lilian Stoffel, Karin Thomas, Christian Vonarburg, Rodo von Vigier, Bendicht Wagner, Judith Wieland, Birgit Wernz
BACKGROUND: Paediatric end-of-life care is challenging and requires a high level of professional expertise. It is important that healthcare teams have a thorough understanding of paediatric subspecialties and related knowledge of disease-specific aspects of paediatric end-of-life care. The aim of this study was to comprehensively describe, explore and compare current practices in paediatric end-of-life care in four distinct diagnostic groups across healthcare settings including all relevant levels of healthcare providers in Switzerland...
February 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451689/barriers-to-accessing-palliative-care-for-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Emily R Haines, A Corey Frost, Heather L Kane, Franziska S Rokoske
Although many of the 16,000 children in the United States diagnosed who are with cancer each year could benefit from pediatric palliative care, these services remain underused. Evidence regarding the barriers impeding access to comprehensive palliative care is dispersed in the literature, and evidence specific to pediatric oncology remains particularly sparse. The purpose of the current review was to synthesize the existing literature regarding these barriers and the strategies offered to address them. The authors completed a literature search using the PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Web of Science databases...
February 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448300/identification-of-preoperative-factors-associated-with-outcomes-following-surgical-management-of-intra-abdominal-recurrent-or-metastatic-gist-following-neoadjuvant-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy
#11
Christina L Roland, Brian K Bednarski, Kelsey Watson, Keila E Torres, Janice N Cormier, Wei-Lien Wang, Alexander J Lazar, Neeta Somaiah, Kelly K Hunt, Barry W Feig
BACKGROUND: The role of surgical resection in the treatment of patients with metastatic/recurrent gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) is unclear. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative factors associated with oncologic outcomes for recurrent/metastatic GIST after tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. METHODS: We identified 107 patients with metastatic or recurrent GIST treated with TKIs and surgical resection (2002-2012). Patients that underwent palliative or incomplete resection were excluded...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440816/empowering-nurses-in-providing-palliative-care-to-cancer-patients-action-research-study
#12
Fariba Taleghani, Mohsen Shahriari, Nasrollah Alimohammadi
Background: Chronic diseases such as cancer would lead to various health needs in patients and their families. To meet needs, developing new educational nursing courses is necessary. Therefore this study was conducted to empower nurses through designing and conducting short-term educational courses for training palliative care nurses. Materials and Methods: This study was a community-based action research which was conducted at Isfahan hospitals that provide services for cancer patients during 2015 at four stages (planning, acting, reflection, and evaluation)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440810/validation-of-malayalam-version-of-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-distress-thermometer-and-its-feasibility-in-oncology-patients
#13
M S Biji, Sampada Dessai, N Sindhu, Sithara Aravind, B Satheesan
Context: This study was designed to translate and validate the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) distress thermometer (DT) in regional language " Malayalam" and to see the feasibility of using it in our patients. Aims: (1) To translate and validate the NCCN DT. (2) To study the feasibility of using validated Malayalam translated DT in Malabar Cancer center. Settings and Design: This is a single-arm prospective observational study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436307/cancers-of-the-major-salivary-gland
#14
Eugene Son, Aru Panwar, Charles H Mosher, Daniel Lydiatt
Salivary gland malignancies are rare tumors that comprise multiple histologic entities with diverse clinical behavior. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most frequent primary salivary malignancy, followed by adenoid cystic and acinic cell carcinoma. Although most salivary malignancies are asymptomatic, presentation with a rapidly enlarging mass may be accompanied by pain, functional neurologic deficits, soft-tissue invasion, or nodal enlargement. Assessment of clinical behavior and physical exam greatly contributes to diagnostic workup...
February 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431573/palliative-care-specialist-series-top-10-tips-palliative-care-clinicians-should-know-about-radiation-oncology
#15
Kavita V Dharmarajan, Shayna E Rich, Candice A Johnstone, Lauren M Hertan, Randy Wei, Lauren E Colbert, Joshua A Jones, Arif H Kamal, Christopher A Jones
As palliative care (PC) moves upstream in the course of advanced illness, it is critical that PC providers have a broad understanding of curative and palliative treatments for serious diseases. Possessing a working knowledge of radiation therapy (RT), one of the three pillars of cancer care, is crucial to PC providers given RT's role in both the curative and palliative settings. This article provides PC providers with a primer on the vocabulary of RT; the team of people involved in the planning of RT; and common indications, benefits, and side effects of treatment...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429920/impact-of-a-clinical-pathway-tool-on-appropriate-palliative-radiation-therapy-for-bone-metastases
#16
Lisa S Rotenstein, Alexander O Kerman, Joseph Killoran, Tracy A Balboni, Monica S Krishnan, Allison Taylor, Neil E Martin
PURPOSE: Clinical pathways increase compliance with treatment guidelines, improve outcomes, and reduce costs. Guidelines recommend single fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) for palliation of uncomplicated bone metastases, but implementation is variable. We examined the effects of a pathway tool on SFRT rates in an academic radiation oncology practice. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using published literature, clinical guidelines, and expert input, we designed a clinical pathway for bone metastases radiation therapy displayed on a Web-based electronic interface...
December 8, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429005/new-frontier-cancer-pain-management-clinical-fellowship
#17
Uri Hochberg, Jordi Perez, Manuel Borod
Cancer pain is a multi-dimensional experience, varies from person to person both physically and psycho-socially, and impacts all aspects of the patients' quality of life. Majority of patients with an advanced or metastatic cancer will experience pain. It is estimated that as many as half of cancer patients are under-treated and as many as 20% experience pain refractory to the conventional WHO ladder of pain management. The McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) Cancer Pain Clinic (CPC) was created to meet the needs of those patients with a diagnosis of cancer whose pain had become a main symptom and those who failed to respond to conventional treatment...
February 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425881/pediatric-oncology-provider-perceptions-of-a-pediatric-palliative-care-service-the-influence-of-emotional-esteem-and-emotional-labor
#18
Julia E Szymczak, Theodore Schall, Douglas L Hill, Jennifer K Walter, Shefali Parikh, Concetta DiDomenico, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Pediatric palliative care consults for children with cancer often occur late in the course of disease and close to death, when earlier involvement would reduce suffering. The perceptions that pediatric oncology providers hold about the pediatric palliative care service (PPCS) may shape referral patterns. OBJECTIVE: To explore how pediatric oncology providers at one institution perceived the hospital's PPCS and the way these perceptions may influence the timing of consultation...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425055/caring-for-life-limiting-illness-in-ethiopia-a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-outpatient-palliative-care-needs
#19
Eleanor Anderson Reid, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Nicola Ayers, Wondimagegnu Tigineh, Yoseph Mamo Azmera
BACKGROUND: Palliative care aims to reduce physical suffering and the emotional, spiritual, and psychosocial distress of life-limiting illness. Palliative care is a human right, yet there are vast disparities in its provision: of the 40 million people globally in need of palliative care, less than 10% receive it, largely in high-income countries. There is a particular paucity of data on palliative care needs across the spectrum of incurable disease in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this research were to assess the overall burden of life-limiting illness, the costs associated with life-limiting illness, and barriers to accessing palliative care in Ethiopia...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418063/perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-early-integration-of-pediatric-palliative-care-a-national-survey-of-pediatric-oncology-providers
#20
Todd Dalberg, Neil L McNinch, Sarah Friebert
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess pediatric oncology providers' perceptions of palliative care in order to validate previously identified barriers and facilitators to early integration of a pediatric palliative care team (PCT) in the care of children with cancer. METHODS: A 36-question survey based on preliminary, single-institution data was electronically distributed to pediatric oncology physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses, and social workers nationally...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
keyword
keyword
41488
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"