keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mastitis treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205255/effect-of-postnatal-hiv-treatment-on-clinical-mastitis-and-breast-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-breast-feeding-women
#1
Sabrina Zadrozny, Daniel Westreich, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Francis Martinson, Chifundo Zimba, Gerald Tegha, Irving Hoffman, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis, Wezi Msungama, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mastitis and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive, breast-feeding women is unclear. METHODS: In the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition (BAN) study, conducted in Lilongwe, Malawi, 2369 mother-infant pairs were randomized to a nutritional supplement group and to one of three treatment groups: maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART), infant nevirapine (NVP) or standard of care for 24 weeks of exclusive breast-feeding and 4 weeks of weaning...
February 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184027/baicalin-promotes-the-bacteriostatic-activity-of-lysozyme-on-s-aureus-in-mammary-glands-and-neutrophilic-granulocytes-in-mice
#2
Xuejiao Gao, Mengyao Guo, Zecai Zhang, Peng Shen, Zhengtao Yang, Naisheng Zhang
Staphylococcus aureus causes mastitis as a result of community-acquired or nosocomial infections. Lysozyme (LYSO) is an enzyme that is upregulated in many organisms during the innate immune response against infection by bacterial pathogens. Baicalin is a bioactive flavonoid that can bind to enzymes, often to potentiate their effect. Here we tested the effects of baicalin on the activity of LYSO using the S. aureus mastitis mouse model and neutrophilic granulocyte model of S. aureus infection. In our experiments, S...
February 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174145/-effect-of-herd-health-management-on-the-prevalence-of-postpartum-dysgalaktie-syndrome-ppds-and-the-treatment-incidence
#3
W Pendl, B Jenny, P R Torgerson, P Spring, D Kümmerlen, X Sidler
The Postpartum Dysgalaktie Syndrome (PPDS) also known as metritis agalactia mastitis (MMA), is considered the most common disease of the sow after farrowing. The reasons for PPDS are multifactorial and are to be found in the areas of management and hygiene, feeding, water supply and animal specific factors such as body condition and age of the sows. In this study a veterinary herd health management was carried out in 28 pig farms with PPDS, with the aim to reduce the PPDS prevalence and animal treatment incidence (TI)...
February 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169551/advances-in-lactoferrin-research-concerning-bovine-mastitis
#4
Kei-Ichi Shimazaki, Kazuhiro Kawai
Lactoferrin is a multifunctional, iron-binding glycoprotein found in milk and other exocrine secretions. Lactoferrin in milk plays vital roles in the healthy development of newborn mammals, and is also an innate resistance factor involved in the prevention of mammary gland infection by microorganisms. Inflammation of the udder because of bacterial infection is referred to as mastitis. There have been many investigations into the relationships between lactoferrin and mastitis, which fall into several categories...
February 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161183/investigation-of-the-effect-of-pegbovigrastim-on-some-periparturient-immune-disorders-and-performance-in-mexican-dairy-herds
#5
R Ruiz, L O Tedeschi, A Sepúlveda
This study analyzed the efficacy of pegbovigrastim (Imrestor, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on some health and production parameters in lactating dairy cows. Primiparous and multiparous Holsteins from 17 Mexican dairy herds (n = 10,238) were included in this study, which was conducted in 2015. Treated cows (n = 5,025) received Imrestor approximately 7 d before expected calving and again within 24 h after calving; control cows (n = 5,213) did not receive a placebo. Clinical mastitis (MAS; 0 to 30 DIM), retained placenta (RP), and clinical metritis (MET; 0 to 21 DIM) occurrences were recorded, as well as the number of medication days, medical treatments needed, and the number of days that milk was discarded due to medication administered for disease...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161180/clinical-outcome-comparison-of-immediate-blanket-treatment-versus-a-delayed-pathogen-based-treatment-protocol-for-clinical-mastitis-in-a-new-york-dairy-herd
#6
A K Vasquez, D V Nydam, M B Capel, S Eicker, P D Virkler
The purpose was to compare immediate intramammary antimicrobial treatment of all cases of clinical mastitis with a selective treatment protocol based on 24-h culture results. The study was conducted at a 3,500-cow commercial farm in New York. Using a randomized design, mild to moderate clinical mastitis cases were assigned to either the blanket therapy or pathogen-based therapy group. Cows in the blanket therapy group received immediate on-label intramammary treatment with ceftiofur hydrochloride for 5 d. Upon receipt of 24 h culture results, cows in the pathogen-based group followed a protocol automatically assigned via Dairy Comp 305 (Valley Agricultural Software, Tulare, CA): Staphylococcus spp...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159785/identification-of-peptidoglycan-hydrolase-constructs-with-synergistic-staphylolytic-activity-in-cow-milk
#7
Carolin T Verbree, Steven M Dätwyler, Susanne Meile, Fritz Eichenseher, David M Donovan, Martin J Loessner, Mathias Schmelcher
: Peptidoglycan hydrolases (PGH) have been suggested as novel therapeutics for the treatment of bovine mastitis. However, activity in the presence of cow milk is an important requirement for drugs administered into the bovine udder. We have screened a library of >170 recombinant PGHs, including engineered bacteriophage endolysins, for enzymes with activity against Staphylococcus aureus in milk, using a microtiter plate-based protocol. Nine suitable PGH constructs were identified by this approach and further compared in time-kill assays for their efficacy against S...
February 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155803/non-antibiotic-approaches-at-drying-off-for-treating-and-preventing-intramammary-infections-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
David Francoz, Vincent Wellemans, Jean-Philippe Roy, Pierre Lacasse, Alfredo Ordonez-Iturriaga, François Labelle, Simon Dufour
Intramammary infection (IMI) treatment and prevention at drying-off is one of the leading causes for using antimicrobials on dairy farms. The objective of the current paper is to describe the protocol used for conducting a systematic review of the literature on non-antibiotic strategies that can be used on dairy cows at dry off to treat and prevent IMI. Relevant literature will be identified using a combination of database search strategies and iterative screening of references. To be included in the review, articles will have to: (1) be published after 1969; (2) be written in English, French, or Spanish; (3) use a study design such as a controlled trial, an observational study, or an experimental study conducted in vivo; (4) be conducted on commercial dairy cows; (5) investigate a non-antibiotic intervention used at dry off; and finally, (6) report on a relevant mastitis outcome...
December 2016: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133211/-a-case-of-inflammatory-pseudotumor-of-the-mammary-gland
#9
Wataru Goto, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Yuka Asano, Tamami Morisaki, Tsutomu Takashima, Satoru Noda, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 52-year-old woman visited our hospital with a chief complaint of a mass in the left breast. Palpation revealed a mass approximately 3 cm in diameter located on the outer aspect of the left breast. Breast ultrasound revealed a hypoechoic area with an indistinct border, which suggested breast cancer or mastitis. A needle biopsy revealed no evidence of malignancy, and granulomatous mastitis was diagnosed. Antibiotic therapy showed no improvement; therefore, we began prednisolone treatment for the patient. The mass diameter decreased over the subsequent 5 months after initiating this treatment, and we decreased the dose of prednisolone gradually...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129375/mammary-gland-pathology-subsequent-to-acute-infection-with-strong-versus-weak-biofilm-forming-staphylococcus-aureus-bovine-mastitis-isolates-a-pilot-study-using-non-invasive-mouse-mastitis-model
#10
Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Vincent Williams, Charlene Babra Waryah, Paul Costantino, Hani Al-Salami, Sangeetha Mathavan, Kelsi Wells, Harish Kumar Tiwari, Nagendra Hegde, Shrikrishna Isloor, Hesham Al-Sallami, Trilochan Mukkur
BACKGROUND: Biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus is an important virulence attribute because of its potential to induce persistent antibiotic resistance, retard phagocytosis and either attenuate or promote inflammation, depending upon the disease syndrome, in vivo. This study was undertaken to evaluate the potential significance of strength of biofilm formation by clinical bovine mastitis-associated S. aureus in mammary tissue damage by using a mouse mastitis model. METHODS: Two S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109600/supplementation-of-linoleic-acid-c18-2n-6-or-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-c18-3n-3-changes-microbial-agonist-induced-oxylipid-biosynthesis
#11
V E Ryman, N Packiriswamy, B Norby, S E Schmidt, A L Lock, L M Sordillo
Oxylipids are derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in cellular membranes and the relative abundance or balance may contribute to disease pathogenesis. Previous studies documented unique oxylipid profiles from cows with either coliform or Streptococcus uberis mastitis, suggesting that lipid mediator biosynthesis may be dependent on the type of microbial-derived agonist. Changing the fatty acid content of peripheral blood leukocytes also may be critical to the relative expression of oxylipid profiles and the outcome of bacterial infection...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095338/docosahexaenoic-acid-attenuates-lps-stimulated-inflammatory-response-by-regulating-the-ppar%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-primary-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#12
REVIEW
Xuexiu He, Weijian Liu, Mingyu Shi, Zhengtao Yang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong
BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a major dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) in fish oil, and has been reported to possess a number of biological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antitumor and immune-regulatory properties. However, whether DHA exert anti-inflammatory effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of the effects of DHA on LPS-stimulated primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC)...
January 5, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088425/short-communication-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-modulates-expression-of-drug-transporters-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-mouse-mammary-gland
#13
A Oskarsson, Y Yagdiran, S Nazemi, J Tallkvist, C H Knight
Mastitis is the most common disease in dairy herds worldwide and is often caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Little is known about the effect of mastitis on transporters in the mammary gland and the effect on transporter-mediated secretion of drugs into milk. We studied gene expressions of ATP-binding cassette and solute carrier transporters in S. aureus-infected mammary glands of mice. On d 7 of lactation, NMRI mice were inoculated with 1,000 cfu of S. aureus in 2 mammary glands and with a saline vehicle in 2 control glands...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077102/effects-of-aqueous-extracts-of-taraxacum-officinale-on-expression-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-intracellular-adhesion-molecule-1-in-lps-stimulated-rmmvecs
#14
Ge Hu, Junjie Wang, Dong Hong, Tao Zhang, Huiqin Duan, Xiang Mu, Zuojun Yang
BACKGROUND: Mastitis gives rise to big financial burden to farm industry (mainly dairy production) and public health. Its incidence is currently high and therefore, highly effective treatments for therapy, especially with natural products are required. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to use for anti-inflammation. However, its effect on endothelium during mastitis has not been reported. METHODS: We firstly established inflammation experimental model of rat mammary microvascular endothelial cells (RMMVECs)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065639/imaging-features-and-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-of%C3%A2-the-breast
#15
C F Longman, T Campion, B Butler, T D Suaris, A Khanam, H Kunst, S Tiberi, S A O'Keeffe
AIM: To outline the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, imaging features, and relevant investigations of the different subtypes of breast tuberculosis (TB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review was undertaken of all cases (33 in total) of breast TB presenting to Barts Health NHS Trust within a 10-year period, including patient demographics, imaging features, and route of diagnosis. RESULTS: Thirty-three cases of proven granulomatous TB of the breast were identified (11 mastitis obliterans, 10 nodular caseous form, five sclerosing form, four disseminated disease, and three abnormal axillary lymph nodes)...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050664/rifampicin-for-idiopathic-granulomatous-lobular-mastitis-a-promising-alternative-for-treatment
#16
Omar Farouk, Mohamed Abdelkhalek, Ahmed Abdallah, Ahmed Shata, Ahmed Senbel, Essam Attia, Mohamed Abd Elghaffar, Mahmoud Mesbah, Nermine Soliman, Maha Amin, Dina El-Tantawy
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis (IGLM) is a chronic, non-caseating, inflammatory breast disease of obscure aetiology characterized by multiple masses, abscesses and sinus formation. There is no standard treatment to date, but surgical procedures and systemic corticosteroids are effective in its treatment despite high recurrence rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study including 30 patients with IGLM between November 2012 and May 2016 aimed to investigate the possibility of administration of Rifampicin (300 mg twice daily for a period of 6-9 months) as an alternative therapy for both surgery and corticosteroids in patients with IGLM...
January 3, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012631/estimating-us-dairy-clinical-disease-costs-with-a-stochastic-simulation-model
#17
D Liang, L M Arnold, C J Stowe, R J Harmon, J M Bewley
A farm-level stochastic model was used to estimate costs of 7 common clinical diseases in the United States: mastitis, lameness, metritis, retained placenta, left-displaced abomasum, ketosis, and hypocalcemia. The total disease costs were divided into 7 categories: veterinary and treatment, producer labor, milk loss, discarded milk, culling cost, extended days open, and on-farm death. A Monte Carlo simulation with 5,000 iterations was applied to the model to account for inherent system variation. Four types of market prices (milk, feed, slaughter, and replacement cow) and 3 herd-performance factors (rolling herd average, product of heat detection rate and conception rate, and age at first calving) were modeled stochastically...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007038/semi-quantitative-method-for-staphylococci-magnetic-detection-in-raw-milk
#18
Carla Margarida Duarte, Carla Carneiro, Susana Cardoso, Paulo Peixeiro Freitas, Ricardo Bexiga
Bovine mastitis is the most costly disease for dairy farmers, hence, control measures to prevent it are crucial for dairy farm sustainability. Staphylococcus aureus is considered a major mastitis pathogen because of its impact on milk quality and low cure rates. Prevention of S. aureus mastitis includes segregation of infected animals, whilst treatment of such animals should be performed for a longer time to improve cure rates. This makes identification of S. aureus infected quarters and animals of significant importance...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984712/mangiferin-inhibits-mastitis-induced-by-lps-via-suppressing-nf-%C3%A4-b-and-nlrp3-signaling-pathways
#19
Shihui Qu, Wenqing Wang, Depeng Li, Shumin Li, Like Zhang, Yunhe Fu, Naisheng Zhang
During the past era, small molecules derived from various plants have attracted extensive attention for their versatile medicinal benefits. Among these, one organic molecule called mangiferin from certain plant species including mangoes and honey bush tea is widely used in treating inflammation. In this study, a LPS-induced mastitis model in mouse is established to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of mangiferin. The result shows that mangiferin significantly alleviates LPS-induced histopathology, meanwhile, also decreases LPS-induced MPO activity...
February 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939551/antimicrobial-treatment-of-clinical-mastitis-in-the-eastern-united-states-the-influence-of-dairy-farmers-mastitis-management-and-treatment-behavior-and-attitudes
#20
J Kayitsinga, R L Schewe, G A Contreras, R J Erskine
To assess both the behaviors and social variables related to antimicrobial therapy for clinical mastitis, we sent a survey to 1,700 dairy farms in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Florida in January and February 2013. The survey included questions related to 7 major areas: sociodemographic and farm characteristics, milking proficiency, milking systems, cow environment, infected cow monitoring and treatment, farm labor, and attitudes toward mastitis and related antimicrobial use. The overall response rate was 41% (21% in Florida, 39% in Michigan, and 45% in Pennsylvania)...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
41476
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"