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Transplante hepatico

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489167/preoperative-computed-tomography-volumetry-and-graft-weight-estimation-in-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#1
Rafael S Pinheiro, Ruy J Cruz-Jr, Wellington Andraus, Liliana Ducatti, Rodrigo B Martino, Lucas S Nacif, Vinicius Rocha-Santos, Rubens M Arantes, Quirino Lai, Felicia S Ibuki, Manoel S Rocha, Luiz A C D Albuquerque
Background: Computed tomography volumetry (CTV) is a useful tool for predicting graft weights (GW) for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Few studies have examined the correlation between CTV and GW in normal liver parenchyma. Aim: To analyze the correlation between CTV and GW in an adult LDLT population and provide a systematic review of the existing mathematical models to calculate partial liver graft weight. Methods: Between January 2009 and January 2013, 28 consecutive donors undergoing right hepatectomy for LDLT were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489166/anatomic-variations-of-hepatic-artery-a-study-in-479-liver-transplantations
#2
Olival Cirilo Lucena da Fonseca-Neto, Heloise Caroline de Souza Lima, Priscylla Rabelo, Paulo Sérgio Vieira de Melo, Américo Gusmão Amorim, Cláudio Moura Lacerda
Background: The incidence of anatomic variations of hepatic artery ranges from 20-50% in different series. Variations are especially important in the context of liver orthotopic transplantation, since, besides being an ideal opportunity for surgical anatomical study, their precise identification is crucial to the success of the procedure. Aim: To identify the anatomical variations in the hepatic arterial system in hepatic transplantation. Methods: 479 medical records of transplanted adult patients in the 13-year period were retrospectively analyzed, and collected data on hepatic arterial anatomy of the deceased donor...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443944/the-role-of-thromboelastometry-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-coagulopathy-in-liver-transplant-patients
#3
Raffael Pereira Cezar Zamper, Thiago Chaves Amorim, Luiz Guilherme Villares da Costa, Flávio Takaoka, Ary Serpa
Perioperative monitoring of coagulation is vital to assess bleeding risks, diagnose deficiencies associated with hemorrhage, and guide hemostatic therapy in major surgical procedures, such as liver transplantation. Routine static tests demand long turnaround time and do not assess platelet function; they are determined on plasma at a standard temperature of 37°C; hence these tests are ill-suited for intraoperative use. In contrast, methods which evaluate the viscoelastic properties of whole blood, such as thromboelastogram and rotational thromboelastometry, provide rapid qualitative coagulation assessment and appropriate guidance for transfusion therapy...
April 20, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#4
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076478/liver-transplantation-for-carcinoma-hepatocellular-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-414-cases-by-the-milan-brazil-criteria
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gustavo Pilotto D Sá, Fernando P P Vicentine, Alcides A Salzedas-Netto, Carla Adriana Loureiro de Matos, Luiz R Romero, Dario F P Tejada, Paulo Celso Bosco Massarollo, Gaspar J Lopes-Filho, Adriano M Gonzalez
Background: The criterion of Milan (CM) has been used as standard for indication of liver transplantation (LTx) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide for nearly 20 years. Several centers have adopted criteria expanded in order to increase the number of patients eligible to liver transplantation, while maintaining good survival rates. In Brazil, since 2006, the criterion of Milan/Brazil (CMB), which disregards nodules <2 cm, is adopted, including patients with a higher number of small nodules...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076477/pediatric-liver-transplantation-with-ex-situ-liver-transection-and-the-application-of-the-human-fibrinogen-and-thrombin-sponge-in-the-wound-area
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernando Pompeu Piza Vicentine, Adriano Miziara Gonzalez, Ramiro Anthero de Azevedo, Barbara Burza Benini, Marcelo Moura Linhares, Gaspar de Jesus Lopes-Filho, Jose Luiz Martins, Alcides Augusto Salzedas-Netto
Background: Surgical strategy to increase the number of liver transplants in the pediatric population is the ex-situ liver transection (reduction or split). However, it is associated with complications such as hemorrhage and leaks. The human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge is useful for improving hemostasis in liver surgery. Aim: Compare pediatric liver transplants with ex-situ liver transection (reduction or split) with or without the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982336/splenic-artery-aneurysm
#7
Rui Antônio Ferreira Tcbc-Rj, Myriam Christina Lopes Ferreira, Daniel Antônio Lopes Ferreira, André Gustavo Lopes Ferreira, Flávia Oliveira Ramos
Splenic artery aneurysms - the most common visceral artery aneurysms - are found most often in multiparous women and in patients with portal hypertension. Indications for treatment of splenic artery aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm include specific symptoms, female gender and childbearing age, presence of portal hypertension, planned liver transplantation, a pseudoaneurysm of any size, and an aneurysm with a diameter of more than 2.5cm. Historically, the treatment of splenic artery aneurysm has been surgical ligation of the splenic artery, ligation of the aneurysm, or aneurysmectomy with or without splenectomy, depending on the aneurysm location...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783749/primary-graft-dysfunction-of-the-liver-definitions-diagnostic-criteria-and-risk-factors
#8
REVIEW
Douglas Bastos Neves, Marcela Balbo Rusi, Luiz Gustavo Guedes Diaz, Paolo Salvalaggio
Primary graft dysfunction is a multifactorial syndrome with great impact on liver transplantation outcomes. This review article was based on studies published between January 1980 and June 2015 and retrieved from PubMed database using the following search terms: "primary graft dysfunction", "early allograft dysfunction", "primary non-function" and "liver transplantation". Graft dysfunction describes different grades of graft ischemia-reperfusion injury and can manifest as early allograft dysfunction or primary graft non-function, its most severe form...
2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759824/pharmaceutical-orientation-at-hospital-discharge-of-transplant-patients-strategy-for-patient-safety
#9
Lívia Falcão Lima, Bruna Cristina Cardoso Martins, Francisco Roberto Pereira de Oliveira, Rafaela Michele de Andrade Cavalcante, Vanessa Pinto Magalhães, Paulo Yuri Milen Firmino, Liana Silveira Adriano, Adriano Monteiro da Silva, Maria Jose Nascimento Flor, Eugenie Desirée Rabelo Néri
Objective: To describe and analyze the pharmaceutical orientation given at hospital discharge of transplant patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study that used records of orientation given by the clinical pharmacist in the inpatients unit of the Kidney and Liver Transplant Department, at Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, in the city of Fortaleza (CE), Brazil, from January to July, 2014. The following variables recorded at the Clinical Pharmacy Database were analyzed according to their significance and clinical outcomes: pharmaceutical orientation at hospital discharge, drug-related problems and negative outcomes associated with medication, and pharmaceutical interventions performed...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759784/post-reperfusion-liver-biopsy-and-its-value-in-predicting-mortality-and-graft-dysfunction-after-liver-transplantation
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marcos Vinícius Zanchet, Larissa Luvison Gomes da Silva, Jorge Eduardo Fouto Matias, Júlio Cezar Uili Coelho
Background: The outcome of the patients after liver transplant is complex and to characterize the risk for complications is not always easy. In this context, the hepatic post-reperfusion biopsy is capable of portraying alterations of prognostic importance. Aim: To compare the results of liver transplantation, correlating the different histologic features of the hepatic post-reperfusion biopsy with graft dysfunction, primary non-function and patient survival in the first year after transplantation...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579933/adherence-to-immunosuppressive-therapy-following-liver-transplantation-an-integrative-review
#11
Ramon Antônio Oliveira, Ruth Natália Teresa Turrini, Vanessa de Brito Poveda
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the evidence available in the literature on non-adherence to immunosuppressive therapy among patients undergoing liver transplantation. METHOD: integrative literature review, including research whose sample consisted of patients aged over 18 years undergoing liver transplantation. It excluded those containing patients undergoing multiple organ transplants. For the selection of articles, Medline / Pubmed, CINAHL, LILACS, Scopus and Embase were searched...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692574/temporary-abdominal-closure-and-delayed-biliary-reconstruction-due-to-massive-bleeding-in-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-an-old-trick-in-a-new-indication
#12
Andrzej L Komorowski, Wei-Feng Li, Carlos A Millan, Tun-Sung Huang, Chee-Chien Yong, Tsan-Shiun Lin, Ting-Lung Lin, Bruno Jawan, Chih-Chi Wang, Chao-Long Chen
BACKGROUND: Massive bleeding during liver transplantation (LT) is difficult to manage surgical event. Perihepatic packing (PP) and temporary abdominal closure (TAC) with delayed biliary reconstruction (DBR) can be applied in these circumstances. METHOD: A prospective database of LT in a major transplant center was analyzed to identify patients with massive uncontrollable bleeding during LT that was resolved by PP, TAC, and DBR. RESULTS: From January 2009 to July 2013, 20 (3...
February 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26534602/custo-efetividade-da-cintilografia-%C3%A3-ssea-de-corpo-inteiro-na-avalia%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-pre-transplante-hep%C3%A3-tico-de-pacientes-com-carcinoma-hepatocelular-na-regi%C3%A3-o-sul-do-brasil
#13
S Rodriguez, G Balbinotto, A Brandão
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26404045/-v-consensus-meeting-of-the-spanish-society-for-liver-transplant-on-high-risk-recipients-immunosupression-scenarios-and-management-of-hepatocarcinoma-on-the-transplant-waiting-list
#14
Fernando Pardo, José Antonio Pons, Javier Briceño
With the aim to promote the elaboration of consensus documents on state of the art topics in liver transplantation with multidisciplinary management, the Spanish Society for Liver Transplantation (SETH) organized the V Consensus Meeting with the participation of experts from all the Spanish liver transplant programs. In this edition, the following topics were revised, and we present the summary: 1. High-risk receptors; 2. Immunosuppression scenarios; and 3. Management of the patient with hepatocarcinoma in the waiting list...
December 2015: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187597/v-consensus-meeting-of-the-spanish-society-for-liver-transplant-on-high-risk-recipients-immunosupression-scenarios-and-management-of-hepatocarcinoma-on-the-transplant-waiting-list
#15
Fernando Pardo, José Antonio Pons, Javier Briceño
With the aim to promote the elaboration of consensus documents on state of the art topics in liver transplantation with multidisciplinary management, the Spanish Society for Liver Transplantation (SETH) organized the V Consensus Meeting with the participation of experts from all the Spanish liver transplant programs. In this edition, the following topics were revised, and we present the summary: 1. High-risk receptors; 2. Immunosuppression scenarios; and 3. Management of the patient with hepatocarcinoma in the waiting list...
December 2015: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25484149/-combined-resection-of-liver-and-inferior-vena-cava
#16
A E Sherba, D Iu Efimov, O O Rummo
It was analyzed the results of treatment of 8 patients. Combined resection of liver and inferior vena cava was done in all cases. All resections of inferior vena cava were performed in combination with right-sided hemihepatectomy. Circular resection of inferior vena cava was done in 6 cases, tangential-in 2 cases. Allograft of donor inferior vena cava was used in 3 cases for reconstruction of inferior vena cava. Average duration of combined resection of liver and inferior vena cava was 675±189 min, average hemorrhage - 1800±1402 ml...
2014: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25474281/-endoscopic-management-of-surgical-biliary-complications
#17
REVIEW
F T Kolligs, J Schirra
Endoscopic-retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) is the method of choice for the treatment of surgical complications of the biliary system. Biliary leaks most frequently occur after cholecystectomy and partial liver resection. The most frequent complications after liver transplantation include biliary leaks, strictures and obstructive cholestasis. They are associated with significant morbidity and mortality as well as the risk of failure of the transplanted organ. The chance for a long-term successful therapy via ERCP is dependent on three main factors: (i) type, localisation and extent of the biliary damage, (ii) the time-point of appearance after surgery and (iii) the consequent accomplishment of the endoscopic therapy...
December 2014: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25458515/-activity-and-results-of-liver-transplantation-in-spain-during-1984-2012-analysis-of-the-spanish-liver-transplant-registry
#18
Valentín Cuervas-Mons, Gloria de la Rosa, Fernando Pardo, Fernando San Juan, Andrés Valdivieso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation (LT) is a proven effective treatment of severe liver disease. The aim of this paper is to analyze the results of LT in Spain during the period 1984-2012. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We analyze the results of the database of Spanish Liver Transplant Registry. RESULTS: A total of 20,288 transplants were performed in 18,568 patients. The median age of the donor and recipient increased during the analysis period: 25 years (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 18-40) and 47 years (95% CI 34-55), respectively, in the period 1984-1994 compared to 59 years (95% CI 33-65; P<...
April 20, 2015: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24369829/-iv-consensus-meeting-of-the-spanish-society-of-liver-transplantation-seth-2012-liver-transplant-with-non-conventional-grafts-split-liver-transplantation-and-non-heart-beating-donors
#19
Manuel Abradelo, Constantino Fondevila
The disbalance between the number of candidates to liver transplant and the number of liver grafts leads to waiting list mortality. Two potential ways of increasing the number of liver grafts are split liver transplantation and the transplantation of grafts from non-heart beating donors. Both of them were discussed in a consensus meeting of the Spanish Society of Liver Transplantation in October 2012. This paper outlines the conclusions of that meeting.
March 2014: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24290253/-iv-consensus-meeting-of-the-spanish-society-of-liver-transplantation-2012-exceptions-to-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-in-prioritizing-liver-transplantation
#20
Laura Lladó, Javier Bustamante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
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