keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222508/chronic-lithium-treatment-in-a-rat-model-of-basal-forebrain-cholinergic-depletion-effects-on-memory-impairment-and-neurodegeneration
#1
Francesca Gelfo, Debora Cutuli, Annalisa Nobili, Paola De Bartolo, Marcello D'Amelio, Laura Petrosini, Carlo Caltagirone
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder with multifactorial etiopathogenesis, characterized by progressive loss of memory and other cognitive functions. A fundamental neuropathological feature of AD is the early and severe brain cholinergic neurodegeneration. Lithium is a monovalent cation classically utilized in the treatment of mood disorders, but recent evidence also advances a beneficial potentiality of this compound in neurodegeneration. Interestingly, lithium acts on several processes whose alterations characterize the brain cholinergic impairment at short and long term...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222422/impact-of-diet-and-or-exercise-intervention-on-infrapatellar-fat-pad-morphology-secondary-analysis-from-the-intensive-diet-and-exercise-for-arthritis-idea-trial
#2
Aarón Leonardo Pogacnik Murillo, Felix Eckstein, Wolfgang Wirth, Daniel Beavers, Richard F Loeser, Barbara J Nicklas, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, David J Hunter, Stephen P Messier
OBJECTIVES: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) represents intra-articular adipose tissue that may contribute to intra-articular inflammation and pain by secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Here we examined the impact of weight loss by diet and/or exercise interventions on the IPFP volume. METHODS: Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) was a single-blinded, single-center, 18-month, prospective, randomized controlled trial that enrolled 454 overweight and obese older adults with knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis...
February 22, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222377/identification-of-autophagy-related-genes-lc3-and-atg4-from-yellow-catfish-pelteobagrus-fulvidraco-and-their-transcriptional-responses-to-waterborne-and-dietborne-zinc-exposure
#3
Chuan-Chuan Wei, Zhi Luo, Yu-Feng Song, Ya-Xiong Pan, Kun Wu, Wen-Jing You
Autophagy mediates the regulation of lipid metabolism. Moreover, our recent study indicated that waterborne and dietborne zinc (Zn) exposure differentially influenced lipid metabolism in a fish species of significance for aquaculture, yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, but further mechanism remained unknown. The hypothesis of the present study is that autophagy mediated the Zn-induced changes of lipid metabolism of yellow catfish subjected to different exposure pathways. To this end, we cloned key genes involved in autophagy in yellow catfish, explored their mRNA expressions in responses to different Zn exposure pathways...
February 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222337/assessment-of-dental-plaque-coverage-by-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence-qlf-in-domestic-short-haired-cats
#4
Zoe V Marshall-Jones, Corrin V Wallis, Judi M Allsopp, Alison Colyer, Ian J Davis, Lucy J Holcombe
Dietary means of reducing plaque and calculus deposits are frequently sought for the maintenance of oral health in cats and dogs. In the development of such products sensitive, reliable, reproducible methods of measuring plaque and calculus are key. The aim of this study was to assess Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF™) for the detection of dental plaque coverage in cats compared to the modified Logan and Boyce technique. The techniques were utilised in a crossover study, which compared two diets for their effect on plaque deposition in a cohort of 24 adult cats...
February 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222319/survey-of-the-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approach-to-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus
#5
Christian M Cabrera Kang, Nicolas Gaspard, Suzette M LaRoche, Brandon Foreman
PURPOSE: We conducted a survey of providers to assess for practice patterns in diagnosing and treating new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE). NORSE is the occurrence of prolonged seizures that are not responsive to initial therapies in otherwise healthy individuals without obvious cause on initial presentation. This entity is thought to have multiple etiologies, including autoimmune. METHOD: A 29-question electronic survey was sent to providers included in the Neurocritical Care Society emailing list...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222232/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-early-school-age-and-subsequent-allergic-disease
#6
Anna Gref, Susanne Rautiainen, Olena Gruzieva, Niclas Håkansson, Inger Kull, Göran Pershagen, Magnus Wickman, Alicja Wolk, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
BACKGROUND: Dietary antioxidant intake has been hypothesized to influence the development of allergic diseases, however, few prospective studies have investigated this association. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the association between total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the diet at age 8 years and the subsequent development of asthma, rhinitis and sensitization to inhalant allergens between 8 and 16 years, and to assess potential effect modification by known risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222187/a-purified-maa-based-elisa-is-a-useful-tool-for-determining-anti-maa-antibody-titer-with-high-sensitivity
#7
Takasumi Shimomoto, Leonard B Collins, Xianwen Yi, Darcy W Holley, Zhenfa Zhang, Xu Tian, Koji Uchida, Chunguang Wang, Sohvi Hörkkö, Monte S Willis, Avram Gold, Scott J Bultman, Jun Nakamura
Atherosclerosis is widely accepted to be a chronic inflammatory disease, and the immunological response to the accumulation of LDL is believed to play a critical role in the development of this disease. 1,4-Dihydropyridine-type MAA-adducted LDL has been implicated in atherosclerosis. Here, we have demonstrated that pure MAA-modified residues can be chemically conjugated to large proteins without by-product contamination. Using this pure antigen, we established a purified MAA-ELISA, with which a marked increase in anti-MAA antibody titer was determined at a very early stage of atherosclerosis in 3-month ApoE-/- mice fed with a normal diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222165/stress-increases-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-onset-in-women-a-12-year-longitudinal-study-using-causal-modelling
#8
Melissa L Harris, Christopher Oldmeadow, Alexis Hure, Judy Luu, Deborah Loxton, John Attia
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Modifiable risk factors have been found to contribute up to 60% of type 2 diabetes risk. However, type 2 diabetes continues to rise despite implementation of interventions based on traditional risk factors. There is a clear need to identify additional risk factors for chronic disease prevention. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived stress and type 2 diabetes onset, and partition the estimates into direct and indirect effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222147/the-desert-gerbil-psammomys-obesus-as-a-model-for-metformin-sensitive-nutritional-type-2-diabetes-to-protect-hepatocellular-metabolic-damage-impact-of-mitochondrial-redox-state
#9
Inès Gouaref, Dominique Detaille, Nicolas Wiernsperger, Naim Akhtar Khan, Xavier Leverve, Elhadj-Ahmed Koceir
INTRODUCTION: While metformin (MET) is the most widely prescribed antidiabetic drug worldwide, its beneficial effects in Psammomys obesus (P. obesus), a rodent model that mimics most of the metabolic features of human diabetes, have not been explored thoroughly. Here, we sought to investigate whether MET might improve insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, lipid profile as well as cellular redox and energy balance in P. obesus maintained on a high energy diet (HED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222117/two-dynamic-regimes-in-the-human-gut-microbiome
#10
Sean M Gibbons, Sean M Kearney, Chris S Smillie, Eric J Alm
The gut microbiome is a dynamic system that changes with host development, health, behavior, diet, and microbe-microbe interactions. Prior work on gut microbial time series has largely focused on autoregressive models (e.g. Lotka-Volterra). However, we show that most of the variance in microbial time series is non-autoregressive. In addition, we show how community state-clustering is flawed when it comes to characterizing within-host dynamics and that more continuous methods are required. Most organisms exhibited stable, mean-reverting behavior suggestive of fixed carrying capacities and abundant taxa were largely shared across individuals...
February 21, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222034/three-cases-of-gordon-syndrome-with-dominant-klhl3-mutations
#11
Ji Soo Park, Eujin Park, Hye Sun Hyun, Yo Han Ahn, Hee Gyung Kang, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong
BACKGROUND: Gordon syndrome (GS) is a rare form of monogenic hypertension characterized by low renin hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and normal glomerular filtration rate. To date, four genes causing GS have been identified as: WNK1, WNK4, CUL3, and KLHL3. CASE REPORT: We report three cases of GS in two families. All patients presented with typical clinical features of GS and had a known dominant KLHL3 mutation. Oral thiazide treatment with low salt diet resulted in normalization of blood pressure and serum electrolytes in all three cases...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221926/evaluation-of-selected-nutrients-and-contaminants-in-distillers-grains-from-ethanol-production-in-texas
#12
Kyung-Min Lee, Timothy J Herrman, Lynn Post
This article contains the results of the evaluation of distillers grain (DG) coproducts from different ethanol plants around the United States and supplemented in animal diets in Texas, based on samples analyzed from 2008 to 2014. The samples were assessed for concentration, occurrence, and prevalence of selected nutrients and contaminants. Protein and sulfur contents of DG were largely different between maize and sorghum coproducts, as well as wet distillers grain with solubles (WDGS) and dried distillers grain with solubles (DDGS), indicating a significant effect of grain feedstock and dry grind process stream on DG composition and quality...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221821/enhanced-neural-activation-with-blueberry-supplementation-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Erin L Boespflug, James C Eliassen, Jonathan A Dudley, Marcelle D Shidler, Wilhelmina Kalt, Suzanne S Summer, Amanda L Stein, Amanda N Stover, Robert Krikorian
OBJECTIVES: Preclinical studies have shown that blueberry supplementation can improve cognitive performance and neural function in aged animals and have identified associations between anthocyanins and such benefits. Preliminary human trials also suggest cognitive improvement in older adults, although direct evidence of enhancement of brain function has not been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated the effect of blueberry supplementation on regional brain activation in older adults at risk for dementia...
February 21, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221372/neglecting-legumes-has-compromised-human-health-and-sustainable-food-production
#14
Christine H Foyer, Hon-Ming Lam, Henry T Nguyen, Kadambot H M Siddique, Rajeev K Varshney, Timothy D Colmer, Wallace Cowling, Helen Bramley, Trevor A Mori, Jonathan M Hodgson, James W Cooper, Anthony J Miller, Karl Kunert, Juan Vorster, Christopher Cullis, Jocelyn A Ozga, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yan Liang, Huixia Shou, Kai Shi, Jingquan Yu, Nandor Fodor, Brent N Kaiser, Fuk-Ling Wong, Babu Valliyodan, Michael J Considine
The United Nations declared 2016 as the International Year of Pulses (grain legumes) under the banner 'nutritious seeds for a sustainable future'. A second green revolution is required to ensure food and nutritional security in the face of global climate change. Grain legumes provide an unparalleled solution to this problem because of their inherent capacity for symbiotic atmospheric nitrogen fixation, which provides economically sustainable advantages for farming. In addition, a legume-rich diet has health benefits for humans and livestock alike...
August 2, 2016: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221215/experiences-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-of-participating-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-study-while-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#15
Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Anne J Antonsen, Sveinung Berntsen, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are suggested to reduce the symptom burden and comorbidities in patients with breast cancer and as an empowerment tool. However, undergoing chemotherapy is associated with low compliance to lifestyle recommendations. Importantly, few studies have documented the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in a comprehensive lifestyle intervention study while undergoing curative chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in an individualized comprehensive lifestyle intervention study focusing on diet, physical activity, mental stress management, and smoking cessation while undergoing curative chemotherapy...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221145/-diet-in-the-lithiasic-patient-a-practical-guide
#16
Montserrat Arzoz Fàbregas, Luis Ibarz-Servio, Roger Freixa Sala, Anna Colomer Gallardo, Mario Alves Oliveira
The incidence and prevalence of lithiasic disease in developed countries has increased over the last years. Being diet one of the risk factors for urolithiasis, and having it evolved in conjunction with lifestyle over the last decades, such changes could explain the increase in lithiasis case-load. In this article, we analyze how the exercise of the urologist has been regarding the preventive role of diet in the lithiasis patient, what are the scientific evidences on the relationship of diet and lithiasis, and, on this base, what general dietetic recommendations we can give currently to our patients...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221079/cue-induced-food-seeking-after-punishment-is-associated-with-increased-fos-expression-in-the-lateral-hypothalamus-and-basolateral-and-medial-amygdala
#17
Erin J Campbell, David J Barker, Helen M Nasser, Konstantin Kaganovsky, Christopher V Dayas, Nathan J Marchant
In humans, relapse to unhealthy eating habits following dieting is a significant impediment to obesity treatment. Food-associated cues are one of the main triggers of relapse to unhealthy eating during self-imposed abstinence. Here we report a behavioral method examining cue-induced relapse to food seeking following punishment-induced suppression of food taking. We trained male rats to lever press for food pellets that were delivered after a 10-s conditional stimulus (CS) (appetitive). Following training, 25% of reinforced lever presses resulted in the presentation of a compound stimulus consisting of a novel CS (aversive) and the appetitive CS followed by a pellet and footshock...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220633/fatty-acid-composition-fat-deposition-lipogenic-gene-expression-and-performance-of-broiler-fed-diet-supplemented-with-different-sources-of-oil
#18
Jannatara Khatun, Teck Chwen Loh, Henny Akit, Hooi Ling Foo, Rosfarizan Mohamad
The present study assessed the effect of feeding palm oil (PO), sunflower oil (SO) and their combination on performance, fat deposition, fatty acid composition and lipogenic gene expression of broilers reared for 42 days. A total of 144 1-day-old broilers (Cobb500) were randomly allotted into four treatment diets with each having six replicates of six chicks in each replicate following a completely randomized design. Live weight gain and feed efficiency was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in birds fed with a combination of oil sources compared to controls...
February 21, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220604/a-mobile-health-intervention-promoting-healthy-gestational-weight-gain-for-women-entering-pregnancy-at-a-high-body-mass-index-the-txt4two-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
J C Willcox, S A Wilkinson, M Lappas, K Ball, D Crawford, E A McCarthy, B Fjeldsoe, R Whittaker, R Maddison, K J Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth intervention promoting healthy diet, physical activity and gestational weight gain in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Australian tertiary obstetric hospital. POPULATION: One hundred pregnant women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. METHODS: Women recruited at the first antenatal clinic visit were randomised to either an intervention or a control group...
February 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220554/changes-in-stable-isotope-ratios-in-pdo-cheese-related-to-the-area-of-production-and-green-forage-availability-the-case-study-of-pecorino-siciliano
#20
Bernardo Valenti, Luisa Biondi, Luca Campidonico, Luana Bontempo, Giuseppe Luciano, Fortunato Di Paola, Venera Copani, Luca Ziller, Federica Camin
RATIONALE: No study has investigated the variations of stable isotope ratios (SIRs) of bioelements within a Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) cheese and few studies have focused on the dietary background of animals. For traceability purposes, it is important to know how and whether these issues affect SIRs in a PDO cheese. METHODS: Thirty-six Pecorino Siciliano cheese samples were collected in three east-Sicilian areas in seasons in which green herbage was present or absent in an animal's diet...
February 20, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
keyword
keyword
4147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"