keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822319/idesia-polycarpa-salicaceae-leaf-constituents-and-their-toxic-effect-on-cerura-vinula-and-lymantria-dispar-lepidoptera-larvae
#1
Felix Feistel, Christian Paetz, Sybille Lorenz, Franziska Beran, Grit Kunert, Bernd Schneider
Phytochemical investigation of Idesia polycarpa (Salicaceae) resulted in the structure elucidation of nine previously undescribed phenolic natural products along with six known compounds. The compounds are structurally related to salicinoids that are known defense compounds from Salix and Populus species. The I. polycarpa diet was toxic, as shown in feeding experiments with larvae of Lymantria dispar, an herbivorous broadleaf tree generalist insect, and with larvae of Cerura vinula, a specialist adapted to poplar...
August 16, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822083/alfalfa-derived-hsp70-administered-intranasally-improves-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#2
Michael Tytell, Ashley T Davis, Jareca Giles, Lauren C Snider, Ruoyu Xiao, Stephen G Dozier, Tennille D Presley, Kylie Kavanagh
Heat shock protein (HSP) 70 is an abundant cytosolic chaperone protein that is deficient in insulin-sensitive tissues in diabetes and unhealthy aging, and is considered a longevity target. It is also protective in neurological disease models. Using HSP70 purified from alfalfa and administered as an intranasal solution, we tested in whether the administration of Hsp70 to diet-induced diabetic mice would improve insulin sensitivity. Both the 10 and 40 μg given three times per week for 26 days significantly improved the response to insulin...
August 18, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#3
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821781/expressional-divergence-of-the-fatty-acid-amino-acid-conjugate-hydrolyzing-aminoacylase-1-l-acy-1-in-helicoverpa-armigera-and-helicoverpa-assulta
#4
Qian Cheng, Shaohua Gu, Zewen Liu, Chen-Zhu Wang, Xianchun Li
How FACs-producing generalist and specialist herbivores regulate their FACs-hydrolyzing enzyme L-ACY-1 to balance FACs' beneficial vs. detrimental effects remains unknown. To address this question, we compared L-ACY-1 expression in Helicoverpa armigera and Helicoverpa assulta, a pair of closely related sibling species differing mainly in their host range, by the same sets of hostplants, protein to digestible carbohydrate (P:C) ratios, or allelochemical. L-ACY-1 expression remained low/unchanged in H. armigera, but was induced by hot pepper fruits and repressed by cotton bolls in H...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821741/predicting-the-murine-enterocyte-metabolic-response-to-diets-that-differ-in-lipid-and-carbohydrate-composition
#5
Neeraj Sinha, Maria Suarez-Diez, Evert M van Schothorst, Jaap Keijer, Vitor A P Martins Dos Santos, Guido J E J Hooiveld
The small intestine serves as gatekeeper at the interface between body and diet and is thought to play an important role in the etiology of obesity and associated metabolic disorders. A computational modelling approach was used to improve our understanding of the metabolic responses of epithelial cells to different diets. A constraint based, mouse-specific enterocyte metabolic model (named mmu_ENT717) was constructed to describe the impact of four fully characterized semi-purified diets, that differed in lipid and carbohydrate composition, on uptake, metabolism, as well as secretion of carbohydrates and lipids...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821567/chronic-spinal-cord-changes-in-a-high-fat-diet-fed-male-rat-model-of-thoracic-spinal-contusion
#6
Redin A Spann, William J Lawson, Raymond J Grill, Michael R Garrett, Bernadette E Grayson
Individuals that suffer injury to the spinal cord can result in long-term, debilitating sequelae. Spinal cord injured patients have increased risk for the development of metabolic disease which can further hinder the effectiveness of treatments to rehabilitate the cord and improve quality of life. In the present study, we sought to understand the impact of high-fat diet induced obesity on spinal cord injury (SCI) by examining transcriptome changes in the area of the injury and rostral and caudal to site of damage 12 weeks after injury...
August 18, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821551/coordinated-regulation-of-the-eii-man-and-frurki-operons-of-streptococcus-mutans-by-global-and-fructose-specific-pathways
#7
Lin Zeng, Brinta Chakraborty, Tanaz Farivar, Robert A Burne
The glucose/mannose-PTS permease EII(Man) encoded by manLMN in the dental caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans has a dominant influence on sugar-specific, CcpA-independent catabolite repression (CR). Mutations in manL affect energy metabolism and virulence-associated traits, including biofilm formation, acid tolerance and competence. Using promoter:reporter fusions, expression of the manLMN and the fruRKI operons, encoding a transcriptional regulator, a fructose-1-P kinase and a fructose-PTS permease EII(Fru), respectively, was monitored in response to carbohydrate source and in mutants lacking CcpA, FruR, and components of EII(Man) Expression of genes for EII(Man) and EII(Fru) was directly regulated by CcpA and CR, as evinced by in vivo and in vitro methods...
August 18, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#8
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821446/diet-induced-obesity-alters-memory-consolidation-in-female-rats
#9
P Zanini, B D Arbo, G Niches, D Czarnabay, F Benetti, M F Ribeiro, A L Cecconello
Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, which is caused by an energy imbalance between consumed and expended calories. Obesity leads to an inflammatory response that may result in peripheral and central metabolic changes, including insulin and leptin resistance. Insulin and leptin resistance have been associated with metabolic and cognitive dysfunctions. Obesity and some neurodegenerative diseases that lead to dementia affect mainly women. However, the effects of diet-induced obesity on memory consolidation in female rats are poorly understood...
August 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821445/effects-of-the-prebiotic-mannan-oligosaccharide-on-the-stress-response-of-feed-deprived-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#10
Mohammad Navid Forsatkar, Mohammad Ali Nematollahi, Gholamreza Rafiee, Hamid Farahmand, Christian Lawrence
Feed deprivation has deleterious effects on fish behavior and stress physiology which may susceptible them to disease outbreak. Functional ingredients in diets may substantially impact the physiology and stress responses of host organisms. Here, we hypothesized that the administration of a dietary prebiotic might attenuate the negative influences of feed deprivation on the behavioral profile of anxiety and physiological responses to stress in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Fish were fed with either basal or mannan-oligosaccharide supplemented (0...
August 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821417/single-species-versus-dual-species-probiotic-supplementation-as-an-emerging-therapeutic-strategy-for-obesity
#11
G Karimi, R Jamaluddin, N Mohtarrudin, Z Ahmad, H Khazaai, M Parvaneh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent studies have reported beneficial effects of specific probiotics on obesity. However, the difference in the anti-obesity effects of probiotics as single species and dual species is still uncertain. Therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy of single and dual species of bacteria on markers of obesity in high-fat diet-induced obese rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of five groups of varying diets as follows: standard diet, high fat diet (HFD), HFD supplemented with Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota, HFD supplemented with Bifidobacterium longum and HFD supplemented with a mixture of these two bacterial species...
July 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821178/oil-perception-detection-thresholds-for-varying-fatty-stimuli-and-inter-individual-differences
#12
Jaana M Heinze, Andrew Costanzo, Inga Baselier, Andreas Fritsche, Melanie Lidolt, Jörg Hinrichs, Sabine Frank-Podlech, Russell Keast
Multiple lines of research have demonstrated that humans can perceive fat in the form of free fatty acids (FFAs). However, the dietary concentration of FFAs is generally very low and fat is mainly consumed as triacylglycerol (TAG). The aim of this study was to examine the perception of different fatty stimuli and possible associations between them. Therefore, detection thresholds for 4 fatty stimuli (oleic acid [FFA], paraffin oil [mixture of hydrocarbon molecules], canola oil [TAG-rich], and canola oil spiked with oleic acid [rich in TAGs and FFAs]) were determined in 30 healthy participants...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820912/impact-of-novel-palmitoylated-prolactin-releasing-peptide-analogs-on-metabolic-changes-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#13
Veronika Pražienková, Martina Holubová, Helena Pelantová, Martina Bugáňová, Zdenko Pirník, Barbora Mikulášková, Andrea Popelová, Miroslava Blechová, Martin Haluzík, Blanka Železná, Marek Kuzma, Jaroslav Kuneš, Lenka Maletínská
Analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides, such as prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), have a potential as new anti-obesity drugs. In our previous study, palmitic acid attached to the N-terminus of PrRP enabled its central anorexigenic effects after peripheral administration. In this study, two linkers, γ-glutamic acid at Lys11 and a short, modified polyethylene glycol at the N-terminal Ser and/or Lys11, were applied for the palmitoylation of PrRP31 to improve its bioavailability. These analogs had a high affinity and activation ability to the PrRP receptor GPR10 and the neuropeptide FF2 receptor, as well as short-term anorexigenic effect similar to PrRP palmitoylated at the N-terminus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820737/when-one-disease-is-not-enough-succinyl-coa-3-oxoacid-coenzyme-a-transferase-scot-deficiency-due-to-a-novel-mutation-in-oxct1-in-an-infant-with-known-phenylketonuria
#14
Jan-Niclas Schwade, Matthias Endmann, Thomas Hofmann, Stephan Rust, Jörn Oliver Sass, Frank Rutsch
A 9-month-old Turkish girl was admitted several times within 3 months to the hospital in reduced general condition and with extreme tachypnea. The patient had been diagnosed with phenylketonuria (PKU) in newborn screening and has been treated with a low phenylalanine diet and amino acid supplements. Each time an unexplained pronounced metabolic acidosis was noted, and the child was treated with sodium-bicarbonate and glucose-electrolyte infusions. The acidosis with only slightly abnormal glucose, normal lactate levels and pronounced ketonuria suggested a defect in ketone body utilization...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820499/choline-supplementation-normalizes-fetal-adiposity-and-reduces-lipogenic-gene-expression-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-obesity
#15
Chauntelle Jack-Roberts, Yaelle Joselit, Khatia Nanobashvili, Rachel Bretter, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Anjana Saxena, Kathleen Axen, Ahmed Gomaa, Xinyin Jiang
Maternal obesity increases fetal adiposity which may adversely affect metabolic health of the offspring. Choline regulates lipid metabolism and thus may influence adiposity. This study investigates the effect of maternal choline supplementation on fetal adiposity in a mouse model of maternal obesity. C57BL/6J mice were fed either a high-fat (HF) diet or a control (NF) diet and received either 25 mM choline supplemented (CS) or control untreated (CO) drinking water for 6 weeks before timed-mating and throughout gestation...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820493/marine-lipids-on-cardiovascular-diseases-and-other-chronic-diseases-induced-by-diet-an-insight-provided-by-proteomics-and-lipidomics
#16
REVIEW
Lucía Méndez, Gabriel Dasilva, Nùria Taltavull, Marta Romeu, Isabel Medina
Marine lipids, especially ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have largely been linked to prevention of diet-induced diseases. The anti-inflammatory and hypolipidemic properties of EPA and DHA supplementation have been well-described. However, there is still a significant lack of information about their particular mechanism of action. Furthermore, repeated meta-analyses have not shown conclusive results in support of their beneficial health effects...
August 18, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820473/effect-of-pullulan-coating-on-postharvest-quality-and-shelf-life-of-highbush-blueberry-vaccinium-corymbosum-l
#17
Karolina Kraśniewska, Iwona Ścibisz, Małgorzata Gniewosz, Marta Mitek, Katarzyna Pobiega, Andrzej Cendrowski
Fruits form an important part of a healthy human diet as they contain many ingredients with proven pro-health effects such as vitamins, phenolic compounds, organic acids, fiber, and minerals. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of pullulan coating on the quality and shelf life of highbush blueberry during storage. General appearance, weight loss, dry matter, soluble solid content, reducing sugars, content of L-ascorbic acid, phenolic compounds (total phenolics, phenolics acids and anthocyanins) were determined in uncoated and coated blueberries fruits...
August 18, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820455/beverage-intake-among-children-associations-with-parent-and-home-related-factors
#18
Arwa Zahid, Cynthia Davey, Marla Reicks
Beverage intake can influence child diet quality in a positive or negative manner depending on the beverage type and amounts consumed. Parenting practices such as role modeling and control of home beverage availability have been associated with child beverage intake, whereas examination of the influence of parental beverage nutrition knowledge has been more limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sugar-sweetened and dairy beverage intake among children (9-12 years) and home and parental factors...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820447/comprehensive-study-of-multiple-stages-progressing-to-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-with-subsequent-fibrosis-in-sd-rats
#19
Lulu Wang, Susu Wu, Minxuan Cai, Ji Ma, Shengcun Li, Maoru Li, Yan Xu, Lixin Wei, Jing Shang
Because of the absence of the time course of histological nonalcoholic fatty hepatitis with subsequent fibrotic progression, the effective approaches available for controlling the onset and progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remain limited. Therefore, we detected the serum and liver tissue related lipid metabolism disorder, liver pathology and relative molecular makers alteration dynamically in a high fat-sucrose diet during different time points. High fat-sucrose diet significantly increased the serum lipid level on day 10...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#20
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
4147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"