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Military psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816610/forward-psychiatry%C3%A2-%C3%A2-early-intervention-for-mental-health-problems-among-uk-armed-forces-in-afghanistan
#1
N Jones, N T Fear, S Wessely, G Thandi, N Greenberg
BACKGROUND: This observational study examined return to duty (RTD) rates following receipt of early mental health interventions delivered by deployed mental health practitioners. METHOD: In-depth clinical interviews were conducted among 975 UK military personnel referred for mental health assessment whilst deployed in Afghanistan. Socio-demographic, military, operational, clinical and therapy outcomes were recorded in an electronic health record database. Rates and predictors of EVAC were the main outcomes examined using adjusted binary logistic regression analyses...
November 3, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629689/satisfaction-with-civilian-family-medicine-residency-training-perspectives-from-serving-general-duty-medical-officers-in-the-canadian-armed-forces
#2
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510708/a-war-psychiatry-approach-to-warfare-in-the-middle-byzantine-period
#3
Pavlos Ntafoulis
Combat stress cases were traced in historical texts and military manuals on warfare from the Middle Byzantine period; they were mainly labelled as cowardice. Soldiers suffered from nostalgia or exhaustion; officers looked stunned, or could not speak during the battle. Cruel punishments were often enforced. Suicide and alcohol abuse were rarely mentioned. The Byzantines' evacuation system for battle casualties was well organized. Psychological operations were conducted and prisoners-of-war were usually part of them...
August 10, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324417/trauma-and-the-state-with-sigmund-freud-as-witness
#4
Elizabeth Ann Danto
Just before and after the end of World War I, Sigmund Freud took on an activist role and in his writings and speeches, redirected the concept of war trauma from individual failure to a larger issue of community responsibility. Testifying in Vienna as an expert witness for the state, Freud said that the military psychiatrists-not the soldiers-had "acted like machine guns behind the front" and were the "immediate cause of all war neurosis." Freud was called on by the legal community when Julius Wagner-Jauregg, a future Nobel Prize winner (and also future Nazi Party adherent), head of the municipal Clinic for Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases, was accused of the lethal use of electrotherapy on shell-shocked soldiers...
June 17, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035830/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-french-armed-forces-members-in-afghanistan-a-new-approach
#5
Frédéric Paul, Catherine Marimoutou, Vincent Pommier de Santi, Patrick Clervoy
During the 20th century, the management of war-related psychological trauma shifted from neurology to psychiatry. After September 11, 2001, the French forces participated in a multinational force deployed in Afghanistan to fight against terrorism. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) became a priority. We report the daily work of the psychiatrists involved in this mission and the organization developed to psychologically support wounded military personnel. The doctrine of early intervention psychiatrization and the technique of collective debriefing are the key points of this procedure...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786704/psychiatry-clerkships-in-active-duty-military-installations-a-medical-student-experience
#6
LETTER
Aidan McCroskey, J Edwin Nieves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26552941/transformation-of-mental-health-care-for-u-s-soldiers-and-families-during-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars-where-science-and-politics-intersect
#7
REVIEW
Charles W Hoge, Christopher G Ivany, Edward A Brusher, Millard D Brown, John C Shero, Amy B Adler, Christopher H Warner, David T Orman
The cumulative strain of 14 years of war on service members, veterans, and their families, together with continuing global threats and the unique stresses of military service, are likely to be felt for years to come. Scientific as well as political factors have influenced how the military has addressed the mental health needs resulting from these wars. Two important differences between mental health care delivered during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars and previous wars are the degree to which research has directly informed care and the consolidated management of services...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26454923/-prospects-of-it-usage-in-the-field-of-military-psychiatry
#8
K E Kuvshinov, D V Trishkin, A Yu Goncharenko, V K Shamrei, D N Borisov, A V Lobachev
Development of effective information support for monitoring of internal health, based on the principles of complex diagnostics, provides the necessary tools objektive evaluation and prediction of mental health in servicemen. Effectiveness of psychiatric prophylaxys technologies depends on compliance with a number of fundamental principles, the main of which should be considered as a multidimensional assessment of mental health in servicemen and real cooperation of different specialists (commanders, specialists of medical and psychological service) for its implementation...
March 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26171982/development-of-a-blood-based-molecular-biomarker-test-for-identification-of-schizophrenia-before-disease-onset
#9
M K Chan, M-O Krebs, D Cox, P C Guest, R H Yolken, H Rahmoune, M Rothermundt, J Steiner, F M Leweke, N J M van Beveren, D W Niebuhr, N S Weber, D N Cowan, P Suarez-Pinilla, B Crespo-Facorro, C Mam-Lam-Fook, J Bourgin, R J Wenstrup, R R Kaldate, J D Cooper, S Bahn
Recent research efforts have progressively shifted towards preventative psychiatry and prognostic identification of individuals before disease onset. We describe the development of a serum biomarker test for the identification of individuals at risk of developing schizophrenia based on multiplex immunoassay profiling analysis of 957 serum samples. First, we conducted a meta-analysis of five independent cohorts of 127 first-onset drug-naive schizophrenia patients and 204 controls. Using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression, we identified an optimal panel of 26 biomarkers that best discriminated patients and controls...
2015: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26144077/-psychiatry-in-exceptional-situations-the-crash-of-flight-ah5017-in-mali
#10
Charles Gheorghiev
The practice of the military psychiatrist comprises different perspectives, including a characteristic operational dimension. The unexpected is frequent in overseas missions, as illustrated by the crash of the Air Algeria flight in July 2014 in Mali and the deployment of French forces in the management of this disaster. This article reports on the medical-psychological intervention carried out in this context.
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26144076/-military-psychiatry-in-a-theatre-of-operations-on-mission-in-mali
#11
Marie-Dominique Colas
The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of « forward psychiatry » has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel...
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26144075/-psychological-impact-on-french-soldiers-in-the-central-african-republic
#12
Erwan Le Pape, Franck de Montleau
The many constraints and psychologically demanding situations to which French soldiers are subjected (living conditions, operational pace, scenes of exaction, hostile crowds, combat situations) have justified a psychiatrist being posted to the theatre of operation Sangaris, in the Central African Republic, soon after the military intervention began. While the psychiatrist's activity is typical of psychiatry in operational situations, the configuration of the conflict-a civil war-and its impact on the psyche of the soldiers making up the task force have resulted in these practices being adapted and acknowledgement of the need to update skills...
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26059738/pathways-to-a-career-in-military-psychiatry
#13
Carroll J Diebold, Stephanie L Leong, Steve Zuchowski, Richard T Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26024330/relationships-between-polypharmacy-and-the-sleep-cycle-among-active-duty-service-members
#14
R Gregory Lande, Cynthia Gragnani
CONTEXT: Sleep disorders are frequent clinical presentations, especially among active-duty service members. Medications are one factor that can affect sleep in many ways. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of increasing numbers of medications on the sleep cycle of active-duty service members. METHODS: Medical records for active-duty service members who completed enhanced sleep assessments at the Psychiatry Continuity Service at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center from October 1, 2010, through November 30, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed...
June 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25975169/-psychiatry-in-exceptional-situations-the-crash-of-flight-ah5017-in-mali
#15
Charles Gheorghiev
The practice of the military psychiatrist comprises different perspectives, including a characteristic operational dimension. The unexpected is frequent in overseas missions, as illustrated by the crash of the Air Algeria flight in July 2014 in Mali and the deployment of French forces in the management of this disaster.This article reports on the medical-psychological intervention carried out in this context.
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25975168/-military-psychiatry-in-a-theatre-of-operations-on-mission-in-mali
#16
Marie-Dominique Colas
The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel...
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25975167/-psychological-impact-on-french-soldiers-in-the-central-african-republic
#17
Erwan Le Pape, Franck de Montleau
The many constraints and psychologically demanding situations to which French soldiers are subjected (living conditions, operational pace, scenes of exaction, hostile crowds, combat situations) have justified a psychiatrist being posted to the theatre of operation Sangaris, in the Central African Republic, soon after the military intervention began. While the psychiatrist's activity is typical of psychiatry in operational situations,.the configuration of the conflict- a civil war - and its impact on the psyche of the soldiers making up the task force have resulted in these practices being adapted and acknowledgement of the need to update skills...
March 2015: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971824/association-of-hla-dr-dq-polymorphisms-with-schizophrenia-in-tunisian-patients
#18
Aicha Sayeh, Cheker Ben Cheikh, Meriem Mrad, Najwa Lakhal, Nasreddine Gritli, Slaheddine Galelli, Abdelaziz Oumaya, Najiba Fekih-Mrissa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis that human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) confer susceptibility to schizophrenic disorders has been tested by studying linkage and association in family samples. Our goal was to evaluate the role of HLA in the risk of developing schizophrenia in a Tunisian population. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Blood samples for this case-control study were collected from patients of the Department of Psychiatry at the Military Hospital of Tunisia between July 2012 and May 2013...
November 2014: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25882342/brain-computer-interface-technology-usability-and-applications-in-psychiatry
#19
R Gregory Lande, Miriam Pourzand
BACKGROUND: Commercially available electroencephalogram devices suitable for brain computer interface research are now widely available for neurofeedback applications. OBJECTIVE: The authors of this study were interested in exploring the usability and acceptance of a commercially available electroencephalogram as a first step in introducing the technology, assessing patient receptivity, and acquiring preliminary clinical outcome data. METHODS: The study was conducted among active duty military service members referred for psychiatric treatment to the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center's Psychiatry Continuity Service in Bethesda, MD...
April 16, 2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25804354/us-military-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-training-programs-and-careers-of-military-child-psychiatrists
#20
Christina G Weston, Joseph G Dougherty, Suzie C Nelson, Matthew J Baker, Jennifer C Chow
Military child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) fellowship programs offer educational experiences universal to all civilian training programs in the USA. They also offer unique training opportunities not found in civilian CAP fellowships in order to prepare graduates to serve the needs of military families. Military-specific curricula and exposures prepare trainees to address various issues faced by military families, in contending with frequent military moves, parental deployments, and disrupted social ties...
August 2015: Academic Psychiatry
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