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Antisocial personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890451/does-the-course-of-manic-symptoms-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-impact-the-course-of-conduct-disorder-findings-from-four-prospective-datasets
#1
Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, K Yvonne Woodworth, Amy Yule, Elizabeth Noyes, Itai Biederman, Stephen V Faraone, Timothy Wilens, Janet Wozniak
BACKGROUND: To assess whether the course of pediatric bipolar-I (BP-I) disorder impacts the course of conduct disorder (CD)/antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). We hypothesized that remission of manic symptoms in BP-I youth will be associated with remission of CD/ASPD. METHODS: We used data from four longitudinal datasets of carefully characterized and comprehensively assessed youth with structured diagnostic interview based diagnoses of BP-I disorder and CD/ASPD assessed at baseline in childhood and at follow-up onto adolescent years...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873863/positive-expectancies-mediate-the-association-between-sensation-seeking-and-marijuana-outcomes-in-at-risk-young-adults-a-test-of-the-acquired-preparedness-model
#2
Inga Curry, Ryan S Trim, Sandra A Brown, Christian J Hopfer, Michael C Stallings, Tamara L Wall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The acquired preparedness model (APM) integrates personality trait research and psychosocial learning, which are theorized to ultimately increase risk for problematic substance use outcomes. METHODS: The present study uses the APM to examine the potential mediational role of positive and negative expectancies on the relationship between impulsivity and two marijuana outcomes (ie, frequency of use and marijuana use disorder [MUD] symptom count) among an at-risk sample of young adults with history of antisocial behavior and substance use in adolescence and their siblings (n = 312)...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873521/implications-for-the-measurement-of-psychopathy-in-the-dsm-5-using-the-computerized-adaptive-test-of-personality-disorder
#3
Nicholas Kavish, Martin Sellbom, Jaime L Anderson
This study investigated the ability of the Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder (CAT-PD) model to capture psychopathy in a sample consisting of U.S. (n = 565) and Australian (n = 99) undergraduates and a U.S. community sample (n = 210). More specifically, this study examined (a) the association between CAT-PD facets, particularly those consistent with DSM-5 Section III antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and measures of psychopathy, (b) the extent to which CAT-PD ASPD traits improve on DSM-5 Section II ASPD in measuring psychopathy, and (c) the utility of measuring functional impairment in additional to dimensional traits in assessing psychopathy...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870955/emotion-dysregulation-impulsivity-and-personality-disorder-traits-a-community-sample-study
#4
Carlo Garofalo, Patrizia Velotti, Antonino Callea, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Francesca Cavallo, Giancarlo Dimaggio
The present study was designed to test an emotion regulation framework to understand individual differences in personality disorder (PD) traits in a non-clinical sample. Specifically, we tested whether: selected dimensions of emotion dysregulation were differentially related to PD traits; and whether emotion dysregulation and impulsivity had independent associations with PD traits. A community sample of 399 individuals (mean age = 37.91; 56.6% males) completed self-report measures of PDs, emotion dysregulation and impulsivity...
May 28, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845445/multidimensional-patterns-of-sexual-risk-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-men-with-substance-use-disorders
#5
Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, María Elena Medina-Mora, Corina Benjet, Silvia Ruiz-Velasco, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
Previous evidence links substance use disorders (SUD) to STI/HIV risk and suggests that comorbid psychiatric disorders increase the probability to engage in sexual risk behaviors. This study had two aims: (1) to identify subgroups based on sexual risk behavior using a person-centered approach in a sample of substance users and (2) to measure the association of psychiatric and SUD with subgroup membership. We assessed 402 male adults with SUD, reporting sexual intercourse in the previous 12 months using the HIV-Risk Behavior Scale and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
May 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843661/high-prevalence-rates-for-multiple-psychiatric-conditions-among-inmates-at-french-guiana-s-correctional-facility-diagnostic-and-demographic-factors-associated-with-violent-offending-and-previous-incarceration
#6
Mathieu Nacher, Gulen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Florence Huber, Agathe Pastre, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Vincent About
BACKGROUND: French Guiana has the highest incarceration rate among French territories, it is higher than that of Brazil, Colombia or Venezuela. It is well known that mental health problems are over-represented in correctional facilities. Our objectives were to describe the prevalence of various psychiatric conditions and to study factors associated with violence and repeated offenses among arriving detainees at the sole correctional facility of French Guiana. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional...
May 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788699/psychiatric-disorders-and-recidivism-among-korean-adolescents-on-probation-or-parole
#7
Yooli Lim, Eun-Jin Park, Bongseog Kim
Objective: The percentage of repeat offenders is increasing among juvenile offenders in Korea. The assessment and treatment of the mental health of young offenders may play an important role in reducing the recidivism rate of adolescents. This study examined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescents on probation or parole and the risk of recidivism associated with specific psychiatric disorders. Methods: We studied 120 adolescents on probation. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Conners' Rating Scale-Revised were used to diagnose psychiatric disorders...
May 24, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783916/unraveling-the-personality-profile-of-the-sexual-murderer
#8
Eric Beauregard, Matt DeLisi
Although sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) evince personality disorders, few prior studies have examined all personality disorders or utilized control groups of offenders. Drawing on data from 616 adult male sex offenders including 85 who were SHOs, the current study examined the personality profile of the SHOs, by comparing them with a group of violent nonhomicidal sex offenders (VNHSOs) and a group of nonhomicidal sex offenders (NHSOs) on clinical diagnostics of personality disorders and various crime characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776731/comorbidity-in-illness-induced-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-versus-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-external-events-in-a-nationally-representative-study
#9
Jordana L Sommer, Natalie Mota, Donald Edmondson, Renée El-Gabalawy
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared physical and mental health characteristics and quality of life of illness-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus those with PTSD due to external traumatic events in a population-based sample. METHOD: PTSD was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS-5) using DSM-5 criteria in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Participants with past-year PTSD (n = 1779) were categorized into two groups: illness-induced (6...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772307/family-environment-interacts-with-crhr1-rs17689918-to-predict-mental-health-and-behavioral-outcomes
#10
Arunima Roy, Kariina Laas, Triin Kurrikoff, Andreas Reif, Toomas Veidebaum, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-1 gene (CRHR1) variants have been implicated in mental health. However, little is known of the effects of CRHR1 on long-term mental health and behavior in presence of environmental stressors. We assess the effects of CRHR1 variant (rs17689918)-by-environment interactions on emotionality and behavioral traits, including anxiety, depression, aggression and antisocial behaviors. We also determine effects of rs17689918-by-environment-by-sex interactions on the above-mentioned outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754711/changes-in-resting-eeg-in-colombian-ex-combatants-ith-antisocial-personality-disorder
#11
Claudia Ramos, Jon Duque-Grajales, Jorge Rendón, Alejandro Montoya-Betancur, Ana Baena, David Pineda, Carlos Tobón
INTRODUCTION: Although the social and economic consequences of Colombian internal conflicts mainly affected the civilian population, they also had other implications. The ex-combatants, the other side of the conflict, have been the subject of many studies that question their personality structures and antisocial features. Results suggest that ex-combatants usually have characteristics of an antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) that is related with their behaviour. METHODS: Quantitative EEG (qEEG) was used to evaluate differences in cortical activity patterns between an ex-combatants group and a control group...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746646/corticostriatal-connectivity-in-antisocial-personality-disorder-by-mao-a-genotype-and-its-relationship-to-aggressive-behavior
#12
Nathan J Kolla, Katharine Dunlop, Jeffrey H Meyer, Jonathan Downar
Background: The influence of genetic variation on resting-state neural networks represents a burgeoning line of inquiry in psychiatric research. Monoamine oxidase A, an X-linked gene, is one example of a molecular target linked to brain activity in psychiatric illness. Monoamine oxidase A genetic variants, including the high and low variable nucleotide tandem repeat polymorphisms, have been shown to differentially affect brain functional connectivity in healthy humans. However, it is currently unknown whether these same polymorphisms influence resting-state brain activity in clinical conditions...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713294/characteristics-and-pathways-of-long-stay-patients-in-high-and-medium-secure-settings-in-england-a-secondary-publication-from-a-large-mixed-methods-study
#13
Birgit A Völlm, Rachel Edworthy, Nick Huband, Emily Talbot, Shazmin Majid, Jessica Holley, Vivek Furtado, Tim Weaver, Ruth McDonald, Conor Duggan
Background: Many patients experience extended stays within forensic care, but the characteristics of long-stay patients are poorly understood. Aims: To describe the characteristics of long-stay patients in high and medium secure settings in England. Method: Detailed file reviews provided clinical, offending and risk data for a large representative sample of 401 forensic patients from 2 of the 3 high secure settings and from 23 of the 57 medium secure settings in England on 1 April 2013. The threshold for long-stay status was defined as 5 years in medium secure care or 10 years in high secure care, or 15 years in a combination of high and medium secure settings...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697994/affective-traits-of-psychopathy-are-linked-to-white-matter-abnormalities-in-impulsive-male-offenders
#14
Anouk Vermeij, Maaike M Kempes, Maaike J Cima, Rogier B Mars, Inti A Brazil
OBJECTIVE: Psychopathy is a personality disorder typified by lack of empathy and impulsive antisocial behavior. Psychopathic traits may partly relate to disrupted connections between brain regions. The aim of the present study was to link abnormalities in microstructural integrity of white-matter tracts to the severity of different psychopathic traits in 15 male offenders with impulse control problems and 10 without impulse control problems. METHOD: Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-revised (PCL-R)...
April 26, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676160/movies-in-mind-we-need-to-talk-about-kevin-is-an-antisocial-personality-disorder-born-or-made
#15
Zargham Abbass, Sumit Anand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#16
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#17
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#18
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611335/the-prevalence-of-comorbid-alcohol-use-disorder-in-the-presence-of-personality-disorder-systematic-review-and-explanatory-modelling
#19
Nikki Guy, Giles Newton-Howes, Hannah Ford, Jonathan Williman, James Foulds
Comorbid personality disorder (PD) worsens outcome in mental state disorders; however, the proportion of people with PD who have an alcohol use disorder (AUD) is poorly described. A systematic review of the literature for studies reporting on AUD in those with PD was completed. Lifetime prevalence figures were meta-analysed using multilevel models, accounting for type of PD and population examined. Sixteen unique studies contributed data to the analysis. PD type accounted for most of the heterogeneity in lifetime AUD prevalence...
April 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609984/evaluating-the-role-of-functional-impairment-in-personality-psychopathology
#20
Jennifer K Boland, Tatjana Damnjanovic, Jaime L Anderson
DSM-5's Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorder (AMPD) model states that an individual must show impairment in self and interpersonal functioning for PD diagnosis. The current study investigated dimensional personality trait associations with impairment, including differential patterns of impairment across specific PDs, and whether traits have improved our assessment of functional impairment in PDs. Two-hundred and seventy-seven participants were administered measures of Antisocial PD, Avoidant PD, Borderline PD, Narcissistic PD, Obsessive-Compulsive PD, and Schizotypal PD from the perspectives of Section II (PDQ-4) and Section III (PID-5) PD models, as well as measures of functional impairment in interpersonal and intrapersonal domains...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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