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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157736/the-influence-of-dosing-on-effect-size-of-exercise-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-foot-and-ankle-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150470/platelet-rich-plasma-in-achilles-tendon-healing-2-path-2-trial-protocol-for-a-multicentre-participant-and-assessor-blinded-parallel-group-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injection-versus-placebo-injection-for-achilles-tendon-rupture
#2
Joseph Alsousou, David J Keene, Philippa A Hulley, Paul Harrison, Susan Wagland, Christopher Byrne, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Susan J Dutton, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries give rise to substantial long-lasting morbidity and pose considerable challenges for clinicians and patients during the lengthy healing period. Current treatment strategies struggle to curb the burden of this injury on health systems and society due to lengthy rehabilitation, work absence and reinjury risk. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous preparation that has been shown to improve the mechanobiological properties of tendons in laboratory and animal studies...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148421/a-validation-study-of-the-simple-psoriatic-arthritis-screening-sipas-questionnaire-to-screen-psoriasis-patients-for-psoriatic-arthritis
#3
Fausto Salaffi, Marco Di Carlo, Michele Maria Luchetti, Eleonora Di Donato, Anna Campanati, Devis Benfaremo, Massimiliano Nicolini, Marina Carotti, Alfredo Giacchetti, Giulia Ganzetti, Leonardo Bugatti, Armando Gabrielli, Anna Maria Offidani
OBJECTIVES: To validate in a multicentric cohort of patients a self-administered PsA screening tool, called Simple Psoriatic Arthritis Screening (SiPAS) questionnaire, to screen psoriasis patients for signs and symptoms of PsA. METHODS: The SiPAS questionnaire was validated in a multicentric Italian cohort of psoriasis patients referred to two rheumatological centres. RESULTS: A total of 202 psoriasis patients were screened with SiPAS in the validation study...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144771/bursal-sided-rotator-cuff-tears-simple-versus-everted-type
#4
Hwan Jin Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Young Moon Kee, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: No studies have focused on the everted type of bursal-sided partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs). PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiological characteristics, arthroscopic findings, and clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic repair of the everted type of bursal-sided PTRCTs. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Two groups of patients with bursal-sided PTRCTs (simple type, 25 shoulders; everted type, 25 shoulders) were enrolled...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144240/trial-of-music-sucrose-and-combination-therapy-for-pain-relief-during-heel-prick-procedures-in-neonates
#5
Swapnil R Shah, Shahajahan Kadage, John Sinn
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of music, oral sucrose, and combination therapy for pain relief in neonates undergoing a heel prick procedure. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized, controlled, blinded crossover clinical trial included stable neonates >32 weeks of postmenstrual age. Each neonate crossed over to all 3 interventions in random order during consecutive heel pricks. A video camera on mute mode recorded facial expressions, starting 2 minutes before until 7 minutes after the heel prick...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134816/liquifying-pldlla-anchor-fixation-in-achilles-reconstruction-for-insertional-tendinopathy
#6
Stephanie A Boden, Allison L Boden, Danielle Mignemi, Jason T Bariteau
Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a frequent cause of posterior heel pain and is often associated with Haglund's deformity. Surgical correction for refractory cases of IAT has been well studied; however, the method of tendon fixation to bone in these procedures remains controversial, and to date, no standard technique has been identified for tendon fixation in these surgeries. Often, after Haglund's resection, there is large exposed cancellous surface for Achilles reattachment, which may require unique fixation to optimize outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126045/the-effectiveness-of-conservative-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Stefano Salvioli, Maddalena Guidi, Giulia Marcotulli
Plantar heel pain is one of the most common causes of pain and musculoskeletal pathologies of the foot. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most effective, conservative and non-pharmacological treatments regarding pain in patients with plantar heel pain. The authors searched 5 databases and included only randomized control trials which investigated the efficacy of a conservative non-pharmacological treatment compared to the placebo, for the outcome of pain. Study selection, data collection and risk of bias assessment were conducted independently by two authors, and consensus was reached with a third author...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119296/comparison-of-dry-needling-and-steroid-injection-in-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Shirvan Rastegar, Sadegh Baradaran Mahdavi, Babak Hoseinzadeh, Sajad Badiei
INTRODUCTION: Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. Considering different interventions which are applied for patients with plantar fasciitis, dry needling is proposed as a new modality of treatment recently. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of dry needling versus steroid injection for plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Sixty-six patients were recruited to this single-blind clinical trial study. Participants were randomly allocated to receive 1 ml (40 mg) of Depo-Medrol (methylprednisolone acetate) or dry needling...
November 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113569/physical-therapy-rehabilitation-of-an-adolescent-pre-professional-dancer-following-os-trigonum-excision-a-case-report
#9
Alyson Filipa, Kelli Barton
Study Design Case report. Background An os trigonum can be a source of pain for dancers due to impingement during repetitive ankle plantarflexion movements. Following excision of an os trigonum, it is important to have a gradual, progressive return-to-dance program for optimal recovery. The purpose of this case report is to describe the post-operative management and return-to-dance progression of an adolescent dancer status post os trigonum excision. Case Description An adolescent pre-professional female dancer had an extensive history of left posterior heel pain beginning at age eight that led to surgical removal of an os trigonum at age fifteen...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108686/effect-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-on-passive-ankle-stiffness-in-patients-with-plantar-fasciopathy
#10
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Pei-An Yu, Li-Ju Lai, Chi-Lung Chen, Liang-Tseng Kuo, Chun-Hao Fan
Plantar fasciopathy (PF) is the most common cause of heel pain. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) improves the gait pattern in patients with PF. However, the effects of ESWT on the biomechanics of the ankle in these patients remains unclear. Sixteen participants were included in the present study. Of the 16 participants, 8 patients with PF were assigned to receive extracorporeal shockwave therapy, and 8 healthy participants served as an external control group. ESWT was applied to the PF group for 1500 pulses at an energy flux of 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100198/non-nutritive-sucking-oral-breast-milk-and-facilitated-tucking-relieve-preterm-infant-pain-during-heel-stick-procedures-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Hsueh-Fang Peng, Ti Yin, Luke Yang, Chi Wang, Yue-Cune Chang, Mei-Jy Jeng, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
BACKGROUND: Preterm infant pain can be relieved by combining non-nutritive sucking (sucking), oral sucrose, and facilitated tucking (tucking), but the pain-relief effects of oral expressed breast milk (breast milk) are ambiguous. AIMS: We compared the effects of combined sucking+ breast milk, sucking+breast milk+tucking, and routine care on preterm infant pain during and after heel-stick procedures. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized controlled trial...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095303/platelet-rich-plasma-as-a-treatment-for-plantar-fasciitis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Wei-Yi Yang, Yan-Hong Han, Xue-Wei Cao, Jian-Ke Pan, Ling-Feng Zeng, Jiong-Tong Lin, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used as an alternative therapy for plantar fasciitis (PF) to reduce heel pain and improve functional restoration. We evaluated the current evidence concerning the efficacy and safety of PRP as a treatment for PF compared with the efficacy and safety of steroid treatments. METHODS: Databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library) were searched from their establishment to January 30, 2017, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PRP with steroid injections as treatments for PF...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060154/long-term-monitoring-of-a-pressure-ulcer-risk-patient-using-thermal-images
#13
Stephanie L Bennett, Rafik Goubran, Frank Knoefel
Patients in an immobile state are susceptible to pressure ulcers, which are localized injuries to the skin and/or underlying tissues due to prolonged pressure. This paper builds upon a body of work examining in-hospital older adult patients at-risk of developing pedal pressure ulcers by examining thermal images of one patient, who was reporting pain in her right foot, over 112 days of a hospital stay. Thermal images of the patient's left and right heels and malleoli were subjected to image processing to remove noise and enhance contrast, region selection and feature extraction to observe changes in temperature over time...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058755/functional-outcomes-for-nonoperatively-treated-proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures
#14
Hannah A Dineen, Timothy D Murphy, Sabrina Mangat, Eric Z Lukosius, Feng-Chang Lin, Brett J Pettett, Stephen J Peoples, Shepard R Hurwitz
Fractures of the proximal fifth metatarsal are relatively common and can be treated with a variety of treatment modalities. The goals of the current study were to answer the following questions: (1) Is there a difference in functional outcomes with different nonoperative treatment modalities for avulsion and Jones fractures? (2) What is the long-term functional impairment? This study included 53 patients who were treated for proximal fifth metatarsal fracture at 1 university health care system between 2004 and 2013...
November 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056595/effectiveness-of-foot-orthoses-for-the-prevention-of-lower-limb-overuse-injuries-in-naval-recruits-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Daniel R Bonanno, George S Murley, Shannon E Munteanu, Karl B Landorf, Hylton B Menz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of prefabricated foot orthoses for the prevention of lower limb overuse injuries in naval recruits. METHODS: This study was a participant-blinded and assessor-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Three-hundred and six participants aged 17-50 years who undertook 11 weeks of initial defence training at the Royal Australian Navy Recruit School (Cerberus, Australia) were randomised to a control group (flat insoles, n=153) or an intervention group (contoured, prefabricated foot orthoses, n=153)...
October 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035584/hybrid-fixation-for-ankle-fusion-in-diabetic-charcot-arthropathy
#16
Hani El-Mowafi, Mazen Abulsaad, Yasser Kandil, Ahmed El-Hawary, Samer Ali
BACKGROUND: Ankle fusion is difficult to achieve in the diabetic Charcot ankle Brodsky type 3a because of the poor quality of the bone and the inability to achieve a stable biomechanical construct. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of ankle fusion using a combination of an intramedullary nail and a circular external fixator in patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy. METHODS: We prospectively studied 24 patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy of the ankle who were treated by fusion of the tibiotalar joint using a combined retrograde intramedullary nail and Ilizarov external fixator...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033995/effect-of-environmental-and-behavioral-interventions-on-pain-intensity-in-preterm-infants-for-heel-prick-blood-sampling-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Fatemeh Baharlooei, Maryam Marofi, Zahra Abdeyazdan
BACKGROUND: Recent researches suggest that preterm infants understand pain and stress. Because of the wide range of effects of pain on infants, the present study was conducted on the effect of environmental and behavioral interventions on pain due to heel-prick blood sampling in preterm infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted among 32 infants with gestational age of 32-37 weeks in the intervention and control groups. The effects of noise reduction by earplugs, light reduction by blindfolds, reduction of nursing manipulation, and creation of intrauterine position for neonates, 30 minutes before taking blood samples until 30 minutes after it, were measured during the intervention stage...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032913/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-plus-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-might-reduce-pain-and-improve-function-but-still-not-lead-to-increased-activity-a-case-series-study-with-multiple-outcome-measures
#18
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of plantar-aspect heel pain. Although many patients will improve, a proportion will have ongoing and sometimes debilitating symptoms. Evidence from randomized controlled trials has shown that extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) results in benefits in treating pain. However, uncertainties remain whether these benefits translate to improvements in overall function. The present prospective case series examined the results from 35 patients with chronic plantar fasciitis who had undergone a course of ESWT in addition to a graded rehabilitation program...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028624/foot-pressure-pattern-hindfoot-deformities-and-their-associations-with-foot-pain-in-individuals-with-advanced-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
Isao Saito, Kyoji Okada, Masahiko Wakasa, Hidekazu Abe, Akira Saito
This survey clarified foot pressure patterns and hindfoot deformities in individuals with advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA) and analyzed their associations with foot pain. Sixty-four individuals with unilateral knee OA who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were divided into the following groups: no foot pain (n=26; men:women, 4:22; mean age, 73.7 years), foot pain resolved after TKA (12; 2:10; 75.8), and foot pain remaining after TKA (26; 4:22; 74.7). Elderly individuals without pain or deformity in either knee (54; 10:44; 74...
October 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992771/reliability-and-validity-of-hip-stability-isometric-test-hipsit-a-new-method-to-assess-hip-posterolateral-muscle-strength
#20
Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Helena Larissa das Neves Rodrigues, Bruno Wesley de Freitas, Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The Hip Stability Isometric Test (HipSIT) evaluates the strength of the hip posterolateral stabilizers in a position that favors greater activation of the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius and lower activation of the tensor fascia lata. Objectives To check the validity and reliability of the HipSIT and to evaluate the HipSIT in women with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Methods The HipSIT was evaluated with a hand-held dynamometer. During testing the participants were side-lying, with the legs positioned at 45° of hip flexion and 90° of knee flexion...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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