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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771148/prospective-randomized-trial-of-electrolysis-for-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#1
Tomás Fernández-Rodríguez, Álvaro Fernández-Rolle, Sebastián Truyols-Domínguez, Jose C Benítez-Martínez, Jose Casaña-Granell
BACKGROUND: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a common condition with high prevalence rates and a projected cost of treatment of US$192 to US$376 million. There are several therapeutic approaches and there is increased interest in treatments aimed at the regeneration of tissues with poor healing potential. Our purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis in chronic plantar heel pain. METHODS: A total of 73 patients with a clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of plantar heel pain unrelated to systemic inflammatory disease who had not received any other treatment in the previous 6 months on the affected foot were randomly allocated to receive either ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis of the fascia (experimental group, n = 39) or placebo puncture (control group, n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766646/psychosocial-variables-and-presence-severity-and-prognosis-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-prognostic-associations
#2
Chris Drake, Adrian Mallows, Chris Littlewood
OBJECTIVE: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is often disabling, and persistent symptoms are common. Psychosocial variables are known to affect pain and disability but the association of these factors with PHP has yet to be established. The purpose of the present systematic review was to determine if psychosocial variables are associated with the presence, severity and prognosis of PHP. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and qualitative synthesis was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765875/clinical-and-biomechanical-effects-of-low-dye-taping-and-figure-8-modification-of-low-dye-taping-in-patients-with-heel-pad-atrophy
#3
You Hyeon Chae, Joo Sup Kim, Yeon Kang, Hyun Young Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate and compare the effect of low-dye taping (LDT) and figure-8 modification of LDT (MLDT) on peak plantar pressure and heel pain in patients with heel pad atrophy. Methods: There were reviewed 32 feet of 19 patients who have been diagnosed with heel pad atrophy who were enrolled in this study. The patients were diagnosed with heel pad atrophy with clinical findings, and loaded heel pad thickness measured by ultrasonography. At the first visit, patients were taught how to do LDT and MLDT...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763673/the-distribution-of-pain-activity-across-the-human-neonatal-brain-is-sex-dependent
#4
Madeleine Verriotis, Laura Jones, Kimberley Whitehead, Pureza Laudiano-Dray, Ismini Panayotidis, Hemani Patel, Judith Meek, Lorenzo Fabrizi, Maria Fitzgerald
In adults, there are differences between male and female structural and functional brain connectivity, specifically for those regions involved in pain processing. This may partly explain the observed sex differences in pain sensitivity, tolerance, and inhibitory control, and in the development of chronic pain. However, it is not known if these differences exist from birth. Cortical activity in response to a painful stimulus can be observed in the human neonatal brain, but this nociceptive activity continues to develop in the postnatal period and is qualitatively different from that of adults, partly due to the considerable cortical maturation during this time...
May 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758978/analysis-of-foot-kinematics-wearing-high-heels-using-the-oxford-foot-model
#5
Meizi Wang, Yaodong Gu, Julien Steven Baker
Wearing high heels is thought to lead to various foot disorders and injuries such as metatarsal pain, Achilles tendon tension, plantar fasciitis and Haglund malformation. However, there is little available information explaining the specific mechanisms and reasons why wearing high heels causes foot deformity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the foot kinematics of high heel wearers and compare any differences with barefoot individuals using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM). Fifteen healthy women aged 20-25 years were measured while walking barefoot and when wearing high heels...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730619/what-is-the-effect-of-prolonged-sitting-and-physical-activity-on-thoracic-spine-mobility-an-observational-study-of-young-adults-in-a-uk-university-setting
#6
Nicola R Heneghan, Gemma Baker, Kimberley Thomas, Deborah Falla, Alison Rushton
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour has long been associated with neck and low back pain, although relatively little is known about the thoracic spine. Contributing around 33% of functional neck movement, understanding the effect of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on thoracic spinal mobility may guide clinical practice and inform research of novel interventions. DESIGN: An assessor-blinded prospective observational study designed and reported in accordance with Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720796/value-of-motor-nerve-conduction-studies-in-the-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-single-center-prospective-observational-study-from-india
#7
Ajoy Sodani, Mukesh Dube, Rahul Jain
Background: Nerve conduction studies are considered to be the gold standard for diagnosing secondary tarsal tunnel syndrome (s TTS), but their utility in the diagnosis of idiopathic tarsal tunnel syndrome (i TTS) is largely unknown. Objective: We sought to investigate the value of motor nerve conductions studies (MNCS) in the diagnosis of clinically suspected i TTS. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six (52 limbs) adult patients of clinically suspected i TTS were subjected to motor nerve conductions of posterior tibial nerve, and its branches and motor conduction parameters were compared with those of 45 healthy controls...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712548/optimizing-recovery-after-achilles-tendon-pain-guidelines-help-deliver-quality-care
#8
(no author information available yet)
Achilles tendinopathy can temporarily stop many active people, and particularly those who participate in sports. Pain in the Achilles tendon often occurs in the middle of this fibrous tissue that connects the muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone. Physical therapists can help ensure that patients with Achilles tendinopathy receive the best quality care to optimize their recovery. Guidelines published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT recommend best practices from the published literature for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating Achilles tendon pain...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707034/laser-acupuncture-at-large-intestine-4-compared-with-oral-glucose-administration-for-pain-prevention-in-healthy-term-neonates-undergoing-routine-heel-lance-study-protocol-for-an-observer-blinded-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Jasmin Stadler, Alexander Avian, Katrin Posch, Berndt Urlesberger, Wolfgang Raith
Background: Nonpharmacological strategies have actually become more important in neonatal pain management during routinely applied minor painful procedures. However, commonly used nonpharmacological strategies are inferior to orally administered sweet solutions. Therefore, we will compare laser acupuncture, as a recent nonpharmacological method, with the standard care of oral glucose solution for pain prevention. Methods: Ninety-five healthy term neonates will be allocated into one of two groups...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705166/differences-in-knee-and-hip-adduction-and-hip-muscle-activation-in-runners-with-and-without-iliotibial-band-syndrome
#10
Robert L Baker, Richard B Souza, Mitchell J Rauh, Michael Fredericson, Michael D Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Iliotibial Band Syndrome has been associated with altered hip and knee kinematics in runners. Prior studies have recommended further research on neuromuscular factors at the hip. The frontal plane hip muscles have been a strong focus in strength comparison, but not for electromyography investigation. OBJECTIVE: To compare hip surface electromyography, and frontal plane hip and knee kinematics, in runners with and without iliotibial band syndrome. DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study, 30 participants were tested for motion capture at the hip and knee and muscle activation in the lateral and posterior hip...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703456/risk-factors-for-removal-of-calcaneus-screws-a-retrospective-study
#11
Mathieu Angers-Goulet, Philippe Beauchamp-Chalifour, Nathalie Laflamme, Marc Bouchard, Mélissa Laflamme
Although techniques using calcaneus screws have shown high union rates, posterior heel pain due to prominent hardware at the posterior and plantar aspect of the calcaneal tuberosity seems to be a significant complaint that often leads to hardware removal. The purpose of the present study was to identify the clinical and radiologic risk factors associated with calcaneus screw removal. A retrospective study of adult patients who required calcaneus screw fixation from January 2008 to December 2016 was conducted...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702369/barefoot-plantar-pressure-measurement-in-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome
#12
D Roscoe, A J Roberts, D Hulse, A Shaheen, M P Hughes, A Bennett
BACKGROUND: Patients with Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS) have exercise-limiting pain that subsides at rest. Diagnosis is confirmed by intramuscular compartment pressure (IMCP) measurement. Accompanying CECS, subjective changes to gait (foot slap) are frequently reported by patients. This has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in barefoot plantar pressure (BFPP) between CECS cases and asymptomatic controls prior to the onset of painful symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686479/does-manual-therapy-improve-pain-and-function-in-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-a-systematic-review
#13
John J Fraser, Revay Corbett, Chris Donner, Jay Hertel
Objective: To assess if manual therapy (MT) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF) patients improves pain and function more effectively than other interventions. Methods: A systematic review of all randomized control trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of MT in the treatment of human patients with PF, plantar fasciosis, and heel pain published in English on PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Research quality was appraised utilizing the PEDro scale...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685563/changes-in-rearfoot-alignment-in-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#14
Kadir Ilker Yildiz, Abdulhamit Misir, Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Mustafa Cukurlu
Plantar heel pain is a common disabling condition in adults. Biomechanical factors are important in the development of plantar heel pain. Quantitative changes in rearfoot alignment in patients with plantar heel pain have not been previously investigated. From April 2016 to March 2017, 100 patients with plantar heel pain and 100 healthy individuals were recruited. The foot posture index was used for the measurement of foot alignment. The generalized joint hypermobility condition was assessed using the Beighton scale...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684832/effect-of-non-nutritive-sucking-and-sucrose-alone-and-in-combination-for-repeated-procedural-pain-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Haixia Gao, Mei Li, Honglian Gao, Guihua Xu, Fang Li, Jing Zhou, Yunsu Zou, Honghua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking provided better pain relief than sucrose or non-nutritive sucking alone in a single painful procedure. However, whether the combination of non-nutritive sucking with sucrose could obtain a significant difference in analgesic effect of the repeated procedural pain than any single intervention has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of non-nutritive sucking and sucrose alone and in combination of repeated procedural pain in preterm infants...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682429/when-why-and-how-foot-orthoses-fos-should-be-prescribed-for-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-a-delphi-survey-of-podiatrists
#16
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Saravana Kumar, Helen A Banwell
Background: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or when and how foot orthoses should be prescribed. The aim of this study was to garner consensus and agreement among podiatrists on the use of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. Methods: A three round Delphi consensus survey was undertaken with 15 podiatry experts from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677091/factors-associated-with-revision-surgery-after-internal-fixation-of-hip-fractures
#17
Sheila Sprague, Emil H Schemitsch, Marc Swiontkowski, Gregory J Della Rocca, Kyle J Jeray, Susan Liew, Gerard P Slobogean, Sofia Bzovsky, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Qi Zhou, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Femoral neck fractures are associated with high rates of revision surgery after management with internal fixation. Using data from the Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip fractures (FAITH) trial evaluating methods of internal fixation in patients with femoral neck fractures, we investigated associations between baseline and surgical factors and the need for revision surgery to promote healing, relieve pain, treat infection or improve function over 24 months postsurgery...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674347/should-foot-orthoses-be-used-for-plantar-heel-pain
#18
EDITORIAL
Glen A Whittaker, Shannon E Munteanu, Hylton B Menz, Karl B Landorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673797/non-invasive-multi-modality-approach-to-treating-plantar-fasciitis-a-case-study
#19
Tamsin Lee
Plantar fasciitis, also referred to as plantar heel pain, is a common foot pathology among runners and other athletes. The clinical guidelines of the 2014 Orthopedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association states, non-invasive therapies including manual therapy, stretching, taping, foot orthoses and night splints are recommended as primary interventions. Recent studies suggest acupuncture may be an effective treatment compared to standard treatment for long-term relief. This case study reports the effects of a multi-modality approach including massage, gua sha, bleeding, acupuncture and moxibustion to treat acute plantar heel pain...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#20
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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