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Heel pain

Nadine Rasenberg, Henrik Riel, Michael S Rathleff, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is common. Foot orthoses are often applied as treatment for PHP, even though there is little evidence to support this. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different orthoses on pain, function and self-reported recovery in patients with PHP and compare them with other conservative interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, CINAHL and Google Scholar up to January 2017...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tun Hing Lui, Yuk Chuen Siu, Wai Kit Ngai
Identification of the correct source of symptoms is the key in formulating the correct treatment plan for heel pain after calcaneal malunion. Calcaneofibular and posterior ankle impingements can occur due to malunion of a joint depressed-type calcaneal fracture. The purpose of this Technical Note is to report the technical details of posterior and lateral decompression through the posteromedial and posterolateral portals using posterior ankle endoscopy.
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ava D Segal, Krista M Cyr, Christina J Stender, Eric C Whittaker, Michael E Hahn, Michael S Orendurff, William R Ledoux, Bruce J Sangeorzan
BACKGROUND: End-stage ankle arthritis is a debilitating condition that often requires surgical intervention after failed conservative treatments. Ankle arthrodesis is a common surgical option, especially for younger and highly active patients; however, ankle arthroplasty has become increasingly popular as advancements in implant design improve device longevity. The longitudinal differences in biomechanical outcomes between these surgical treatments remain indistinct, likely due to the challenges associated with objective study of a heterogeneous population...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Tong-Hsien Chow, Yih-Shyuan Chen, Jia-Chang Wang
BACKGROUND: Plantar pressure measurement is effective for assessing plantar loading and can be applied to evaluating foot performance. We sought to explore the characteristics of plantar pressures in elite sprinters and recreational runners during static standing and walking. METHODS: Arch index (AI) values, regional plantar pressure distributions (PPDs), and footprint characteristics were examined in 80 elite sprinters and 90 recreational runners using an optical plantar pressure measurement system...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Young Hak Roh, Young Do Koh, Jong Oh Kim, Kyu Ho Lee, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pillar pain (deep-seated wrist pain worsened by leaning on the heel of the hand) sometimes occurs after carpal tunnel release (CTR), leading to weakness in the hand and delayed return to work. Increased pain sensitivity has been found to be associated with worse symptoms and poorer treatment response in a number of chronic musculoskeletal conditions, but few studies have investigated the association of pain sensitization with pillar pain after CTR. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is preoperative pain sensitization in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) associated with increased severity of pillar pain after open CTR? (2) What other demographic, electrophysiological, or preoperative clinical characteristics are associated with pillar pain after CTR? METHODS: Over a 35-month period, one surgeon performed 162 open carpal tunnel releases...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Liselotte Hansen, Thøger Persson Krogh, Torkell Ellingsen, Lars Bolvig, Ulrich Fredberg
Background: Plantar fasciitis (PF) affects 7% to 10% of the population. The long-term prognosis is unknown. Purpose: Our study had 4 aims: (1) to assess the long-term prognosis of PF, (2) to evaluate whether baseline characteristics (sex, body mass index, age, smoking status, physical work, exercise-induced symptoms, bilateral heel pain, fascia thickness, and presence of a heel spur) could predict long-term outcomes, (3) to assess the long-term ultrasound (US) development in the fascia, and (4) to assess whether US-guided corticosteroid injections induce atrophy of the heel fat pad...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Stuart K Kim, John P A Ioannidis, Marwa A Ahmed, Andrew L Avins, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo
Plantar fascial disorder is comprised of plantar fasciitis and plantar fibromatosis. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, especially for athletes involved in running and jumping sports. Plantar fibromatosis is a rare fibrous hyperproliferation of the deep connective tissue of the foot. To identify genetic loci associated with plantar fascial disorders, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 21,624 cases of plantar fascial disorders and 80,879 controls...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Raoul Saggini, Maurizio Migliorini, Simona Maria Carmignano, Emilio Ancona, Chiara Russo, Rosa Grazia Bellomo
Background: The cause of heel pain among soccer players is multifactorial and is related to repetitive microtrauma due to impact forces involving technical moves, but also the playground, the exercise mode, the recovery time, the climatic conditions and the footwear used. Aim: To investigate the aetiology of plantar heel pain of soccer players with the objective of proposing an example of guidelines for treatment. Methods: We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of inferior heel pain of 1473 professional, semiprofessional and amateur players...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Jordi Vega, Albert Baduell, Francesc Malagelada, Jörg Allmendinger, Miki Dalmau-Pastor
BACKGROUND: Haglund syndrome is a common cause of heel pain. Risk for tendon detachment after calcaneoplasty can exist. Open Achilles tendon detachment, calcaneoplasty, bursectomy, pathologic tendon-tissue debridement, and tendon reattachment of the Achilles tendon is a common surgical management of Haglund syndrome combined with insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to describe the endoscopic calcaneoplasty and anchor suture augmentation of the Achilles insertional area, and the results obtained in patients with an increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture after calcaneoplasty...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Danielle Thomas, David Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common osteoarthritic disease of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). Few salvage treatment options exist that preserve motion for patients who have failed an initial procedure and who are not amenable to fusion, typically patients who are active or who would like to wear high heels. Allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty is an unconventional salvage treatment option that may preserve motion and prevent bone loss. METHODS: A retrospective chart review is reported of 19 patients who failed previous procedures and refused fusion who underwent allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty of the hallux MTPJ by a single surgeon between 2012 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Janneke J de Winter, Marleen G van de Sande, Niklas Baerlecken, Inger Berg, Roberta Ramonda, Désirée van der Heijde, Floris A van Gaalen, Torsten Witte, Dominique L Baeten
BACKGROUND: Anti-CD74 IgG antibodies are reported to be elevated in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). This study assessed the diagnostic value of anti-CD74 antibodies in patients with early axSpA. METHODS: Anti-CD74 IgG and IgA antibodies were first measured in an exploratory cohort of patients with radiographic axSpA (138 patients with ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS)) and 57 healthy controls and then were measured in patients with early axSpA (n = 274) and with non-SpA chronic back pain (CBP) (n = 319), participating in the spondyloarthritis caught early (SPACE) prospective cohort study of patients under 45 years old with early back pain (for ≥ 3 months, but ≤ 2 years)...
March 1, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Bonnie Stevens, Janet Yamada, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Sharyn Gibbins, Denise Harrison, Kimberley Dionne, Anna Taddio, Carol McNair, Andrew Willan, Marilyn Ballantyne, Kimberley Widger, Souraya Sidani, Carole Estabrooks, Anne Synnes, Janet Squires, Charles Victor, Shirine Riahi
BACKGROUND: Orally administered sucrose is effective and safe in reducing pain intensity during single, tissue-damaging procedures in neonates, and is commonly recommended in neonatal pain guidelines. However, there is wide variability in sucrose doses examined in research, and more than a 20-fold variation across neonatal care settings. The aim of this study was to determine the minimally effective dose of 24% sucrose for reducing pain in hospitalized neonates undergoing a single skin-breaking heel lance procedure...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Zhenshuang Yue, Yanghua Tang, Zhongqing Hu, Wenjie Zheng
RATIONALE: The calcaneal fracture without broken lateral wall is rare and the open anatomic reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is necessary when the subtalar joint articular surface is broken and collapsed. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old male was admitted to our department with complaints of heel pain and swelling after falling down from 1-m-high stone. He was unable to bear weight on his right foot. DIAGNOSES: Imaging studies confirmed that it was a sanders type IIIAB calcaneal fracture without broken lateral wall and the middle part of the posterior calcaneal articular facet collapsed...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michael J Arnold, Jonathan Gruber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
E Audureau, F Roux, D Lons Danic, M Bagot, A Cantagrel, E Dernis, N Gouyette, P Hilliquin, D Jullien, F Lioté, T Passeron, M A Richard, P Claudepierre
BACKGROUND: Dermatologists are recommended to ask psoriasis patients about musculoskeletal complaints to allow early detection and treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Screening tools have been developed to help identifying patients warranting further rheumatologic assessment, but evidence suggests room for improvement in their diagnostic value and ease of use for outpatient practice. OBJECTIVE: To develop and internally validate a brief tool for dermatologists to screen patients to refer to a rheumatologist for PsA diagnosis...
February 11, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Vivek V Shukla, Satvik Bansal, Archana Nimbalkar, Apurva Chapla, Ajay Phatak, Dipen Patel, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
OBJECTIVE: To compare individual efficacy and additive effects of pain control interventions in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level-3 University affiliated neonatal intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: 200 neonates (26-36 weeks gestational age) requiring heel-stick for bedside glucose assessment. Exclusion criteria were neurologic impairment and critical illness precluding study interventions...
February 9, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Mindy M Duong, Allen D Nicholson, Samuel Q Li, Allison Gilmore, Daniel R Cooperman, Raymond W Liu
BACKGROUND: Sever disease is a common condition in active, growing children. This condition presents as pain in the heel and is thought to be an overuse condition of the calcaneal apophysis. There are currently no defined radiographic diagnostic criteria for evaluation of Sever disease, with radiographs generally showing normal appearance of the calcaneal apophysis. A better understanding of the relationship of Sever disease and skeletal maturity may allow for improved interpretation of radiographs when trying to diagnose this condition...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Hagen Schmal, Markus Walther, Anja Hirschmüller, Nina Bunert, Norbert P Südkamp, Alexander T Mehlhorn
BACKGROUND: Gastrocnemius recession (GR) has been introduced for treatment of forefoot overload syndrome (FOS). We questioned if GR leads to an altered forefoot load and weakness of plantarflexors in those patients. METHODS: 26 patients suffering from FOS and gastrocnemius tightness underwent GR. A strength power analysis of plantar flexors and a pedobarography was performed. Clinical outcome was measured by Foot Function Index (FFI). RESULTS: Plantarflexors are impaired about 40% six weeks and around 10% 24 weeks following GR compared to the contralateral side...
April 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Cesar de Cesar Netto, Apisan Chinanuvathana, Lucas Furtado da Fonseca, Eric J Dein, Eric W Tan, Lew Charles Schon
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic Achilles tendon disorders, Achilles tendon debridement can be supplemented with a tendon transfer, with the flexor hallucis longus tendon (FHL) transfer representing the most common used technique. Our study describes clinical and functional results of patients treated with flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer in the treatment of patients with chronic Achilles tendon disorders. METHODS: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data of thirteen patients (15 feet) that underwent FDL tendon transfer as part of the treatment of chronic Achilles tendon disorders...
December 19, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Peter J Carek
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain in adults. It involves painful symptoms occurring along the plantar fascia with or without the presence of a bony heel spur. Heel pain that occurs on standing after a prolonged non-weight-bearing period is a prominent symptom of plantar fasciitis. On physical examination, palpation along the medial plantar calcaneal region reproduces the painful symptoms. Routine imaging studies usually are not necessary but can be used to rule out pathologies or confirm chronic or recalcitrant plantar fasciitis...
February 2018: FP Essentials
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