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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320640/syme-amputation-a-systematic-review
#1
Rudwina Braaksma, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen
BACKGROUND: In the decision-making process toward an amputation of the lower extremity, knowledge about patient-related outcomes after amputation and rehabilitation is important. We have not found a systematic review that provides this knowledge for Syme amputation. The aim of this study was to present an overview of outcomes after a Syme amputation grouped according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) model, focusing on body structures and functions, activities, and participation...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284574/american-college-of-foot-and-ankle-surgeons-clinical-consensus-statement-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adult-acquired-infracalcaneal-heel-pain
#2
REVIEW
Harry P Schneider, John Baca, Brian Carpenter, Paul Dayton, Adam E Fleischer, Brett D Sachs
Adult acquired inferior calcaneal heel pain is a common pathology seen in a foot and ankle practice. A literature review and expert panel discussion of the most common findings and treatment options are presented. Various diagnostic and treatment modalities are available to the practitioner. It is prudent to combine appropriate history and physical examination findings with patient-specific treatment modalities for optimum success. We present the most common diagnostic tools and treatment options, followed by a discussion of the appropriateness of each based on the published data and experience of the expert panel...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284573/case-report-late-reconstruction-of-the-land-mine-injured-heel-with-an-osteomyocutaneous-composite-fibular-flap
#3
Harun Yasin Tuzun, Mustafa Kurklu, Yalcin Kulahci, Selim Turkkan, Arsen Arsenishvili
The heel comprises the epidermis, minimal subcutaneous tissue, a dense septum, and the calcaneus. Injury to any of these structures can impair the ability to walk. The soft tissue or calcaneal bone can be injured by trauma. Injuries incurred in war are usually high-energy traumas caused by weapons such as rifles, rockets, and land mines. Such injuries can be life threatening and involve the loss of tissue, including skin, soft tissue, bone, and neurovascular tissue. Two main treatment protocols are used for such injuries with large tissue defects: amputation and reconstruction...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273609/bone-marrow-edema-associated-with-everolimus
#4
Rachel Lebovic McDevitt, Chelsey Quinlan, Katie Hersberger, Vaibhav Sahai
PURPOSE: The case of a patient who experienced bone marrow edema and pain in both feet and a compression fracture of one heel bone after several months of everolimus use is reported. SUMMARY: A 62-year-old woman with a grade 1 metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) developed bilateral lower extremity edema and pain approximately 4 months after initiation of treatment with everolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian (or mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248383/the-effect-of-nesting-positions-on-pain-stress-and-comfort-during-heel-lance-in-premature-infants
#5
Ayşe Kahraman, Zümrüt Başbakkal, Mehmet Yalaz, Eser Y Sözmen
BACKGROUND: Nesting positions are commonly used in procedural analgesic administration in premature neonates. The effectiveness of nesting positions is questioned. The aim of the this study was to assess the pain, stress, comfort and salivary cortisol and melatonin values in nesting positions during the heel lance procedure in premature infants at the NICU. METHODS: Experimental research; repeated measurement design. The sample comprised 33 premature neonates with gestational age of 31-35 weeks who had been hospitalized in the NICU...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237480/achilles-tenodesis-for-calcaneal-insufficiency-avulsion-fractures-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Youngrak Choi, Young-Woo Kwon, Young-Suk Sim, Taeho Kim, Dayoung Song, Soohyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal insufficiency avulsion (CIA) fractures often present with neuropathic etiology, such as Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). Under the same surgical procedures, the outcomes of CIA fractures are less desirable, compared to the outcomes of the traumatic calcaneal avulsion fractures. Here, the study suggests Achilles tenodesis technique using suture anchor after resection of the CIA fracture fragments could provide satisfactory clinical results in the cases of surgically indicated CIA fractures...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227320/plantar-fasciitis-a-review-of-treatments
#7
Lindsey Luffy, John Grosel, Randall Thomas, Eric So
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain in the United States. Many treatments are available and differ in efficacy and cost. This article discusses the theorized causes for plantar fasciitis and various treatments.
January 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224949/endoscopic-plantar-fasciotomy-through-two-medial-portals-for-the-treatment-of-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciopathy
#8
Mohamed Ebrahim Al-Ashhab, Hossam El-Dein A Elbegawy, Hala Ali Abed Hasan
Plantar fasciopathy is a common cause of heel pain. Endoscopic plantar fasciotomy has the advantage of less surgical trauma and rapid recovery. The aim of the present prospective study was to delineate the results of endoscopic plantar fascia release through 2 medial portals. The present study included 2 groups. The first group included 27 feet in 25 patients that had undergone endoscopic plantar fascia release followed up for 19.7 (range 12 to 33) months. The second group, the control group, included 20 feet in 16 patients treated conservatively and followed up for 16...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208888/polyarthritis-is-a-rare-manifestation-of-pachydermoperiostosis-a-case-report
#9
M F Ahmmed, M N Shazzad, S Ferdous, A K Azad, S A Haq
Pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, also known as Touraine-Solente-Gole syndrome, is a rare process, frequently inherited. In its complete form it is characterized by pachydermia (thickening of the skin), skeletal changes (periostosis) and acropachia (digital clubbing). Diagnosis can be made considering the typical clinical features and the histological feature. We report a patient of 25-year old man presented with joint pain involving in multiple joints for last 7 years and progressive enlargement of his hands and feet with profuse sweating of palms and soles for last 4 years...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203381/accuracy-of-3-clinical-tests-to-diagnose-proximal-hamstrings-tears-with-and-without-sciatic-nerve-involvement-in-patients-with-posterior-hip-pain
#10
RobRoy L Martin, Ricardo Gonçalves Schröder, Juan Gomez-Hoyos, Anthony N Khoury, Ian James Palmer, Ryan P McGovern, Hal David Martin
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the active hamstring test at 30° (A-30) and 90° (A-90) of knee flexion, the long stride heel strike (LSHS) test, and combination of the 3 tests for individuals with hamstring tendon tears, with and without sciatic nerve involvement. METHODS: A retrospective review of 564 consecutive clinical records identified 42 subjects with a mean age of 50.31 ± 15 years who underwent a standard physical examination prior to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation and diagnostic injection for posterior hip...
December 1, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202429/low-back-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-plantar-heel-pain
#11
Shane McClinton, Carolyn F Weber, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: Lack of response to plantar heel pain (PHP) treatment may be related to unmanaged low back pain (LBP) and low back dysfunction, but a relationship between LBP and PHP has not been established. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the prevalence of LBP among individuals with and without PHP and to assess the association between low back disability and foot/ankle function. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the prevalence and likelihood of LBP in individuals with (n=27) and without (n=27) PHP matched to age, sex, BMI, foot posture, and foot mobility...
September 28, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199079/nociceptive-cortical-activity-is-dissociated-from-nociceptive-behavior-in-newborn-human-infants-under-stress
#12
Laura Jones, Lorenzo Fabrizi, Maria Laudiano-Dray, Kimberley Whitehead, Judith Meek, Madeleine Verriotis, Maria Fitzgerald
Newborn infants display strong nociceptive behavior in response to tissue damaging stimuli, and this is accompanied by nociceptive activity generated in subcortical and cortical areas of the brain [1, 2]. In the absence of verbal report, these nociceptive responses are used as measures of pain sensation in newborn humans, as they are in animals [3, 4]. However, many infants are raised in a physiologically stressful environment, and little is known about the effect of background levels of stress upon their pain responses...
November 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197838/leg-length-discrepancy-the-importance-of-a-complete-history-and-examination
#13
Duncan Coffey, Sarah Patricia Hudson-Phillips, Sarkhell Saadi Radha, Simon Ball
A 26-year-old woman with a 1-year history of right knee pain had failed to respond to analgesia and activity modification in the community. Her general practitioner referred her to the orthopaedic department for specialist review. A thorough history revealed that she had multiple orthopaedic interventions as a child. The patient had significant postoperative infection of the left knee following knee surgery at 7 years of age. Examination demonstrated the presence of a limp, scoliosis and suspected leg length discrepancy...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194449/reported-selection-criteria-for-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity-and-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-are-they-one-and-the-same-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Megan H Ross, Michelle D Smith, Bill Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) and adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) are used interchangeably, although both suggest quite different pathological processes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate key differences in selection criteria used for inclusion into research studies. METHODS: An electronic database search was performed from inception to June 2016. All primary research articles with clear inclusion/diagnostic criteria for PTTD or AAFD were included in the review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181248/effect-of-heel-lifts-on-patellofemoral-joint-stress-during-running
#15
Zachary Mestelle, Thomas Kernozek, Kelly S Adkins, Jessica Miller, Naghmeh Gheidi
Background: Patellofemoral pain is a debilitating injury for many recreational runners. Excessive patellofemoral joint stress may be the underlying source of pain and interventions often focus on ways to reduce patellofemoral joint stress. Purpose: Heel lifts have been used as an intervention within Achilles tendon rehabilitation programs and to address leg length discrepancies. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of running with heel lifts on patellofemoral joint stress, patellofemoral stress impulse, quadriceps force, step length, cadence, and other related kinematic and spatiotemporal variables...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175715/manual-therapy-for-plantar-heel-pain
#16
REVIEW
Yosefa Pollack, Anat Shashua, Leonid Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy employed in the treatment of plantar heel pain includes joint or soft tissue mobilizations. Efficacy of these methods is still under debate. AIMS: To determine whether manual therapy, consisting of deep massage, myofascial release or joint mobilization is effective in treating plantar heel pain. METHODS: A critical review of all available studies with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed...
August 5, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174110/-do-analgesic-sweet-solutions-in-neonates-influence-glycemia-a-literature-review
#17
E Walter-Nicolet, A C Chary-Tardy, B Tourniaire
Sweet solutions are one of the most widely used nonpharmacologic analgesics used for newborns. They alleviate mild to moderate pain induced by painful procedures. They are used daily in neonatal intensive care units before a venepuncture or a heel stick, especially for a blood-sugar measurement. It is agreed that analgesic sweet solutions do not modify glycemia results. This nevertheless remains a recurrent question that the present review attempts to answer.
November 22, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157736/the-influence-of-dosing-on-effect-size-of-exercise-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-foot-and-ankle-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150470/platelet-rich-plasma-in-achilles-tendon-healing-2-path-2-trial-protocol-for-a-multicentre-participant-and-assessor-blinded-parallel-group-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injection-versus-placebo-injection-for-achilles-tendon-rupture
#19
Joseph Alsousou, David J Keene, Philippa A Hulley, Paul Harrison, Susan Wagland, Christopher Byrne, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Susan J Dutton, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries give rise to substantial long-lasting morbidity and pose considerable challenges for clinicians and patients during the lengthy healing period. Current treatment strategies struggle to curb the burden of this injury on health systems and society due to lengthy rehabilitation, work absence and reinjury risk. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous preparation that has been shown to improve the mechanobiological properties of tendons in laboratory and animal studies...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148421/a-validation-study-of-the-simple-psoriatic-arthritis-screening-sipas-questionnaire-to-screen-psoriasis-patients-for-psoriatic-arthritis
#20
Fausto Salaffi, Marco Di Carlo, Michele Maria Luchetti, Eleonora Di Donato, Anna Campanati, Devis Benfaremo, Massimiliano Nicolini, Marina Carotti, Alfredo Giacchetti, Giulia Ganzetti, Leonardo Bugatti, Armando Gabrielli, Anna Maria Offidani
OBJECTIVES: To validate in a multicentric cohort of patients a self-administered PsA screening tool, called Simple Psoriatic Arthritis Screening (SiPAS) questionnaire, to screen psoriasis patients for signs and symptoms of PsA. METHODS: The SiPAS questionnaire was validated in a multicentric Italian cohort of psoriasis patients referred to two rheumatological centres. RESULTS: A total of 202 psoriasis patients were screened with SiPAS in the validation study...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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