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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431226/the-impact-of-automatic-devices-for-capillary-blood-collection-on-efficiency-and-pain-response-in-newborns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
G Sorrentino, M Fumagalli, S Milani, I Cortinovis, A Zorz, G Cavallaro, F Mosca, L Plevani
BACKGROUND: The heel stick is the method of choice in most neonatal units for capillary blood sampling, and it represents the most common event among all painful procedures performed on newborns. The type and design of heel stick device and the clinical procedure to collect a blood sample may have an impact on newborn pain response as well. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain response and efficiency of different automated devices for capillary blood collection in newborns...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414516/effects-of-having-preterm-infants-smell-amniotic-fluid-mother-s-milk-and-mother-s-odor-during-heel-stick-procedure-on-pain-physiological-parameters-and-crying-duration
#2
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Funda Kardaş Özdemir
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess effects of having preterm infants smell amniotic fluid, mother's milk, and mother's odor during heel stick procedure on pain, physiological parameters, and crying duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled experimental research. The population of the study was made up of preterm infants receiving treatment and care at a neonatal intensive care unit, where the study was conducted between January 2015 and March 2016...
April 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407504/high-heeled-walking-decreases-lumbar-lordosis
#3
Edeny Baaklini, Michael Angst, Florian Schellenberg, Marina Hitz, Stefan Schmid, Amir Tal, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
An estimated 78% of women regularly walk in high heels. However, up to 58% complain about low back pain, which is commonly thought to be caused by increased lumbar lordosis. However, the extent to which a subject's posture is modified by high-heeled shoes during dynamic activities remains unknown. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether low- or high-heeled shoes influence the kinematics of the pelvis and the spine during walking. Twenty-three inexperienced women, and seventeen women experienced in wearing high-heeled shoes, all aged 20-55 years, were measured barefoot and while wearing low- (4cm) and high-heeled (10cm) shoes during gait at a self-selected speed...
March 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403111/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-is-effective-in-treating-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-a-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#4
Jiale Sun, Fuqiang Gao, Yanhua Wang, Wei Sun, Baoguo Jiang, Zirong Li
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common reason for heel pain. The efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) as an ideal alternative to conservative treatments and surgery is controversial, and almost all previous articles compared general ESWT with placebo without indicating the kind of shock wave. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of general ESWT, focused shock wave (FSW), and radial shock wave (RSW) with placebo, to assess their effectiveness in chronic PF...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369929/the-plantar-calcaneal-spur-a-review-of-anatomy-histology-etiology-and-key-associations
#5
REVIEW
Joshua Kirkpatrick, Omid Yassaie, Seyed Ali Mirjalili
The plantar calcaneal spur (PCS) is a bony outgrowth from the calcaneal tuberosity and has been studied using various methods including cadavers, radiography, histology and surgery. However, there are currently a number of discrepancies in the literature regarding the anatomical relations, histological descriptions and clinical associations of PCS. Historically, authors have described the intrinsic muscles of the foot and/or the plantar fascia as attaching to the PCS. In this article we review the relationship between the PCS and surrounding soft tissues as well as examining the histology of the PCS...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359929/asymptomatic-radiographic-hip-osteoarthritis-is-associated-with-gait-differences-especially-in-women-a-population-based-study
#6
Vincentius J A Verlinden, Marjolein de Kruijf, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, M Arfan Ikram, Joyce B J van Meurs, Jos N van der Geest
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are debilitating diseases that impair gait at severe stages. Although associations between OA and gait are established for normal walking, little is known about its relation with turning and tandem (heel-to-toe) walking. Furthermore, it is unknown how asymptomatic OA associates with gait, and whether associations differ by sex. We investigated how symptomatic and asymptomatic hip and knee OA associate with gait in community-dwelling individuals...
March 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356051/the-frequency-of-hla-b27-in-a-colombian-population-with-signs-of-spondyloarthritis
#7
Consuelo Romero-Sánchez, Lorena Chila, Alberto Gómez, María Consuelo Casas, Wilson Bautista-Molano, Ignacio Briceño, Juan Camilo Rueda, Juliette De Avila, John Londoño, Rafael Valle
BACKGROUND: The strong association between HLA-B27 and spondyloarthritis (SpA) has demonstrated that typing the HLA-B27 antigen is a crucial step in diagnosis and aids in defining the progression and severity of disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of HLA-B27 in Colombian individuals with clinical manifestations associated with SpA. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively analyzed 4109 HLA-B27 typing requests to the Hospital Militar Central and the Instituto de Referencia Andino from Colombian individuals with clinical signs suggestive of SpA between 2009 and 2012...
March 29, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351745/the-severity-and-number-of-musculoskeletal-pain-associated-with-gait-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#8
Ryuichi Sawa, Takehiko Doi, Shogo Misu, Takashi Saito, Taiki Sugimoto, Shunsuke Murata, Tsuyoshi Asai, Minoru Yamada, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND: The association of quantitative gait characteristics, such as gait variability with musculoskeletal pain is poorly understood. We aimed to examine whether gait speed and gait variability are associated with musculoskeletal pain assessed by the severity and the number of sites in community-dwelling elderly individuals. METHODS: A total of 176 elderly individuals participated in this study. The wireless motion-recording sensor units were attached to the lower trunk and heel during gait, and an autocorrelation coefficient was calculated in three directions as parameters of gait variability of trunk movement...
March 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348110/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-bone-healing-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Stefan Schandelmaier, Alka Kaushal, Lyubov Lytvyn, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Reed A C Siemieniuk, Thomas Agoritsas, Gordon H Guyatt, Per O Vandvik, Rachel Couban, Brent Mollon, Jason W Busse
Objective To determine the efficacy of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) for healing of fracture or osteotomy.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis.Data sources Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and trial registries up to November 2016.Study selection Randomized controlled trials of LIPUS compared with sham device or no device in patients with any kind of fracture or osteotomy.Review methods Two independent reviewers identified studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
February 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336421/percutaneous-planter-fasciitis-release-under-local-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#10
Ramji Lal Sahu
PURPOSE: Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. It occurs when the strong band of the tissue supporting the arch of foot becomes irritated and inflamed. The majority of patients can be treated conservatively but some resistant cases need surgery eventually. This study aims to evaluate the outcome results of percutaneous planter fascia release under local anesthesia for chronic planter fasciitis. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, India from December 2010 to December 2013...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#11
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319133/effects-of-sudden-walking-perturbations-on-neuromuscular-reflex-activity-and-three-dimensional-motion-of-the-trunk-in-healthy-controls-and-back-pain-symptomatic-subjects
#12
Juliane Mueller, Tilman Engel, Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
BACKGROUND: Back pain patients (BPP) show delayed muscle onset, increased co-contractions, and variability as response to quasi-static sudden trunk loading in comparison to healthy controls (H). However, it is unclear whether these results can validly be transferred to suddenly applied walking perturbations, an automated but more functional and complex movement pattern. There is an evident need to develop research-based strategies for the rehabilitation of back pain. Therefore, the investigation of differences in trunk stability between H and BPP in functional movements is of primary interest in order to define suitable intervention regimes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288612/cementoma-of-the-calcaneus-a-case-report
#13
Xiaona Li, Zhigang Peng, Mahrukh Latif, Abhinav Kumar, Wei Chen, Zekun Zhang
BACKGROUND: The cementoma is a common disease of the dental root apex, which generally occurs in the maxilla and the mandible, but the cementoma occurring in the long bone is rare. Moreover, the incidence of cementoma in the calcaneus is extremely infrequent. CASE PRESENTATION: The present study reports an unusual case of a 19-year-old girl, who complained of pain in the left heel. Subsequent radiographs and computed tomography (CT) were used in the diagnosis. The imaging features of the lesion included a radiopaque matrix and radiolucent tissue, particularly an arc-shaped fat band...
March 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283718/measuring-transdermal-glucose-levels-in-neonates-by-passive-diffusion-an-in-vitro-porcine-skin-model
#14
Cristina Tiangco, Abhay Andar, Juliana Quarterman, Xudong Ge, Fortunato Sevilla, Govind Rao, Audra Stinchcomb, Annette Bunge, Leah Tolosa
Current glucose monitoring techniques for neonates rely heavily on blood glucose monitors which require intermittent blood collection through skin-penetrating pricks on the heel or fingers. This procedure is painful and often not clinically conducive, which presents a need for a noninvasive method for monitoring glucose in neonates. Our motivation for this study was to develop an in vitro method for measuring passive diffusion of glucose in premature neonatal skin using a porcine skin model. Such a model will allow us to initially test new devices for noninvasive glucose monitoring without having to do in vivo testing of newborns...
March 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271940/pedal-presentation-of-superficial-acral-fibromyxomaa-case-report
#15
Robin Lenz, Rene Kafka, Kevin Jules, Bradley W Bakotic
Superficial acral fibromyxoma is a benign and slow-growing solitary soft-tissue neoplasm. Since being described in 2001, more than 100 cases of superficial acral fibromyxoma on the foot have been reported worldwide, none of which have been reported in the podiatric medical literature. Only nine cases of superficial acral fibromyxoma have been reported with presentation on the plantar heel. We report an unusual case of a 47-year-old Jamaican woman with a painful, erythematous nodule on her right heel that was diagnosed as superficial acral fibromyxoma...
January 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268480/lomb-algorithm-versus-fast-fourier-transform-in-heart-rate-variability-analyses-of-pain-in-premature-infants
#16
Anas Delane, Jorge Bohorquez, Subhanshu Gupta, Martin Schiavenato
Heart rate variability analysis is a promising method for measuring pain in premature infants. The Lomb algorithm was adapted and compared with fast Fourier transform (FFT) for the purposes of PSD estimation. Both FFT and the Lomb algorithm had similar low frequency (LF) estimation error rates. However, the Lomb algorithm had a significant smaller error rate than FFT when estimating high frequency (HF). In addition, the ECG signals of two premature infants in the newborn intensive care unit were analyzed while undergoing a routine heel stick, a common painful procedure...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268143/a-case-report-of-heel-pain-mimicking-plantar-fasciitis-and-osteosarcoma-a-unique-presentation-of-a-nora-s-lesion
#17
Calvin J Rushing, Diana E Rogers, Steven M Spinner, David C Gajzer
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation, otherwise known as "Nora's lesion," is a rare benign neoplasm first described by Nora in 1983. The exact etiology of this neoplasm remains unknown, and its presentation in the lower extremity presents a diagnostic challenge, as both clinical and radiologic features cannot fully differentiate it from other neoplasms. We present the case of a 48-year-old female with plantar heel pain secondary to Nora's lesion mimicking plantar fasciitis and periosteal osteosarcoma...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257674/insertional-achilles-tendinopathy
#18
REVIEW
Gage M Caudell
Posterior heel pain is a common condition of the foot and ankle and is seen in a variety of foot types. Nonoperative treatment methods consisting of shoes inserts, heel lifts, stretching, physical therapy, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, eccentric strength training, and other modalities have been shown to have mixed results. When indicated, surgical repair can produce good long-term results. Complications, although uncommon, most commonly result from wound healing complications.
April 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255655/short-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-hyaluronic-acid-injection-for-plantar-fasciopathy
#19
Tsukasa Kumai, Norihiro Samoto, Atsushi Hasegawa, Hideo Noguchi, Atsushi Shiranita, Masaharu Shiraishi, Satoshi Ikeda, Kazuya Sugimoto, Yasuhito Tanaka, Yoshinori Takakura
PURPOSE: Plantar fasciopathy is the most common cause of plantar heel pain and is considered to be a type of enthesopathy. The short-term efficacy, safety, and dose-response relationship of high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HA) was investigated in patients with plantar fasciopathy. METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 168 patients with persistent pain from plantar fasciopathy for more than 12 weeks were randomly assigned to receive 2...
March 2, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243722/radiotherapy-of-painful-heel-spur-with-two-fractionation-regimens-results-of-a%C3%A2-randomized-multicenter-trial-after-48%C3%A2-weeks-follow-up
#20
Benjamin Prokein, Henrik Holtmann, Matthias G Hautmann, Hans-Peter Rösler, Stefan Graeber, Yvonne Dzierma, Christian Ruebe, Jochen Fleckenstein, Marcus Niewald
BACKGROUND: In this randomized multicenter trial, we compared the effect of a lower single dose of 0.5 Gy vs. a standard single dose of 1 Gy concerning pain relief and quality of life, while maintaining a uniform total dose of 6 Gy. On the basis of laboratory observations, the lower single dose would be expected to be more effective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 127 patients suffering from painful heel spur were randomized: Patients in the standard group were treated with single fractions of 6 × 1 Gy twice a week, while the experimental group was treated with single fractions of 12 × 0...
February 27, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
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