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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222391/a-clinically-applicable-non-invasive-method-to-quantitatively-assess-the-visco-hyperelastic-properties-of-human-heel-pad-implications-for-assessing-the-risk-of-mechanical-trauma
#1
Sara Behforootan, Panagiotis E Chatzistergos, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Roozbeh Naemi
INTRODUCTION: Pathological conditions such as diabetic foot and plantar heel pain are associated with changes in the mechanical properties of plantar soft tissue. However, the causes and implications of these changes are not yet fully understood. This is mainly because accurate assessment of the mechanical properties of plantar soft tissue in the clinic remains extremely challenging. PURPOSE: To develop a clinically viable non-invasive method of assessing the mechanical properties of the heel pad...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219944/is-plantar-heel-pain-a-more-appropriate-term-than-plantar-fasciitis-time-to-move-on
#2
EDITORIAL
Henrik Riel, Matthew Cotchett, Eamonn Delahunt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Bill Vicenzino, Adam Weir, Karl B Landorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217424/joint-mobilization-in-the-management-of-persistent-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#3
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Andrew A Post, John J Mischke, Josiah D Sault
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) can be a challenging condition to manage conservatively. Eccentric exercise is commonly used in the management of chronic tendinopathy; however, it may not be as helpful for insertional tendon problems as compared to mid-portion dysfunction. While current evidence describing the physical therapy management of IAT is developing, gaps still exist in descriptions of best practice. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with persistent IAT utilizing impairment-based joint mobilization, self-mobilization, and exercise...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#4
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182859/radiographic-study-of-pes-planovarus
#5
Janic Aebi, Monika Horisberger, Arno Frigg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the direction of the subtalar joint, a foot deformity generally tends towards pronation (pes planovalgus) or supination (pes cavovarus). However, the combination of hindfoot varus and flat midfoot/forefoot (pes planovarus) is an exception to this rule. Pes planovarus has so far only been referred to in connection with Müller-Weiss disease and congenital disease. We diagnosed pes planovarus in otherwise healthy patients without these diseases. METHODS: Forty patients with 54 symptomatic feet who were treated between August 2012 and July 2016 were included (mean age, 44...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168545/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-azar-cohort-population-in-northwest-of-iran
#6
Sousan Kolahi, Alireza Khabbazi, Aida Malek Mahdavi, Amid Ghasembaglou, Arezoo Ghasembaglou, Nayyereh Aminisani, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Fariba Heidari
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are considered as major public health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MSDs in Azar cohort population in northwest of Iran. Azar cohort study is a state level of a national cohort project (PERSIAN) which began in 2014. All adults over 35 years old in Khamene city in East Azarbaijan province were recruited for the pilot phase of the Azar cohort. For the purpose of the current study, a total of 952 subjects age range of 35-70 who completed the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Disease (COPCORD) questionnaire as supplementary were included...
February 6, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167181/plantar-heel-pain
#7
EDITORIAL
Warrick McNeill, Mark Silvester
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164063/pathological-fracture-of-calcaneum-a-case-report
#8
K Salauddin Arif, S Anoop, Sandeep Ravindran
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are blood filled fibrous tumor-like cysts that expand the bone giving it a blown out appearance. It is usually seen in the second decade. ABCs were first described by Jaffe and Litchensen in 1942. The exact etiology is unknown. One of the most widely accepted ideas was that aneurysmal bone cyst was a consequence of increased venous pressure and subsequent dilatation and rupture of the local vascular network. However, studies by Panoutsakopoulus et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#9
Robert Hedaya
: Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160271/topical-anaesthesia-for-needle-related-pain-in-newborn-infants
#10
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Christine Taylor, Kaye Spence
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised newborn neonates frequently undergo painful invasive procedures that involve penetration of the skin and other tissues by a needle. One intervention that can be used prior to a needle insertion procedure is application of a topical local anaesthetic. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical anaesthetics such as amethocaine and EMLA in newborn term or preterm infants requiring an invasive procedure involving puncture of skin and other tissues with a needle...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143599/decreased-neonatal-pain-response-after-vaginal-operative-delivery-with-kiwi-omnicup-versus-metal-ventouse
#11
E A Huhn, E Visca, D R Vogt, S von Felten, E M Tinner Oehler, C Bührer, D Surbek, R Zimmermann, I Hoesli
BACKGROUND: Vaginal delivery, especially operative assisted vaginal delivery, seems to be a major stressor for the neonate. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stress response after metal cup versus Kiwi Omnicup® ventouse delivery. METHODS: The study was a secondary observational analysis of data from a former prospective randomised placebo controlled multicentre study on the analgesic effect of acetaminophen in neonates after operative vaginal delivery and took place at three Swiss tertiary hospitals...
January 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133505/oxidative-stress-as-a-physiological-pain-response-in-full-term-newborns
#12
S Perrone, C V Bellieni, S Negro, M Longini, A Santacroce, M L Tataranno, F Bazzini, E Belvisi, A Picardi, F Proietti, L Iantorno, G Buonocore
This research paper aims to investigate if oxidative stress biomarkers increase after a painful procedure in term newborns and if nonpharmacological approaches, or sex, influence pain degree, and the subsequent OS. 83 healthy term newborns were enrolled to receive 10% oral glucose or sensorial saturation (SS) for analgesia during heel prick (HP). The ABC scale was used to score the pain. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and total hydroperoxides (TH) as biomarkers of OS were measured at the beginning (early-sample) and at the end (late-sample) of HP...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110270/assessment-of-neonatal-pain-during-heel-prick-lancet-vs-needle-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Carl Britto, Suman P N Rao
BACKGROUND: Heel prick is a frequent painful procedure in newborns. A lancet or a 26-gauge needle is used for a heel prick in India. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain caused by heel prick with a lancet or a 26-gauge needle in newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using the preterm infant pain profile (PIPP). METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted over 2 months in a Level III NICU with a sample size of 40 subjects (20 in each group), which was required for the study to have a power of 80% with an alpha error of 0...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095359/gait-deviations-associated-with-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Adam Phillips, Shane McClinton
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain is a common foot disorder associated with significant pain and gait-related disability. The aim of this systematic review was to identify gait deviations associated with plantar heel pain. METHODS: A systematic review of articles with quantitative gait variables in individuals with plantar heel pain was conducted using the CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Embase databases. Methodological quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black criteria and used along with the number of studies per gait variable to determine level of evidence...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068842/tibialis-anterior-tendon-reconstruction-using-augmented-half-thickness-tendon-segment-transposition
#15
Christopher W Reb, James F Stenson, Joseph N Daniel
: Tibialis anterior tendon rupture causes substantial morbidity. The present study describes the outcomes of augmented, half-thickness tibialis anterior tendon segment transposition, a novel reconstruction technique. This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 3 patients with surgically treated attritional distal rupture with 1-year follow-up. The postdebridement tendon defect prohibited primary repair and was managed by distal transposition of a half-thickness healthy segment...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066825/a-blinded-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-morphine-analgesia-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-trial-protocol
#16
Rebeccah Slater, Caroline Hartley, Fiona Moultrie, Eleri Adams, Ed Juszczak, Richard Rogers, Jane E Norman, Chetan Patel, Kayleigh Stanbury, Amy Hoskin, Gabrielle Green
Infant pain has both immediate and long-term negative consequences, yet in clinical practice it is often undertreated. To date, few pain-relieving drugs have been tested in infants. Morphine is a potent analgesic that provides effective pain relief in adults, but there is inconclusive evidence for its effectiveness in infants. The purpose of this study is to establish whether oral morphine provides effective analgesia for procedural pain in infants. A blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized, phase II, clinical trial will be undertaken to determine whether morphine sulphate administered orally prior to clinically-required retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and heel lancing provides effective analgesia...
November 15, 2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064033/altered-gait-mechanics-and-elevated-serum-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-mri-evidence-of-knee-cartilage-loss
#17
S N Edd, J Favre, K Blazek, P Omoumi, J L Asay, T P Andriacchi
OBJECTIVE: To test if sagittal plane gait mechanics parameters and serum inflammation levels differ between healthy asymptomatic subjects and asymptomatic subjects with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of cartilage loss. DESIGN: Gait mechanics and resting serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) concentrations were measured for two groups of asymptomatic subjects recruited for a previous study: Pre-Osteoarthritis (OA) subjects had MRI evidence of partial- or full-thickness knee cartilage loss in at least one compartment (n = 52 (30 female), 1...
January 5, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005817/pemphigus-vulgaris-how-to-perform-an-oral-biopsy-properly
#18
Aneliza de Fatima Moraes da Silva, Daniel Galera Bernabé, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Eder Ricardo Biasoli, Renata Callestini, Kellen Cristine Tjioe
Oral biopsy of vesiculobullous diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris often raises questions due to some particularities involving this procedure. The adequate selection of the area to be biopsied defines if the final diagnosis will be reached, being the Achiles heel of the proper management of the patient. Here, the authors report a case of a woman who sought for treatment of generalized oral blisters and ulcers that caused severe pain. She had undergone a previous biopsy by other professionals that was inconclusive...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999725/modifying-marching-technique-in-military-service-members-with-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-a-case-series
#19
Pieter H Helmhout, Maj Angela Diebal-Lee, Laurens R Poelsma, Chris C Harts, Ltc Wes O Zimmermann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The long-term effectiveness of both operative and non-operative management approaches for Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the lower legs (CECS) is moderate at best. Positive outcomes have recently been reported on modifying running technique in individuals with CECS. The purpose of this case series was to evaluate a training program aimed at changing marching technique in individuals with CECS, based on principles that aim to eliminate heel strike and decrease impact during foot strike...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987366/when-alternative-female-kangaroo-care-is-provided-by-other-immediate-postpartum-mothers-it-reduces-postprocedural-pain-in-preterm-babies-more-than-swaddling
#20
Jitendranath Murmu, Kannan Venkatnarayan, Rajeev Kumar Thapar, Subhash Chandra Shaw, Shamsher Singh Dalal
AIM: Research on alternative female Kangaroo care (KC) has been hampered by high maternal refusal rates. We assessed the efficacy of Kangaroo mother care (KMC), alternative KC provided by other postpartum mothers and swaddling for postprocedural pain relief in preterm babies. METHODS: The study was carried out in a tertiary armed forces hospital, where mothers did not have support from other female relatives and other postpartum mothers agreed to act as alternative female KC providers...
December 17, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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